AFRICAN SCHOLAR JOURNAL OF EDUCATION RESEARCH AND LIBRARY PRACTICE (AJERLP)
VOL. 28 NO. 8 MARCH, 2023. ISSN: 2659-1999
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Studies,
University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.
Copyright © 2023 African Scholar Publications and Research International.
Determinants of Awareness Levels of Physics Teachers about Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (NSNT) in Senior Secondary Schools: Oyo Educational Zone Experience
Adegboyega Oludele, Oladejo Olagoke Peter And Amusat Taiwo Adewale
Department of Physics, Emmanuel Alayande University of Education, P.M.B. 1010, Oyo, Nigeria
The rapid development and impact of nanoscience and nanotechnology (NSNT) on economy has led policy makers and educators to focus on nanotechnology education. This study examined the determinants of awareness levels of physics teachers about Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (NSNT) in senior secondary schools. The study was guided by five research hypotheses. The adopted descriptive survey design was carried out in forty-one secondary schools in four local government area of Oyo metropolis in Oyo State. Out of which twenty-two were public secondary schools and nineteen were private secondary schools. One physics teacher was selected from each school. Data was collected using a questionnaire titled Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Awareness Questionnaire (NSNTAQ) and presented using frequency counts, simple percentage and chi-square. The findings of the study reveal that: majority of the participants have awareness about Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and the level of awareness of the participants was independent on their genders, age, qualification, working experience, and the type of school that they are working. It is strongly recommended comrehensive in-service training for physics teachers for sustainability of the good awareness, exposure and knowledge if Nanoscience and Nanotechnology is to be included in the curriculum.
Keywords: Awareness, Teacher, Nanoscience, Experience, Schools, Qualification.
Status of Sports Coaching and Availability of Sports Facilities and Equipment in Secondary Schools in Delta State
Nwabuwe, Sunday Nathaniel; & Peter O. Oboh, PhD
Science Education Department, Human Kinetics and Sports Science, University of Delta, Agbor, Delta State.
This study investigated the status of sports coaching and the availability of sports facilities and equipment in high schools in Delta. It was about human resources development, the position of sports educators, the equipment and equipment problems of secondary schools in the country. It was a management report that included a descriptive survey investigating variables after the fact. The researchers have enerated three research questions that guide the study. The subjects were all physical education and health teachers at Delta’s state public secondary school. 177 PE teachers from 359 Delta Public Secondary Schools were selected by simple random sampling. The data collected was collated and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Surveys show that sports coaching in Delta is poor, especially in high schools in Delta, where quality facilities and equipment are lacking. Therefore, above all, it is recommended that governments, PTAs, and elderly boys / girls should endeavor to provide secondary schools with high quality sports facilities and equipment to increase the productivity of education / learning and coaching. rice field. Improvement. Given the dynamic nature of the sports world, we conclude that the development of sustainable human capital has the potential to foster a vibrant foundation of sport excellence through coaching. It was attached.
Keywords – Sports, Coaching, Secondary Education, Development Strategy, Facilities, Equipment.
Relationship between Human Resource Management and Teachers’ Job Performance in FCT Secondary Schools Abuja
Yakubu Sani Ph.D; Dr. Uwaleke, Gladys Chinelo; & Dr. Peter Emakpor Chuks
Nasarawa State University, Keffi. Nigeria, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Management
The study assessed the relationship between ‘human resource management and teachers’ job performance in FCT secondary schools Abuja. The study was guided by four objectives with four research questions and hypotheses. The research design used for this study was the cross-sectional survey research design. The total population of the study consisted of 4,014 teachers obtained from all the public secondary schools in Abuja. The sample size of the study was obtained using census sampling technique and it consisted of 983 respondents. The researcher’s self-developed instrument called ‘Questionnaire on the Human Resource Management and Teacher Job Performance (QHMTJP) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated and it yielded 0.68 as the validity index. The instrument was pilot tested on 20 teachers and the reliability index of 0.75 was obtained. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while Pearson’s product moment correlation was used to test all the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The major findings of the study indicated that there is a significant relationship between human resource planning practice and teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in FCT Abuja, there is a significant relationship between staff compensation practice and teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in FCT Abuja, there is a significant relationship between staff development practice and teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in FCT Abuja and there is a significant relationship between staff discipline practice and teachers’ job performance in secondary schools in FCT Abuja. One of the three recommendations was that the FCT Secondary Education Board should mandate all secondary schools in Abuja to strictly adhere to the board’s recruitment policy to avoid shortage of teachers that hinder effective teaching in the secondary school system.
Keywords: Human Resource Management, Staff Compensation, Staff Development, Staff Discipline and Teachers Job Performance.
Colleges of Education Science Students Awareness of E-Books in Sciences for Learning in Kaduna State Nigeria
Peter Joy Abosede1; & Fadipe B. Michael2,
Department of Educational Foundations, Veritas University Abuja1. Department of Science Education, Veritas University Abuja2
E-Books are available electronic learning materials that give users the benefits to; retain, reuse, revise, remix, and redistribute for teaching, learning, and research purposes. Over reliance on hardcopy handout, inadequate e-library facilities, and inadequate exposure to electronic resources among others are factors militating against efficient use of e-books. Hence, this study investigated the Colleges of education science students awareness, of e-books in for learning in Kaduna State Nigeria. Specifically, the study: determined COE science students awareness of e-books for learning, A descriptive research design of the survey type was adopted for the study. One research questions was used in-line with the purpose of the study, 398 respondents were randomly sampled from two colleges of education in Kaduna State. Frequency and percentage were used to answer the research question, Findings of the study revealed that College of education students were aware of e-books for learning and it was recommended that, orientation program should be organized for students in th school on how to download e-books.
Keywords: E-Books, Science, Learning, Awareness.
Information Resources Acquisition and Utilisation as Correlates of Enhanced Learning Ability of Secondary School Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) In North-Central, Nigeria
Daniel Joro; & Dr. S. A. Onwukanjo
Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
The study investigated information resources acquisition and utilisation as correlates of enhanced learning ability of secondary school students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in North-central, Nigeria. The research was guided by three (3) research questions and four (4) research hypotheses. Total enumeration research design was adopted for the study. The target population of the study was one hundred and one (101) teachers as the respondents from nine (9) Autistic schools in North-central, Nigeria. Split half Pilot study was conducted in three (3) different Autistic schools with thirty (30) copies of questionnaire being administered for reliability test, Cronbach Alpha formular was used to validate the research instrument and 0.87 was obtained depicting that the instrument was reliable to be used. The data collection instrument used for this study was structured questionnaire. One hundred and one (101) copies of the questionnaire were distributed in nine (9) Autistic schools but only eighty five (85) copies of the questionnaire were filled correctly, returned and were found useable for the analysis. Descriptive statistic, inferential statistics of Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) and multiple regressions were used to analyse the data. The null hypotheses formulated to guide the study were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed significant relationship between acquisition of information resources and enhanced learning ability of students with ASD (r = 0.397, P<0.05) was positively skewed, indicating a very low relationship and the hypotheses were rejected. The result showed significant relationship between information resources utilisation and enhanced learning ability of students with ASD (r = 0.189, P<0.05) was positively skewed, indicating a very low relationship and the hypotheses were rejected. The study concluded that information resources acquisition and utilisation utilisation improves the learning ability of ASD students. The study recommended that government, educational institutions, school libraries and non-governmental organisation should regularly collaborate to create awareness about autism and support autistic students morally and financially to ensure the children with autism reach their full potentials because some of the autistic children could possess savant skills.
Keywords: Acquisition of Information resources, Utilisation, Learning Ability, Cognitive skills, School Library.
Flexible Learning System as a Tool for Improving the Quality of Instructional Delivery in the 21st Century Business Education Programme in Tertiary Institutions in Anambra State
Nwosu, Ngozi Loretta
Department of Technology and Vocational Education, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria
The study determine the role of the flexible learning system in improving the quality of instructional delivery in the 21st-century business education programme in tertiary institutions. two research questions guided the study and one hypothesis was tested at .05 level of significance. The descriptive research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 109 business educators. A structured questionnaire that was validated by three experts was used to collect data for the study. The application of Cronbach Alpha on the data collected yielded a coefficient values of.82 and.88 for clusters 1 and 2 with an overall reliability coefficient of .85. mean, standard deviation and t-test were used to analyze data for the study. Findings revealed that that flexible learning system would help in improving the quality of instructional delievery in business education in tertiary institutions in Anambra State because it facilitates increased access to business education programme and allows students to determine the sequence of content according to their desire among others. Findings also showed that clearly identifying the objectives of the flexible learning course and ensuring that assessment is aimed to transfer student’s newly constructed knowledge to learners’ future learning through sharing their work with their peers and the instructor are some of the strategies for enhancing the use of flexible learning system for improving the quality of instructional delivery in the 21st-century business education programme in tertiary institutions in Anambra State. Business educators did not differ in their mean ratings based on the years of experience. The researcher recommended among others that tertiary institution administrators should support the implementation of flexible learning systems because it is an excellent chance to rethink teaching and learning and harness technology to modify old-fashioned paradigms for educating students for the future.
Keywords: Flexible Learning, Quality, Instructional Delivery, 21st Century, Business Education
Effects of Formative Assessment and Guidance Counseling Strategy on Mathematics Achievement of Junior Secondary Schools Students in Nasarawa Eggon LGA of Nasarawa State, Nigeria
Dr. Salihu Abdullahi Galle1; Dr. (Mrs) Iya Haruna Ayuba2; & Zainab Sa’ad Musa3
1Educational Research, Measurement & Evaluation Unit, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 2Guidance and Counseling Department, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 3Educational Administration &Planning Department, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria
This study investigated effects of formative assessment and guidance counseling strategy on Mathematics achievement of junior secondary school students in Nasarawa Eggon LGA of Nasarawa State, Nigeria Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study, and a quasi-experimental research design involving pre-test, post-test control group was employed. The population for the study consisted of all 5,343 JSS II students that offered Mathematics 2021/2022 academic season and 125 students were used as sample size of the study through random sample technique. 40 multiple-choice items entitled ‘‘Mathematics Achievement Test’’ (MAT) and Mathematics Interest Inventory were used as an instruments for data collection. MAT and MII were validated and yielded a 0.88 and 0.78 validity indexes, and the KR-21 statistics was used to determine the reliability of internal consistency of MAT which yielded a 0.86 reliability index and 0.76 reliability index for MII through Cronbach Alpha statistics. Mean was used to answered the research questions while ANCOVA was used to test hypotheses at the 0.05 level of significance. The findings of this study revealed that, there was a statistically significant difference in the mean achievement scores of students taught Mathematics using FAS, GCS and those in CTM and there was a statistically significant difference in the mean interest scores of students taught Mathematics using FAS, GCS and those in CTM. Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were raised: Nasarawa State Ministry of Education should formulate policies that will mandate Mathematics teachers to use formative assessment strategy (FAS) and guidance counseling strategy (GCS) to enhance students’ interest and academic achievement in teaching Mathematics and organize workshop/seminar to educate Mathematics teachers on how to use teaching strategies.
Keywords: Formative Assessment, Guidance Counseling, Mathematics, Achievement, Interest
Optical Board as an Artificial Technology for a Peer Teaching Class in a Nigerian University
*Associate Professor Azidah Abu Ziden; & **Dr Adu Ifedayo Emmanuel
*Universiti Sains Malaysia **Department of Educational Technology Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology Ikere Nigeria
This study investigated the optical board as an artificial technology for peer teaching in a Nigeria university. A design and development research (DDR) design was adopted, which entailed the planning and testing of instructional design models adopted to produce the optical board. This research population involved twenty-five (25) peer teaching students at a Nigerian university consisting of theatre arts, religion and language education related discipline. Also, using random sampling technique this study selected eight (8) students to work on the optical board. Besides, this study introduced a research instrument titled lecturer assessment rubric containing a 30-mark metrics for evaluating student’s teaching with the optical board. In this study it was discovered that the optical board affords students acquisition of self-employment skills through their exposure to the peer teaching course, which is a teacher training module in Nigerian universities. It is evident in this study that students were able to coordinate their design and effectively develop the optical board without lecturer’s interference. This kind of achievement in this research shows that the Nigerian university curriculum had been designed with contents meant to spur students to create jobs after graduation and effective implementation of the readily available curriculum contents is enough to imbue students with the needed entrepreneurial skills. It was recommended that the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) must discourage poor implementation of Nigeria university curriculum and invest more in the betterment of the readily available curriculum instead of considering a synonymously acclaimed new curriculum for regurgitated teaching and learning process.
Keywords: Optical board, Artificial technology, Peer teaching, Educational technology, Nigeria, Malaysia, University, Glass, Wood, Electrical, Improvisation.
Teacher Commitment and Students’ Academic Achievement in Nasarawa State Secondary Schools, Nigeria
*Dr. Uwaleke, Gladys Chinelo; *Yakubu Sani Ph.D; & **Joel Charity Mildred
*Nasarawa State University, Keffi. Nigeria, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Management. **Bingham University, Karu Nasarawa State, Nigeria, Registry Department
The study assessed the ‘influence of teacher commitment and students’ academic achievement in Nasarawa State secondary schools. The study was guided by three objectives with three research questions and hypotheses. The research design used for this study was the cross-sectional survey research design. The total population of the study consisted of 5605 subjects obtained from all the 253 public secondary schools in Nasarawa State. The sample size of the study was obtained using census sampling technique and it consisted of 1096 respondents. The researcher’s self-developed instrument called “Questionnaire on Teacher Commitment and Students’ Academic Achievement (QTCSAA)” was used for data collection. The instrument was validated and it yielded 0.75 as the validity index. The instrument was pilot tested on 20 teachers and the reliability index of 0.70 was obtained. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while Chi-square statistic was used to test all the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The major findings of the study indicated that The findings of hypothesis one in table 6 indicated that teacher workload has low significant influence on students’ academic achievement in Nasarawa State secondary schools, there is a low a significant influence of health care services on students’ academic achievement in Nasarawa State secondary schools and teacher workload has low significant influence on students’ academic achievement in Nasarawa State secondary schools. The study recommended among others that the the Nasarawa Ministry of Education should empoy more teachers to match with the number of students to avoid the issue of allocating more workload to teachers that prevent them from being committed in undertaking their assigned responsibilities diligently to improve the academic achievement of students in secondary schools in the state.
Keywords: Teacher, Commitment, Passion, Workload, Motivation and Students Academic Achievement.
Issues of Unmarried Cohabitation among Higher Institution Students
Adeyemo, S.O; Ofomata, A.I.O. (Mrs); & Duruojinkeya Prisca (Mrs)
Maths and Statistics Department, Federal Polytechnic, Nekede, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.
This study examined the issues of unmarried cohabitation among higher institution students in Nigeria. Federal Polytechnic, Nekede, Owerri, Imo State was used as a case study. The study aimed at determining incidence of cohabitation, the demographic predictors of cohabitation among the students, the factors responsible for cohabitation among the students, the attitude of students towards cohabitation among the students as well as the effects of cohabitation on academic performances of the students. A structured questionnaire was administered for the purpose of data collection. A sample of five hundred (500) students was randomly selected from the six schools/faculties of the institution. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics with the aid of SPSS. The study revealed that cohabitation among student is persistently high, cohabitation is common among ND2 and HND1 students; female students were more open to talk about their cohabitation status. Reasons students cohabit include lack of finances, accommodation challenges, peer influence, sexual satisfaction and intimacy. The study concluded that there is a decline in the academic performance of students while cohabiting. Students are also aware of the dangers of cohabitation and are intentional about it.
Keywords: Issues, Unmarried, Cohabitation, Higher Institution, Students.
Library Automation in Providing Reference Services in Some two (2) Selected Polytechnic Libraries North-Eastern States of Nigeria
Daniel Mathew Marke; & Raymond Andrew Waziri
Library Department, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State
This study was considered to explore the picture of library automated reference service in some two (2) selected Polytechnic libraries in North East Nigeria. A quantitative research design using a descriptive survey method was used and a five (5) point liker-type questionnaire was employed. Evidence was also gathered through semi-structured interviews with reference librarians in the selected Polytechnics. Data presented were analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequencies counts, percentages and the tables The findings revealed that the level of library automation system in terms of reference service in the two (2) selected Polytechnics involved were not implemented. Based on the findings, upgrading of library technology tools and partial implementation of library automation of reference service were recommended.
Keywords: Information Communication Technology (ICT); Library Automation; Reference services; Library Service; Nigeria.
Attitudes of Oyo State College of Education Students to the use of English and Yoruba Languages
*Odekunbi, Sunday Kehinde; & **Oyeniyi, Fagbenga Agoro
*Department of English, School of Languages, Oyo State College of Education, Lanlate. **Department of Yoruba, School of Languages, Oyo State College of Education, Lanlate.
The study examined the attitudes of Oyo State College of Education, Lanlate students to the use of English and Yoruba languages in and outside the classroom. Forty students from each of the six schools in the college, which cut across all the levels, making a total of two hundred and forty students were randomly selected as the population for the study. A self-designed 15-item questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents and descriptive design was used for the analysis. The findings revealed that even when most of the students prefer the use of Yoruba to perform most of their activities in the classroom to cover their deficiencies in English, their attitude to English is extremely positive. They do most of their activities outside the class either in English or through the use of code-mixing and they admire those who speak English competently. It is believed that the study will benefit not only the teachers and the students but also the government.
Keywords: Attitude, Positive, English and Yoruba, Oyo State College of Education, Lanlate.
Application of Python Programming Language in the Implementation of Low Voltage Electrical Appliances: Implications to Nigeria Computer Education Curriculum
Department of Computer Science, School of Science, FCT College of Education, Zuba, P.M.B. 61, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria.
The resolution of societal issues is required for the development of a society, which can be accomplished by developing, promoting, and improving education and information. Energy prices have been rising in tandem with societal demand. In this age of technological advancement, particularly in ICT, several systems have been developed to control and conserve the amount of electricity used in our homes, offices, and communities while also preventing disasters. Nigeria’s educational system is constantly upgrading and updating the curriculum to meet global standards, necessitating the need to ensure that what students learn in class is actually put into practice. In light of these considerations, the focus of this research was on Developing and Implementing a Home Electrical Appliances Control System, which is a method of controlling electrical appliances in the home. The goal of the project was to control the ON and OFF times and states of household electrical equipment. To control each electrical device, an Arduino Nano was incorporated into the design and programmed to work in tandem with a mobile application. The system was tested and found to be functional in accordance with the specifications required by tertiary institutions curriculum most especially Students undergoing computer science course in Nigeria Tertiary Institutions to acquire the required skills and knowledge in the curriculum’s programming language
Keywords: Appliances, Arduino, Curriculum, Implication, Institution.
Assessment of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Usage by Cultural and Creative Art Teachers in Secondary Schools in Kogi State, Nigeria
Fine and Applied Art Department, Federal College of Education, Okene, Kogi State
Education in the 21st Century is not without challenges, however, with these challenges, if Information and Communication Technology is wholesomely integrated into the education system, ranging from the elementary schools to the tertiary levels, much will be given to the learners and the society at large. Education in arts as it stands is one of the numerous areas that require the use or manipulation of ICT especially as almost all human endeavors are shrouded under the use of technology. The adoption of ICT in teaching creative art in secondary schools in Kogi State has been an issue that needs to be addressed for the sake of knowledge delivery. Findings revealed that; most of the CCA teachers in Kogi State do not have basic ICT resources such as internet and computers at their disposal for teaching. It was recommended in this study that; there should be provision of ICT resources such as computers, internet services and ICT enabled art studio.
Keywords: Assessment, Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Usage, Teachers, Secondary Schools.
Effects of Covid-19 on Academic Performance: Analysis of Physics Students in Secondary Schools, Yola North, Adamawa State, Nigeria
Ishiyaku Abubakar Mbela¹; Luka Iliya Gaya¹; & Jackson Karniliyus²
¹Physics Department, Federal College of Education, Yola. ²Physics Department Adamawa State College of Education, Hong
The research was carried out with four objectives which include to: To examine the effects of Covid 19 on Students academic performance. Examine the extent to which Covid 19 affects students learning. The level of student’s awareness on covid 19. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The population of the study is made up of one hundred and fifty respondents who were selected from senior secondary school with Yola North Adamawa State. The instrument used for data collection is questionnaire. The data of the respondents was analyzed using simple percentage calculated form. The study revealed that the entire research question stated were found to be acceptable level based on the calculated grand mean of 2.50. The study concludes that going to school is the best public policy in developing skills and potentials of children, school time can be fun, even a relatively short time in school has a longer impact in the life of a child; a short period of missed school may have consequences for skill growth in future. This is why we cannot estimate how much the COVID-19 interruption will affect learning; it is only the visible effect we can see; the gradual decay of inbuilt abilities may not be easily noticed very precisely. The study recommended that: Federal government of Nigeria and policymakers to distribute electronic tablets preloaded with e-textbooks in these subject areas to students’ and their teachers in order to facilitate online learning as this will enhance their performance in all subjects in this year’s national examination. Students should add extra effort in their studies in order to cover up what they lose during the pandemic. Adequate Covid 19 guidelines should be put in appropriate places in order to help in sensitizing the students.
Keywords: Covid-19, Academic, Performance, Physics Students, Secondary Schools.
Influence of Gender, Self-Efficacy and Motivation on Students’ Achievement in Physical and Health Eduction in Bichi Educational Zone
Federal College of Education (T) Bichi P.M.B. 3734, Physical and Health Education Department FCE (T) Bichi, Kano State, Nigeria.
This, study examined the influence of gender, self-efficacy and motivation on students’ achievement in Physical and health education. Three research questions were raised to guide the study, the researcher employed a survey research descriptive design. The population for the study consists of major government or state owned both male and female schools within Bichi educational zone in Kano State. 5518 students in the junior secondary schools in the zone were targeted. The sample size for this study was five hundred and fifty-one (551) students in ten junior secondary schools offering physical and health education at JSS level sampling by balloting methods. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire with 5point Likert scale whose reliability was 0.729. Mean, standard deviation and t-test techniques were used to analyze the data. The findings showed that the female students had higher achievement scores than the male students but there was no significant difference in the obtained mean scores. The influence of motivation helped boys to work harder in both field, track and some indoor games than the girls when they have creative teachers with positive influence on self-efficacy. It was recommended that teachers should use improve method of teaching that motivate students in their rate of assimilation. Government should provide infrastructural facilities for field, tracks and other indoor games with forth filed furniture’s, books and laboratory equipment. Schools should publish annual reports of academic achievements of outstanding performance of students according to their level.
Keywords: Gender, Self-efficacy, Students’ Achievement, Physical and health Education
Evaluating Students’ Code-Switching Use in Yobe State Tertiary Institutions
Chukwuemeka Christian Okorie
Department of General and Remedial Studies, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State
This study evaluates learners’ use of code-switching, and highlights the motivations and triggering factors that necessitate it among students in the teaching and learning process. The data for the study were elicited from one hundred and eighty (180) students in three higher institutions in Yobe state of Nigeria. Sixty (60) students, who are from different disciplines and different ethnic groups in Nigeria, were selected from each school. The data were presented and analysed using charts and simple percentages. The findings show that code-switching is a common practice in multilingual classrooms and is triggered by different factors, which include the need to maintain fluency in communication and to reduce stress and anxiety associated with classroom learning. The study concludes that code-switching is purposeful and related to pedagogical goals, and improves learners’ classroom performance and experience.
Keywords: Code-switching, Learning, Classroom, Higher Education, Language of Instruction.
Teaching Functions in the Context of ELT: An Overview of Tense
Hannatu Fibemi Makka
School of Business Management and Technology, Department of General Studies, English Unit, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State.
This paper focuses on teaching functions of absolute tenses in addition to forms and meanings in the context of English Language Teaching (ELT). There is need to incorporate teaching functions of tense instead of teachers to concentrate on forms and meanings only. Observations indicate that L2 learners face too many challenges in respect of reasons or specific functions for using linguistic elements such as absolute tense. For instance, “will” is mostly taught to be future tense marker and it simply tells us about the action which is to take place in the future. However, if the language practitioners limit the teaching of English tenses on only form and meaning, it is tantamount to damaging the integrity of the communication due to inadequate linguistic competence for the various functions the absolute tenses perform. So using the form of language such as “will” and other absolute tenses could be difficult. Therefore, teaching English tense is not all about focusing on forms and meanings only but functions should also be inclusive. The method employs in this work is secondary which depends on sources of information from journals, textbooks, seminars and e-materials. The result unveils that teaching absolute tense with more focus on functions is quite significant since it demonstrates why each form of tense is used in English. This paper intends to equip practitioners, researchers, L2 learners, curriculum developers and any interesting individual or organisation with the idea of functions for teaching or using absolute tenses in English.
Keywords: Teaching, L2 learners, Tense, Absolute tense, Timelines, PPP method.
Using Path Analysis for Determining Parental Involvement on Child Academic Performance in Nigeria
*Yahya Umar Magaji, Ph.D; & **Aisha Ahmed Hamman
*Department of Educational Psychology, Federal College of Education, Yola. **Department of Curriculum and Instructions, Federal College of Education, Yola.
The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of parental involvement on child academic performance in Nigeria. The study use path analysis model to test the hypothesis. Independent variables were parental educational level, age of parent, income of parents, house hold size, and parental interest in child education, while child ambition index, school participation, motivation to learning as well as quality of school served as intervening variable. The child class performance is dependent variable. Target population were, 100 parents as participants and 10 private nursery and primary schools in Yola south local government area. Simple random sampling techniques was used in selecting the parents and 10 private nursery and primary school selected purposively. Then the data was collected through questionnaires for parent and child evaluation checked. The data for the study was computed and analyzed using Statistical package of social Science (SPSS) programme. Based on the research findings, the result shows that parental involvement in the child education significantly influence child performance. This study has contributed the need for parent to be involved actively in the education of their children. Parent should have full involvement in their children education, thereby providing some means to cater for the children daily needs, Parent should give maximum financial support to their children to enhance their educational services, School administrators and teachers should endeavor to create a welcoming school involvements, such as inviting parents during open days and of holding PTA meetings regularly, should be vigorously pursued.
Keywords: Parental Involvement, Academic Performance, Child Education, Quality of School, and Child Ambition.
Relevance of Utilizing Problem Based Learning in Teaching Senior Secondary School Islamic Studies
Department of Curriculum & Instruction, School of Education, A.D.Rufa’i College of Education, Legal & General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State
This paper explores relevance of Problem Based Learning in teaching Senior Secondary School Islamic studies. The background upon which the paper was built was presented and scholarly/authoritative definitions of Problem Based Learning; models of Problem Based Learning; similarities and differences between the three models; characteristics of Problem Based Learning; strengths and weaknesses of Problem Based Learning; relevance of using Problem Based Learning in teaching Senior Secondary School Islamic studies and classroom application of Problem Based Learning in teaching Senior Secondary School Islamic studies curriculum were presented. Subsequently, It was concluded that Problem based Learning is quiet relevant in teaching Senior Secondary School Islamic studies must especially ‘fiqh’(Islamic jurisprudence) aspect of the subject and if effectively implemented, Problem Based Learning will help our youth develop critical thinking ability which in turn able them to be solving real life problems that we are facing in our communities. Lastly, it was suggested among others that Islamic studies teachers should be employing Problem Based Learning in order to help our youth acquire critical thinking ability; well qualified and professional teachers should be employed so as to be able to be employing the Problem Based Learning strategy in teaching.
Keywords: Relevance, Problem Based Learning, teaching, Senior Secondary School, Islamic studies.
Assessing the Effects of Mediated Glosses on Vocabulary Retention and Comprehension with L2 Learners of English Language in Higher Institutions
Dahiru Musa Abdullahi
English Language Programme, School Of General Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State.
This study tries to investigate the Effectiveness of Mediated Glosses for Vocabulary Development in term of Understanding and Retention. Previous Research has found that on line glosses improve information access Comprehension, Vocabulary Retention and Efficiency with the Second Learner of English Language. Participants were drawn from different schools within the Polytechnic, as L2 learners of vocabulary items via Mediated Glosses generated higher effects possible explanation of the finding were discussed extensively. The study reveals evidence on the affordances provide by call in vocabulary recognition and productions among L2 learners. It also suggests process that could enhance teaching and motivate learning in the ESL classroom.
Keywords: Mediated glosses, Vocabulary gain, Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL), Second Language Learner L2, Synchronous, Asynchronous