HARVARD INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (HAJASD)
VOL.12 (2) JUNE, 2020 EDITIONS. ISSN: 0081 – 3998
HARVARD RESEARCH AND PUBLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL,
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Centre for African Development Studies, Federal Ministry of Education, Abuja,
Copyright © 2020 Harvard Research and Publications International
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DEVELOPMENT OF BIRTH RECORDS AND BIRTH RATE MONITORING APP FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY
NEKABARI-UEDEME, L. F. & AMANNAH, C.I.
1&2Department of Computer Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Over half of Nigerian children are born at home rather than hospitals where their births could have been registered. It is disheartening to note that most births are not registered especially in rural areas where there are little or no health facilities with functional birth registration system. The aim of the study was to develop birthrate monitoring system. To achieve this aim, the study set as its objectives to; ascertain the birth record system of the understudied hospitals, develop a platform for birth information, design a module that computes birth statistics and to integrate the birth information platform with the birth statistics module. The Rapid Application Development (RAD) was used to develop the study. The Object-Oriented Analysis and Design Methodology (OOAaD) was used to analyze and design this system. The Hyper-Preprocessor (PHP) and MYSQL were used as tools to implementing the system. The MYSQL was used to develop a centralized web-based database. Birth rate monitoring information system was developed. The system was tested and deployed. The result showed that using the proposed system makes data entry and information retrieval easier and simple compared to the existing system.
Keywords: App, Development, Birth, Birth rate, Monitoring
EXTENT OF ACADEMIC STAFF ACCESSIBILITY OF TETFUND INTERVENTION PROGRAMMES FOR TODAY AND TOMORROW’S ADMINISTRATION OF UNIVERSITIES IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA
*EZUGOH, THEODORAH CHINELO AND **OFOJEBE, W.N. (Ph. D)
*School of Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba, P.M.B 1044, Asaba, Delta State **Department of Educational Management and Policy, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State
The inefficiency and quality of most academic staff which seems questionable, worrisome and continues to raise alarm for provision of quality education at the universities in the country has led to the present study determination of the extent of academic staff accessibility of TETFund intervention programmes for administration of universities in Anambra State, Nigeria. Six research questions guided this present study. The descriptive survey research design was employed in the study. Population for the study comprised all the 5,791 academic staff of two universities (Federal & State) in Anambra State, Nigeria. Sample size of this study constituted a total of 579 academic staff from the two universities selected using stratified random sampling technique. A 29-item questionnaire titled: “Extent of Academic Staff accessibility of TETFund Intervention Programmes Questionnaire (EASATIPQ)”, personally developed by the researchers served as the instrument for data collection. This research instrument was validated by three experts; two from the Department of Educational Management and Policy, and one Measurement and Evaluation expert from the Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State. Reliability of the research instrument was determined through a pilot test, and the scores obtained were computed using Cronbach Alpha statistics which gave an overall internal consistency reliability value of 0.87, showing that the instrument was reliable. Data were analyzed using mean scores and standard deviation rated at 2.50. The findings of the study revealed the extent to which academic staff accessed the various TETFund intervention programmes that were investigated. The findings of the study revealed that the extent of academic staff accessibility of TETFund intervention programmes such as TETFund Academic Staff Training and Development (AST&D) intervention programmes, Academic Research Journal Publication (ARJ), conferences and seminars, TETFund Academic Manuscript Development (AMD), Institutional Based Research (IBR) and TETFund National Research Grants (NRG) intervention programmes for administration of universities in Anambra State, Nigeria, were all to a low extent. It was however recommended among others that University personnel like the Vice Chancellor, TETFund director in the institution likewise the academic staff should receive constant training and retraining on their capacity to assess the Academic Staff Training and Development (AST&D) intervention programmes to a high extent which is necessary for effective administration of universities in Anambra State, Nigeria.
Keywords: Extent, Academic staff, Accessibility, TETFund, Intervention, Programmes, Today, Tomorrow, Administration, Universities
ON THE PARAMETERIZATION OF THE PRECISE VALUES OF THE INTRA-COMPETITION COEFFICIENTS A SPECIFIC POLLUTANT IN PORT-HARCOURT METROPOLIS USING THE METHOD OF P-VECTOR NORM. (PART TWO: THE PRECISE VALUE THE INTRA-COMPETITION COEFFICIENT OF THE POLLUTANT PM10)
1U.A. EKABA; 2I.M. ABRAHAM; 3R.E. AKPODEE;
1,2Institute of Geosciences and Space Technology, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt Nigeria. 3Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt Nigeria.
In modeling the impact of pollutants level on environmental variables, the method of ODE45 numerical simulation was used to obtain the precise value of the intra-competition coefficient of a specific pollutant level 10 gases in Port-Harcourt metropolis using the P-vector norm parameter estimation. The effect of the P-vector on the intra-competition on several values of the carrying capacity hereby called the saturated values were recorded as there was a sudden change from a monotone decreasing sequence to an increasing monotonic sequence of the p-norms values behavior and the value observed were this sudden change occur has a unique character as all the norms are all least in values. The precise value of the intra-competition parameter value obtained from this study is given as β= 0.006764137931034. The full novel results that we have obtained have not been seen elsewhere: these have been presented and discussed in this study.
Keywords: Dynamical System, Parameter Estimation, P-vector norm, Environmental Variable.
LAND USE LAND COVER ANALYSIS AND PREDICTION USING REMOTE SENSING AND GIS IN MINNA, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA.
JIYA SOLOMON NDACE
Department of Geography, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, PMB 11, Lapai, Niger State Nigeria.
Mapping land use changes at regional scale is necessary for wide range of environmental hazard risk such as erosion, and flooding. The rapid growth and changes affect the environment either directly or indirectly. The purpose of this research is to make use of classified land cover information of Landsat imageries over 30years period (1996-2016) then, using forecasting function in excel to predicts and stimulate trends of LULC changes during the period of 1996 to 2016 and a future land cover changes of 2036. The result of the research identifies continues growth of developed area from 34.7ha in 1996 to 142.78ha the predicted change value while vegetation, water body and rock outcrop decrease from 299.9ha, 74.8ha, 23.4ha to -20.16ha and 0.84ha respectively in the predicted year of 2036. From the findings, it is being concluded that prediction forecasting is capable of handling future environmental issue regarding the vulnerability status of our immediate environment. Therefore, afforestation and encouraging creation of green zone in every community in the study to ensure the minimization of decrease in vegetation.
Keywords: Land use, Land cover, Mapping, Remote sensing, Environment.
DETERMINANTS OF CROP OUTPUTS AMONG WOMEN FARMERS’ PARTICIPANT IN DEVELOPMENT EXCHANGE CENTRE (DEC) MICROCREDIT OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA.
BD. Adamu and Michael H.Y
1Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture,National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) 91, Cadastral Zone, University Village, Nnamdi Azikiwe Express Way, Jabi, Abuja, Nigeria.
This study was conducted to determine the crop outputs among women farmers in Development Exchange Centre Microcredit of Kaduna state, Nigeria. The study utilized primary data collected through a questionnaire administered to 420 respondents (210 DEC participants and 210 non-participants) were selected using purposive and random sampling procedures. Data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics, Z-test and Logit regression model. The result of the Logit regression showed that age, education, farm size, labour, farm inputs and extension contact were significantly related to the crop outputs of the women farmers. This implies that a unit increase in these variables will likely increase the crop outputs of the respondents.The calculated Z-statistic was 14.7 but at 0.01 level of significance, the critical table value of Z is ±1.96. Since the calculated Z-value (14.7) is greater than the Z-critical or Z- tabulated value, it implied that there was significant difference in the mean crops output of beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries. The estimated mean crops output of beneficiaries was much higher than that of non-beneficiaries, (437,807.1Kg) as against (145,571.43Kg). The estimated mean income of beneficiaries (₦701,379.70) was discovered to be greater than the estimated mean income of non- beneficiaries (₦224,131.02). It is therefore recommended that DEC programme be extended to other farming communities in Kaduna State, so as to accelerate agricultural production and alleviate poverty among women farmers in Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Keywords: Determinant, Crop outputs, DEC Microcredit, Women farmers and Kaduna State.
ASSESSMENT OF WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS IN ZAMFARA STATE, NIGERIA
ADAMU SANUSI GAMBO (Ph.D) AND ABUBAKAR ADAMU KOTORKOSHI
Department of Local Government and Development Studies, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
This study assesses women participation in politics and the political process in Zamfara State, Nigeria. The study examines the relationships between educational attainment, economic and political empowerment and women participation. Literature relating to women participation and especially factors inhibiting them from participating in the political process were reviewed. Data was generated through primary and secondary sources. Thus questionnaires were distributed to sampled population and interviews were conducted. Similarly, articles, journals and other secondary sources of materials were explored. Findings from the study reveal that lack of economic empowerment, poor educational attainment and cultural practices are the major factors inhibiting women in Zamfara State from participating actively in the political process. Accordingly therefore, the study recommends among other things that in order to enhance women participation in the political process, the Government needs to come up with strategies that will empower the women both politically and economically. Similarly, outdated cultural practices which serve as a hindrance to women participation needs to be reviewed in line with existing realities.
Keywords: politic participation, women and political process.
DETERMINANTS OF CONTRACEPTIVE USE AMONG MARRIED WOMEN IN KOLOKUMA-OPOKUMA LGA OF BAYELSA STATE
AMANDA-OWEI W. FORSMAN (MSC)
Department of Human Kinetics, Health and Safety Education, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt.
This study investigated determinants of contraceptive use among married women in Kolokuma-Opokuma Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. The descriptive cross-sectional survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study consisted of all married women of child bearing age in Kolokuma-Opokuma Local Government Area of Bayelsa State. A simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample of four hundred participants for the study. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire and analyzed using simple percentage and binary logistic regression at 0.05level of significance. The finding of this study showed that 37.2% of the respondents discussed about contraceptive use with their spouse. The result of the binary logistics regression showed a significant relationship between spousal communication and contraceptive use (OR = 5.545): 95%CI = 3.183 – 7.829), a significant relationship between male involvement and contraceptive use (OR = 2.30: 95%CI = 1.292 – 4.168), a non-significant relationship between age and contraceptive use (B = -.156; B = -.270; B = -.808), a non-significant relationship between level of education and contraceptive use (B = -.156; B = -.656), a significant relationship between type of marriage and contraceptive use (OR = 5.568: 95%CI = 3.291 – 9.199) and a non-significant relationship between work status and contraceptive use (OR = 4.961: 95%CI = 2.00 – 7.832). It was concluded that there are factors that contributes immensely to the level of contraceptive use among married women of child bearing age. It was recommended amongst others that targeted, staged based information, education and communication intervention should be implemented by NGOs such as FHI -360, SFH, PPFN etc to change the knowledge and attitude of married men/women in family planning method.
Keywords: Determinants, Contraceptive, Married Women, Kolokuma-Opokuma, Bayelsa State
DETERMINATION OF CONSTRAINED FACTORS TOWARD ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA
1DR. U.O. UJIH, 2AGYE ADOKA IBRAHIM
Department of Environmental Sciences, Federal University, P.M.B. 7156, Dutse-Jigawa State, Nigeria Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa
This paper determined some constrained factors toward ecotourism development in Nasarawa State, Nigeria as a tool for sustainable. Five hundred (500) copies of questionnaires were administered to members of the communities orally. The study targeted mostly opinion of people of productive age (14-64). Purposive and accidental sampling methods were used to select samples. Firstly, purposive sample was used to select four (4) Local Government Areas. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics student t test was used to test for significant difference between those that had positive view(x) and those that had negative view (y) on ecotourism potential for: (i) economic, (ii) social and (iii) environmental sustainability. The results show that Nasarawa State offers a wide variety of potential tourism sites which include Farin Ruwa Waterfall, Hunki Lake and others. Community views of ecotourism potentials of Nasarawa State were assessed under the three major sectors of sustainable development namely economic, social and environmental. This suggests that local communities in Nasarawa State believed that tourism could enhance environmental sustainability in a long run. The results portrayed that inadequate community participation was the most recognized constrains to ecotourism development (86.5%) and that ecotourism development is capital intensive is the least recognized factor (49.5%). It was concluded that Nasarawa State offers a wide variety of potential ecotourism sites which the community believed could be a sustainable development tool if well planned, implemented and managed these sites in participatory manner. It was recommended among other things that tourism development should be encouraged and supported via participatory approach to achieve sustainable development.
Keywords: Community, economic, environmental, participation, sustainable development.
MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR CONTROLLING THE SPREAD OF MALARIA FEVER USING THERAPY/VACCINATION
ENAGI, A. I1 IBRAHIM M. O2. AND JIBRIN, I1
1Department of Mathematics, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B 65, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria. 2Department of Mathematics, University of Illorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.
A mathematical model for transmission dynamics and qualitative analysis of malaria fever was developed incorporating preventive therapy. The therapy was assumed to be given to human population only. The Disease Free Equilibrium States of the model was evaluated and analyzed for stability and was found to be asymptotically stable. The Basic reproduction number was also evaluated. The model equations were solved analytically using Homotopy Perturbation Method (HPM) and graphical profiles of each compartment was generated from the results using maple mathematical software. The results shows that Vaccination is likely to reduce the number of infected individuals as reduction in vaccination parameter () leads to high infection and its increase leads to low infection.
Keywords: Mathematical model, Malaria, Therapy/vaccination, Analytical Solution and Stability Analysis.
GOVERNMENT VIOLATION OF ACQUISITION RULES ON LANDS SCHEMED FOR PUBLIC PROJECTS IN SOME PART OF IMO STATE NIGERIA
*OKORONKWO, NDUKAUBA SUNDAY NWAFOR, PhD.; AND **MR. OHAEGBULEM, EMMANUEL.
*Dept. of Estate Management, Imo State University Owerri, (Principal Partner at Ndu-Okoronkwo and Company No. 17 MCC/Uratta Rd. Ikenegbu L/out Owerri Imo State) **Department of Statistics, Imo State University Owerri, Imo State Nigeria
Official negation of statutory rules for acquisition of land for public use recently by some government authorities is creating worrisome situation for individual real property owners. The trend manifested in the acquisition of the One hundred thousand (100,000) ton Grain Silo at Obinorie Ezinnacchi Okigwe Local Government Area and, the Modern Mechanic Village projects at Umuolo/Umuehieta Avu, Owerri West Local Government Area Imo State.. The Imo State Government deviated from granting adequate opportunities to claimants to properties and improvement on the two acquired sites proper access to statutory process to revocations of rights of occupancies, assessment of claims and payment of compensation for their improvements on the site. The data for the study were conducted by certified professional firms of Estate Surveyors and Valuers who proffered Alternative Approaches to establish heads of claims and sums presented on behalf of the claimants for compensation. Notwithstanding the professional ingenuity of the dully elected Attorneys presentation of genuine cases of claimable interests of their clients to the acquiring authority, out of the composite compensation sum of approximately Twenty million Naira (N20,000,000.00) only, submitted by the consultants to the government of Imo State Ten million Naira (N10,000,000.00) only, which is (50%) percent sum of the assessed total compensation sum was released to the accessed claimants. This actually neglected the presentations and refused the claimants payments of compensation for their properties damaged as a result of institution of the projects. This paper has recommended among other measures to tame the ailing chief executive officers of acquiring authority by devising specific training and proper enlightenment programs on the due process needs for matters bordering on land administration. Executive Declarations and Order should be made to compel ailing acquiring authorities to strictly comply to the statutory guidelines of the enabling Statutes on land administration in Nigeria; as well as empower any affected persons to employ initial soft resistance to the agents of any acquiring authority invading the real property of any intended affected property owner; and, express judicial injunction from court of competent jurisdiction restraining such acquiring authority from damaging the intended claimants’ properties without due processes being applied; while official law enforcement agencies should assist promptly to protect the interest of any intending affected individual that sought for their intervention..
Keywords: Violation, Lands Acquisition, Compensation Rules, Government Authority, Public Projects.
ADVERBS AND ADVERBIALS IN NGWA
NNEOMA FYNE UGORJI (PH.D)
Clifford University, Owerrinta, Abia State, Nigeria.
Ngwa is a dialect of Igbo. The word ‘Ngwa’ also refers to the people and the geo – political area known as Ngwa land. The Ngwa people are found in Abia State in the Federal republic of Nigeria. This paper examined adverbs and adverbials in Ngwa. Data for the study were obtained from competent native speakers using the elicitation method of oral interview, where the native speakers were requested to repeat some English sentences into Ngwa. As a native speaker of Ngwa, my intuition helped in the assessment of the data collected. The paper is poised to demonstrate the fact adverbs and adverbials in Ngwa are constrained in the syntactic position they occupy in Ngwa, to illustrate that some adverbials are formed by reduplication, and to show that adverb and adverbials can be given communicative prominence when used at sentence initial position. The framework employed for the presentation and analysis of data, is the x-bar theory. The x-bar framework provides the required base for the projection and movement of adverbs and adverbials in Ngwa. The findings of this paper on adverbs and adverbials are: that adverbs cannot be inflected in Ngwa. It was also found that there are some adverbs that are restricted in places where they occur. Finally the work has shown that adverbs and adverbials can be given communicative prominence when used at sentence initial position. This work recommends further research in the study of adverb and adverbials in Ngwa.
Keywords: adverbs, adverbials, fronting, Ngwa, and x-bar theory.
THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT IN SUB- SAHARA AFRICAN REGION.
1SAKARIYAU, JAMIU KAYODE; 2ESV OYELEKE, OYEDIRAN OLUFEMI; 3AJIBADE RASHEED KAYODE; 4JOAB, SAJE KUMO; & 5HAFSATU, JIDERE BALA
1Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi. Nigeria. 2Department of Physical Planning, Federal Polytechnic of Oil and Gas, Bonny Island, Rivers State, Nigeria. 3Department of Estate Management, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin, Kwara State. Nigeria. 4Department of Estate Management, School of Environmental Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 5Department of Estate Management, School of Environmental Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic is currently causing significant adverse impact on the global economy. The spread of COVID-19 is high and its impact on Africa is serious, given the continent’s exposure to China. The COVID-19 infection rates in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have remained modest so far. the total number of COVID-19 cases reported in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is close to 20,000, with around 500 fatalities as at the time of conducting this research. Virtually, all countries in SSA have already introduced containment measures. The governments of 15 Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries closed their airports, ports and land borders before any coronavirus cases had been confirmed, and by the end of March 2020, 44 Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries had closed their schools, banned public gatherings and put in place other social distancing measures; 11 countries declared a state of emergency. The extent to which these measures are and can be enforced in the region remains to be seen, However. OECD-like approaches to COVID-19 containment measures are not likely to prove effective for the poor and marginalized groups because of higher dependence by most households on daily income, insufficient government resources to compensate those affected by the containment measures and the difficulty of implementing social distancing in societies where social interaction is a matter of daily survival. As the effects of the COVID-19 are felt around the world, real estate investment are being impacted in many different ways, depending on region and asset class. In the near term, Investors are concerned with preserving value and liquidity, keeping tenants and visitors safe, and complying with the government agency requirements. In addition, tenants may be faced with liquidity pressures that result in deferring or ceasing contractual lease payments. Certain subsectors, such as hospitality, retail and developers will face more immediate impact while other subsectors, such as multifamily and non-traditional owners (cell towers, data centre) will likely face less immediate impact. Longer term, subsectors such as office and industrial could be impacted by changes in where people work and changes in supply chain. Finally, transaction volumes are expected to decrease in the near term but is expected to pick up during recovery and later phases. This paper assessed the impact of covid-19 on Real Estate Investment in Sub-Sahara Africa and develops policy recommendations that will likely mitigate the effects of COVID-19 in the short and medium term, and ensure the necessary continuation and reshaping of real estate investment given the region’s poverty and dependence on foreign markets..
Keywords: Sub-Sahara Africa, Sustainable development, Sustainable development Goals, Real Estate Investment, Covid-19 Pandemic.
EFFECT OF FINANCING DECISION ON THE PERFORMANCE OF LISTED CEMENT FIRMS IN NIGERIA
ZAINAB DABO Ph.D
Department of Business Administration, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Kaduna State
This study examines the influence of financing decisions on the performance of listed cement companies in Nigeria. This study adopted a correlational research plan because it establishes the relationship between the variables in the study. A correlational research design was adopted for the study. Data collection templates were used to collect secondary data from published accounts for the firms for both the dependent and independent variables. The multiple regression model was used in establishing whether the dependent variable, performance is affected by the independent variable, financial decision. The study found that WCD has a significant impact on the ROA, DD has a significant impact on the ROA and ID has a strong significant impact on the ROA. Based on the findings the study concludes that financial decision has a positive impact on the ROA of listed cement firms in Nigeria. Based on the findings and conclusion, the research recommends that listed cement firms can consider focusing on working capital decisions that support a balance between current assets and current liabilities or those that support more current asset to liabilities in order to record improved returns on assets and have investment decision that supports investment in fixed assets such as property, plant and machinery in order to enhance their returns on assets.
Keywords: Return on Assets; Dividend Policy; Working Capital; Financial Decision; Financial Performance.
EXPLORING THE ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF SMALL SCALE BUSINESSES IN NIGERIA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
NDIFE CHINELO FRANCA
Department of Business Administration, Federal Polytechnic, Oko.
The pertinent role of small scale businesses as a bedrock that drive and sustain development came to the fore when Nigeria adopted the policy of indigenization through its national development plan. The study explored the economic environmental performance of small scale businesses in Nigeria on sustainable development. Specifically, it ascertained the effect of high inflation rate on sustainable development; examined the effect of high exchange rate on sustainable development; and explore the effect of high interest rate on sustainable development. The study employed ex-post facto design and established an integrated model of economic environmental performance of small scale businesses in Nigeria on sustainable development from 1989-2019 through research objectives. Thus, the model used in this study is expressed in standalone variables and predictive model in regression form. Results revealed that; high inflation rate significantly affect sustainable development; high exchange rate significantly affects sustainable development; and high interest rate significantly affects sustainable development. The study recommended that the federal government of Nigeria should come up with economic policy and regulatory framework that will maintain low inflation rate that would improve the purchasing power of small scale enterprises as they will innovate, create and invent new things, products and services to stimulate productivity, which in turns, create resource-based economy and sustainability. In addition, increase her made in Nigeria products to improve her export earnings which would stabilize the exchange rate. More so, minimize high interest rate and collateral securities had made it difficult for small scale operators who may have viable business ideas to put it into use, due to dearth of capital.
Keywords: Exploring, Economic, Environmental Performance, Small Scale Businesses Sustainable Development
ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT, EMPLOYMENT GENERATION AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN NIGERIA: PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES
BAKLE SEKYEN KUMSHIN & TUAMYIL RUFINA BETZOOM
Department Of Business Education, Federal College Of Education, Pankshin
The aim of this paper is to examine the significance of policy formulation in entrepreneurship development in Nigeria as well as the importance of entrepreneurship in reducing the ever-growing rate of unemployment and poverty in Nigeria. The paper discovered that entrepreneurship is lacking in Nigeria due to certain challenges such as epileptic power supply, lack of genuine support for those intending to start up a business, lack of strong willed-power to take risk; all these and more inhibit entrepreneurship development and creates unemployment. The paper concludes that government policy on entrepreneurship should be more robust and that government should create conducive business environments to enhance entrepreneurship development and reduction in youth unemployment.
Keywords: development, economy, employment, environment, entrepreneurship, poverty
THE CONTRIBUTION OF RURAL TRANSPORT TO ACHIEVE THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALs: 21ST CENTURY IMPERATIVE
*OGUGUO FIDEL CHIBUOGWU & **ONYA, OGWU VICTORIA
*Department of Marketing, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo-Ohaji, Imo state Nigeria **Department of Accountancy/Business Administration, Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Ndufu Alike Ikwo, Ebonyi State.
This paper explores the contribution of rural transport in achieving sustainable development goals (SDGs) and fulfilling the promise of the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development to “leave no one behind”. Although there is no dedicated SDG target on rural access, there are numerous linkages between rural access and the SDGs. The objective is to provide an overview of sustainable development through promoting collaboration between different social actors to create an environment of peace and foster innovation and resilient infrastructure by creating communities and cities capable of producing and consuming in a sustainable way. Method used in developing this paper is built on qualitative and quantitative case studies analysis as well as developed a method involving national and local authorities, the formal and informal private sectors, NGOs and also sections of rural communities. Based on the findings which addressed that more funds should be allocated to local transport policies and projects, also through the integration of diverse funding. It is concluded that rural transport has enabled the transportation of farm produce to the market, especially the plantain, yam and garri, and also provided access to agricultural inputs which also enabled buyers and business men and women to access farms to buy the produce which resulted to sustainable agriculture and agribusiness. It is therefore recommended that transportation must be effective and efficient to enhance the standard of living and the Nation’s economy.
Keywords: sustainable development goals, rural transport, poverty alleviation, rural access, social exclusion.
SINGLY AND COMBINED EFFECTS OF DENNETTIA TRIPETALA POWDER AND REDUCED RATES OF PIRIMIPHOS-METHYL IN MANAGEMENT OF CALLOSOBRUCHUS MACULATUS (F.) (COLEOPTERA: BRUCHIDAE)
SIKIRU GBENGA.K., OLADEJO AFOLABI O. AND AYORINDE JAMES O.
Pest Management Department, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Plateau state
Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp), one of the grains that suffer postharvest losses most, is a warm season, annual, herbaceous legume. It suffers heavily from insects, both in the field and when grains are stored after harvest. Dennettia tripetala powder and reduced rates of pirimiphos-methyl dust were tested on cowpea against C. maculatus for their effective management. The study was conducted under ambient conditions of 250C – 280C and 65% – 75% relative humidity in the laboratory for a period of 3 months. Powder of D. tripetala and dust of pirimiphos-methyl were tested sole at 0.4g and 0.1g per 20g of cowpea seeds respectively while various combinations at 0.2g DT + 0.05g PM, 0.2g DT+ 0.025g PM, and 0.2g DT + 0.0013g PM were also tested on 20g of cowpea seed. D. tripetala powder was more effective at 0.4g when applied singly. Adult mortality of more than 80% occurred in less than 3 days. It also caused a significant reduction in oviposition, adult emergence and weight loss after emergence. Effect of sole application of pirimiphos-methyl dust at 0.1g per 20g of cowpea seed was less when compared with 0.4g of D. tripetala. The combined treatments of D. tripetala and pirimiphosmethyl slightly reduce adult emergence and weight loss. This study revealed better performance of D. tripetala powder when applied singly over reduced rates or even when combined with pirimiphos-methyl against cowpea seed beetle..
Keywords: Management, Rates, Combined, Singly, Effects, Dennettia Trpetala Powder.
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN CREATING EMPLOYMENT THROUGH ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA.
BALOGUN, BAMIDELE BODE
Centre for Entrepreneurship Development, Kebbi State Polytechnic, Dakingari.
This study investigates an assessment of the role of government in creating employments through entrepreneurship development in Nigeria. The study used survey research design to carry out the study. The population of the study consisted of (750) SME beneficiaries around Sokoto metropolis. The study selected (260) out of (750) SME beneficiaries using research advisor (2006) table for determining sample size. The study used self constructed questionnaire to elicit information from the targeted population. The study used descriptive statistics such as percentages, tables and frequency counts to answered the research questions, while corresponding hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMC). Based on the analysis, it was found among other that the major role of the government in employment creation was provision of adequate funds, establishment of entrepreneurship training and skill acquisition centre’s. The study concluded that provision of adequate funds, establishment of entrepreneurship training and skill acquisition centres, creation of awareness were the major role of government in creating employment for the youth and unemployed graduates. Based on research findings and conclusions, the study recommended among others that adequate funds should be provided by the government to help in sustaining entrepreneurship development program that serves as nerve centers of employment creation for youth and unemployed graduates. Study suggested among others that there is need to conduct a research on assessment of the role of government in eradicating poverty through entrepreneurship development programs in Nigeria.
Keywords: Assessment, role of Government, Employment, Entrepreneurship Development, Nigeria.
RESTRUCTURING THE PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION CURRICULUM TOWARDS ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A NIGERIAN EXPERIENCE
ABDULKADIR MUHAMMAD RUWAH
Department of Educational Foundations, School of General Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
The paper criticize extensively the curriculum of philosophy of education in the teacher education programme geared towards achieving sustainable development. The teacher is recognized as the spark that fixes the whole development process and the key agent in the drive to progress. The portion occupied by teaching profession underscores the rationale behind heavy investments put by serious and concerned nations on the education and training of their teachers for they have realized that a poorly trained and unsure teacher will likely reproduce a poor product in every profession. The denial of philosophy and philosophy of education is a denial of education. There is urgent need to checkmate the rationality of Nigerian teacher and misconceive of humanitarian services among intellectuals in the academia. The benefit which teacher education programme and teachers could tap from philosophy of education, Teacher Education must as of necessity be adequately planned as an integral part of Sustainable Development in the country and curriculum as the key to all education delivery must be flexible enough to cope with changing needs of the people and the country. The paper recommends that there is need for teacher Education programme curriculum to introduce Philosophy and Philosophy of Education to the students at all levels of education as so to improve critical thinking and creativity among students and organize refresher course on Philosophy for newly recruited Lecturers.
EFFECT OF MISTAKE UNDER LAW OF CONTRACT IN NIGERIA
SANI MOHAMMED Esq
Department of Business and Management, School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
Mistake at Law as a more limited scope than mistake in ordinary usage. In other words, what may be regarded as mistake by the layman, will in most cases not be so regarded at law. If one or both parties to contract enter into it under some misunderstanding or miss apprehension, in what circumstances will they be termed to rescind the contract on the grand that had they known the true facts, they would never have entered into the agreement.
Keywords: Contract, Law, Effect, Mistake, Nigeria.
EXAMINING THE IMPACT OF PLANNING REGULATIONS ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY VALUES IN CONFORMING WITH THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN IKEJA METROPOLIS, LAGOS STATE
1HADIZA AHMED MUSA. 2AKINYEMI SAHEED OLAYINKA. 3SALAU L. T.
1Department of Estate Management, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna State. 2Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi and 3Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
Over the years, the value of properties largely depends on the use that can be made of it. However, planning authorities do create artificial shortage in order to raise the capital values of such properties. Land-use ‘zoning’ or ‘planning’ as a form of regulation determines the use of an economic resource according to the rules and norms (the resource management act 1991). Prices and land markets are still influential, but their influence is constrained and regulated by planning decisions. More so, lack of adherence to planning regulations may pose a great challenge on residential property values, growing towns and cities; Daniel (1999) identifies some of the problems such as congestion, improper dumping of refuse, urbanization, social conflicts, and rapid population growth, fragmented and overlapping governments authorities and special districts, adverse impacts on the natural and built environment among others. This paper aimed at examining the impact of planning regulations on residential property values with particular reference to Ikeja metropolis in Lagos state. In other to achieve the aim of the study, the following objectives are pursued; to identify the existing planning regulation on residential neighborhood of Ikeja in Lagos state, to identify the enforcement of the existing planning regulation control, to identify the specific impact of planning regulation control on residential property value, to examine the impact of planning regulation on residential property value in Ikeja. Conclusion and recommendation were made among is that, the presence of planning regulation on Residential property development in the state brought well planning development in the neighborhood.
Keywords: Planning Regulations, Residential Properties, Property Value, Sustainable Development.
SUSTAINABLE REFUSE DISPOSAL IN NIGERIA
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Isa Mustapha Agwai 1 Polytechnic, Lafia,
Prevention of environmental degradation is a step in the same direction with preventive medicine which is the current practice in worldwide Medicare. This is because when you prevent pollution of the environment, you prevent pollution related diseases. One of the greatest pollutants in the environment today is the refuse. This is why it is very important to find a lasting solution to the problem of refuse management in Nigeria. Before now, refuse management has remained an insurmountable problem in this country. This is evident by the large quantity of refuse found in all Nigerian settlements. It is hoped that the solution to this problem is better sought for in the sustainable development concept. A prevention of pollution will prevent pandemic and infections.
Keywords: Refuse, Environmental Degradation, Medicare, Pollution, Refuse Management and Sustainable Development.
TOWARDS THE DEVELOPMENT OF CLEAN GREEN ENERGY RESOURCES IN SUB SAHARAN AFRICA (SSA)
1SMART BELLO, 2ANAKHU A. ESTHER AND 3SULEIMAN A. IBRAHIM
1Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, School of Engineering Technology. Auchi Polytechnic Auchi, Edo State 2Department of Chemical Engineering Technology, School of Engineering Technology. Auchi Polytechnic Auchi, Edo State 3Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering Technology, School of Engineering Technology. Auchi Polytechnic Auchi, Edo State
Renewable energy resources exist over wide geographical areas, in contrast to other energy sources, which are concentrated in a limited number of countries. Rapid deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency is resulting in significant energy security, climate change mitigation, and economic benefits. The objective of this paper is to find means of making Renewable Energy More Accessible in Sub-Saharan Africa to outline the implementation techniques. Energy poverty creates class distinctions and prevents ownership of luxury goods. Energy poverty poses a substantial challenge for development. If people lack the ability to light their homes after sunset, activities such as studying, domestic chores, and even small business endeavors must end when the sun goes down. The use of clean green energy will reduce burning of biomass, increased household income, improved quality of life, etc.
Keywords: Sub-Saharan African, Energy resources, Green Technologies, Smart Grid System and Carbon Reduction
STRUCTURAL TRANSFORMATION AND GROWTH OF AGRICULTURAL VALUE CHAIN: IMPLICATION FOR INCLUSIVE GROWTH IN NIGERIA
1ADEBOSIN, W. G., 2LASISI, S.O., 3TORIOLA, A.K., 4SAULA, D.T., 5ISHOLA, T. A.
1,4Department of Business Education, Micheal Otedola College of Primary Education, Noforija-Epe 2Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Micheal Otedola College of Primary Education, Noforija-Epe 3Department of Economics, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State 5Department of Agricultural Education, Micheal Otedola College of Primary Education, Noforija-Epe
Despite recent growth record that placed Nigeria as leading economy in Africa, the disproportionately lower share of investment in agricultural sector has further widened the productivity gap with her non-agro sector. While productivity in the non-agricultural sector relied on the lottery of international demand for crude oil in the oil-rich economy, the spread of cultivable land and share of labour force underscore agricultural sector as a critical value chain for sustainable development and inclusive growth in Nigeria.. Against this background, this paper examines the implication of structural transformation and growth of agricultural value chain on inlusive growth in Nigeria. The study based on descriptive research design utilized annual time series data sourced from the World Bank Development Index (WDI) covering the period of 1981 to 2016. In the estimation, as a preliminary test, the Jarque-Bera Normality test, line graph trend analysis, and unit root test conducted while the Fully Modified Ordinary Least Squares (FMOLS) cointegration approach was employed for the estimation. The result showed that agricultural value added (=0.574882, t=2.593721, p<0.05) and share of industry in GDP (=1.016223, t=3.012330, p<0.05) exert a significant positive effect on inclusive growth in Nigeria. The share of service in GDP (=-0.263952, t=-1.009677, p>0.05) showed an insignificant negative effect on inclusive growth in Nigeria. The study concluded that movement of labour from agriculture to industry in Nigeria contributes positively to inclusive growth while the movement of labour to the services sector does not favour inclusive growth in Nigeria. Therefore, government should create artificial barrier to the movement of labour force to the service sector and encourage employment in both the industrial and agricultural sectors to achieve high level of inclusive growth..
Keywords: Inclusive Growth, Structural Transformation, Agricultural Value Chain, Industrial Sector, Service Sector.
THE ROLE OF MICROFINANCE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL SCALE MEDIUM ENTERPRISE
IBRAHIM ABUBAKAR DAWAKI
Adamu Tafawa Balewa College of Education Kangere Bauchi, Bauchi State.
This paper examines the role of micro finance on the development of Small Medium Scale Enterprise (SMEs). Micro finance plays a very important role in the current knowledge economy. It is vital for Small Medium Scale Enterprises to participate in the economy in other to compete and thrive in the future. Microfinance is a general term to describe financial services to low-income individuals or to those who do not have access to typical banking services. Microfinance is also the idea that low-income individuals are capable of lifting themselves out of poverty if given access to financial services. Data for this study was collected from both primary and secondary sources. The data from primary sources was collected by the use of questionnaire and interviews. The questionnaire data was analyzed vide the use of statistical technique of percentage calculation and secondary sources such as journals, newspapers; reports etc.It was discovered that there is high level of corruption and fraud in the Nigerian financial system. It is recommended that microfinance if properly managed, it will not only enhance credit advancement to bank customers, but also play a vital role in the development of small medium scale enterprise.
Keywords: Micro finance, Small, Medium, Enterprise, Development
TOPOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM AS A TOOL FOR EFFECTIVE AND SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
ZAKARI, DANLADI & ADAMU MAKAMA PINDIGA
Department of Surveying and Geo-informatics, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The need for the production of Topographic Information System (TIS) of Bauchi Metropolis arose due to the non-availability of Topographic Information System for proper planning of Bauchi town. Therefore, TIS was carried out with the aim of producing a tool for effective planning, land management and environmental sustainability of Bauchi metropolis. Field and office reconnaissance were carried out in order to be familiar with the terrain and for proper planning on the methodology and equipment to be used for data acquisition and assembling of spatial data. The geometric (spatial) data were acquired by ground survey method using Dual Frequency Receiver through the process of traversing and obtaining spot heights which were carried out simultaneously. The data processing was adequately and effectively done using GNSS Solution and the data were downloaded to the computer. ArcGIS 10.3 version was used in generating the Digital Terrain Model (DTM), Contour map, Aspect map, hill shade and flow directional map. The interpretation of the maps supports decision making policy needed by the Land surveyors, Architects, Engineers, Urban and Regional planners to plan, design and execute vital infrastructural projects in Bauchi town. It was recommended that TIS should become a lasting tool for decision making and management of land and its resources for effective and sustainable development.
Keywords: Modeling, Mapping, Geographic Information System, Interpolation, digital Terrain Model.
ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CHRONIC MALNUTRITION AND SOURCES OF DRINKING WATER IN NIGERIA
*ADEWARA SUNDAY OLABISI, **MARTINE VISSER, ***GANA A.J.
*Department of Economics, Landmark University, Kwara State, Nigeria **School of Economics, Faculty of Commerce, University of.
Microbial Contamination is unavoidable during beef carcass dressing due to the nature of the hide removal process. This study attempts to assess the microbial population on the hide and beef carcasses of cattle slaughtered at Kpangaya abattoir in Bida. Three different categories of cattle were used based on their level of cleanliness, A (Clean), B (Dirty) and C (Very dirty). Samples were collected from the hock, briskel, cranial and bung of all the categories, the bung had the highest bacterial load of 5.3 x 106 while the highest fungal load was observed in category C 5.2 x 103 cfu/ml. Salmonella Spp, Escherichia Coli Spp, Pseudomonas Spp and protein Spp were isolated while fungi seen included Aspergillus niger, Penicillium Spps and Aspergillus Spp. Conclusively, micro-organisms were isolated from beef carcasses and there is a direct correlation between cattle cleanliness and resultant carcass contamination.
Keywords: Microbial contamination, beef carcasses, Abattoir.
DIVERSIFYING ACCESS OF MATHEMATICS EDUCATION IN BOOSTING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF ENTREPRENEURS IN NIGERIA.
School of Secondary Education (Science), Department of Mathematics, Federal College of Education (Tech.), Bichi.
It was generally believed in the field of inventory literature that stocked items maintained their physical characteristics forever. The idea was proved to be incorrect as some inventory items were found to undergo deterioration in value when stock. It was later again, discovered that some items undergo increase in quantity and / or in quality while at inventory level. Such items were called Ameliorating items. In this research, an economic order quantity model is developed for items that are both ameliorating and deteriorating with exponentially increasing demand and linear time dependent holding cost, within a cycle time T, for the development of entrepreneurship skill for Sustainable Development. Numerical examples were given to illustrate the developed model and sensitivity analysis was carried out to see the effects of parameter changes on the decision variables. Conclusion and Recommendation were made to allow Industrialist and other entrepreneurs that deals with such inventories to use the model to maximize profit.
Keywords: Amelioration, Deterioration, Inventories and Parameters.
OPPORTUNITIES TO CREATE, BUILD AND EXPLORE RECYCLED RUBBER-PLASTICS FOR SUSTAINABLE TOILET DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION IN NIGERIA
1ODETOYE SUNDAY ADEOLA 2IBRAHIM IDRIS 3KABIRU ZAKARI 4OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED
1Department of Architecture, Ladoke Akintola University, Ogbomoso 2Department of Building Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 3&4Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
In recent times, the issue of waste is no more a news, but issues of waste to wealth, waste to energy, and other waste management initiatives are one of the major key drivers in sustainable environmental challenges facing humanity today, especially as far as toilet design and construction is concerned. Yet, it is not receiving enough attention from those responsible for the planning and designing and construction of toilets in Nigeria. After a review of extant literatures on many resource materials, a list of factors, criteria and determinants were identified in other to provide strategic solutions to Nigeria’s rubber-plastic waste problems such as reduce, recycle, repurpose, rethink and reuse. A good knowledge of the generation, transportation, collection/disposal, treatment/recycling and general management will go a long way towards helping the environmentalists in planning, designing and construction, to handle the problems associated with recycled rubber-plastic products. Also, in Nigeria, some states have not actually migrated to the next higher level in terms of hygiene as open defecation free (ODF) area. As a result of this, the Federal, State and Local governments are presently trying to achieve safe hygiene practices for a collective responsibility, sustainable waste management and benefits to the society using recycled rubber-plastic products. However, the management and operation of such sanitary facilities are too much of a heavy burden to bear due to some circumstances. Therefore, the main objective of this paper is to examine the issues and challenges facing the waste management of toilet facilities using recycled rubber-plastic products to proffer evidence based solution to the design and construction of toilet facilities through a sustainable clean water and sanitation using appropriate methodology. In conclusion, a detailed study with relevant qualitative analysis showed acceptable positive results using recycled rubber-plastic products for opportunities to create, build and explore toilet design and construction initiatives. It was then recommended among others that at all levels, stake holders should fund, develop and promote health sector of the economy in terms of supporting toilet facilities like hand washing, easy design, construction and renovations of temporary and permanent toilets internally and externally, private or public.
Keywords: Sanitation, Solution, Water, Waste management and Stakeholders.
IMPACT OF FLOODING ON FOOD SECURITY IN JIGAWA STATE, NIGERIA
1SABO, B. B, 2AHMED, A., 1ZAKARI, H. H AND 1MUKTAR SULAIMAN B.
1Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic, Hadejia, Jigawa State, Nigeria 2Sule Lamido University, Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State, Nigeria
Jigawa State, Nigeria faced a tragic and massive flood in mid of 2018. The occurred disaster was of unprecedented level affecting more than 2.1 million population in entire State. The Auyo community was major hit by the flood. In this regard, present study was conducted in Auyo local Government Area to explore the impacts of flood on food security of rural communities. Total 200 questionnaires were administered to flood affected people for the sake of data collection. Descriptive statistics was used to illustrate the socioeconomic characteristics of the respondents, causes and effects of flooding, effects of flood on food security, productivity of farmlands prior and after flooding, sources of farm financing, past flood experience, sources of flood among others. The study finds that the major source of flooding is the over flowing of river Kafin Hausa and Kalgwai Dam during rainy season which destroy farms and houses. These lead to the loss of crops, agricultural land, physical injuries, diseases and loss of lives among others. Combine efforts from NGOs, government and individuals can help in ameliorating the impacts of flooding on food security.
Keywords: Flood, Livelihoods, Food Security, Jigawa, Auyo
AN OVERLOOK OF SOURCES AND STRATEGIES OF MINIMISING LEAD POISONING IN NIGERIA
MOHD ALIYU MAHUTA
Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu, Kebbi State, Nigeria
Lead is a useful metal that had been utilised for thousands of years but the lead metal is a dangerous poison when it is accidentally inhaled or ingested beyond the minimum level. This paper therefore extensively examines the various sources of Lead poisoning which include cultural usage of lead, lead pipes and drinking water, lead in paints, lead and occupations, gasoline lead exhaust wastes, lead in human/animal foods, and lead from industries and mines. The paper thereafter outlined the strategies of minimising the lead poisoning from the family roles, increased cleanliness and avoidance of domestic sources of Lead exposure to wider governmental roles of monitoring and regulating of public drinking waters, foods, public environment, leaded gasoline, leaded paints and finally medication of lead poison victims and relocation of extremely lead exposures resident communities. Incidences of Zamfara State Lead poisoning must be eliminated if the nation is to achieve sustainable development goals.
Keywords: Lead Poisoning, Sources, Elimination/Minimising
CREATING AND BUILDING BIENNIAL INTAKE AND MULTI-GRADE MODELS FOR UBE SUSTAINABILITY IN AREAS OF LOW POPULATION DENSITY IN AKWA IBOM STATE
EBONG, ITORO J Ph.D
School Of Primary Education Studies
This paper highlights the models of Biennial-intake and Multi-grade methods towards increasing pupils’ attendance of SUBEB primary schools in areas of Low Population Density in Akwa Ibom State. Education, being an excellent instrument for personal and national development, should not be limited to children in areas with high population density, but low population density areas should be encouraged directly or indirectly using the aforementioned models for enrolment. The paper examined the objectives of Universal Basic Education (UBE), the rationale for recommending the two models and challenges of UBE programme implementation by SUBEB personnel. Suggestions on how government, through SUBEB could increase primary schools enrolment frontiers especially in areas with low population density have been made.
Keywords: Population, Sustainability, Creating, Multi-grade Models, Biennial Intake.
THE LIFE CYCLE COSTS OF RUNNING DOMESTIC GENERATORS IN NIGERIA: A DETERMINISTIC APPROACH
EDEMA, A.O1; UJEVWERUME, I.W2
1&2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Delta State Polytechnic Otefe Oghara, Delta State, Nigeria
The use of domestic generators as an alternative source of power in Nigeria is undoubtable inventible, since the country’s generated power capacity is insufficient. This paper studied four different types of domestic generators to obtain the running costs in four years with a view to using it to predict the life cycle costs (LCC). Cost breakdown structure (CBS) model was used to analyze these data to identify the various costs components. The study revealed that acquisition, operation, maintenance and disposal costs were prevalent in running domestics generators. Data analysis showed that Honda generator had the best performance. Based on its total life cycle costs, the percentage cost of acquisition, operation, maintenance and disposal were 6.2, 75.7, 16.8 and 1.3 respectively. Further analysis of the 75.7% operation costs revealed that energy, consumables and spare parts have 78.4%, 11.1% and 10,5% respectively. The 16.8% of maintenance costs revealed that preventive and corrective have 33% and 67% respectively. The results further revealed that operation cost, especially energy cost is more dominant. The paper recommends that domestic generator manufacturers should use LCC tool to fine -tune their generators for fuel economy, emission and sound control. This information should be included in the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) document. This document should be made available during sales of the product. By this domestic generator operation will be more society friendly and ensures the livability of Nigerian residents.
Keywords: Power Supply, Domestic Generator, LCC.
INFLUENCE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON PERFORMANCE OF SOCIAL STUDIES STUDENTS IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JALINGO L.G.A OF TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
ANNAH ANDREW; NACHANA’A H.USMANA; MOHAMMED SHAMSUDDEEN, A; & AKWAYAMAI, P.J
Peacock College Education Jalingo, P.M.B. 2, Along FMC Way, Jalingo. Taraba State, Nigeria.
The survey determined the influence of Instructional Materials on Performance of Social Studies Students in Junior Secondary Schools in Jalingo L.G.A of Taraba State. The study was guided two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 significance level. Quasi-experimental research design was adopted for this study. The target population of the study was all the JSS two students in Jalingo L.G.A in Taraba state. A sample of 120 students was drawn from the population of 480 through simple random procedure. A test items was used to obtain data for the study. Data collected from the study were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, and t-test. The study found that difference exists between the pre-test and post-test scores of the respondents in the experimental group which indicate that the performance of students improved when instructional material was introduced in the lesson. The study recommends that at all time teachers in the schools should employ the use of instructional material during lesson. .
Keywords: Influence, instructional materials, performance, social studies and schools
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A SOLAR POWERED REFRIGERATOR
1ZAHRADDIN UMAR DAHIRU,1 AHMAD M. Y. JUMBA, 1ABUBAKAR ABDULKADIR, 1BALA A.M.,
1Departement of Electrical Electronic Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The paper is on the design and construction of a Solar Powered Refrigerator. It helps in meeting the demand of energy conservation, storage of perishable goods and drugs. Currently, most of the refrigerators that are available in the market are AC powered from the grid. This has led to restriction in preservation of perishable goods and drugs and activities such as outdoor sport, fishing especially in rural areas where the grid is not available. Because of this, this paper introduces the design of a DC powered refrigerator where an AC compressor of a small office/table refrigerator is replaced with a BD35F, R134a, 12-24v DC, 10-45V DC Solar DC compressor. It is powered by a 12V/200AH battery that is charged from a 200W solar PV panel. After the construction the refrigerator was tested and results obtained shows that the voltage varies with time while the current remained constant. The system was able to cool water in few minutes and started freezing within four hours.
Keywords: Refrigerator, D.C. compressor, Photovoltaic Panel, preservation, perishable foods drugs.
EMPOWERING THE GIRL-CHILD THROUGH COMPUTER SCIENCE EDUCATION
ASEMEWALEN, NELSON OSEZELE
Department Of Computer Science, School Of Secondary Education, Sciences, F.C.E Katsina
This study elucidates the role of education in liberating the girl child from her common challenges such as discrimination, ignorance, inequality and lack of quality training that has led to poverty, early marriages, diseases, crimes, and loss of self confidence which confront her continually. It focused on the teaching of computer science, showing how the girl child can be empowered with its skills such that she will be able to fill the shortage in the supply of computer scientist, compete favourably with the men, earn good pay and become a succor to other women and her immediate family. It emphasized the application of practical/ problem solving techniques as a way to make the teaching of computer science interesting, appealing and engaging to female learners. This paper concludes by making some suggestions and recommendations that will help to boost the learning, understanding and development in computer science among female learners.
Keywords: Girl child, Challenges, Empowerment, Computer Science, Learning, Practical, Problem Solving