HARVARD INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (HAJCER)
VOL.12 (8) JUNE, 2020 EDITIONS. ISSN: 0095 – 3538
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ASSESSMENT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) SITUATIONS FOR FUNCTIONAL SECONDARY EDUCATION SYSTEM IN EBONYI STATE
ODOH, JULIANA NKECHI AND UMEOZOR, UZONNA JULIANA (Ph. D)
Department of Educational Management and Policy, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State
The present poor state and situations of information and communication technology (ICT) affecting functionality of many secondary schools in Ebonyi State which is alarming, has necessitated this present study. It has been observed in literature that the information and communication technology (ICT) can make significant impact in schools’ administration including teaching and learning, however, in Ebonyi State this is not so because of the poor integration of ICT for functional secondary education system. The present study therefore sought to carry out an investigation on the assessment of ICT situations for functional secondary education system in Ebonyi State. The study determined the accessibility of ICT facilities for functional secondary education system, areas where ICT are utilized in the secondary schools, teachers’ competency in use of ICT in the teaching and learning situations and the challenges to effective incorporation of ICT for functional secondary education system in Ebonyi State. Four research questions guided the study. Descriptive survey research design was adopted in the study. Population for the study constituted 222 principals and 5,298 teachers from the 222 public secondary schools within the three (3) education zones located at different focal points in the 13 LGAs in Ebonyi State. The sample size for the study consisted of 111 principals and 530 teachers selected through the stratified random sampling technique. Instrument for data collection involved a set of questionnaire developed by the researcher for teachers titled “Information and Communication Technology Situations for Functional Secondary Education System Questionnaire (ICTSFSESQ)” which contained 40 items. The instrument was validated by three experts and reliability of the instrument determined through a pilot-test. Data gathered from the test conducted were analyzed using Cronbach Alpha method. This yielded coefficients reliability values of 0.79, 0.84, 0.81 and 0.88 for the four clusters with an overall coefficient of internal consistency of 0.83. Data were collected through direct hand-delivery process using three research assistants. Data collected were analyzed using mean scores for answering the research questions. Findings of the study indicated that the ICT situations for functional secondary education in Ebonyi State is deplorable and poor due to poor accessibility and utilization of ICT facilities, a lot of teachers’ incompetency in the use of ICT in teaching and learning situations, among others. From these findings recommendations were made, which included among others that Ebonyi State Government and State House of Assemble policy makers should adequately fund the secondary schools in Ebonyi State for accessibility of ICT facilities in the secondary schools. ICT policy should be properly implemented and integrated into several areas of secondary schools, likewise teachers should be given adequate continuous training and retraining for their competency in use of ICT in teaching and learning situations.
Keywords: Assessment, ICT, Situations, Functional, Secondary, Education, System, Ebonyi, State
COMPUTERIZATION OF LIBRARY SERVICES IN ANAMBRA STATE: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS
*OBIADAZIE, REGINA EYIUCHE *NWANKWO, NDIDI GRACE CLN & **ANENE, IFEANYI ADINDU
*Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Anambra State, Nigeria. **Unuversity of Nigeria Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.
This research investigated the extent to which libraries in Anambra State computerize their services and the challenges hindering the computerization of library services in the State. They population is made up of 208 librarians (49 males and 159 females) in the 16 libraries in Anambra State. There was no sampling. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. A questionnaire titled “Challenges in the Computerization of Library Services in Anambra State (CCLSAS)” was developed by the researcher, validated by experts and used for data collection. The reliability of the instrument was determined using test re-test method. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation while the null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed among others that there were WWW and internet services in the libraries for users. It also revealed the challenges hindering computerization of library services to include lack of reliable source of power supply in the library; no air-conditioned rooms for ICT facilities; librarians have little knowledge and skill of ICT, etc. It was recommended among others that government should provide ICT infrastructures such as reliable LAN and WAN in schools and librarians should be properly trained.
Keywords: Computerization, Library Services, Librarians
IMPACT OF OUTDOOR LEARNING RESOURCES ON MALE AND FEMALE STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL BIOLOGY CONCEPTS
*GBELEKE LILIAN AGHOGHO AND **DANIEL HYELYANKURI
*JUPEB Center, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State **Department of Science Education, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State
The study was concerned with the impact of outdoor learning resources on the achievement of male and female SS II senior secondary school students in biology concepts. This was carried out to provide an empirical basis to determine a more adequate method of teaching and learning of biology concepts and also to give adequate information on the important of using outdoor learning resources taking gender into cognisance. The research design was a time series quasi experimental design. Data were gathered from series of 1 – 3 pretest and posttest of an intact class of 50 students, 24 males and 26 females from an intact class, from one of the 11 public secondary schools randomly selected in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. The research instrument was Plant Classification Achievement Test (PCAT), a 20 multiple choice test. A reliability coefficient of 0.70 was estimated using split-half. One hypothesis was tested, using t – test at 0.05 level of significance. Result of the study showed no significant difference in biology concepts achievement of male and female students taught using outdoor learning resources. Hence, it is suitable for teaching both male and female students.
Keywords: Outdoor Learning Resources, Students’ Achievement, Biology Concepts
INFLUENCE OF DEPRESSION ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE SOUTH SENATORIAL ZONE OF BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
*AHMED SADIQ; *AGBO DAVID OKLO AND **LUKMAN IBRAHIM JAHUN
*Department of Arts and social Science Education, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria **Department of Educational Foundation, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria
Education is an essential tool for development in every country of the world, including Nigeria. No country develops beyond the quality of its education. However, academic failure is one of the major problems the society and government experience. Many factors affect academic achievement and one of them is ‘depression’. Hence, this study was carried out to investigate the influence of depression on academic achievement among senior secondary school students in the South Senatorial Zone of Bauchi State, Nigeria. Ex-post facto design was used in the study. The population of the study consists of 75 senior secondary schools with about 57,480 public senior secondary school students in the South Senatorial Zone of Bauchi State. 381 students were selected as sample based on the principles of Research Advisor’s (2006) table. The sampling technique used in this study was ‘Stratified Random Technique’. Data for the study was collected using an adopted version of Beck’s Depression Inventory-II which has a reliability of internal consistency with alpha value of = 0.85 and also it correlates with BDI-II with a reliability of r = 0.71. Data of the study was statistically analyzed using: Pearson Product Moment Correlation to test hypothesis 1, and Regression Analysis to test hypothesis 2. Findings of the study revealed that there is a negative relationship between depression and academic achievement among senior secondary school students in the South Senatorial Zone of Buchi State. The result further revealed that here is significant interactive effect of depression and gender on academic achievement showing negative relationship. Based on the study findings, it is concluded that depression negatively influence academic achievement among senior secondary school students in the South Senatorial Zone of Bauchi State. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that Bauchi State government should introduce extensive enlightenment campaign to educate general public about the negative impact of depression on the students and provide special education programme that will cater for the depressed students.
Keywords: Influence, Depression, Academic Achievement, Senior Secondary, and Students.
TEACHERS’ QUALITY ASSURANCE AND NATIONAL INTEGRATION IN SOCIAL STUDIES EDUCATION
JARIMI M.M. PHD
Faculty of Education, University of Abuja
This paper highlighted teachers’ quality assurance and national integration in social studies education. It examines teachers’ quality assurance and national integration in social studies education, the quality of those who teach it which underscores the importance of high quality teachers. The paper discussed further various ways of achieving quality through the use of quality social studies teachers to promote national integrations. Finally, some ways are suggested for achieving quality assurance through the involvement of quality social studies teachers.
Keywords: Teacher, Quality, National, Assurance and Integration
DISTINCTION BETWEEN DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS, EXPERIENCE AND TEACHERS’ JOB SATISFACTION IN TARABA STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS, NIGERIA
*MUSTAPHA A. BABA IBI (PhD) AND **FADIMATU ISMA’ILA
*Department of Educational Foundations, Taraba State University **Registry Department, Taraba State University
This study examined the distinction between demographic factors, experience and teachers’ job satisfaction in Taraba State Secondary Schools, Nigeria, it is established that there is no statistical significant difference in the level of teachers’ job satisfaction secondary in schools. Findings of this study disagreed with the studies of Ololube (2012) and Msuya (2016) who revealed that teacher related sources of job satisfaction seem to have a greater impact on teaching performance. The study also found out that there is no significant difference on the male and female level of job satisfaction in senior secondary schools in Taraba State. The results indicated that greater percentage of teachers (52.9%) were very satisfied with their job while it is also evident that greater percentage of female teachers were happier with their job than male teachers. The study found out that there is no significant difference among rural and urban teacher level of job satisfaction in secondary school. The finding of this study is in line with the view of Azhar (2017) his finding indicates that there was no significant difference between urban and rural teachers’ job satisfaction. The study found out that there is no significant difference among teachers’ academic qualification and level of job satisfaction. The finding of this research disagree with the view of Muhammad, Jegak and Balakrishnan (2009) that the graduate teachers were more satisfied than non-graduate teachers. The study is in affirmed with Virk (2012) study which revealed that there were significant differences between job satisfaction and its dimensions with regard to experience while there were no significant differences between job satisfaction and its dimensions with regard to educational level. This conclude that the job satisfaction has nothing to do with teachers’ gender, rural or urban teacher level, teachers’ academic qualification and has no influence on students’ academic performance.
Keywords: Job satisfaction, demographic factor, teacher expérience, teacher qualification, school location
INFLUENCE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC NEEDS ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PEACOCK COLLEGE OF EDUCATION JALINGO, TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
MELAIYE, O. RUFUS (PHD); **ANDESKEBFUN JOSEPH ***GALADIMA ANTHONY, I.; ****HANIEL, HINLEWHENI BANTI & *****SYLVANUS, IBRAHIM
*Vocational and Technology Education Department, Taraba State, University, Jalingo. **Political Science Department, Peacock College of Education, Jalingo, Taraba State-Nigeria 3 3. Dare, A. Alfred. Plot 302, Aco/Amac Housing Estate, Sabo-Lugbe District, Airport Road Abuja, FCT. ***Taraba State Teaching Service Board, Jalingo ****Sanwi Kingdom, Lau LGA Taraba State *****Finance Dept. Ado-kola LGA, Taraba State
Academic performance is not a product of any single factor; it is somewhat the result of the interplay of a large number of variables. This implies that, there are so many socio-economic variables that are lacking in the lives of students, hence, influence their academic performance. This study therefore assessed the Influence of Socio-economic Needs on Students’ Academic Performance in Peacock College of Education, Jalingo Taraba State with specification to NCE II of 2018/2019 academic year. For the purpose of a complete insight, the research work was subjected to two objectives and one of which is; to investigate the influence of poor parental care and basic educational background on the students’ academic performance in Peacock College of Education, Jalingo. Also, one of the research questions raised is; what is the influence of poor parental care and basic educational background on students’ academic performance in Peacock College of Education, Jalingo? Accordingly, two hypotheses were formulated, one of which is; poor parental care and basic educational background have no significant effect on students’ academic performance in Peacock College of Education, Jalingo. The population studied was 120. The questionnaires were administered using purposive sampling method of total population sampling type, a non-probability sampling technique. Thus, the study found out inter alia that there is an influence of poor parental care and basic educational background on students’ academic performance in Peacock College of Education, Jalingo. The study therefore recommends that parent ought to value the academic activities of their children within and outside the school, show them love and care as at when due and cover up the vacuum created by poor basic educational background by buying the needed academic material and text books that would spur and increase their performance in school, pay their school fees and support them financially when needed and make the necessary food stuff available for their children once they are preparing to go back to school.
Keywords: Academic, Education, Performance, Socio-economic needs.
EDUCATION FOR NATIONAL UNDERSTANDING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
IBRAHIM, SALEH BALI & UMAR, JIRA FWAFU
Department of Guidance and Counselling, Taraba State University, Jalingo
This study titled “Education for National Understanding and Sustainable Development” is set out to determine how education for national understanding will enhance sustainable development. It equally seeks to explore the nature, levels and extent of the understanding in Nigeria. It will employ a qualitative approach, guided with tons of axiological questions and ideal statements. Issues to be discussed in this paper are; is there any understanding in Nigeria? The need for understanding among Nigerians, education for national understanding and sustainable development. Based on these issues to be discussed in this work, it is obvious that in a state where people refuse to understand and agree with one another, there will be no room for development. This is because; it is by understanding one another that people will reach a joint decision on matters of common concern in situations where they are in actual or potential disagreement. The study will equally reveal national understanding as a duty required by people to be a model of solidarity, sharing and tolerance; solidarity with the most underprivileged; sharing knowledge; and tolerating their differences. Consequently, the writer is of the view that there is a burning need to reflect on education with the basic principles of tolerance, understanding, respect for others and shared activities that will help to prepare a fertile ground, on which the beneficiaries will be able to plant the seeds of understanding and sustainable development.
Keywords: Development, Understanding, Education, National, Sustainable.
TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION OF THE APPLICATION OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTAL PLAN BY PROPRIETORS OF PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA EDUCATION ZONE OF ANAMBRA STATE
*ONUORAH, H.C. (Ph.D), *EZIAMAKA, CHIKA NONYE (Ph.D) & **IWUNO, NGOZI FLORENCE
*Department of Educational Management and Policy, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. **Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State
The study determined teachers’ perception of the application of physical environmental plan by proprietors of private secondary schools in Awka Education Zone of Anambra State. One research question guided the study and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study was a descriptive survey. The population of the study comprised 734 teachers in private secondary schools in Awka Education Zone of Anambra State. Through simple random sampling, the researcher sampled 30% of teachers in the Zone. This amounted to 220 teachers as sample for the study. The instrument of data collection was a structured questionnaire which was developed by the researcher and validated by three experts in education. Mean, standard deviation and t-test was used to analyze data for the study. Finding of the study revealed that proprietors of private secondary schools in Awka Education Zone apply environmental planning to a high extent. Finding of the study further showed that the proprietors planned for accessibility to the schools, fencing, availability of play grounds, spacious classrooms and provision of convenience spaces such as toilets and cafeteria. However, it was also revealed that proprietors of private secondary schools do not properly plan for staff rooms, school library, computer laboratory, science laboratory, providing safe parking space for visitors and staff and providing for appropriate security lighting system in and around the school premises. Teachers did not significantly differ in their opinion on the extent proprietors of private secondary schools apply physical environmental plan in Awka Education Zone. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made among others that the Post Primary School Service Commission (PPSSC) should scale up their school inspection and supervisory practices to ascertain the provision of standard offices or staff room blocks for teachers so as to motivate them for higher productivity and better education service delivery. It was also recommended that proprietors of private schools should seek financial and technical support from local or international and governmental or non-governmental organizations for the provision of science laboratory materials and information and communication technology facilities in their schools.
Keywords: Teachers, Application, Physical, Environmental, Plan, Proprietors, Perception.
SCIENCE EDUCATION, STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENTS AND SECURITY: A BALANCED VIEW
DAHUNSI T.O. Ph.D
Primary Education Department, Fct College Of Education, Zuba-Abuja
This paper looked into science education, students’ achievements and security. Science started when people began to observe and understand their environment. Science can be seen as the pursuit and application of knowledge and understanding of the natural world following a systematic study based on evidence. Science education students’ achievements and security was discussed and their contributions to national security. Three research questions and one hypothesis were raised to guide the study. The study adopted a descriptive design and a random sample size population comprising of -sixty students from school of sciences, College of Education, Akwanga, Nassarawa state. Data was collected using structured questionnaire titled “Science Education and Insecurity Questionnaire” (SE&IQ) which was administered and collected on the spot. The data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and t-test statistical tools. The paper recommends among others that adequate funding from government and non-governmental agencies is absolutely necessary for developing science and peace education; loan facilities should be extended to graduates of science education in order for them to be established in small scale business and stay away from violence.
Keywords: Balanced, Education, Science, Students’ Achievements, Security.
THE CLASS STRUGGLE AS DEPICTED IN YORUBA SELECTED TEXTS
LASISI ISIAKA ABIOLA
Department of Yoruba, Federal College of Education Eha-Amufu, Enugu state, Nigeria
Human society is stratified into different classes which are upper, middle and lower; on the basis of the distribution of political economics, religion and social resources among different groups of people in the society. Since literature is the fruit of the society, Yoruba literary works manifest this imbalance which leads to fusion of power among the different classes thereby resulting in generality crisis, confusion, war and controversy in the society. This work attempts a description of class struggle in four Yorùbá texts namely: Orí Mè̩kúnnù, Iná Ràn, Àtàrí Àjànàkú, and Ayé Ye̩ Wó̩n Tán. Data for the analysis are wholly elicited from these texts. The Marxist theory of Karl Max was used in the analysis of this work in describing the activities of the proletariat and the bourgeoisies which brings about revolution. It was observed that the fight for change starts from the awareness of the plight to the determination of the lower class and also their collective efforts to put an end to oppression in their society.
Keywords: Computer-Assisted Instruction, Conventional Method of Instruction, Cellular respiration, Academic Achievement, Gender.
QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS OF DALE’S AND LANCASTER-BELL’S TEACHING MODELS FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP SKILLS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS, NIGERIA
DR (MRS) F. U. CHUKWUMEZIE
OTM Department, Federal Polytechnic, Nekede, Owerri, Nigeria
This study aimed at arousing the consciousness of researchers and educationists on the qualitative effects of Dale’s Cone of Experience and Lancaster-Bell’s Monitorial teaching models on entrepreneurship skills among students, Imo State, Nigeria. The researcher adopted a qualitative design because she wanted to gather, analyze and ascertain the qualitative effects of the two models in teaching entrepreneurship skills to secondary school students in Imo State, Nigeria. No hypotheses formulated for the study. However, qualitative information gathered was analyzed in accordance with the methodology adopted for this paper. One of the major findings of the study was that both teaching models relied on the use of several sense organs during the teaching and learning of entrepreneurship and on the basis of the findings, the study concluded that that both teaching models are ideal for entrepreneurship training. Consequently, major recommendations based the findings and listed in Boxes 6 – 14 should be carefully studied, approved and appropriate policies made on them for implementation to enable Imo State Government groom potential entrepreneurs from the secondary schools.
Keywords: Dale’s-Lancaster-Bell’s Models Entrepreneurship Skills Schools Nigeria
MANAGEMENT OF POST BASIC EDUCATION FOR A BETTER TOMORROW THROUGH EFFECTIVENESS OF INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION IN THE FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA
ADESINA OMOLARA ADEOLA; AND YAKUBU, SANI
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
It has been observed by some of the previous studies that instructional supervision enhances not only students’ academic achievements but also promotes schools’ quality, efficiency, improvement and management for attainment of educational goals and objectives. Therefore, the need warranting effectiveness of instructional supervision for management of post basic education in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja, has necessitated the present study. This study however assessed the management of post basic education for a better tomorrow through the effectiveness of instructional supervision in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja. Four research questions were raised in the study. The study employed the descriptive survey research design. Population of the study constituted a total of 3,339 secondary school teachers from 62 public secondary schools within 6 LGAs in the FCT, Abuja. Sample size of the study consisted of 334 teachers (making 10% out of the entire teacher population) from 31 (50%) public secondary schools within the 6 LGAs in the FCT, selected using the stratified random sampling technique. A 29-item questionnaire developed by the researchers and titled “Management of Post Basic Education through Effectiveness of Instructional Supervision Questionnaire (MPBEEISQ)” served as the main instrument for data collection. Construction of the questionnaire was guided by the purpose of the study and research questions and was equally structured on a 4 point scale. Both validity and reliability of the questionnaire were established. The questionnaire was validated by three experts from the Department of Educational Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi. Reliability of the instrument was established through a pilot-test. The scores obtained were measured using Cronbach Alpha statistics which yielded an overall internal consistency reliability value of 0.81, showing that the instrument was trustworthy and reliable. Data were analyzed using mean scores which were rated at 2.50 and standard deviation. Findings of the study revealed that there is need for management of post basic education through the effectiveness of instructional supervision such as classroom observation and visitations, demonstrative teaching, among others, in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja. It was however recommended that principals should ensure that they employ best practices for the effectiveness of instructional supervision in their schools for a better tomorrow.
Keywords: Management, Post, Basic, Education, Effectiveness, Better, Tomorrow, Instructional, Supervision
AN ASSESSMENT OF VARIATION ACROSS GENDER AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG SCIENCE AND TECHNICAL STUDENTS OF KANO STATE
DR ALI ABUBAKAR ALI
Department of Educational Psychology/Guidiance and Counseling, School of General Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano State
The study determined variation across gender in academic achievement among Science and Technical Schools in Kano state. The study employed correlational research design. The population of the study was 1729 for the science school while 440 was the population of the Technical schools. A sample size of 261and 66 were proportionately and randomly selected for the Science and Technical schools respectively. Row examination scores in Basic Science / Basic Technology/ English/ and Mathematics 2014 examinations were collected and correlated with WAEC Science /NABTEB Technical subjects English and Mathematics 2017 examinations across gender respectively. The data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMC). The result shows that there was no predictive validity between English/ Mathematics Entrance Examination 2014 and WAEC English Mathematics Examination 2017 across gender except between Basic science 2014 and WAEC Science 2017 where female students perform significantly better than the boys. In a related development, the study revealed no predictive validity between Basic Technology/Mathematics Examination 2014 and NABTEB Technical subjects /Mathematics examination 2017 across gender except between STSBEE English /NABTEB English where the male students performed significantly better than their female counterpart. The paper finally recommended that the government should enact policy that would encourage female students to study Science and Technical subjects in schools and qualified teachers should be employed to teach in science and technical school board.
Keywords: Assessment, Variation, Achievement, Students, Technical.
A PHILOSOPHICAL APPROACH TOWARDS DEVELOPING AN INDEPENDENT-THINKING BEING IN THE NIGERIAN BASIC EDUCATION LEARNER
BENEDICTA E. MOMODU; AJANI MAGDALENE ONYINYE; AND OKAEKWU GRACE OGECHUKWU
Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba
In an attempt to confine themselves to a rational interpretation of reality, men decided to search for a productive dimension in their response to the world and place within it. Underlying this view is the development of reasoning faculty which is the manifestation of such condition that provided the impetus for the educational development of principles that are aimed at ameliorating the perceived ills of ignorance and existence. This is where the basic education learner need to develop his thinking faculty that will in-turn aid his ability to make personal decision that would aid his all-round development. These authors attempt to address the problems of undue emphasis on theoretical epistemology and less of technical epistemology. This is because the independent-thinking being is a product of both approaches to education. How, then, can the basic education learner develop and become an independent-thinking being without undue interference on the part of the teacher to control and restrict his freedom to autonomously have a say and contribute his quota to self and societal development as well as imbibes what is worthwhile. Attempting to seek answers to this issue and other issues raised, the authors adopted the analytic philosophical approach to examining the following concepts and other issues: basic education, independent-thinking being, possibility of becoming an independent thinking being, the task of basic education and the educated man. This paper is significant at this time because self-reliance has become a global phenomenon and the basic education learner cannot be left out in this struggle. Hence the task of basic education at this time is to inculcate necessary knowledge, skills, right attitudes and values in order to make the learner part of this global change, by learning to become an independent-thinking being with appreciation for dignity in labour and faith in man’s ability to make rational decisions.
Keywords: Basic Education Learner, Independent-Thinking Being, Philosophy Analysis, Freedom, Nigerian Experience
THE IMPORTANCE OF BUDGETING, FACILITIES AND PUBLIC SUPPORT IN GUIDANCE SERVICES AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA.
*ARDO MAJI ALIYU; **IRMIYA JOSHUA; AND ***NDULUE LORETA CHINYERE
*School of Education, Department of Psychology, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. **School of Arts and Social Sciences, CRS Department, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare. ***General Studies Education (GSE) School Of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare.
The paper examine the concept of guidance service, organization and administration of guidance services in schools, Fiscal budget for guidance services, facilities required for guidance services, public support for guidance services and importance of budgeting, proper accountability, current expenditureand debt services. Major facilities required for guidance services and physical budget include psychological tools, career library, supporting staff and office accommodation which without these resources guidance services will be ineffective. The paper also discusses conclusion, recommendation and coordinating and integrating the guidance programmes in the school form part of the presentation.
Keywords: Budgeting, Public support, Secondary, Guidance, Importance.
ARTICULATION DISORDER AND STUDY HABIT AS PREDICTORS OF ACADEMIC OUTCOME OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN OYO STATE
*SALAKO, ADEBAYO ADEYINKA & **DR. OYEDIRAN AYOTUNDE OYEDELE
*Department of Special Needs Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo **Department of Educational Psychology, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
This study examined the influence of articulation disorder and study habit on academic outcomes of primary school pupils in Oyo state, Nigeria. The population of this study comprised all affected articulation disorders in primary school in Oyo state. Also, the study habit of these categories of pupils was also looked into and how it affects their academic outcomes in their various schools. Fifteen primary schools were randomly selected using simple random sampling techniques why four hundred and fifty (450) pupils with articulation disorder were purposively select for this study. Two hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significant. Questionnaire was the main instrument used for the collection of data. The reliability co-efficient of the instrument ranged between r = 0.72 and r = 0.78. Following recommendations were made; pupils should be rehabilitated on how to manage on their severity of articulation disorder because the high articulation disorder has negative influence on their academic outcome. Parents and guidance should be educated on the influence of articulation disorder on self-efficacy and academic outcome. School authority should provide conducive environment for learning in order to improve pupil study habit. Pupils should bring serious attention to develop a good study habit.
Keywords: Articulation disorder, study Habits, Academic outcome, Primary School, pupils
ASSESSMENT OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAMME ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN OYO STATE
*ASELEBE, KAMORUDEEN OLADAPO. Ph.D AND **ADEDEJI, ISIAKA ADETOKUNBO
*Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria. **Department of English, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Oyo State. Nigeria.
The need to reduce illiteracy among the citizen to the barest level by 2015 as reflected in one of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) cardinal areas informed the introduction of Universal Basic Education (UBE) programme in Nigeria. This paper investigated assessment of UBE on the development of education in Oyo State. The population for the study comprised of all primary school teachers in Oyo State. One hundred and fifty respondents represented the sample for the study. Two research questions were raised to guide the study. The instrument tagged ‘‘Teachers Questionnaire on Universal Basic Education’’ (TQUBE) was used to gather relevant data for the study. The instrument (TQUBE) was subjected to thorough scrutiny by experts in measurement and evaluation to establish the face validity while pilot study was carried out in one of the schools outside the sampled primary schools for two weeks to find out its reliability. The data collected was analyzed using simple percentage. The findings revealed that both infrastructural facilities and funding provision were inadequate for effective UBE implementation in Oyo State. The paper concludes that both infrastructural facilities and funding play significant roles in achieving the attainment of UBE programme. Recommendations made include that adequate provision of infrastructural facilities as spelt out in the Policy implementation of UBE should be given priority by the Federal, States and Local Government in Nigeria. Also, government at all levels should ensure that fund meant for UBE is released to time and judiciously utilized for the attainment of the programme set goals.
Keywords: Education, Universal Basic Education, Primary Education, infrastructural facilities, funding.
LEARNING ENVIRONMENT AND THE CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES: A SURVEY OF LEARNING FACILITIES FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF BASIC TECHNOLOGY IN THE UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN BAUCHI STATE.
HASSAN SALEH; AHMAD MUHAMMAD MAHMOUD AND ABDULRASHEED AZAREMA
School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State
This study is carried out on learning environment and the contemporary challenge to a case of learning facilities for the implementation of Basic technology in the universal basic education programmed for junior secondary schools in Bauchi state. To achieve this study, three research questions were used to guide the study. A descriptive survey research design was used. The population comprised 800 basic technology teachers from junior secondary schools (draw from the three senatorial zones of the state) and the State Universal Basic Education Board (SUBEB). From this population, a sample size of 240 subjects was used, which consist basic technology teachers as subject for the study. A 15 items structured questionnaire was used to generate data for the study. The instrument was administered with the help of four research assistants. The data gathered were analyzed using simple frequency and percentage. The findings revealed that, the provision of simple hand tools, machines, equipment, and practical materials among others were inadequate for the teaching and acquisition of basic skills in basic technology. Following these findings, it is recommended that the state government should improve on the provision of simple hand-tools, machines equipment and practical materials for the teaching basic technology in junior secondary school (JSS) in Bauchi State.
Keywords: Learning-environment, Contemporary-Challenges’ Learning-facilities, Implementation, Basic technology, Universal Basic Education.
MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIAN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Department of Curriculum and Instructions, Adamu Tafawa Balewa College of Education Kangere, Bauchi State
Implementation is an act of translating the curriculum content to the learners and it is important in achieving the goals and objectives of any curriculum. In this paper the discussion is on the mathematics curriculum implementation in Nigerian Junior secondary schools and the following concepts have being discussed: concept of curriculum, concept of curriculum implementation, factors that enhance the implementation, mathematics curriculum and its developmental stages from traditional, modern to general mathematics, the problem faced at each stage were highlighted and discussed. The paper also discussed the implementation of mathematics curriculum in both public and private schools and some factors which affect the implementation such as: Teachers, unconducive school Environment, Teachers student ratio. Some recommendations were made which include: employment of trained and qualified teachers, regular and thorough supervision and provision of conducive learning environment. Finally, the researcher find out that the level of implementation of mathematics in Nigerian Junior secondary schools affected with so many factors which is caused of failure and phobia of students in mathematics.
Keyword: Mathematics, Curriculum Implementation, Public and Private Secondary Schools.
LA NÉGROPHOBIE DANS VILLE CRUELLE DE MONGO BETI
JUDAH IORTSUME FANYAM
Department of French, College of Education, Katsina-Ala, Benue state.
Mongo Beti dans sa première fiction sur le pseudonyme d’Eza Boto nous fait vivre l’expérience d’un univers colonial en Afrique. L’univers de la négritude, de la haine et des tribulations des Noirs par les colonisateurs. Ville Cruelle, devenu ainsi classique dans la littérature africaine a était écrit pendant la période de la colonisation au moment où l’Afrique était encore sous le joug des forces occidentales dont nul ne pourra sans doute contester la portée et les bienfaits cathartiques, que l’auteur a choisi , à travers la mise en scène des tribulations de son personage principal – Banda, de jeter l’opprobre sur un système des plus arbitraires , abusifs et injustes. Par l’itinéraire de Banda, le romancier nous fait vivre jour au jour les matatas de la colonisation en Afrique. Le roman est donc un roman d’oppression colonial, la corruption et l’exploitation des négres.
Keywords: La Négrophobie, Dans, Ville, Cruelle De Mongo, Beti.
EFFECT OF PROJECT METHOD IN PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
Adamu Tafawa Balewa, College of Education Kangere, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This research work was conducted on the effect of project method in performance of students in agricultural science in Junior Secondary Schools Bauchi State, Nigeria based on findings, the research found out that the use of project method can better complement the traditional method of teaching Agricultural science as it boosts the performance of students taught Agricultural science in junior secondary schools in Bauchi state. Also, the study found out that the gender factor does not affect the academic performance of students taught Agricultural science with the use of project method because both male and female students were given equal chances to succeed when taught Agricultural science with the use of project method in junior secondary schools in Bauchi state. It is also found out that the location can affect the performance of students.
Keywords: Agricultural Science, Performance, Secondary School, Effect, Students
COMMUNITY BASED SCHOOL MANAGEMENT AND EDUCATIONAL QUALITY OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OBIO-AKPOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, RIVERS STATE
Department of Educational Foundation Studies, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria
The study examined community based school management (CBSM) and educational quality (EQ) of secondary school in Obio-Akpor Local Government Area, Rivers State Nigeria. To achieve this, 5 objectives were drawn from the aggregated interactions of the independent variable (CBSM) and dependent variable (EQ) moderated by location. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. A sample of 312 respondents comprising 130 school managers (via 26 principals, 26 vice principals, 78 dean of studies) including 104 CDC executives, and 78 youth council leaders participated in the study. A 32-item 2 experts (i.e. 1 Sociology of Education, and 1 Measurement and Evaluation lecturer in IAUE) validated 4-point scale self-structured instrument titled “Community Based School Management and Educational Quality Scale” (COBSMEQS) with a reliability coefficient of 0.816 was used to elicit data analyzed using regression analysis at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that: community development committee statistically and significantly contributed 31.3%, and 31.3% to curriculum implementation and improved security respectively in secondary schools. While youth council statistically and significantly contributed 50.7% and 40.1% to curriculum implementation and improved security respectively in secondary schools in Obio-Akpor Local Government Area (LGA) of Rivers State, Nigeria. The study recommended that: the Rivers State government proactively adopt a reform for the incorporation of community representatives into the day-to-day direction and implementation of the curriculum in secondary schools. Alongside, the youths coopted into the CBSMC be trained on the nitty-gritty of administering school resources towards the timely and adequate implementation of the school curriculum
Keywords: Community-based, school management, educational quality, secondary school, Obio-Akpor
BUILDING LIFELONG EDUCATION AS A TOOL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN TWENTY FIRST CENTURY NIGERIA
*JONATHAN SABO TURYA **AFRES KURPIONG (MRS) & **EUNICE BARNABAS LIKITA (MRS.)
*School of Education, Federal College of Education (Technical), Gomb **College of Education, Billiri, Gombe state
The twenty-first century witnesses a growing awareness on learning and education, with emphasis being shifted to science and technology. This paper discusses building lifelong education in Nigeria as a tool for sustainable development. The role education plays in contributing to sustainable development can never be over emphasized. The paper examined among other things: the concept of lifelong education, education in Nigeria, sustainable development, and education for sustainable development. The finding of this work is that lifelong education can produce leaders who manage the affairs of government and private sector industries to constitute the stake holders of sustainable development. the paper recommends among other things that there should be a reorientation of existing education at all levels to include principles, perspectives and values of sustainable development.
Keywords: Lifelong Learning, Education, Development, Sustainability, Education
PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF TEACHING LEXIS AND STRUCTURE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IBARAPA CENTRAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OYO STATE
SULYMON JIMOH ALANI
Department of English, the College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State, Nigeria
The study examines the problems and prospects of teaching Lexis and Structures in some selected Senior Secondary Schools in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State. The researcher sought information through the use of questionnaires. In analyzing the data, the researcher used frequencies and percentages. The results of findings show that most of the hypotheses of the study are upheld to be true in that it is proven going by the data collected that teacher’s attitude to Lexis and Structures is a negative one. It is the conviction of the researcher that this part of the English Language study is the bedrock of English. As teachers are more and more becoming aware of this aspect, efforts should be made towards ensuring students’ mastery of it. With these recommendations adhered to, it is certain that the hitherto elusive prospects of this aspect will be fully realized.
Keywords: Teaching Lexis, Secondary School, Problems, Prospects, Structure