HARVARD INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (HAJASD)
VOL.11 (2) DECEMBER, 2019 EDITIONS. ISSN: 0081 – 3998
HARVARD RESEARCH AND PUBLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL,
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WATER SECURITY ASSESSMENT FRAME WORK AT NATIONAL SCALE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
B.K. ADEOGUN AND J. IJIMDIYA
Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
This paper aimed at demonstrating the application of water security assessment framework at national scale for sustainable national development. Water security dimensions in the literature were reviewed and identified as household water security, economic water security, urban water security, environmental water security and resilient water-related disaster security. It was discussed that national water security implied overall water security and it’s a composite measure of the indices of the stated five water security dimensions. Also, water security is central to all other form of security, including national security. It is recommended that nations should apply the water security assessment framework to assess their level of water security and hence national security for sustainable development.
Keywords: Water security index, national security, sustainable development.
ASANTE INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS: REPOSITORIES OF CONSERVATION ETHICS FOR GHANA’S BIODIVERSITY
Department of General Art Studies, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science of Technology, Ghana.
The indigenous knowledge systems of the Asantes handed down to them by their past, but active forebears carries a lot of weight in biodiversity conservation discussions. This is promulgated by the numerous conservation ethics hidden in the cultural and artistic practices of the people. Using the Asante Bekwai Traditional Area and its Protected Areas as a case study, the researcher accentuates the enormous conservation ethics in the Asante indigenous knowledge particularly cosmological beliefs, taboos and totems. The Data analysis spiral was implemented for the interpretation of the data accrued via focus group interviews and non- participant observations. The study revealed that the Asante indigenous knowledge systems were and is still instrumental in conserving the biodiversity resources by regulating the residents’ behaviours towards the biodiversity resources in the environment. The research contends that the conservation ethics of Asante indigenous knowledge transcend time and must be utilized in contemporary conservation strategies for biodiversity. The study advocates for a renaissance and factorization of Asante indigenous knowledge in various developmental projects in Ghana. It tasks developers of conservation strategies and projects in Ghana to tactfully synergize the Asante indigenous knowledge with the Western scientific knowledge to aid in conserving and arresting the deficiencies in Ghana’s biodiversity.
Keywords: Asantes, Biodiversity, Conservation Ethics, Cosmological beliefs, Indigenous Knowledge, Protected Areas, Totems, Taboos
TEACHERS UTILIZATION OF IMPROVEMENT TEACHING STRATEGIES FOR INSTRUCTIONAL DELIVERY IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL, ABUJA, NIGERIA
LOVE E. EBUK (Ph.D)
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja.
There are some improvement teaching strategies which can help teachers in their teaching for students to learn better. This study focus on “Teachers utilization of Improvement Teaching Strategies for Instructional Delivery in Senior Secondary Schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, FCT, Abuja. A survey research design was adopted for the study. Out of the larger population of 2362 teachers, 400 teachers were used for the study. The instrument used for collection of data was a “Questionnaire on Teachers Utilization of Improvement Teaching Strategies for Instructional Delivery (TUITSID). Statistics used to analyse the data were frequency and mean. The finding of the study showed that teachers were not trained to utilize improvement teaching strategies to deliver instruction in senior secondary schools in Gwagwalada, FCT. It was recommended that secondary schools should introduce these improvement strategies and ensure that teachers are trained on how to use them to teach.
Keywords: Teachers, Utilization, Improvement, Strategies, Instructional Delivery.
TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND GROWTH OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN ABEOKUTA, NIGERIA.
*SAMUEL TAIWO AKINYELE **ESTHER FEYISAYO AKINYELE & *PAUL TEMITOPE OYELARAN
*Dept. Of Entrepreneurial Studies, College of Management Sciences, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. **Dept. of Business Administration, Crawford University, Faithcity, Igbesa, Nigeria.
This research aims to analyze the impact played by technological innovation on SMEs growth in Abeokuta North Local Government Area by investigating various types of SMEs (service provider, manufacturing and distributors/suppliers). A well-structured questionnaire was used to collate data from the respondents. The method of analysis that was adopted test statistic for the hypothesis was multiple regression and correlation analysis. Hypothesis one shows Fcal 14.016 at 0.000 significance level, hypothesis two reveals online marketing has a positive significant relationship on sales volume i.e. since our P value (0.000) is less than 0.05, hypothesis three tells us that there exist a positive and significant relationship between Social media and Customer base with r value = 0.109 (10.9%) finally, hypothesis three showed that there exist a positive and significant relationship between E-customer relationship management and Retaining customers with r value = 0.461 (46.1%). The result of the analysis showed that technological innovation has a direct (positive) relationship with SMEs growth. The study shows that there is a significant relationship between technological innovation and SMEs growth and also reveals some recommendations on how to improve the growth of SMEs.
Keywords: Service providers, Growth of SMEs, Distibutors/Suppliers, Online Marketing, Technological innovation.
A SEASONAL ARIMA MODEL OF ZARIA MONTHLY RELATIVE HUMIDITY, NORTH WESTERN NIGERIA
1JIBRIL Y KAJURU AND 2SANUSI A JIBRIN
1Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria 2Department of Statistics, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil.
Analyzing the climatic condition is imperative to meteorologist for sustainable environmental development in Nigeria. This study aimed at identifying the characteristics of relative humidity of Zaria from 1993 to 2012 using Seasonal Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (SARIMA) modeling approach, this approach is done by model identification, parameter estimation, diagnostic checking and forecasting. The data was subjected to unit root test using ADF. The best candidate model among the competing models was selected based on information criteria as well as diagnostic checking and forecast accuracy measure. The model that emerge best among the competing models was SARIMA (1,0,1)(0,1,1)12 as it has the least values of information criteria together with the forecast measure of accuracy and its portmanteau test reveals that the p-value is greater than alpha (0.05) level of significance which implies that the model is adequately fitted to the series, likewise the in sample forecast result provide a very closer values with the original series. This research could be useful to Nimet and researchers in the field of hydrology for monitoring process and future managerial decision.
Keywords: Zaria, SARIMA, Box-Jenkins, Relative Humidity and Forecasting
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION A TOOL AGAINST TERTIARY GRADUATES UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY
U. EL-YAKUB (PhD)
Division of Teacher Eduction, Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
In the contemporary global world, the up-shoot of graduate unemployment has become an all reaching concern. The stack reality is that for university graduates and other professionals, job competition and unemployment are becoming stiffer and tougher. The only genuine channel of restoration is entrepreneurship characterized by sustained job and wealth creation. Entrepreneurial Education into curriculum of tertiary education institutions is very important so as to equip graduates with entrepreneurial skills and abilities to make them become self reliant upon graduation. This paper examined the concepts of entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship Education, objectives of Entrepreneurship Education, importance of Entrepreneurship Education, curriculum for entrepreneurship education, concept of unemployment, how tertiary institution graduates can develop entrepreneurial skills so as to become self reliant, and support of Government and Non- Governmental Organizations towards entrepreneurship development in Nigeria. It was recommended among others that; a new and workable education policy should be provided that favour the smooth implementation of Entrepreneurship Education at all levels of education; an Entrepreneurial Education Programme (EEP) should be formalized and integrated fully into the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) scheme in the same spirit of weekly Community Development (CDS) of the NYSC. This if applied will in turn assist graduates with ideal job generation, creation and development ability.
Keywords: Opportunities, Education, Unemployment, Challenges, Century.
PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AMONG SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ELECTRONIC ENTERPRISES IN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA, NIGERIA.
OGENYI, OGABA SUNDAY, DR. RAYMOND, E., DR. T. M. SABA
Industrial and Technology Education Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna.
The study is focused on Performance Management Practices Among Small and Medium Scale Electronic Enterprises in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. Two objectives and Two research questions guided the study. Mixed method of research design was adopted. The Population of the study comprises of Four Hundred and Twenty-one (421) Technical Personnel and One Hundred and Seventy-Nine (179) Managers of the major electronics SMEs in Abuja, Nigeria, this includes those located in Wuse, Kubwa, Garki, and Abuja Municipal Area. This amount to 74 enterprises that are registered with the Cooperate Affairs Commission (CAC). Simple random sampling technique was used to sample a total of Ninety-three (93) managers and one hundred and fifty-six (156) technical personnel for the study. The total sample population is, therefore, two hundred and forty-nine (249) respondents. Quantitative data was obtained from descriptive survey research design which involves the use of questionnaire while qualitative data was obtained from interviews of Managers and Technicians. Copies of the drafted instruments was validated by three experts two from the Department of Industrial and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna and one from SMEDAN. Data collected was analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions and Z-test to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. It was thus found among others that; Employees are rarely train on the main purpose of performance management as well as to improve their capacity, employees are rarely involved in the planning process and that their work progress is seldom monitored. Thus, it was recommended that Electronic SMES owners should organize a series of workshops and training for all staff at all levels on the main purpose of the performance management system. Performance management is associated with the creation of a shared vision and aims of the organization and that Organizations should ensure active participation of staff in target setting for the performance management system at all department levels depending on job profiles, strengths of employees and resource availability.
Keywords: Performance, Management, SMEs, Practices, and FCT.
COMMUNITY CONFLICTS IN NIGERIA: CAUSES, MANIFESTATIONS AND REMEDIES
ABEL IDEBE (Ph.D)
Department of English, Gombe State University, Gombe.
The intractability of several community conflicts across the different geo-political zones of Nigeria have significantly hampered peace and overall social development within affected communities and the nation as a whole. Although conflicts have become part of our social existence that we must live with, nevertheless some of these conflicts which predate our amalgamation in 1914 still emerge with flames that seem uncontrollable. Giving the vitality of having strong communities as a way of emerging with a more stable and virile society of our dream, this paper therefore x-rays the causes and manifestation of community conflicts in Nigeria. As a way of capturing the severe consequences that community conflict poses to our collective development, this paper using secondary data analysis method shall discuss some significant community conflict as they have occurred in different communities in Nigeria and the violence that have erupted from them. Thus the need to proffer holistic approaches to addressing community conflicts as a way of remedying their negative consequences become very important. The paper therefore submits that some vital actions needs to be taken by Government and stakeholders to seriously pay attention to empowering communities to emerge with better resolves and actions that make them committed to threading pathways that lead to peace and transformation for their communities and the nation at large.
Keywords: Community, Conflict, Peace, Development and Nigeria.
ROLE OF UNIVERSITY EDUCATION FOR ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN NIGERIA: PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS
*UMAR MUHAMMAD PhD **ABDULKADIR MUHAMMAD RUWAH
*Department of Educational Foundations, UsmanuDanfodiyo University, Sokoto **School of General Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto.
University education in Nigeriais an important key in achieving a sustainable national development Goals. On the basis of this, this paper attempts to explain the concept of university education, concept of sustainable Development Goals, and the relationship between university education and sustainable national development. The paper provides an insight of various problems confronting university education such as inadequate funding, inadequate infrastructural and physical facilities and other instructional materials and equipment. This paper therefore, recommends that Universities should be adequately funded, and finally a committee that will manage and supervise projects design towards achieving sustainable development Goals in Nigerian Universities should be put in place.
Keywords: Education, Sustainable Development Goals, Problems, Prospects, University.
EXAMINING THE ROLE OF RANDOM DISTURBANCE ON THE STABILIZATION OF TWO COMPETITIVE INTERACTING INVESTORS
1BAZUAYE F.E. and 2BAZUAYE P.E
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers state.
Physical processes or activities are usually affected by enormous number of small external fluctuations whose resulting action would be natural to consider as random disturbance. The stability of dynamical systems with respect to random perturbations comes into the picture. It is paramount to investigate the role of random disturbance such as System perturbation on the qualitative characterization of two interacting dynamical systems. To achieve this, we have used ode45 and ode23 solvers to carry out the simulation under 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 degrees of random noise to investigate the role of system perturbation on the stabilization of two interacting investors in the Niger Delta financial market. The results of this contribution are clearly presented and discussed in this paper. System perturbation on the qualitative characterization of two interacting dynamical systems is a formidable mathematical problem that requires sound numerical analysis reasoning. We have utilized two Matlab standard solvers for ordinary differential equations ODE45 and ODE23 under 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 degrees of random noise to investigate the impact of system perturbation otherwise called random fluctuation on the stabilization of two interacting investors in the Niger Delta financial market. The results of this novel contribution are clearly presented and discussed in this paper.
Keywords: System perturbation, random fluctuation, interacting investors, stabilization, qualitative characterization.
TOWARDS ACHIEVING AN OPTIMAL BANDWIDTH UTILIZATION IN LIVE VIDEO STREAMING
O. MOMOH1, B. YAHAYA1, A. A. ABDULRAZAQ2, H. M KATAGUM1, & U. ABUBAKAR1
Department of Computer Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria 2Department of Computer Engineering, University of Maiduguri, Borno, Nigeria.
Video streaming has received a lot of attention from industry and academia due to an explosive growth of the internet and increasing demand for multimedia information on the web. However, the current best effort service does not guarantee effective utilization of bandwidth. One of the challenges which still remains a bottleneck to researchers is redundancy. Reducing or eliminating redundancies in live video streaming can significantly improve the Quality of Service (QoS). This paper presents the various types of redundancies that exist in videos and the ways in which they can be exploited so as to achieve optimal utilization of bandwidth. Thus, factors such as delay in delivery, frame loss and resolution degradation that adversely affect the QoS of video streaming can be reduced to the barest minimum even at low bandwidth.
Keywords: Spatial redundancy, temporal redundancy, spatio-temporal redundancy, statistical redundancy, perceptual redundancy
MODELLING DIELCTRIC NOTCH FILTER QUARTER -WAVE BASED FOR 200-1000 nm WAVELENGTH SPECTRUM
ABUBAKAR M. BELLO1, D. BUBA2
Federal Polytechnic Bauchi Science Laboratory Technology Department.
A multilayer dielectric optical notch filters design is estimated using TiO2 and SiO2 dielectric materials. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is used as higher refractive index value (2.5) and Silicon dioxide (SiO2) as a lower refractive index layer (1.5). These filters are proposed for overpowering of powerful laser beams of light in the experimental research, in order to obtain very good signal-to-noise ratios in Raman laser spectroscopy applications. This is can be achieved by inserting a notch filter in between the within the beam of a design. In addition to spectroscopy, notch filters are also suitable in laser-based florescence instrumentation and biomedical laser systems. This Designed filter shows a very high quality with the transmission of more than 95% in 200 -1000 nm bandwidths. And a stop band region between 345-436 nm shows a transmission of 3% only with an optical density of greater than 3, which makes it a capable element to be used as a notch filter.
Keywords: Notch filter, visible spectroscopy, bandwidth.
GLOBALISATION AND SUSTAINABLE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: WHAT HOPE FOR MSMEs IN THE 21ST CENTURY NIGERIA?
ONIGBINDE ISAAC OLADEPO (Ph.D) & SHONUBI AKEEM OLALEKAN (Ph.D)
Department of Business Administration & Marketing, College of Social & Management Sciences, McPherson University, Seriki Sotayo, P.M.B. 2094, Abeokuta, Nigeria
The study evaluated the influence of globalisation on sustainable socio-economic development within the context of micro, small and medium-scale enterprises (MSMEs) in the contemporary Nigerian society. The central thrust of the study was to assess the influence of globalization on MSMEs’ growth vis-à-vis sustainable socio-economic development in the most populous African country. In the process, it was revealed that globalisation has served as the final conquest of capitalism all over the world despite its purported benefits to humanity. In addition, it was discovered that globalisation aimed at the transcendental homogenization of socio-economic theories across the globe has put to an end the hitherto order of marginalization and re-colonization in the 21st century Nigeria. It was recommended that Nigeria’s economy requires both micro–and–macroeconomic restructuring and realignment to survive the challenges of the twenty first century in a globalised world.
Keywords: Capitalism, Globalisation, Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs), Sustainable socio-economic development, 21st Century Nigeria.
ASSESSMENT OF THE FACTORS HINDERING VALUE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE IN ABUJA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
BASHIR O. GANIYU; DANJUMA JACOB
Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.
Value Management (VM) has played a broad role in supporting effective decision making to construction projects, increased project performance and quality, balance project objectives, and manage community expectations in many countries around the world. But applicability of VM in Nigeria especially in Abuja construction industry has experienced a set back as compared with rest of the world. It is on this basis that the study examined the factors responsible for the set back with a view to recommending sustainable solutions. Therefore, the study sampled 235 professionals across the construction firms in Abuja through simple random sampling technique. The study employed descriptive (mean) and inferential (factor analysis) methods of data analysis. The result revealed that through factor analysis technique, six most highly emphasized factors were identified which constituted about 65.690% variance in the original factors hindering value management application, which include technical and public policy factors, professional negligence, non- complacency and management defects, human factor and inflexibility, lack of manpower and project focus, and poor knowledge. The study recommends that project managers should be proactive in addressing the aforementioned factors as they posed critical set back to value management implementation among Nigerian construction companies.
Keywords: Value management, project, construction industry.
ON THE DIFFERENTIAL EFFECT OF THE EXPERIMENTAL TIME ON THE BIFURCATION ANALYSIS: SECOND ORDER MODEL OF RELATIVE-HUMIDITY AND AIR-TEMPERATURE INTERACTION
*1R.E. AKPODEE; 2E.N. EKAKA-A; 3A.G. ELEKI
1,2Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University. 3Department of Statistic, Captain Elechi Amadi Polytechnic, Rumuola, Port Harcourt Nigeria.
We have utilized the method of ODE45 numerical simulation to study the effect of the experimental time on the bifurcation behavior of a dynamical system in the context of using a continuous dynamical system of a non-linear second order ordinary differential equation. We have found that for the initial condition data (2,4), the dynamical system has changed from a dominant instability to a dominant stability for the time range t=1626 to t=1631 days. The full novel results that we have obtained have not been seen elsewhere: these have been presented and discussed in this study.
Keywords: dynamical system, deterministic, stability, linearization.
EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT BRANDS OF NIGERIAN CEMENT ON THE PROPERTIES OF PERVIOUS CONCRETE
GANA A.J, ATOYEBI.O.D & ICHAGBA. R
Civil Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Landmark University Omu-Aran, Kwara State.
This study evaluated the effects of different brands of Nigerian cement on the properties of pervious concrete. Four different brands of Portland cement ; Dangote falcon(grade 32.5), Elephant Supaset(grade 42.5), Elephant lafarge(grade 32.5) and Dangote 3*(grade 42.5) were used to produce pervious concrete of mix ratio 1:4 and tests such as compressive strength, permeability and density were tested, the void content was also analyzed. The densities of pervious concrete produced were between 2000Kg/m3-1948Kg/m3, with Elephant supaset being the densest. All brands produced PC of compressive strength higher than 6N/mm2 which is the minimum strength requirement in BS 5224 (1976) Dangote falcon cement had the highest compressive strength followed by elephant supaset, elephant lafage and dangote 3* in that order after a 21 day curing period with values 16.39N/mm2, 13.97N/mm2, 13.54N/mm2 and 13.11N/mm2 respectively. Elephant cement PC was most permeable with a 10.1 mm/sec value, followed by Dangote 3* with 9.98 mm/sec then Dangote and Elephant S had 9.89 and 8.46 mm/sec respectively. Density is inversely proportional to porosity and permeability. Elephant lafarge cement had the highest void content with 20.43% followed by 20.13%, 19.52%, 18.31% respectively for dangote 3*, dangote falcon, elephant supaset.
Keywords: Effects, Different, Brands, Nigerian, Cement, Properties, Pervious Concrete
NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF A DETERMINISTIC COMPARTMENTAL MODEL OF ZIKAVIRUS DISEASE DYNAMICS WITH CONTROLS.
1ABDULLAH IDRIS ENAGI, 2 MOHAMMED OLANREWAJU IBRAHIM 1ISHAQ ZAINAB.
1Department of Mathematics, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria. 2Department of Mathematics, University of Illorin, Nigeria.
In this study, a deterministic model of Zika virus disease dynamics with controls was presented. Parameters for treatment and use of insecticides were incorporated. The model equations were solved using Homotopy perubation method. Graphical profiles of each compartment were generated from the results using maple software. The result of the numerical simulation indicates that treatment and the use of insecticides is the best strategy to control the disease.
Keywords: Zika virus, Control Parameters, Homotopy Perturbation, Insecticides and Treatment
ANALYSIS OF VARIETIES OF LANGUAGE USE IN BSU
MSUEGA AHAR, PAULINE SEWUESE IGYO AND TUGHGBA TERKIMBI ELIJAH
Department of Languages and Linguistics Benue State University, Makurdi.
The research has looked at the analysis of the varieties of languages use in Benue State University Makurdi. The varieties of languages in this sense include languages, dialects and register a term meaning roughly ‘styles’. The researcher has used the Bernstein’s sociolinguistic theory of codes, which states that the class a child belongs to either inhibits or facilitates the child’s linguistic ability. In BSU, the nature of linguistic environment has influence many members of the speech community to speaking English language. The method used by the researcher is a descriptive as and simple percentage as a tool for the analysis of the linguistic situation. A hundred questionnaires were distributed and ninety six were collected and used for data analysis. The research identified the various language used in BSU. A standard variety of English language, pidgin variety, Tiv, Idoma among other tribal languages. The research established that various languages are used in BSU speech community, but the standard English variety is most commonly used. Pidgin and tribal languages are used for other linguistic functions in BSU speech community.
Keywords: Language, varieties, sociolinguistics, multilingualism, community.
COMBATING INSECURITY VIA TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION & TRAINING (TVET) TO SHAPE THE FUTURE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA.
UDU, SUNDAY UCHENNA AND ATTAMAH, CHUKWUNWIKE EMMANUEL.
School of Secondary Education (Technical), Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano State.
Insurgency has for some time now, been a big threat to our lives in Nigeria. Poverty, corruption, unemployment and lack of proper education represent some of the major causes of insecurity in any society today. These issues have in many ways, affected national security and economic growth mostly in the Northern and Southern parts of the country. This study therefore identified strategies for combating insecurity via TVET with the aim of shaping the future of Nigerians for sustainable development. Two research questions were formulated to guide the study. Survey research design was employed for the study. The study was carried out in Kano state, Nigeria. The targeted population for the study was 233 (30 Air force personnel, 37 Armies, 25 Police men, 15 TVET teachers, 50 Entrepreneurs, 43 Industrialists and 33 Computer scientists) in Kano State. A purposive sampling technique was employed to arrive at the population for the study. A 49 strategic item questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Two hundred and thirty-three (233) copies of the questionnaire were administered to the respondents while one hundred and ninety-one (191) copies of the questionnaire were retrieved and analyzed using percentages (%), weighted mean (Ẋ) and standard deviation(SD). Cronbach Alpha reliability method was used to determine internal consistency of the instrument which yielded reliability coefficient of 0.82. Findings from the study revealed that the use of technology is a key enabler for counter-insurgency; the application of basic technology tools and solutions would go a long way in combating insurgency in the country. Also, education is an important prerequisite for a country’s social and sustainable development and TVET plays a special role in this regards amongst others. It was recommended amongst others the establishment of a functional National Security Database, for online access at every point of transaction, a technology driven database that enables the agency detect crime, forming a proactive employment and social security policies.
Keywords: Insecurity, Unemployment, TVET, and Sustainable Development Goals.
JOB SATISFACTION AND PRODUCTIVITY AS CORRELATES OF QUALITY HEALTH WORKFORCE TRAINING FOR ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT HEALTH GOALS IN COLLEGE OF HEALTH MAKARFI, KADUNA STATE
*IBRAHIM HASSAN & **UTHMAN LAWAL SHEHU
*Registrar, Shehu Idris College of Health Sciences and Technology, Makarfi, Kaduna State **Department of Social Development, School of General and Applied Sciences, Shehu Idris College of Health Sciences and Technology, Makarfi, Kaduna State.
This paper examined job satisfaction and productivity as correlates of quality health workforce training for achieving sustainable development health goals in college of health Makarfi, Kaduna state. Three (3) research objectives, questions and hypotheses guided the study. Correlation was employed and the population of the study was all academic and non-academic in colleges of heath Makarfi, Kaduna state totalling three hundred and ninety-three (393), out of which a sample of two hundred and seven (207) was selected through purposive and proportionate sampling techniques. The instruments titled “Determinants of Job Satisfaction and Productivity Questionnaire (DEJOBSAP)” and Quality Health Workforce Training for achieving Sustainable Health Development Goal (QHETSHDG) were used for data collection. Cronbach alpha method was used to test the instruments’ reliability. Thus, reliability co-efficient of .842 and .891 were obtained respectively. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. While the null hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The study found that, there was significant relationship between job satisfaction and staff productivity as correlates of quality health workforce training. Also, there was significant relationship between male and female responses on job satisfaction and productivity as correlates of quality health workforce training for achieving sustainable health development goals in colleges of health Makarfi, Kaduna state. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that, The government of Kaduna state and Administrators of College of Health should implement the sixty five years retirement age as it is applicable in similar tertiary institutions so as to boost staff job satisfaction.
Keywords: Job Satisfaction, Staff Productivity, Quality Health Workforce Training, Sustainable Health Development Goals
ASSESSMENT OF THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE CHOICE OF CONTRACT PROCUREMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE HOUSING DELIVERY IN ABUJA
SANNI MAJIYEBO ABUBAKAR AND J.E IDIAKE
Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Minna.
Contract procurement method as a strategy that meant to satisfy the client‘s development or operational needs with respect to the provision of constructed housing is required to have high sustainability index. It is crucial that clients make the absolute right choice of a project procurement method in a progressively complex condition due to certain inherent factors. It is on this basis that the study analysed the views of 241 built professionals in Abuja through closed-ended questionnaires that was administered through simple random sampling techniques. the study employed descriptive method of analysis through the use of relative important index. The result revealed that Time and cost were identified as most important factors influencing the choice of procurement method among others. Sustainable construction materials and indoor environmental quality were major drivers of sustainable housing delivery. Conclusively, design and build and tradition method were mostly used as it saves time and cost of projects.
Keywords: contract, procurement method, housing delivery, sustainability
GEOGRAPHICAL STUDY OF RURAL URBAN MIGRATION IN DAMATURU.
MOHAMMED ALHAJI ABDULLAHI1, ALI ADAMU MAHADI2, MODIBBO BABAGANA KYARI3
1&2Department of Basic Science, Yobe State College of Agriculture Gujba, 3Department of Geography, Yobe State University Damaturu.
The migration from rural to urban areas is an important part of the urbanization process in Damaturu town (Daura et al., 2006). This research focused on geographical studies of rural urban migration in Damaturu town. Data were collected from both primary and the secondary sources, Questionnaire was the instrument tool used during the data collection. Each set of questionnaire is composed/consist of two main sections (A and B). Section A contains demographic data of the respondents. While section B deals with question on causes and consequence of rural-urban migration in Damaturu town. Therefore, the simply random sampling technique was employed to select the respondents. A total number of 80 questionnaires have been used for data presentation, discussion and analysis from the four wards. Descriptive statistics like frequencies table no percentages, as well as inferential statistics line chi-square analysis is the tools applied for this research. Findings revealed that”. Majority of the migrants are young adult, while men migrates more than women. The young adults in the rural areas are migrate to urban area in order to improve their economic conditions. They (young adults) are pushed out from their origin (rural) because of the relative non-availability of employment opportunities. The research also found that the desire for gainful employment is the ultimate factor behind rural-urban migration. However other less compelling motivator such as the desire to enjoy the social amenities service likes electricity, good roads, and good drinking water.
Keywords: Migration, Rural Urban, Urbanization, Economic conditions, Social Amenities.
THE ROLE OF COMMUNICATION IN PROMOTING ORGANIZATION EFFICIENCY
Department of Mass Communication, School of Communication and Information Sciences, A.D. Rufa’i College for Legal And Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State.
Effective communication at all levels of the organization improves organizational success and employee relations. This paper aims at examining the role of Communication in the Organizational Efficiency. It is basically a library research, hence the views of many authors on the subject were consulted in order to elucidate the basic issues. The paper will particularly look into conceptual meaning of communication as defined by communication scholars, the levels of communication, role of communication in promoting the objectives of organization, barriers to effective communication. The paper will further suggest ways to effective communication as applied to organization. Finally, the paper recommends that, organization should ensure that, Public Relations unit is well equipped with facilities that can give room for professionalism in the process of communication so long as they want yield good results and ensure efficiency and productivity in their day to day management of organization
Keywords: Role, Communication, Promoting, Organization, Efficiency
EFFECTIVENESS OF HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KATAGUM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BAUCHI STATE
OKONMAH FAITH C
Department of Home Economics, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare Bauchi State.
The study examined effectiveness of Home Economics Education instructional materials among Senior Secondary School Students of Katagum Local Government Area, Bauchi State. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and employed stratified random sampling technique to select the respondents. The target population was Senior Secondary School Students of Katagum Local Government Area, Bauchi State and the sample size of 150 respondents was used. The data of the study was derived from questionnaire containing fifteen items. The findings of the study showed that there are significant impacts of instructional materials on students’ academic performance in Home Economics Education among senior secondary schools. The study shows that students have a better understanding of Home Economics Education concepts, arouse their interest and learn better when instructional materials are used. The study further revealed that there is significant extent in which Home Economics Education teachers make use of instructional materials to deliver their lessons. The study showed that improvisation of instructional materials improves teaching and learning process, arouse student’s interest by giving them something practical to see and also to find things out themselves, encourage both students and teachers to be more creative, innovative and original in their studies. The instructional materials serve as motivating factor for achieving students’ academic performance in Home Economics Education. The study recommends that government, host community, and non-governmental organizations should provide instructional materials; teachers should make use of instructional materials for every lesson and periodical training for effective usage of instructional materials by teachers should be implemented in schools.
Keywords: Education, Home Economics Education, Instructional Materials, Students, Teachers
SELF EFFICACY, LOCUS OF CONTROL, SELF ASSESSMENT OF MEMORY ABILITY AND STUDY HABIT AS PREDICTORS OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS.
ABIADE S. OLUMUYIWA1, KOLAWOLE M. AKINSOLA2
1Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, P.M.B 2273 Afaka Kaduna, Nigeria. 2Department of Science and Technology Education, University of Ibadan.
It has been observed by several authors that students entering teacher education programs have preconceptions about teaching Mathematics based on their prior experiences as students. These experiences as it were create the intending teachers self-efficacy and belief about Mathematics which will eventually have a powerful impact on the practice of teaching, learning and over all achievement of their students in Mathematics. Therefore, this study is aimed at investigating self-efficacy, locus of control, self-assessment of memory ability and study habit as a predictor of pre-service teachers’ achievement in Mathematics. The design employed in this study is an ex-post facto type. The sample consists of 147 pre-services teachers purposively selected from two colleges of education within Oyo State. Four standardized instrument were used to collect data on Mathematics teaching efficacy belief, locus of control, memory self-efficacy and study habits. The reliability coefficients of each instrument used are stated thus: 0.69, 0.86, 0.90 and 0.88. Three research questions were proposed in the study and the data collected were analyzed with multiple regression. The study revealed that positive significant correlation (.427) exists between achievement in Mathematics and Locus of Control while a negative correlation (.-467) exists between Achievement in Mathematics and Study Habit. Similarly it was observed that no significant correlation exist between self-efficacy, self assessment of memory ability and achievement in Mathematics respectively. Furthermore the regression analysis of the data revealed that the four predictor variables contributed 36.90% to achievement in Mathematics. The analysis of variance also yielded an F-ratio of 20.764 which was significant at 0.05 levels. Hence they are good predictors of achievement in Mathematics. In addition, the study also revealed the relative contributions of each of the independent variables to the prediction of achievement in Mathematics thus; self-efficacy (b=.146), Locus of control (b=.345), Study habit (b=.-458) and each was significant at 0.05 level, while self assessment of memory ability (b=.018) was not significant. Implications for pre-service Mathematics teacher education were also discussed.
Keywords: Self Efficacy, Locus of Control, Self-Assessment of Memory Ability, Study Habit, Achievement in Mathematics.
STRATEGIC APPROACHES TO EFFECTIVE FACILITIES MANAGEMENT FOR TECHNOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
1 DR. A.O.J ADEBOWALE & 2 NJOSI JUSTINA ANWILIKA
1Department of Petroleum Engineering and Geosciences 2Department of Industrial safety and Environmental Technology, Petroleum Training Institute Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria.
The main objective of this research study is to have an in-dept analysis of facilities management strategies and causes of facilities deterioration in organizations with special emphasis and reference to the Nigerian environment and organizational system. Facility management is a profession that encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality, comfort, safety, security and efficiency of the built environment by integrating people, place, processes, machines, equipment and technology in the most efficient and effective ways, in order to achieve organizational goals and objectives for the purpose of technological advancement and economic development of a nation. Facility management is the coordination of the physical work place with the people and work of an organization. It is the integration of business administration, architecture, behavioral and engineering sciences of organizations by the facilities managers, who are the routine operators in charge of maintenance and management of organizational facilities. This research tends to analyze the concepts of facilities management, maintenance, bases of facilities maintenance, the causes of facilities deterioration, facilities maintenance assessment, responsibilities of facilities managers, types of facilities maintenance which include; response or unplanned maintenance, programme or planned maintenance, cyclical maintenance, proactive maintenance, predictive maintenance and preventive maintenance. Possible global best practices on facilities management were recommended for adoptation to ensure that facilities are properly taken care of, to eliminate the challengesS of facilities deterioration in organizations.
Keywords: Facilities management, maintenance, global best practices, technological and economic development.
THE EFFECT OF SOME DENSIFICATION PARAMETERS ON THE PHYSICOMECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SAWDUST BRIQUETTES
NASIRU SHUAIBU, ABUBAKAR M. A., JAMILA ADAMU & DANLADI Y. B.
Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
Agricultural biomass residues are sources of renewable energy and sustainable biofuels which can contribute significantly to mitigate the effect of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions if properly managed and utilized. However, biomass in its natural form is bulky, loosed and dispersed. Briquetting is therefore employed to improve the qualities of the residues such as density, stability, durability and heating or calorific value. Controlling densification system variables can be important to achieving the desired density, durability and quality. In this study, the effect of some densification parameters, namely; particle size, binder ratio and compaction pressure on the physicomechanical (maximum density, relaxed density, density ratio, compaction ratio and durability of sawdust briquettes was investigated. The results of the physicomechanical characteristics of the sawdust briquettes obtained compared favourably well with those obtained by previous researchers. However, not all the densification variables had significant effect (p<0.05) on the physicomechanical characteristics of the sawdust briquettes. This implied that some of the densification (predictor) variables contributed more than others on the predictor variables (physicomechanical characteristics).
Keywords: Densification; physicomechanical; Briquettes; Biomass; Sawdust
ISSUES AND PROBLEMS ARISE ON TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT
IBRAHIM ALIYU ADAMU1, *, AUWAL SAIDU2, ABDULMALIK MUSA MALEKA3, KABIRU USMAN ROGO4, ABDULRAHMAN GARBA5, AHMED MOHAMMED BAFETO6
1,2,3,5Civil Engineering Technology Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, P. M. B. 0231, Bauchi. 4Civil Engineering Department, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic Zaria. 5Department of Civil Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Mubi. 6Civil Engineering Department, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu.
Transportation systems play a vital role in urbanisation, mobility, and economic growth of societies, regions, nations, and even continents. Transportation of people and goods from one location to another is necessary. No country will thrive if it lacks adequate, well maintained and managed transportation facilities. As such, provision of efficient, environmentally friendly and sustainable transportation system/facilities are considered as the index of social, economic and commercial development. However, with the growing population in major cities of the world, there is also an increase in traffic congestion, traffic accidents, and environmental pollutions. These problems have generated so much concern among the key players in the transportation sector. Provision of new transportation facilities that may solve some of the problems require huge capital investment. Therefore, it has become imperative to manage transportation facilities right from the planning stages to the expected service live of the facilities and also maintain the existing ones.
Keywords: Transportation facilities; congestions; sustainability; transportation facilities management.
TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND THE PERFORMANCE OF ACOUNTING FIRMS IN NIGERIA
SAMUEL R. MOHAMMED, BAMIDELE O. EBO & ADEMOLA, O. EMMANUEL
Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro.
Over the years, the professional accountant writes up books, balances books, prepares final accounts, conduct investigations, audit accounts and prepare tax returns among many other services. These accounting services by the accountants were traditionally based on clerical reliance systems without any interactions with the computer systems. In order to facilitate prompt and accurate delivery of appropriate services to business enterprises, accounting firms require dynamism to keep abreast of development in their profession because it is assumed that the accounting industry is far behind in adopting new technologies. Therefore, this study investigated the impact of technological innovation on the performance of accounting firms in Nigeria. A descriptive survey research designed method was adopted. Data were collected through a survey, using a structured questionnaire validated by experts and yielding 0.771cronbach alpha. The top ten accounting firms in Nigeria were selected for the study and a non-probabilistic sample included 200 respondents of which 102 copies of the structured questionnaire were completed and returned. The data analysis was carried out to determine the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient (r) and the coefficient of determination (R2) of the variables with the aid of SPSS. Findings revealed that technological innovation significantly affects performance of the accounting firms in Nigeria. It was concluded that IT strengthened and improved the quality and reporting standards of the Nigerian accounting firms while it was recommended that accounting firms should be more efficient and timely in their responsibilities with a view to meet up with the needs of their clients.
Keywords: Information technology, Performance, Technological innovation, Top 10 accounting firms.
PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN ROAD TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE IN SUB-SAHARA AFRICA THE WAY FORWARD
MUSA D B, SULE E. AND, AKINMADE O
Nigeria Building and Road Research Institute North Central Zonal Office Jos Plateau State.
Roads dominate the transport sector in most African countries, carrying 80 to 90 percent of passenger and freight traffic. Moreover, they are the only means of access to most rural communities. This dominance is achieved even though the density of the region’s network is lower, both per person and per square kilometer of land area, than that of other world regions. The condition of the road system is also poor by international standards. Africa has huge infrastructure gaps due to tight government funding and scarce resources hence the way forward is to explore the private sector investment through PPP. In these difficult circumstances, the provision of secure funding for road maintenance and efficient implementation are critical to the effectiveness of the sector and to identify specific capacity constraints that have hindered the private sector’s participation in road infrastructure financing. The transport sector in sub-Sahara Africa requires spending of approximately $18 billion a year, half for maintenance, to build sufficient regional, national, rural, and urban road connectivity. Several literatures were review in a bid to Annalise and suggest possible alternatives to the burden and shortfall of private involvement in road infrastructure development in Sub-Sahara Africa. Today PPPs have emerged as an important mode of financing infrastructure projects in several developing countries. PPPs are “cooperative arrangements between governments and multinational corporations that are created to finance, construct and manage infrastructural projects.
Keywords: Road transportation, Public-Private Practice, Funding Africa
IMPACT OF DIFFERENT ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS ON THE THERMAL DECOMPOSITION BEHAVIOUR OF POLY (VINYL PYRROLIDONE)
IBRAHIM MUSTAPHA ALIBE A, , SALISU NASIR B, KABIRU MU’AZU C , BASHIR INUWA D, ALI MUSTAPHA ALIBE E, BABAKURA MALLAM AJI D
aMaterials Science & Technology Division, Pilot Plant Department, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology Zaria, P.M.B. 1052, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria bDepartment of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Federal University Dutse, P.M.B. 7156, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria cProduction and Consultancy Department, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology Zaria, P.M.B. 1052, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria dIndustrial & Environmental Technology Department, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology Zaria, P.M.B. 1052, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria eMechanical Engineering Department, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu Yobe State, Nigeria.
The Thermal decomposition behaviours of poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) was successfully studied using thermogravimetric analysis in the range of 30–1000 °C under different atmospheric condition of nitrogen, oxygen, air and finally at normal condition without passing any gas. Under all the conditions, it was found that the main decomposing agent in PVP is the volatile product from the ester group and the C–C in the polymeric chain. The decomposition under nitrogen atmosphere offers the lowest temperature of 500 °C, while the highest decomposition temperature of 625 °C was observed when the analysis was conducted under normal atmospheric condition. The decomposition under O2 and air atmosphere recorded final stage at 514 and 568 °C, respectively. The amorphous structure of the PVP was confirmed by the XRD analysis while the FT–IR and Raman analyses were used to confirm the presence of several polymer bonds in the PVP.
Keywords: Polyvinylpyrrolidone, Thermal decomposition, Amorphous structure, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Air.
DESPITE THE EXISTENCE OF AL-DHIMMAH IN EVERY HUMAN BEING, ABILITY OF CERTAIN PEOPLE TO ENGAGE IN CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP IS CURTAILED.
SABO KARABI GIADE
A.D.Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, P.M.B. 004 Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The paper clearly spelled out the meaning of the word “Dhimmah,” which is an Arabic word to mean the ability to acquire rights and obligations by a mukallaf (the subject of law) which is not just left without conditions or hindrance it also stated the life circle of any human being is categorized in to four. From the time an embryo is conceived in it’s mother’s womb to it’s delivery, from delivery to Tamyiz (which is seven years according to Islamic Jurists), from Tamyiz to maturity and from maturity until death. Therefore after attaining legal capacity, sometimes ability of certain people to engage in contractual relationship is curtailed. The factors include but not limited to natural circumstances and man affected or acquired causes like sleeping, infancy, in coercion/duress, mistake and ignorance on the other side.
- The life circles of human beings are divided into four (4) stages.
- In the first three (3) stages one is not criminally liable, but liable in tort.
- Upon reaching the fourth stage, one is both criminally responsible and the liable in tort.
- There are two (2) factors that affect the legal capacity even after maturity.
- Natural circumstances and man acquired are two (2) factors that affect the legal capacity.
The methodology followed in this research work is through having research in many Islamic books and manuscripts.
WILL MILLIMETRE WAVE WORK FOR 5G? A REWIEW OF MILLIMETER WAVE TECHNOLOGY, ITS CHALLENGES AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS
1HAMZA ABBA, 2IBRAHIM MUHAMMAD HARRAM AND 3PAUL INUWA ADAMU 4HARRISON OJIBO IDAKWO
1&2Department of Electrical/Electronic Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State. 3Department of Computer Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State. 4Department of Electrical/Electronic Engineering University of Maiduguri, Borno State.
Millimetre-wave (mm-Wave) band offers the potential for high – bandwidth communication channels in cellular networks. It is a promising technology for future 5G cellular networks. This article, explained the need for 5G to re-enforce or replace 4G and the need of millimetre wave to pave the way for 5G. The paper also discussed the potentials of millimetre wave, challenges involved in exploiting millimetre wave, and some solutions to the challenges.
Keywords: millimetre wave, 5G, 4G, Possible, Technology
EFFECT OF INCREASING NUMBER OF LAYER IN OPTICAL FILTERS DESIGN USING MATLAB.
ABUBAKAR MOHAMMED BELLO
Department of Science Laboratory Technology Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State Nigeria.
Optical coating is one of the process of deposition one or more thin films of materials of alternative layers on optical components such as mirrors or lenses, which changes the direction in which light in the components reflect or transmit. Objective: This paper aims to study the effect of increasing number of layers in optical filter design using the optical matrix approach method. MATLAB program version 8.1 was used to model the designs. Result: The reflection of a glass substrate of refractive index = 1.5 was enhanced by adding successive dielectric layers of alternating high refractive index ( = 4.7) from MoS2 material and low refractive index ( = 3.2) from Si material respectively. The reflectance increased as the number of layers increasing or vice versa. Therefore, the maximum reflectance is achieved by adding a successful layer depending on the design (glass 12|LH|air) the reflectance and transmittance. Conclusions: The reflectance and transmittance of the glass increased by increasing the number of layers and the high reflectance and transmittance achieved by putting the layer of high refractive index as outer layer. It is observed that the bandwidth of the reflectance and transmittance is affected by increasing the number of layers.
Keywords: optical coating, thin film, optical filter, multilayer, bandwidth.
ON THE COMPLEXITY OF A DIGITIZED LOGISTIC MAP
1RAKIYA MK ADAMU, 2ALIYU DANLADI HINA, 3ISA YAHAYA
1,2,3Dept. of Mathematics & Statistics, the Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State.
A topologically conjugate map that is equivalent to the well known logistic map with and is constructed. This constructed map’s domain is defined to be the integer domain [0, 2n). This domain has a one to one correspondence to the points in the interval [0, 1] with n-bits precision. The topological conjugacy of the two maps and the dynamics of the constructed map were found to define the same dynamics as that of the logistic map with very similar lyapunov exponents. With a view to be applied in cryptography as a Pseudo-Random number generator (PRNG), the complexity of the constructed map as a source of randomness is determined using both the Permutation entropy (PE) and the Lempel-Ziv (LZ-76) complexity measures, and the results are compared with numerical simulations.
Keywords: Map, Complexity, Logistics, Digitized and topological.
LINKING THEORIES OF HANDEDNESS WITH THE USE OF DOMINANT HAND IN SOCIETY: STIGMATIZATION AND PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS
*DR. YAHAYA MUSTAPHA MAKANTA **DR. USMAN IDRIS GANA AND **SULEIMAN SULEIMAN CHADO
*General Hospital, Minna, Niger State. (Nigeria) **Department of Counselling Psychology, IBB University, Lapai, Niger State. (Nigeria).
Various theories of genetic, biological, neurological, evolution any and environmental factors attributed to handedness have been x-rayed in this paper. It also attempted to highlight types of handedness and the use of dominant hand in some selected cultures across the globe, particularly, in the United States of America, Europe, Asia, Caribean and African countries. The paper further presented stigmatization attached to dominant hand, most especially, the left –handedness. Psychological implications of stigmatizing the left handedness have also been highlighted. Conclusion and recommendations were proffered for necessary adjustment and adaptation. In this premise, parents were advised to train their children towards the use of right hand, particularly, when eating or giving something to someone during childhood so as to inculcate the cultural value of the society. However, if this strategy fails, parents should encourage their children towards the use of dominant hand that is more convenient for their children, so as to make use of their potentials to the fullest, and to attain the hallmarks of noble personalities in life.
Keywords: Theories, Handedness, Dominant Hand, Stigmatization, Psychological implications.