HARVARD INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (HAJCER)
VOL.11 (8) DECEMBER, 2019 EDITIONS ISSN: 0095 – 3538
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ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SCHOOL PRINCIPALS AND TEACHERS ON QUALITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PRACTICE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN 21ST CENTURY IN NORTHEAST NIGERIA
ABDULHAKEEM SIDI UMAR
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of school principals and teachers on quality human resource management practice in the 21st century in Northeastern State Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to determine the quality and effectiveness of school principals in human resource management n public secondary schools as perceived by teachers and the principals, to ascertained the challenges faced by principals in their role of managing human resources; to propose some strategies that could be used by Secondary School Principals for them to be effective in their management of staff in schools. The research study used ex-post factor design, the population of the study comprises of principals of Bauchi and Gombe States, Purposive sampling technique was used in selecting 55 principals in each of the State which make a total of 110 respondents. A self-designed questionnaire developed by the researcher titled Opinion of School Principals’ and teachers on Human Resource Management Practice (OSPTHRMP). The questionnaire was validated by three experts, one in the area of educational administration and planning, one in the measurement and evaluation and one in educational psychology all from educational foundations department. From the study findings, Principals and teachers lacked the knowledge of human resource management practice as a result of which they are ineffective in the discharge of their functions. The school managers (principals) lack budget for human resources activities at their proposal that would enable them discharge their function rigorously and they are no longer involve in selection and recruitment process. Based on the findings the study recommended that School principals and teachers should be trained to apply strategic human resource management practice. Equally Government should embark on induction training for the newly employed staff in order to make them more skillful in their duties. Government and non-governmental organization should endeavor as much as possible to enable the school managers with adequate budge that would cater for human resource planning. Thereby given educational managers (principal) autonomy for recruitment and selection process in their respective schools.
Keywords: Human Resource Management Practice, Effectiveness, Challenges, Principals and Teachers
INTEGRATION OF SOCIAL MEDIA INTO SCHOOL LIBRARY SERVICES FOR NATIONAL UNITY AND SECURITY
*MOHAMMED M. KPAKIKO & **HASHIMU SULEIMAN
*Abdullahi Fodiyo Library, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto **Waziri Junaidu Library, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto, Nigeria.
This paper presents implications of social media integration into school library services to achieve national unity and security. The concept of social media, school library services, national unity and security were reviewed. It also presents the need to integrate social media into school libraries and identified how social media can be integrated into school libraries to achieve national unity and security. The paper concludes that integration of prominent social media platforms into school library services has the capacity to remodel students attitude and create paradigm shift in their perception on national cohesion, national integration and national security. It has been suggested that School libraries should seize this golden opportunity of large user statistics of social media platforms to promote their educational and current awareness services especially on nationalism through Facebook, Blog and Twitter so as to promote national unity and security. School Librarians and the school management should take advantage of the attention given to Facebook, Blog and Twitter by students and use the medium for mentorship between students and teachers instead of just relying on face to face counseling which in most cases do not enjoy patronage. Students should be encouraged to become members, as this will enable them to share useful academic, economic, political and social information among themselves from across the world. School Librarians and the school authorities are hereby encouraged to make social networking a character modeling and learning platform for the attainment of national unity and security.
Keywords: Social media, School library, School library services, National unity, National security
TEACHER’S ACQUISITION AND UTILIZATION OF TEACHING SKILLS FOR IMPROVEMENT OF STUDENT LEARNING IN THE 2ST CENTURY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS, AKWA IBOM STATE
*EBUK, LOVE (Ph.D) & **ICHA, Boniface IJUO (Ph.D)
*Department of Educational Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja **Department of Educational Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja.
The paper focused on teachers acquisition and utilization of professional skills needed in this 21st century to improve teaching learning in secondary schools. The investigation was carried out in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. Two research objectives and research questions were stated to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was applied for the study. The population consisted of 24 public senior secondary schools in Uyo Senatorial District. The sample of the study was 5 public senior secondary schools, and 300 teachers. A structured questionnaire on “Teachers Acquisition and Utilization of Professional Skills for Improvement of Teaching and Learning” (TAUPSITL) was used as instrument for data collection. The questionnaire was validated by experts in the Department of Educational Administration and Foundation University of Abuja. Test-retest method of reliability was used to obtain the internal consistency. The reliability index was obtained through cornbrah alpha, the index score was (0.78). Statistics applied was simple frequency and mean for research questions and chi-square analysis for the research hypothesis. A mean score of 2.50 and above was accepted and 2.49 and below was considered rejected for the sectional mean. The null hypothesis will be accepted when the calculated chi-square score will be greater than the tabulated chi-square score, and will be rejected when it is vice versa.
Keywords: Teachers, Acquisition, Utilization of Skill and Improvement of Teaching /Learning.
INNOVATIONS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF CULTISM IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIA
OLADUNJOYE PATRICK (Ph.D), OWUGAH, WOYENGIDISEYE OWEI & AKENE, EUNICE TITUS
Niger Delta University, Educational Foundations Dept., Wilberforce Island Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
This study is concerned with the innovations in the management of cultism in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. There are the manual traditional methods and the information and telecommunication (ICT) methods. One research question and one hypothesis were raised to guide the study. A questionnaire titled “Innovation in the Management of Cultism (IMC) was designed by the researcher and used in collecting data from 271 respondents randomly selected from the 10 tertiary institutions in the South-South region of Nigeria. It contained 20 items. The instrument was validated by experts and tested for reliability using test-re-test method. The data collected was analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and a reliability index of 0.83 was got. The result of analyzed data shows that the new innovations in the management of cultism using modern ICT technologies are more effective in the management of cultism. The traditional method of using Coercion, Persuasion and school disciplinary measures are significantly different in terms of its effectiveness when compared to the digitization methods. Probable recommendations like the installation of CCTV cameras, metal detectors, finger capturing methods, adequate data base and the use of online registrations and voting in tertiary institutions, was advocated.
Keywords: Cultism, Innovations, Institutions, Management, Nigeria, Tertiary.
INFLUENCE OF SYNTHETIC PHONICS ON EARLY READING OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN PORT HARCOURT LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE
INKO-TARIAH DOROTHY CHIKAODI (PhD)
Department of Educational Psychology, Guidance and Counselling, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt
The ability to read fluently and understand what is read is a strong prerequisite for academic success in a country like Nigeria where English language is the lingua franca but not the mother tongue. The method of teaching the language becomes important if children are expected to speak and communicate effectively. The study hence assessed the influence of synthetic phonics (jolly phonics) on early reading among pupils in six selected primary schools in the area. The study adopted experimental design and a research question and six hypotheses were used to guide the it. Standardized jolly phonics materials were used on the experimental group while the control group were taught using the analytical (traditional) method. Stratified random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of 298 pupils who were assigned into experimental and control groups using a pre-test. Mean scores were used to answer the research question while independent t-test was used to analyze the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance . Results show significant differences in early reading between those taught with jolly phonics and those taught with the analytical method among male pupils, female pupils , pupils from private schools, those from public schools, those from urban areas and also those from rural areas. In all the cases, those taught with jolly phonics read better than those taught with the analytical method. Recommendations were made based on the findings.
Keywords: synthetic phonics, jolly phonics, analytical method, early reading.
IMPACT OF SCHOOL PRINCIPALS’ AREA OF SPECIALIZATION ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BAUCHI STATE
Educational Administration and Planning Unit, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Federal University Kashere, P.M.B. 0182, Gombe State of Nigeria.
This study investigated the impact of principals’ area of specialization on students’ academic performance in senior secondary schools in Bauchi State. The study adopted the descriptive research designed of the correlation type. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 30 out of 85 senior secondary schools in urban area of Bauchi State. A combination of purposive and simple random sampling technique was used to select 30 principals, 27 vice principals’ administration and 17 vice principals academic as well as 359 teachers from 30 senior secondary schools in Bauchi State making it a total of 433 subjects as participants to this study. The instruments used to collect relevant data was a self-designed questionnaire on the Impact of Principals’ Area of Specialization on Students’ Academic Performance (IPASSAP). The questionnaire was pilot tested after experts have ascertained the contents validity and the reliability coefficient obtained was 0.73. The data collected were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). One hypothesis was formulated and tested. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) Coefficient analysis procedure was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 significant levels. The results of the analysis showed that, there was significant impact of principals’ area of specialization on students’ academic performance. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that, school principals should be encouraged to obtain degrees in relevant and specialized areas in education specifically educational administration and planning so as to get all the necessary knowledge and skills of leadership procedures that will positively impact students’ academic performance.
Keywords: Performance, Specialization, Secondary School, Principals, Impact.
EFFECTS OF CONCEPT MAPPING ON SENIOR SECONDARY TWO BIOLOGY STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN ECOLOGY IN JOS NORTH, PLATEAU STATE
FRIDAY JOHN, SAFIYA IBRAHIM, MAILAYA JOJI MASOYI AND SARKI MJAGANDI
Department of Science and Technology Education, University of Jos, Jos Nigeria.
This study investigated the effects of concept mapping on students’ achievement in ecology in Jos North, Plateau state, Nigeria. A sample of 100 senior secondary students were involved using the intact classes which were categorised into experimental and control groups. The students in the experimental group were taught ecology using the concept mapping while those in the control group were taught using the conventional lecture method. The study adopted the non-equivalent control group pre-test post-test quasi-experimental design. A 40 item researcher designed instrument titled Ecology Achievement Test (EAT) with a reliability coefficient of 0.84 was used. Three research questions were answered while three hypotheses were tested at 0.05significance. At the end of the study, the following findings were made; the concept mapping had positive effects on students’ achievement in ecology in secondary schools in Jos North, Plateau state, Nigeria. There is a significant difference between the post-test scores of the control and experimental group after exposure of the experimental group to co-operative learning strategy. The difference is in favour of the experimental group. There is a significant difference between the pre-test and post-test scores of the experimental group after exposure to concept mapping strategy. The difference is in favour of the post-test scores. There is no statistically significant difference between the post-test scores of the male and female students in the experimental group after exposure to concept mapping. On the basis of the findings, the following recommendations were made. These include; for effective teaching and learning of biology, concept mapping strategy should be adopted. The Plateau State ministry of education should ensure in-service training of teachers on concept mapping strategy to enhance students’ achievement and curriculum planners should include concept mapping strategy in the biology curriculum.
Keywords: Effects, Concept mapping, Biology, Achievement and Ecology
ROLE OF MANAGEMENT OF UNIVERSITY EDUCATION FOR NATIONAL COHESION AND GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS IN NIGERIA
*UMAR MUHAMMAD (PhD) **ABDUALLHI UMAR ALHASAN
*Department of Educational Foundations, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto **Department of Adult Education and Extension Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto.
University education in Nigeria and indeed any other part of the world plays a crucial role in the supply of highly skilled manpower to manned different sectors of the nation’s economy. This paper examined exploring ways in management of university education for National Cohesion and Global Competitiveness in Nigeria. On the basis of this, issues such as, University Education in Nigeria, National Integration and Cohesion, The Global Competitiveness Index X-Raying Nigeria’s 2015/2016 GCI Ranking/Performance, Role of University Education in Accelerating Nigeria’s Global Competitiveness, Internationalization of Nigerian Universities, Globalization and World-Class University, University Management in Nigeria, Challenges Facing University Education and its Products, University Education and Global Economy. The Global Competitiveness of Nigerian Economy has been ranked poor by the World Economic Forum (WEF) since the past ten years. The country has maintained a three digit position for about a decade, averaging 114 out of 139 countries and 3.57 on a 7- point scale since the past nine years. Although poor infrastructure, corruption, and access to finance have been identified as the three most problematic factors to business, productivity and global competitiveness of the country, the inability of Nigeria to fully tap from the potentials of university education which is practical and productive oriented has contributed in worsening the country’s competitive ranking globally The conclusion here is that, government can use university education as a tool for national unity, economic and social development. This therefore that, the culture of the true morality at the implementation level of university education should be emphasized on against the current practice of craze for paper qualification, Citizenship education should form part of the school curriculum at all levels of education. The emphasis should be on promotion of nationality and heightening of empathy, and finally, Universities should be adequately funded by giving top priority in the budget (at least a minimum of 30%). At least 50% of the budgeted 30% should be allocated to universities and also sourcing internal revenue and individual contributions, corporate bodies should be encouraged.
Keywords: Cohesion, Global Competitiveness, Management, Nigeria, University Education,
INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION ON TEXTILE PRODUCTION SURVIVAL AND MARKETING AMONGST UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN SELECTED NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES.
*AKINYELE, SAMUEL TAIWO **AKINYELE, ESTHER FEYISAYO & *DANIA, OLUWAFISAYO KEMI
*Dept. of Entrepreneurial Studies, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria **Dept. of Business Administration, School of Postgraduate Studies, Crawford University Igbesa, Ogun State, Nigeria.
The inclusion of entrepreneurship in the Nigerian university system is due to the growing need for entrepreneurship education as a basic skill in the Nigerian educational system. The most fundamental reason for thinking about entrepreneurship education at the university level is to find a sustainable and lasting solution to the rapid growing unemployment widespread among university graduates in Nigeria. This study covers the various prospect and efforts made towards the advancements of entrepreneurship in textile production generally in Nigeria. Yamane sampling method was used to select 190 respondents from four prestigious universities. Data set were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages and diagram, Pearson moment correlation (PPMC) and scatter diagram, simple linear regressions was used to test the research hypotheses, and two ways Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Regression. Results show that the mean sexes, age, work experience, level of management category, and business type of the respondents were 1.59, 1.63, 1.76, 1.75 and 1.84 respectively. Majority (59.1%) of the respondents were female, 71.5% single, and 47.8% had BSc. Major factors affecting the respondents were prior training , research & development efforts (R Square = 0.185), total capital invested and government policies (R Square = 0.180), innovative strategy in modernization (R Square = 0.340), new product & process development by dependency (R Square = 0.254). PPMC showed significant relationship level of 0.001 (p<0.001), ANOVA showed a 0.000 relationship between the factors. In conclusion there can be an overall sustainable development if Nigerian textile industries are revamped to meaningfully create and gainfully employ labour, also empowerment involves the emergence of entrepreneurship education as a tool for empowering the Nigerian youths. The study therefore recommends that integration of entrepreneurial trainings and vocations into the university educational system as well as the revamping of the textile industry through sustainable means should be of important in reshaping youth minds.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship Education, Educational system, University level, Graduates
IDENTIFYING AND CONTROL OF ACADEMIC WORK STRESS IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES
AHMAD TAHIR ADAMU KOKI
Department of Education, Yobe State University Damaturu.
This paper focuses on the Recognition and Control of Academic Job Stress. Stress arises from a variety of sources. While many sources of stress may be obvious and have apparent signs, many do not. For this reason, identifying potential or actual stressors is important. Once potential stressors have been identified, it is important to then assess the risk; that is likelihood of particular stressors causing harm and potential outcome. By doing this, university management can gain an understanding of the causes of stress that can be given priority and addressed first, since any intervention programme to manage stress must first determine if stress exists and what is contributing to its existence. This study addresses these issues. The study is a survey research utilizing the ex-post-facto design. A sample of academics, comprising of 614 (79%) males and 166 (21%) females was drawn from 39 universities using the cluster sampling technique. Data collection was done by using a structured questionnaire that comprises the stress scale items. The statistics used were frequencies and percentage and multi-regression analysis. The findings revealed that stress is prevalent among academics in Nigeria public universities; that higher job stress levels among academics are associated with work demands, role, conflict, work relationship, career and organizational structure and climate; and that role conflict contributed most significantly to the stress levels, followed by work relationship, then again followed by work demands and finally followed by career stress. Both the implications and necessary recommendations were discussed.
Keywords: Academic, Nigeria, Identifying, University, Control, Work Stress.
DRUG USE AND ABUSE IN THE 21ST CENTURY: CHALLENGES AND APPROACHES FOR ADOLESCENTS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA STATES, NIGERIA.
ADAMU ABDULKAREEM BIU
Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Drug use and abuse in the 21st century has become a common problem among adolescents of secondary schools and has been of growing concern to the Nigerian society and indeed the world community. This tendency to resort to drugs has slowly, but undoubtedly, gained grounds. In recent times the word cocaine, tramadol, Indian hemp and Shisha has formed headlines in Newspapers and mass media. Teachers, Health educators and medical practitioners can educate parents and community about the health consequences of using substances such as alcohol, tobacco, cocaine, shisha, and misuse of any kind of drug or taking of drugs without professional or doctor’s prescription. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess Drug use and abuse in the 21st century: Challenges and Approaches for Adolescents of Secondary Schools in Kaduna State, Nigeria. A non probability sampling techniques was used to draw a sample from the selected secondary schools in the twelve (12) educational of Kaduna state. Thus, a total number of four hundred and two (402) secondary school students were used for the study. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequencies, percentages, mean, and standard deviation to answer research questions on Drug use and abuse among adolescents of secondary schools in Kaduna State while Chi-square analysis was used to test peer influence on drug use and abuse among adolescents of secondary schools and to also test significant influence of drug use and abuse among adolescents of secondary school by their age, gender and class level in Kaduna state. The finding of the study revealed that peer group significantly influence the drug use and abuse among adolescents of secondary schools in Kaduna State, Nigeria. On the basis of that, health educators should come up with educational programme and awareness campaign focused on drug use and abuse in secondary schools with the hope that education about drugs can change their behaviour in the 21st century. The school should enforce measures that will limit the use, possession and sale of illicit drugs in the school premises. It is also the primary role of the school to recruit qualified teachers to teach skills, to impart knowledge and to establish sound values in their students, as this will greatly assist in awakening our youths to form values and positive attitudes in relation to health and drug use in the 21st century .
Keywords: Drug use and abuse, Challenges, Approaches, Adolescents of Secondary Schools.
A SURVEY OF TEACHER AWARENESS AND UTILIZATION OF ICT FACILITY BY EARLY CHILDHOOD AND PRIMARY EDUCATION TEACHERS IN C.O.E WAKA BIU.
*ABDUL MUHAMMED, *MOHAMMED HAMMAN BARKA, *OKUNWE O. NICHOLAS **GONI SHETTIMA
*College of Education Waka Biu, Biu, Borno State, Nigeria **Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
With the introduction of computer literacy as pre-requisite for teacher’s appointment and promotion by the National Commission for Colleges of Education, the need to assess the level of Early Child Care Education teacher’s awareness and the extent of utilization of Information Communication Technology ICT facilities emerged. Therefore, the study examines ECCE teacher’s awareness and utilization of ICT facilities for effective teaching of ECCE in teachers’ training institutions of Borno State. The study is a survey design where questionnaire was used to sort information from twenty six (26) ECCE lecturers and library staff of the two available teachers training institutions in Borno State. Simple percentage and t-test were used to analyze the data obtained. The study revealed among others the non-availability of modern ICT resources in ECCE departments, lack of using the resource available in the virtual library by ECCE lecturers to teach the students and above all a significant variation was observed with respect to the level of utilization of ICT facilities available between the teachers of the two teachers’ training institutions in the State as tested under 5% significant level. The study recommend among others the need of enhance commitment by lecturers of ECCE in using the ICT facilities available in the school library.
Keywords: Survey, Education, Awareess, Utilization, Teachers
THE CONTRIBUTION OF ONLINE INFORMATION SERVICES IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES
*AUWAL MAGAJI ABUBAKAR *DEBORAH SARAH GADO & **HAUWA M. SALEH
*Department of Library and Information Science, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna **Department of Library and Information Services, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology Samaru Zaria.
There is a continuous evolution of the roles and functions of libraries and librarians, which appears to parallel the growth of acceptance and the user of the internet by library professional. Innovative use of internet technology enable us to reach both local and distant users much more easily and effectively than the hitter to possible. The introduction of the World Wide Web (WWW) facilities on the internet opened that way for organizations and individuals to start publishing information on the internet. Business institutions, academic and research institutions, religious institutions, etc. and using the WWW to advertise their products. Librarians have not been left out in using facilities particularly academic libraries. Internet is purely a paperless tool in communication. It is a network medium that disposes off transmission delays imposed by geographical distance. Internet can shrink social as well as geographical distance, it can support and sustain academic interest of the research community, and information retrieval systems are being designed to suit the needs of end users and therefore try to simplify the process simultaneously. However, the user is overwhelmed with so much information resources and choice that the process becomes complex. This creates a situation where the user need skills and knowledge in terms of search strategies and conceptualization. The shift in the academic library from printed resources to electronic resources that are accessible via internet and the fact that users can even request services via the network has led to a decline in users visiting the library. The growing electronic nature of the academic library is resulting in it becoming less visible as a physical entity to its users.
Keywords: Academic, Contribution, Services, Libraries, Online Information.
INFORMATION SEEKING BEHAVIOUR OF THE STUDENTS OF KADUNA POLYTECHNIC
QRISTEE M. MUYIWA AND LAWAN I. A. BIU.
This study investigates the information seeking behaviour of the students of Kaduna Polytechnic. A structured questionnaire was used for data gathering in the Polytechnic. The data collected were analyzed using frequency table and simple percentages for easy interpretation. The research findings show that the respondents use goggle, social media and e-books mostly as major research resources. Lack of time, poor internet facility within the school premises and lack of computer skills were found as factors affecting information seeking behaviour of the respondents. The following were recommended in line with the findings of the study: Provision of infrastructure for internet connectivity within the school premises, training of students on computers skills, as well as adequate coverage of information literacy skills in the use of library currently taught in the polytechnic.
Keywords: literacy skills, information seeking behavior, users ‘needs
EFFECTIVENESS OF USING ICT RESOURCES FOR TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA STATE
HABIBA MOHAMMED & HADIZA RABIU
Department of General Studies Education, Federal College of Education, Zaria.
This study is aimed at investigated the effect of using ICT on the quality of students reading comprehension in junior Secondary Schools in Kaduna State. To achieve this aim two government secondary schools were randomly employed (Government secondary School Dagachi and Government Secondary School Bomo) Government secondary school Dagachi was used as the experimental group while Government secondary school Bomo was used as the control group. A pre-test and post-test experimental design was developed. Thirty (30) students were randomly selected to formed the experimental group, while the rest of thirty (30) of them formed the control group. Both groups were exposed to pre-test in order to establish the level of their performance prior to teaching, while the post-test was administered after Ten (10) weeks of teaching. The experimental group we expose to reading comprehension lessons using ICT resources, while the control group were taught without using ICT resources. The findings revealed that there was a significant difference at the level of performance between reading comprehension scores of the two groups. It therefore concluded that the use of ICT resources in teaching reading comprehension can improve students reading comprehension.
Keywords: Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Reading, Performance.
A STUDY OF GOVERNMENT PROVISION AND DEVELOPMENT OF SCHOOL LIBRARIES: A CASE STUDY OF GOVERNMENT TECHNICAL COLLEGE BALI.
DANIEL M. MARKE
Federal Polytechnic Bali Library, Taraba State.
This study is a case study carried on Technical college Bali, Nigeria with a view to ascertain the level of government provision and development of school libraries. The importance of school libraries is recognized in Ekpo (2004) and Aramide and Gbotoso (2011), who view the provision of school library information services as very important and indispensable. The library is an extension of classroom activities with the purpose of making education more effective. Clerk (2010) argued that the most attractive elements of provision for pupils are reading materials. The Nigeria National Policy on Education (2004) identified libraries as one of the most important educational services that a government must provide for its citizens. It emphasized that all schools in the country should have a school library and be provided with suitable textbooks, trained librarians and library assistants for the services. Drawing from Campello’s (2010) theory known as “school library as a space for knowledge production”. A case study design was used, and it involved use of questionnaires administered to students as the main data gathering procedure, supported by data from interviews with the principal and the Executive secretary, and observation of library space and equipment which offer a systematic illustration of the standpoint of view of the students. The findings revealed that there is a mismatch between the national policy on education and the provision, development, and management of school library services which lead to the ineffective use of the school library. This study, therefore, recommends that a qualified librarian is crucial to good library services, that the school management board employ a trained librarian to take charge of the day-to-day responsibility of school library operations, providing up-to-date materials that are technological in their support of learning.
Keywords: Provision, Technical College, School Libraries, Development, Study.
EFFECTS OF CONFERENCE METHOD ON THE ACHIEVEMENT OF SENIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS IN SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION IN JOS NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA
*ECHOGA, BARTHOLOMEW ONYILO PhD & **OKWOR, IRENE NKASIOBI PhD
*Federal Government College, Jos, Nigeria **Department of Arts Education, University of Jos, Nigeria.
The study investigated the effects of conference method on the achievement of senior secondary students in sentence construction in Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau State. The research was motivated by the poor performance of senior students in written composition. One research question and a hypothesis guided the study. A quasi-experimental design, specifically the pretest posttest non-equivalent control group design was employed for the study. The sample comprised eighty students randomly selected from two public secondary schools while the population was 3,433 senior secondary I students in 20 Government public secondary schools in the Local Government Area. The sample was randomly assigned to experimental conditions. Expository Composition Writing Test (ECWT) and Narrative Composition Writing Test (NCWT) were used to collect data. The data collected were analysed using mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics. The results indicated that there was a significant difference between the mean score achievement of the experimental and control groups in sentence construction. It was recommended, based on the findings of the research that the conference method should be adopted by teachers of English Language to teach written composition and English teachers should focus on specific writing skills.
Keywords: Sentence Construction, Tenses, Writing, Written Composition, Conferencing
ART EDUCATION AND THE OPPORTUNITIES OF 21ST CENTURY CHALLENGES
UMBUGADU TALATU TITUS
Department of Fine and Applied Arts, College Of Education, Akwanga, Nasarawa State.
Art education is the process of learning about different types of artistic expression, including different media and formats for artwork and different movements and styles throughout art history. This type of education is usually taught by art teachers and can include practical understanding, such as how to use different tools to create artwork, or an understanding of how to appreciate artwork. Art education will usually focus on basic types of artistic creation, such as drawing, painting, and sculpture, though specialized classes in subjects such as pottery, digital art, and mixed media. This also look into the need for Arts education, Challenges of Art Education in Nigeria, Opportunities of Art Education in Nigeria and Nature of Art Disciplines. There is a growing body of Creative Arts learning and engagement that has a range of positive outcomes in terms of the lives of young people both in and out of school settings. Repositioning of teaching and learning of Arts Education in 21st Century. Conclusion, and recommendation and have been stated accordingly along with references.
Keywords: Challenges, Education, Opportunities, 21st Century, Art Education
EFFECT OF TEACHER QUALIFICATION AS DETERMINANTS OF STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS
JEJE, O .S, OLAGOKE, M. AND DR. (MRS.) DADA, B . K
Mathematics Department, College of Education Ikere Ekiti.
This study investigates the Effect of Teacher Qualification as Determinants of students’ performance in Mathematics. The target population was 24 SSS two students and Mathematics teachers in these schools. Four SS were selected in Ijero Local Government Area from the four schools selected, 20 SS 2 students each were further randomly selected giving a total of 80 students. Hence, all the Mathematics teachers teaching SS2 in the 24 SS were used. Teacher Questionnaire (TQ) and Teacher Made Statistic Performance Test (TMSPT) were used for the study. The TQ was aimed at identifying Teacher qualification and experiences. The second instrument (TMSPT) contained statistics questions that were taught to the students. Both instruments were properly validated by experts as appropriated with respect to adequate coverage of the variables in the study clarity of language. The study revealed that students taught by qualified Mathematics teachers improved upon their statistics achievement, problem solving behaviour as well as interest in statistics.
Keywords: Teacher, Determinants, Performance, Determinant, Qualification and Mathematics.
IDENTIFICATION AND EXAMINATION OF THE GENESIS, CONNECTIVITY AND RELAVANCE OF THE GOALS AND PHILOSOPHIES ON THE NATIONAL EDUCATION POLICY FORMULATION.
KHALIL AUWAL ABDULKADIR
Federal College of Education, Kano.
This paper examined the identification and examination of the genesis, connectivity and relevance of the goals and philosophies on the national education policy formulation. The paper first examines the concept of Philosophy and also the overall national Philosophy, the genesis of overall national goals, concept of Policy, and also national policy on education, and the genesis of national policy on education. The relationship between national philosophy, national goals and national policy on education, The Relevance of National Philosophies and Goals on Education Policy Formulation. Based on this paper recommendations were given The Nigeria’s overall philosophy needs to clearly and unequivocally re stated to reflect the global changes affecting Nigeria. This could be done through conferences of experts in philosophy, education and other fields of economy. A strong interconnectivity between the overall philosophy, national goals and education goals as well as educational policies needs to be established. This could be done when it comes to next edition of the NPE. Government should if possible overhaul or make some adjustments in its education polices so that the Nigeria’s overall philosophy and goals could be addressed.
Keywords: Education, Examination, Formulation, Connectivity, Relavance.
SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION IN KATAGUM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BAUCHI STATE
OKONMAH FAITH C
Department of Home Economics, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare Bauchi State.
The study investigated Senior Secondary School students’ perception of Home Economics Education in Katagum Local Government Area, Bauchi State. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and employed stratified random sampling technique to select the respondents. The target population was Senior Secondary Schools Students of Katagum Local Government Area, Bauchi State; and the sample size of 145 respondents was used. The data of the study was derived from questionnaire containing fifteen items. The study employed descriptive statistical analysis using the simple percentage method Data analysis to answer the research questions while Chi-Square was used to the test the hypotheses at 0. 05 level of significance. The findings revealed significant difference between perceptions of students on their Home Economics Education teachers’ methods of teaching. The teachers’ methods of teaching the subject make it interesting to students, allow them to ask questions and participate in classroom activity to acquire skills their own. The findings further showed significant gender influence on students’ perception towards Home Economics Education and also significant reasons on students’ perception for enrolling in Home Economics Education. The study recommended that government, non-governmental organization, parents and teachers should encourage more boys to enroll in Home Economics Education, the subject should be made a compulsory subject for students of secondary school and provision of Home Economics Education laboratory equipment in Public secondary schools.
Keywords: Home Economics Education, Perception, Students, Secondary School, Teachers