NIGHTINGALE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT (NIJECM)
VOL. 9 (4) DECEMBER, 2019. ISSN: 2167-4774
NIGHTINGALE PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
email@example.com | +2347087173247.
Copyright © 2019 Nightingale Publications and Research International
ASSESSING THE PROSPECT OF WAYFINDING SIGNAGE IN COMPARISON WITH MOBILE DEVICE NAVIGATION SYSTEM IN NORTHERN NIGERIA
*ABDULLAHI, AMINU MUHAMMAD (PHD) AND **ADAMU, FADA AMINA
*Department of Industrial Design Ahamdu Bello University, Zaria **Department of Printing Technology, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna
Graphic communication keeps peoples informed and directs them to an environment or location by the use of signage posts. On the other hand the rapid advancement in computer and mobile wireless communication system allowed travelers, visitors and the general populace to find path in a new environment through mobile mapping navigation. This is a challenge to graphic design prospects. It is in view of the above that this study strives to find out the prospects of wayfinding signage among people in Northern Nigeria. The study use survey research techniques. 265 questionnaires were established, representing 20% of the target population. Two objectives were formulated for the study namely; to determinethe degree at which people use wayfinding signage in the society. The second sought to determine the prospect of wayfinding signage in comparison with mobile device navigation system in the society. Descriptive statistics was used for the analysis of data. The result revealed that majority of the respondents use static signage post to locate the destination they are heading to than those using mobile navigation systems. The result also revealed that 86% of the respondents are facing miscellaneous problems for using the using mobile device system. The study concludes that static signage is still use and creates impact on people despite the development in computer. The study recommends for further study on different area with the same population sample.
Keywords: Assessment, Prospect, Wayfinding, Signage, Comparison and Mobile device,
EFFECTS OF CLAY IMPURITIES IN SAND ON THE CRUSHING STRENGTH OF CONCRETE
GANA A.J, ATOYEBI.O.D & ADESOJI.D.A
Civil Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Landmark University Omu-Aran. Kwara State
Concrete is regarded as the most used construction material in the world. This is primarily because of its hardness, strength, and ability to be molded into different shapes before it sets. Concrete is a mixture of cement, aggregate (fine and coarse) and water. Concrete is made having varying grades and strength e.g. (M15, M20, M25, M30, etc.) based on the mix ratio used e.g. (1:2:4, 1:1:2, 1:1.5:3, etc.). a number of factors are also seen to affect the strength of the concrete, one of these factors is the amount of clay present in the fine aggregate used for the production of concrete. Clay in the sand (fine aggregate) is considered an impurity as it can affect not just the strength of the concrete but also a number of factors. This is why closer attention must bepaid to the quality of aggregate being used in the production of concrete, as the use of low-quality materials may have detrimental effects of the properties of concrete in general. This research assessed the effect of clay in the sand on the strength of concrete, by modifying the fine aggregate in this case sharp sand with varying percentages of kaolin and using the sand to prepare the concrete mix with ratio 1:2:4. The mix was used to produce 9 cubes and 9 cylinders for each percentage of kaolin (0%, 2%, 4%, 6%, 8%, and 10%) to test the compressive strength and splitting tensile strength. The concrete specimens were cured in a water tank and tested after 7, 14 and 28 days. The results showed that the compressive strength after 28 days was 15.08N/mm2 at 0%, 15.50 N/mm2 at 2%, 15.53N/mm2 at 4%, 11.53N/mm2 at 6%, 10.76N/mm2 at 8% and 9.44N/mm2 at 10%, for grade M15 concrete. This shows that the acceptable percentage of kaolin in the sand should not exceed 4%.
Keywords: Effects, Clayey, Impurities, Sand, Crushing, Strength, Concrete
ASSESSMENT OF ETHICAL ISSUES IN PROPERTY MANAGEMENT PRACTICE IN ABUJA NIGERIA
ETETE EMEKA EMMANUEL & DR. O. RUKAIYAT
Department of Estate Management, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger state, Nigeria.
Property management a facet of the real estate industry is a profession concerned with the direction and supervision of real property. The growth in the real estate industry and rising demand from subscribers have consequently given rise to a huge demand for professionalism and qualitative services from real estate practitioners. The real estate profession in Nigeria thus faces challenges of unprofessionalism owing to activities of nonprofessionals and unprofessional conducts of some registered estate surveyors and valuers. Despite the structure put in place to check against unethical conducts, the problems bedeviling real estate management still persist. This paper examines the assessment ofethical issues in property management practice in Abuja Nigeria. Thus, using data analysis methods of descriptive and inferential statistics, the paper draws a sample size of 445 respondents, comprising of landlords, tenants and estate surveyors. Findings established that the extent of adherence to the code of ethics by property managers in Abuja and clients’ satisfaction with the services of property managers’ is significant. Conclusively the working relationship between property managers and clients is positive. Thus it is recommended that the body of NIESV improves on her progressive strength.
Keywords: Property Management, Ethics, Property Manager, Landlords and Tenants, Abuja.
THE EFFECTS OF POOR WASTE MANAGEMENT AND ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION ON THE AQUATIC LIFE IN RIVER USUMA, GWAGWALADA, ABUJA, FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, NIGERIA.
MALLO I.I.Y., AND MAGAJI, J. Y.
*Department of Geography and Environmental Management University of Abuja, Nigeria.
Dissolved Oxygen, temperature, conductivity, salinity, total dissolved solids and pH were determined in situ with the aid of a temperature and dissolved oxygen meter. Student t-test and one way Analysis of Variance from the SPSS package were used to ascertain the statistical levels of significance of the hypotheses tested. The results show a significant variation at 0.05 levels in the quantities of Fe (0.76), Ni (0.61), Cu (0.38), Cd (0.61), CN (0.12) and Pb (0.66) that were recorded in the water samples. Similarly, the concentrations of Cd, Fe, Cu, CN, Ni and Pb in the fish samples occurred in a descending order with higher values in cat fish, followed by sardine and least in Tilapia. Higher concentrations of heavy metals were recorded in the fish than the water samples. Likewise, the entrails of the fish contained more heavy metals than the flesh. About 65% of the parameters investigated were above World Health Organization (WHO) and Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) permissible limits, while 35% were within the safety limit E-coli, salmonella, shigella and related califorms were also detected. On the overall, the acidic pH of 5.5 coupled with the high level of heavy metals recoded in the present study, suggest that the aquatic environment of River Usuma poses a threat to the health of the inhabitants. Consequently, there is the dire need for urgent government intervention via Sanitary Inspectors, related health workers, and environmental specialists, to checkmate the situation through proper waste disposal system, water treatment plants, enlightenment campaigns and enforced sanitary measures, in attempt to curb or ameliorate the situation.
Keywords: Solid waste, Heavy metals, Fish, water, River Usuma, Microbial Organism
ASSESSMENT OF THE HEALTHY INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY PRACTICES ADOPTED IN THREE STAR HOTELS IN ABUJA
ISAH YUSUF, IGWE CHRISTOPHER OBETA (Ph.D) AND OWODUNNI AYANDA SAMUEL (Ph.D)
Department of Industrial and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
The study investigated the healthy indoor environmental quality practices adopted in three star hotels in Abuja. Indoor environmental quality is one of the key dimension of green building practices. The population of the study was 114 (89 facility managers and 25 registered builders). Two research questions were raised and two hypothesis tested at .05 level of significance guided the study. The instrument for data collection was a 20-items Questionnaire on Healthy Indoor Environmental Quality Practices in Three-Star Hotels (QHIEQPTSH) developed by the researcher. The questionnaire was validated by three building technology experts in the Department of Industrial and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State. A pilot test of the instrument was carried out in Lafia, Nasarawa State. The Cronbach alpha coefficient Method was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument and 0.80 was obtained as the overall reliability coefficient of the instrument. Data collected was analyzed and Mean and Standard Deviations were used to answer the research questions while Z-test analysis was used to test the hypothesis at .05 level of significance. Findings revealed among other things that 10 healthy indoor environmental quality practices are presently adopted in three star hotels in Abuja. It was also found that there is no significant difference between the mean ratings of facility managers and registered builders on the healthy indoor environmental quality practices adopted in three star hotels in Abuja. Based on these findings therefore, it was recommended among others that healthy indoor environmental quality practices should be adopted in other categories of hotels in Abuja in order to not only ensure the comfort and wellbeing of hotel customers, but to also preserve the environment.
Keywords: Healthy Indoor Environmental Quality, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Climate Change, Hotels and Sustainable Development.
ASSESSING THE STATE OF ARCHITECTURAL FIRMS IN NIGERIA: FIRM REGISTRATION, CULTURE AND ECONOMIES
SENIBI JAMES & AKENOSI IMHOGIEMHE
Department of Architecture, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
Despite the non-disputable fact that developing countries have been strongly believed to be the best region for market economies in infrastructure development, there has been a dearth of Architecture in relation with its people (through history and culture) which is being partly attributed to the inability of the local architectural practices to fulfill growing challenges in the construction industry: housing; sustainability; Green architecture, poor strategic and urban planning, lack of historical preservation, et al. This has been a source of concern to many and this paper aims to use empirical data to verify the veracity of these claims. It mines data from the official registration body in a target developing country (in this case Nigeria), and analyses this data to find out if the number of architecture firms, available and registered, are enough to tackle the challenges with respect to Architectural practice and business. It also checks the geographical mapping of these firms across the country and collects patterns for location clustering, which is then related to economies per state. Finally, it does an expository study on the general culture of the local architectural practice and tries to find out if this culture helps in fulfilling business criteria. Findings from the paper shows that the number of available and registered architectural firms are grossly inadequate and should directly lead to a massive pressure on the present legal architectural workforce. This implies a recommendation that the number of firms should be as much as fifteen times the current number to be comparable with a known standard figure in Architectural practice (using the Australia architectural firm registration data). The registration trend for Nigeria over the years have been haphazard; no logical conclusion can be gathered from this and further critical analysis will be needed. The mappings of architectural firms shows no regional bias but some form of slight bias shows in population, economy, and trade. The concentration of firms in a region reduces the economic value (ALEV) of that region, notwithstanding, a few regions have a very high economic value (ALEV) that can be ‘tapped’. Finally the culture of innovation, stability and business orientation are appropriate cultural values that can be geared towards fulfilling business criteria however all three values should be given equal importance in tandem so that proper long term architectural practices that are self-sustaining, profit-oriented and adequately fulfill its criteria objectives can emerge.
Keywords: Architecture, Architectural Firms, Architectural Economy, Architecture Culture, Architecture in Nigeria
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF TEMPERATURE TREND IN CHANCHAGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
OLOMIYESAN, ATINUKE OMOLOLA1*, YUNUSA, M.B.1 AND OLOMIYESAN, B.M.2
1Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria 2Examination Development Department, National Examinations Council (NECO), Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.
The gradual rise in the earth’s temperature is an issue of concern that calls for continuous investigation at different regions and climates of the world. This study therefore investigates temperature variability in Chanchaga local government area of Niger State, Nigeria. Thirty years (1989-2018) air temperature data retrieved from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was statistically analysed to identify trend in monthly, annual and seasonal temperature over the study area. Descriptive statistics and measures of variability such a: Mean, Standard deviation, Coefficient of skewness, Coefficient of Kurtosis, Standardized Anomaly Index (SAI) and Coefficient of Variation (CV) were employed in the analysis. The result reveals there is less variability in the temperature distribution over the study area. The annual mean temperature during the study period shows a fluctuating pattern and general increasing trend at the rate of 0.0610C per year. There is slight increase in temperature in the study area over the last two decades (1999-2018). This is a clear indication of the evidence of climate change.
Keywords: Climate change, Temperature, Descriptive statistics, NASA, Chanchaga
IMPACT OF GLOBAL WARMING ON HYDROLOGICAL IMBALANCE AT SHIRORO DAM NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
ISAH ABUBAKAR, DR. M. A. EMIGILATI & DR. I.G KUTA
Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology Minna, Nigeria
It is a growing concern about the current trends of global warming and climate change and how it is greatly affecting biosphere and hydrological imbalances across the globe. Therefore, this study attempts to analyze the impacts of global warming on hydrological imbalance of Shiroro dam in Niger state under the prevailing climate conditions. The study analyzes 30 years of meteorological (rainfall, evaporation and temperature) and hydrological data (reservoir level) of the station within the study area. Problems associated with variability in climate conditions were treated and aligned accordingly to provide background for the work. Statistical techniques such as regression and Time series analysis were adopted to determine the nature of the trends in hydrological variables and their significance levels. The study proofs evidently the occurrences of global warming in the study area while the temperature in Shiroro dam and it’s environ are increasing, the trends in rainfall at Shiroro were not significant. The assessment of the trends in the water balance parameters in the basin indicates that there is decline in the water yield over the decades. This may result in major stresses to the water supply in the near future.
Keywords: Global warming, Climate change, Temperature, Reservoir Level and Rainfall
ANALYSIS OF THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF FILLING STATIONS AND VULNERABILITY TO FIRE HAZARD IN KADUNA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
1MUSA KULAUSA HENA, 2MUSA ANJILI, 3RICHARD SUNDAY THLAKMA
1Department of Environmental Science, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State 2National Council for Arts and Culture (National Research Center for Durbar Traditions) Kaduna Zonal Office. 3Department of Geography, Federal University Kashere, Gombe State.
This study analyzed the Spatial Distribution of Filling Stations and Vulnerability to Fire Hazard in Kaduna South Local Government Area, Kaduna State. The methods includes data used for the names and addresses of filling stations in the study area as well as guidelines and standards for setting up a filling station was obtained from the Department of Petroleum Resource (DPR) and verified on site, while their coordinates were obtained by the use of hand-held Global Positioning System receiver (Germin 76S). These were plotted on a base map using ArcGIS 10.1. Maps are used to determine the locations, distribution, compliance to standard and densities (concentration) of the filling stations. The result of the study shows that the areas with the highest concentration of filling stations are in Makere and Kurmin Mashi and about 82% of the filling stations do not meet regulatory requirements for proximity to major roads. In addition, with the high population density in the study area, about 52 out of 93 filling stations are located within residential areas, which have vulnerable to fire hazard. It was recommended that both government and regulatory institutions should implement the concept of sustainable urban growth in order to balance land and urban development. Also investors must understand that investments are meant for public good and not the other way round. Therefore the general public should always insist on respect for their safety and lives by making sure that utilities or developments in their vicinity conform to safety regulations and development standards.
Keywords: Petrol, Filling-station, Vulnerability, Hazard, Disaster, Risk and Fire.
EFFECT OF AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES ON WATER QUALITY AT THE SULEJA DAM, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
NASIRU ABDULKADIR 1 & A. S. ABUBAKAR 2
Geography Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna
Problems associated with water quality in the study area are commonly attributed to nutrient, chemical and pathogen loadings into Suleja Dam as a result of point source and non-point source activities. Therefore, it was imperative to evaluate the effects of agricultural activities on water quality in Suleja dam, Niger State, Nigeria. The materials and methods utilised for this study were water samples, field observations, photographs and questionnaire administration. Data were analysed using statistical techniques such as the mean, frequency percentage and Analysis of Variance. The result revealed that the nitrate for the study area during the rainy season were very high above the permitted level (50mg/l) except sample X3 (23.8mg/l). The finding shows that fluoride was present in all sample points and two samples (X5 and X6) exceeded the acceptable limit of 1.5mg/l. The highest E.Coli value was located in sample point Y4 with value of 74cfu in dry season and the least was located in sample point X6 with value of 5cfu in rainy season. The result also revealed that there were presents of bacteria (Coliform and E.Coli) in all the sample points during the wet season which was as a result of human and animal faeces contamination. Incidence of health challenges in Suleja Metropolis showed cholera, diarrhea and typhoid are on the increase and this is attributed to poor drinking water quality from Suleja dam that has E.Coli of 74cfu which is greater than the accepted level. Year 2015 has the highest Diarrhea occurrence in the study area with 1,283 occurrence, 2014 has the highest Cholera occurrence with 198 and 2018 has the highest Typhoid occurrence with 273 in the study area. As revealed in the study, awareness against the high usage of fertilizer and pesticide around the dam ranked the highest with 173 (53.9%) respondents, disallowing the dumping of fish and poultry waste water in the dam ranked second with 69 (21.5%) respondents and the least was the enforcement on the Reduction of fertilizer usage around the dam with 39 (12.1%) respondents. This implies that were good preventive measures against the effect of agricultural activities on water quality in the study area. In conclusion, agricultural activities has both direct and indirect effects on the quality of Suleja dam and is among the leading causes of water quality degradation, mainly as a result of the excessive use of agrochemicals. Its therefore recommended that the conditions of Suleja dam can fluctuate periodically, so water quality of this dam must be measured regularly to observe trends.
Keywords: Suleja dam, Water quality, and Agricultural activities
ASSESSMENT OF OBSOLESCENCE AND ITS IMPACT ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY VALUES IN KONTAGORA, NIGER STATE
*USMAN JAMILA AND **PROF M.B NUHU
*Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Niger State Polytechnic, Zungeru **Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology Minna
This study examines the effect of obsolescence and its impact on residential property values in Kontagora, Niger State. Data for the study were collected from primary sources. To obtain primary data, Structure questionnaires were administrated to the occupant of Residential properties in Kontagora. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques. Likert scale was used to determine the factors that lead to various form of obsolescence on Residential property which reveals that poor maintenance habit of the landlord and the use of unqualified contractor has the highest relative importance index as 0.80 and 0.70. it is recommended that landlord, constructors as well as tenants should endeavor to take extreme care of the building they possess and ensure constant routine maintenance of the residential property.
Keyword: Obsolescence, Housing, Property Value
TOPOGRAPHIC EFFECT ON THE OCCURRENCE AND INTENSITY OF THUNDERSTORM IN PARTS OF NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA
ALIYU, BASHIRU & SULEIMAN Y. MOHAMMED
Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State,
Topography as one of the major factors or lifting mechanism for thunderstorm development which is prominently identified in this study area and this research work is intended to establish the relationship existing between topography and thunderstorm development and occurrence over the region under study. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of topography on the occurrence and intensity of thunderstorm in parts of Guinea Savanna part of Nigeria. The data used for this paper were secondary data. These basically include number of monthly thunderstorms occurrence, wind gustiness associated with the thunderstorms and total monthly rainfall. To achieve the stated aim, descriptive and inferentialstatistical analysis was use to analyze and compare the data collected. These include line graph and trend analysis. The results revealed that places with low topography has the tendency of low thunderstorm while places with high topography has the tendency of higher number of thunderstorm occurrences as well as high intensity. Another significant finding is that gusty winds of 100km/h and rainfalls of between 30 to 90mm are recorded in few hours of between 3 to 6 hours which are capable of destructions of buildings/structures as well inducing flash flood disasters as seen from the analyzed data. It’s therefore recommended that, there should be a proper way of classifying/categorizing data relating to thunderstorm intensity, rainfall amount and frequency of lightening data for easy access on request.
Keywords: Topographic, Thunderstorm, Occurrence, and Intensity
EXPLORING THE PRACTICE OF THE 21ST CENTURY WOMEN IN NIGERIAN VISUAL ART: A CASE OF TWO NORTHERN FEMALE ARTISTS
LADI ONYI ANDREA AGADA (Ph.D)
Department of Fine Art, Faculty of Environmental Design, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
In historic times, northern women in Nigeria were not as active as men in visual art. Ladi Kwali was just about the only northern female artist that stood out among the northern male visual artists of the 50s. Few women like Lami Bature and Kaltume Bulama are identified as northern women who actively practised visual art in the 80s. With the ever growing existence of globalization, technology and modernization, more northern female artists are changing the art world today in different ways. However, with limited information on female artists from the North, this paper seeks to explore the world of Talatu Adiwu and Leni Satsi as northern Nigerian female artists of the 21st century mastering in the fields of painting and sculpture respectively. Information on these female artists was sourced using oral interviews and electronic messaging. The descriptive method of analysis was used to present the findings on these artists. Adiwu and Satsi are contemporary female artists who have displayed creativity, acuity, resilience and originality in their respective visual art practice. These female artists are breaking gender barriers by standing out among their male counterparts. They have created fascinating body of work and are still churning out new works. Both artists are drawn to nature and environmental features. Adiwu whose art style is experimental in nature, draws inspiration from nature which she expresses with the elements of art such as line, shape and colour, while Satsi has carved a niche for herself by rendering her sculptures in a proportionate aggregate of different media, and a potpourri of realism and stylization. By so doing, they are paving the way for other female artists, bringing many to self-realization of their potentials and encouraging them to practice and excel. It is therefore recommended that, other contemporary Nigerian female artists, actively practising visual art, should be recognized and documented for the sake of posterity.
Keywords: Contemporary, Northern Female Artists, Art Practice, Nigeria.
ANALYSIS OF COMPENSATION OF KASHIMBILA HYDROPOWER DEVELOPMENT ACQUISITION PROJECT, TARABA STATE
AMOS, BILBONGA & PROF. M.B. NUHU
Department of Estate Management, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger state, Nigeria.
The study analysed the Assessment of Compensation of Kashimbila Hydropower Development Acquisition Project in Taraba State. The topic was necessitated by the idea that there is need for fair and just compensation benchmark in Taraba State. Governments are generally responsible for providing Public facilities and infrastructures and use of compulsory acquisition to dispossess persons, families and societies of their rights and interests in landed Properties and pay compensation to the deprived owners which over the years does not met the compensation benchmark. This study adopts a case study approach, and 426 questionnaire were distributed out of which5 to Federal Ministry of Power, 8 to Bureau for land and Survey, 7 to Federal Ministry of Water Resources,398 to affected households,4 to the Traditional Rulers and 4 to Estate Surveyors and Valuers. The purposive sampling techniques were employed to select respondents and linkert scale and percentage tables were used to analyse the data. Findings revealed that the levels of compliance to the international procedure of compensation for compulsory acquisition for hydropower dam construction in Kashimbila, Taraba State were very low and claimants accepted the compensation paid to them even if they considered it inadequate. It was also revealed that the levels of awareness on policy frameworks of compensation and resettlement for hydropower acquisitions scheme were ambiguous. Consequently, it was recommended that compensation for all land expropriation should be best on the international compensation benchmark and principle which employed open market value as the basis of restitution and claimants should be educated on the policy framework of compensation as well as introducing a standard resettlement policy on compulsory acquisition.
Keywords: compulsory acquisition, compensation, resettlement, facilities, Kashimbila and Taraba.
DEVELOPMENT OF AN EFFECTIVE HEALTH CARE FACILITIES MANAGEMENT STRATEGY FOR PATIENTS AND USERS IN (SELECTED PRIVATE & GOVERNMENT HOSPITALS) IN MINNA.
ADEYANKINNU OREOLUWA Y. & KEMIKI, O.
Department of estate management and valuation, Federal University of Technology Minna,
Health care service centres on providing emergency, preventive, rehabilitative, diagnosis care to patients and families, communities and populations at large. This paper focused on developing effective healthcare facility management strategy for patients and users in selected private and public hospitals in Minna. In other to achieve the aim these objectives were set forth, to examine the standard of facility management service delivery in the selected hospital in accordance to best practise and also to develop sustainable strategy for the hospitals service delivery and customer’s satisfaction. Various study were reviewed in other to further broaden knowledge, among the literature reviewed Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Guidelines opined that Health Care Facilities should include a diverse range of facilities and activities involving general hospitals and small inpatient primary care hospitals, as well as outpatient, assisted living, and hospital facilities. The methodology approach adopted for this paper is a descriptive research design that would provide analysis of precise details collected randomly from the population. . findings from this research shows that health care services available at the selected hospital is not effective for users and deduction from the study shows that the improvement of any healthcare services is dependent on having adequate financial resources to maintain healthcare facilities, equipment and utility services, and develop competitive service strategies. The study further recommends incorporation of Information and Communication Technology, and improved facilities management services whereby estate management service will be incorporated to further solve funding challenge faced by most secondary healthcare.
Keyword: Healthcare, Facility Management, strategy, patients, users, government, Private hospital, Minna.
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF FUEL WOOD EXPLOITATION ON THE SUPPLY AREAS AND LOCAL VICINITY IN GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA.
ADAM MODU ABBAS
Department of Geography, Federal University, Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria.
Fuel wood extraction and its implication for the environment and development have been on increase worldwide. It is a known fact that the utilization of fuel wood in Nigeria contributes greatly to desertification, deforestation and consequently has implications with regard to climate change. Very little is however known on the situation in Gombe State, more especially the extent of the impact. This study focuses on the assessment of socio-economic and environmental impacts of fuel wood exploitation in Gombe state. This was achieved through examining the patterns, levels and temporal variation of fuel wood supply between seasons; the empirical estimate of daily harvest and supply of fuel wood to various parts of the country from the sources in Gombe state, Nigeria. Two forest reserves were selected and five sites and communities in each of them were picked based on a checklist. Determinants of fuel wood such as quantity of fuel wood per kilogram per week were observed. Interview, focus group discussions (FGD) and questionnaire surveys were used to generate data from the respondents on the impacts of the exploitation on the socio-economy settings of the source areas. The environmental impact was assessed by conducting time-series analyses of satellite imageries such as LANDSATS over a period of ten years (2016-2017). The results show that the there are more negative impacts and the destruction was caused more by land clearing for agricultural production. Recommendations were made at the end of the study, based on the findings.
Keywords: Environment, Forest reserve, Fuel wood, Satellite Imageries.
ANALYSING THE WORKS OF HIDEKI TOKUSHIGE, OSIBOYE OLUWASEUN OPEYEMI AND THE MULTI- DISCIPLINARY APPROACH
OSIBOYE OLUWASEUN OPEYEMI
Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, P.M.B. 3473 KANO STATE
This study aims at analysing the works of Hideki Tokushige, Osiboye Oluwaseun Opeyemi and the Multi-Disciplinary Approach. The identified artworks that were analyzed for Hideki Tokushige are Madonna Lily and Chinese Lantern Plant, while that of Osiboye Oluwaseun Opeyemi are Evil Mask Men: Terrorist and Desert Warrior respectively. The study employed observational method of data collection and made use of descriptive method of data analyses to achieve the aims of the study. The brief study was therefore concluded with their similarities and differences which were deduce from their medium of expression, visual conceptualization and method of preservation.
Keywords: Medium, Mixed media and Multi-Disciplinary Approach
HEALTH AND SAFETY ON CONSTRUCTION SITES IN LOKOJA, KOGI STATE
ESAN, OLUSEGUN AKINTOMIDE1* KOLAWOLE OLAYIWOLA BASHIRU 2** KUPOLUYI TEMITOPE O.3***
*Building Department, the Federal Polytechnic, Idah **Architecture Department, the Federal Polytechnic, Idah ***Quantity Surveying Department, the Federal Polytechnic, Idah
The study investigated the health and safety practice on some selected construction sites in Lokoja Nigeria, the study identified the health and safety deficiencies and compromises on the construction sites. Recommendations are made on ways to avoid the continuous failures and compromises on health and safety on construction sites.
Keywords: Sites, Health, Safety, Construction, Health
BUILDING PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF OFFICE COMPLEXES IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, BIDA, NIGERIA
1SHEHU M.A., 2JIBRIN I.A.M., 3SULEIMAN N.A. AND 4UMAR M. K.
1,2,&3Department of Building Technology, the Fedral Polytechnic Bida 4Department of Quantity Surveying, the Fedral Polytechnic Bida
Human spends most of their lives inside buildings, then it is fundamental to note how well buildings match users’ needs, and identify ways to improve building design, performance and fitness. Building performance Evaluation (BPE) is a prominent tool that indicates satisfaction and comfort level needs of building occupants in a building facility. This research therefore, studies BPE of the office building in the Federal Polytechnic, Bida with specific reference to the Administrative Block (AB) and School of Art and applied Sciences (SAAS) buildings. Data were sourced through the distribution of 2 (two) sets of questionnaires known as Occupants’ Survey Forms A and B. various key indicators of performance and indoor environmental features of the buildings were studied and analyzed. The study was based on key group variables such as the physical, functional and performance indicators of the office facility. Quantitative techniques were used for the research through purposive sampling and investigative approach method was adopted in choosing administrative block and school of art and applied science which constitutes a large population of office accommodation in the Polytechnic. Data collected for BPE are analyzed using statistical analysis. However, improvisation and complaints are not necessarily the result of bad design. They could be the result of an outdated concept of design and/or lack of proper building facility maintenances. The research hereby recommend that all construction players should prioritize application of BPE as strategic level decision making and emphasized as continuous activity in environmental evaluation towards sustainability of building assets.
Keywords: Building, Environment, Evaluation, Indoor, Office, Performance
ANALYSIS OF RISK AND RETURN ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY IN INVESTMENT IN KANO, NIGERIA.
Z.U DODO1 R.A OGUNBAJO2 (PHD) A.N ADAMU3
1Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Niger State Polytechnic Zungeru 2Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology Minna. 3Department of Quantity Surveying, Niger State Polytechnic Zungeru
The paper analysis risk and return on residential property market in Kano with a view to examine the trend in returns of residential property investment types and the risk-return in relation to residential property investment. The study utilized descriptive (standard deviation, viariance, coefficient of variation) and inferential method (ANOVA). The results of descriptive analysis across the five markets showed. The properties sampled are 2B/R and 3B/R which showed that Badawa and Bompai maintained double digit over the other three market. And the variance result revealed that, variation in returns on residential property investment across the market in the selected areas of Kano is statistically significant since the p.value across the market are less than 0.05 level of significance.
Keywords: Analysis, risk – return, residential, property investment, ANOVA.
DETERMINING FACTORS OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES WILLINGNESS TO DONATE FOR IMPROVE CONSERVATION OF YANKARI GAME RESERVE, NIGERIA.
MUHAMMAD SANUSI IBRAHIM 1, HAMISU ALHAJI BASIRU 2, ABDULLAHI ADAMU 3
1Geography Department, School of General Studies, Abubakar Tatri Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2Geography Department, Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure, Jigawa State, Nigeria. 3Department of Environmental and Resource Management, Faculty of Engineering and Environmental Design, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
Funding is one of the major challenged facing the management of game reserves and protected areas. Sufficient financial funding is an important step towards improve conservation for sustainable use and benefit for the future. This study is to examine the factors that will determine the local communities willingness to donate (WTP) for improve conservation of YGR. A design dichotomous choice-contingent valuation method DC-CVM on 422 locals of adjoining communities of YGR, and the logit model was employed to estimate their willingness to donate for the improve conservation of the reserve. The result indicates that 314(74.4%) of the local respondents are willing to pay. From the result, Age, Years of education, income, membership of association and Awareness are the positively significant determinants of the local’s willingness to donate. The result outcome will guide policy makers and conservation management to incorporate peoples of reserve adjoining communities in the management and decision and also their donation will serve as additional fund to compliment the funding gap from government for improve and sustainable management.
Keywords: Conservation, Local Communities, Willingness to Donate, Dichotomous Choice-Contingent Valuation Method, Management, Policy Makers.
CERAMICS INDUSTRY IN THE 21ST CENTURY: THE PROSPECT
*ABDULSALAM SAMIRAH A. AND **AKILA YUSUF GUNOK
**Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Federal College of Education, Zaria **Department of Fine and Applied Arts, University of Jos, Plateau State.
Ceramics industry in 21st century; the prospect, Ceramics Industry have played significant role in uplifting the condition of the common man and the economy at large. However, the Ceramic industries in Nigeria are hampered with multifaceted problems which are encumbering their performances. Worried about the declining and or moribund nature of the Ceramic industries, this paper investigates the prospect of ceramics in Nigeria. The Ceramics industries in Nigeria, problem facing the ceramic industries are the inability to be provided with high quality materials. Because of maximization of profits, less attention is given to upgrading of raw materials through standard quality control. Another major problem is the use of unskilled labor for very sensitive industrial job coupled with bad administrative and industrial management of the resources without due consideration for the overhead cost. Involvement of tertiary institutions’ students in the various mass production techniques in some small and medium scales ceramic industries during their industrial training scheme will also bring positive development to the industries in the future. This industrial exposure has also increased the knowledge of these students especially in the area of mass production, product branding, marketing strategies among others.
Keywords: Ceramics, Industry, 21st Century, Prospect.
TYRE WASTE-STEEL FIBRE EFFECTS ON THE WORKABILITY, COMPRESSIVE AND STRENGTH OF CONCRETE
1 ABUBAKAR S., 2AJI A.B. 3MOHAMMED M. G.
1 Civil Engineering Department, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic – Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria 2 Civil Engineering Department, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria
The effect of tyre – steel fibre in concrete compressive strength was experimented with the view to achieve optimal in the factors, which would necessarily give a quality output in the strength parameter. The experiment was carried out with the introduction of tyre – steel fibre into the concrete while varying the fibre percentage content from 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5% and 2.0% and subjected the samples to 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of curing. Water content – cement ratio of 0.5 was adopted. The concrete mix ratio 1:2:4 was employed in the experiment also Control concrete cubes and Tyre Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete (TSFRC) cubes specimens were casted. The workability and compressive strength was tested and the results obtained were recorded and analysed. The results indicated that with tyre – steel fibre content of 0.5% by weight of concrete mass, an appreciable increase in compressive strengths was obtained. However, with tyre – steel fibre content beyond 1.5% by weight of the concrete mass, some progressive reduction in the compressive strengths was indicated. At 0.5% of fibre reinforcement, some of the limitations of concrete such as; Low tensile strength and Low ductility were overcome by the introduction of tyre – Steel Fibre (TSF).
Keywords: Compressive strength, Environmental Impact, Sustainable Construction, Tyre Steel fibres, Workability.