HARVARD INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (HAJASD)
VOL.13 (2) DECEMBER, 2020 EDITIONS. ISSN: 0081 – 3998
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ENTREPRENEURIAL TRAINING AND ORGANIZATION PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES IN NIGERIA
OMOTOSHO ABDULWAHEED OLAJIDE
Department of Business and Entrepreneurship, Kwara State University, Nigeria
The primary aims of cooperative societies are to provide social and economy needs of their members, also to enhance quality livelihood of their members. Members of cooperative societies in Nigeria are faced with major challenges such as investment decision, lack of marketing activities, loan delinquency and sit tight syndrome amongst other. As a result of these problems, improving cooperative members training had become utmost importance. This study investigate the effect of entrepreneurial training predictors such as financial literacy training (FLT) and marketing training (MT)on the organization performance used cooperative societies in Ilorin metropolis. A sample size of 380 respondents was drawn out of population of 12,671 registered secondary cooperative societies in Ilorin metropolis. The study administered questionnaire to the sampled respondents and multiple regression analysis was explored for the study. Descriptive analysis showed that all predictors of entrepreneurial training measured were evenly distributed. Therefore, the result of multiple regression analysis showed that there is significant relationship between entrepreneurial training dimensions (such as financial literacy training ,marketing training) and performance of cooperative society’s antecedents (such as job creation and start-up development). The study found that both two proposed hypotheses have a positive significant effect on the performance of cooperative societies. Further findings showed that entrepreneurial training dimensions such as financial literacy training and marketing training play an important role on the performance of cooperative societies. The study concluded that financial literacy training and marketing training is an important variables that helps and equip members of cooperative societies in the area of skills, knowledge, attitudes and confidence to create financial opportunities and financial risks. It was recommended that cooperative societies should focuses on financial literacy and marketing training that could leads to job creation and facilitate start-up development not only for cooperative members and but for the society at large.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial training, financial literacy training, marketing training, job creation, start-up development, performance, cooperative society
ASSESSMENT OF THE LOCAL CONTENT POLICY ON OIL AND GAS INSURANCE UNDERWRITING IN NIGERIA
Obinna C Chilekezi and Festus M. Epetimehin
Department of Actuarial Science and Insurance, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji
The study is on the assessment of the impact of the Local Content Policy on the underwriting of oil and gas in the Nigerian Insurance industry. It aimed at examining the relationship between the introduction of the Local Content Policy by the government and the performance of non-life insurance companies in Nigeria and to examine the gap as we have in dearth of study in this area of insurance. The study is a descriptive survey whereby 200 copies ofju questionnaire were distributed to respondents in selected insurance companies in the country. Data obtained were analysed with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Science 23 and the tool employed were Friedman test and regression analysis for hypothesis testing. The results showed the dimensions of the impact of the implementation of the Local Content Policy in oil and gas underwriting in the Nigerian insurance industry in terms of improvement of capacity, premium income but however the retention of the business is still low contrary to the provision of the Nigerian Content Development Act 2010.The null hypotheses were rejected and the alternate accepted. The conclusion from the study is that the pre-qualifications, tender processes and inadequate finances have significant impact on the implementation of the Local Content Policy. Also, that there is significant relationship between the introduction of the Local Content Policy and the overall performances of the non-life insurance companies in Nigeria.
Keywords: Underwriting Income, Local Content, Oil and Gas Policy, Insurance, Non-Life Policy
ANALYSIS OF NEED FOR IMPROVING ETHICS AMONG NIGERIAN LEADERS THROUGH ASSESSMENT OF BEHAVIOURAL TRAITS OF UNDERGRADUATES: A CASE STUDY OF ENVIRONMENTAL VALUATION STUDENTS
ISRAEL OKECHUKWU OGBONNA, PhD
Department of Estate Management, University of Uyo, Nigeria
Despite the fact that graduating students at convocations are presented as having been found worthy in character and in learning, assessment of undergraduates in Nigerian universities presently is basically limited to academic learning as marks are awarded for only that aspect while marks are not awarded for ethics or character of the students. With growing concern on the level of ethics of Nigerian leaders most of which are university graduates, this work therefore sought to analysis the need for improving ethics among Nigerian leaders by the universities having to award marks for behavioural traits of their undergraduates. The case study being Environmental Valuation students, the work used structured questionnaires administered on 55 students studying Environmental Valuation as a stand-alone course in Nigerian universities as well as 8 Specialist Lecturers of the Course. The finding was that majority of the students (77.8%) and Lecturers (100%) agreed that assessing and awarding marks for behavioural traits can have major/moderate effects in reducing cases of ethics and professional misconduct upon the students graduating and becoming leaders in the profession. The work therefore recommends that universities in Nigeria should begin to award marks for behavioural traits of undergraduates as a way of improving ethics among Nigerian leaders.
Keywords: Improving, Ethics, Nigerian Leaders, Assessment, Behavioural, Environmental Valuation Students.
UNLOCKING REAL ESTATE POTENTIAL FOR AFRICAN NEW SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: NIGERIA CASE STUDY
*SAKARIYAU, JAMIU KAYODE; *OJENIYI, SULAIMAN ADEKUNLE; & **MAKINDE, ABEL A;
*Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. **Department of Estate Management, the Federal Polytechnic, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.
Sustainable development is the hub of global economic policy. It focuses on inclusive or broad-based growth sustained over time. It also places emphasizes on environmental, economic and social considerations of developing countries to have a fulfilled wellbeing. The account of Africa in terms of new sustainable development is inundated with good and bad. Bearing it in mind that Africa as a continent happens to be one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It is blessed with a favorable weather and large landmass for agriculture, couple with the needed large resources in terms of human and natural resources. Therefore, it follows that African is seen as land of outstanding. Additionally, the real estate potentials are not well managed and as such real estate decay is already taking its toll, these and many others issues have thus inhibiting African new sustainable development. As the world felt impeding fall in sales-price of petroleum products and just recover from the loss suffered from the Covid-19 Pandemic, Unlocking the potentials of real estate is a veritable tool for sustainable development of developing nations like Nigeria. Nigeria is in economic tumult due to inefficiency on the side of government and individual to explore real estate potentials, high rate of corruption and over-reliance on oil and gas incomes among many others. Real Estate has the potential of releasing the much needed fund for our sustainable development. An approach is urgently needed; the one that is able to respond in a systematic and integrated manner to this key development goal is unlocking real estate potentials. Exploring real estate potentials therefore happened to be the solace to achieving Africa new sustainable development.
Keywords: Africa, Sustainable development, Real Estate, Real Estate Potentials, Nigeria.
EFFECTS OF ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF RURAL MICRO ENTERPRISES IN KUDAN LGA, KADUNA STATE
ABUBAKAR BASHIR IMAM AND ABUBAKAR AMINU ABDULLAHI
Department of Geography Federal University Gashua, Yobe State.
In Kudan LGA, several communities which have previously had access to electricity have recently suffered poor supply due to several factors which undermine the performance of the micro enterprises in the study area. The purpose of This paper is to examine the effect of electricity supply on the performance of micro enterprises in Kudan LGA. Two hundred and thirty micro entrepreneurs were used across the ten (10) wards of the LGA. The study used purposive sampling technique and data was obtained using questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive such as percentage and inferential statistics method(correlation analysis). The study findings reveal that, electricity supply and production and performance of micro enterprises are positively correlated and significant with P value as .001 at 0.01 significant level. Another finding is that , the availability of electricity supply increases the profit and income of micro entrepreneurs. There is a direct link between access to electricity and financial prospects of micro enterprises in the study area.
Keywords: Electricity, Supply, Micro Enterprises, Performance, Electricity
EXPERIMENTAL MODEL FOR FIELD ADOPTABILITY OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC – WIND HYBRID ENERGY SYSTEM FOR A SUSTAINABLE DC – AC VOLTAGE GENERATON
Department of Physics, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria.
Energy is generally required for motive power, electricity and heat .The commonly conventional source of energy for any utilization in Nigeria is the fossil fuel that is carbon based (CB) in nature and finite in supply. Generation of electrical energy from the conventional source (fossil fuels) has generated more problems than solution for man. The problems include environmental degradation leading to loss of biodiversity, finite nature of crude reserve, insecurity, corruption of all forms, high cost of processing and economic instability. Similarly, our experience of COVID -19 pandemic and the series of protects where movement of persons and products are being placed on restriction are pointers for scientists and engineers to look into an alternative, renewable, reliable and sustainable energy source(s).The energy from the photovoltaic and wind systems is renewable and respectively electromagnetic and mechanical in nature. For the maximum extraction of energy and its conversion from these two different sources, an optimum operating condition should be established as the energy from these sources is not constant at all times due to unavoidable natural phenomena. Variation in the day and night as a consequence of the earth’s rotation affects the intensity of sunshine and wind speed and the earth’s revolution that brings about seasonal variation that is responsible for the change in the direction of wind speed. In this work, the dc output voltages of a photovoltaic and wind energy system was cascaded and fed via a rectifying circuit for regulation and stabilization. The coupled dc output voltage was also fed via a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) inverter for de – rectification with the sole aim of obtaining an ac voltage. The halogen lamps and fan used here represent the sun and wind source respectively. The resultant voltage obtained is a multiple of the sum of the two separate voltages from the two energy sources used in this experiment at the optimum operating conditions – highest optical irradiation, maximum wind speed at zero degree position of light source to photo (solar) cell and fan to wind energy generator. It is recommended that for the field implementation of a photovoltaic – wind hybrid energy for the generation of a dc – ac voltage, an automated mechanism for tracking maximum solar intensity radiation, wind speed and position of both the sun and wind direction with respect to the solar cell and wind electric generator respectively be installed for efficient electric power extraction.
Keywords: Photovoltaic Energy, Wind Energy, Optimum Conditions, Resultant Output Voltage, Electrical Energy, Hybrid Power System Imlementation.
NON-OIL EXPORTS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: EVIDENCE FROM NIGERIA
LAWALI BELLO ZORAMAWA. 2MACHIEF PAUL EZEKIEL AND, (3)SALISU UMAR*
1Department of Curriculum Studies, Faculty of Education, Sokoto State University, Nigeria. 2Marketing Department, First City Monument Bank (FCMB) Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria. 3Department of Economics, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The study assessed the contribution of the non-oil sector to the economic growth in Nigeria between the periods 1981 and 2019. The study employed the ARDL bound test for cointegration to analyze the direction among the variables under review. The results of the analysis revealed that there is a negative and statistically significant relationship between non-oil exports (NOE) and economic growth (RGDP) in Nigeria during the period under investigation in the long-run for Manufacturing (MANX), solid mineral(SOLX) except for Agricultural export (AGRX). There is also a bidirectional causal relationship between non-oil exports and economic growth in Nigeria during the same period. The study, therefore recommended that the Nigerian government and other stakeholders should make a country’s non-oil export commodities more attractive and competitive in the global market which willprompt the demand for Nigeria’s non-oil goods at the international market.
Keywords: Non-Oil exports, Economic Growth,
LIQUID FUEL FROM CO-PYROLYSIS OF JATROPHA CAKE WITH BIOMASS WASTE AS ALTERNATIVE FOR FOSSIL FUEL: A REVIEW
1UNWAHA, J.I. 2MOMOH, S.B. AND 3ISSA, A. K.
1&3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State 2Department of Welding and Fabrication Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Mubi,
Several researchers have reported that oil produced from pyrolysis of biomass generally contains high level of oxygen content at (about 35-60 wt. %), which is associated with low calorific value that may leads to corrosion problem. Many studies have been undertaken to reduce the oxygen content through upgrading techniques such as co-pyrolysis. The reviews indicates;(i) Most of the experiment was conducted on fixed bed reactor (ii) The co-pyrolysis of biomass with plastic waste (polystyrene) reduces the oxygen content to about (86%) and raised the higher heating value (HHV). (iii) By increasing the composition of plastic waste in the feed blend, viscosity of bio-oil changed approaching to those of commercial diesel oil. The use of either plastic in the pyrolysis of biomass increases the liquid yield and also improves the quality in terms of its property. The liquid fuel produced by co-pyrolysis or catalytic co-pyrolysis of biomass with plastics waste has potential for use as a substitute for fossil fuels.
Keywords: Biomass Waste, Pyrolysis, Reactor, Catalyst and Fossil fuels
PRACTICAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP A TOOL FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA THROUGH VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION: EVIDENCE FROM YESSO PROJECT IN KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
AKANNI, LANRE FATAI; ISHOLA, MOHAMMED BELLO; ALUKO KUDIRAT ATINUKE; WAHAB, BABATUNDE HABEEB; & ALUKO MOHAMMED AMIN
Technical Education Department kwara State College of Education, Ilorin.
Nigeria in the past is confronted with a lot of problems due to her inability to meetup with economic development indices like, unemployment and higher rate of poverty leading to many anti-social activities such as prostitution, arm robbery kidnapping and other activities which is inimical to the development of the nation. Based on this, this paper therefore examined practical entrepreneurship through vocational and technical education for sustainable economic development in Nigeria using YESSO project in kwara state as a case study. To achieve these objective, the concept of sustainable economic development, entrepreneurship, vocational and technical education were examined. Empirical analysis of the effect of vocational and technical education for practical entrepreneurship was also examined. Random sampling technique was used to select 40 respondents for the study, while Analysis of Variance ANOVA and Multiple Regression Analysis was used to analysed the data through Stata 11 statistical tool. The result of the two tested hypotheses revealed that there is significant effect of vocational and technical education training of YESSO on the employment generation in Nigeria. And that there is significant relationship between vocational and technical education of YESSO and poverty reduction in Nigeria. Based on these result some recommendations were made as follow: That federal government of Nigeria should place emphasis on vocational and technical education, by given the necessary human and material resources for the effective implementation of the programme. Encourage Nigerians to go into entrepreneurship by given enable environment such as provision of local and international market, capital and material for effective operation of entrepreneur. Government should give follow up on YESSO programme and any other programme even after graduation to allow for effective operation of the programme.
Keywords: Sustainable Development, Entrepreneurship, Vocational Education, YESSO Programme, Poverty rate, Unemployment, Practical skill
FINANCIAL INCLUSIVENESS AND SUSTAINABLE ENTREPRENEURSHIP FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
*OBIAH, MMADUBUIKE EMMANUEL; & **NWANERI CHIOMA J
*Department of Accountancy, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo **Department of Business Administration & Management, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo
This paper investigated the relevance of financial inclusiveness in sustainable entrepreneurship for national development. The paper adopted qualitative descriptive design to gain insight into the need and reality of financial inclusiveness and sustainable entrepreneurship for national development. The researchers used content analysis; therefore, the study which is an opinion paper draws its argument from secondary data. The study identified exclusion of most active entrepreneurs particularly the youths from access to funds probably because of their income level, and observed that such situation cannot guarantee sustainable entrepreneurship in Nigeria. Hence, the paper suggested among others a robust financial inclusiveness including the rural areas for sustainable entrepreneurship that will take cognizance of the active poor, and that will contribute and transform into national development through constant and progressive economic growth/development.
Keywords: Financial Inclusiveness, Entrepreneurship, Sustainability, National Development
URBANISATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ABUJA CITY, NIGERIA
1UDUAK OKON JEREMIAH; 2EFANGA OTU EFANGA; 3UBOKOBONG NSONGURUA ESSIET; & 4UDUAKOBONG VICTOR JIMMY
1Department of Estate Management, School of Environmental Studies, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic Ikot Osurua 2Department of Architecture, School of Environmental Studies, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic Ikot Osurua 3Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Environmental Studies, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic Ikot Osurua 4Department of Quantity Surveying, School of Environmental Studies, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic Ikot Osurua
Rapid urban population growth in Nigeria and sub-Saharan Africa has brought a host of problems along with it. The fiscal, infrastructural and social conditions in these urban centers have been incapable of providing a decent standard of living for their residents, aggravated by high birth rates and a steady rise in the level of rural-urban migration. With a population of approximately 188 million and an international human development index ( HDI) of 152 in 188 listed countries, Nigeria’s urban centers are plagued by weak stability, epileptic power and water supply, poor sanitation, health problems , high construction costs among other problems (NPC 2017). This qualitative study builds on current knowledge about the emerging problems facing Nigeria’s urban environment with an emphasis on Abuja, Nigeria ‘s Federal Capital as a primary event. This paper also analyzes some of these longstanding problems, their interrelationships and how they intensify the Nigerian government’s failure to overcome them. In addition, the conclusion sets out a solution to these challenges with guidance on the process of unraveling Abuja City’s dynamic corporation problems for sustainable growth.
Keywords: Urbanisation, Sustainability, Development, Challenges, Abuja City
AN EXAMINATION OF THE KEY FACTORS OF DEPRECIATION AND OBSOLESCENCE FOR SUSTAINABLE COMMERCIAL BUILDING DESIGN IN LAGOS METROPOLIS
OLOJEDE, I. O.; MURITALA, A. O.; AJIBADE, N. A.; SAKA, J. F.; & ONI, F.
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, the Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Saki.
This paper identified the sustainable building design factors that are relevant to commercial property depreciation in Lagos Metropolis. Estate Surveyors and Valuers, who are well versed with the knowledge of commercial property sector and sustainability factors in Lagos Metropolis were randomly asked through the administration of questionnaire to state their perceptions of the design factors as they influence commercial property depreciation and obsolescence. The findings present evidence that all the five factors of sustainable building design paradigms are relevant to commercial property depreciation and obsolescence as agreed by the sample as a whole. Nevertheless, the level of relevancy varied from one factor to another with sustainable building status, site and soil characteristics and design configuration dominate the top three ranking in this study. Further study using market based evidence to investigate the impact of sustainable building design paradigm on commercial property depreciation in Nigeria is recommended.
Keywords: Design and Building; Commercial property; Depreciation and Obsolescence.
DETERMINANTS OF TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN GOMBE METROPOLIS, NORTH-EAST, NIGERIA
1MUSA KALIDAI GANA; 2 DAUDA WAZIRI A.; & 3LAWALI RABIU
1National center for Remote Sensing Jos 2&3Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria.
This study aims at providing information on the prevailing determinant of traffic congestion. A structured questionnaire was randomly distributed to 354 drivers who are conversant with the study area were requested to weight the variables that identify factors responsible traffic congestion in accordance with 4 – point Likert Scale. Relative Factor Index (RFI) across their responses was computed The result revels human factor, technical land use and physical factors are obstructing efficient road traffic flow hence the need for improvement in terminal facilities, landuse relocation, and Participation of road users in future road design.
Keywords: Congestion, Metropolis, North-East, Gombe, Determinants, Traffic.
APPLICATION OF DIGITAL TERRAIN MODEL AS A TOOL FOR FUTURE INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT
ZAKARI, DANLADI; ADAMU MAKAMA PINDIGA; SURV. AHMED, BABAYO; & ABUBAKAR ABDULKADIR
Department of Surveying and Geo-informatics, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
The aim of this research is to produce digital elevation model (DEM) for environmental sustainability. The procedure adopted for this research comprises of field reconnaissance, in which the boundary stations were selected and monumented. Ground surveying method was adopted in carryout the field observation. The instrument was setup on an existing control with a beacon number SC/BA 500 which was used for connection. The coordinate of the point was collected from the Department of Surveying and Geo-informatics, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. The spatial data were obtained from the field using Global positioning system (GPS). The data obtained was exported in to ArcGIS 10.3 version for production of digital terrain model (DTM). The DTMs generated were analyzed for future infrastructural development. The generated DTM is found to be sensitive to height interpolation Methods as well as the terrain nature. The DEM portrayed the actual terrain configuration which will serve as a tool for future development.
Keywords: Digital Terrain Model, Interpolation, Earth configuration, Spatial Coordinates, Analysis and Accuracy.
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT AND BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
OMOROGIEVA, AGBONMWANRE. ANTHONY; ARIY, IGBEKELE ANTHONY; & ASUQUO, ANIETIE. OFFONIME
Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic Ukana, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
The development and transformation of Nigerian and the Sub-Sahara Africa is highly dependent on youth empowerment through business development. They are the backbone of economic development all over the world and play important role for employment, income and societal changes, particularly in transition economies like Nigeria. This paper is concerned with the extent to which business development in Nigeria has helped to reduce youth unemployment and also the challenges and prospects for the development of entrepreneurship. The study revealed that such policies and initiative by government has affected the “transformation question”. This is due to the increase of corruption, inadequate and inefficient infrastructural facilities and maladministration. The paper concludes that business development is an engine for job creation; innovation and diversity and Nigeria’s entrepreneurs have a long way to go before they can effectively drive changes in the economy; and recommends that Government (policy makers) should genuinely recognize the essence of entrepreneurship to economic development by providing the enabling environment and secured environment for the youth to be gainfully employed for economic development and also provide adequate infrastructural facilities (water, electricity, road network, communications etc).
Keywords: Unemployment, Business Development, Business, Youth Development.
PROPHET MUHAMMAD (SAW), A STATESMAN AND ADMINISTRATOR OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
*AUWAL GAMBO PALI**ABUBAKAR GARBA UMAR***IBRAHIM SULAIMAN GALADIMA (Ph.D).
*/**School Of Atrs And Social Sciences, A.D. Rufa’i College Of Education Legal And General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.***School Of Undergraduate Studies, A.D. Rufa’i College Of Education Legal And General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) in Mekka was only a religious leader, but with migration to Medinah, he became not only a religious leader, but also a statesman who strategized a restored system of government for decent policies and sustainable development, economically, socially, morally, and educationally, with a strong security in the state. The study aims at viewing the historical approach of such extra ordinary progress accomplished within a short period of thirteen years. The method applies is library based, by reviewing some Islamic literatures of politics, political administration, and the prophetic biography, giving more thoughtfulness to internal policy of the prophet (S.A.W). The result of the research ascertains that the policy and statesmanship of the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) is exemplary, perfect, ideal, model, as well as apparatus en route a sustainable development in which every epoch of life, notwithstanding of race, colour or land within a map of the globe, as is based on Allah`s law and fair play pattern.
Keywords: Administration, policies, development, statesmanship.
PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION FOR SUSTAINABLE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
*JAMIYAL DAUDA NATHAN; *YARI ZUWAIRA; AND *ISHAQ HASSAN ABUBAKAR; **ADAMU HASSAN SHINGA; AND **YAKUBU TABITHA-
*Department of General Studies, Gombe State Polytechnic, Bajoga. **Department of Public Administration, Gombe State Polytechnic, Bajoga.
This paper has examined how the environment of a nation can be developed by proper public policy implementation. The ability to sustain the natural world and the need for humankind’s stewardship of resources. To what extent does public policy implementation affect national development is a key question. Government is responsible for protecting the environment in the face of rapid industrial growth, but ineffectiveness in policy implementation compounded by a multitude of actors and interests, and often inadequate resourcing, threaten the possibility of development. The research adopted the Elites theory. The source of data was primarily, secondary. It was observed that challenges such as corruption, faulty programme theory, unclear goals and objectives, lack of coordinated planning, lack of standardization, complexity joint actions etc, limits public policy implementation. The research concluded that good leadership and continuous and close monitoring of projects and programs among others facilitate public policy implementation. It thus recommended that there should be good theoretical back up on policies, policy legitimization, set goals and objectives, proper resource allocation, organization design among others for effective policy implementation towards sustainable National development.
Keywords: Public Policy, Implementation, Sustainable, National, Development.
REVITALIZING ENDANGERED LANGUAGES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
AISHA MOHAMMED YERO; LUCIA OWOSENI; & RAMATU IDRIS
Department of Languages, Kaduna Polytechnic.
The paper explores the challenges to linguistic vitality confronting many minority languages in a heterogeneous society such as Nigeria with over 450 minority languages. The paper discusses the possible underlying issues that could lead to a language becoming endangered because of the attitude of speakers towards such language, lack of written literatures and assimilation due to the economic benefit inherent in other languages. The aim of this paper is to suggest and proffer the possible ways in which a language(s) would not be endangered. The peculiar challenges presented by cultural, religious and socio- political practices to language use in a country like Nigeria are highlighted particularly when the society is expected to ensure that languages change to outwit change in terms of adequate allocation of function. The paper observes that minority languages in Nigeria have become endangered while the so called majority languages like Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba continue to flourish.
Keywords: Development, Revitalizing, Language, Endangered, Sustainable
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS: THE COVID-19 EXPERIENCE
Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
The significant role played by the entrepreneurs in the economic development of advanced countries had made the underdeveloped countries conscious quest for the development of entrepreneurial skill among it citizenry. This paper focused on assessing the impact of entrepreneurship on economic development particularly in Bauchi metropolis. The research design adopted is qualitative in nature; the sample of the study consists of 361 entrepreneurs randomly selected in to two major markets in Bauchi metropolis i.e. Wunti and Central Markets. In line with the design of this study, the data collected from literature review, documents analysis, and interviews in order to obtain views from a wide variety of perspectives, data obtain was analysed using ANOVA and content analysis. The study was guided by three research questions and one hypothesis. The findings of this study indicate that entrepreneurship significantly influences economic development, entrepreneurship had positively improved per capital income as well as significantly influence created wealth in Bauchi metropolis. The researchers recommend that State Government should introduce entrepreneurship education at the Almajiri School through mentoring programme; they should be synergy and collaborative effort between vocational institutions and some government agencies.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Economy, Development, Standard of living, Wealth creation.
RESEARCH IN NIGERIA HIGHER EDUCATION AND THE CHALLENGES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
AINA, JACOB KOLA, PhD; & ABDULRAHMAN ABDULGAFAR OPEYEMI
School of Science Education, College of Education (Tech.) Lafiagi, Kwara State, Nigeria.
The review is on researches in Nigerian higher education and the impacts on the sustainability of Nigeria nation. The script critically reviewed some challenges confronting research studies in Nigerian universities: few of these are inadequate facilities, funds, and corruption. It was argued that the difficulties impact the sustainable development of the country. The paper concludes with suggestions of ways forward; among these is the overhauling of Nigerian universities’ postgraduate programmes.
Keywords: Research, sustainable development, corruption, postgraduate, higher education.
SHOWCASING SMART TOILET PARK FOR SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN BAUCHI
1AMINA BATA ZOAKAH; 2DONATUS EVEREST AKALAZU; 3KABIRU ZAKARI
1&2Department of Leisure and Tourism Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 3Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
Toilet means internal or external space for defecation or to excrete, while Tourism means the business of providing products and services for people traveling for the purpose of holiday, recreation and relaxation, e.t.c. Therefore, Toilet Tourism is a business of travelling for the purpose of health, transportation, water, sanitation and hygiene impacts in tourism destinations. The water, sanitation and hygiene, transportation of goods and services to support toilet infrastructure in Bauchi with good landscaping, accessible and universal designs as one of the states identified with open defecation free environment in Nigeria can never be under estimated as a toilet park. This relationship of Toilet and Tourism in this work will therefore look deeply at Bauchi metropolis through semi-structured interviews with stakeholders visiting the well designed, constructed and maintained Smart Toilet Park at RUWASA office, Bauchi state. The Nigerian tourism health sector is faced with inadequate sanitary facilities as access to improved sanitation is a major concern in Nigeria. In 2017, only 35% of the population had access to improved sanitation which is not shared and 11 out of all the 774 local governments in Nigeria is open defecation free. Bauchi is one of the moderately open defecation free area which paved way for adequate market for toilet business to thrive, in order for the community to migrate totally from partial open defecation (OD) to total open defecation free (ODF) using the concept of low-cost but high-quality toilets called ‘SMART TOILETS’. Following the successful scaling up of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in Nigeria, with Bauchi as one of the SHAWN states since 2009, implemented as the forerunner to create the demand and supply of improved sanitation facilities. Meeting the Sustainable Development Goal 2025-2030 targets on Sanitation in Nigeria requires households to construct over 2.4 million improved toilets every year up to 2030, which is a 15-fold increase in the current rate of latrine uptake in the country. Findings in this work indicates that more awareness and campaigns are needed through Toilet tourism by user experience survey of the smart toilet park, which will be critically analyzed by qualitative and quantitative means as majority of the household respondents mostly prefer Temporary single offset, TYPE 2 smart toilet while the least was Permanent double offset, TYPE 5 smart toilet, using SPSS (Statistical Package for Services Solution). It is therefore recommended that government and stakeholders should strictly enforce and implement the laws that will promote ‘Use The Toilet Campaign’ towards positive development in the state by providing more improved Smart toilets products and services, in line with the current Presidential declaration of state of emergency on sanitation and the signing of the Executive Order to end open defecation in the country by 2025.
Keywords: Declaration, Park, Sanitation, Stakeholders, Water
STRATEGIES FOR ACHIEVING ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
CHUKWU CHIBUGO HAPPINESS
Federal College Of, Education (Technical) Bichi
Achieving entrepreneurship education for sustainable development in developing countries is an international commitment that aims at lifting the standard of education in underdeveloped nations by the year 2020. Various developing countries had tried to translate the objectives of realizing efficient entrepreneurship educational system into reality but had met with myriads of difficulties. The paper suggested some strategies that would enhance the efforts of these nations to realize education for sustainable development. These factors among others include effective utilization of ICT, implementation of technical and vocational education system, funding of entrepreneurship educational systems, establishment of businesses, recruiting qualified teachers with appropriate knowledge, supervision and monitoring and adequate teacher preparation. It was recommended that adequate fund should be provided for financing educational system, materials, teacher training institutions should be upgraded for production of more quality teachers among others and effective utilization of ICT for instructional purposes should be introduced into all entrepreneurship educational systems.
Keywords: Developing, Entrepreneurship, Strategies, Sustainable, Education.
MASS MEDIA IN SUSTANAINABLE OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
RAJI CHRISTIAN MOJEED; & OKE OLUBUNMI JUSTINA
Mass Communication Department, the Polytechnic Ibadan
Development is a concept that always attracts attention in all countries of the world. A nation that does not develop is considered to be among the third world nation or developing nation. A nation is referred to as third world nation because of the fact that she does not meet certain criteria which other part of the developed countries have or she is not meeting the standard at which the other nations of the world progresses. Development in any nation makes such country to be attracted to investors to establish their product or services into the country. Also, it had made many citizens all over the world to make a developed area a center of abode and settlement of a green pastures since they enjoy their living in such an area comparing to developing areas or third world nations. In this view, development is very unique and it is therefore a must for every nation to embrace not only for development sake but for a legacy which others should also emulate since it is a continuous process. This explains why at seminars, conferences locally or international inclined development occupies a central position.This paper examines the concept of development, the problems facing development in Nigeria, the theoretical framework and sustainability of development in Nigeria. However, due to the special position occupied by the mass media in Nigeria and the attributes which the mass media possess, it is however, for us also to mention the role of mass media in sustainable national development owing to the duty which it performs in our society and in Nigeria at large.
Keywords: Sustainable, Mass Media, Nigeria, National, Development.
THE INDISPENSABLE ROLE OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: THE NIGERIAN CASE
*ABUBAKAR SADIQ MUSA; *ERIC OGHENEOCHUKO BOSIN; & **IORWA ESTHER
*Department of Languages, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna State, Nigeria **Kaduna Polytechnic
Previous researches and prevalent issues have revealed that the world has indeed become a global world with a dominate language which is the English language. English has become a unifying factor in multilingual multicultural nations. In Nigeria precisely, the English language occupies a unique position and consequently plays a very significant role in the formation of national values and integration of the nation state. This is owing to the fact that the country is a multilingual nation with diverse ethnic groups and cultures. Such diversity has made it imperative on the nation to use English in almost all her correspondences. The main thrust of this paper is to examine what roles the English language plays in the attainment of sustainable development goals and agenda. This paper therefore explored the roles of the English language in contemporary Nigeria in particular and the world at large and this exploration is in concordance with sustainable development goals and their subsequent attainment.
Keywords: Sustainable Development, Multiculturalism, National values, Economic growth
EMBRACING EFFICIENT PROPERTY DATA BANK FOR AFRICAN NEW SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: NIGERIA CASE STUDY
1ESV ADELEKE, MOSES ADEGBILE; 2MRS NGOZI IFEANYI UWAEZUOKE; 3ESV OYELEKE, OYEDIRAN OLUFEMI; 4OTUNOLA ABDULAKEEM O; & 4OLAITAN ADEDEJI
1Department of Estate Management and Valuation, the Oke Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State, Nigeria. 2Department of Estate Management, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. 3Department of Physical Planning, Federal Polytechnic of Oil and Gas, Bonny Island, Rivers State, Nigeria. 4Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal polytechnic, Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria.
Sustainable development is the heart of global policy talk. This is evidencing in it placing emphasizes on environmental, economic and social considerations of developing countries to have a fulfilled wellbeing. The report of Africa regarding sustainable development is snowed under good and bad. Bearing it in mind that Africa as a continent emerged to be one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It is blessed with a favorable weather and large landmass for agriculture, couple with the needed large resources in terms of human and natural resources. The absence of effective property data bank to support investment decisions or benchmark valuations of properties is affecting prospective investors from committing funds to the real estate investment and thus poses a peril to the economy. The severity of situation has continued to linger a black box within the Nigeria economy. Availability of and accessibility to effective property data bank is connected to the operation of the Nigeria economy and property market. This paper critically examined the new sustainable development and the need for developing an efficient property data bank for Nigeria as an African nation. This study revealed that inaccessibility to reliable data has been a barrier to African economy and Nigeria specifically. It further revealed that the Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers should as a matter of urgency just like their counterpart in RICS, UK should join hands together and create an effective Property Databank (EPD). The effective property databank created as such should therefore be available and accessible to anyone that requires such information even at a small amount.
Keywords: Africa, Sustainable development, Property Data Bank, Economy, Nigeria.
THE LEGAL IMPLICATION OF COVID-19 AND THE ENFORCEMENT OF STATE OF EMERGENCY IN INTERNATIONAL LAW
EO ENAKIRERU, PhD
Lecturer, Delta State Polytechnic, School of General Studies, Department of Arts, Otefe- Oghara.
The article exermine the limit international human rights law impose on governments during emergencies, the enforcement of such limit and how does COVID-19 fit in these conceptualizations. The article examine the fundamental rights under section 40 as well as other rights, i.e, under section 37, 38, 39 and 41 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (CFRN) 1999 has to be read subject to what is reasonable within the democratic society, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (“ICCPR”) American Convention on Human Rights (“ACHR,” European Convention on Human Rights (“ECHR,) European Social Charter (“ESC,”). The article concludes that as the states bear the responsibility of protecting their nations, modern day international human rights law is designed precisely to protect people from governments that abuse their powers.
Keywords: Human rights, Emergencies, Enforcement, Rgulatios and Covid-19 pandemic
THE PROBLEM AND PROSPECT OF BUREAUCRATIC ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA
DR ANTHONY EMHENYA IYOHA
Department of Political Science and public Administration, Edo University, Iyamho
Bureaucratic is’ red tape or red tapism’ By this they see bureaucracy to mean excess of paper work and rules leading to gross inefficiency. They argue that the strict adherence to rules leads to inefficiency , waste of time and is not result oriented. However, Bureaucratic form of government has gained widespread recognition in the practice of organization both in the developed and the developing countries. This model continues to influence the development of modern organization. The paper used secondary source of data and recommends that If public bureaucracy is to become development oriented, there is the need for reappraisal of the organization and structure, and should start with recruiting personnel on the basis of merit. Recruiting personnel on the basis of federal character is to sacrifice efficiency and effectiveness. The paper concludes by pointing out that many of the public enterprises short-comings can only be ameliorated through management reforms.
Keywords: Bureaucracy, Authority, Officiadon, Power.