African Scholar Journal of Education Research and Library Practice Vol. 27 No. 8 1


VOL. 27 NO. 2 DECEMBER, 2022 ISSN: 2659-1999



Published by:

African Scholar Publications and Research International,

Centre for African Studies,

University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.


Copyright © 2022 African Scholar Publications and Research International.


Psycho-Instructional Approach to Discipline Tribulations in Nigerian Schools in Post Covid-19 Era


Adebayo, Olalekan Rahman

Department of Counselling Psychology and Educational Foundation, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Ogun State.



Discipline being a crucial ingredient in the success of any human endeavour including the school cannot be disregarded. A little deviation from discipline results to tribulations in discipline and these brings several challenges upon the school. This position paper dwelled on using psycho-instructional approach on discipline tribulations in Nigerian schools in post covid19 era. The paper elucidated discipline as a concept, types of discipline, causes of discipline, prevention using Psychoanalysis and Individual psychology theories along instructional strategies as approaches to problems of discipline in post covid-19 era. It recommended that Counsellors should ensure that counselling services within the school system is effective to curb irregularities within students, staff and parents. Also, Government and school authorities should state school rules and regulations clearly to all stakeholders including the students.

Keywords: Discipline, Instructional-approaches, Psychological-approaches, Tribulations, School.




Interactive Effects of Jigsaw II, Learning Together and Guided-Discovery Learning Strategies and Gender on Students’ Achievement and Retention in Basic Science in Nasarawa State, Nigeria


Salisu, Danladi Amina; and Samuel, Iwanger Ruth

Department of Science, Technology and Mathematics Education, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria



This study investigated the Effects of Jigsaw II, Learning Together and Guided Discovery Learning Strategies on Basic Science Students’ Achievement and Retention in Nasarawa State. Two research questions guided the study and two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted 4×2 factorial non-randomized and non-equivalent, pre-test, post-test and post-post-test quasi-experimental design. The population for the study comprised 13,484 Upper Basic II Basic Science students in Nasarawa State West Senatorial Zone. Multistage random sampling technique was used to draw 186 Upper Basic II students from four co-education public Basic schools in Nasawara State West Senatorial District as the sample for the study.  Basic Science Students’ Achievement Test (BASSAT) was employed as instrument for data collection. The reliability of BASSAT was determined using Kuder-Richardson 21 (KR21) formular and the reliability coefficient of 0.82 was obtained. The data obtained were analyzed using mean, standard deviation to answer the research questions and Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) to test the research hypotheses. The findings of this study reveal that; Jigsaw II, Learning Together, Guided Discovery Learning Strategies, Lecture Method and gender interacted to produce a significant effect on the mean achievement and retention scores of Basic Science students. Jigsaw II and Learning Together Learning Strategies were found to be more effective in enhancing students’ achievement and retention in Basic Science than the Guided Discovery Learning Strategy and the Lecture Method. Based on the findings of the study it was recommended among others that, Basic Science teachers should be encouraged to develop and adopt Jigsaw II and Learning Together Learning Strategies so as to improve and promote social interaction, active learning, discovery learning, motivation, learning by doing and learning by experience among students which will lead to an enhanced overall achievement and retention. Basic Science students should always be encouraged to work together in heterogeneous groups so as to help reduce gender gap and to enable them imbibe the culture of working cooperatively in order to promote their understanding.

Keywords: Achievement, Energy Concepts, Gender, Guided-Discovery, Jigsaw II, Learning Together, Retention




Investigation into the Accessing of E-Books for Learning among Colleges of Education Science Students in Kaduna State Nigeria


Fadipe B. Michael1; Peter Joy Abosede2; & Idakwoji Sunday Bene2

1Department of Science Education, Veritas University Abuja. 2Department of Educational Foundations, Veritas University Abuja.



E-Books are available electronic learning materials that give users the benefits to; retain, reuse, revise, remix, and redistribute for teaching, learning, and research purposes. Over reliance on hardcopy handout, inadequate e-library facilities, and inadequate exposure to electronic resources among others are factors militating against efficient use of e-books. Hence, this study investigated the accessing of e-books among Colleges of education science students for learning in Kaduna State Nigeria. Descriptive research design of the survey type was adopted for the study. One research questions was used in-line with the purpose of the study and one research hypotheses, 398 respondents were randomly sampled from two colleges of education in Kaduna State. Frequency and percentage were used to answer the research question ,Findings of the0 study revealed that College of education students have access to e-books for learning in colleges of education in Kaduna State because, the colleges made e-books available in their websites, the colleges provide free internet connectivity for the students, and most of the students have an e-book reader on their devices. The research hypotheses, which seek to determine the significance difference between male and female students on their access to e-books in colleges of education in Kaduna State, it was revealed that there was no significant difference between male and female students on their access to e-books for learning in colleges of education in Kaduna State.         

Keywords:  E-Books, Science, Learning, Accessing. Colleges.




Institutional Factors Influencing Students’ Moral Competence and Enrollment in Office Technology and Management


1Prof. Titus A. Umoru; & 2Adakole, Enonche

Dept of Business and Entrepreneurship Education, Faculty of Education, Kwara State University, Malete



The study was conducted in Polytechnics in North Central Nigeria to examine the influence of institutional factors on moral competence and enrollment of students in office technology and management.  Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 48 lecturers in Polytechnics in North Central, Nigeria. There was no sampling technique adopted for the study. Questionnaire tagged “IFISMCEOTM” and structured on four Point modified Likert Rating Scale of Strongly Agreed (4), Agreed (3), Disagreed (2) and Strong Disagreed (1) was used for data collection.  Mean and Standard Deviation were the tools used to analyze the data while t-test statistics was used to test two null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings from the data analysis revealed among others that educational facilities, qualified lecturers, location, provision of technological equipment were the factors influencing the moral competence and enrollment of students in OTM programme in polytechnics in Nigeria. It was therefore concluded that availability of lecturers, instructional materials, location and secured school environment have positive influence on students’ moral competence and enrollment. Based on the findings and conclusion of the study, it was recommended that Polytechnic Management should endeavour to employ qualified teachers, provide educational facilities to the students.  Government should also locate polytechnic institution in a secured environment.

Keywords: Office technology and Management, Moral competence, Enrollment




The Degree of Using Instructional Technology in Teaching and Learning Mathematics in Ukwuani Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria


Nwabuwe Henrietta; Oliweh I. Solomon; Nwabuwe, Sunday Nathaniel

Faculty of Education, Department of Science Education, University of Delta, Agbor, Delta State, Nigeria.



The study is on the accessibility and use of educational technology for teaching mathematics in senior secondary schools in Ukwuani local government area of Delta State. Descriptive survey design was used in the work. 36 mathematics teachers in 30 secondary schools were the sample of the work; simple random technique was used to select them from the overall population of 75 secondary schools in Ukwuani L. G. A of  Delta State. Two teachers questionnaire titled utilization and inhibiting factors mathematics questionnaireand checklist of avaliability of instructional materials for teching mathematics were utilizaed to collect data,(r =0.77). Simple percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the data. The findings showed that there were few audio visual educational technology but were not fully used, there were no audio visual technologies for teaching mathematics in schools. Also, lack of money, poor implimention law, demotivation etc prevented the delivery and use of instructional technology materials for mathematics teaching. The study gave the recommendation that Mathematics teachers should use the educational technology that is available and government should provide enough money to procure educational technology.

Keywords: Teaching, Instutional Technology, learning, and utilization.




Influence of Information and Communication Technology on Effective Management of Examination Malpractice by National Examinations Council in Nigeria


*Dr. Yakubu Sani; **Dr. Kana A.A. Ebini PhD; & ***Shitu Shuaibu Umar

*Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Management **Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Sciences. ***Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology



The study assessed the influence of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on the management of examination malpractices by NECO in Nigeria. The study was guided by three objectives with corresponding three research questions and hypotheses. The study was guided by Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) by Davis, F. D. (1989) and System Theory by Bertalanffy (1956) and the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) propounded by Ajzen (2006). The research design used for this study was the cross-sectional survey research design. The total population of the study consisted of 2890 teachers. The sample size of the study consisted of  851 respondents. The instrument used for data collection was the ‘Questionnaire on the Influence of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on Effective Management of Examination Malpractices (QRIICTEMEM). The instrument was duly validated and it yielded 0.81 as logical validity index. The instrument was pilot tested and the coefficient of internal consistency of 0.79 was obtained. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while Chi-Square was used to test all the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study indicated that CBT significantly influence the effective management of examination malpractice by NECO, e-invigilation significantly influence the effective management of examination malpractice by NECO and biometric system has significant influence on effective management of examination malpractice by NECO. One of the recommendations of the study was that considering the inevitable roles which CBT play towards the effective management of examination malpraces in secondary school system, the study recommended that NECO as a national examination body should consider CBT especially in the multiple choice questions to reduce the high rate of examination malpractices among students in secondary schools in Niger State.

Keywords: Information, Communication, Technology, Effective, Management, Examination, Malpractice and National Examinations Council




Demographic Implications of Students’ Perception of Counselling Services in Junior Secondary Schools in Abuja Metropolis, Abuja, Nigeria


*Abel Ebiega Enokela(Ph.D); & **Comfort Agbor Enwa (Ph.D)

*Department of Guidance & Counselling, Faculty of Education, Ambrose Alli University **Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Federal University Lokoja



This study examined the demographic implications of students’ perceptions of counselling services in junior secondary school in Abuja metropolis. It revealed the perceptions of students in three areas, namely: sex, class and age. The researchers adopted a descriptive survey in the study.  The simple random probabilistic sampling technique was adopted to select 135 students as study participants, 66 boys and 69 girls.   Participants were between 10-18 years. The descriptive statistics of frequency and percentage were used to analyze the demographic features of the respondents. The instrument contained 12 items to elicit responses from the participants of the study. The instrument also had 4 response items which were ranked as Strongly Agreed (4), Agreed (3), Disagreed (2), and Strongly Disagreed (1). The research questions were answered using mean scores of the data generated from the participants. The T-test statistical tool was used to test hypothesis 1; while hypotheses 2 and 3 were tested with the analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistical tool.  The study confirmed that girls’ perceptions of the effectiveness of counselling services was significantly higher than that of boys; students’ perceptions of the effectiveness of counselling services differ significantly according to class; and differ also according to age, but not statistically significant. It is therefore recommended that counsellors and all other stakeholders of the school guidance programme should persuade all students to see the need of counselling services irrespective of age, sex or class. This is because counselling services are designed for everybody.

Keywords: Counselling Service, Perception, Sex, Age, Class




Towards Curtailing Child Abuse in Nigeria; the Role of Teachers


*Gunde Yakubu; *Ewuga, Lucky Ekka; & **Alao, Issa Gbolahan

*Department of Educational Foundations, Nasarawa State University, Keffi. **Department of Curriculum and Instuction, School of General Education, Federal College of Education, Okene, Kogi State.



Though a global issue, child abuse has become more rampant and persistent in Nigeria even with the government effort to eradicate it. There is every need for the problem to be tackled if children across the country are to be given the right to education and freedom. A microscopic view of the society however; shows that this menace do not only occur at home but also in every spheres of the society. Children who have been abused are affected in many ways, and the effects can both be devastating and long-lasting, depending on the child. Teachers see most children between six and eight hours each day and are some of the only adult figures and role models that children have in their life. Hence, teachers have a major role in detecting, reporting child abuse as well as recuperation of the child. This paper discusses child abuse, its forms, teachers’ responsibilities towards curtailing child abuse in Nigeria and among others, made the following recommendations: Child abuse as a course should be included in teachers training programmes across teachers institute, colleges of education and faculties of education in Nigeria, present teachers’ should be trained and retrained on child abuse recognition, reporting and prevention in Nigeria and that the government should make child abuse reporting, a legal responsibility of teachers’ in Nigeria.

Keywords: Child Abuse, Teachers’, Role of Teachers, Nigeria




Curbing Sexual and Gender Based Violence:  Implication for Insecurity in Boarding Secondary Schools in Northern Nigeria


Dr. Salihu Abdullahi Galle1Dr. Maigona Timothy Dodo2 & Aruwa Sidikat Maryam3

2Educational Research, Measurement & Evaluation Unit, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 2Philosophy of Education Unit, Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 3Department of Guidance & Counselling, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria



This study explored curbing sexual and gender based violence: Implication for insecurity in boarding secondary schools in Northern Nigeria. The repositioning women access to quality education for improving social development is a thing of concerned and fundamental. The study centered its discussion on the following conceptual clarifications thus, gender based violence in secondary schools and three types of gender-based violence as discussed such as bullying, kidnapping and abduction, and sexual abuse and harassment. Three factors influencing gender based violence such as school distance, media and technology and lack of girl-friendly school environment were discussed. Challenges curbing school-based violence and gender which includes implementation of laws protecting the right of a child, lack of communities cooperation, lack of expertise. Ways forward in gender based violence in the perspectives, in curbing the menace of gender based violence in Nasarawa State secondary schools the gender based violence experts should create security awareness among youth. It was concluded that the rate of sexual harassment and gender based violence in boarding secondary schools with girl-child being the victims tends to constitute a serious threat in the society as reported by this study. Conversely, both boys and girls have been documented to be victims of this act, but the rate at which it is affecting girl-child is alarming in most of the schools.

Keywords: Sexual harassment, gender-based violence, insecurity, boarding schools




Exploring the Use of Teaching Methods among Social Studies Teachers


Mofoluwawo Esther Omoniyi, Ph.D; Ajibade Ismail Oyebanji; & Ogunniyi Omolayo Ayodele

Department of Social Studies, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Emmanuel Alayande College Of Education, Oyo



This paper title exploring the use of teaching methods among social studies teachers. The paper disclose many teaching methods with advantages as well as disadvantage available to Social Studies teachers. It however note that no single method of teaching Social Studies can adequately fit all learning situations. The paper recommended that the combination of the methods would definitely help in achieving the desired instructional objectives.

Keywords: Teaching, Social Studies, Methods, Teaching Method, Teachers, Exploring.




Management of Hard-To-Handle Pre-Schoolers in Early Childhood Care Centres in Osun State


Obiagwu, Rebecca Bosede

Department of Early Childhood Education, Osun State College Of Education, Ila Orangun.



The study examined the concept of the management of hard-to-handle pre-schoolers with a view to have the requisite calm climate needed for pre-schooling activities and also to ensure that such children are properly attended to if they must benefit from learning activities. The study employed a survey design where a total of 450 early child-care givers were purposively sampled from 90 Early Childhood Care centers in Osun State i.e. 5 per school (comprising Odo-Otin, Ifelodun and Ila). One research instrument was used namely “Pre-school Behaviour Management Questionnaire” (PBMQ). The PBMQ was a 30-item structured questionnaire that dealt with types of hard to handle behaviours that are pronounced among pre-schoolers, elicitation of hard to handle behaviours of male and female pre-schoolers and the behaviour management strategies employed by Early Childhood Care givers in handling the behaviours of the pre-schoolers. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics: mean, range, minimum and maximum score and inferential statistics: t-test. Findings of the study revealed that fighting, hitting, claiming of objects, temper tantrums, screaming and impulsiveness are the most prevalent and worrying behaviours. Also, there is no statistically significant difference in the elicitation of hard-to-handle behaviours between male; and female pre-schoolers (p-value =>0.05). However, good behaviour modelling, laying down of law, contacts to parents and punishment were the most frequently used strategies for handling such behaviours with punishment the most effective strategy.

Keywords:  Management, Hard-to-Handle, Pre-School, Management Strategies, Pre-Schoolers, Early care givers.




Impacts of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on Teaching and Learning in Private Senior Secondary Schools in Yola-North Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria


*Adati Elkanah Chahari¹; **Aishatu Ahmed Hamman²; ***Hafsatu Nuhu; & ****Kindness Bulus Gago

*School of General Education, Department of General Studies Education, Federal College of Education Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. **Department of Educational Technology and Instruction, Federal College of Education Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. ***School of General Education, Department of General Studies Education, Federal College of Education Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. ****GK-Kumanetics Services Ltd, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria.



This research work investigates the impacts of information and communication technology in teaching and learning in private secondary school in Yola-North. The research work adopted descriptive and inferential statistic (frequency counts and percentage) to analyze the research objective with simple percentage to asserted the students’ performance as a dependent variable. The stratified random sampling technique was used to draw the sample and questionnaire was the instrumental data. The findings revealed that the utilization of ICT facility contribute significantly in students’ academic performance. Also there is a relationship between Utilization and non-utilization of ICT in student academic performance. The state government should emphasize more on educational system to be relevant to the need of students and also raise level of academic achievements among students through awareness of utilization of ICT facility in all school of learning in the State.

Key: ICT, Teaching, Learning, Utilization and Non-utilization  




The Causes and Effects of Truancy among Junior Secondary School Students in Katagum Educational Zone


*Yunusa, Musa Zakari; **Abdulrasheed Usman; & *Sadiq Garba Abubakar 

*Department of Psychology, School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. **School of Educational Services, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State



The study is aimed at examining the causes and effects of truancy among junior secondary school students in Katagum educational zone. It identified the causes and effects responsible for the persistence of truancy. Descriptive research survey type was adopted for the study.  The data were collected using the questionnaire as the research instrument which titled the causes and effects truancy among secondary school students. Two hundred (200) respondents were randomly sampled from 8,912 secondary schools in Katagum educational zone Bauchi state. Three research questions were raised for the study, three hypotheses were formulated. The instrument for data collection in this study is a cause and effects of truancy questionnaire (CETQ). The (CETQ) has three sections. The sections are tagged section A, B, and C in that order. Section tapped personal data with (3) items, information such as sex, class, age, name of school are part of the items found in this section. Section B is design by researcher to measure causes of truancy. Section C deals with effects of truancy among junior secondary school students. Which was subjected to experts for scrutiny. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data to be collected.




Career Choice Determinants of Accounting Option among Business Education Student’s in Colleges of Education in North-Eastern Nigeria


Ali, Samaila

Department of Vocational Education, School of Vocational and Technical Education SVTE, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi ATAP, Bauchi, Nigeria.



The study examined Career Choice Determinants of Accounting Option Among Business Education Student’s in Colleges of Education in North-Eastern Nigeria. The research has two specific objectives, two research questions that were meant to guide the study and two null hypotheses formulated and were tested at a 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a survey research design that is purely quantitative, using an adapted questionnaire that was administered to 131 randomly selected NCE III Students in Colleges of Education in North East Nigeria. Data collected was analyzed using mean and standard deviation as well as the use of while Linear Logistic Regression in testing the hypotheses. The results indicated that family background and peer group have a significant positive influence on students’ choice of accounting option among business education students in the colleges of education in the North-Eastern Nigeria. By implication, a dramatic decline in both the number and the quality of students who are choosing accounting as a Career choice will improve positively. The study further recommended that, for students to make the right career choice, the family (parents) and peer group should be encouraged not to interfere on students’ career choice and likely be forced to go to a wrong choice.

Keywords: Career Choice, Family Background, Peer group, Business Education and Accounting.




Survey of Adequacy of Facilities for Training Office Technology and Management Students for Sustainable Development


Cephas N. Leka

Department of Office Technology and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.



This study was conducted to survey the adequacy of facilities for training Office Technology and Management students for sustainable development. Relevant literatures were reviewed. The study adopted a survey design, it was guided by four research questions. The National Board for Technical Education (NBTE) facilities required for training was used as checklist for the collection of data in the department laboratories, Model Office and Typewriting Studios. The area of the study of the Department of Office Technology and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. The data collected by were analyzed using descriptive statistics and simple percentage. The findings among others revealed that most of the facilities in the department are adequate and that adequacy of facilities improves students’ performance which make them competent in the Office, good knowledge of Information and Communication Technology facilities and skills enable students to be productive. It was concluded that adequacy of facilities in the department (OTM) will make the department produce graduates who are employable and finally it was recommended among others that modern office facilities required to train OTM students should be adequately provided to enable students to acquire appropriate skills to fit into the modern office.

Keywords: Adequacy, Facilities, Training, Office Technology and Management, Sustainable Development.




Towards Improving the Quality of Teaching and Learning of History in Nigerian Schools; the Place of Effective Teaching Methodology


Umar Ibrahim Baba; Mohammed Chiroma; Usman Abdulmumin; & Inuwa Aliyu Bobo

History Department, School Of Arts And Social Sciences, A.D. Rufa’i College Of Education, Legal And General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State



The success of any lesson is determined by the preparedness of the teacher, learners’ interest, instructional resources and conducive environment for learning and above all the method of teaching adopted by the teacher. The selection of the method to be used by a teacher depends on the skills of the teacher and the knowledge he/she wants to impart. History as one of the important school subjects needs to be well taught in order to make learners appreciate the relevance of the learning. For this to happen the students’ participation in the lessons is very important and therefore selection of appropriate teaching method which should be student centered is necessary. The paper discusses the position of history teachers and teaching processes in history lessons, teacher preparedness which is also useful for effective teaching and learning of history and most importantly some innovative methods of teaching history. As part of the way forward the paper recommends that our institutions of learning should make history education programmes attractive so that students can enroll into history programmes in order to train more teachers for history and also government should make adequate provisions in the educational policies that will ensure full implementation of the teaching of history in our institutions of learning.

Keywords: Quality, Teaching and learning, History, Improving, Effective, and Methodology.



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One thought on “African Scholar Journal of Education Research and Library Practice Vol. 27 No. 8

  • Robert, Odey

    The article entitled ‘Empowering Delta State English Teachers on Oral English Proficiency in a Multilingual Classroom’ (by: Eboh-Nzekwue, Roselyn; Nkereunwem, Ogonna Nchekube; Dominic, Patience Ngozi; Ozoemelem-Gad, Odirichi Michael) is not found