African Scholar Journal of Education Research and Library Practice Vol. 26 No. 8


VOL. 26 NO. 8 SEPTEMBER, 2022 ISSN: 2659-1999



Published by:

African Scholar Publications and Research International,

Centre for African Studies,

University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.


Copyright © 2022 African Scholar Publications and Research International.


Application of Tiger-Nations Education Type for Promoting Entrepreneurial Society in Nigeria through Vocational and Technical Education


*Prof. Abdulganiyyi Olajide Fagbemi; **Dr. Yakubu Sani; & **Assoc. Prof. Muhammad Mainoma Hauwa’u

*Department of Education, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. **Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria



This paper discussed application of Tiger Nations Education type for promoting entrepreneurial society in Nigeria through vocational and technical education. The paper in its theoretical framework, discussed benefits of the tiger Nations Educational system to Nigeria. It also highlighted the mad blocks that militate against the adoption of the tigers Educational system in Nigeria. The paper concluded that Nigeria can become and economic gain of the world only if careful attention is paid to education and technological development as well as a promotion of creativity and innovation with its material and human resources channeled towards effective and productive use. Based on this conclusion, the paper suggested that to improve the welfare of workers, the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) and other affiliated unions can set the pace in establishing vocational and technical education centres in the local government areas where recruitable workers would acquire employability skills.

Keywords: Tiger Nations, Promoting Entrepreneurial Society, Vocational and Technical Education.




Motivation and Effective Performance of Teachers in Public Secondary Schools in Delta Central Senatorial District of Delta State, Nigeria


Anthony, Great Ossai (PhD)

Faculty of Education, University of Delta, Agbor.



This study examined the influence of motivation on teachers’ job performance in public secondary schools in Delta Central Senatorial District of Delta State. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population of the study consists of teachers and principals from 203 public secondary schools. A sample of 200 teachers and 10 principals were selected from the sampled secondary schools. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The data was collected by the use of a questionnaire. Mean scores were used to analyze the research questions while Z-test was used for the hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that motivation influences teachers’ job performance in respect of building positive attitudes and beliefs towards teaching and learning. Also, male and female teachers do not differ on the best strategies to motivate teachers to perform their job effectively. Based on the findings, it was concluded that the job effectiveness of teachers highly depended on the quality, competency and skillfulness generated through motivation. Therefore, it was recommended amongst others that training of teachers should be efficiently implemented, salary and fringe benefits should be paid when due and there should be an improved condition of service for teachers.

Keywords: Job Performance, Motivation, Teachers, Salary/Fringe benefits, Training




Using Literary Texts to Teach Grammar in Foreign Language Classroom: Some Strategies for Consideration


1Akintunde, Abraham Femi, (Ph.D.); & 2Abdallah Fatima Seifeldeen

1Department of Arts Education, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja. 2Department of Arts Education, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja



This paper highlights the use of literary texts which is potentially considered as an innovative way in teaching and learning grammar. Literary texts are considered effective as authentic materials which can be integrated into foreign language class activities. This paper explains the concept of literary text, reasons for using literary texts in Foreign Language (FL) classroom and advantages and limitations of using literary texts. The paper further explores the discussion of the practical demonstration of the use of literary texts in grammar class and criteria for choosing literary texts and extracts in foreign language teaching. The paper also highlights factors to be considered in selecting appropriate literary texts and the multiple class activities that can be incorporated in the use of literary texts specifically to improve students’ grammar. The major conclusions of the paper are that the criteria of the text selection must be considered first to match with lesson objectives and students’ needs. Teachers and students can build more interactive teaching and learning activities (that incorporate literature in teaching and learning FL) which are not only required to provide feedback of grammar correctness, but also to discuss deeper the aspects within literary texts.

Keywords: English as a Foreign Language, grammar instruction, literary texts, communicative competence and grammar teaching.




The Effect of Classroom Overcrowding and Social Distance among Secondary School Students in Edo State


Aluyor, Patience1 and Matibemu, Bukonla Deborah2

Department of Vocational and Technical Education, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State.



This study examined the effect of classroom overcrowding and social distance among secondary school student in Edo State. The study adopted survey research design. Population of the study comprises all public secondary schools in Edo State, and sample of 100 students was drawn using simple random sampling techniques. The instrument used for the study was questionnaire designed with 4 – point liker scale, with strongly agreed (SA) Agreed (A) Disagreed (D) and strongly Disagreed (SD). The instrument was validated by two expert in the department of vocational and technical Education, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma. A reliability index of 0.85 was obtained when data generated from test – retest were subjected to pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient. The data collected was analyzed using standard deviation and mean score. Results obtained shows that classroom overcrowding affect effective teaching/learning. It has negative impact on students academic achievement, teachers find it difficult to impact knowledge unto the learners effectively. The result also shows that  overcrowded classrooms, can also affect physical health of the students, in addition, it has been proven that social distancing has several benefits in the classrooms by preventing respiratory diseases and other infectious illness. Recommendations made among others include that Government should assist in reducing population in classroom by providing  adequate infrastructures, also the population of students admitted into the school should depend on the available facilities and space.

Keywords: Teachers, students, Social distancing, and classroom overcrowding.




Evaluation of the Schooling and Personal Needs of the Children of the Internally Displaced (IDPS) in Abuja, Nigeria


Bahago, Samaila Benedict

Educational Foundations, Veritas University, Abuja, Nigeria



The study looked on the educational requirements and resources for internally displaced children (IDCs) in the IDP camps in Abuja. Literature also showed that inadequate educational facilities and services are among the ways that IDPs are deprived of their human rights. The study’s goal is to evaluate the degree of educational demands that are met for IDP children as well as how parents feel about the lack of educational services provided to their children in IDP camps. The sample was made up of 520 respondents who were chosen from four IDP camps in Abuja using a purposive selection technique. A 30-item questionnaire created by the researcher was used to gather information from the respondents on their educational and physical needs. Simple percentages and frequency counts were used to assess the data. research results showed that the IDPs lacked several educational and physical necessities. They gave the absence of most physical and educational needs high percentage ratings. For instance, 99.81 rated lack of access to school. Based on these, the researchers offered a framework for counselling interventions in IDP camps and suggested that the Nigerian government focus most of its efforts on eliminating the educational needs of the IDPs children.

Keywords: IDPs, counselling, assessment, physical, and educational needs




Academic Benefits of methods of Teaching Mathematics in Senior Secondary School Level: A Meta-Analytic Review of Single-Case Research of Polya’s Problem – Solving Approach


*Mukhtar Sunusi Hassan; & **Usman Abdullahi Sani

*General Studies Department, School of Business and management Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bali, P. M. B 05 Bali. Taraba State. **Statistics Department, School of science Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bali, P. M. B 05 Bali.  Taraba State.



Polya’s Problem – Solving approach is an instructional strategy that involves Teacher helping each student learns content through instructional techniques. i.e. Tell  Show  Solve  Check Concepts. This meta-analysis examined effects of Polya’s Problem – Solving approach. The study specifically uses polya’s in experimental work to see the course and effect through the use of experimental and control groups across 48 single-case research experiments for 938 students in SSI, SSII, and SSIII. The TauU effect size for 195 phase contrasts was 0.75 with a confidence interval of CI 95 = 0.71 to 0.78, indicating that moderate to large academic benefits can be attributed to Polya’s Problem – Solving approach. Five potential moderators of these effects were examined: dosage, SS level, reward, academic disability status, and content area. This Polya’s Problem – Solving approach meta-analysis in nearly 3 years to examine outcomes for junior and senior secondary students, and extends previous methods of teaching meta-analyses by examining academic disability as a potential moderator. Findings suggest that Polya’s Problem – Solving approach is an effective intervention regardless of dosage, secondary school level, or academic disability status. Among students with deficiency, those with emotional and behavioral ‘disorders academically benefitted most. Implications are discussed.

Keywords: Polya’s Problem – Solving approach, outcomes, other methods, deficiency, emotional and Dosage




Impact of Vesicovaginal Fistula on Girls and Women Education in Gombe and Taraba States, North East Nigeria


1R.F Lammaru; 2Dr. Mary E. Sule; 3Joji Masoyi Mailaya; 4Gwang Ayuba Ding; & 5Grace Gideon.

1Government Day Secondary School Bolari East Gombe, Gombe State Nigeria. 2Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education, Gombe State University Gombe, Nigeria. 3Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education, Federal University of kashere Gombe State Nigeria. 4&5ECWA Evangel VVF Centre Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria.



Vesicovaginal Fistula (VVF) is an opening that develops between the bladder and the wall of the vagina. The result is that urine leaks out of the vagina sometimes lightly but it can be steady if the fistula is large. This causes unwanted opening that develops between two parts of the body  causing a serious medical problem that affects girls and women by depriving them from accessing formal education as a result of the urine leaking which results in psychological consequences such as depression, loneliness, rejection from friends and family members and in worse cases divorce from husbands. Among the causes of VVF include several days of obstructed labor without timely medical intervention, malnutrition, radiation treatment, infection, psychological trauma, and rape, reign bodies. The study adopted survey research design, sample size are comprised of 205 VVF patients from Gombe and Taraba states whose reports/data were retrieved from records at the St Luke’s mission hospital Gombe from August 2021-August 2022.Three objectives and three research questions guided the study. Results showed that these girls and women between 13 and 25 years of age are more prevalent to VVF and most of them did not have access to formal education. Based on the findings, it was concluded that all hope is not lost because the problem can be prevented through advocacy, awareness and sensitization of women, correct medical assistance. Hence, it was recommended that preventive awareness should be the focal point to end VVF, girls and women should reach 18 years of age before conception, pregnant women should seek antenatal care throughout pregnancy; health care system should be strengthened.

Keyword; Education, VVF, ECWA Evangel Intervention




Assessment of Available Sports Education Material Resources in Tertiary Institutes in Kano State and Level of Students acquisition of Entrepreneurial Skills


Alairu Aminat

Department of Physical and Health Education, Federal College of Education (T) Bichi, Kano



Effective application of entrepreneurial education through assessment of sports education materials resources and the level of acquisition of entrepreneurial skills were investigated. Possible areas of entrepreneurial skills in sports education were highlighted, A survey design was adopted for the study. The sample comprised 180 physical and health education students sampling by balloting method drawn from the 6 (six) institutes in kano state which were co-educational. Three research questions and one hypothesis guided study. Two instruments were used: the Entrepreneurial Skill Acquisition Test (ESAT) and Sports Material Resources Assessment Checklist (SMRAC). The instrument was validated and their reliability tested. The internal consistency for the ESAT using Pearson product moment correlation techniques. Using the Kuder-Richardson’s method, the internal instrument was found to be 0.87. The data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation and z-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The finding revealed that sports education students have low level of acquisition of entrepreneurial skills. There is no gender influence in the level of acquisition of entrepreneurial skills among the students. The study also revealed that resources for teaching and learning of entrepreneurial skills were inadequate in this institutes. Based on the findings, the researchers recommend that resources should be put in place both in federal and state institutes, continuous professional training on the skills to improve instructors’ competence and enhance students’ level of acquisition of entrepreneurial skills through researches. Researchers also recommend that adequate resources should be provided for effective application of entrepreneurial skill acquisition for student’s self- reliance.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Assessment, Material Resources, Skills, Acquisition and Sports 




Effectiveness of Teaching Methods in English Language on Acquisition of English Language Skills in Public Secondary Schools in Nairobi County, Kenya


Okoro Henry Okechukwu

School of General Studies, Department of Languages, Federal Polytechnic, Oko.



The study sought to establish the effectiveness of the various teaching methods on the acquisition of the English language skills. The study was carried out in public secondary schools in Nairobi County. The objectives sought to find out the various teaching methods used in English language, the effectiveness of the lecture methods on acquisition of English language skills; the role of role playas a teaching method in promoting acquisition of English language skills and the effectiveness of questions and answer methods on acquisitions of English language skills. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. The questions sought to identify the various method used in English language in Nairobi County, and their effectiveness. The data was collected using three instruments. The student’s questionnaire sought to find out whether the like or dislike English, the methods that are mostly used by their teachers during the English lessons and the skills acquired using those methods. The teacher’s questionnaire sought to find out the methods that they used mostly the reasons that they used them and the skills that are acquires when the methods are used. The observation schedule sought to get the real classroom experience in terms of the teaching methods used during the English lessons, the skills acquired and the supplementary materials used by the teachers during the English lesson. After an analysis of how the method promotes the acquisition of the English language skills, it was established that each of the methods enhances acquisition of the English language skills. The four skills in English namely: writing, listening, reading and speaking form the core of the English language. The researcher suggested that in view of delimitation of the study further research in a wider and different area preferably the rural areas. That further research be conducted to investigate other factors that contribute to acquisition of English language skills.




Investigating College Lecturer’s Competency in the Construction of Multiple Choice Items (MCI) at AD Rufa’i College of Education, Legal and General Studies Misau, Bauchi State


Babayo Muhammad Othman

Department of Psychometrics, AD Rufa’i College of Education, Legal & General Studies Misau, Bauchi State



The research was on investigating lecturer’s competence on constructing Multiple Choice Items (MCI).The research design employed was descriptive survey as well as ex-post factor design. The population of the study was lecturers at AD Rufa’i college of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau. The sample encompasses those teaching at General Study’s unit.  Three research objectives with corresponding hypotheses were formulated to guide the study.  Beside past question papers, the researcher developed a questionnaire tittle College Lecturer’s Competence in the Construction of Multiple Choice Items (CLCMCI). The instrument has face validity and a reliability of internal consistency established using Cronbach alpha value of 0.853 was obtained. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics: Frequency counts, percentage and inferential statistics; chi-square cross tabulation The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Findings indicated that: Multiple choice items (MCI) are considered  because it measure various cognition hence has a very high content validity, Those that write items in negative form didn’t capitalized or underline the items, but while constructing item, the stem of their item clearly formulate a problem, similarly, table of specification are not put into consideration before planning the MCI. The chi-square cross tabulation revealed that: The null hypothesis which states that, there is no significant difference toward frequent used of MCI in relation to Gender is retained, likewise, The null hypothesis which states that, there is no significant difference on awareness toward writing MCI in relation to Qualifications is retained. Lastly. The hypothesis which stated that there is no significant difference among lectures on been acquainted with the characteristics of test items in relation to Experience is rejected. Hence significant different existed between experience and in-experience lecturers. The study recommend that: The college authority should organize workshop or seminar specifically on test development and other related issue, especially on multiple choice items, Experience lecture’s should at departmental level guide the un-experience on skill needed for competency in handling item development planning prior to dispatch level. Lastly, Lecturers should consider use of items format based on cognitive demand in-relation to content coverage.

Keywords: Assessment, Multiple Choice Items, item Construction, Teacher’s competence,




Library and Information Science Education in Nigeria, Development, Issues and Challenges


Auwal Magaji Abubakar; Deborah Sarah Gado; & Aishat Mukhtar Kurabau

Department of Library and Information Science, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna



Library and Information Science (LIS) education can only be meaningfully discussed within the context of education generally, and vis-a`-vis the cultural milieu for which it is provided. The growing globalization is equally a necessary factor to consider in this discussion, given its seeping impact on culture, economy and education, especially in developing countries. LIS education programs in Nigeria are offered at various tertiary level institutions—Colleges of Education, Polytechnics, and Universities. Such programs award certificates, diplomas, Higher National Diploma, HND, BLS, BLIS, MLS, MLIS, MSC, MARM, Ph.D. and vary in nomenclature, content, and grading system, depending on the awarding institution.

Key points: Library, library education, Library and Information science, Development, Issues and challenges.




Assessment of E-Learning among Students of Tertiary Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa (Taraba State: Case Study)


Jackson, Soyinka Malantso

Department of Biochemistry/Chemistry, the Polytechnic Bali.



The study examined the assessment of e-learning among students of tertiary institution in sub-Saharan Africa Taraba state case study. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design to select three hundred and sixty (360) students across different departments from six tertiary institutions within the state. Data were obtained by administering a closed-ended questionnaire. Collected data from the questionnaire were analyzed using a simple percentage frequency. Findings of the research study revealed that e-learning facilities are available in the tertiary institutions within the state even though they are not frequently used. Based on the findings, recommendations were proffered

Keywords: E-learning, Assessment, Sub-Sahara, Taraba, Utilization.




Research and Socio-Economic Views in Nigeria Tertiary Institutions: Challenges, Prospects and Benefits


*Sokomba Joshua; & **Mohammed Shuaibu

*Registry Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria. **Magaji International Enterprises, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria



Research is one of the basic functions of tertiary institutions.  This paper attempts to identify the challenges, prospects and the benefits of research in Nigeria tertiary institutions to socio-economic development.  These challenges among others are poor funding, corruption, inadequate educational facilities, misplacement of priority and attitude of government and society etc.  The following recommendations were proffered: adequate funding of research institutes and tertiary institutions, provision of research facilities and equipment, conducive working environment for researchers, training of academic staff as well as change in government and societal attitude towards research.

Keywords:  Research, socio-economic status, tertiary institutions, academic staff, development, funding




Human Resources Management in Nigerian Schools: The Roles of School Managers


Yusuf Umar

Department of Educational Foundations, School of Education, Federal College of Education (Tech) Bichi, Kano State



Human resources management is an integral part of overall management of the school. Therefore, this paper examines the role of school managers in the management of human resources in Nigerian schools. The paper describes the concept of management, human resources, human resources management and the needs of human resources in schools. The paper posits that staff training development, staff motivation, staff supervision, records keeping and managing conflict are among the techniques of managing human resources in schools. It also considered planning, organizing, directing, supervising and evaluation as the functions of school managers. The paper identifies the challenges of human resources management in school as management practice, finance, managing diversity, staffing and performance appraisal. This paper therefore suggests that, School managers should acquire adequate skills of management and work to the best of their knowledge without fear or favour, Government should provide adequate funds to ensure regular training, retraining of staff and building infrastructure for staff and students wellbeing also the School managers should improve human relationship; each staff understand the others better, regardless of the differences among them.

Keywords: Human Resources, School, School manager, Management




Skill Oriented Business Education and Development of Entrepreneurial Skills among Secondary School Leavers in Northern State; Remedies for Youth Restiveness in Nigeria


Chukwu Chibugo Happiness

School of Secondary Education (Business), Federal College of Edecation (Tech.) Bichi, Kano State



This paper focused on entrepreneurial skills acquired through business education at the secondary school level. It also examined the content of the curriculum of business and technology that relates to skills acquisition, model for business entrepreneurial education curriculum. The research recommends among others that there should be adequate sensitization campaign on skills acquisition, effective implementation of business entrepreneurship education programme at the secondary school level and provision of fund by the government to the graduating entrepreneurial students.




Business Education and Economic Diversification: An Evaluation of the Impact of SMES on Economic Diversification in Nigeria


Rukaiya Isa Yahya

Business Education Department, Federal College of Education, Yola



More than ever, Nigerian need to be proactive in her quest for economic diversification. Like other economies of the world, economic diversification has become an engine of trade liberalization and economic emancipation. This paper aimed to examine the impact of SMEs on diversification of Nigerian economy. The paper is conceptual and sort secondary data and empirical findings to highlight the role played by SMEs in economic diversification. It was concluded that SMEs are dominant players in the non-oil sector contributing the largest percentage to the Nigerian GDP in recent time. Hence it was suggested that the harsh effects of devaluation of Nigeria currency should be addressed to increase the disposable income of Nigerians to enable SMEs to thrive and attained the needed contribution to economic diversification, also SMEs should strive to adopt new technologies that can help them achieve economies of scale and competitive advantage.

Keywords: SMEs, Economic Diversification, Nigeria.




Managing Technical Education for Result Job Creation and Economic Self Reliance in Nigeria


*Prof. Abdulganiyyi Olajide Fagbemi; **Dr. Yakubu Sani; & ***Assoc. Prof. Muhammad Mainoma Hauwa’u

*Department of Education, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. **Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria. ***Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Department of Educational Management



The decade of the 20s ushered in many changes and challenges in education in many developing countries. This has increased the pressure for an improved management approaches. This paper therefore reviews some relevant literature relating to managing technical education for self-reliance and economic self-reliance in Nigeria. Nigeria’s education programmes seem saddled with many constraints. Some of such constraints were identified. Worst still, was the MAMSER, socio-economic issues were just a toothless body which acted as a booster to the geocentricism of its officials through public address system rather than educating the masses for self-reliance. Or issues bothering on socio-economic bothering on socio-economic and political education for self-reliance have been thought out.

Keywords: Managing, Technical, Education, Job Creation, Economy and Self Reliance



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