AFRICAN SCHOLAR JOURNAL OF EDUCATION RESEARCH AND LIBRARY PRACTICE (AJERLP)
VOL. 24 NO. 8 MARCH, 2022 ISSN: 2659-1999
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Studies,
University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office,
Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.
Copyright © 2022 African Scholar Publications and Research International.
Contextual Counselling Treatment Effect of Social Skills on Secondary School Students in Minna, Niger State of Nigeria
John Jiya Ph.D,
Department of Counselling Psychology, Faculty of Education and Arts, Ibrahim Badamasi Babagida University, Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria.
The study focused on the effect of social skill treatment (delivered in a school counselling context) on secondary school students. The experimental design obtained its subjects from three secondary schools using cluster sampling to get the control and the experimental group. Socialability questionnaire was the instrument used with a sample of 368 (189 constituted the control group and 179, the experimental group). Positive effect was found on the treatment, in addition, girls showed greater teachability in the study. It was recommended that social skills challenge should be deliberately addressed using school counselling among other strategies.
Keywords; Counselling, Social skills, Treatment, School and Effect.
Assessment of the Effects of Environmental Factors on Students Academic Performance in Public Secondary Schools in FCT Abuja Nigeria
Dr. Yakubu Sani; Dr. Uwaleke, Gladys Chinelo; And Dr. Emakpor Peter Chuks
Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Management.
The study examined assessment of the effects environmental factors on Students Academic Performance in Public secondary schools in FCT Abuja Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey. The respondents of the study comprises 352 teachers which covered 10% of 3515 of the teachers in FCT Abuja Nigeria. The research instruments used for this study was titled assessment of effects environmental factors on students academic performance in public secondary schools in FCT Abuja Nigeria (IOEFOSAP). The statistical method used to analyzed the data was chi-square while mean and standard deviation was used to answer research questions. The findings of the study among others revealed that there was a significant effect of environmental factors on student’s academic performance and also Student’s Academic Performance was significantly related to school facilities. It was recommended among others that school administrators should in conjunction with the government ensure that school facilities are adequately provided so that the school environment will be conducive and comfortable for learning.
Keywords: Assessment, Environmental Factors, School Facilities, School Location, Class Condition and Academic Performance
Mathematics Teachers’ Awareness, Perception and Attitude Towards Exelearning Instructional Authoring Tool among Secondary Schools in Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
Abdulkarim, O. R*, Nsofor, C. C., Tukura, C. S. And Falode, O.C
Department of Educational technology, School of Science and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
The study investigated the Mathematics teachers’ awareness, perception and attitude towards Exe learning instructional authoring tool among secondary schools in Minna, Niger state, Nigeria. During the pilot study, the obtained reliability coefficients were 0.72, 0.79 and 0.75 for awareness, perception and attitude of exe learning authoring tool. Mean and standard deviation were adopted to answer the research questions and the null hypothesis was tested at the 0.05 confidence level using t-test approach. Findings revealed that teachers are aware, have a good perception and excellent attitude to the use of exe learning authoring tools with a grand mean and standard deviation of 3.53, 3.02, 3.08 and 0.68, 0.85, and 0.83 respectively. Therefore, from the results of the analysis, mathematics teachers under the study show an appreciable level of awareness, good perception and excellent attitude to the use of exe learning authoring tools as a mode of teaching-learning mathematics subject. It was recommended that teachers should be encouraged to use the eXe learning platform by providing all the necessary gadget such as laptop, conducive environment and the needed information, communication and technology skills and resources required.
Keywords: Authoring tool, eXeLearning, Awareness, perception, attitude, Mathematics
Influence of Peer Group Pressure and Parents Occupation on the Choice of Subjects Combination among Secondary School Students in Jalingo Metropolis
*Dr. Aminu Sani; & **Mr. Umar Jirah Fwafu
*Department of Educational Foundations, Taraba State University, Jalingo. **Department of Guidance and Counselling, Taraba State University, Jalingo
The study was designed to investigate the influence of peer group pressure and parents occupation on the choice of career among public secondary school students in Jalingo metropolis. Two objectives and two research questions were formulated to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study and a sample of (298) secondary school students were used as sample for the study. Peer Group Pressure and Parents Occupation Questionnaire was developed and used as the instrument for data collection. The results revealed that peer group pressure and parents occupation have positive influence on students’ career choice. The study concludes that peer group pressure poses a great influence on the choice of students’ choice of career also occupation of parents determines the choice of students’ career in secondary schools of Jalingo metropolis. The study recommends that Government and School Administrators should intensify effort to provide the services of counsellors in all public secondary schools in the state in order to guide the students towards career selection that corresponds with their interest, abilities and aptitude right from secondary school stage.
Keywords: Influence, Peer Group, Parents, Occupation, Career Choice
Assessment of Electronic Information Resources on Postgraduate Engineering Students’ Academic Activities in Federal Universities in South-West, Nigeria
Fasugba, Motunrayo Fatima; and Dr. S. J. Udoudoh
Library and Information Technology Dept., Federal University of Technology, Minna
This paper was on the Assessment of Electronic Information Resources on Postgraduate Engineering Students’ Academic activities in Federal Universities in South-West, Nigeria. The study was guided by two objectives; find out the extent of awareness on electronic information resources available for the academic activities of post graduate engineering students in federal universities in South-West, Nigeria, challenges faced in the utilization of electronic information resources among postgraduate engineering students for their academic activities in federal universities in South-West. Survey research design method was adopted with targeted population of 16,855. The sample size for the study was 375 drawn using Krejcie and Morgan Sample Table. Questionnaire was the only instrument used for data collection. Out of the 375 copies of questionnaire administered, 307 copies were filled, returned and used for data analysis. Descriptive statistical tool involving frequency counts and percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) analysis was also used to test the two null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that the types of electronic information resources available for academic activities of engineering postgraduate students were: e-books, e-journals, e-newspapers, e-conference papers, e-magazines, e-theses/dissertations, e-monographs, Web Public Access Catalogue and online databases and poor ICT infrastructure, outdated electronic information resources, erratic power supply, lack of fund, lack of proper ICT knowledge, low bandwidth, lack of user orientation are challenges faced in the use of electronic information resources among engineering postgraduate students for their academic activities. The study concluded that 21st century has created a need where postgraduate students can access information resources beyond printed format because of the nature of information generated or provided in electronic formats which they can access through their phones and laptops. The study recommended that management of federal Universities in South-West, Nigeria should strive to provide adequate information resources that can support students’ academic activities, create avenue through seminars, workshops and library user education Programmes for Engineering Postgraduate Students to improve and keep them abreast on the use of electronic information resources for their academic activities.
Keywords: Academic Activities, Electronic Information Resources, Postgraduate Engineering Students.
Knowledge Sharing and Information Credibility as Correlate of Decision Making Among Health Practitioners in Federal Medical Centre North-Central Nigeria
*Adaji, Trust Kadiri; *Prof P.U. Akor; & **Abu Omali Isa
*Department of Library and Information Technology, Federal University of Technology Minna. **Library Services Department, Federal University of Technology Minna.
The paper highlighted knowledge sharing and information credibility as correlate of decision making among health practitioners in federal medical centres in North-Central, Nigeria. The study was guided by two (2) objectives, two (2) research questions and one (1) hypothesis. The null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance: Survey research design method was adopted for the study. Questionnaire was the only instrument used for data collection. Three hundred and seventy-four (374) copies of questionnaire were administered on respondents and three hundred and sixty-one (361) copies of questionnaire were filled, returned and used for the analysis. Descriptive statistics such as frequency count, percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data. The findings of the study among others revealed that health practitioners conceptualize ideas during decision making processes. The result of the hypothesis showed that increase in knowledge shared and verified will improve decision making among health practitioners in federal medical centres North Central, Nigeria. In conclusion, the study recommended among others that provision of equipment and use of professional social media platforms for credible knowledge sharing will aid medical practitioners in decision making processes and ensure that the provision of only rich credible information are provided.
Assessment of the Implementation of the Upper Basic English Language Curriculum in Ondo City, Nigeria
Toju Eyengho, (Ph. D); & Adelowo Peter
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, School of Education, Adeyemi Federal University of Education, Ondo State, Nigeria.
The study assessed the implementation of the Upper Basic English Language curriculum in Ondo city. Three research questions were formulated to serve as a guide for the investigation. Questionnaires designed by the researchers were utilized for the purpose of procuring relevant data or information to answer the research questions. The investigators used five school principals/vice principals and fifty Upper Basic English Language teachers that represented the randomly selected respondents. Fifty five respondents were used in total. The data collected were analyzed using frequency distribution tables and simple percentages. Findings of the study suggested there were not enough English Language teachers for the Upper Basic English language curriculum, there was lack of commitment from the English Language teachers to implement the curriculum, there was inconsistency on the part of government at various levels. In conclusion, the research made some valuable recommendations.
E-Counselling Accessibility amidst Covid-19 Pandemic among Secondary School Students in Southern Kaduna State, Nigeria
*Bahago, Samaila. Benedict; & **James Bando
*Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja. **Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, University Abuja
This study e-counselling accessibility factor amidst covid-19 Pandemic among secondary school students in Southern Kaduna State of Nigeria, investigated the accessibility of e-counselling facilities (if available at all in such schools) for use in guidance & counselling services by students and school counsellors in senior secondary schools. The specific objective was to find out the accessibility use of e-counseling facilities in guidance and counselling services for senior secondary schools in the southern parts of Kaduna state. Six hundred and eighty- Nine students (689), and twenty-five (25) school counselors made up the study population. Purposive sampling technique was employed allowing for the entire population to be used for the study. E-counseling facilities accessibility in Guidance and Counseling Services (EAGCS) questionnaire was used in this study to collect data from the respondents. Frequencies, percentages, mean score and standard deviation were used to analyze the collected data based on the research questions, while t-test statistics was used to test the hypothesis. The findings from the study revealed that the accessibility of e-counseling facilities by students is poorly inadequate. The study recommended that government should make E-counseling facilities accessibility to secondary school students a top priority especially with threats of covid-19 to life. Also, school Counsellors should integrate e-counselling in guidance & counselling services in secondary schools in Southern Kaduna state considering the dangers and threats posed by covid-19.
Keywords: Accessibility, Covid-19 pandemic, e-counseling, Guidance and Counselling, and Services.
Community Participation in Decision Making and Provision of Fund in Public Secondary Schools in Bauchi State, Nigeria
Dr. Abdulrafiu Omotayo Bolatito
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education and Extensions Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto
The study investigated community participation in decision making and provision of fund in secondary schools in Bauchi State, Nigeria. The study used descriptive survey research design to carry out the research work with 1,256 participants as study population. The study used deliberate, purposive and simple random sampling techniques. Research Advisor (2006) was used to select 296 out of 1256 participants. A Researcher Designed questionnaire titled: Community Participation in Decision Making and Provision of Fund Questionnaire (CPDMPFQ) was used to collect data and four (4) modified Likert scale rating such as Strongly Agreed (SA), Agree (A), Disagreed (D) and Strongly Disagreed (SD) was used to measure participants’ responses. Content validity of the research instrument was done by experts in Educational Administration and Planning and 0.78 reliability index was obtained using Cronbach alpha after a pilot study was conducted. The study used descriptive statistics such as percentages (%), mean (), tables and frequency counts to analyze data collected through questionnaire. Results of the analysis indicated that community participated in the provision of fund was found to be facilitated and encouraged construction and renovation of school buildings such as classrooms, staff offices in secondary schools in Bauchi state.. It was concluded that community participated in the provision of fund mainly facilitate and encourage renovation and construction of school buildings. The study recommended that ministry of education through school administrators should collaborate to create enabling environment that will enhance and encourage community members, philanthropists and other agencies to willingly participate in the provision of fund to further enhance quality of secondary education.
Keywords: community, participation, decision making, fund
An Appraisal of Information Technology as a Tool for Effective Curriculum Delivery amidst Insecurity Challenges in Nigeria
Shaibu Hussana; Egga Blessing; & Kwasua Bitrus Samaila
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
The Nigerian education system is deep into crises on multiple fronts, including the area of funding, Infrastructural facilities politicization of education, inadequate instructional materials, dynamic curriculum and access to quality education. However, the recent spate of killings by bandits and mass kidnappings of school children for ransom in some part of the country arguably represents the gravest threat and crisis to the educational system. Despite several claims to checkmate this spate of insecurity, much attention has not been given to technology as alternative means of implementing the curriculum. This study discussed the state of insecurity with a brief history of insecurity cases and learning in schools. The study also focused on the significance of Maslow theory with special interest on the second level of its hierarchy of needs as an essential aspect of human life for the actualization of educational goal. The study ascertain the importance of technology in teaching and learning process and concludes by providing some simple information technological measures for education stakeholders, curriculum planners and curriculum implementers to redesign the process of implementing educational programs through technology that may enhance curriculum content delivery in Nigeria especially in areas affected by insecurity crisis and conflict.
Keywords: Information technology, Education, Insecurity, Curriculum delivery
Reviewing Education Laws and Policies: The Imperatives of Inclusive Education System towards Realizing Philosophical and Special Needs Education Policy Statements in Nigeria
*Abdullahi Adamu Babangida; **Abdu Mustapha Ph.D; & *Tolorunleke Aduke Caroline Ph.D
*Education Psychology Department, FCT College of Education, Zuba-Abuja **Physical and Health Education Department, Federal University Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State
This paper titled reviewing education laws and policies: the imperatives of inclusive education system towards realising philosophical and special needs education policy statements in Nigeria. The text of paper focused on establishing and entrenching value orientedness into our education system. That is making it all inclusive so as to make it tailored, a gesture of pronounced quality education in totality. Thus, the imperatives of inclusive education system is highlighted in terms of value oriented such that makes teachers role more effective and efficient in education delivery practices, measuring his/her inter and intra methodological approaches to the process of fostering and facilitating teaching and learning to all categories of learners both (special needs and normals). In this vein, teachers’ role is viewed more pronounced in terms of creativity, innovation and enhanced productivity focused on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Education Delivery Practices which is a milestone development in transforming teaching and learning to achieve a quality outcome. Likewise, the inclusive teaching and learning environment become more stimulated and simulated, enriched with facilities, gadgets and equipments such that determines quality instruction and outcome which are susceptible towards making more realizable the philosophical goals and special needs policy statements. Thus climaxing the process of making developmental tasks (millennium and sustainable) goals more achievable as well as visionary statements. Conclusion drawn as well as recommendations made to that effect.
Challenges Of Teaching And Learning Local Languages In The Era Of Globalization: Fulfulde Language In Focus
Usman Bobbo Iliyasu
Federal College of Education Yola
The important of language cannot be over emphasized. It is very vital part of human life. It is also a natural phenomenon which is used for the purpose of communicating meaning in the society. Therefore, this paper examines the concept of globalization, challenge of teaching and learning Fulfulde language. The paper prefers some teaching strategies that could be used to simplify teaching and learning of Fulfulde language so that more nonnatives speakers can learn the language and communicate favorably with the native speaker in this era of globalization.
Keywords: Teaching, Learning, Local Languages, Fulfulde, Globalization
Nutritional Problems among Children of Schools Age and Way Forward
Mr Tukurah Obadiah Ango
Department of Physical and Health Education, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Government Secondary School, Gwargwada- Abuja, Under Secondary Education Board (SEB), Area 3, Gari- Abuja.
The nutritional status of school-aged children impacts their health, cognition, and subsequently their educational achievement. The school is an opportune setting to provide health and nutrition services to disadvantaged children. Yet, school-aged children are not commonly included in health and nutrition surveys. Rising obesity rates among other nutritional problems, elevated food insecurity, and the growing recognition that nutrition is critical to the healthy development of young children are all raising awareness of the need to improve school children food and to educate children and families on the importance of healthy eating. Every child must be ensured the best start in life – their future, and indeed the future of their communities, nations as well as the whole world depends on it. Nutrition has been called the single greatest environmental influence on babies while in the womb, during infancy and it remains essential for them in the early years of life through the school age period. This paper discusses what constitute good nutrition and nutritional needs of school age children, nutritional problems of this age, factors contributing to school age nutritional problems and the way out of the problems among school age children.
Keywords: Nutrition, Malnutrition, Over-nutrition, obesity, Food security.
Parental and Peer Group Influence on the Choice of Career among Yoruba Students in Afijio Local Government Area of Oyo State
Oladokun, K. C.
Department of Yoruba, School of Secondary Education (Language Programmes), Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.
The study was carried out to identify the effects of parental and peer group influence on the choice of career among Yoruba students in Afijio Local Government Area of Oyo state. A student population of 100 students drawn from five secondary schools in Afijio Local Government Area were randomly selected and used for the study to each of the students were administered with questionnaire and answer offered were collated and analysed. The result obtained from the study shows that; illiterate parents have little or no time to their children’s education. Children from educated home background shows more interest in education, lack of motivation and parent forcing them to do their will, it was also found out that only few students are interested in their parents occupation. Parents are factor influencing the choice of career among their children positively or negatively and samething goes to the peer group. To test the validity of the stated research question from the respondents, it was discovered that many of the option career choice education should be introduced in senior secondary school in Afijio Local Government. Some findings were also made in this research, which will be of great benefit to the students in the need to establish guidance and counselling facilities centres in secondary schools will help to solve career choice problem facing the students.
Productivity and Job Satisfaction of Librarians’ in ATBU and Federal Polytechnic Libraries Bauchi
*Ishaku A Adamu; *Ibrahim Usman; & **Ahmed Bala Umar
*Federal Polytechnic Library, Bauchi. **Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
This study investigated the relationship between job satisfaction and productivity of librarians in Academic Libraries. Productivity and Job satisfaction of employees plays a crucial role in determining the general productivity of workers in any organization. The general opinion was that job satisfaction and productivity of librarians in ATBU and Federal Polytechnic Libraries were low and a cause for concern. The, Namely: Abubakar Tafawa-Balewa University and Bauchi, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. A correlational survey research design was adopted. The study population consisted of 48 librarians in the libraries, from which were selected using simple random sampling from other staff. The research instrument used was a self-developed questionnaire. The questionnaire validation was subjected to the scrutiny experts in the areas of the variables studied; it gave a reliability coefficient of 0.68 for Job Satisfaction; and 0.78 for Productivity. A response rate of 57.2% was achieved. Data were analysed using descriptive (percentage, mean, average mean and standard deviation) and inferential (Pearson Product Moment Correlation) statistics. The study revealed a significant relationship between job satisfaction and productivity (r = 0.025, P < 0.05) of librarians in academic libraries in Nigeria. The study concluded that contrary to general belief, job satisfaction and productivity levels of librarians in academic libraries were high. It is recommended that university library management should continue to promote values such as improved employee recognition, good leadership style and improved human capital development programmes that would increase job satisfaction and productivity.
Keywords: Productivity, Job satisfaction, Librarians, libraries.
Effect of Incessant Strike on Nigerian Education: Implications for University Education in Nigeria
Alexander Yohanna; & Audu Diggah
Department of Special Needs Education, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya
The study was carried out on the Effect of Incessant Industrial Strike on Nigerian Education: Implications for University Education in Nigeria. The aim of the paper was to determine the effect of incessant through on the adequacy of years students are supposed to spend receiving lectures in the university before graduation. The design of the study was triangulation design and the scope of the covers incessant strike embarked by the Academic Staff union of Universities (ASUU) in Nigeria from 1999 to 2020. As source of data, the researcher used the data on the number of strikes Universities embarked on and how long each lasted. Simple percentage was used to analyse the data and the result reveals that about 17% of the entire calendar has constantly been used to train the students but is lost to strike. Conclusion was therefore, made that Nigeria University students are hare half-baked with strike action responsible for 17% of the problem. One that background, recommendation was made that government should avoid any action that would lead Asuu to go strike and Asuu should find an alternative means of settling their disputes with government other than industrial strike.
Keywords: Strike, Industrial Strike, University, University Education
Role of Social Media on Students Academic/Co-Curricular Achievement at School Level
Nafisa Abdulrahman Ashafa
Department of Biology Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria
Role of social media on student’s academic /co-curricular achievement at school level was carried out using descriptive qualitative survey method. The obtained data was analyzed using thematic content analysis. The positive roles of social media on students at school are found. the respondents highlighted some benefits of social media on students as follows: it allows teachers to demonstrate to students (16.6%), it used for learning using online books, and other materials(16.6%),It allows collaboration among students from various places, areas(16.6%), It allows students to express themselves (11.1%), Teachers create groups for extra lesson(11.1%),, Provide easy ways of giving(11.1%),, submission, and collection of assignments(11.1%), Learn how to read and write from others(11.1%). The least response was ‘Enhances vocabulary development (5.6%). This finding has rejected the hypothesis “There are no positive roles/ advantages of social media on academic /co-corricular achievement at school level”. The disadvantages/ negative roles of social media on students are related by the respondents. Therein, the major theme mentioned was Copy bad (sexual)/ other attitudes from others (33.3%), then the following themes: Can make students lazy or abhorrent to books (22.2%), May promote plagiarism(22.2%), Time consumption(22.2%), and make student Spend more time on social media than reading books(22.2%). This finding has rejected the hypotheis “There are no negative/ disadvantages of social media on academic /co-curricular achievement at school level”. The suggestions on reducing negative roles of social media on students at school were submitted. Therein, the major theme submitted was Proper/ careful monitoring of their use of phones/ social media (40.0%). The other submission are: Parents should teach them on how to properly use phones (20.0%), Teachers should coach on how to use social media(20.0%),and Screening of on accessing risky sites to students. This finding has rejected the hypothesis “There are no the negative/ disadvantages of social media on academic /co-curricular achievement at school level”. Conclusively, there are positive and negative roles of social media on students academic achievement at school.
Keywords: Social media, school, extracurricular activities, curriculum, academic achievement
Enhancing Effective Indigenous Second Language (L2) Learning through Instructional Materials
Umma Sa’ade Abdulaziz
Department of Hausa, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
The teaching and learning of a second language is always an herculean task because of certain technical and social factors. Normally, language is better and easier leant in the social environment where it is spoken. In such a case, language is gradually learnt assimilated and flawlessly spoken unconsciously and spontaneously, within a period of not more than six months or at most one year, the learner might have covered a great deal of vocabulary, morphosyntax and grammar making him to acquire the required linguistic competence for his day to day communication needed in dwelling with members of the linguistic community of the target language where he finds him or herself. However, when a second language is being learnt in a classroom or in any other form outside the socio-linguistic environment where the language is the accepted mean of communication by the indigenous speakers the learner finds it difficult due to some logistic, technical and social factors as mentioned earlier. In this situation of learning indigenous languages as (L2) second language the use of instructional materials becomes of paramount importance in order to enhance effective teaching and learning of the languages. The paper enumerate and discuss the various teaching aids/ instructional materials needed in this task.
Keywords: Instructional materials, Second language (L2), Enhancing, Indigenous.