NIGHTINGALE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (NIJCER)
VOL. 11 (8) JUNE, 2020. ISSN: 1969-1889
NIGHTINGALE PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL,
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Copyright © 2020 Nightingale Publications and Research International
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DEPRESSION, GENDER, AND SCHOOL TYPE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE SOUTH SENATORIAL ZONE OF BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
*AHMED SADIQ *AGBO DAVID OKLO AND **LUKMAN IBRAHIM JAHUN
*Department of Arts and social Science Education, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria **Department of Educational Foundation, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria
Depression has been considered to be the major psychiatric disease of the 20th century. It is an emotion that everyone will have experienced at some point in their lives. Depression strikes rich and poor, young and old, men and women, the famous and the unknown. Hence, this study was carried out to examine the relationship between depression, gender, and school type among senior secondary school students in the South Senatorial Zone of Bauchi State. Ex-post facto design was used in the study. The population of the study consists of 75 senior secondary schools with about 57,480 public senior secondary school students in the South Senatorial Zone of Bauchi State. 381 students were selected as sample based on the principles of Research Advisor’s (2006) table. The sampling technique used in this study was ‘Stratified Random Technique’. Data for the study was collected using an adopted version of Beck’s Depression Inventory-II which has a reliability of internal consistency with alpha value of = 0.85 and also it correlates with BDI-II with a reliability of r = 0.71. Data of the study was statistically analyzed using T-test to test both the two hypotheses (1 and 2). Finding of the study revealed that there is gender difference in the level of depression among senior secondary school students in the South Senatorial Zone of Buchi State. The result further revealed that students in day secondary schools are more depressed compared to their counterparts in boarding secondary schools. Based on the study findings, it is concluded that there is negative relationship between depression, gender, and school type among senior secondary school students in the South Senatorial Zone of Bauchi State. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that Bauchi State government should provide functional Guidance and Counselling Services in senior secondary schools to assist students with the symptoms of depression.
Keywords: Depression, Students, Gender, and School Type.
ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TEACHERS’ COMMITMENT AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN GOMBE STATE SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS, NIGERIA
*MUSTAPHA A. BABA IBI (PhD) **REGINA MAIYANBA AND ***AISHATU BELLO (PhD)
*Department of Educational Foundations Taraba State University, Jalingo **Department of Education, University of Maiduguri, Borno State ***Modibo Adama University, Yola, Adamawa State
This study assessed the relationship between teachers’ commitment and students’ academic performance in Gombe State Senior Secondary Schools. Three research questions and one hypothesis were raised and tested. Theory of Compliance System was adopted from the works of Etzioni (1961). Survey and Correlational design were adopted for this study. All the 155 Senior Secondary Schools in Gombe State and 162,365 students formed the population of this study. A Cluster Stratified Sampling technique were used to sample 21 schools and 17,136 students. The respondents were 3,388 teachers in the Senior Secondary Schools of Gombe state out of which 164 were Sample using a proportionate sampling techniques. A self-developed instrument titled ‘Teachers’ Job Commitment Questionnaire (TJCQ) for teachers and principals as well as Profoma for collection of Students’ Academic Performance in SSCE (WAEC) for the period of 2013-2015. Findings of this study revealed that teachers are committed to their jobs but the level of commitment is moderate, level of Students’ Academic Performance is very low and the relationship between Teachers’ Commitment and level of Academic Performance are negatively correlated. It was recommended among others that principals should ensure that Teachers come to school daily, teach their lesson and keep proper records of their students to enhance more commitment.
Keywords: Teachers’ commitment, Extent of teachers’ commitment, Academic performance, Students’ academic performance
CORRELATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF NATIONAL DIPLOMA (ND) I STUDENTS WHO ATTEMPT AND THOSE WHO DID NOT ATTEMPT PHYSICS AT O’ LEVEL (A case study of ND 1 students Yobe state college of Agriculture Gujba)
Chukwuemeka Odumegu Ojokwu University Uli Anambra State
This study was aimed finding out whether this is a relationship between the performances of National Diploma one (ND 1) students in Agricultural Technology (AGT) Department of Yobe state college of Agriculture Gujba who attempted physics and those who did not attempt physics at O’ level. 10 out of the 27 students of 2016/2017 academic session were randomly selected. From the result of a physics test that had a reliability of 91%, a correlation analysis r 0.4 showed that the is a relationship between the performance of student at ND one who attempted physics at O’ level and vis vasa. Using Chi square, the analysis of the scores of both set of students were confirmed at the level of 8 df XC greater than XCt= 15.5. It was therefore concluded that student at ND one will perform better in physics if they attempted physics at O’ level.
Keywords: Performance in physics, correlation, students, National diploma, Chi-square, significant and relationship.
COUNSELLING SKILLS POSSESSED BY COUNSELLORS FOR IMPROVING STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ANAMBRA STATE
NNADI, GRACE CHINYERE (Ph. D) AND UZOEKWE, HELEN E. (Ph. D)
Department of Guidance And Counselling, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State Pmb 5025
School guidance counsellors’ play important roles in students’ learning and their contributions in using varieties of the counselling skills would eventually lead to students’ academic achievement. However, the high rate and increase of poor students’ academic performances which leads to low academic achievements observed in Anambra secondary schools has been the reason for this present study. It evident in related literature and other sources that guidance counselling services which involves counsellors utilizing their counselling skills could be very much effective in the achievement of students’ academic excellence, performances and achievements. This study therefore examined counselling skills possessed by counsellors for improving students’ academic achievements in secondary schools in Anambra State. Two research questions guided the study. A descriptive survey research design was employed in the study. The population for this study constituted 34,619 senior secondary school students in 258 public secondary schools within the six (6) education zones in Anambra State. The sample for the study consisted of 692 senior secondary school students drawn from 129 secondary schools within the 6 education zones in Anambra State using both the probability and non-probability sampling techniques constituting the stratified random sampling and systematic sampling techniques respectively. The samples drawn represented 50% of the public secondary schools and 2% of the students’ population selected for the study. A 36-item questionnaire developed by the researcher and titled: “Counsellors’ Counselling Skills Questionnaire (CCSQ)” as rated by the students served as the instrument for data collection. The instrument was validated by two experts from Guidance and Counselling Department, and one Measurement and Evaluation expert from Educational Foundations Department, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State. Reliability of the instrument was established through a pilot test conducted once on a single administration of the research instrument which was distributed on a sample of 30 students from three public secondary schools in Enugu State. Data were analyzed using mean scores bench marked on a midpoint of 2.50 and standard deviation. Findings of the study revealed among others, the counselling skills possessed by counsellors for improving students’ academic achievements and which were only the listening skills, questioning skills and skill of allowing silence. It was further revealed through the findings that majority of the counsellors did not possess the counselling skills investigated. From these findings, recommendations were made. Among these recommendations include that: Anambra State Post Primary Schools Service Commission (PPSSC) in collaboration with the principals should utilize the necessary means or strategies through coordination of various staff development programmes and use of effective reward systems, in order to equip school counsellors with the requisite counselling skills for improvement of students’ academic achievements. However, they should encourage counsellors to frequently participate in in-service training and retraining programmes that will improve their professional counselling skills for improving students’ academic achievements.
Keywords: Guidance, Counselling, Skills, Possessed, Counsellors, Improving, Students, Academic, Achievements, Secondary Schools
INFLUENCE OF OPEN AND CLOSE SCHOOL CLIMATE ON TEACHERS JOB PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN DONGA LGA OF TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
*IBRAHIM SALEH BALI **UMAR JIRAH FWAFU **DR. AMINU SANI
*Department of Educational Foundations, Taraba State University, Jalingo **Department of Guidance & Counselling, Taraba State University, Jalingo
The study was designed to investigate the influence of open and close school climate on teachers job performance in secondary schools of Donga L.G.A, Taraba State. Two objectives and two research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study and were tested at (0.05) level of significance. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study, Open and Close School Climate Questionnaire was self-developed and validated by experts in Faculty of Education, Taraba State University, Jalingo and was used for data collection. Chi-square statistics was used for testing of the two null hypotheses and the results showed that open school climate has positive influence on teachers job performance; close school climate has negative influence on teachers job performance. The study concludes that open school climate has positive influence on teachers’ job performance, while close school climate has no positive influence on teachers’ job performance. The study recommends that all indices of open school climate be used by the Directors and Principals of Secondary Schools for Teachers’ Productivity and Performance.
Keywords: Open School Climate, Close School Climate, Teachers Job Performance, Influence
EFFECTS OF TEACHER SUBJECT MASTERY ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN JALINGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE.
1DURU, PRECIOUS ONYEKACHI; 2DOMINIC, GLADYS ZUGWAI; 3UDOHA, CHIDIEBUBE; 4OCHUBA PERPETUA CHIDIMMA.
1,2,3 Peacock College of Education Jalingo, P.M.B. 2, Along FMC Way, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria.
This research work was carried out to study the effects of teacher subject mastery on the academic performance of secondary school students in Jalingo L.G.A. The main objectives of this study were to determine the effect of teacher subject mastery, teacher years of experience and teacher professional qualification on the academic performance of secondary school students in selected secondary schools in Jalingo, and their involvement in examination malpractice. Data were collected using Questionnaire. Five (5) schools were sampled, in each of the schools, ten (10) teachers were selected to participate in the study, making a total number of fifty (50) teachers in all. The data collected in this study were analyzed through descriptive statistics. The data collected were analyzed using frequency counts and simple percentage. In addition, mean and standard deviation were used to provide answers to the research questions. All research questions were answered at 2.5 level of significance. However, this study revealed that subject mastery significantly affects the academic performance of secondary school students in Jalingo. The study recommends that continuous training workshops and seminars should be organised for practicing teachers, school administrators should devise means to identify and tackle weaknesses in teachers’ subject knowledge; and subject mastery should be a criterion for recruitment of teachers in secondary schools.
Keywords: Subject Mastery, Teaching experience, Professional, Academic Performance, Examination Malpractice.
TRADITIONAL ISLAMIC EDUCATION IN NORTHERN NIGERIA, QUR’ANIC AND ZAURE SYSTEEM OF LEARNING; FORMALIZING ITS PEDAGOGYAND CURRICULUM: A SOLUTION TO UPGRADE
DR MUHAMMAD MUJTABA ABDULKADIR & DR IBRAHIM SULAIMAN GALADIMA
School of Undergraduate Studies, Department of Islamic Studies, A D Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State
Scholars had often established fully teaching activities in the field of Islamic and Arabic studies, according to time and ability. They have rendered their contributions in teaching profession upon time to their communities and, through this, they secured the classical mode of Islamic and Arabic teaching and learning, in spite some challenges. their endeavor offered additional ground in planting the specialization in Islamic and Arabic scholarships in different places in Northern Nigeria, prior to and after Shaykh Uthman bn Foduye’s Jihad, up till the present day, their roles are being witnessed through Tsangaya and Zaure system of education by using traditional pedagogy through classical activities. The functioning of the system necessitates the possibility of formalizing such legacy left to the later generation. This topic precisely shades light on the features of traditional Islamic education and possible ways to be followed in formalizing its pedagogy and curriculum for upgrading it as an established system for learning Islamic and Arabic sciences. The outlined solutions in this research may contribute in harnessing together to drive the policies upon which Government may wish to adopt because such centers are used for acquiring both Islamic and Arabic knowledge and it serves like a department in modern university faculties. This, as an attractive system of learning is adopted in most of Northern States, thus, it became a legacy to be maintained and upgraded based on time and climate change.
Keywords: Islamic Education, Northern Nigeria, Qur’anic, Zaure Systeem, Learning, Formalizing.
INFORMATION NEEDS AND RESOURCE UTILIZATION BY STATE LEGISLATORS IN LEGISLATIVE LIBRARIES IN THE BORNO AND YOBE STATES
Dr. MAGAJI, BAPPA ISA
Polytechnic Librarian, Federal Polytechnic Bali Taraba State
This study examined the information needs and resource utilization by state legislators in legislative libraries in the Borno and Yobe states. Three research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The population of the study was 52 which comprise 50 lawmakers in the two states Houses of Assembly and two librarians in the Houses of Assembly libraries. Since the population is manageable, the sample for the study was 51 respondents were used for the study as such no sampling. Three instruments were used for data collection. A 35 items 4-point Likert scale structured questionnaire, interview schedule and observation checklist were used as the instruments for the data collection. The data collected with the observation checklist and structured interview schedule were used to confirm or refute the findings from the questionnaire. The data collected for this study were analyzed using mean and standard deviations for the research questions while the hypotheses were tested using t-test at 0.05 level of significance. The three hypotheses tested revealed that there was no significant difference in the mean ratings of more experienced and less experienced legislators. The results revealed the information needs of state legislators which include need to get information about past legislation; need to know the needs of his/her constituency; information on political and development and issues; information on local government policies among others. The challenges militating against information resource utilization by state legislators to meet their information needs in the libraries were also found. Strategies for enhancing information resource utilization among state legislators in meeting their information needs were also suggested which include that the librarian should introduce members to modern day library services and techniques and acquire current information sources.
Keywords: Information Needs, Resource Utilization, Legislators, Legislative, Library
ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS TEACHERS TOWARDS INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN EKITI STATE; A CASE STUDY OF IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
JEJE, O.S., OLAGOKE, M. AND (MRS) AYODELE, O. B.
College of Education, Ikere Ekiti, Department of Mathematics.
The purpose of this study was to find out the attitude of secondary school mathematics teacher towards information communication technologies (ICT) in Ekiti state. A total sample of 200 secondary school teachers (male and female) was selected through stratified random sampling from Ikere local government area of Ekiti state. A 20 item questionnaire was developed by the researches on attitude of secondary school mathematics teachers towards ICT. The data obtained were analyzed using independent t- test statistics. The result of the study revealed that majority of the teachers had a very poor attitude towards ICT. It was observed that male teachers showed positive attitude while female teachers had a negative attitude towards ICT. The researchers recommended that continuous in-service ICT training be made for teacher in all categories in ekiti state.
Keyword: Attitude, Secondary School, Teacher, Information, Technology and Communication
FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTRONIC LIBRARY SET UP IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS FOR EDUCATION, LEARNING AND RESEARCH TRANSFORMATION AGENDA
MOHAMMED, MUSA SABA1 SULEIMAN, SAIDU2, AREMU, ADENIKE3, ABDULRAUF, ABDULRASAQ4 & BABADOKO, ALIYU MUHAMMAD5
Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic, Bida, Niger State
In the current dispensation, there is need for educational institutions particularly in Nigeria to move and be in tune with technological innovations across the globe. This will also help to position the institutions better to deliver effective and efficient educational services and thereby avail their products the opportunity for better education, learning and research in order to compete favourably across the globe. Contemporarily, we have diverse means and media to process, organize and disseminate relevant information to community of library users; electronic library is one of such media and very prominent among the academic libraries. It is a way out to meeting users’ information curiosities at appropriate time, place, and convenience, of course it provides access to wide range of relevant information resources via computers, telecommunications and associate technologies, users can enjoy the euphoria of information access from distant libraries without being physically present. It as an organized collection of relevant digital resources designed to aid teaching, learning and research. This paper is an opinion oriented by nature, its discussed critical issues in terms of concepts, setting up requirements, benefits, challenges and way forward of electronic library set up in higher institutions for appreciable education, learning and research transformation agenda.
Keyword: electronic library, academic library, users, education, technology
INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL STUDIES ON ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR ON SCHOOL ACTIVITIES AMONG JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN KADUNA STATE
FARUK ABUBAKAR & ABDULMUMIN T. MUHAMMAD
General Studies Education, Federal College of Education, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria, West Africa
The study x-ray social studies on its influence among adolescence students relates to anti-social behaviour in school activities. The study however, address areas of emphasis on moral contents depict on teaching of social studies as applied to certain behaviours being humiliates among youths school going ages, such as examination malpractice, drug addiction, truancy among other social vices commonly associates with contemporary adolescence. However, the study focuses on Junior Secondary School, Kaduna State, since school is a common place to inculcate knowledge and moral disciplines, it is imperative for this study towards attainment of egalitarian and sanitize society and equally, Kaduna State being one of the vulnerable states in which anti-social behaviour among school going youths is on the increase. It is against this background, the study investigate and profound ways in which situations can be ameliorates towards reinforcement of social values depict by social studies desire goals in the realization of requisite behaviours in society. However, the research findings indicates that the influence of social studies on anti-social behaviour relates to school activities often associates with inadequate technical skills and application of its methodologies by the givers of social studies knowledge on one hand and the inability of average teachers with require knowledge base in handling the subject of social studies to its logical expectations while social media creates greater challenges among these school age youths based on its wider/easy accessibility. The study cover Kaduna state, but limits its study to Zaria educational zone. The study population focuses on the Junior Secondary Schools in some selected areas. A sample of one thousand, two hundred (1200) staff/students (males/females) were selected from the total population of 7,326 teachers/students that made up the population of the study, using purposive sampling technique. The study revealed that there is no significant difference between the behaviour of adolescent students and social studies contents on the extent of its influence of social studies on anti-social behaviour on school activities among students of junior secondary schools in Kaduna state.
Keywords: Social Studies, Behaviours, Anti-Social, Influence, Secondary School.
THE ROLE OF MULTIMEDIA IN ENHANCING THE TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESS IN NIGERIA: A NECCESSITY FOR REFORMING EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
HUSSAINI GALI AHMED
Department of Mathmatics, School of Secondary Education (Sciences) Federal College of Education Kano State, Nigeria
The study examines the role of multimedia in enhancing the teaching and learning process in Nigeria: the concepts of information and communication technology have been highlighted. It also highlighted the importance of multimedia to education, Procedure for using multimedia are identified, the major challenges associated with the use of multimedia in the teaching and learning are discussed. Lack of stable power supply, lack of adequate skills to use multimedia, lack of internet facilities and high cost of ICT tools, are some of the challenges facing the use of multimedia in Nigeria. The paper will be useful to Educational Administrators, Teacher Educators, solution to problems of large classes in Nigeria, and facilitating of effective learning. The provision of internet facilities in the schools and regular supply of electricity are some of the recommendations made to improve multimedia usage in the teaching and learning process in Nigeria.
Keywords: Multimedia, Teaching, Learning, Education, ICT.
EFFECTS OF BLENDED LEARNING APPROACH ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
ALAO, LATEEAFAH ABIOLA; OKEGBEMIRO, JAMIU OKESOLA; & SULEIMAN, SHUAIBU SALIHU
School of Business of Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) GOMBE, Gombe State.
The study examines the effect of blended learning approach on students’ academic achievements in Information Technology in Federal College of Education (Technical) Gombe. In order to achieve this, two specific objectives, two research questions were raised and two null hypothesis were tested for the study. Quasi-experimental research design using pre-test and post-test was employed. This involves two groups: one experimental (blended learning) and a Control group (Traditional learning). The population of the study consists of 188 Nigeria Certificate in Education II students of Business Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Gombe, Nigeria. The entire population was used for the study. The instrument adopted for data collection was Information Technology Achievement Pre-Test (ITAPT) and Information Technology Achievement post-Test (ITAPT). The instruments consist of 20 objectives questions on Information Technology. The instrument was validated by three experts. A reliability coefficient of 0.82 was obtained using Richard Kuderson (K-20 formula). The data collected for the research questions were analysed using mean and standard deviation. The Null hypotheses of the study were tested using Analysis of Covariance at 0.05 significance level. The findings of the study revealed that Blended learning is effective in improving Colleges of education students’ academic achievement in information technology and the study equally showed that, there was significant gender effect on the academic achievement of Colleges of Education students taught information technology. Based on the findings, it was recommended that college of education lecturers should be encouraged to adopt blended learning to teach their students. Also, government and appropriate College Education authorities should support and encourage the usage of blended learning in Nigerian Colleges of Education.
Keywords: Blended Learning Approach, Students’ Academic Achievements, Information Technology, Colleges of Education, Business Education.
TEACHERS COMPETENCY AND AVAILABILITY OF FACILITIES AS CORRELATES OF EFFECTIVE COMPUTER EDUCATION IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
Department of Educational Foundations and Management, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education, Maiduguri Borno State
This paper investigated the correlate of teachers’ competency and teaching facilities available to computer education in Borno State secondary schools. Aspects investigated included personnel involved in the teaching of computer. Subjects were 50 teachers randomly selected from 10 secondary schools. Subjects responded to a validated questionnaire with 0.76 reliability co-efficient obtained through Pearson Product-moment reliability formula. Instrument was administered personally by the investigator. Data collected were treated by the use of frequency counts, percentages and Pearson product moment statistics. Findings revealed that trained teachers’ in computer education were inadequate and the infrastructural facilities (hardware and software) were equally inadequate. Insufficient facilities and low teachers competency on computer has negatively affected computer education in Borno State. It was therefore recommended that personnel recruited to teach computer education be trained and that appropriate software and hardware be provided to ease the teaching and learning of computer in Borno State secondary schools.
Keywords: Facilities, Teaching, Competency, Computer, Effective, Correlated, Secondary School Students
ASSESSMENT OF SCHOOL FACILITIES MAINTENANCE IN NIGERIA FOR THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TEACHING PROCESS. (A CASE STUDY OF NORTH EASTERN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS)
MOHAMMAD HASSAN GARBA
Adamu Tafawa Balewa College Of Education, Kangere, Bauchi, Nigeria
This study assessed the maintenance of school facilities for effective teaching process in public senior secondary schools in north eastern Nigeria. The researcher interested to determine the extent to which public senior secondary schools utilized preventive maintenance, used replacement maintenance, applied periodic maintenance and consideration attached to emergency maintenance. The study employed cross-sectional survey design and proportionate stratified random sampling techniques. The population of the study is 5121 respondents and the study sample stood at 357 respondents. The study covered all public senior secondary schools in north eastern Nigeria. A self-structured questionnaire was used to collect relevant data. To give the general description of the data, frequency and simple percentages were used for demographic data; mean and standard deviation were used to answer the four research questions and four null hypotheses were formulated and the testing was done using independent sample t-test. The instrument was validated by four experts, two from educational admin and planning and two were selected from test and measurement. The instrument was pilot tested using test re-test method and the reliability index was 0.808. The study concludes that facilities maintenance was in a moderate extent in some state because of their the good Administration and policies. School facilities were in a good shape but currently deteriorated due to poor maintenance of school facilities. It was recommended that both male and female teachers in every public senior secondary school in the state should be encouraged to utilize preventive maintenance in their respective schools. Day public secondary schools’ administrators should use part of their internally generated revenue to support periodic maintenance. Ministry of Education officials should monitor and supervise schools on regular basis to ensure that the four maintenance approaches are put in practice for the effectiveness of teaching process in public senior secondary schools in north eastern Nigeria.
Keyword: Assessment, Facilities, Maintenance, Effectiveness, Teaching, and process
IMPACT OF GUIDANCE SERVICE IN MINIMIZING EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE AMONG STUDENT IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION KANGERE BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
SANI ISA GYARYAL
Adamu Tafawa Balewa, College Of Education Kangere, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This study investigated the impact of Guidance service in minimizing “Examination Malpractices” in College Of Education Kangere in Bauchi state Nigeria. The researcher used three research questions. The design used was experimental design. A sample of 165 students was drawn from the college through stratified random sampling techniques. The sample size was determined using power analysis formula. The population consisted of 3,130 respondents comprising 1,314 males and 1,816 female students aged between 17 years and above. A researcher-developed questionnaire containing 20 items was validated by experts, subjected to reliability test using Cronbach Alpha coefficient method to collect the data. Data was analyzed using mean ratings which revealed that out of the 20 proposed strategies investigated, the respondents agreed that personal/social, educational and teachers’ forum strategies will be useful in counseling students against examination malpractice in College of Education, Kangere in Bauchi state. This means that unless several social, educational teacher sensitization strategies are vigorously implemented, school counseling might not contribute much in the fight against Examination Malpractice as one and evil practice in tertiary institutions. The purpose of this study specifically sought to: find out the impact of guidance service minimize the rate of examination malpractice among students of College of Education, Kangere, determine the impact of guidance service minimize the rate of examination malpractice of male and female students and ascertain the impact of guidance service minimize the rate of examination malpractice on the basis of age.
Keywords: Minizing, Guidelines, College of Educations, Examination, Malpractice
ASSESSING STUDENTS PERCEPTION OF DIFFICULT TOPICS IN MATHEMATICS AT SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BICHI ZONE, KANO STATE.
OGUNNIYI TEMEEM ABIODUN
School of Secondary Education (Science) Department of Mathematics, Federal College of Education (Tech.), Bichi.
This study was conducted to assess the students’ perception of difficult topics in mathematics in some selected senior secondary schools (SS) in Bichi zone, Kano state. Two hundred (200) SS final year (III) students were randomly selected from ten (10) selected senior secondary schools within Bichi zone of Kano state. A twenty items questionnaire was administered to respondents. Mean, standard deviation, and independent sample t-test statistics were used to analyze the data. Findings revealed that students perceived 13 topics (65%) difficult to comprehend. The study also showed that students’ gender had a significant influence on their perception of difficult topics in mathematics [t (198) =2.34, P =0.020, α = .05] and the nature of students’ schools had no significant influence on their perception of difficulty in mathematics [t (198) = -.444, p = 0.657, α = .05]. It was recommended that students should be encouraged and motivated to learn mathematics, curriculum developers should develop instructions that would improve students’ knowledge by laying more emphasis on the perceived difficulty areas in mathematics and further studies should be conducted to find out the factors responsible for the perceived difficulty and also if there is a relationship between perception and students’ achievement.
Keywords: Perception, Mathematics, curriculum, perceived difficulty.
COMPUTER-BASED GRAPHICS SKILLS NEEDED AMONG VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION STUDENTS IN NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS FOR SELF-EMPLOYMENT
1ISIYAKU DAUDA DANSARKI; 2ATTAMAH CHUKWUNWIKE EMMANUEL; AND 3FIDELIA ABANG
1&2Department of Office Technology & Management Education, FCE(T) Bichi 3Department of Electrical Electronics, FCE(T) Bichi
The purpose of this study was to postulate specific computer-based graphics skills needed by vocational and technical education students in Nigerian tertiary institutions for self-employment. Eighteen graphic skills were itemized as essentially imperative for vocational and technical education students in Nigerian tertiary institutions for self-employment after graduation. The study sample consists of 60 respondents (made up of 40 students and 20 teachers) from school of business education and the school of technical education (FCE-T Bichi) who were asked to specify those computer-based graphic skills that they considered imperative for their self-employment after graduation. Findings have revealed that out of the eighteen skills listed, seventeen were required by the respondents; and the test of hypothesis has revealed that there is no significant difference between the mean ratings of the responses of vocational and technical education Lecturers and vocational and technical Students on the computer-based graphics skills needed for self-employment by vocational and technical students in Nigerian tertiary institutions on graduation. Considering the trends of unemployment and economic in Nigeria and the entire world that was prompted by the outbreak of COVID 19 pandemic, the study recommends that computer-based graphic skills should be included in the curricula of business education and technical education programs in Nigerian tertiary colleges to enable them attain self-employment after graduation. The study also recommends that researchers in education should investigate the need for including other computer-based skills such as multimedia skills, internet skills and database skills in the scopes of tertiary education curricula.
Keywords: computer-based graphics skills, self-employment, business education, technical education, tertiary institutions, Nigeria
INFLUENCE OF PERCEIVED LACK OF ACCOMMODATION AND SELF-ESTEEM ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG UNDERGRADUATES OF BENUE STATE UNIVERSITY, MAKURDI
*NASIRU NUHU GARKUWA1 **DANIEL BENJAMIN SAANYOL2 ***WANTU, CLETUS 3
*Department of Psychology, School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. **Department of Community Health, Ihsan College of Health Science and Technology, Azare, Bauchi State.***UBE Junior Secondary School, Haanya-Adikpo, Kwande LGA Benue state
An investigation into the influence of perceived lack of accommodation and self-esteem on academic performance was conducted in a survey of 284 participants drawn from undergraduates of Benue State University, Makurdi. The participants made up of 186 (61.97%) males, 108 (38.03%) females took part in the study. Self developed questionnaire with 15 items and Cronbach alpha value of 663 and the Rosenberg scale develop by Morris Rosenberg in 1965 with Cronbach alpha value of 77 and 10 items were used for data collection. The findings showed there is a statistical significant relationship between perceived lack of accommodation and academic performance among undergraduates of Benue State University, Makurdi (F, df =: 281) = 52.105; p < 0.05). The findings also showed that there is no statistical significant relationship between self-esteem and academic performance among undergraduates of Benue State University, Makurdi. (F, df =: 281) = .069; p > 0.05). The findings further indicate that there is no statistical significant interaction effect of perceived lack of accommodation and self-esteem on academic performance among undergraduates of Benue State University, Makurdi (F, df = : 281) = 3.126; p > 0.05).These findings were discussed within the frame work of perceived lack of accommodation, self-esteem and academic performance. The study recommended that the state government and University managers should increase allocation of funds to provide for more hostel accommodation to facilitate learning in the school.
Keywords: Academic Performance, Perceived lack of Accommodation, Self-Esteem, Undergraduates and University
CORRUPTION AND SERVICE DELIVERY IN HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
GIDEON, VICTOR OLORUNFEMI Ph.D & AGABA, ADAH EKOJA
Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER)
Globally, corruption has been identified as one of the major problems that have negative consequences on the socio-economic development of many nations. In Nigeria, corruption is visible in all sectors of the economy, higher education inclusive. This study examined the effects of corruption on effective service delivery in higher education to the citizenry. Corruption has negatively affected the ability of government to provide essential services in education, health, water, electricity and other infrastructural facilities. Observation and in-depth interview were used for data collection, which were analyzed qualitatively. The findings from the study showed that corruption in higher education is a major impediment to effective service delivery in Nigeria. The paper posited that due to the privileged position of the stakeholders in higher education to public resources and information, many of them abuse these privileges to the detriments of the citizens. The study recommended the spirit of contentment, good leadership, adequate funding, provision of employment and establishment of anti-corruption institutions in higher education institutions in Nigeria.
Keywords: Corruption, Higher education, Service delivery, Nigeria.
INFLUENCE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF JALINGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, TARABA STATE
1AKWAYAMAI PHILIP JOHN, 2MELAIYE .O. RUFUS, 3AISHATU YAHAYA, 4 KABIRU, M. S 5 UMAR SAIDU.
1,3,4,5 Peacock College Education Jalingo, P.M.B. 2, Along FMC Way, Jalingo. Taraba State, Nigeria. 2 faculty of education department of science Education Taraba State University Jalingo.
The study determined the availability of instructional materials for the teaching and learning of agricultural science, utilization of the instructional material by the teachers and Determine whether the teachers‟ improvise instructional materials in teaching and learning of agricultural science in senior secondary schools in Jalingo. This study made use of Survey Research Design. Thirty (34) Government secondary schools were used. It had the population of 76 agricultural science teachers. 76 agricultural science teachers were used because the focus was only on the agricultural science teachers. The instrument used for collection of data was a questionnaire designed by the researcher for the teachers of agricultural science. The instrument used in this study was vetted by the supervisors and experts in the field of measurement and evaluation in the Faculty of Education to determine the face and content validity of the instrument. The analysis produced the following findings that Agricultural Science teachers in the study area are using instructional materials like upright related school books, pictures, models, drawings, specimens, diagrams in the teaching and learning of agricultural science to influence the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Jalingo Local Government Area. Also the teachers in the study area do improvise instructional materials that encourage the use of instructional materials to effectively communicate promote and acquire longer retention of knowledge in the study area, that teachers improvise instructional materials and improvisation of instructional materials have positive impact on students’ academic performance. Recommendations were made in line with the findings, which include, School Management should endeavor to make provision for instructional materials that will enhance teaching and learning in their schools, Government should increase the budgetary allocation to schools so as to enhance their running cost and to enable them to establish school farms that will help in the practical application of Agricultural Science knowledge. And Teacher’s should not only rely on government to provide the instructional material but let them improvise from the materials they have at hand in other to enhance the academic performance of student in Jalingo. Teaching of agricultural science will not be completed if the instructional materials needed to facilitate learning are not sourced for, and properly utilized for each agricultural science topic designed to be taught and construct others using available local materials.
Keywords: instructional materials, teaching, learning, agricultural science and secondary schools.
SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
HADIZA BABA IBRAHIM & ISMAILA ABUBAKAR
Department of Business Management Education, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola, Nigeria
This study is aimed at expanding the base of knowledge and empirically measure the relationship between the dimensions of social media usage and academic performance of students in higher education institutions in Nigeria. The study adopted the quantitative research approach to explore the impact. Primary data was collected through questionnaires from 342 students in three higher education institutions in Adamawa state, Nigeria. The sample consists of both male and female students. The regression and correlation statistical analysis were used. Results of the study indicate that all the variables of social media have significant positive influence on students’ academic performance. Thus, we conclude that social media usage has significant influence on students’ academic performance. This means that if used smartly and judiciously social media can have positive eﬀect on academic performance of students, while if used carelessly and without awareness, it can aﬀect students’ overall academic performance negatively, thus endangering their future.
Keywords: Social Media, Academic Performance, Higher Education Institutions, Nigeria
AUTONOMY AND ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: THE THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE
OLUCHI NWODIM , J.,
Liberal Studies Department, School of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Kaura Namoda, Zamfara State.
The concept of learner autonomy has been promoted in the context of language education in the past twenty years. It has become influential as a goal in many parts of the world but Nigeria is yet to experience its effect. Nigeria is an ex – British Colony with long traditions and ties to English. The language is taught in primary, secondary and tertiary institutions as a compulsory subject. This article discusses the Nigerian educational context and reforms. It will discuss the status of English language in the country and explains the definitions of autonomy, its implication and problems and discusses as well constructivist theory of learner autonomy which is part of a recent educational reform. The political perspective that emphasizes empowerment or emancipation of learners – by giving them the control over the content and process of their learning will be discussed. The article will suggest some measures for quality learner emancipation.
Keywords: Learner-autonomy, English, Education, Nigeria
INFLUENCE OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EXPERIENCE ON PUPILS SOCIAL SKILLS ACQUISITION IN KATSINA STATE.
HASSAN MOHAMMAD TAOFIK
Federal College of Education Katsina, Katsina State
The study was designed to examine “The influence of pre-primary school experience on pupils’ social skills acquisition in Katsina state” It considered a research questions hypotheses which bordered on the difference in the social skills performance of preschool children who are exposed to early childhood education compare to the children who are not exposed to early childhood education. Three hundred and eighty-one (381) primary one pupil from the ten (10) local government areas of the state. In dependent t-test sample statistics was used. The result revealed significant difference in the social skill performance of primary school pupils between those that participated in early childhood education and those that are not exposed to early childhood education. The null hypothesis which stated that there is no significant difference in the social skills performance of pupils taught in the early childhood education and those that are not is rejected.
Keyword: Influence, Pre-Primary School, Experience, Pupils, Social Skills Acquisition.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING IN NIGERIAN POLYTECHNICS: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS
HAFSAT USMAN KASIM
Dapartment of Languages, School Of Lihnal Studies, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Kaduna State
This paper looks at the close relationship between English language and education. It examines the problems and prospects of English language teaching in Nigerian polytechnics. Our educational system will continue to suffer serious setbacks as long as our students are not able to develop filly their linguistic and communicative competence.
Keywords: English Language, Teaching, Nigerian, Challenges, Prospects