African Scholar Journal of Education Research and Library Practice Vol. 29 No. 8


AFRICAN SCHOLAR JOURNAL OF EDUCATION RESEARCH AND LIBRARY PRACTICE (AJERLP)

VOL. 29 NO. 8 JUNE, 2023.

 


Publisher:

African Scholar Publications and Research International,

Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

africanscholarpublications@gmail.com


 

Perceived Usefulness and Ease-of-Use of Pre-Service Teachers towards the Integration of Social Media for Education in Universities in Niger State

 

*Adebayo, Olalekan Rahman; **Ibrahim, Nuhu Saidu; ***Adamolekun, Iseoluwa Damilola; & ****Adeleke, Ahmed Adegoke

*Department of Counselling Psychology and Educational Foundation,

Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Ogun State. **Department of Education, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. ***Counselling Unit, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. ****Department of Psychology, Sikiru Adetona College of Education, Science and Technology.

 

Abstract

This study investigated perceived usefulness and ease-of-use of pre-service teachers towards the integration of social media for education in universities in Niger state. The study adopted the survey approach of descriptive research design. The population for the study was 5321 Education students from the two universities in Niger State. Research Advisor was used to obtain 357 and purposive sampling technique was used to select the respondents. The research instrument for this study was a 20 item questionnaire titled ‘pre-service teachers’ perception towards effective integration of social media for education in universities in Niger State Questionnaire’ (PPSMQ) designed by the researcher and restructured by two experts in the field of Counselling Psychology and Educational Technology. The instrument was trial tested on 20 pre-service teachers and its reliability yielded 0.85 and 0.83 respectively using Cronbach Alpha statistical tool. From the findings, pre-service teachers’ perception towards the usefulness and ease-of-use of social media for education proved positive. In addition, there was no significant difference between male and female pre-service teachers’ perceived usefulness and ease-of-use of social media for education in Niger State. Among other recommendations made was that: Government and policy makers in education should endeavour to introduce the use of social media into teacher education curriculum in the universities with support on procurement and a workable ICT policy.

Keywords: Ease-of-use, Pre-service Teachers, Social media, Usefulness

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Effect of Problem Solving Strategy on Students’ Interest, Achievement and Retention in Genetics in Doma, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

 

Oka, Usman Apawu; and Samuel, Iwanger Ruth

Department of Science, Technology and Mathematics Education, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University

 

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of problem solving strategy on senior secondary school students’ interest, achievement and retention in Genetics in Doma, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Six research questions guided the study and six hypotheses was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design with non-equivalent control group. The sample for the study comprised all Senior Secondary III Biology students in Doma, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling will be used to select four schools in Doma, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Two instruments namely; Genetics Achievement Test (GAT) and Genetics Interest Rating Scale (GIRS) were used for data collection. The data collected from the trial testing of the instruments was used to calculate the instruments’ reliability coefficient using Kuder – Richardson (K – R20) and Cronbach Alpha coefficient methods respectively. Consequent to this, the Kuder – Richardson reliability coefficient obtained for Genetics Achievement Test scores was 0.96; while Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficient obtained for Genetics Interest Rating Scale scores was 0.80. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviations was used to answer the research questions and Analysis of Co-variance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of this study revealed the following; There was a significant difference in the mean interest ratings of students taught Genetics using Problem Solving Strategy and the conventional method (F = 67.428; p = 0.000 < α = 0.05). There was a significant difference in the mean achievement scores of students taught Genetics using Problem Solving Strategy and the conventional method (F = 12.079; p = 0.001 < α = 0.05). There was no significant difference in the mean retention scores of students taught Genetics using Problem Solving Strategy and the conventional method (F = 2.155; p = 0.145 > α = 0.05). Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that; Adoption of problem solving strategy by the biology teachers would go a long way in improving students’ interest, achievement and retention in genetics.

Keywords: Achievement, Genetics, Interest, Retention and Problem Solving Strategy

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Evaluation of Information and Communication Technology Usage in Counselling Services in Borno and Yobe States, Nigeria

 

Umaru Abdullahi (Ph. D)

Department of Education, Yobe State University, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

The study evaluated information and communication technology usage in counselling services in Borno and Yobe states, Nigeria. The objectives of the study are to find out what is the frequency of ICT usage during counselling by counsellors and what is the level of application of ICT in counselling by counsellors. The study adopted an exploratory descriptive research design. The population of the study comprised counsellors in Borno and Yobe States. Sample of one hundred counsellors were randomly selected from the two states for the study. instrument –Counsellors Questionnaire on ICT Usage in Counselling (CQIUC) was developed by the researchers. The questionnaire had three response key of “Always,” “Sometimes” and “Never. The questionnaire has Cronbach alpha reliability of .937. The researchers met with all the sampled counsellors in all the schools and administered the instrument. Simple percentage and ANOVA was used to analyse the data. The results revealed that there is generally low usage of ICT by Borno and Yobe States counsellors in counselling services. Only 56% responded that they always use computer to counsel the clients/ students. Although 65% claimed to sometimes use computer to record information and distribute to students, 98% never used educational games in counselling and there is low level of application of ICT in counselling services by Borno and Yobe States counsellors. The study concludes that there is generally low use of ICT by counsellors and low level of application of ICT in counselling services by counsellors in Borno and Yobe States.  Based on the findings it was recommended that Borno and Yobe states Ministry of Education should make provision of ICT facilities to counsellors and the counsellors should acquire skills on how to use ICT in counselling.

Keywords: Evaluation, Information and Communication Technology, Usage and Counselling Services

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Relationship between Emotional Intelligence of Principals and Conflict Management in Secondary Schools in Niger State, Nigeria

 

*Agbudu, Genesis Onah; & **Felix Emeka Iyala (PhD)

*Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education, Veritas University, Abuja. **Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Veritas University, Abuja

 

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between emotional intelligence of principals and conflict management in secondary schools in Niger State, Nigeria. The study adopted the correlational survey research design. The population of the study consisted of 3895 staff. The sample size of the study constituted 520 respondents. Two instruments were used for data collection. Pearson’s product moment correlation was used for data analysis. The findings of the study showed that there was a low positive significant relationship between principals’ self-awareness and conflict management in secondary schools in Niger State and there was a low positive significant relationship between principals’ social awareness and conflict management in secondary schools in Niger State. The study recommended that the Niger State Ministry of Education should organise regular training for principals to boost the self-awareness component of their emotional intelligence to help them become effective conflict managers of their various secondary schools in the state.

Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Self-awareness, Social Awareness, Conflict and Management

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Role of the Family in Students’ Awareness of National Security in Secondary Schools in Port Harcourt Metropolis

 

Maclean, Onisoya PhD; & Ogonda, Melchizedek Patricia

Department of Educational Foundations, Rivers State University, PMB 5080, Port Harcourt, Rivers State

 

Abstract

This study investigated the role of the family in students’ awareness of national security in secondary schools in the Port Harcourt Metropolis. Three objectives, research questions, and hypotheses were formulated and guided the study. The study was anchored on social learning theory. The study’s research design was a survey research design. The study’s population was 25,022 students drawn from 34 senior secondary schools in Port Harcourt Metropolis. The sample size of 377 students was selected using simple random sampling techniques. Family Role in Students’ Awareness of National Security Questionnaire was used to collect the required data for the study. The instrument was validated and tested for reliability, with a reliability index of 0.82 determined through the split-half method. The mean score and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while the independent t-test was used to test the hypotheses at the 0.05 level of significance. Findings from this study showed, among others, that there was no significant difference in the perceptions of male and female students regarding how national security issues related to their family dynamics. The study concluded that there is a need for more education and awareness campaigns on national security issues among students and parents. The study recommended, among others, that families in the Port Harcourt Metropolis should incorporate national security issues into their daily conversations and activities to further enhance positive perceptions among students.

Keywords: Family, Awareness, National Security, Interaction, Metropolis.

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Translation of the English Written Newspapers to the Yoruba Language by Radio Newscasters in Oyo State

 

Agboola, Elizabeth Abiade

Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.

 

Abstract

The study of translation is a well-established field of scholarly activity. The discipline has taken its position in academia as a subject of serious research and study. Although translation has been practised and discussed for millennia, but Yoruba translation of newspapers’ headlines by radio news casters has not enjoyed scholastic research. Therefore, this research work centers on the translation of the English written newspapers to the Yoruba language by radio newscasters in Oyo State. Data are collected in the months of July and August, 2022 from The Punch, Nigerian Tribune and The Guardian Newspapers; the three commonly used newspapers by the selected Radio Stations. Three Radio Stations in Oyo State; Splash F. M. 105.5, Parrot F. M. 101.1 and Fresh F. M. 105.9 are purposely selected because of the time news are cast in order to avoid too much time overlapping. The theoretical frame work for this research is Nida’s functional translation theory and The Communicative Approach. The result of the study shows that, the use of figurative expressions, proverbs and insertion is common to Yoruba news casters or translators. Also, there are omissions, misinterpretation, inadequacy and lack of accuracy in the interpretations of some texts.

Keywords: Translation, English Written Newspapers, Yoruba Language, Radio Newscasters, Oyo State.

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Analysis of the Barriers to Effective Curriculum Implementation

 

*Francis Ephraime Rikichi (PhD); **Yohanna Ibrahim; & ***Abbas John Sherry

*Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan Waya. **Department Psychology, Kaduna State College Of Education, Gidan Waya. ***Department Of English, Kaduna State College Of Education, Gidan Waya.

 

Abstract

The Administration of Public and Private Schools in Nigeria has reported the problem of lack of curriculum fidelity to a new phonics programme, which created a need to identify barriers preventing full curriculum implementation. Teacher are the implementers of the curriculum for the students progress and growth. Understanding the barriers to complete implementation of a new curriculum could provide education administrators with tools to address teacher concerns and could provide vital training for successful implementation of the curriculum. Using the concerns based adoption model (CBAM) as a conceptual framework. This study focus on the concept of curriculum implementation, curriculum alignment, teachers roles, curriculum fidelity, teachers concerns, administrative and professional support, administrative influence and teachers professional development. Finally, the researcher drew a conclusion and recommendations were made for the study.

Keywords: Curriculum, Fidelity, Phonics, Professional development, Curriculum changes

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