African Scholar Journal of Arts and Sociological Research Vol. 25 No. 6


AFRICAN SCHOLAR JOURNAL OF ARTS AND SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH (AJASR)

VOL. 25 NO. 6 JUNE, 2022 ISSN: 2910-2080

 


 

Published by:

African Scholar Publications and Research International,

Centre for African Studies,

University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office,

Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.

Email: africanscholarpublications@gmail.com

 

Copyright © 2022 African Scholar Publications and Research International.



 

Perception of Journalists on National Broadcasting Commission Code of Ethics Compliance among Broadcast Media Organizations in Kwara and Osun States, Nigeria

 

Ekeh, Charles M., & Adekunle, Sikiru Y.

Department of Mass Communication, Adeleke University, Ede, Osun State

 

 

Abstract

Broadcast media journalists have been accused of unprofessional and unethical behaviour in a number of situations over the course of carrying out their functions in recent times. This study therefore examined the level of compliance to the National broadcasting Commission’s (NBC) Code of Ethics among broadcast stations in Kwara and Osun states, Nigeria. Using the descriptive survey research design, 196 broadcast media journalists registered with the Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ) in Kwara and Osun states were surveyed purposively. Findings revealed a high level of compliance to NBC Code of Ethics, and that awareness significantly influenced compliance (F(2,193)= 70.081, Adj.R2=0.210, P<0.05) to NBC Code of Ethics among broadcast media journalists in the states. It was concluded that broadcast media journalists in Kwara and Osun comply with NBC codes especially on the basis that no broadcast organization in the states has been sanctioned by NBC in recent years. It was recommended that NBC should continually create awareness on compliance to broadcast code of ethics among journalists in Nigeria as whole.

Keywords: Broadcast media, National Broadcast Commission, Code of Ethics, Compliance, and Broadcast media journalists.

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Corporate Social Responsibility, Engagement Strategies and Stakeholders’ Responsiveness of Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) companies:  A Review of Literature

 

Johnson Babbafemi Akintayo, PhD & Olukemi Omosalewa Oluwagbami

Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Stakeholders’ engagement an integral concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is important in the management of an organization. Stakeholders engagement is premised on the notion that those groups who can affect or are affected by the achievements of an organization’s purpose should be given opportunity to make input in the development of decisions that affect them. Steady and effective engagement will help translate stakeholders needs into organization’s goal. Quality stakeholder engagement will generate creative solutions to address stakeholders’ concerns, increases responsiveness, and transparency. When FMCG companies in Nigeria strategized rightly in their choices of engagement strategies it will result in high level of stakeholders’ responsiveness in terms of participation and contribution to the development of CSR objectives.

Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Engagement Strategies, Stakeholders’ Engagement, Stakeholders’ Responsiveness, Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) companies

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Appraisal of Personnel Management Practice (A Case Study of Nigeria Television Authority, Benin City)

 

*Anthony Emhenya Iyoha, Ph.D; & **Mr Ewemie Benedict

*Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Edo State University Uzairue, Edo State, Nigeria. **Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, SGeneral Studies, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi

 

Abstract

This study attempts to examine the nature of personnel management practice in NTA, Benin and how it is perceived to affect staff welfare and efficiency. The study population consists of 258 employees stratified into top management, senior management, middle management and junior management staff. Simple random sampling was used to select a sample size of seventy (70) across the various strata. The instrument of data collection was a set of structured questionnaire. Responses were analyzed by means of simple percentage computation. The finding suggests that existing personnel management practice improves staff efficiency. The study recommends among other things, that there is need to put more emphasis on non-salary aspect of welfare management in the organization. 

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Mangena’s Emotional Defence of Ethno-Philosophy: A Critical Response

 

Ikechukwu Anthony Kanu

Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University, Umunya

 

Abstract

In a paper which the researcher published in 2013 with the title “Trends in African Philosophy: A Case for Eclectism” in “Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religion”, the researcher adopted the Igwebuike approach which explores methods and principles for the mediation, coalescing and comprehension of the different units of reality: universal and particular, ideal and real, progressive and conservative, and in this case, the universalist and particularist trends of African philosophy. However, in the same journal of the edition of January-June 2014, Fainos Mangena wrote a work he titled: “In defence of ethno-philosophy: A brief response to Kanu’s electism” as a reaction to the researcher’s article of 2013. Seven years after, the researcher has decided to write a response to the reaction of Fainos Mangena arguing that the future of an African philosophy that we can all be proud of cannot be found within the parameters of narrow-mindedness. The researcher, therefore, insisted on the need to expand the parameters of the narrowness of ethno-philosophy. It is through this expansion that the researcher believes that the African people can arrive at a philosophy that will not only compete with philosophies all over the world but one that the African scholar can be proud of. This does not in any way intend to undermine African philosophy but rather points to a process of growth for every field of human endeavour.

Keywords: Ethno-Philosophy, Universalistic, Particularistic, Eclectism, African Philosophy

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Selective Justice, the International Criminal Court and Non State Parties.

 

Olaniyi Iyanuoluwa Folashade; & Eyitayo F. Adewumi, Ph.D.

Babcock University (Political Science and Public Administration)

 

Abstract

The right to seek justice is a fundamental element of the rule of law. People are unable to have their voices heard, exercise their rights, fight prejudice, or hold decision-makers responsible without access to justice. Therefore justice should be delivered in a fair and non-discriminatory manner. The need for justice was the reason behind the creation of the international criminal court. The objectives behind the creation of an international criminal court is to try individuals accountable for the most serious crimes like genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, to achieve justice for all, to end impunity, to end conflict and to help avoid similar crimes in the future. This article therefore addresses the international criminal courts jurisdiction on non-state parties. A qualitative research method using the case study research design in order to gain a comprehensive and multi-faceted understanding of the study. Also secondary sources like books, policy documents, reviews, laws and conventions were used in assessing the literature for this study. In this article, the international criminal courts objectives were broadly explained and the courts view on the jurisdiction of non- state parties was backed up by articles in the Rome Statute. This article includes the jurisdiction of the international criminal court, the structure of the ICC, the Legal basis of ICC on non-state parties. This study concludes and recommends that the international criminal court should have some access to investigate and prosecute persons within the jurisdiction of non-state parties.

Keywords: non- state parties, ICC, jurisdiction, Rome statute

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The African Roots of Marijuana.2019. Chris, S. Duvall. Duke University Press: Review

 

Keke, Reginald Chikere, PhD

History, Diplomacy and International Studies, Admiralty University of Nigeria, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria.

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Electoral Act, 2022: A Vehicle for Effective Leadership Recruitment in Nigeria

 

Omadachi Oklobia; & Dance, Ayuba Maikasuwa

Department of Public Administration, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Leadership as a vehicle for driving Nigeria to the part of greatness has been identified as one of the prime factors affecting leadership recruitment in Nigeria.  This study examines the Electoral Act, 2022 as a vehicle for effective leadership recruitment in Nigeria.  The study reviews the critical Sections of the Electoral Act, 2022 as a vehicle to drive the success of transparent and democratic recruitment of leaders in Nigeria in the 2023 General Elections.  Using data generated through secondary sources and subjected to descriptive analysis, the study explores the various meaning of Electoral Act, leadership and recruitment, factors that affect it and benefits associated with the effective leadership recruitment, the study finds out that situations usually determine the leadership style that may be applied to propel higher levels of transparent recruitment process in Nigeria electoral process is lacking. The study also revealed the issue of electronic accreditation of voters, electronic transmission of votes, establishment of electoral offences commission, resignation of political appointees’ before participating as delegates in either primaries’ or contest election, the limit of election expenses by political parties, death of a candidate before the official announcement of final result by the returning officer and a lots of other provisions that shall bring about credible, acceptable,  transparent outcome of election result.  However, this is not surprising considering the fact that recruitments of leadership in Nigeria are microcosms of the umbrella Nigeria society in which poor political leadership has denied the nation from transformational, prosperous and buoyant Nigeria.  On the bases of the findings, the study recommended that electorates should only votes leaders who are transformational incline than those who are transactional, Political parties to screen their aspirants thoroughly before making them candidates, the provisions of the 2022 electoral Act should diligently adhere to and that any politician or their follower that flout the provision of the Act be severely punish according to the provision of the Act.  The study, thus, conclude that unless there is effective, transparent and focused political leadership and virile followership at all levels, the vision of improved electoral process of transformation of  leadership nationwide will remain a mirage.

Keywords: Electoral Act, leader, leadership, recruitment 

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The Shura As One Of The Methods Of Becoming The Leader Under Islamic Law And Weather The Concept Of Western Democracy Resambles It: A Case Study Of Nigeria

 

Aminu Alhaji Hamza Esq; Mohammad Bashir Mohammad Esq; & Adam Idris Esq

School of Legal Studies, A.D. Rufa’i College for Education, Legal & General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

This Paper is simple and brief case study of the Good leadership, Concept of Shura, aimed at analyzing the Concept of good leadership in Islamic perspective and to evaluate the concept of western democracy whether it is inconformity with the Concept of Shura or otherwise, with the view of proffering or making some of observations/recommendations to it. Since the determinant factor of the development of every country defend largely on the quality of the good leadership of the said country.

Keywords: Leadership, Concept of Shura, democracy in Islam, Different Between Shura and Western types of Democracy, Observations/Recommendations.

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Pigoons and Objectification of Nature in Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake

 

Bello Usman; & Ali Mohammed Also

Department of General Studies, the Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu

 

Abstract

This essay aims to examine how corporate greed in association with scientific research has commodified nature. New life forms were bioengineered for the sake of catering to the whims and caprices of man which is human being’s quest for longevity and immortality. It is significant to examine how nature has been objectified in Oryx and Crake because it had negatively affected the relationship between man and nature and thus, the balance in the planet’s ecosystem has been upset. The concept eco grotesque will be used to analyse the novel. Previous studies of Oryx and Crake did not highlight the eco grotesque mode in this important work. This study will aim to fill this gap in the huge body of knowledge on her fiction. Oryx and Crake shows what could happen if man is allowed to behave as if he is the only species on the planet. For harmony to be maintained there must be ethical guidelines for man’s scientific search for a post human existence. Man’s excessive corporate greed led to the bioengineering of new life forms such as the pigoon, children of crake, wolvog and many more. These creatures led to a shift in balance within nature. As a result, there was a major catastrophe on the planet.

Keywords: Bioengineering, ‘children of crake’, Gene splicing, Immortality, Longevity, ‘new life      forms’

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A Historical Analysis of the Mediatory Efforts of United Nations in the Middle East (1947 to C. 2000)

 

Lasisi, Rasheed Adegbemiga (Ph.D)

Department of History, Osun State College of Education, Ila-Orangun

 

Abstract

The Middle East has been a crises-ridden region since the time before 1947. Thus, the purported crises began to unfold between the Israelis and the Palestinian Arabs, essentially borne out of the tendencies of one race/tribe to dominate the other. Hence, the United Nations (UN) began its mediatory mission in the Middle East in about 1947. This paper examined the mediatory efforts of United Nations (UN) in the Middle East (1947 to C.2000) via a historical analysis. Documentary research method was employed. This entailed the use of archival materials, textbooks, journals, and newspapers. The subject is treated by first giving the introduction, followed by explaining the mediatory roles of the United Nations in stages, and concluded in a way of further facilitating the understanding of the subject matter. Recommendations are offered, one of which is the United Nations (UN) must demonstrate sincerity, fairness, and neutrality in carrying out its operations in the Middle East.

Keywords: United Nations, Middle East, Israelis, Palestinian Arabs, Mediatory efforts. 

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Thematic Preoccupation of Débọ̀ Awẹ’s Kọ́pà and Àbọ̀dé Kọ́pà

 

Bámgbóṣé Ọmọ́bónìkẹ́ Bọ́lájí

School of Languages, Osun State College of Education, P.M.B 207, Ila-Orangun.

 

Abstract

The theme is the major or central idea of a literary work. A story gives room for many interpretations. It is the theme that offers insight into human behavior. It is the heart of the story. Agyekum (2007:74) opines that the theme is the pivot to which the creative and artistic imagination of the story is woven and normally it helps the writer to select his characters. Peter and Jack (2005:99) opine that “theme is the central idea or concept conveyed by a literary work. It is important that the theme take everything into account all the different techniques used in telling the story”. The theme connotes the message of the novel or the lesson from the novel. Indeed, it is the message which the novelist wants to put across. There is a central theme which has the overall symbolic meaning in the novel. The theme in the texts is an occurrence in the society which the author calls attention to. The research methodology employed is a purely descriptive one i.e. corpus study and content analysis of the selected novels, involving the collation of data from texts, scholarly works, journals, newspapers and so on.

Keywords: Theme, concept, literary work, novel, message, society.

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Àgbéyẹ̀wò Èrò Yorùbá Àti Ìmọ̀ Ìjìnlẹ̀ Ifá Nípa Àtubọ̀tán

 

Ọládòkun, K. C; Àti Amósùn Ọláwoyè Ifálékè

*Yorùbá Department (School of Secondary Education Language Programmes), Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo Oyo State. **Department of Linguistics and African Languages, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife

 

Abstract

Ìfáárà

Ọ̀kan pàtàkì nípa ìmọ̀ ìjìnlẹ̀ lórí ẹ̀dá tàbí àwùjọ ni Ifá jẹ́. Onírúurú àlàyé ni àwọn ènìyàn ti sọ nípa Ifá gẹ́gẹ́ bí ọlọ́gbọ́n ayé. Ìwádìí fi hàn pé ìránṣẹ́ Olódùmarè ni Ifá ń ṣe. Bí ó tilẹ̀ jẹ́ pé ojú tí àwọn àwùjọ fi ń wo ìmọ̀ nípa Ifá kò jọ mọ́ ẹ̀kọ́ ìmọ̀ ìjìnlẹ̀ tó ń ran àwùjọ lọ́wọ́ tàbí ní ipa tó ń kó nínú àwùjọ wa. Èrò Ifá nípa ẹ̀yìn ìwà ni iṣẹ́ yìí yóò máa tan ìmọ́lẹ̀ sí, bí ó tilẹ̀ jẹ́ pé ojú méjì bí ìlù dùndún ni ọ̀rọ̀ yìí já sí, a máa wo àtubọ̀tán nípa ìwà rere àti àtubọ̀tán tó wà lẹ́yìn ìwà burúkú. Bákan náà ẹ̀wẹ̀, a máa wo wíwà táa wà láyé yìí, pé ọjà layé. Gbogbo wa la ó padà sílé wa. Ìwádìí fi yé wa pé ìgbà mẹ́ta ló wà fún ẹ̀dá; ìgbà òwúrọ̀, ìgbà ọ̀sán àti ìgbà alẹ́, gbogbo ẹ̀dá ènìyàn sì ni ó máa ń lépa pé kí alẹ́ òun san òun ju òwúrọ̀ lọ. Ó fẹ́rẹ̀ má sí èrò kan nínú ayé yìí tí Ifá kò mẹ́nu bà, ìdí nìyí tí wọ́n ṣe ń pe Ifá ní Ọlọ́gbọ́n ilé ayé. Àgbékalẹ̀ wa nínú iṣẹ́ ìwádìí yìí ni àgbéyẹ̀wò ẹ̀yìn ìwà nínú Ẹṣẹ-Ifá. A fojú lítíréṣọ̀ gẹ́gẹ́ bí aṣàwòta àwùjọ wo Ẹṣẹ-Ifá láti lè wá ojútùú sí ìṣòro ìwà ìbàjẹ́ tó gbilẹ̀ bí ọ̀wàrà òjò ní àwùjọ. Kò di ìgb̀a tí a bá ń lépa ọ̀nà àbáyọ sí ìṣòro kan, a gbọ́dọ̀ mọ oríṣun àwọn ìṣòro náà ká tó lè wá ọ̀nà àbáyọ sí i. Ìdí nìyí tí a fi wo ohun tí Ifá sọ nípa ẹ̀yìn ìwà gẹ́gẹ́ bí ọ̀nà láti dẹ́kun ìwà ìbàjẹ́ tó gogò láwùjọ. Ohun tí a ní lọ́kàn ni pé ó di ìgbà a bá fi ojú lítíréṣọ̀ wo àwọn ìtàn ìwé mímọ́ fún àwọn ẹlẹ́sìn yìí kí a tó le mọ̀ dáadáa pé wọ́n ṣe àwòta àwùjọ. Ìkìlọ̀ ìwà kò wá mọ nínú ẹ̀sìn òkèrè nìkan, ó pọ̀ yanturu nínú ẹ̀sìn ìbílẹ̀ Yorùbá náà, nítori pé kò sí ibi tí a kì í ti dáná alẹ́, ọbẹ̀ ni yóò dùn ju ara wọn lọ. Fún ìdí èyí, a mú àgbékalẹ̀ ẹ̀yìn ìwà nínú Ẹṣẹ-Ifá fún àtúpalẹ̀ ìwà ìbàjẹ́ láwùjọ kí á lè mọ̀ pé àyàfi tí a bá sọ nǹkan di ayédèrú; àwọn ohun mímọ́ kún inú ẹ̀ṣìn ìbílẹ̀ Yorùbá. Láti lè ṣe àtúpalẹ̀ tó yè kooro, a ṣe àkójọ dátà nínú ìwé àpilẹ̀kọ lóri Ifá. A tún ṣàmúlò ìfọ̀rọ̀wánilẹ́nuwò lọ́wọ̀ àwọn abẹ́nà ìmọ̀ wa tó jẹ́ babaláwo láti lè rí dátà nípa Ifá gbà. A ṣàmúlò àwọn ìwé àpilẹ̀kọ, jọ́nà, ìwé àtìgbàdégbà àti ẹ̀rọ ayélujára náà láti ṣe àkójọ àwọn ohun tó jẹ mọ́ kókó-ọ̀rọ̀ nínú iṣẹ́ ìwádìí yìí. A wá gbé gbogbo rẹ̀ lérí òsùnwọ̀n tíọ́rì àbùdá oní́bejì láti jẹ́ kí iṣẹ́ náà kún ojú òṣùnwọ̀n

Kókó-ọ̀rọ̀ .Ifá,Ìwà, ìwòye ifá nípa ẹ̀yìn ìwà,ìwà rere,ìwà búburú

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Play and Oral Composition Skills among Preschoolers in Public Preschools in Teaching – Learning Process in 21st Century. 

 

Dr. Esther Chinedu Wordu (PhD); Mrs. Angela Obiageli Ella; & Chukwunedum Joseph Ikenyiri

Department Of Early Childhood Care And Primary Education, Federal College Of Education (Technical), Omoku, Rivers State.

 

Abstract

Composition among preschoolers stem from the oral. Play and learning are natural components of children’s daily activities. This paper therefore, seeks to ascertain the relationship between play and oral composition skills among preschoolers in public preschools in teaching – learning process in 21st century. One research question and one corresponding hypothesis guided this study. The design of the study is correlational research design. The population of the study comprises all the 3,489 Nursery three pupils in public schools in Rivers East Senatorial District. The sample of the study consisted of 350 Nursery three children drawn from the population of the study, using simple random sampling method. The instrument used for the study was the “Play and Preschoolers” Oral Composition Skills Development Checklist” (PPOCSDC). It was face validated by three experts. Pearson Product Moment Coefficient (PPMC) was used to compute the reliability of the instrument, which had a reliability index of 0.68. The finding of the study showed that preschoolers’ ability to engage in oral composition of stories is significantly related to play. It was recommended that caregivers and school authorities should encourage play to develop preschoolers’ ability to engage in oral composition of stories. This will make the preschool children to use their imaginations for oral composition in order to promote creativity in future generations.

Keywords: oral composition, play, skills, preschoolers.

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Nollywood Films and Bastadazation of African Image

 

*Belinda Anyanwu; & **Njoku Angelina Chigozie

*Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic, Nekede, Imo State **Department of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic, Nekede. Owerri, Imo State.

 

Abstract

The study examined the emergence of Nollywood Film in Nigeria and the bastardization of African image and culture especially in the eyes of foreign viewers. The study X-rayed the concepts of films and its origination. Its also mentioned different kinds of films ranging from documentary films, feature or fiction films, experimental, robotic, musical and animated or cartoon films which are depicted through drawings of animals and human forms. Cultural implications attracted focus as it is demonstrated in the acted Nollywood Films. The study is anchored on cultural Norms theory which expresses that the Mass Media often selectively presents and emphasizes certain contemporary ideas or values. That the media influences norms by reinforcing or changing them. The methodology adopted for the study is the survey method of research and the data collection method was the product of secondary data. The study however, concluded that the Nollywood Film industry have not fully reflected a true picture of African image. Based on the above, the study recommends that the film industry and the regulatory film board should ensure effective scrutiny in production of films to reduce high level of fictitious presentation and guide  against extreme exaggeration in the acted films since the films audience extends to non-Nigerians and non-Africans. The film producers should understand the Nigerian cultural norms and values and thus project appropriate image for audience consumption.

Keywords: Culture, Films, Mass media, Nollywood, Foreign viewers

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Rural and Urban Marketing Challenges and their Impact on Nigerian Economy

 

Abdullahi, Ibrahim & Ogundeji, Sunday Tolulope

Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic, Bida Niger State

 

Abstract

This research work is undertaken primarily to explore the Rural and Urban Marketing Challenges and their Impact on Nigerian Economy. Rural marketing in Nigeria is often perceived as depicting agricultural marketing and nothing more. The methodology used for this work is exploratory, personal interviews and questionnaires were used to collect the data that were analyzed using pie charts and degree. All the formulated hypotheses were tested. Hypothesis one, states that prices and monetary exchange ratios do not have significant influence on products of rural and urban markets. Having tested this hypothesis, it was proved that price and monetary exchange ratios have significant influence on products of rural and urban markets. A major finding showed that infrastructural facilities such as bad road network, poor electricity and lack of mechanized agricultural utensils have significant impact on prize of goods and services in Rural and Urban markets in the study area. It was concluded among others that price inflation affects the marketing of goods in the markets to a great extent. The writers recommended that Government should invest in the local production of goods in the rural areas to make available sufficient goods in urban markets at more affordable prices.

Keywords: Rural; Urban; Marketing; Challenges; Impact; Nigeria; Economy

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Confrontations in Nigeria-South Africa Relations (1994-2015)

 

Deborah Ebunoluwa Oluwadara

Department of History & International Studies, Babcock University, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

Nigeria and South Africa are part of Africa’s most significant countries, which have in time past enjoyed cordial-bilateral relations. In recent years however, their relations have been characterized with intense power struggle, several diplomatic rows and incessant xenophobic attacks. Perhaps the most notable diplomatic row was the Yellow Fever Card Feud of 2012 in which a total of 256 Nigerians and South Africans were expelled from South Africa and Nigeria respectively. However, studies on Nigeria-South Africa relations have mostly tended to highlight positive aspects of the relationship. This study therefore focused on their relations of confrontation. Using a qualitative approach and the historical descriptive method, the study found that the confrontations in their relations largely stem from their inherent power struggle, intense competition for the position of a regional hegemon and their competition for a permanent seat at the United States Security Council. The AU Chairmanship rivalry in 2012, the Yellow Fever Card Deportation and xenophobic attacks are some of the indicators of the stony relations between them. The study concluded that the competition between Nigeria and South Africa for regional hegemony in Africa connotes that they are powers of equal status and as such co-operation and not competition should be their goal. It was also concluded that if the power struggle, diplomatic rows and xenophobic attacks continue unabated, there may be a worsening of the relations between Nigeria and South Africa. The co-operation of Africa’s two largest economies is definitely crucial to its growth and development. Therefore, the research recommended that concerted efforts be made by both countries to ensure relations of co-operation and accommodation between both governments and their citizens.

Keywords: Bi-lateral Relations, Confrontation, Co-operation, Hegemony.

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Language Variation in Relation to Gender as A Social Factor

 

Adekemi Boboye Taiwo; & Naziri Ahmed

Department of Languages, School of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra

 

Abstract

This research is designed to examine language variation in relation to gender as a social factor, the thrust of this study is a sociolinguistic analysis of gender on language use. The research through its data that encompasses various languages has proved beyond every doubt the existence of gender variation in language use.

Keywords: Social Factor, Gender,  Relation, Social, Language Variation.

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Evaluation of Teaching Effectiveness of Academic Staff of Technical Colleges in Kaduna State Nigeria

 

*Dr. Ali, Awalu Maliki; **Kagarko Sarah; & ***Anna Dogara Gimba3

*Department of Technical Education, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Kaduna State College Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan. **Department of Home Economics, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan. ***Department of Business Education, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan

 

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the teaching effectiveness, of academic staff of technical colleges in Kaduna state. Two thousand from 4000 final year students in six departments from five selected technical colleges in Kaduna of Nigeria stratified and randomly selected for the study. A questionnaire called evaluation of teaching effectiveness of academic staff of technical colleges (ETEAS) was the instruments used for data collection. Statistical tools such as mean scores, standard deviation, t-test and correlation coefficient were used for the data collection. The findings indicate that the students (respondents) rated the teaching effectiveness of the academic staff high, especially in terms of professional competence, but rated their supervision low. The students (respondents) felt that the teachers do not have enough time for students and do not prepare their teaching well. Recommendations made include regular seminar and workshops for academic staff to improve their communication skills for effective course delivery, encourage teachers to make out more time and increase access to students.

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