Nightingale International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (NIJHSS)
Vol 8 (4) June, 2019 ISSN 2395-1789
NIGHTINGALE PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Ministry of Education, Abuja,
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Copyright © 2019 Nightingale Publications and Research International
CNN AND ALJAZEERA FRAMING OF THE BOKO HARAM CONFLICTS IN NIGERIA (JANUARY – DECEMBER, 2014)
ABDULLAHI MOHAMMED JIBRIN & IBRAHIM JIMOH
The study examines the framing of the Boko Haram conflict by Cable News Network (CNN) and Aljazeera with the aim of comparing the level of coverage and how they framed the conflict. Using the framing theory, a content analysis of the headlines of CNN and Aljazeera on the conflicts within 2014 period was carried out.It was found amongst others that there were more war frames in Aljazeera’s coverage of the conflicts than that of CNN, which had more of peace frames. It was therefore concluded that the coverage was more of negative frames than positive.
Wordkeys: Boko Haram,Conflict, CNN, Aljazeera, Framing analysis
DISCOURSE ANALYSIS OF THE LYRICS OF CHRIS BROWN’S FALLEN ANGEL
DEPO POPOOLA, FALOHUN ISRAEL T & ADEWUYI MATTHEW
This paper is a discourse analysis of the lyrics of Chris Brown’s Fallen Angel with a view to explaining the ideological stand of the artiste about Satan. It is also to reveal the religious belief of the artiste about the personality of the devil. Data for the study was drawn from the lyrics of the song. Speech Act Analysis is used as a theory of Discourse analysis to explain the intention of the artiste in composing the song. Illocutionary act, which helps in knowing the intention behind utterances, is employed as a tool of linguistic analysis. Analysis of the data revealed that the artiste has successfully projected his view about the devil in a way to re-construct the popularly held views of Satan being a bad being. Music has also been used in this light to transmit the view point of the artiste. This study concluded that going by the linguistic and discourse strategies used in the song, the artiste can be regarded as a Satanist, as he tried to project the image and worship of the Devil.
Keywords: Discourse analysis, Illocutionary act, lyrics, artiste, Satan
TRENDS IN HISTORIOGRAPHY OF NIGERIA
Dr. LASISI RASHEED ADEGBEMIGA
Department Of History, Osun State College Of Education, Ila-Orangun.
In the distant past, historiography of Nigeria was seen as the exclusive preserve of the alien historians. But from the recent past to the present, historiography of Nigeria has had a different dimension. This paper examined the trends in historiography of Nigeria. Documentary research method was used for collecting data for the write-up. Thus, relevant textbooks, journals and periodicals were used. The paper is introduced by giving clarifications on the concept “historiography” and other associated things. The paper goes further by explaining other sub-topics such as African Islamic historiography of Nigeria, European/colonial historiography of Nigeria, socialist historiography of Nigeria, development of indigenous/modern African historiography of Nigeria and relevance of societal traditions to modern historiography. The paper is concluded based on its findings in a way of further deepening readers’ understanding of the subject matter. The major finding is that historiography takes care of the events of the pre-literate societies via oral and archaeological evidences.
Keywords: Trends, historiography, African, Islamic, European, colonial, socialist, indigenous, modern, societal, traditions, pre-literate oral, and archaeological.
IMPACT OF CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS ON NIGERIAN SOCIO-POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT
SADEEQ LAUNI (PhD) & BALA UMAR
Department of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi-Nigeria
The study critical assessed the impact of civil society organizations on socio political development in Nigeria; a case study of civil liberty organizations. A vibrant civil society is sine qua non to the sustenance of nation’s development. The study adopted secondary and primary methods to data collection of sourced information regarding the subject matter. The data were analyzed based on the opinions of 141 respondents administered questionnaires. The data were presented and analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The researcher found out that civil society organization had impacted significantly on socio-political development of Nigeria. Despite certain factors bedeviling it operational objectives such as political nterference, poor funding, lack of internal democracy, corruption, a disconnection from rural organization etc. The study concluded that the civil society organizations or civil liberty organizations have sacrificed their existence goals and objectives to the course of the fight towards socio-political development of Nigeria. Far reaching recommendations were made in this study as it involves the successes of civil society organizations in a democratic dispensation in Nigeria. All the scholarly opinion adopted in the study were accordingly acknowledge in the references.
Keywords: Impact, civil, society, socio-political, development.
ASSESSING THE PENSION REFORM ACT 2014 IN NIGERIA
*USEN, U. AKPAN **ABDULLAHI MOHAMMED YAMMA and **YAHAYA A. ADADU
*Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, (Niser), Ibadan. **Department of Political Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi.
The article is an appraisal of Pension Reform Act 2014. The contributory pension scheme introduced in 2004 was to ameliorate the suffering experienced by pensioners in the country and to further put to rest the fear hitherto exhibited by the working class. This article briefly examined the problems of the old pension scheme, evaluates the performance of the contributory scheme, challenges, achievements and how the present scheme has adhered to improve the welfare of the pensioners in the country. The article relied on secondary mode of information gathering and it found that before the introduction of the reform pensioners was subjected to hardship due to non-payment of their entitlements. It however suggested, amongst other thing that emphasis should be on.
KEY WORDS: Contributory, Pension, Reform, Scheme.
XENOPHOBIC ATTACKS ON FOREIGN NATIONALS AND ITS IMPACTS ON AFRICAN ECONOMY 2013- 2018
BENJAMIN SHAIBUME, AISHA ALHASSAN & EBOJELE AKHERE PATRICK
Department of Public Administration, Auchi polytechnic Auchi.
This paper examines the impacts of xenophobia on the economic development of African countries 2013-2018. Using the secondary source of data collection, it was discovered that xenophobia is not solely African problem, other western countries have passed through this ugly trend which seemed to have negatively affected their economy. However, Africa currently appears as a poster child of this problem. Traces of these attacks have long existed since 1960s with countries such as Ghana, Nigeria and other African nations raising agitation against foreigners and occasioned by expulsion of millions of migrants backs to their countries on the account that they are taking over jobs and businesses in their own countries as well as committing crimes of different categories. The paper adopted the theory of ethnic violence which ex-rayed the impact of xenophobia as it leads to serious threat to lives and properties, hindrance to business activities on migrants, food insecurity. This has resulted to fear amongst foreigners as well as retard development. It also in turn affects cordial relationship between African states and the Western countries. In view of these, the paper recommends that, concerted efforts should be put in place to prevent the frequent occurrence of xenophobia in the region by the African Union (AU) which is saddled with the mandate of promoting human rights fostering African unity, furthering development and ensuring peace and security in the region. The government of affected states should arrest and prosecute those involved in this crime against foreigners so that it will serve as deterrent to others.
Keywords: Xenophobia, Foreign National, Economy, Migrants, Mass Expulsion.
HIGH PRODUCTIVITY AND STAFF MOTIVATION IN ORGANISATIONS: A STUDY OF MARKET SQUIRE COMPANY BAYELSA STATE
*NIMIZIGHA, AKPOTUNIMIBOFA ALI & **FRANK FUNKEYE SAPELE
*Department of Public Administration, University of Africa, Toru-Orua, Bayelsa State-Nigeria. ** Department of Political Science, University of Africa,Toru-Orua Bayelsa State-Nigeria
This paper investigates the high level of productivity and staff motivation in organisations and a study of market squire company Bayelsa state. High productivity is a consequence of employees’ level of motivation within an organisation. Motivation direct the employee towards achieving high productivity within the organisation and it is said that sufficient increase of incentives to employees will greatly induce them to put more efforts towards achieving high productivity in organization because a motivated staff is more productive than an employee who is not motivated. The theoretical analysis used in this work was human relation theory of motivation and the qualitative approach was employed and it was based on content analysis. The study revealed that motivation of employees in the market squire company play an important role in promoting and increasing high productivity and motivation also helps to improve effective and efficient service delivery between management and staff which draws customers’ attention towards organisational high productivity. It was also showed that motivation has a strong link with high productivity in the market squire company because of its core values of trust, service, integrity, initiative, teamwork, and leadership accountability. The paper recommended that staff needs should be highly considered if there would be high productivity in the organisation and management should frequently interact with staff in identifying their immediate demands towards increasing high job productivity.
Keywords: Motivation, Organisation, High Productivity, Staff, Theory
THE APPLICATION OF FAITH PRINCIPLES TO NEWSPAPER COLUMNS IN NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
*ONIFADE, OLUWAFEMI SUNDAY & **ABATI, MOBOLAJI OLUWASEUN
*Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State. **Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Ilaro, Ogun State.
This paper examines the critical role of religion in the development of a nation. It identifies the delicate position of newspaper columnists in the development of a nation. Using the foundations provided by the Agenda Setting theory, the paper identifies the similarity in values and principles between Christianity and Islam. It argues that the essence of the two Abrahamic faiths is to promote national peace and development. The paper examines the application of faith principles by two faith-based newspaper columnists in two national newspapers Trust and Guardian. The method employed for the study is Critical Discourse Analysis. Findings show that some faith-based columnists allow their ethnic, religious and political sentiments to dictate the narratives employed in their commentaries. It calls on Nigerian columnists to dwell more on the similarities rather than the differences among the various faiths and ethnic groups in Nigeria.
Keywords: Peace, Religion, Critical Discourse Analysis, Development, Columnists.
ASSESSMENT OF ACTIVITIES OF THE MILITARY IN CURBING INSURGENCY IN MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA.
*AISHATU MUSA *SANI MUSTAPHA KURA **ADDA GANA BUKAR
*Department of Social Work, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria **Department of Industrial and Labour Relations, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
In the late 1970s to the present date, there has been a persistent outbreak of ethno-religious violent ttacks across the country. Notable among is the recent Boko Haram insurgency of 2009 to date in Maiduguri and other North Eastern parts of Nigeria. All these crises in military parlance are regarded as internal security and low intensity conflicts (IS-LOC), which is the primary responsibility of the Nigerian Police Force and other para-military forces. As experiences have shown, however, these forces have had difficulties in curtailing and containing these civil disorders and disturbances in the past. Hence, the intervention of military is required to “assist civil power in times of civil disturbances, insecurity and conduct counter-insurgency operations as enshrined in the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. A lot of human and financial resources are geared toward bringing the insurgency to an end, but despite all these human and financial resources invested in curtailing the insecurity, the incident of insurgency is still prevailing, and at alarming rate, most especially going by the recent development such as abduction of several school girls, university lecturers and other related kidnappings and abductions for ransoms. The question that one will asked is: why is the military not succeeding in curtailing the insurgency? It is against this backdrop that this paper intends to analyses the issue and provide possible solution to the menace.
Keywords: Boko Haram, Insurgency, Counter-Insurgency, Military
CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED BY INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS EVIDENCE FROM BAMA CAMP IN DALORI, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
KURAMA MODU & BULAMA MODU MAFA
Department of Public Administration Ramat Polytechnic Maidugur
This research report was carried out with the sole aim of assessing the problems encountered by Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Bama camp in Dalori, Borno State, Nigeria. The objective of the research will be to examine if the fund appropriate to cater for the internally displaced persons are properly spent for that purpose, assess if corruption is really in the camp, evaluate the standard of living in the camp and also to know the various organizations in charge of the management of the camp in Dalori. Primary and secondary sources of data will be obtain as first-hand information from the respondents, interview and observation methods will also be use in addition to the questionnaire administration. While secondary sources will be gathered from the use of library, magazines, newspapers, journals, past projects, seminars and paper presentations.
Keyword: Challenges, internally displays persons, insurgency.
STABILITY ANALYSES OF TWO PARTIES IN DIRECT ELECTORAL COMPETITION
ABDULKAREEM IBRAHIM AFOLABI, UMORU A, YAKUBU, NURUDEEN O. LASISI
Federal Polytechnic Kaura-Namoda, Zamfara State, Nigeria.
Electoral competitions are the instrument provided by democracy to ensure accountability and change of government. The continuous domination of one party in government overtimes might erode the significant of political democracy. In the light of this, we study the stability of two parties in direct electoral competition with aim of determine what determine the strength of these parties for effective electoral competition and as well their longtime co-existence. The dynamics of the model yields non-partisan and partisan equilibriums states. . The stability analysis of non-partisan yields an unstable scenario which might either leads to continuous nonpartisan electoral competition or gradual emergency of political awareness and subsequent formation of political parties. Partisan equilibrium analysis suggested a complex spiral which always leads to oscillation in electoral success of the parties depending on their electoral reinforcement strategies. It is revealed from our findings that the parties will continue to be electorally relevant and co-exist as long as their electoral reinforcement strategies is effective to stimulate voters’ interest
Keywords: Direct, Stability, Competition, Parent, Analyses
FREE PLAY AND PRESCHOOLERS’ ACQUISITION OF ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS IN PUBLIC CARE CENTRES IN RIVERS STATE
*DR. WORDU, ESTHER CHINEDU (PhD) ***DR. IWOWARI ANN IBIBA CHINTUO (PhD) *DR. MONICA WOSOWEI (PhD)
*Early Childhood Care and Education Department, Federal College Of Education (Technical), Omoku, Rivers State. **Faculty Of Education, National Open University Of Nigeria, Port Harcourt Study Centre, Rivers State.
Entrepreneurship is one of the factors that influences the economy of a nation, either directly or indirectly. It is a fact that entrepreneurship plays a significant part in shaping the landscape of a country’s economy. This paper, therefore, seeks to discuss play and public care centre preschoolers’ acquisition of entrepreneurial skills in Rivers State. Two research questions and two corresponding hypotheses guided this study. The design of the study is correlational research design. The population of the study comprised of all the 3,489 Nursery three pupils in Rivers State. The sample of the study comprised 350 Nursery three drawn from the population of the study, using simple sampling method. The instrument used for the study is the “Play and Preschoolers’ Entrepreneurial Skills Acquisition Checklist” (PPESAC). It was face validated by three experts. Pearson Product Moment Coefficient (PPMC) was used to compute the reliability of the instrument which had a reliability index of 0.72.
Keywords: Preschoolers’ Acquisition, Entrepreneurial, Public, Centres.
WHISTLE BLOWING AND MORAL DILEMMA IN NIGERIAN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
*AKINOLA, OLANREWAJU VICTOR AND **ADEPOJU, BANJI MARCELLINUS (PHD)
*Department of Philosophy, University of Ibadan **Department of Local Government and Development Studies, the Polytechnic, Ibadan
The paper attempts a discourse on whistle blowing and moral dilemma and its relationship to public administration with a special focus on Nigerian public sector. The significance of ethical issues in public administration cannot be overemphasized seeing that violation and non-violations affect every level and activity of our daily lives which public administration cannot be exempted. In considering whistle blowing, one would be confronted by several moral issues; there is a claim that whistle blowing is a major measure to minimized or end some ethical issues in public administration. In this regard, person would have to decide if blowing the whistle is actually in the public interest. On the other hand, the potential whistle blower must weigh the responsibility to protect or enhance the interest of the public against the responsibility he has towards his colleagues or the organisation against which he or she is considering blowing the whistle. It is in the light of the above that this paper is taking delight in inquiring into various peril facing public administration and whistle blowers in Nigeria and to proffer philosophical prescription as an antidotes to the ethical issues in public administration in Nigeria. For methodological purpose, the paper shall employ critico-expository approach to examine the subject matter, since man is a product of his experience.
Keyword: Morality, Whistle blowing, Public Administration, Public Sector
ADVOCACY COMMUNICATION AND THE PROMOTION OF INDIGENOUS DEVELOPMENT INNOVATIONS IN RURAL BAYELSA, NIGERIA
ANDERSON NIKADE, CHRISTIE U. OMEGO & CHRISTOPHER OCHONOGOR
Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
The promotion of indigenous development innovations is one of the conditions that facilitate socio-economic and political development of rural communities across the world. The effective communication of such community-based innovations makes the mass media a critical partner in the development process. This study investigated the promotion of indigenous development innovations in rural Bayelsa by journalists in the State. The objectives of the study were to: identify some indigenous development innovations that require effective coverage and reportage by journalists in Bayelsa State; evaluate the extent journalists in Bayelsa State cover and report ruraldevelopment innovations in the State; and to investigate the challenges of reporting rural development innovations in rural areas of Bayelsa State. The study was anchored on the Development Media theory. The study used the descriptive survey research design to undertake a census of the 320 registered journalists in Bayelsa State. Findings of the study showed that rural development innovations were significantly under-reported by journalists in Bayelsa State. The study also found out that one of the factors that hinder effective coverage of community development innovations by journalists in Bayelsa State was ownership interests. Based on these findings, the study recommended, among other things that the ownership of media stations in Bayelsa State should put public interest above personal or parochial concerns and that Civil Society organisations and media rights groups in Bayelsa State should make concerted effort towards clamouring for extensive rural community reporting.
Key Terms: Advocacy Communication, Development Innovations, Development News Reporting, Journalists in Bayelsa State, Rural Community Reporting.