INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (IJCER) VOL 3 (6) APRIL, 2018. ISSN: 1969-1889
Nightingale Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Ministry of Education, Abuja,
Copyright © 2018 Nightingale Research and Publications International.
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USE OF E-LEARNING AND SCIENCE TEACHING: FOR NEW DIRECTION AND UNCOMMON CHANGES
DAHUNSI T.O. PH.D
Primary Education Department, F.C.T. College of Education, Zuba-Abuja
This work is set to look into use of e-learning and science teaching: for new direction and uncommon changes, steps have been taken to discuss the concept of e-learning, its relevance uses to both science teachers and students. The paper also discussed factors affecting successful use of e-learning and some recommendations geared towards improving the use of e-learning among science teachers and students towards new direction and introduction of uncommon changes.
Keywords: Science, Teaching, New direction, Changes & e-learning
IGWEBUIKE AS A COMPLEMENTARY APPROACH TO THE ISSUE OF GIRL CHILD EDUCATION
KANU, IKECHUKWU ANTHONY, Ph.D.
Department of Philosophy, Augustinian Institute, Makurdi
The United Nations Development Programme has reported that the ratio of boys to girls in primary education improved from 79% in 2004 to 81% in 2005 while the proportion of women in non-agricultural wage employment stood at 79% in 2005. The proportion of women in national parliament was 5.76% as against 30% target. Secondary school enrolment has increased for both males and females at the tertiary level. From the report of UNICEF in 2010, female adult literacy rate between 2003 and 2007 is 80%. A gradual improvement in the proportion of girls enrolled in primary school, though noteworthy, is not yet enough. There are still fewer girls than boys in school. There are signs of backsliding in the number of girls in tertiary education. Thus, this piece attends to the questions of girl child education from an African perspective, employing Igwebuike as an African complementary philosophy, with the purpose of emphasizing the dangerous consequences of poor girl-child education on the whole society.
Keywords: Igwebuike, Complementary Approach, Girl-Child, Education, Gender Equality.
EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
DOOFAN RACHEL VAJIME, MERCY NGUUMBUR HANMAIKYUR ESTHER NGUNAN IGBE
Benue State University, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.
This paper focuses on early childhood education for sustainable development. Sustainability in education refers to a training that gives essential tools to leading a whole life. Investigation in early childhood education is synonymous to building a sustainable society. In Nigeria, the need for sustainable education begins with children from 0 -11 years who are incapable of developing their potentials without the assistance of others. This paper views three major pillars of sustainable development; social development, economic development and environmental protection as major pillars of sustainability. Curriculum development is to reflect children’s activities and experiences in teaching and learning in order to bring about sustainable development in education. This paper suggests that since early child education and development is important for the successful and interestingnursery/ primary school life of a child, the education policy makers, planners, stakeholders, parents and teachers should engage in campaigns to publicize and intimate the public on the gains of early childhood education. Also, private investors should be encouraged to go in partnership with ministry of education to ensure appropriate economic and human resources as well as environmental protection establishing an early child education and development centers. The NCE and Basic Education Curriculum should be harmonized to include early child education development philosophy and training and above all the role of the united nation in protecting the right of a young child should be complemented by parents, teachers, individuals, children and nations of the world.
Keywords: Research, education, early childhood, sustainable development, curriculum
SETTING MOMENTUM: A NEW DIRECTION FOR CHANGE TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SUB – SAHARA AFRICA
HADIZA S. MUHAMMAD
Department of Social Studies, Federal College of Education, Katsina, Katsina State
The paper aims to inform the general public about reformation, innovation and enlightenment campaign in sub – Sahara Africa to have a sense of self, sense of belonging, sense of a new direction in the modern world of science and technology to have a new look in the globalized society, education is the best alternative to shape their moral standard, moral views to moral perspectives and innovations in other to be well informed and enlighten to stay well and keep fit in peaceful and conducive atmosphere. Concept of change, education and education are explained in the paper as well peace discussed in the paper change for National International development was equally x-rayed in the paper. Conclusion and recommendation was drawn and part of the recommendation in the paper among others are;The Government and the NGO’s should work heart to heart with great care and the feelings of humanity for setting momentum in practical and theory to achieve intended purpose, Tolerance is very important to achieve sustainable development for better understanding and progressive action, Proper planning and implementation have to be fully organized to avoid abandoning project or half way unnecessarily there is need to have a fresh and sound start and to continue happily to proceed to a desired goals and objectives.
Key words: Setting momentum, new direction, change, sustainable development, development.
REPOSITIONING TEACHER EDUCATION FOR RELEVANCE AND SUSTAINABLE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
Usman Mohammed Dambam
A.D. Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic, Studies Misau, Bauchi State.
The paper takes a look at the position of teacher education in the country’s policy on education that no system of education can rise above the quality of its teachers’ and that education is a viable instrument for sustainable national development. It discusses the concept of teacher and its objectives as provided in the National policy on education. It highlights the challenges of teachers education such as inadequate planning, teachers apathy to the teaching profession, shortage of qualified and highly spirited and conscientious teachers to mention but a few. Equally discussed in the paper is the relevance of teacher and that of his education to national development. Finally, recommendations are proffered that would lead to the effective repositioning of the teacher for his professional and selfless service to the nation which includes: motivating student teachers and those already in the service by guaranteeing their job satisfaction and security.
ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
OGUNNIYI GANIYU EBUDOLA
Department of Building Technology Education, School of Technical Education Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano State
Entrepreneurship education has emphasis on economics and covers business disciplines like management, marketing and finance with thinks to psychology, sociology, and teacher education as well as business education. it prepares and builds persons to be responsible and enterprising individuals capable of deep entrepreneurial thinking that contribute to economic and sustainable development. It focuses on expertise that is needed and used to conceive and commercialize business opportunities. Nigeria especially in the face of the global economic crisis and its energy crisis requires graduates who will be job “creators” and not job “seekers”. This paper addresses issues and challenges in the development of entrepreneurship education in Nigeria. These include major issues like the need for a policy framework for youth entrepreneurship. It also identified the challenges to its development which include funding, manpower and education, and entrepreneurial attitude. The paper finally made recommendations that will enhance a full blown entrepreneurship education in Nigeria.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, development, education, issues and challenges.
ASSESSMENT OF THE LEVEL OF EDUCATIONAL CASUALTIES IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS AND ITS EFFECT ON SOCIETY: BAUCHI METROPOLIS IN PERSPECTIVE
*AUWAL, ABUBAKAR ** MOHAMMAD, HAMISU. ADAMU *** ABUBAKAR, MUH’D. BAPETO****ZARA, JIKA
*Department of Business Education, Bauchi Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies, Bauchi, Bauchi State. **Department of Vocational & Technical Education, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State. ***School of Vocational Education, Federal College of Education (Technical), Gombe, Gombe State. ****Department of Vocational Education, School of Technology and Science Education, Modibbo Adama University,Yola, Adamawa State.
This paper examined the level of secondary school dropout in Bauchi metropolis and its effect on the community. The researchers used enrolment and graduation record of students’ from three selected school including those who repeated the class, for the actual percentage of the dropout. Among factors that led to most of the dropout are, low socioeconomic background, low support of families with regard to education, poor academic achievement, disciplinary method, clashes between work and school, marriage, school safety among others. Increase in the school dropout as a result of the above mention factors, leads to so many criminal activities that seriously need government and community intervention to be able to overcome these problems. School dropout is one of the most serious problems ever since the country was founded. Students who withdraw from school voluntarily or due to some certain problems end not having any certificate for their graduation. Studies has shown that significant percentage of criminal act happening in Nigeria are mostly performed by youth who dropout from the school. The study takes a look into the problem and suggest for the way forward to reduce the problem.
Keywords: Assessment, education, casualties, Secondary education, schools.
MANAGING NOMADIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: CHALLENGES AND WAY FORWARD
AISHATU SALIHU BELLO (PH.D)1 OLOWOSELU ABDULRASHEED2 OLAJIRE FRANCIS AWODOYIN3
123Department of Science Education, Modibbo Adama University of Technology (MAUTECH) Yola, Nigeria
Nigeria strives towards the provision of quality education for all its citizens. The nomads are classified as educational disadvantage people in Nigeria. However, achieving education for all will be a mirage without quality and affordable education for nomadic people. This paper examined the historical background to nomadic education in Nigeria, the purpose of blueprint on nomadic education and the curriculum.Similarly, an important aspect of this article tweets on the challenges of nomadic education in Nigeria, which includelow level of enrolment, drop-out rate, inadequate teachers and lack of fund.Based on these challenges, the authors proffer many solutions such as, improved welfare packages for teachers, curriculum overhauling, adequate provision of instructional materials and proper funding. It was therefore recommended; that the Nigerian government should place nomadic school teachers in a higher salary scales, and State basic education board should stop indiscriminate transfer of teachers from nomadic basic schools to conventional schools without replacements.
Keywords: Education, Nomads, Salary, School, Teachers.
EFFECTS OF LEARNER-CENTRED APPROACH ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF UPPER BASIC STUDENTS, IN ZONE ‘B’ ZONAL DIRECTORATE OF EDUCATION, NIGER STATE-NIGERIA
Niger State Secondary Schools Education Board, Minna
The study examined the Effects of learner-centred approach on the academic performance of upper-basic level students in zone ‘B’ Zonal Directorate of Education, Niger state-Nigeria. The study used quasi-experimental research design and 120 Upper Basic Level II students were sampled. However, Government Day secondary school, Maitumbi and Zarumai model school, Minna were used as Experimental Group; and the selected students were taught using learner-centred method, while Hilltop Model School, Minna and Government Day Secondary School, Minna were used as “Control Group” and the students were taught using teacher-centred method, using Upper-Basic II students. The study used Social Studies Achievement Test (SSAT), as data collection instrument. The study answered three (3) research questions and tested three (3) hypotheses. The data analysis tools were t-test Independent Sample, Cumulative Mean and Standard Deviation. Thestudy revealed Upper-Basic II students performed better when they were taught with learner-centred method compared to their counterparts taught with teacher-centred method. Therefore, based on the findings of this research, it is concluded that the Learner-centred approach is more effective with students of social studies at upper basic level than the teacher-centred approach. The learner-centred approach is effective for both male and female students at upper basic level and in urban and semi-urban schools. Based on the above the study recommended the use of Learner-centred approach by social studies teachers in teaching Upper-Basic Level students in zone ‘B’ Zonal Directorate of Education; Niger state-Nigeria.
Keywords: Learner-Centred, Academic Performance, Method, Upper-Basic, Education
TRANSFORMING ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS ENGINEERING EDUCATION IN NIGERIA VIA AN INDIGENOUS R-BASED SOFTWARE PROJECT
Ubah Ben C.
Europa-Universität Viadrina, Frankfurt
This paper presents propositions towards the transformation of electrical power system engineering education in Nigeria’s tertiary institutions based on the adoption of a home-grown software project whose development is inspired by the inadequacies experienced in the country’s power system engineering academia. The application of the software project for both student and lecturer utilization in study and research are highlighted, while the prospects of inter-tertiary cooperation using its electronic media offerings for delivering quality education and research are outlined. A scenario depicting the application of this software project for laboratory activities in time domain analysis is presented, while the benefits arising from the proposed academic transformation are reasoned to be influential to institutions’ academic credibility, graduates’ competence and industrial performance, and the nation’s technological and economic output.
Keywords: Power systems engineering education, e-Learning, R, Nigeria power system software, computer simulation.
THERAPEUTIC IMPACT OF AEROBIC EXERCISE ON BODY IMAGE AMONG SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN NIGER STATE COUNSELING IMPLICATION.
I.G USMAN (Ph.D.)
Department of Counselling Psychology, IBB University, Lapai, Niger State.
The paper investigated into the effects of aerobic exercise on body image among selected secondary school teachers in Niger state. The study used data from stratified random sampling technique to select teachers from ten (10) various schools in Bida township and Lemu Local government rural schools including married and unmarried male and females. A total sample of 120 subjects were used from the population of 1,802. An instrument coined “Therapeutic Impact of Aerobic Exercise on Body Image Among Teachers” (TIAEBIAT) was validated by three experts and test re-test method was used to obtain reliability of 0.89, which was found adoptable for the study. Bida township teachers confirmed that aerobic exercise can serve as therapeutic device for health living while teachers from rural areas objected in their responses. Therapeutic devices include; fat reduction, effective cardiovascular functions, reduction of chronicdiseases and illnesses. Counselloring strategies for adoption were discussed including individual and group counseling, orientation and time-table for leisure among others. Conclusion and recommendations were advanced in order to engineer or motivate teachers in participating in aerobic exercise to enhance their body fitness and wellbeing.
Keywords: Therapy, Impact, Aerobic, Exercise, Body image, Counseling implication
EFFECTS OF SIMULATION GAMES TECHNIQUE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN KADUNA STATE
Principal Lecturer, Department of Education (Technical), College of Science and Technology, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna-Nigeria
This research work examined the “Effect of Simulation Games Technique on academic performance of Primary School Students in Kaduna State”. The design adopted for the study was quasi-experiment. The total numbers of Pupils used for the research was one hundred and twenty (120) in which Simulation Games and Lecture techniques were used to teach the contents selected from primary VI curriculum after the pre-test was conducted. The data for the study was collected using a teacher- made test. The data gathered for the study were analyzed using mean, standard deviation and independent sample t-test statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that simulation games technique increased Pupils’ academic performance at Primary VI level. In the light of the above, the study recommends the adoption of simulation games technique in teaching among primary VI Pupils in order to enhance their academic achievement in Kaduna state.
Keyword: Simulation Games, Technique, Storytelling, Academic Performance, Primary School.