NIGHTINGALE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCE & ENTREPRENEURSHIP (NIJMSE)
VOL. 9 (7) DECEMBER, 2019. ISSN: 1839-2373
NIGHTINGALE PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.
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Copyright © 2019 Nightingale Publications and Research International
ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS IN ADIRE PRODUCTION AMONG YOUTH IN REVAMPING UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA
*AKINYELE, SAMUEL TAIWO **AKINYELE, ESTHER FEYISAYO & *OBAOYE, DANIEL ABIODUN
*Dept. of Entrepreneurial Studies, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria **Dept. of Business Administration, School of Postgraduate Studies, Crawford University Igbesa, Ogun State, Nigeria
Tie-dye is a craft that is widely practiced in many parts of the world. As an indigenous craft it could be used to forge local identity in the form of dress code. Adire is inextricably connected to the economic and social fabrics of the Yoruba people. Apart from its role in the socio-cultural milieu, it also serves important economic roles by providing the people with job opportunities, source of income,among other benefits. This study assessed entrepreneurial skills in Adire among youth in revamping unemployment in Nigeria. A study of Odeda Local Government, Abeokuta,Ogun State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 120 respondents from the sample size. Primary data were collected on the relationship between various techniques in the production to attain high productivity, how education can bring about creativity, importance of innovation on the productivity, effect of social issues like marriage on the sustainability of the industry with well- structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics(frequencies, percentages and means), Correlation and Regression. Results showed the mean age, marital status, year of work experience, educational qualification, organization experience . ANOVA showed the significant(p<0.05) relationship between social issues and sustainability. Correlation showed the significant (p<0.01) relationship between education and creativity with strong positive correlation coefficient(0.370). Correlation also showed the significant(p<0.01) relationship between innovation and product strong positive correlation coefficient of 0.380. In conclusion, the study shows the relevance of techniques, education, innovation and social issues on entrepreneurial skills on adire production among youth. The study also recommends that entrepreneurs should be aware of the effect of the application of modern techniques, creativity, product and sustainability of the industry in order to achieve breakeven in the market.
Keywords: Adire, Creativity, Dress code, Education, Fabrics, Local identity, Tie-Dye
EFFECT OF OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE ON THE EFFICIENCY OF WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT OF THE LISTED DOWNSTREAM OIL AND GAS COMPANIES IN NIGERIA
RABIU ADO, PhD & MOSES BABATUNDE OLANISEBE
1Department of Accounting, Bayero University Kano, Kano State, Nigeria.
This paper examines the effect of ownership structure on the working capital management of listed Downstream Oil and Gas Companies in Nigeria. The study uses panel data for eight (8) companies over a period of 13 years (2005 – 2017). The study focuses on three specific ownership structures – ownership concentration (OWC), managerial shareholding (MSH) and institutional ownership (INOW). Working capital management was measured through the Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC). Findings indicate that there is a negative significant effect of OWC and MSH on working capital, while a positive and significant effect exists between INOW and working capital management. The paper recommends that the management of the firms should maintain a balanced distribution of share ownership, which will ensure effective management of working capital, governance and the overall success.
Keywords: Ownership structure, working capital management, downstream oil and gas companies
FRAUDULENT PRACTICES AND THE NIGERIAN BANKING INDUSTRY (A CRITICAL ANALYSIS APPROACH)
IRMIYA, SOLOMON REUBEN, IYODO, BABAYARO (PhD) & OKWOR, MAXWELL
Department of Banking and Finance, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Jos
The study examined fraud practices in the Nigerian banking sector. Causal-comparative research design was adopted for the study. Data for the period 2006-2017 were collected from Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) annual reports. This theory of triangle fraud was utilized which involved the triangle of different fraud aspects which includes perceived pressure/motives, perceived opportunities and rationalization. Data relating to fraud, bank profit, bank assets and bank deposits were collected. Descriptive analysis and Johanson Co-Integration method of regression analysis were used for the data analysis. To quantitatively examine how bank fraud affects Banks Performance, profitability was measured using Profit before tax (PBT) and Liquidity measured using Bank Deposit Base (BDB) and Banks Assets (BA). Bank fraud was measured using Value of Bank Fraud (BFv) and Volume/cases of Bank Fraud (BFc). Accordingly, it can be seen that the variable for Performance (PBT, BDB and BA) is dependent on bank fraud (BFv and BFc). It was discovered that fraud has negative but significant relationship with bank profit amongst others. This implies that even though as bank fraud increases, bank profit increases, but the amount of fund involved in fraud does not significantly affect bank profit. It was recommended amongst others that banks should include the amount involved in fraud in their financial statements and entrench good corporate governance (Fraud Box Model) as the key to lock the fraud -risk factors as contained in fraud diamond.
Keywords: Fraud, Bank profit, Bank Assets, Bank Deposits, Nigerian Banking Sector
DETERMINANT OF TASK PERFORMANCE AMONG BANK EMPLOYEES IN NIGERIA: THE ROLE OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND SELF EFFICACY
ADEWALE, A. ADEKIYA1 MUKHTAR SHEHU ALIYU2 BALA ADO KOFAR-MATA3
Department of Business Administration and Entrepreneurship, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
This study examines the relationship between perceived job insecurity and task performance. It adds to the understanding of job insecurity and employee performance relationship by introducing a research model that encompasses yet to be identified mediator and moderator which are likely to exercise an effect on this relationship. Specifically, it is suggested by the research model that employee self-efficacy serves as a significant underlying mechanism through which the perception of job insecurity act to exercise an effect on employee task performance. In addition, it is suggested that the outcome of this mediating interaction is contingent on yet, another significant interaction between emotional intelligence and perceived job insecurity. Thus, while it is expected that perceived job insecurity will culminate in low self- efficacy to impede on task performance, it is also expected that emotional intelligence will act to buffer this indirect relationship. Theoretically, while this model will aid in a better understanding of the previous inconsistent findings on the relationship between perceived job insecurity and task performance, its practical implication is that Deposit Money Banks, both in Nigeria and other nations, including other business organizations stands a chance for an understanding of organizational outcomes associated with emotional and personality factors and how these factors may be manipulated to achieve desirable level of employee performance.
Keywords: Perceived job insecurity, Self-efficacy, Task performance, Emotional intelligence, Bank employees
PRINCIPALS’ MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES: A PANECEA FOR SECURITY CHALLENGES AFFECTING STUDENTS LEARNING IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA
LOVE E. EBUK (Ph.D) & SHEDRACH SUNDAY SKEPRA
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja.
This paper focused on principals’ management strategies as panecea to insecurity challenges affecting students’ learning in Akwa Ibom State. Two research questions were raised to guide the study. The researcher used survey research design for the study. The population of the study was 237 Public Senior Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State. This was also used as the sample of the study through purposive sampling technique. Questionnaire was used to collect data for analysis, simple frequency and mean statistics were used to analyse the research questions. The findings of the study revealed that management are faced with security challenges in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. Also that management did not apply any management security strategies to control security in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. Due to the findings of the study the researcher recommended that: both federal and state governments should give sufficient funds to secondary schools management for purchasing of vital security equipment. The government should ensure that secondary school management and other staff including students are well trained to handle insecurity issues.
Keywords: Principals, Management Strategies, Security, and Challenges of Security.
IMPACT OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY STANDARDS ON PRODUCTIVITY.
OKPE SUNDAY ALEWO
School of Entrepreneurship and Management Technology, Department of Project Management Technology, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State, Nigeria.
In organisations today, human resources has become the major asset for productivity in its maximum since machines doesn’t have the capacity to operate it selves. In Nigeria, industrial workers lacked the right information to work safely which has exposed many employees to potential risk and work place hazard that may have a partial or permanent disability and sometime may result to fatality at work site, this could be as a result of ignorance to the correct practice or people still trying to get earns meet for survival due to the low job opportunity in the country. This paper will highlight and discuss the standards operational procedure at work place to enlighten organisational workers the duty of care of the employers to employees while carrying out an assigned job, the paper will also cover the identification of health risk and safety risk and the required preventive controls to reduce risk to as low as reasonable practicable in the work place, safe work environment and practices are major factors to be considered before accepting job offers. The research case study was carried out at Olam rice and Lake rice factories in Nigeria and the research reveals the selected organisations has a working occupational health and safety practices that has affected productivity massively and has reduced rate of injury at work. The data was collected via questionnaire using a four likert scale procedures for analysis and descriptive survey method. This study is majorly concerned on the impact of occupational health and safety on productivity.
Keywords: occupational safety and health, standard operational practices, health and safety hazard.
ENVIRONMENTAL DYNAMISM, MARKETING STRATEGY COMPREHENSIVENESS AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM NIGERIAN BANKS
OYEDELE, OLORUNTOBA (PHD)1, LADOKUN, I.O2, OLADEJI, ADESOLA . A3
1Department of Accounting and Finance, Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo, Nigeria. 2Department of Marketing, The Polytechnic, Ibadan, Nigeria 3Department of Business Administration and Management Studies, The Polytechnic, Ibadan, Nigeria.
This study examined the impact of environmental dynamism and marketing strategy comprehensiveness on organizational performance with particular reference to the selected banks in Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was used to select Zenith bank, Guaranty bank, First bank, Access bank, United bank for Africa, Ecobank and Fidelity bank, while judgmental was employed to select Branch Manager, Head of Operation and Accountant each from the 5 branches of the selected banks in Oyo State, totaling 105 respondents as a sample size. Data collected through a structured questionnaire were analyzed with the aid of mean, standard deviation, linear regression and correlation. The result established that environmental dynamism and marketing strategy comprehensiveness are independent predictors of banks’ performance. It was also revealed that environmental dynamism is a primary factor of marketing strategy comprehensiveness formulation. Subsequently, the study recommended that management should conduct continuous surveys to get feedback from customers and their preferences about the services offered, levels and prices and their suitability to the customers’ needs and wishes, especially the expected (future). Also, banks should leverage on new technology so as to make their services more efficient.
Keywords: Environmental Dynamism, Marketing Strategy, Bank, Organizational Performance,
BANK LOAN AND SMALL BUSINESS PERFORMANCE IN PLATEAU STATE
*CHRISTOPHER OSEGA OTUBOR **PROFESSOR AMBROSE OKWOLI ***DR. YOHANNA JUGU
*Department of Banking & Finance, University of Jos, Jos **Department of Accounting, University of Jos, Jos *** Department of Actuarial Science, University of Jos, Jos
The motivation for this study was that Plateau State had poor small business performance. One of the factors that led to the small business performance was the issue of finance from bank. Since small business is the bedrock for any nation to develop economically through individual efforts involved in business, the small business needed finance. In Plateau State, small business deserved to benefit from the service of banks. The main objective was to examine the influence of bank loan on small business performance in Plateau State as it affected small business profitability, turnover, and expansion level. The study adopted the quantitative research design. The source of data for analysis was primary that passed through validity testing and reliability testing. The method of data collection was five point Likert scale. The method of data analysis was linear regression. The finding showed that bank loan had significant effect on small business performance. The implication of this finding is that enough funds through the banks do increase performance. Recommendation is that banks should endeavor to re-strategise the best ways to finance small business for better performance since each small business is unique.
Keywords: Bank, Loan, Small, Business, Performance
CORPORATE SOCIAL REPOSIBILITY DISCLOSURE AND BANK PERFORMANCE: THE CASE OF GTBANK PLC POST IFRS ADOPTION
*ISMAIL TIJJANI IDRIS & **ADAMU GARBA ZANGO
*Department of Business Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria **Department of Accounting & Finance, Baze University, Abuja
The objective of the study is to examine the determinants of corporate social responsibility disclosure of Guaranty Trust Bank (GTBank) post IFRS adoption for five years from 2013 to 2017 using ordinary least square longitudinal research design. Finding from the study shows a positive relationship between all the three independent variables (i.e. bank size, audit quality and profitability and corporate social responsibility disclosure at one percent, one percent and five percent level of significance respectively. The study recommended that regulatory agencies in Nigeria should mandate all quoted companies to include corporate social responsibility information framework in their annual financial reports in line with international best practice.
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility disclosure, bank performance, GTBank, Nigeria
THE EASE OF DOING BUSINESS: EVIDENCE FROM NIGERIAN ENTREPRENEURS
FATIMAH INUWA USMAN1, UMAR USMAN2
1Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Maiduguri Borno- Nigeria. 2Department of Management and Information Technology, Faculty of Management Sciences, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi-Nigeria.
The ease of doing Business in Nigeria from the perspective of entrepreneurs, similarly, anecdotal evidence indicated that African entrepreneurs are concentrated mainly on their local market spheres with a low potential for long-term growth and development. The main objective of the study is to find out the factors responsible of doing business in Nigeria. The research design of this study was descriptive research design in nature. The sample size of 103 was drawn from the population of 154 respondents using Krejcie and Morgan, 1970. Statistical Package for Social Science (Version 25.0 SPSS) was used to analyzes the data. The result of indicates that there is a positive and significant relationship between technology and ease of doing business. This implies that technology explains ease of doing Business in Nigeria by 99%. Also, Sociocultural factor displays the result of the multiple regression tests showing positive effect and significant effect on growth of ease of doing business β value is 0.251 and the P value of 0.000, β value is 0.621 and the P value of 0.000. Based on the findings of this study further studies can focus on other variables that can explain the ease of doing business.
Keywords: Business, Entrepreneurs, low potential, long-term growth and development
ASSESSMENT OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING EMPLOYEE’S PERFORMANCE
1BABA SHUWA GONI, AND 2DANJUMA ABUBAKAR UMAR
1Department of Business Administration and Management, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria 2Department of Industrial and Labour Relations, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
Employees do not perform in a vacuum. There are a variety of factors such as personal, company-based and external factors that affect their performance. Identifying these factors can help improve recruitment, retention and organisational results. It is against this background that the researchers embarked on a research entitled “Assessment of the factors affecting employee performance in Mobile Telecommunication Network (MTN) Maiduguri. Three research questions guided the study and hypotheses tested at 5% level of significance. Analysis of variance revealed that compensation and training of employees can significantly improve employee performance. It was recommended that MTN should update knowledge and skills of employees through continuous training and retraining and it should be pay its staff handsomely so as to encourage them to put more efforts. MTN should also provide conducive work environment so as to make them to perform effectively and efficiently.
Keywords: Factors, Affecting, Employee, Performance, and Organisation
ROLE OF DISCIPLINE IN ENHANCING PRIMARY SCHOOL MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
*Umar MUHAMMAD (PhD) **N.I. Lawal
*Department of Educational Foundations, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto **Department of Science and Vocational Education, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
This Paper examined Role of Discipline in Enhancing Primary School Management in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges. Primary education is very important in the Nigerian education system. It is the oldest system. Its history in the geographical entity that is now known as Nigeria, dates back to 170 years ago, Lack of discipline in primary school in Nigeria is a challenge to education management in Nigeria. The need for discipline from the grassroot of our educational system has become the turning point in the administration of educational institutions in Nigeria. Primary Education has been universally accepted as an instrument of change and potent tool for socioeconomic development. It is the only weapon yet known for the achievement of purposeful human development objectives in this era of technology driven world economic order. In coping with the demand of social change, Primary education in Nigeria has undergone series of changes in order to develop Nigeria’s economy and meet the aspirations of the citizenry. However, the changes in the system have become mere nomenclature as they have failed to produce the desired results in view of the contending issues that are left unresolved. Thus, inability of the Nigerian government to implement the articulated educational policies, insufficient access, and inadequate infrastructure, among other issues are inimical not only to the educational development but its attendant socioeconomic backwardness. Among the recommendations made are tha, Primary Administrators should establish clear rules and procedures and instruct pupils on how to follow them, giving primary level children and those with low socio-economic status in particular a great deal of instruction, practice and reminders, Make clear to pupils the consequences of behavior, Enforce classroom rules promptly, consistently, and equitably from the very first day of school and finally, Make use of humor, when suitable to stimulate pupils’ interest to reduce classroom tensions.
Keywords:, Discipline, Enhancing, Management, Nigeria, Primary Education
EFFECT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA
Department of Business Administration and Management, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria.
The paper examined the effect of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on the development of entrepreneurship in Oyo State, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was used to select one hundred and thirty (130) respondents from two thousand, five hundred and thirty-six (2,536) registered infopreneurs and sociopreneurs in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Data were sourced through structured questionnaire designed by the researcher. Linear Regression Analysis was used to analyze the data collected in order to determine the effect of independent variable (ICT) on dependent variable (entrepreneurship development) with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. The study revealed that ICT (β = 0.574, t = 13.820, P = 0.000) has positive and significant effects on entrepreneurship development. This implies that ICT is a strong predictor of entrepreneurship development among the residents of the study area. The result also indicated that ICT contributes 73.0% to the development of entrepreneurship in Oyo State, Nigeria. The paper concluded that ICT is a pivotal to the development of entrepreneurship opportunities in the study area. It is therefore, recommended that governments and other stakeholders should ensure the creation of a conducive environment for the development of ICT infrastructures to aid entrepreneurial development considering the pivotal role being played in the development of entrepreneurial opportunities by Information and Communication Technology.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, ICT, Sociopreneur, Entrepreneurship Development, Infopreneur
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION AND GRADUATES’ EMPLOYABILITY IN NIGERIA
GIDEON, VICTOR OLORUNFEMI Ph.D & AGABA, ADAH EKOJA
Human Capital Policy Department, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER)
The study titled Entrepreneurship Education and Graduates’ Employability in Nigeria, aimed at inculcating entrepreneurship knowledge and skills in students of higher education institutions (HEIs) in Nigeria so as to equip them for the requirement for self-reliance or readily securing employment in the labour market after their graduation. The descriptive survey method was adopted in order to analyze how graduates’ employability could be enhanced through entrepreneurship education in Nigeria. This method is useful for finding the meaning and understanding of the issues under investigation. The study relied on secondary source of data which were sourced from academic literature on the subject matter. The study was anchored on the cognitive theory with a view of addressing the issues of entrepreneurship education and how it could leverage graduates’ unemployment in Nigeria. The cognitive theory explains why people engage in an entrepreneurial behaviour. The study found positive relationship between entrepreneurship education and graduates’ employability. This implies that with the right and conducive environment, entrepreneurship education in our HEIs is a panacea to graduates’ unemployment in Nigeria. The findings were corroborated by empirical evidence that entrepreneurship education is the only viable alternative for solving the high level of graduates’ unemployment in Nigeria. An effective entrepreneurship education and skills acquisition will promote graduates’ employability in Nigeria. The findings of the study show that Nigerian higher education institutions are characterized by outdated school curricula which renders average Nigerian graduate unemployable because he doesn’t possess skills needed by the employers of labour. This is often attributed to the nation’s education system which is liberal bias. The course contents of most HEIs in Nigeria lack entrepreneurial contents that would have enabled graduates to become job creators rather than job seekers. Inadequacy of competent trainers and the methodology employed by lecturers in teaching entrepreneurship education in Nigeria are inadequate and obsolete. Entrepreneurship education facilities such as adequate lecture rooms and furniture for the teaching and learning of entrepreneurship education, ICT services, equipment for skills acquisition are either inadequate or non-existent. Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made: Educational curricula should be generally reviewed in Nigeria to promote the inculcation of the generic skills that will instill inquiring, innovative and entrepreneurial mind in students and staff. Useful entrepreneurship programmes should be organized in HEIs so that students will be exposed early to the world of business. Government and private philanthropists should assist in promoting and financing entrepreneurship education in higher institutions and entrepreneurship diversification should be encouraged in all walks of life such as business entrepreneurs, academic entrepreneurs, civic entrepreneurs, social entrepreneurs and technological entrepreneurs.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Education, Graduates, Employability, Nigeria.
TOWARDS AN EFFECTIVE INTERNET MARKETING AND MARKETING MIX IN THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY
CLARA K. ASOJO JOSHUA MAXWELL ELGEN & GAMBO ALIYU IDRIS
Department of Hospitality, National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism (NIHOTOUR) Bauchi Campus.
The most powerful and most effective internet marketing activities which can improve sales and attract new customers include marketing through the hotel website, via email and the social network. The overall marketing process involve the use of four decision making variables including place, promotion, price and product within the context of the firm macro environment while focusing on the target market. The inherent differences between goods and services lead to the development of alternative marketing mix for the hospitality industry comprising of products service mix, presentation mix and communication mix. Among the challenges confronting the industry include labour shortage, increase competition and economic issues. It is recommended that creative hospitality professionals develop innovative strategies for capturing and keeping high quality workers.
Keywords: Marketing mix (four ps), internet marketing, hospitality, consumer needs and wants.
IMPACT OF DEMOGRAPHICS ON THE INFLUENCE OF SITUATIONAL FACTORS IN THE CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOUR OF FAST FOOD CONSUME IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS.
USMAN ADAMU IBRAHIM
Department Banking and Finance, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi Nigeria.
The personal attributes of individuals and the social environment have been known to exert a lot of influence on behaviour. The environment comprises of many factors which make it extremely difficult to determine with some degree of certainty which of these factors actually influences behaviour at a particular point in time. Situational influences on consumer behaviour have been investigated but not much has been done to investigate the relationship between demographic variables and situational factors. The study investigates the influence of age, gender and level of education (demographic variables) and physical surroundings, social surroundings and temporal factors (situational factors) on fast food consumers’ behavior. A survey research design was employed. Respondents were asked to state the degree of influence of the independent variables on the dependent variables using a three measuring nominal scale (very strong, somewhat strong and very weak). The statistical Chi-square was used to test the hypotheses. Results indicated a significant relationship between age and the three situational factors considered. On the other hand, sex significantly related only to social surroundings while education showed a significant relationship with the physical surroundings and temporal factors, it was, therefore, recommended that marketers should not neglect demographic factors in the planning of successful marketing strategies that will ensure great influence of situational factors.
Keywords: Situational factors, physical surroundings, social surroundings, temporal factors, demographic variables
ASSESSING THE EFFECTS OF INSECURITY ON TOURISM INVESTMENTS IN BAUCHI STATE
*PATRICK OGUGUA ABENGOWE (MITP) **NNEKA FATIMA OLADOKUN **FAVOUR ALFA
*PCS Department, National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism (NIHOTOUR), North-East Zonal Campus, Bauchi. **Travel and Tourism Dept. NIHOTOUR H/Q, Abuja.
Security and safety of tourists have of recent become a most global concern and thus a major factor in tourists’ choice of destinations. The past decade and counting, Nigeria in general and the north in particular, have been witnessing unprecedented upsurge in crimes like kidnappings, abductions, terrorist attacks, political/religious uprisings, all of which have played roles in discouraging tourists from coming in the country, especially to the zones or States so affected. Bauchi State that prides itself as the Pearl of Tourism, now is a shadow of itself, as not many foreign tourists are too eager to venture into the State for any activity whatsoever. With the exception of petroleum and GSM businesses as well as foodstuff businesses, Bauchi State cannot boast of many industries that would have contributed to the state’s economic development. This study set out to investigate possible economic effects of this problem of insecurity. It was discovered that influx of especially foreign tourists to Bauchi State in the last ten years has reduced to almost zero and as a result, many businesses that otherwise would have benefited from the visits and activities of foreign tourists, through the much-needed foreign exchange and business opportunities. Similarly, the state government, which should have been the major beneficiary of the income generated by foreign tourists, is adversely affected in that the expected income from tourism for economic and general development of the State is lacking. At the end of the research, useful recommendations were proffered which, to enable stakeholders have a rethink and tackle the menace of insecurity for the overall development of the State.
Keywords: Tourism, Crime, tourist, insecurity, security, development
ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS INFLUENCING LOCATION OF RETAIL OUTLETS IN SOME PROVISION STORES IN KAKURI, KADUNA SOUTH, NIGERIA
OLATUNJI TUNDE EZEKIEL, AUWAL MUHAMMAD SALIHU AND PRISCILLA N. ALKALI
Directorate of Academic Planning, Nigeria Institute of Leather And Science Technology, Zaria
The aim of this study was to examine the factors influencing location of retail outlets in Nigeria. A case study of provision stores in Kakuri, Kaduna south. The study used a two section questionnaire to elicit responses from a total of 150 conveniently selected consumers based in three shopping malls in the study area. The respondents’ demographic data were analysed using descriptive statistics. Exploratory factor analysis was used to identify store image factors influencing store choice. The mean score ranking technique was employed to compare the importance of the extracted factors. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to test for the influence of gender differences in store choice. Six factors influencing the store choice of retail outlet were identified. These were sales assistance, store atmospherics, store appeal, in-store induced appeals, promotion/brand availability and store accessibility. Among these factors, sales assistance emerged as the most important factor influencing store choice of consumers. The study also revealed that gender differences do not significantly influence store selection choice. Some recommendations were proffered.
Keywords: Retail outlet, Factors, Provision store, Influence, Nigeria
HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT AND ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
Department of Business Administration, School of Management Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria.
This study examines the perceive contributions of human capital development to sustainable development and also examines challenges that confront human capital development in Nigeria. This study used a descriptive survey design. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 10 lecturers each from the four selected tertiary institutions in Bauchi State respectively totaling 40 respondents as a sample size for the study. A structured questionnaire designed for the study was employed to source for data. Data were analyze with the aid of mean and Chi-Square. Result shows that human capital development has significant contributions to sustainable development. Result also reveals that inadequate funding of education, illiteracy due to poor education, high level of corruption due to poor moral development, bad education policy and planning, lack of clear language and educational content development and Health challenges due to illness are major challenges facing human capital development in Nigeria. The study concluded that investing in human capital is a driving force for sustainable development. Subsequently, the study recommends that attention should be paid on the human capital development indicators so as to enhance sustainable development in Nigeria.
Keywords: Human Capital Development, Funds, Education, Investment, Illiteracy
ADOPTION OF ISLAMIC BANKING SYSTEM AS AN ALTERNATIVE ETHICAL BUSINESS IN NIGERIA: RELIGIOUS JUSTIFICATION AS PANACEA TO PHOBIA
1HASHIM SABO BELLO, 2IBRAHIM SULEIMAN GALADIMA & 3BARAKA IBRAHIM ALIYU
1Department of Business Administration and Management, School of Management Sciences, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2Department of Islamic Studies, A.D. Rufa’I College of Legal & Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 3Department of Islamic Studies, Institute of Education, Kangere, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
This research aimed to study the religious justification for the introduction of Islamic banking system in Nigeria as being consistent with religious teachings. As it’s justifiable in religious scriptures especially in both the Islamic and Christian teachings, so, Nigeria shouldn’t be a battle ground for Islamic banking system between Muslims and Christians just because it carries the toga of Islam while ignoring its beneficial social goals as an alternative modes of ethical financing and investments. Interest serve as the cardinal and philosophical question that has to do with the core concept of ‘is money a commodity that can be traded on its own or not? The sampling method adopted for the study was stratified random sampling technique. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire administered to 480 respondents and data obtained was analyzed with inferential statistical technique. ANOVA was employed to test each hypothesis at 99 per cent confidence level. Results were analyzed through descriptive statistics and hypotheses tested using ANOVA at 0.01 level of significance. Thus, this paper believes that the Islamic banking are not only concerned with the growth of money but the ethical means by which money can be used to generate wealth across the sub-Saharan countries of Africa. As the Islamic approach to banking system emanates from a foundation set of ethical principles this paper recommended that there should be intellectual and diligent discussion on Islamic banking system in the academic and religious centres across the country to critically assess its connection involving ethical and global financial practices which would promote a balance between the social and economic aspects of our society by eliminating the sources of instability and promoting harmonious living among followers of various religions.
Key words: Ethical business, Religions, Islamic banking, Nigeria, Phobia.
THE ROLE OF TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC LAW
*ABUBAKAR, FAROUQUE, **DANLAMI GARBA HASSAN,
*School of General Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State. **A. D. Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State.
This paper seeks to examine the activities of Transnational Corporations (TNCs) in the development of international economic law. Specifically, it analyses how TNCs act a steering subjects in the World Trade Organisation legal order, its development in International Investment law and the promotion of international code of conduct on Transnational Corporations. It examined the role played by TNCs as agents of a parent company in a country where they operate. Most economists believe that the TNCs are exploitative as natural resources found in developing countries such as in Nigeria and other developing countries meant for its development are not productively utilized due to de-capitalization of the economy in form of profit repatriation. It argues however that in spite of the negative activities of TNCs however, they contribute positively in the areas of technological development and creation of employment opportunities. The paper sorts out to examine the history, nature, objective, and operations of TNCs in the global economy.
Keywords: Law, Economy, Transnational, Corporations, Roles
EFFECT OF DIGITAL MARKETING ON THE MARKETING PERFORMANCE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA.
*MUSA KALLAMU HASSAN **PROFESSOR A. J. BAMBALE **DR. AHMED A. MAIYAKI
*Department of Business Administration and Management, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi **Department of Business Administration and Entrepreneurship, Bayero University Kano
Small and medium business enterprises (SMBEs) are considered to be the economic engine leading to worldwide economic development. They have attracted substantial consideration from researchers, academics and practitioners in the last three decades. Meanwhile, Digital marketing unlike traditional marketing has provided small and medium enterprises a platform to create awareness to consumers on what they offer due to their relatively low cost. The study here is to determine the effect of digital marketing on marketing performance of SMEs in Bauchi State, Nigeria. The study used a descriptive cross-sectional research design allow analysis of SMEs in Bauchi, it had a population of 600 SMEs. From this population, a sample size of 255 SMEs was determined and randomly selected to answer the research objective. The responses were analysed through mean scores, Pearson’s correlation test using SPSS v.21 software. The study results indicated that email marketing and social media marketing had significant effect on SMEs marketing performance and to a great extent. Mobile marketing, search engine optimization (SEO) marketing, pay-per-click (P.P.C), and online marketing all had a significant effect on SMEs’ marketing sales performances and to a moderate extent. The study findings indicated that lack of digital marketing knowledge, followed by lack of suitable digital marketing techniques and the lack of finances are major challenges facing SMEs in Bauchi. The study recommended that SMEs should be trained and sensitized on the available digital marketing techniques and how they are suitable for their businesses. The study also recommended that proper policies should be made by the government that assists SMEs to adopt digital marketing. Finally the study recommended that SMEs should be provided with funds in order to finance their digital marketing.
Keywords: Digital marketing; small business, Marketing Performance, and Marketing effectiveness
PERCEPTION OF COUNCILLORS AND SOCIAL WORKERS ON CHALLENGES OF DOMESTIC GIRL WORKERS IN KWARA AND NIGER STATES: COUNSELLING IMPLICATIONS
Minna Institute of Technology & Innovation, Minna, Niger State
It is a fact that domestic girl workers play significant roles in the families, pettytrading and hawking in market places, manufacturing and construction firms in Nigeria and elsewhere. However, they are prevented from enjoying human rights, rights to education, women rights, health care, safety andsome of them are subjected to forced labour, hunger, and torture.This study was aimed at instigating abuse and deficiencies that characterize domestic girl workers as perceived by counsellors and social workers in Kwara and Niger States. Three hypotheses were generated and tested in the study. The population for the study consisted of all the counsellors and social workers in Kwara and Niger States.Stratified random sampling techniques was used to select 400 counsellors and social workers from schools and local government areas. The study adopted self-developed questionnaire captioned “Perception of Counsellors and Social Workers on Challenges of Domestic Girl Workers”. (PCSWCDW) with a test –retest reliability index of 0.82. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics. Hypotheses 1-3 were tested using t-test of independent sample. The findings of the study showed that majority of the counsellorsand social workers indicated positive responses on challenges of domestic girl workers as there were no difference between counsellors and social workers on the basis of gender, location and professional status. The result indicated some of the challenges such as forced labour, infringement of Childs rights, human rights, women rights, torture, hunger, intimidation todelay wages, sexual harassment and premarital pregnancy. Conclusion and recommendations were proffered that counsellors should adopt counselling strategies, techniques and methods, such as; community-based counselling through the media, and rational emotive therapy to enlighten the public on these challenges. To emphasize the need for girl-child education and its dividends such as; entrepreneurship education, self sustainability and national development.
Keywords: Counsellors, Social Workers, Challenges, Domestic Girl Workers, Counselling Implications.
TESTING OUR TAP WATER: IS IT ALWAYS SAFE TO DRINK?
AMINA UMAR SHEHU
Nigerian Postal Service, Minna Branch, Niger State
The importance of water for the support of life on earth cannot be overemphasized, therefore, its quality needs to be ascertained and possibly controlled. This paper gives a robust and critical review of drinking water obtained from the tap in relation to its safety for drinking. Based on the literature reviewed, what constitutes safe drinking water and the best method of realizing safe drinking water is ascertained.
Keywords: Water, Drinking, Safe, Review, Tap
THIRD (3RD) ORDER CONTROL EXTENSION FOR RINGIM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, JIGAWA STATE.
1DAUDA WAZIRI A, 2 LAWALI RABIU, AND 3 BULAMA A. ABATCHA.
1,2&3Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria.
The research paper involved 3rd Order control extension for Ringim Local Government Area of Jigawa State. Second Order Control located around Ringim was used to control the survey work. Leica GPS 1200 series was used to determine the Northings, Eastings and Heights (X, Y, & Z coordinates) of these points. The coordinates were first achieved in WGS 84 ellipsoid, but were later converted to Minna Datum all in UTM Zone 32N format. Pillar description was also carried out for the points that are close to prominent features of the thirteen (13) points. The report from the processing software i.e. Leica geo office, shows that the entire final coordinates falls within the allowable error specification configured into the GPS receiver. Final adjusted coordinates of these control points were plotted using AutoCAD 2007 software at a scale of 1/10,000.
Keywords: 3rd Order control, Leica GPS 1200 series, WGS 84 ellipsoid, UTM Zone 32N, Leica geo office, and AutoCAD 2007.
CHALLENGES ASSOCIATED WITH THE COMPLIANCE TO IFRS7 EVIDENCE FROM DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS IN NIGERIA
NUHU, M. A1., SHATTIMA, A2. AND KAUJI, M. B3.
1Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria 2&3Department of Accountancy, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
This study examines the level of compliance with the provisions of IFRS7 (Financial Instrument) by Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) in Nigeria. Data were obtained from the primary sources using perception study of the fifteen (15) listed DMBs in the Nigeria Stock Exchange (NSE). The structured questionnaire was distributed to 150 respondents. The primary data was analysed using Chi-square technique. The study revealed that DMBs are faced with challenges in complying with the disclosure requirements of IFRS7 and that globalization is a major factor in banks’ decisions to comply with the standard. It is therefore recommended that the improvement in compliance with the requirement of IFRS7 by DMBs in Nigeria should be sustained through training and retraining of staff that are vested with the responsibility of preparing the financial statements. Through that they can overcome the difficulties and to ensure harmonization with financial reporting system. Financial Reporting Council of Nigeria should ensure that the framework establishing the IFRS adoption addresses the peculiarities of Nigerian financial reporting system in order to address the challenges of compliance with IFRS7.
Keywords: Challenges, Compliance to IFRS7 and Deposit Money Banks (DMB)