Nightingale Int’l Journal of Contemporary Education Research (NIJCER) Vol.9 (8) December, 2019


NIGHTINGALE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (NIJCER)

VOL. 9 (8) DECEMBER, 2019. ISSN: 1969-1889

 



Published by:

NIGHTINGALE PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL,

Centre for African Development Studies,

Ministry of Education, Abuja, FCT-Nigeria.

nightingalenigeriapub@gmail.com |  +2347087173247.

Copyright © 2019 Nightingale Publications and Research International

 



 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY AND INCLUSIVE EDUCATION

   

SULEIMAN, SULEIMAN CHADO

Department of Counselling Psychology, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai

 

Abstract

This paper dwelt in the initiation of inclusive education by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and looked at how this academic programme could fare well in Nigeria. It therefore discussed the concept of inclusive education accordingly. The paper went further to explain the current state of inclusive education in Nigeria by dwelling in the psychosocial benefits and challenges that characterize inclusive education programme in Nigeria. Probable solutions of the identified challenges were highlighted in this paper. Conclusion and recommendations were also discussed. Some of the recommendations include among other things; increase in the budgetary allocation to education sector; creation of awareness through the media among stakeholders and the public about inclusive education; provision of trained teachers and adequate teaching and learning fertilities supply of regular electricity; construction of new physical structures in the schools, initiation of new inspection  and monitoring of school as well as probity and accountability in the dispensation of all the paraphenalia of inclusive education programme so as to develop Nigeria children for nation building and national reconstruction.

Key words: Inclusive education, Psychosocial, Benefits, Challenges

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MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR RECTIFYING HUMAN RESOURCES NEGATIVE ATTITUDE TO EFFECTIVE JOB PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AKWA IBOM STATE

 

EBUK, LOVE (Ph.D) & SHADRACH SUNDAY SKEPRA

Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja

 

Abstract

The paper focused on management strategies for rectifying human resources negative attitude to effective job performance in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. The researcher used survey research design for the study. The population consisted of 237 secondary school principals and 2948 teachers giving a total of 3185 respondents. The sample was 400 respondents got through using Taro Yamene formula. The questionnaire was validated by experts in the Department of Educational Administration and Foundation, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. The reliability of the instrument was obtained through split-half using Pearson Product Moment Correlation coefficient statistics to analyze the data collected. Frequency and mean were used as statistics to analyze the research questions. The findings of the study showed that: teachers exhibited positive attitude towards their work and that principals have applied management strategies to put teachers’ attitude in the right perspective for effective job performance. Due to these findings, the researcher recommended that: school management should inspire their teachers by creating a conducive school environment that would help teachers to continue to develop positive attitude towards their work, frequent seminars for teachers on attitude formation should be organized to help the teachers build and develop positive attitude constantly and school management should understand and avoid those factors capable of making teacher develop and exhibit negative attitudes towards their work.

Keywords: Management Strategies, Rectifying, Human Resource, Negative Attitude, Effective Job Performance.

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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE AND EFFECTIVE LEARNING CULTURE OF STUDENTS IN PEACOCK COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, JALINGO

 

AMINU SANI

Department of Educational Foundations, Taraba State University, PMB1167, Jalingo

 

Abstract

The paper investigates the Relationship between social media usage and effective learning culture of students in Peacock College of Education, Jalingo. Two objectives and two hypotheses were formulated for the study. Correlational Survey design was used for the study and a population sample of fifty seven (57)NCE II students out of the total population of seventy five were used. Data was collected using a self-developed instrument titled, Social Media and Effective Learning Culture Questionnaire (SMELCQ) which was duly validated by experts in Test and Measurement and Guidance and Counselling and the reliability of the instrument was found using test-retest method of reliability. Pearson Product Moment Correlations coefficient (r-correlate) and independent t.Test were used for hypotheses testing. The results of the study revealed that positive relationship exists between social media usage and effective learning culture of students and Male and Female students do not differ significantly in the utilization of social media. The paper concludes that social media usage has positive relationship with Students effective Learning culture. Students most often use the Social media for different aspects of learning. Also, both male and female adequately utilize the social media for effective learning in the college. The paper further recommends that Governments, College proprietors and parents should encourage their wards and citizens in the use of information technology for effective learning, parents, Governments and College Proprietors should use smart phone or laptop as a means of motivating hard work among students in order to increase the utilization of social media among male and female students. 

Keyword: Social Media, Effective Learning, Usage, Relationship, Peacock College of Education

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PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL AS A MANAGEMENT TOOL FOR ASSESSMET OF TEACHERS’ MOTIVATION ON THE JOB IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN UYO SENATORIAL DISTRICTAKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

 

BONIFACE ICHA IJUO (Ph.D) & LOVE E. EBUK (Ph.D)

Department of Educational Management, Faculty Of Education, University Of Abuja, Abuja

 

Abstract

The study is focused on “Performance Appraisal as a Management Tool for Assessment of Teachers’ Motivation Teachers on the Job in Secondary Schools in Uyo Senatorial District, Akwa Ibom State. The researchers used survey research design for the study, this research design enabled them to select representatives from the larger population for the study. The population of the schools were 24 and that of the teachers were 2276. The sampled schools were five (5) whereas that of the teachers were 200 sampled for the study. The research questions were analyzed by using frequency and mean statistics respectively. The findings of the study showed that management of secondary schools used performance appraisal as managerial tool to assess employee’s performance on the job in secondary schools in Uyo Senatorial District in Akwa Ibom State. Also that management did not use performance appraisal as managerial tool to motivate teachers’ performance on the job in secondary schools in Uyo Senatorial District in Akwa Ibom State. From the findings of the study the researcher recommended that managers (principals) should apply performance appraisal as a measure to assess teachers performance on the job in secondary schools and  that the management in secondary schools should use performance appraisal to motivate teachers on their job. 

Keywords: Performance Appraisal, Management Tool, Assessment, Teachers’ Motivation.

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IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM IN PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA. ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

 

UMAR MUHAMMAD PhD

Department of Educational Foundations, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto

 

Abstract

The paper examines Implementation of Curriculum in Private Secondary Schools: Prospects and Problems. Maajor factor that necessitates the acquisition of secondary education in Nigeria is that the education being provided at the primary level is proving to be insufficient for a child to acquire permanent literacy, communicative, and numeracy skills expected from him/her at the end of the training. The success of Secondary School Education in order to achieve community development goals is hinged on providing curriculum that will take into cognizance global emerging socio-economic needs of the people. In an attempt to address this, the paper examined issues such as, concept of curriculum, Concept of Curriculum Implementation in Private Schools in Nigeria, Theoretical Framework, Private Secondary School Curriculum in Nigeria, Challenges of Implementing Private Secondary School Curriculum, Prospects in implementing Private Secondary School Curriculum, The paper concludes that, From  the  foregoing,  it  is  observable  that  numerous challenges  characterized  21st  century  education  such  as tension  between  global  and  the  local  (becoming  a  world  citizen  without  losing  your  root);  tension  between universal and individual (maintaining one’s culture yet blend with the progressive global world to choose one’s future);  and  tension  between  tradition  and  modernity  (adopting  to  change  without compromising  one’s  past, maintain one’s authority yet allow the development of others). It was suggested that, There is need for concerted efforts by stakeholders in education to providing instructional facilities. It is evident that government alone cannot saddle responsibilities of education, Teachers are advised to make use of improvisation where there are no instructional materials. Of course, government could help in providing both visual and audio-visual materials in all secondary schools, The  importance  of  teacher  involvement  in  decision-making  and  curriculum  planning  cannot  be  over emphasized.  Finally, government  should  involve  teachers  curriculum  planning  and  development  to  give them sense of recognition

Keywords: Curriculum, Challenges, Secondary Education, Private, Nigeria

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SOCIAL MEDIA AS A TOOL FOR ENHANCHING QUALITY CLASSROOM INSTRUCTIONAL DELIVERY AMONG STUDENTS OF COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NORTH WESTERN NIGERIA

 

*HARUNA SANI ALIERO, Ph.D. AND **MISWARU BELLO, Ph.D.

*Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero, Nigeria **School of Education , Sa’adatu Rimi College of Education, Kumbotso, Kano

 

Abstract

The thrust of this paper is to examine the use of social media as a tool to enhance effective classroom instructions among students of Colleges of Education in North Western Nigeria. The paper identified the concept, types of social media and how social media can be used in teaching and learning situations. The impact of social media on classroom instructions was outlined. Major educational benefits of social media and how teachers should use social media in the classroom was highlighted. Furthermore, how social media should be use as a learning tool was equally elaborated. Conclusion and recommendations were presented. It was recommended that government, Commission for Colleges of education and relevant stakeholders should come up with a workable policy that will facilitates the use of social media in both teaching and learning situations. Strong financial investment should be provided in Information and Commutation Technology (ICT) in order to ensure uninterrupted internet services for social media users.

Keywords: Social, Enhancing, Quality Classroom, Instructional Delivery, Students, Colleges of Education.

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ASSESSMENT OF ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONS IN TIE AND DYE AMONG UNDERGRADUATE EMPLOYABILITY IN FUNAAB

 

*AKINYELE, SAMUEL TAIWO **AKINYELE, ESTHER FEYISAYO & *OJO, ANTHONIA FUNMILAYO

*Dept. of Entrepreneurial Studies, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria **Dept. of Business Administration, School of Postgraduate Studies, Crawford University Igbesa, Ogun State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Adire textile is a resist-dyed cloth produced and worn by the Yoruba people from the Souh-Western Nigeria in West Africa. The Yoruba label  adire which simply means “tie and dye” and it was first applied to indigo-dyed cloth decorated which resist patterns around the turn of the 20th century. This study is based on the assessment of entrepreneurial intentions in tie and dye among undergraduates students employability in FUNAAB. Stratified randon sampling was used to select 100 respondents from Federal University of Agriculture (FUNAAB) which is the study area. Data were analyzed using statistical tool suh as correlation and regression analysis in testing hypotheses and analysis of variance (ANOVA) which helped in the interpretation of result. There is positive relationship between personality trait and  employability in tie and dye, since the correlation value is high at 46.6% (0.466) and the p value of 0.000 is less than 0.01(Sig. level). Also, the analysis of variance (ANOVA) table shows the Fcal 29.245 at 0.000 significant level, the table shows that family backgroung determines undergraduate employability on tie and dye, which also explained 24.5% of (R Square+ 0.245) and the value 0.000) is less than 0.05. While, the p-value of 0.000 shows that it less than 0.1(Sig. leve;) which means that there is statistical significant positive correlation of undergraduates entrepreneurial education towards their employability on tie and dye, and the correlation value is low at 5.13% (0.513). In conclusion, the study revealed how important entrepreneurial intention is to tie and dye among undergraduate students employability in Funaab. The study therefore recommends that undergraduate should be  educated on how tie and dye will be significant towards their employability, policy maker should ensure the implementation of policy on future development of entrepreneurial programs for undergraduates in order to reduce the rate of unemployment and increase standard of living.

Keywords: Adire, Employability, Textile, Tie and dye, South western, Yoruba people, Nigeria

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PSYCHOLOGICAL ADOLESCENT AND RISKY TAKING BEHAVIORS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS AND BEYOND IN YOBE STATE

 

AHMED TAHIR ADAMU KOKI

Faculty of Arts and Education, Yobe State University Damaturu

 

Abstract

The onset of sexual maturity creates problems for adolescents. It is this vein that this paper discusses about Adolescent and risky taking behaviors. The paper discusses the characteristic of adolescent and also state some types of risking adolescent behavior which are drug abuse, early pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease, self injurious behaviors, violence and suicide driving related risks etc. but the paper will stressed on sexually transmitted diseases (STDS) and early pregnancy. The paper concluded and make the following suggestions; parent should engage in discussing sexual related issue with adolescent children, government should make sex education compulsory at senior secondary level In order to create awareness on dangers of sexually related diseases and early pregnancy.

Keywords: Psychological, Adolescent, Behaviors, Secondary School Students, Beyond, Yobe State.

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EXTENT OF INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION IMPLEMENTATION IN RELATION TO TEACHERS’ JOB PERFORMANCE

 

SHEENA MAE T. COMIGHUD

EDD Candidate, Foundation University, Philippines

 

Abstract

The study aimed to determine the extent of implementation of instructional supervision and its relationship to teachers’ job performance. The survey was descriptive and correlational in nature. It utilized the percentage, mean, weighted mean, and Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient. The study revealed that three-fourths of the teachers were considered experienced. Most of them earned master’s degree units and at the time of the survey were classified as Teacher I in their position held. The study also found out that the extent of implementation of instructional supervision as perceived by the Experienced Teachers was “very high”        in terms of the following aspects: (a) concept and purpose of instructional supervision                            = (wx̄=4.55); (b) planning and preparations for instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.38);                        (c) organization and implementation of instructional supervision  = (wx̄=4.58);                                (d) dialogue and discussion in post-instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.50); and                                   (e) satisfaction with and evaluation of instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.23). Likewise, the extent of implementation of instructional supervision as perceived by the Novice Teachers was also “very high” based on how they rated their instructional supervisors in the following aspects: (a) concept and purpose of instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.35);                       (b) organization and implementation of instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.29) ; and                           (c) dialogue and discussion in post-instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.21).  In addition, a moderate relationship was found to exist between the teachers’ job performance evaluation and the extent of implementation of instructional supervision        in the following aspects: (a) concept and purpose of instructional supervision rs=0.311;                      (b) planning and preparations for instructional supervision rs=0.309; and (c) satisfaction with and evaluation of instructional supervision rs=0.322. In conclusion, the positive correlation means that the perceived extent of implementation of instructional supervision on the abovementioned variables is directly proportional with job performance evaluation.

Keywords: Extent of Implementation, Instructional Supervision, Job Performance Evaluation, Department of Education, Bayawan City Division

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TEACHING AND LEARNING CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION IN NIGERIA IN THE 21ST CENTURY: A PARADIGM SHIFT.

 

VEN. EGESI JONATHAN CHIDOMERE, EGESI JULIET ADAKU (Mrs.), DIKE  UCHECHI & IHEBOM SHARON EL-BENITA (ALVAN)

Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo-Ohaji, Owerri-Nigeria.

 

Abstract

Every society as far as the world is concerned today have come to reckon the importance of literacy. Education, teaching and learning embedded have permeated through the nooks and cranny of every aspect of the human society. That is to say that every aspect make use of education knowingly or inadvertently. Whichever one is the case, it is necessary but one other appalling aspect is that irrespective of all the teaching and learning taking place, every now and then, the spirit of citizenship or patriotism is still missing, which have scuffled our developmental efforts. The question remains what must be done to right our wrongs? It has been discovered that something serious is worrisome in our value system. Another is if patriotism must be promoted it must necessarily begin with our leaders and this seem to be lacking. This have necessitated this study. Some data collection techniques as oral interviews, use of questionnaire, journals, textbooks and the internet were consulted in the course of this work. Some theories of teaching and learning were examined from which one was chosen for theoretical foundation. The work concluded with the scholars insisting that patriotic spirit is definitely needed in Nigeria like in elsewhere.

Keywords: Teaching, Learning, Citizenship, 21st Century.

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DEVELOPING VALUE AND MORAL BEHAVIOR USING REINFORCEMENT TOOLS AMONG THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

 

*HASSAN SALEH *MUKTARI MUSA AND **ADAMU ABUBAKAR MUHAMMAD

*School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State Nigeria. **School of Art and Social Science, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State Nigeria

 

Abstract

The paper examined developing values and moral behavior for sustainable development. It highlighted some theories of moral development, attitudes of parents towards moral development we learnt that present problems that our society is going through today are as a result of the negligence of child training by the past generation of parents. The present generation of parents should therefore wake up to their responsibility of child training to prevent a total collapse of morality, tranquility and security. The paper made suggestions on using reinforcement tool, to reduce some unwanted behavior among the growing children of primary school level, in carrying out the task of child training, child psychologist talk of miracle tools such as reinforcement, extinction. The law of reinforcement was formulated many years ago by the first educational psychologist, E. L. Thorndike. The law states that; Behavior which achieves desirable consequences will recur. This means if an individual likes what happens as a result of his behavior, he will be inclined to repeat that act. This is the method that can improve moral behavior for sustainable development in our society. The paper has recommend that; parents should develop the behavior of acceptance and appreciation of their children, provide a basic needs (food, care, attention, education, and dignity, parents should also, maintain instruction, assignment, supervision and encouragement.

Keywords: Development, Value, Moral, Behavior, Reinforcement, and Children

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E-LEARNING INITIATIVE IN FEDERAL COLLEGES OF EDUCATION TEACHING FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

 

MARYAM BASHIR AMINU AND TALATU SHEHU

Department of Library and Information Science, Federal College of Education Zaria

 

Abstract

The paper is centered on E-learning initiative in federal college of education teaching for sustainable development, E-learning has become increasingly prominent in tertiary education and non act as catalyst of transformation the major highlight of the paper. Include: concept of E-learning, E-learning provide and enrolment, E-learning strategies and rationales, impact of teaching E-learning , IT infrastructure, the paper identify constraint to teaching E-learning which include: inadequate power supply fund, technical no-how among others, the paper recommend orientation of student of ICT gadget, acquisition of ICT skills by teachers and also provision of ICT facilities of Federal Colleges of Education in Nigeria.

Keywords:  E-Learning, Initiative, Federal Colleges of Education, Teaching, Sustainable Development

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INSTITUTIONAL GOVERNANCE AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT IN THE FIRST GENERATION UNIVERSITIES IN SOUTH WEST NIGERIA

 

*AYODELE OLUWAKAYODE ARIYO (Ph.D) AND **OLUWATOYIN AFOLAKE EDAFIOGHO (Ph.D)

*Department of Physical and Health Education, School of Science, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo, Nigeria. **Department of Educational Adminisrtation and Planning, School of Education, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo, Nigeria

 

Abstract

The study focused on institutional governance and conflict management in the first generation universities in South west Nigeria. It is against this background that the ensuing paper sought to consider the relative contribution of communication and participative leadership on conflict management in south west Nigeria universities. This study adopted the descriptive survey research design of ex-post facto type. The research data was collected through a self-developed structured and validated questionnaire namely: Institutional Governance and Conflict Management Questionnaire (IGCMQ) which were designed for members of ASUU, SSANU and NASU; and Student Participation and Conflict Management Questionnaire (SPCMQ) which was designed for the students. Both questionnaires were divided into three sections. The simple frequency count and percentages were used to describe age and gender distribution of respondents while mean, standard deviation and one way ANNOVA were used to test the significance of each hypothesis at 0.05 alpha level. Two hypotheses were formulated and were both significant (p<0.05). The results obtained showed that the total average mean of the perception of the level of communication is relatively high (Mean=2.9137) while, the perception of the level of participative leadership in institutional governance in indices is also relatively high (Mean=2.7272). The conclusion of the study was that the institutional governance indices of communication and participative leadership examined, contributed substantially to conflict management in the first generation universities in south west, Nigeria albeit in varying degrees. Based on the findings, recommendations that could reduce conflicts in Nigeria universities suggested.

Keywords: Conflicts, Institutional governance, communication, participative leadership and Student unrest.

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IMPACT OF PRIOR KNOWLEDGE OF BEHAVIOURAL OBJECTIVES ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BIU, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA

 

*ABDUL MOHAMMED *MOHAMMED HAMMAN BARKA, *OKUNWE O. NICHOLAS AND **GONI SHETTIMA

*College of Education Waka Biu, Biu, Borno State. **Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri, Borno State.

 

Abstract

This study aimed at investigating the impact of prior knowledge of behavioural objectives of a lesson on students’ academic performance in Biu local Government Area Borno state.  A quasi experimental pretest – posttest – control group design was used for the study.  Four groups (comprising 360 senior secondary two (SS11) students from Biu Community Secondary School in Borno State were taught for 6 weeks of 14 sessions. Three of the groups were prior-presented with objectives on topics in English at different time intervals before each lesson while the control group was taught without prior knowledge of behavioural objectives. Test instrument, Researcher made performance Test (RMPT), comprised of a 35 item multiple choice questions, was administered one week before the teaching session as pretest and 5 weeks after the teaching session as posttest. Data collected was analyzed by Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and Schefe’s pairwise comparisons at 0.05 alpha levels. The result showed an initial mean difference (ID) of 3.87 at pretest level for the treatment and the control group and a net mean difference (NMD) of 2.96. The net mean difference showed there was a gain for the treatment group. Also there was no significant gender difference on academic performance of students taught with prior knowledge of behavioural objectives and those taught without it in the ( experimental and the control group). Table 4.2 on gender (F3), F=0.202, df(1,359),p-value= 0.653, partial eta square =0.001. Since p=0.6537>0.005, it means there is no significant difference on gender, therefore, Null hypothesis H02 is accepted. The partial eta square 0.001 shows there is no effect of gender on academic performance in senior secondary schools in Biu local area Borno state.

Keywords: behavior objectives, academic performance, and prior knowledge

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EFFECT OF DEMONSTRATION AND DISCUSSION METHODS ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN THE 21ST CENTURY, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

 

*DEBORAH BULUS ALKALI AND **S. U. EL-YAKUB (PhD)

*Department of Curriculum and Instrucrtion, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya Kafanchan **Division of Teacher Education, Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

 

Abstract

The study was carried out to determine the “Effect of Demonstration and Discussion Methods on Senior Secondary School Students Academic Performance in Agricultural science in Kaduna State”. The study was carried out with Two objectives which were: to find out if there is any difference in the academic performance of students taught Agricultural Science with the use of demonstration and discussion methods in senior secondary schools  in Kaduna state, Nigeria: and to compare the academic performance of students taught vegetative propagation in plants with the use of demonstration and discussion methods in senior secondary schools in Kaduna state, Nigeria. Two research questions and two null hypotheses were raised to guide the study. Relevant literatures were reviewed on the key variables of the study. The study adopted quasi experimental design in which pre-test and post-test was used. The target population for the study was made up of forty-nine thousand five hundred and sixty-one (49,561) public Senior Secondary Schools Two (SSII) students who were offering Agricultural Science in the twelve (12) Educational Zones in Kaduna State. The sample size of the study was one hundred and thirty three (133) Senior Secondary Schools Two (II) Students offering Agricultural Science in Kafanchan Education Zone. The sample was arrived at using purposive sampling technique. The instrument that was used for data collection in this study was a 40-item “Agricultural Science performance Test” (ASPT) designed by the researchers. The data obtained from the study were analysed using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (t-test). Findings from the study revealed that; there is no significant difference between the academic performance of students taught Agricultural Science with the use of demonstration and discussion methods. Similarly the study revealed that Senior Secondary School Students in Kaduna State, taught vegetative propagation in plants with the use of demonstration method, performed significantly better than those taught using discussion method It was concluded from the findings of the study that demonstration and discussion methods of teaching enhance better performance of students in Agricultural Science and Vegetative propagation in plants. Recommendations were made to include: Teachers should make use of demonstration method of teaching in senior secondary schools to enhance academic performance of students in Agricultural Science. Preference should not be given to demonstration method of teaching than discussion method in teaching vegetative propagation in secondary schools so as to improve students’ academic performances.

Keywords: Demonstration, Discussion, Methods, Senior Secondary School, Students’ Academic Performance, Agricultural Science.

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STRATEGIES FOR ENHANCING TEACHING AND LEARNING OF HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN NIGERIA

 

OKONMAH FAITH C

Department of Home Economics, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare Bauchi State

 

Abstract

This study examined the strategies for enhancing effective teaching and learning process of Home Economics Education in Secondary School. Home Economics Education provides potentials for building students’ capabilities for self-reliant and self-employment. Wide range of subject curriculum, unequipped laboratories, inadequate funding, lack of instructional materials, poor attitude and preparation of teaching the subject, lack of professional teachers among others constitute major factors that hinder effective teaching and learning process of the subject. The findings of the study points out some of the fundamental strategies for promoting effective teaching and learning of Home Economics Education which include: restructuring of subject curriculum, in-house training for teachers, scholarship scheme for students, provision of internet service in school environment, equipment of laboratories to mention but few. The study argues that implementing the above strategies is the sure way of improving effective teaching and learning of the subject in the country. The following recommendations were made: provision of instructional materials, equipping home economics laboratories, implementation of  scholarship scheme for home economics students to be implemented by Government, Non-Governmental Organization and host community as well as strict supervision carried out by Area Educational Secretary to ensure that school abide with educational policy in the country. 

Keywords: Home Economics Education, Secondary School, Learner, Teacher, Strategies

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BROWSING: INFORMATION SEEKING TECHNIQUES IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES

 

DANIEL M. MARKE

Federal Polytechnic Bali Library, Taraba State

 

Abstract

This article examines the main characteristics of browsing as an information seeking strategy and discusses the advantages and limitations of indirect search approaches for answering information problems. A range of browsing strategies are examined with reference to specific browsing facilities available in bibliographic and full-text information retrieval systems, online library catalogues and the Web. Emphasis is placed on the significant role of browsing in the information seeking process, which although it has not attracted the same interest as more analytical keyword search strategies are equally valuable technique for identifying pertinent information. This article is based on desktop review of relevant literature and the author’s views.

Keywords: Information, Libraries, Browsing  Seeking,  Techniques

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THE ROLE SOCIAL MEDIA (FACEBOOK) IN ENHANCING ACADEMIC LIBRARY SERVICES IN NIGERIA; A STUDY OF FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECGNOLOGY, MINNA, NIGER STATE.

 

KEFAS GILBERT.

Department Of Library, Federal Polytecchnic Bali, Taraba State.

 

Abstract

The study examines the role social media (facebook)in enhancing academic library services in Nigeria; a study of federal university technology Minna, niger state. it focused on the use of facebook as a tool to enhance library practice and skills. Facebook is a widely used social media outlet. The study maintained that using Facebook as a contemporary medium is estimated to go a long way to positively enhance the library skills and usage by students and staff of the federal university of technology academic library Minna, Niger state, Nigeria (FUTMINNA).  Today, there are various types of social media which is accessible for library usage. However, in developing countries, the situation is not the same. In addition, challenges in monitoring and use of the social media are highlighted.  If this social media is adopted in the library, it will help university students and staff in terms of research and knowledge acquisition.   Its importance is to help the academic library to foster good relationship with students, staff and host community. It is now clear that Facebook was chosen for federal university of technology academic library Minna (FUTMINNA), because it brings users together in term of sharing of information and communicate to its customers very well.  Facebook is the most widely used social media among the various types of social network outlets. The study concludes that when Facebook is introduced in the academic library, it will enhance services. It informs students and staff of new arrival information resources in the library through facebook site. This phenomenon will also create a room for users to explore their interest or situations with other library customers. It will also provide online support communications abilities and knowledge among students and staff. It is a development to the host community.

Keywords: Social Media, Academic Libraries, Service, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Enhancing

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NEED FOR TEACHING MORAL EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF ASKIRA/UBA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BORNO STATE)

 

DANIEL MOSES

Fhi360, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

This project work examined the need for teaching moral education in primary schools.  Research was carried out on some selected primary schools in Askira/Uba Local Government Area of Borno State and interviewed made in h class teachers and L.E.A. staff together with some parents.  The findings showed that there is need for teaching oral education in primary schools in Askira/Uba Local Government Area of Borno State, because children, particularly those in the primary schools are still in their moral developmental stage and if not properly guided may lead to cases of violence and crimes which brings about moral decadence in the society.  It is recommended that government should include the teaching if moral education in school curriculum and school time table so as to enable the youth to have sound moral character and training.

Keywords: Need, Teaching, Moral Education, Primary Schools, Teachers

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SELF EFFICACY, LOCUS OF CONTROL, SELF ASSESSMENT OF MEMORY ABILITY AND STUDY HABIT AS PREDICTORS OF PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS.

   

 OLUMUYIWA S. ABIADE1, AKINSOLA M. KOLAWOLE2, SULEIMAN R.1 AND ADEMUWAGUN A.1

1Federal College of Forestry Mechanization, P.M.B 2273, Afaka Kaduna, Nigeria. 2Department of Science and Technology Education, University of Ibadan

 

Abstract

It has been observed by several authors that students entering teacher education programs have preconceptions about teaching Mathematics based on their prior experiences as students. These experiences as it were create the intending teachers self-efficacy and belief about Mathematics which will eventually have a powerful impact on the practice of teaching, learning and over all achievement of their students in Mathematics. Therefore, this study is aimed at investigating self-efficacy, locus of control, self-assessment of memory ability and study habit as a predictor of pre-service teachers’ achievement in Mathematics. The design employed in this study is an ex-post facto type. The sample consists of 147 pre-services teachers purposively selected from two colleges of education within Oyo State. Four standardized instrument were used to collect data on Mathematics teaching efficacy belief, locus of control, memory self-efficacy and study habits. The reliability coefficients of each instrument used are stated thus: 0.69, 0.86, 0.90 and 0.88. Three research questions were proposed in the study and the data collected were analyzed with multiple regression. The study revealed that positive significant correlation (.427) exists between achievement in Mathematics and Locus of Control while a negative correlation (.-467) exists between Achievement in Mathematics and Study Habit. Similarly it was observed that no significant correlation exist between self-efficacy, self assessment of memory ability and achievement in Mathematics respectively. Furthermore the regression analysis of the data revealed that the four predictor variables contributed 36.90% to achievement in Mathematics. The analysis of variance also yielded an F-ratio of 20.764 which was significant at 0.05 levels. Hence they are good predictors of achievement in Mathematics. In addition, the study also revealed the relative contributions of each of the independent variables to the prediction of achievement in Mathematics thus; self-efficacy (b=.146), Locus of control (b=.345), Study habit (b=.-458) and each was significant at 0.05 level, while self assessment of memory ability (b=.018) was not significant. Implications for pre-service Mathematics teacher education were also discussed

Keywords: Self Efficacy, Locus of Control, Self-Assessment of Memory Ability, Study Habit, Achievement in Mathematics.

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ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSE VS GENERAL ENGLISH –AN OVERVIEW OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIA

 

YAKUBU ISHAKU MAAJI

General Studies Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bali, PMB 05 Bali, Taraba State

 

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to explore English as English for General Purposes (EGP) and English for Specific/Academic Purposes (ESP/EAP) courses in terms of their perceptions in writing skills. Therefore it is prepared to address the key differences between English for academic purpose (EAP) and General English (GE) which mainly focused on the type of language use in both areas. The concept of EAP is about the language in connection to the fields which learners demand to enable them to become experts in a particular discipline associated to English in higher institution. The aim of EAP which is regarded as a branch of ELT, is to help learners to study precise linguistic features focused on specific discipline to practice in higher educational institution that has to do with study or work through English as a channel of communication (See Gillett, A. 2012). The purpose of EAP course sometimes is the issue of a specification which is suggested as a line of distinction between what is called English for General Academic purpose (EGAP) and English for a specific Academic purpose (ESAP). Going by the EGAP approach practitioners intend to specify some skills (Listening, reading, and writing) which include language and some activities (supervisions, seminars and tutorials) to be thought or learned on a common ground in all academic disciplines such as business, Law, medicine, Linguistics, ELT and many more (Dudley-Evans and St John 1998: 41, cited in K. Hyland 2006 p: 9). On the contrary, ESAP focuses on teaching skills and possibly with language that is directly connected to the needs of a specific academic endeavour which made the similarities among the disciplines possible but with a high number of differences (See EGAP approach, in K. Hyland 2006 p: 9). Therefore, the main focus of this paper is to draw a distinction between English for the Academic purpose (EAP) and General English (GE) in terms of language area and skill-based approach underpins the study. Implication and prospect are addressed.

Keywords: English for academic Purpose, General English, Tertiary institutions

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ADULT INSTRUCTORS’ PERCEPTION ON CONSTRAINTS OF QUALITY OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION AND SERVICES DELIVERY FOR SPECIAL ADULT LEARNERS IN ABUJA: COUNSELLING IMPLICATION

 

SUSSANA ZUBAIRU

Institute of Technology & Innovation, Minna, Niger State.

 

Abstract

This study investigates adult instructors’perception on constraints of quality of inclusive education and service delivery of adult learners in Gwagwalada and Kuje Local Councils in Abuja, Federal Capital Territory. 60 instructors were used for the study out of the population of all the instructors in the 6 local councils in Abuja. The instrument used for the study was titled “Constraints of Quality of Inclusive Education and Service Delivery for Special Adult Learners.”(CQIESDSAL). The content validity of the instrument was conducted by two experts and reliability of 0.78 was obtained. Means, mean scores and t-test analysis were used for decision making for the results. There were no significant differences between the two hypotheses.Responses on constraints of quality of inclusive education and service delivery were all accepted. Some of the items that constitute constraints include, among otherthings; absence of effective continuous assessment; appointment of instructors on temporary basis, no attractive salaries; irregular payment of salaries, no stable learning centres; books are not provided by government; learners beg about for sustenance, no regular attendance, to mention a few.Recommendations presented were that counsellors should be posted to all learning centres, provision of enough staff and instructional materials, permanent centres be established, community-based counselling, staff training, involvement of humanitarian associations be effectively used through the media to ensure effective implementation of literacy for special adult learners

Keywords: Adult Instructors, Constraints, Quality Education, Inclusive Education, Counselling Implication

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EFFECTS OF CONFERENCE METHOD ON THE ACHIEVEMENT OF SENIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS IN PUNCTUATION IN JOS NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA

 

*ECHOGA, BARTHOLOMEW ONYILO PhD & **OKWOR, IRENE NKASIOBI PhD

*Federal Government College, Jos, Nigeria. **Department of Arts Education, University of Jos, Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the effects of conference method on the achievement of senior secondary students in punctuation in Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau State. The research was motivated by the poor performance of senior students in written composition. One research question and a hypothesis guided the study. A quasi-experimental design, specifically the pretest posttest non-equivalent control group design was employed for the study. The sample comprised eighty students randomly selected from two public secondary schools while the population was 3,433 senior secondary I students in 20 Government public secondary schools in the Local Government Area. The sample was randomly assigned to experimental conditions.  Expository Composition Writing Test  (ECWT) and Narrative Composition Writing Test (NCWT) were used to collect data. The data collected were analysed using mean, standard deviation and t-test statistics. The results indicated that there was a significant difference between the mean score achievement of the experimental and control groups in punctuation. It was recommended, based on the findings of the research that the conference method should be adopted by teachers of English Language to teach written composition and English teachers should focus on specific writing skills.

Keywords: writing, written composition, punctuation, central idea, conferencing.

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