12th Academic Conference on Scientific and Socio-Cultural Researches
Date: 30th – 31st March, 2017.
Venue: Kano State University of Science and Technology, Wudil, Kano State, Nigeria.
A FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF NIGERIAN ENGLISH
TAKIM AJOM OKONGOR,
Faculty of General Studies, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State.
This work is a functional Analysis of Nigerian English. The internets, library research, the researcher’s knowledge of the language and vast experience on English usage were used as sources of data. The aim of this study is to discuss the place of Nigerian English as distinct from other varieties of English such as South African English, Indian English, Ghanaian English, Kenyan English etc. The findings reveal linguistic features (phonological,morphological,lexical,semantic and syntactic)that indicate that English language has emerged and been made adoptive to some linguistic and cultural peculiarities in Nigeria. In other words, English language having left its ancestral home has resulted to different varieties in order to accommodate the culture and traditions of its adopted homes. The conclusion is that Nigerian English attempts to make the European language(British English) bear the weight of African imagination, worldview and sensibilities.
Keywords: Nigerian English, Pidgin English, Broken English, Linguistic features, lexicon.
LOAD BALANCING IMPROVEMENT IN VARIOUS USER DISTRIBUTION LTE ADVANCED HETNETS THROUGH A HYBRID CHANNEL-GAIN ACCESS-AWARE CELL SELECTION SCHEME
AJAGBONNA BABATUNDE, ABDOULIE TEKANYI, MAN-YAHAYA, ALIYU GADAM
Department of Electrical and computer Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
Long Term Evolution (LTE)-Advanced Heterogeneous Networks (HetNets) deployment was introduced to address the increasing demand for Quality of Service (QoS), high data rates, and coverage extension. However, load balancing still remains a critical problem in HetNets. Adopting the conventional Reference Signal Receive Power (RSRP)-based cell selection in HetNets causes most user equipment (UE) to connect with the Macro eNodeBs (MeNBs) due to their higher transmit power as against that of the Pico eNodeBs (PeNBs), thus leading to serious load imbalance in HetNets. Therefore, this hybrid algorithm combined the channel gain-aware and the access-aware cell association metrics as a single metric for UE to base station association in LTE-Advanced HetNets deployment scenarios. The scenarios considered are the HetNets configuration 1 with uniform user distribution, which comprises of 4 PeNBs and 25 uniformly distributed UEs and configuration 4b of hotspot distribution, which comprises of 4 PeNBs and 30 UEs, two-third of which are clustered around the the PeNBs as defined by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) standard. The developed Hybrid Channel Gain Access Aware (HCGAA) scheme improved load balancing performance by 25.4% and 12.1%, respectively compared with the 3GPP RSRP and RSRP +CRE cell selection. Also, an enhanced pico connection ratio of up to 1.40 times and 1.21 times that of the RSRP and RSRP +CRE cell selection schemes was achieved by the HCGAA algorithm. These improvements translate to the efficient utilization of the network resource and prevent crowding of certain cells in the network.
Keywords: Heterogeneous networks, LTE-Advanced, cell selection, load balancing, pico connection ratio, uniform and hotspot LTE configurations
STATISTICAL STUDIES OF ENERGY DISSIPATION IN THE IONOSPHERE: JOULE HEATING AND ELECTRON PRECIPITATION
AHMADU MUHAMMAD ALIYU
Department of Physics, Gombe State Unisversity,Nigeria
The energy dissipation in the ionosphere resulting from the geomagnetic activity have caused an increasing number of major disruptions of important power and communication services, malfunctions and loss of expensive facilities,in this research the electron precipitation energy and joule heating energy were included in the computation of mean daily ionospheric energy dissipation using Østgaard’s empirical relation, hourly provisional data values of geomagnetic indices obtained from International Service for Geomagnetic Indices at World Data Centre for Geomagnetism, Kyoto, International Association for Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA)-2002 format was adopted in the study, under the assumption that the magnetosphere does not stored any energy, so that at the beginning of the event t1=0 and ends at t2=24hours. The estimated energy value was obtained as 1.414393E+07 ± 824154.1GJ which indicates the energy as the dominant channel of energy transfer from the solar wind and is consistent with many results that requires re-scaling of the energy input factor for accurate energy estimation
RURAL WOMEN AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN NIGERIA: ANALYSIS OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT PROGRAMMES IN THE 4TH REPUBLIC
IFEANYI NWAEBOH (PhD) AND GORDON COOL BOZIMO
*Liberty Centre for Human Rights and Sustainable Development, 68 Otiotio Road, Yenagoa **University of Port Harcourt, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political and Administrative Studies
This research investigated the political participation of rural women since the inception of Nigeria’s fourth republic in 1999 by analyzing state capacity building programmes that have empowered rural women as political voices in Nigeria’s geo-political space. The major purpose of the research is to discover to what extent women especially those dwelling in rural areas has been empowered to participate in politics. The research triangulated quantitative and qualitative research methods to improve the validity of findings.The research discovered that Nigerian women has been marginalized not just during pre-colonial and colonial periods but from independence till the period of the research. The study also discovered that women marginalization is extensive and have structures enabled by societal mores and laws. Despite empowerment programmes like poverty alleviation and National Economic Empowerment Development Strategy (NEEDS) programme, women remain politically marginalized in Nigeria due to political, cultural, religious and economic factors. Among other things the study recommended that Political parties should enforce gender quotas for party offices, political elections and appointments to achieve gender equity and affirmative action of 30% political representation by women. Also, the study recommended that Government should make and implement gender specific policies to educate women, and empower them with entrepreneurial skills and financial resources.
Keywords: Rural Women, Women Empowerment Programmes, Political Participation
PROFESSION TRACKS IN COMMERCIAL EDIFICATION FOR YOUTH LIBERATION AND SUSTAINABILITY IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA
1, ABRAHAM-IBE, I. G. 2, AMINU YAKUBU ABDULLAHI Ph.D
1, Department of Office Technology and Management, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria 2, Entrepreneurship Development Centre, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
The ultimate goal of business education is to enable the students have knowledge for and about business which will prepare them for life after graduation. Therefore, this paper sets out to highlight the various career paths/opportunities embedded in business education for youth empowerment and sustainability. The paper however, recommends the provision of certain resources which include well equipped career information centres, more financial aids from government and private individuals, ICT Laboratories for schools to enable them produce skilled and practically-oriented graduates who will be employable globally or empowered to face the current economic challenges of the country.
Keyword: Career Path, Business education, Empowerment, Sustainability
MANAGING THE CHALLENGES OF NATIONAL INSECURITY FOR SUSTAINABLE BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION
*MRS ASMAU SANI MAIKUDI PH.D *ADAMU MOHAMMED **S.O. ALEGE
*Department of Social Sciences, Kaduna Polytechnic,kaduna **Department Of Political Sciences, Kogi State University, Ayingba, Kogi State.
The 21st century Nigeria is dominated by new threats of insecurity such as organized crime, trafficking and civil unrest which have continued to occupy centre stage in the nation and hinders sustainable business and technological transformation. Using secondary method of data collection and analysis, the paper therefore distilled that, the idea of strengthening legitimate institutions and governance to provide citizen security, justice and jobs is a critical issue that requires solemn commitment by any responsive government irrespective of the system or regime in operation. This is because there is a strong correlation between security, business and technological development. This paper recommends the need for restoring confidence, transforming institutions, providing specialized assistance, acting regionally to reduce external/internal stresses on the current fragile state of the nation as a road-map to sustainable business and technological transformation of Nigeria.
Keywords: Insecurity, Business, Technology, Transformation