African Scholar Journal of Humanities and Social Science (AJHSS)
Vol. 12 No.4 2018 ISSN 2110–2086
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.
Copyright © 2018 African Scholar Publications and Research International.
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Internal Crisis and Welfare of Internally Displaced Children in Nigeria: The Role of the Media
*Mozie, Chisom Ejiofor, *Nwosu, Julius Chibuike, *Ifeobu, Adaku Chinwe **Kwase, Audu Dogari *Echeazu, Uche Blessing
*Mass Communication Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, PMB 5025, Awka **Mass Communication Department, Taraba State University, PMB 1167, Jalingo
Against the backdrop of the multifarious challenges faced by internally displaced persons particularly children, this paper examined the media’s role in the quest to cater for the wellbeing of internally displaced children in Nigeria. Situated within the framework of agenda setting theory, the paper argued that the media, given their agenda setting power, are in a position to carry out this vital task particularly through carrying out publicity on the plights and needs of internally displaced children, proactive dissemination of information, surveillance in relation to welfare of internally displaced children, education and enlightenment of parents and other carers of the displaced children, advocacy and post-crisis coverage. The paper recommended that empirical studies should be carried out on media coverage of internally displaced children in Nigeria for a better insight into the performance of the media in this area.
Key words: Internally displaced persons, children, media
Appraisal of Corporate Social Responsibility and Responsiveness of Commercial Banks during the Wukari Crises.
Thomas A. Alemoh Ph.D
Department of Theatre/Media Arts, Federal University, Lafia, Nasarawa State
This paper affirms that every business organization strives to maintain a cordial relationship with its customers who are usually defined, in the parlance of Public Relations, as external publics. In a bank for instance, most customers are depositors while the bank, as the custodian of whatever is deposited, is duty bound to make the deposited item available to the depositor at an agreed time, all things being equal. The question is: what happens in a situation when the depositor is denied access to the deposited item, not because of any fault of his, but as a result of the organization’s decision to protect its own interest without due regard to the interest of the customer? This was the scenario in Wukari reviewed in this paper using an analytical approach complemented with a survey. The paper observes that the withdrawal of services permanently by some banks in Wukari during and after the crises that engulfed the town between 2013 and 2015 worsened the plight of the customers and amounts to a breach of their corporate social responsibility and responsiveness to the host community.
Keywords: Wukari, corporate social responsibility, corporate social responsiveness, Wukari crises, commercial banks in Wukari.
Role of Mother Tongue in the Teaching and Learning of Science in Basic Education 1-3: A Case Study of Taraba State
Ali, Ahmadi Alkali (Ph.D)
Department of Languages and Linguistics, Taraba State University, Jalingo.
The rationale behind the use of mother tongue in the teaching and learning of elementary education has been acknowledged world over. This is based on the feelings that mother tongue improves communicative skills and learning ability of the pupils. This study sought to underscore the role of mother tongue in the teaching and learning of science in Basic Education 1-3 in Taraba State. In order to achieve the aims of study, 2 research questions and 2 null research hypotheses guided the study. Base-line data, sit-in observations, needs-based workshops, Pre-test and Post-Test were used for data collection from 90 respondents were randomly selected. The 2 null hypotheses were tested and rejected using t-test statistics at 0.01 significance level statistics. The study revealed that mother tongue enhances pupils’ academic achievement in sciences and also benefit teachers’ capability in using mother tongue for effective teaching at Basic Education level. It was recommended that government should organize training and retraining programme for teachers so as to better develop them for effective use of mother tongue in teaching and learning of sciences.
Keywords: Mother tongue, mode of instruction, sciences, basic education, pupils.
Domestic Violence: A Study of Igbesa Community of Ogun State
Matthias Olufemi Dada Ojo (Ph.D.), Amos Olutunde Abisoye (Ph.D.s) and Damilola Deborah Olatunbosun
Department of Sociology, Crawford University of the Apostolic Faith Mission, Igbesa, Ogun State.
Domestic violence is a burden on numerous sectors of the social system and quietly, yet dramatically, affects the development of a nation. The study therefore investigates women and experience of domestic violence in Igbesa semi-urban community of Ogun State. The study employed survey design, using quantitative method. Convenience sampling was utilized to select respondents who participated. Fifty respondents took part in the study. Simple percentage tables were utilized to analyze the data. Findings show that 62.0% of the respondents who participated in the study described their husband to be loving husbands. The study revealed that the commonest physical assault of domestic violence was wife battering (beating), which accounted for 16.0% of entire respondents. The study also discovered that 26.0% of the respondents had been verbally abused in the past. Using force or other means to control the material possessions also featured as one of the forms of domestic violence. Just only 8.0% of the respondents who participated in the study affirmed such act from their husbands. Regarding making reports, only 4.0% of respondents reported incidence of the physical assaults they suffered from their husbands to relatives or their religious leaders. Reporting incidence of threats also featured in the study. Only 4.0% of respondents, who participated in the study reported the incidences of threat; 10.0% of respondents reported cases of verbal abuses suffered from their husbands; 8.0% reported to relatives and 2.0% reported to religious leaders. Finally, regarding incidences of extortion or forceful control of their money or material possession, 10.0% of the respondents reported such cases to their relatives. The study recommends that couples should be patient with one another and the parents should always teach their male child to be caring and loving and also the government should encourage women participation in public orientation The government should not only legislate concerning domestic violence; appropriate punitive measures should be taken against offenders. There should be strict enforcement prohibiting any form of marital or domestic violence.
Keywords: Abuse, couples, women, domestic violence, assaults.
University Education a Key to Background to Economic Recovery in Nigeria
Umar Muhammad (Ph.D), Sarkin Fada Halima (Ph.D)
Department of Educational Foundations, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
University education in Nigeria and indeed any other part of the world plays a crucial role in the supply of highly skilled manpower to manned different sectors of the nation’s economy. The gross under-funding of the education sector in the country has been rendering the university system incapacitated. This paper examined new trends in the funding of universities in Nigeria in order to avoid over-dependence on Government allocation. On the basis of this, issues such as, description of the Nigerian higher education system, financing higher education in Nigeria, problems of funding and utilization in Tertiary institutions in Nigeria, importance of adequate funding in universities in Nigeria, Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund) and finally University-Industry Partnership were discussed. This paper concluded that management of higher education in general and university education in particular has been bedeviled by inadequate funding. The Paper recommends that education sector should be adequately funded by allocating at least 30% to education sector and 50% of this allocation to universities and also sourcing internal revenue and individual contributions, corporate bodies should be encouraged. And finally it is recommended that a university/Industry Partnership should be established because it is a hall mark of national development and progress. This would give double benefit to industries by helping universities to produce graduates for their consumption.
Keywords: Education, Funding, Nigeria, Sustainable Development, Universities
The History of Kinship, Royal Burial and Tombs in Wimbumland of Cameroon since Pre-Colonial Era
Simon Tata Ngenge
History Department, the University of Bamenda.
Kinship is the most important and powerful political institution among the Wimbum ethnic group in Cameroon. The king (Fon) is believed to be semi-divine after his enthronement. Thus he is seen to be different from ordinary human beings in all aspects. His death and burial are treated in an extraordinary manner. He is never said to be dead, but that has gone on a journey. This concept of journey is reflected in the preparation of his tomb and burial. His continuous role as an ancestor and intermediary is also reflected in the care and reverent treatment accorded to his remains years after burial. Since it is only the Fon who is given this special treatment after death, this has greatly influenced the moral behaviour of the people, consequently, it has become a crucial element of social control and discipline.
Keywords: Kinship – institution – death – ancestor – people
Assessment of Nigeria’s Role in Peacekeeping Missions (1990-2016)
Mustapha Ayodele Haruna
Department of Social Sciences, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic Owo, Ondo State (Department of Political Science, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria).
This study examines the historical development by Nigeria’s peace-keeping missions under the auspices of the United Nations, OAU/AU and ECOWAS/ECOMOG. It x-rays the various challenges associated with the role of Nigeria’s peace-keeping missions from (1990-2016). It interrogates the efficacy of such involvement and engagement in the resolution of armed conflicts in sub-regional, regional and at the global level. The study adopts the use of secondary source of data obtained from relevant textbooks, journals, conference papers and internet materials with the aid of descriptive and narrative tools. The findings revealed that Nigeria’s role in peace-keeping mission faces challenges such as mandate problems, finance, manpower, difficult domestic politics, health and war crime issues. The paper therefore suggests the possible areas of improvement in order to overcome the challenges such as government intervention in training and retaining of Nigerian military personnel and troops in general, selection process for peacekeeping missions should be based on merit and competence, internal stable political environment and the concomitant modernization of her armed forces with the latest military equipments.
Keywords: Ceasefire, Crisis Management, Peace-keeping, Peace-building, Preventive Diplomacy.
Corperate, Individual Membership Rights And Liabilities Under The Nigeria Company Law: Comparative Analysis
Enakireru Eric Omo* & Omameren Patience David *
It has long been an established fact that companies are persons at law. And just as human persons are made up of different body parts or members, so a company is also made up of different members. Everybody part or member has its own functions and is equipped to perform these functions. This equipment can be seen from a legal perspective as the right of that member to do certain acts in furtherance of its functions and membership of the entire body, and also to be free from interference from other members. In this work, we shall be looking at the company as a body, focusing on its constituting corporate and individual membership rights and liabilities, the circumstances under which those rights can be said to have been infringed upon, these rights in relation to other members and organs, the pattern or kind and extent of liability to be borne by those liable and the remedies available to members whose rights have been infringed upon.The work further analysis the corporate and individual membership rights and liabilities, protection of minority rights, and investigation of company’s affairs at the instance of a member under the Nigeria Company law with that of other jurisdiction like English, United State of America, and China. This work will conclude that the Nigeria company law has made adequate and democratic provisions and procedures like personals actions in the case of personal membership rights and derivative action in the case of corporate member rights.
Keywords: Individual, Comparative, Membership, Liabilities Company.
The Effect of Denominationalism of the Church and the Need for Unity
Mamman Nathan Enos
Christian Religious Studies Department, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education, Maiduguri
The church since reformation has undergone dramatic change. It has metamorphosed from one single body into numerous bodies. The church today look more or less as financial institution which was fundamentally metamorphosed based on the motive of these denominationally formed bodies. The word divisions or denominations rightly fit the church. This is because a proper meaning of denomination defined the churches today. These divisions have identified the church/churches with different functions and motives. It has created an avenue for serious competition among church members. This paper identified the various causes of denominationalism; its effect and suggest possible ways of uniting these churches. It also highlighted the need for uniting of the church for which it was founded upon. Christ never wished that the church remain one body. It is never the wish of Christ that the church be divided but that all will be one.
Keywords: Effect, Denominationalism, Church, Need, Unity.
Insecurity Crisis in Nigeria: A Chronicle of one Death, Too Many
*Ebojele Akhere Patrick, **Odaro-Ekhuaguebor, Kelly & **Ihonre Josephine, (Mrs.)
*Department Of Public Administration, School Of Business Studies, Auchi Polythecnic, Auchi, Edo State **Department Of Mass Communications, Auchi Polythecnic, Auchi, Edo State ***Department Of Public Administration, School Of Business Studies, Auchi Polythecnic. Auchi, Edo State.
This paper attempts to chronicle the rising wave of death and destruction of property in the North East and other states of the federation following the upsurge of crime being perpetuated by Fulani herdsmen. The dimension of insecurity crisis in Nigeria reveals an increase overtime, which constitute serious threat to lives and property, hinders economic growth and development, hinders business activities and generally discourages local and foreign investors, all which stifles and retards Nigeria’s socio-economic development. This rising wave of insecurity has not been abated but has assumed a dangerous dimension which is now threatening the corporate existence of the country as one united entity.in the face of these challenges, the attitude of the government remains unsatisfactorily. To do this, this paper relies on secondary sources. It therefore recommends among others that government must be proactive in dealing with security issue and threats.
Keywords. Insecurity, crisis, security, Nigeria
Assessment of Public Policy Formulation and Implementation in Nigerian Local Governments
Ahmed Hamidu Maiha and Yahaya Mohammed Inuwa
College of Administrative and Business Studies, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola
Public policy is the process of articulating, formulating and implementing government developmental policies or intention and programs for the benefits of citizens. It is an attempt by government to address a public issue by instituting laws, regulations, decisions or action pertinent to the problem at hand with a view to enhancing standard of living of the people. This paper therefore, focused on assessing the formulation and implementation of public policies in the local governments. It was found out that public policy formulation and implementation is done only at federal and state government levels. It is therefore a recommended that for hope to be given to the grassroots is to ensure that there is a discussion forum or a constitutional review to look into public policy formulation and implementation in the local government and that government becomes more sensitive and responsive in formulation and implementation of public policy decisions that will touch the lives of the local populace directly.
Keywords: Public policy Policy formulation Policy implementation Local government.