African Scholar Journal of Contemporary Education Research (JCER)
Vol. 12 No.6 2018 ISSN – 2359–1991
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.
Copyright © 2018 African Scholar Publications and Research International.
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Augustine’s Perspective on Teacher-Student Relationship for Successful Educational Outcomes
Prof. Kanu Ikechukwu Anthony, O.S.A.
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University, Umunya, Anambra State.
In most schools, the teacher is understood as having the full responsibility of making decisions about what will be learned, how it will be learned, when it will be learned, and if the material has been learned. This is based on the assumption that learners need to know only what the teacher teaches them and that the teacher has nothing to learn from the student. The result is a scenario that actively promotes dependency on the instructor. This has also degenerated the educational system. In the face of these emerging problems, Saint Augustine’s perspective of teacher-student relationship assumes huge importance. This work, therefore, would study different dimensions of Saint Augustine’s perspectives on teacher-student relationship for the purpose of creating the appropriate atmosphere for learning. The hermeneutic method of inquiry would be employed.
Keywords: Augustine, Teacher, Student, Relations, Educational, Outcomes, Success
Gender Disparity and Career Selection among Secondary School Students in Ikorodu LGA of Lagos State
Nwobodo, Ijeoma Blessing
Department of Educational Foundations, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos
Gender disparity is one of the factors affecting career selection of students at secondary education level. In order to decipher the extent at which gender disparity impacts on career selection of secondary school students in Ikorodu local government area of Lagos state, two (2) research questions and one research hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. Descriptive design was adopted and researcher-developed questionnaire titled ‘Gender Disparity and Career Selection among Secondary School Students Questionnaire (GDCSSSSQ)’ was administered on three hundred (300) randomly selected respondents. The data collected were analyzed using percentage, mean, standard deviation and T-test at 0.5 significant level. The findings revealed that students’ role ascription, boys’ inclination towards sciences, girls’ inclination towards languages, commercial and humanities, as well as boys’ preferences in engineering and girls’ preferences in nursing and teaching influence career selection among secondary school students. The study further discovered that children are treated differently both at school and at home on the basis of their gender formation, which subsequently reflected in their career selection. It was therefore recommended that all students at secondary school level should be given equal opportunity and encouragement irrespective of gender status; and thatthe general public should desist from the act of job labeling for a particular sex. The paper concluded that some of the factors responsible for gender disparity could be dealt with provided respect for humanity and the task of nation building is practically keyed into by all and sundry. As this will help to have sufficient experts (both men and women) in all sectors of the society thereby improving on productivity and upholding the principle of women’s right and gender equality.
Keywords: Gender disparity, career selection, secondary students, gender formation, equity
An Evaluation of Workplace Communication an Academic Libraries: A Case Study of Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Library, Bauchi, Nigeria
Ishaya Dauda Marama & Abdulaziz Hamza
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Library, Bauchi
The paper studies the workplace communication in Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Library Bauchi. It employed the use of the questionnaire to study channel of communication used between superior officers and among colleagues and which channel most preferred. Other areas studied include the perception of staff about workplace communication and the challenges associated with communication in the library. It was discovered that staff prefer formal communication with their superior but communicate verbally with their colleagues. They agreed that communication from superior is adequate but not timely. However, the use of cell phones is not encouraging. The staffs are also comfortable with the channels of communication used in the library. The study recommends the use of cell phone in communication and improvement informal communication and formal communication should be timely.
Keywords: Academic libraries, communication, workplace communication, Information, organization.
Appraising Quality Management of University Education in Nigeria
*Umar Muhammad **Okonkwo Cecilia O. ***Abdullahi Umar Alhasan
*Department of Educational Foundations, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto **Department of Educational Foundations, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto ***Department of Adult Education & Extension Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
Ensuring Quality management of university education in Nigeria is of paramount importance due to the position of universities as the highest citadel of learning. University education in Nigeria and indeed any other part of the world plays a crucial role in the supply of highly skilled manpower to manned different sectors of the nation’s economy. Quality management in education is about all the various organized activities that culminate in the production of a given output that conforms to set standard. It is geared towards high standards and a zero-tolerance level for wastage in the educational enterprise. The gross under-funding of the education sector in the country has been rendering the university system incapacitated. This paper examines appraising Quality management of university education in Nigeria. On the basis of this, issues such as, University Education in Nigeria, Concept of Quality management in education, Role of National Universities Commission (NUC) for Quality Management of Nigerian Universities, University Management in Nigeria, Problems to Quality Management of Universities in Nigeria, Concept of Appraisal, and finally, concept of Quality management were discussed. This paper concluded that management of higher education in general and university education in particular has been bedeviled by inadequate funding, which has affected quality management of these institutions. The Paper recommends that education sector should be adequately funded by allocating at least 30% to education sector and 50% of this allocation to universities and also sourcing internal revenue and individual contributions, corporate bodies should be encouraged. And finally, it is recommended that a university/Industry Partnership should be established because it is a hall mark of national development and progress. This would give double benefit to industries by helping universities to produce graduates for their consumption.
Keywords: Appraisal, Nigeria, Quality Management, University Education.
The Potency of Entrepreneurship Education in Nigeria
*S.O. Onimole **J.A. Kolawole
*Department of Entrepreneurship, College of Management Sciences, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Osun State, Nigeria.**JABU Library, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Osun State, Nigeria
The study examines the potency of Entrepreneurship Education in meeting the challenges of growth, innovation and in generating employment in Nigeria. The study viewed Entrepreneurship education as a learning process that imbibes in the learner, the traits and competencies in leadership, problem solving, creativity, skill, knowledge, self direction and self management. The research design adopted was survey and documentary analysis. The survey involves the collection of data from existing records and finding of the opinion on the subjects through the use of structured questionnaire. Stratified sampling technique was used to select the respondents for the study. The instrument was validated and piloted-tested to ascertain the internal consistency using Cronbach Alpha. Data obtained were analyzed, using mean one-way analysis of variance, percentages and frequency count. A large majority of the respondents are of the view that entrepreneurship education provides, high potency for producing self-sufficiency individuals, increases the formation of new ventures, self-employment, development of new products, creative minds and enhances the knowledge, skills, behaviour and attitudes of individual students and entrepreneurs. Based on the findings, the study recommends among others the development of new sense of curiosity and a new dimension of administration of our centres of entrepreneurship education.
Keywords: Potency, Entrepreneurship Education, Efficacy of Entrepreneurship Education.
Attitude of French Students towards Reading of Francophone African Literature Texts in Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.
Akande, Olubukola Abosede (Mrs)
Department of French, School of Secondary Education (Language Programmes), Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.
This paper focused on reading attitude of French students in African literature courses in Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo in order to achieve the aim of French Educational objectives in Nigerian Colleges of Education. Three research questions, a 25-item instrument were employed, using 89 respondents and data were analyzed through simple percentage. The findings of this study have, therefore, proved reading to be vital tip to success and exposure strategy to political and socio-cultural life in French-speaking African nations.
Keywords: Attitudes, French Students, Reading, Francophone African literary texts, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education.
A Review of Teachers’ Job Satisfaction and Job Performance in Senior Secondary Schools: Jalingo Metropolis in Focus
Ruqayya, M. Sambo
Department Of Primary Education Studies, College Of Education, P.M.B 1021, Zing, Taraba State
Teacher is an essential variable in attainment of educational objectives at any level. It is therefore appropriate to say teachers’ job satisfaction is a pivotal point to teachers’ job performance. Based on this assertion, this paper reviews related literatures on teachers’ job satisfaction and job performance. A qualitative research design was employed to underscore the intersectional level between teachers’ job satisfaction and job performance. The conceptual matrix unraveled the facets of teachers’ job satisfaction that are required to improve teachers’ job performance. The paper concluded that teachers’ job satisfaction precedes job performance and recommended that Taraba state ministry of education should develop an involvement strategy to meet teachers’ satisfaction in order to improve their performance; and that there should be facilitation of performance related incentives for secondary school teachers so as to retain teachers’ satisfactory level.
Keywords: Teacher, student, job satisfaction, job performance, student performance
Attitude of Level 100 Students of Bauchi State University Gadau towards UTME Computer-Based Testing (CBT)
*Babayo Muhammad Othman and **Habibu Alhaji
*School of Remedial and Continuing Education, A.D Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria **Bayero University, Kano, Kano, Nigeria
This paper examined the attitude of 100 level students of Bauchi State University Gadau, towards the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) – Computer-Based Test (CBT). Four research hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Three hundred and thirteen (313) students were sampled from the total number of two thousand six hundred and seventy-nine (2679) students admitted for the 2016/2017 academic session. Ex-post factor research design was employed. A pro-forma was used to collect students’ CBT scores and developed a likert scale Questionnaire to determine the students’ attitude. To ensure the validity and reliability of the test instrument, Test re-test reliability of three weeks’ interval was later conducted. The results obtained were subjected to a Cronbach alpha and the overall reliability of the questionnaire returned an r = 0.84. A t-test and descriptive statistical tool was used to analyze the data. The findings of the study have revealed no significant difference between the Sciences and Arts students and male and female students’ attitude towards the CBT. In view of this some recommendations were made; Government should maintain CBT as good innovative examination device for entry into higher institutions of learning in Nigeria system of education. Ensure development of computer skills and knowledge to all the prospective test takers of the CBT, Provision of more computers and other needed facilities for the effective administration and scoring of the CBT.
Keywords: Attitude, Computer – Based Test (CBT), Paper – Pencil Test (PPT),
Response Surface Approach on Causes of Low Performance in Mathematics among National Diplomas of Administration and Business Studies Students of Nigerian Polytechnics: A Case Study of (Cabs) Numan, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola
Awalu Sale Liman1 Sani Audu Usman 1Ayuba Ibrahim Shallkulinyi2
1Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola. 2National Bureau for Statistics, Yola
Mathematics is not every student’s best subject. The statistics of mass failure churned out in qualifying examinations across the nation can attest to this fact. As a result, the study was designed to determine the factors that are the causes of low performance in mathematics for students of national diploma of administration and business studies of Adamawa state polytechnic, Yola. A sample of 250 was used for the study. A questionnaire was designed and administered to selected respondents using stratified and convenience sampling. The analysis was conducted using descriptive and response surface approach, all the factors used for the study were found to have effect on the students low performance, but only most leading were used for our model construction Vis: Phobia for mathematics (X1), Weakness of students in mathematics background (X2), Poor infrastructures (X3) which categorized (power outrage, lack of conducive hostel and classes accommodation and water problem). The model for the prediction was found to fit the data at (P = 0.000 < 0.05).
Keywords: Factors, Mathematics Poor performance, surface approach.
Internet Addiction and Health-Related Effects among Students in Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria: Implications for Health Education.
*Abdullahi Sabo Muhammad, Phd **Bose Muhammad ***Dr Vivian Gbobo Fubara,
*Department of Education (Technical), Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna. **Department of Social Development, College of Administrative and Social Sciences, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna ***Department of Educational Psychology, Guidance and Counseling, Federal College of Education (Technical), Omoku, Rivers State.
This empirical study determined the Internet Addiction (IA) levels as well as health-related effects among students in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Five research questions and corresponding null hypotheses were formulated to direct and guide the study. A descriptive survey research deign of the cross-sectional type was adapted for the study. Stratified random sampling technique was utilized to sample 240 respondents from five different institutions consisting of a University, Polytechnic, College of Education, School of Health Technology and College of Nursing in Kaduna State. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire developed and adapted by Young (1995) called Internet Addiction Scale (IAS). It is a 20-items tool constructed based on six-point Likert rating format. The tool reliability was .90 computed based on Cronbach alpha coefficient. The data was personally collected and analyzed using both descriptive and parametric statistics of t-tests. The results indicated that all the five null hypotheses were not supported and hence rejected. Based on the findings, recommendations were made among which is various methods of Health Education such as psycho-educational lectures, seminar, workshops and preventive techniques, Interventions and Counseling services can help in controlling and reducing this 21ist century technological addiction.
Keywords: Internet Addiction, health effects, tertiary institutions, students
The Impact of Incessant Strikes on the Education Sector in Nigeria
Alhaji Kawugana & Isaac N. Onukogu
Federal polytechnic P.M.B 0231 Bauchi, Bauchi State
The tertiary institutions in Nigeria such as the Universities, Polytechnics, Monotechnics, College of Education and their graduates would have been compared by all standards with other graduates from other institutions of higher learning abroad, but due to incessant strikes by the staff unions in various institutions, the issue of standard is no longer feasible. There is no gain stating the fact that too many industrial strikes have tremendously contributed to distortions of the academic calendar and as a result so many of our graduates are half baked and of low standard. The incessant industrial action in the Education sector has greatly caused Nigeria to lose billions of naira that should have been used to improve her socio-economic development of the nation. To curb the incessant industrial action, the governments should be proactive and not reactive in initiating increase in salaries and allowance as well as welfare packages of their workers as this will put in check frequent agitations on salary increase and welfare packages by staff unions.Ths has to great extent resulted to capital flights which other countries are utilizing to develop their own economies. It is hope that too many industrial actions may be a thing of the past if the employers of labour respect and implement all agreements signed with the staff unions and also fulfill 26% budgetary allocation as prescribed by UNESCO.
Keyword: Incessant, Strike, Education, Sector, Tertiary, Institutions
An Assessment of the Level of Application of Information and Communications Technology in Teaching-Learning Activities by Federal Universities in Nigeria
*Patrick Ogugua Abengowe **Ohiani Mary Clement **Onyenwuzor Asolima Florence **Akande Mercy Funmilayo
*Department of Travel and Tourism, National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism (NIHOTOUR), Bauchi Campus. **Department of Travel and Tourism, National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism (NIHOTOUR), Abuja.
The objective of this research work was to assess the level of effectiveness in the application of ICT in teaching-learning activities by Federal Universities in Nigeria. The population of the study comprised of all federal universities in Nigeria clustered in the six geo-political zones of the country. One federal university from each zone was randomly picked to form part of the sample. In all, six federal universities were selected to contain the sample size. Through the use of structured questionnaires administered to both lecturers and students of the selected federal universities, and by the responses obtained, it was discovered that the level of effective deployment of ICT in teaching-learning activities in Nigerian Federal Universities was still very low. A the end of the study, useful recommendations were made for effective teaching-learning activities through the use of ICT applications by the universities.
Keywords: ICT, Teaching, Learning,