AFRICAN SCHOLARS JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (JCER-6)
VOL. 9 NO. 6 ISSN – 2359-1991
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.
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EFFECTS OF TOKEN ECONOMY AND VERBAL PRAISE COUNSELLING TECHNIQUES ON SCHOOL REFUSAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG BASIC EDUCATION PUPILS IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA
*MUHAMMAD HAMZA ROGO, **ZAINAB ABBA GWADABE AND *PROFESSOR MUSTAPHA IBRAHIM ABDULLAHI
*Department of Education Psychology and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria **Department of Educational Psychology and Counselling, School of Education, Federal College of Education, Kano.
This study investigated the effects of token economy and verbal praise counselling techniques on school refusal behaviour among basic education pupils in Kano state, Nigeria. A quasi experimental design involving pre-test, post-test control group was adopted for the study. Purposive sampling technique was used to draw only ninety (90) pupils from schools with high percentage of school dropout (Danwaire, Rumfa and Kundila). The ninety selected pupils were assigned into three groups of thirty, each including boys and girls. The treatment groups were exposed to the treatment programme using token economy and verbal praise counselling techniques for the period of six weeks, while the control group received no treatment. Three instruments were used in this study. Teacher’s Report Form for ages 6 -18 (TRF = 6 – 18) was used to identify school refusing pupils, school refusal assessment scale revised was also used to select the identified school refusers for the treatment and predisposing vulnerability dimension school refusal assessment scale was used for pre-test post-test. The hypothesis was tested using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). The findings of the study revealed that significant relative effects of token economy and verbal praise counselling techniques on individual and school dimensions school refusal behaviour exist in the treatment group with F(2, 116) = 491.156, P=0.000 and F(2, 116) = 167.062 P=0.000 and significant relative effects of token economy and verbal praise counselling techniques on family and community dimensions school refusal behaviour exist in the treatment group with F(2, 116) = 162.247, P=0.000 and F(2, 116) = 4.068 P=0.044. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended among others that Counsellors, Psychologists and Teachers should be encouraged and motivated to adopt the use of token economy and verbal praise counselling techniques in order to realize pupils’ high retention and attendance in primary schools.
Keywords: Token economy, verbal praise, school refusal, dimensions of school refusal and primary school pupils
AN EXAMINATION OF THE USE OF ENGLISH QUANTIFIER SOME IN THE WRITINGS OF NCE1 STUDENTS
HADIZA LAWAN ISMAIL
Faculty of General Studies Federal University Dutse Jigawa State Nigeria
This paper is concerned with Nigerian use of English quantifier some in relation to standard usage by NCE1 students of Aminu Kano College of Islamic and Legal Studies. As second language users, Nigerians are affected by some incorrect forms in the use of language which is mainly attributed to the influence of mother tongue interference. There is, therefore, the need to investigate how students use quantifiers in their writings in contrast with the standard usage, particularly NCE1 Students of Aminu Kano College of Islamic and Legal Studies; who are studying English as their teaching subjects. However, the paper concentrates only on the writing of the students. The data was collected through sentence writing test by testing the student’s use of quantifiers, using quantifier some as the variable of the study. In analysing the data, the sentence writing tests are analysed item by item and the scores of the correct responses as well as the wrong responses are converted into percentage forms. The findings showed that mother tongue affect the use of quantifiers by some NCE1 students. Thus, the causes of difficulty in the use of English quantifiers by the students are attributed to poor background and mother tongue interference.
Keywords: English quantifiers, Mother tongue interference, Writings of NCE1 Students, Nigerian and Standard English usage.
NEW STRATEGIES AND APPROACHES OF ACADEMIC REFERENCE LIBRARIAN IN THE 21ST CENTURY
*ALIYU NASIRU MUHAMMAD & **(DR) ACHAL GIRI
Abu Ali Library, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. **General Studies Department, Aminu Saleh Colege of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.
This paper talks on the new trend in librarianship, most especially in this digital information age. The paper also highlights various approaches of the reference librarian in the 21st century with the view of our academic libraries to employ librarians that can apply such strategies and approaches in the environment, so as to meet the trend of changing present traditional library system to modern library system, as well as changing means of disseminating information to various diverging need of information seekers or knowledge seekers. However, the paper concludes by academic librarians to comply with such standards to libraries while achieving their aims and objectives, when providing service to the users.
Keywords: Librarian, Reference Service, Library, 21st Century, Strategies and approaches
CIVIC EDUCATION A PREREQUISITE AWARENESS FOR YOUTH ELEVATION AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION IN NIGERIA: TOWARDS A STABILIZING ROLE IN GOVERNANCE
HUSSAINI ADAMU HUSSAINI AND ADAMU BUBA
Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
Civic Education is one of the most important ingredients of democratic governance all over the world. Governance, democracy, rule of law and democratization are all dependent to a large extent the level of awareness in such countries. Where there is high level of awareness, they will be active political participation in all the political processes and governance. And where there is low awareness, there is bound to be passive political participation and negative attitude towards governance. This paper seeks to explain some basic concepts of Civic Education which is the minimum Prerequisite Awareness for Youth Elevation and Political Participation that will guarantee good governance in a polity. The irony is that, most of these basics of civic education are either ignored or are seen as not important, hence they are left unattended to and that is why we are where we are today. Only secondary source of data collection is used in the conduct of this enlightenment
Keywords: Civic Education, Prerequisite, Democratic governance, Youth Elevation and Political Participation
THE IMPORTANCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICS: A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC BAUCHI
Mathematics and Statistic Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The purpose of this research work was to investigate if mathematics lecturers of Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi used ICT in teaching mathematics and the importance of ICT in teaching mathematics. Survey research design was used, 10 items questionnaire was used as the instrument. A population of 62 number of mathematics lecturers was considered, census sampling techniques was used for the purpose of this research. It was discovered that only 4% of the mathematics lecturers used ICT in teaching mathematics. Although 95% indicated interest however, only 13% have adequate training on ICT. This shows that the lecturers have little or no knowledge of the importance of teaching mathematics using ICT. It is therefore recommended that workshop on how to use ICT in teaching mathematics for mathematics teachers should be organized.
Keywords: ICT, Teaching, Learning, Mathematics, Importance
EFFECT OF LEADERSHP STYLES ON JOB SATISFACTION AND COMMITMENT OF BUSNESS EDUCATION TEACHERS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN YOLA, ADAMAWA STATE
ADEJOH A MATTHEW, PHD 1, HADIZA DAUDA, PHD 2 AND UMAR BOBBOI 2
1Department of Hospitality Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 2 & 3 Department of Business Management Education, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola Nigeria
Management staffs of tertiary institutions in Nigeria have always sought ways to evaluate and improve teachers’ performance through job satisfaction. In most cases, effort is centred on such conditions of work as training and development, funding, infrastructure and remunerations. However, the leadership styles of the school administrators play a very vital role in creating job satisfaction among the lecturers which subsequently influence the outcome of teaching and learning. This paper adopts a qualitative approach to determine the impact of transactional, transformational and authoritarian leadership styles on teachers’ job satisfaction and commitment in tertiary institutions in Yola. A self-answered, structured questionnaire based on Multi-factor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) was designed to obtain data from randomly selected Business Education lecturers from Adamawa State Polytechnic and Federal College of Education in Yola. Data were analyzed by the use of descriptive statistics and Pearson Product Correlation. While a positive correlation was found between transformational leadership and teachers’ job satisfaction, followed by transactional leadership style, there was negative correlation between authoritarian leadership stlye and teachers’ job satisfaction. It is recommended that those who occupy management positions in Polytechnics and Colleges should be aware of how strongly their role and behavior affect the teachers’ job satisfaction and commitment and employ adaptive leadership strategies that yield optimum educational outcome.
Keywords: Leadership, Leadership Styles, Teachers, Job Satisfaction, Commitment
CONSTRAINS OF COUNSELLING ON WOMEN LEADERSHIP IN HIGHER EDUCATION: OSUN STATE UNIVERSITY EXPERIENCE
FAMOLU, FLORENCE BOSEDE; PhD
Department Of Human Resources Development, College Of Management And Social Sciences, Osun State University, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria.
This paper examines the nexus of counselling on women leadership in higher education. The paper also discussed the constraints and prospects of women leadership in Osun State University. The implications of absence of women in leadership position and counselling techniques would assist women lecturers to actualize their full potentials and invariably contribute meaningfully to the university development and that of the nation as a whole.
Keywords: Counselling, Women Leadership, Self-Actualisation, Opportunities, Equal Rights.
AVAILABILITY AND EXTENT OF UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR TEACHING SHORTHAND IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN BORNO STATE
MUSTAPHA ALI & DAUDA ALIYU
Department of Business Education, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri
This study assessed the availability and extends of utilization of instructional material for teaching shorthand in Nigerian tertiary institution. The study was conducted using 13 shorthand lecturers in government owned tertiary institutions in Borno state of Nigeria. Percentages were adopted for the analysis of data. The study revealed that the materials for teaching and learning shorthand are available, lecturers do their best toward clearing the bad perception of the course by the students and there is lack of frequent maintenance of the available materials. And recommendations were made on the basis of the findings.
Keywords: instructional media, shorthand, teaching and learning, utilization
ROLE OF BUSINESS EDUCATION IN PROMOTING ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN NIGERIA
MODU KORIMI, AMINU BABA KURA, MOHD ALHAJI YUSUF.
Department of Business Education, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno State Nigeria.
This paper examined the role of business education in promoting entrepreneurship in Nigeria because it could lead to self employment, help in reducing unemployment and contribute towards development of the country .Business education is described as an education for business and about business. It equips its recipients with creative skills that will make them to perform well as entrepreneurs. This paper thus ,seen business education as having the potential for promoting and encouraging entrepreneurship in Nigeria because; It could equip its recipients with skills for identifying viable business opportunities, proper business management, financial management, proper marketing and avoidance of business failure. This paper concludes that, if Nigeria really wants to encourage entrepreneurship, Business education should be taken very serious. Finally, as a way forward which will lead Business Education to rapidly develop entrepreneurship, this paper recommend that; Nigeria youth should be encouraged to study business, only Business educators should be allowed to teach Business Education, there should be adequate funding of Business education and entrepreneurs that lack business education skills should be encouraged to acquire the skills.
Keywords: Role, Business, education, promoting, entrepreneurship