AFRICAN SCHOLARS JOURNAL OF MGT. SCIENCE & ENTREPRENEURSHIP (AJMSE-5)
VOL. 7 NO. 5 ISSN – 2276-0732
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.
Copyright © 2017 African Scholar Publications and Research International.
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RECURRENT AND CAPITAL EXPENDITURE DISPARITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: 1980 – 2015
- IDOKOAKOR (PhD)
Department of Political Science, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
Disparities between recurrent and capital expenditures and their relationship to sustainable economic development has received a lot of attention in public finance literature especially in Nigeria. While its effects on society in Nigeria has received a lot of attention in the literature, the structure of this disparity in relation to government regime character and sustainable development has been left out. This paper examines the structure of the disparity between recurrent and capital expenditures of the Federal Government of Nigeria and its relationship to government regime character and sustainable development between 1980 and 2015. The paper showed that disparity between recurrent and capital expenditure in Nigeria is a function of regime character rather than dictates of national economic development. It is argued that this will not augur well for the sustainable development of the Nigerian society.
Keywords: Regime Character Recurrent Capital Expenditures Disparity
IMPLICATIONS OF POLITICS OF OIL AND MINORITY RIGHTS ON THE SOCIO – ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA.
ALIYU MANPA’A MUSA (PhD) & ADOLE RAPHAEL AUDU (PhD)
Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State – Nigeria.
This research examines the implications of politics of oil and minority rights on the socio – economic development of Rivers State, Nigeria. The study utilized both primary and secondary source of data, using survey method and the use of available documents. In specific term the primary data for this research were gathered through questionnaire. Secondary data on the other hand were generated through library documentation analysis. For data analysis, both descriptive and correlation statistical tools were used. Similarly data from secondary sources were analyzed through simple descriptive technique known as document analysis. The study revealed that the agitation has resulted in massive provision of infrastructure by government in the area of health and water which tremendously impacted on the livelihood of the oil bearing communities in Rivers State. The study concluded that, although oil has contributed to the instability and lack of socio-economic development of Niger Delta generally and in Rivers State in particular, it is has also brought about improvement in water and health service delivery. The study recommends amongst others that the Federal and Rivers State governments should provide timely short term employment opportunities for the youth. Short term employment generation that highlight the potential of labour intensive programmes that will serve as quick wins for stabilizing violent situations shouldbe created to enable the youth benefit from the weekly or monthly allowances paid to beneficiaries of such programmes.
Keywords: Minority Rights, Agitation, Socio – economic development, Rivers State, Nigeria
AN EXPLORATION OF THE EFFECTS OF CROSS CULTURAL FACTORS ON EXPATRIATES EFFECTIVE EXECUTION OF INTERNATIONAL ASSIGNMENTS.
AGBO MELLETUS UCHE CHUKWU
Department of Business Administration Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.
Expatriates successful assignment has brought very complex and challenging issues currently faced by multinationals. Failed assignments are reported to be very high among expatriate. In light of this, this study provides new empirical evidence of recent expatriation management practices. The majority of the expatriates were dissatisfied with their living conditions and wanted an improvement in cross – cultural training. The major factors influencing expatriates’ low performance at work were security, expatriates’ maladjustment and culture shock experience. Furthermore majority of the expatriates reported that they were provided with host country’s culture and language training and therefore did not experience so much culture shock, but content analysis evidence showed that they did actually experience adjustments issues and culture shock and more focus was to be put in host country preparation. In conclusion, some recommendations for best practices were made.
Keywords: International assignments, Expatriates, Performance, Adjustment, Culture shock.
HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*AREO ABIODUN (Ph.D) & **OKPANACHI ODIJI
*Department of Management Sciences, Wesley University, P.M.B. 507, Ondo City, Nigeria **Department of Political Science, Wesley University, P.M.B. 507, Ondo City, Nigeria
This paper takes a look at one of the most important prerequisites for entrepreneurship development in Nigeria. The management of human resources which stands at the centre of the conception and contraption of innovative and business ideas cannot but be taken very seriously for the very fact that there is a limit to which machines or other beings can be used to plan, organise, direct and coordinate aspects business operation. Even where machines and animals are utilised, a sound human being must be in place to order their actions and inactions to achieve preconceived goals. The human resource concepts, theories and practices such as job description, organisational structure, recruitment, performance appraisal and motivation were explored to elucidate the importance of Human Resource Management (HRM) in Entrepreneurship. After explaining and espousing some of these best practices in HRM, the piece unwinds by taking a look at the problems and prospects of managing human resources for entrepreneurial development in Nigeria and how these trends have impeded on entrepreneurship development in the country. The work is yet concluded with an admonition to business owners to adhere to identified best practices such as human resource management ethics as demonstrated in job description, organisational structuring, training, evaluation and motivation as discussed in this contribution. The government too is asked to review its policies and curriculum on entrepreneurship development in order to address the loopholes being expanded by the inadequate concern for HRM as an issue.
Keywords: Human Resource Management, Entrepreneurship, Development, Nigeria
ASSESSMENT OF TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS STRATEGIES ON EMOTIONAL LABOUR OF NIGERIAN TEACHERS
FAMOLU, FLORENCE BOSEDE; Ph.D
Human Resources Department, Osun State University, Okuku Campus, Osogbo, Nigeria
This paper is an assessment of Transactional Analysis strategies on emotional labour of Nigerian teachers. There is the fact that some Nigerian teachers are usually subjected to stress and depression due to the nature of their work as they deal with human beings in their translations with diversified behaviours. Due to the present economic realities, there is generally lack of self-will and commitment to teaching as a career. Descriptive method was used in the writing of this paper. This paper recommends that Nigerian Teachers should be adequately rewarded on the basis of theories of compensating wages differentials and human capital development which invariably will lead to academic excellence among Nigerian Teachers and Students communication outcome.
Keywords- Transactional-Analysis, Emotional Labour, Commitment, Stress and Economic depressions.
IMPACT OF AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINE ON THE CUSTOMERS AND NIGERIA BANKING SYSTEM
UNUIGBOKHAI, O.A.1; OHENHEN, P.E.2 & LAWANI, O.A.3
Department of Accountancy, School of Business Studies, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi
There is no doubt that, that the introduction of ATM has in the way or the other brought some relief to banks customers at least in the areas of having to hold large sum of cash/money, having to you and stay in long queues to withdraw small sum of money and risk being trapped in the banking halls in case of any eventualities. This paper investigates the influence of ATM on the performance of Nigeria banks. Available studies have concentrated on the importance of ATM service quality and its effect on customer satisfaction with a bias against ATM producers. This study is motivated by the astronomical challenges confronting the proliferation of ATM infrastructure and attendant financial loss to banks which are often under reported. Questionnaire was used to collect the data analyzed statistically by using the Software Package for Social Science (SPSS Version 20.0) and chi-square technique. The result indicates that ATM contributes to the effectiveness of banking sector. The Nigerian banks are aggressively promoting issue and use of ATM cards, credit cards, debit cards and smart cards to enhance their performance and kill competition. The conclusion therefore is that the activities of banking sector has risen thus the advert of ATM which has enable the management and investors aware of some of the techniques being used by their foreign counterpart in achieving competitive advantage.
Keywords: ATM, customers, banking system, fraud, information technology.
THE CREDIBILITY OF COOPERATIVE THRIFT AND CREDIT SOCIETY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY
*MRS HAFSAT OZIOMA USMAN, *ABDULKADIR MUSA & **BALA BAYAMI DANJUMA
*Liberal Studies Department, Niger State Polytechnic, CABS, Bida Campus**Department Of Banking and Finance, Niger State Polytechnic, CABS, Bida Campus.
Given the fact that all attempts to address the economic problems affecting the Nigerian society seem to be failing which is worsened by the present destabilization in the banking sector, it becomes imperative that all stakeholders take urgent steps that can quickly address the situation. It is in the light of this that, this paper discusses how the cooperative thrift and credit society can be used as an alternative means of economic development in Nigerian. The paper notes that cooperative thrift and credit society which is not a new innovation in African counties including Nigeria can be effectively used to tackle the problems of economic breakdown in Nigeria. The paper thus examines how this cooperative venture can be used for this noble purpose. Consequently, practical recommendations are made to effectively achieve the objectives of economic reforms in Nigeria through thrift and credit cooperative societies.
Keyword: Development, Credibility, Cooperative, Thrift, Credit.
AMELIORATING CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA THROUGH INFORMATION COMMUNICATION AND TECHNOLOGY
1 OKEGBEMIRO, JAMIU OKESOLA, 2OGUNDEJI RASHIDAT ADESEUN
1School of Business Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) GOMBE, Gombe State 2School of Primary Education and Early Child Care, Federal College of Education (Technical) BICHI, Kano State
Corruption is the major vice militating against good governance and societal development in Nigeria. Several solutions have been advanced in the fight against corruption in Nigeria but none have been able to nip in the bud or even remotely check the menace of corruption and its resulting consequences. The fight against corruption in Nigeria have taken different forms from the forming of anti-graft agencies like the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission(EFCC) and the Independent Corrupt Practices and Commission (ICPC) down to waging massive campaigns against corruption by other governmental agencies and nongovernmental outfits like the churches and mosques. Despite these measures by government, the virus of corruption keeps spreading like bush fire in the public and private sectors. At some points, Information and Communication Technology was introduced to heighten transparency in conduct of government businesses. Implementation of ICT in Nigerian was made possible with ICT revolution. The entire process started like a pilot scheme by some ministries and parastatals at the federal level. In a nick of time other tiers of governments joined the bandwagon. Through this process multiple fraudulent avenues of siphoning public resources by public servants like double payment of contracts and crowding of pay vouchers with ghost workers were blocked. Much resource has been saved by the three tiers of government through implementation of e-governance. The entire philosophy is still at its tender age and facing operational difficulties due to lack of expertise and equipments desirable for its successful implementation. With the rapid growing of ICT across the country and increasing expertise, there is light at the end of the tunnel and the country will sooner than later reap dividend of e-governance in running government businesses and on its war against corruption.
Keywords: Communication, Ameliorating, Corruption, Technology and Information.
ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CROP PRODUCTION IN BAUCHI STATE
USMAN Y. DUTSE1, DIJE B. IBRAHIM (PHD)2 AND HASSAN ABDULLAHI 3
1School of Business Admin & Mgt., Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 2School of Environmental Technology, ATBU, Bauchi 3Rabiu M. Kwankwaso Collage of Advanced & Remedials Studies, Tudun Wada, Kano
The study analyzes climate change and agricultural production in Bauchi state, Nigeria. The specific objectives include evaluation of the trend changes in climatic parameter (rainfall) in Bauchi state; analyzing the trend in agricultural production; and examination of the dimension and linkage between agricultural production and climate change parameter in the study area. Time series data were used for the study. The rainfall data for each of the six (6) locations were sourced from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET) Oshodi, Lagos. Most of the annual yields of millet and sorghum for each of the six locations were sourced from the respective State Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs).The rest were sourced from National Food Reserve Agency (NFRA). The derived growing season rainfall and annual rainfall total for the six locations were tested for their normality distribution. They were tested using standardized coefficients of Skewness (Z1) and kurtosis (Z2) statistics as defined by Brazel and Balling (1986). The Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) was used to test the relationship between crop yields with onset and cessation dates of rainfall In this study, method after (Adejuwon, 2005) was adopted to develop yield forecast models for the variables indentified in the study . The goodness of fit of the model was verified by coefficient of determination (R2). The Results obtained from the analysis indicates variations in the onset and cessation dates of growing season in the study area. Also further results on the trends of Millet and Sorghum yields analysis for the six locations, indicated decreasing trend in the yields of Millet and Sorghum in Katagum and Toro; but increasing in Ganjuwa,Darazo and Ningi. In Jama’are, however, Millet yield showed increasing trend, but Sorghum yield decreasing. The study concludes that there is a strong relationship between the crop yields and the variability in the rainfall parameters which is as a result of climate change in the study area. It is therefore recommended that government should sensitize people on mitigation and adaptation to climate change situations; irrigation be encouraged, provision of improved seed varieties that are resistant to climate variation and timely distribution of various farm inputs for early cultivation at the beginning of rainy season. Government should equip and update the facilities of Nigeria Metrological Agency to collect appropriate data for developing early drought warning system for the country.
Keywords: Impact, Climate Change, Crop Production, Bauchi State
IMPACT OF ELECTRONIC BANKING INVESTMENT ON NIGERIA-LISTED COMMERCIAL BANKS’ FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE FROM 2009 TO 2014
ABUBAKAR YERIMA CHABBAL
Department of Accountancy, the Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State Nigeria
This paper is intended at assessing the impact of electronic banking investment on the financial performance of listed commercial banks in Nigeria. It is based on secondary data gathered from the published annual report and accounts of seven (7) sampled banks, selected according to data availability and time constrain from fifteen (15) that are operating on the floor of Nigerian Stock Exchange. The study make used of panel data regression analysis using STATA 14.0, based on the results from the analysis, it was found out electronic banking investment leads to decrease in financial performance of Nigeria’s banks measured by return on capital employed (ROCE), return on assets (ROA), operating margin (OM) and earnings per share (EPS); although it was statistically insignificant. It was therefore recommends that, mastery and usage of existing computer components should be achieve to the optimal level before acquiring additional ones and government should intervene through provision of needed infrastructures, so as to help the banks makes saving in the form of lower investment in electronic banking facilities in order to ensure greater financial inclusion among majority of the citizens, which will enable them to achieve greater turnover both in the short and long terms.
Keywords: investment, electronic banking, financial performance, commercial banks, ratios
RUNNING A WEBSITE IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS FOR LEARNING AND REVENUE GENERATION (A CASE STUDY OF NUHU BAMALLI POLYTECHNIC, ZARIA)
EMMANUEL K. AKUT1 IBRAHIM B. SHEHU2
1Department of Computer Engineering, School of Engineering, Technology Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria 2Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, School of Engineering Technology Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria.
Internet business has come a long way as a lucrative business in our technological world. This business involves three set of persons viz. the domain owners, the domain hosts and the domain visitors. Despite the huge amount of money made by the domain owners and hosts every minute of the day, Nigerian institutions (both staff and students) are largely visitors instead of domain owners. As the present Nigerian government is working hard to diversify the country’s economy, this paper looks into how institutions can modify their local websites for learning purposes and generation of revenue. The paper adopted survey as its methodology, with purposive sampling of staff and students of Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic Zaria to determine their perception on the subject matter about their school. A total of two hundreds and eighty-four returned questionnaires were analysed. Findings revealed that significant number of staff and students visit the internet for academic purposes but little or no solutions come from indigenous schools. Also, institutions rarely show interest in generating revenue using their internet websites. Both staff and students believe that school websites can be improved to help students academically. It was recommended that, the management of higher institutions should invest more in their website in order to make it academically beneficial and subsequently increase the generation of revenue.
Keywords: Internet, Website, Economic Diversification, Institution, Revenue.