AFRICAN SCHOLARS JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (AJHSS-4) 1
VOL. 7 NO. 4 (1) ISSN – 2110-2086
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.
Copyright © 2017 African Scholar Publications and Research International.
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THE PROSPERITY THEOLOGY AND MOVEMENT: ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRADITIONAL SOCIETAL VALUES
*MARGARET INGYOROKO & **ELIZABETH T. SUGH
*Sociology Department, College of Advanced & Prof. Studies, (C.A.P.S) Makurdi, Benue State. Nigeria **Sociology Department, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria.
The prosperity theology and movement with its beliefs and practices have gained overwhelming acceptance and prominence not only amongst Pentecostals and charismatics but also amongst the mainline churches in Nigeria. This makes the prosperity theology and movement a phenomenon and reality that the Nigerian society has to accept, contend with and or confront. These teachings and practices though possibly beneficial could also portend certain danger for the development of family and or societal age old values that are the core fabric of societal life, making it a phenomenon to be handled carefully. To adequately handle this phenomenon requires a concise understanding of the theology, its roots, a determination of its possible benefits and the potential danger for the family and societal value. The paper, thus, attempts to conceptualize the prosperity theology, trace its roots, theoretically explain its existence and attempt to weigh the possible benefits against its inherent dangers with particular focus on the development of healthy values in the family and society at large. It is the recommendation of the paper that a purposeful blending or integration of some of the healthy teachings and practices of the prosperity movement by frontline churches will result in a healthy balance. Also advocated for, is a strengthening of the capacity of families and the education sector to meet the need of society for the inculcation of values that are being eroded in the wake of this theology.
Keywords: Implications, Theology, Movement, Development, Societal.
EFFECT OF CHANGE MANAGEMENT ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCES OF NIGERIAN TELECOMMUNICATION, A STUDY OF AIRTEL OF NIGERIA.
AGBO MELLETUS UCHE CHUKWU
Department of Business Administration Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.
The rate of competition in the telecommunication industry in Nigeria is moving at a leap frog basis due to changes in technology, product and services, customer taste among others. This has made change management experts to emphasize on the importance of establishing organizations readiness for change and have crafted various strategies for creating it because successful management of change is crucial to any organization to survive in the present highly competitive and continuously evolving business environment. Change management is a planned loom for the transition of individuals, groups and organizations from existing state to a required future state. Thus, managing a change process is as important as change itself. This study therefore examine empirically change management and its effects on organizational performance of Nigerian telecoms industries. In conducting this study, a total of 300 staffs of Airtel were randomly selected from a staff population of 1000. Three hypotheses were advanced to guide the study and data collected for the study were analyzed using One-way Analysis of Variance. The result revealed that changes in technology has a significant effect on performance and that changes in customer taste has a significant effect on customer’s patronage. The result also shows that changes in management via leadership has a significant effect one employee’s performance. Based on the findings of the study, recommendations were made that telecoms industries in Nigeria should be pro-active to changes in such a competitive environment so as to experience smooth implementation of such changes. The study therefore concludes that nothing remains still in the world of business as change is the only thing that is constant. Change managers should therefore successfully manage the human side of change in order to avoid resistance to change using the appropriate change strategies, thus, enhancing overall performance of the industry.
Keywords: Change managements, effects, changes in technology, customers taste, change implementation and performance.
PARTICIPATORY COMMUNICATION AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA: A REVIEW OF THE COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (CSDP) IN TARABA STATE 2009-2012
*SARAH GAMBO AND **TARGEMA TORDUE SIMON
*Department of Mass Communication, Taraba State University, Jalingo
This study seeks to explore how participation, interest and involvement of community members/beneficiaries in the planning and execution of poverty alleviation programmes will accelerate the process, using the Community and Social Development Project (CSDP) as a case study. Anchored on the principles of participatory communication theory, the study critiques the assumptions of the dominant paradigm of modernization, calling for an alternative paradigm of participation that recognizes local initiatives and contribution to the process of poverty alleviation. Evaluative design approach has been adopted, with key informants interview (KII) conducted on a sample of 33 respondents (three information officers of the CSDP and thirty members of CSDP host communities in Taraba State) to elicit data for analysis. More so, documented assessment of micro projects by the agency from 2009-2012 have been reviewed. The research discovers that community members were actively involved and participated in the planning and execution of the CSDP micro projects in their communities, and that the projects executed have been impacting positively in the lives of community members. To this end, the research conclude that participation, interest and involvement of beneficiaries at the planning and execution stages of poverty alleviation project is central to their success, thus recommending the approach to subsequent poverty alleviation programmes for more results that would enable us achieve the goal of poverty alleviation in the country.
Keywords: Poverty, Poverty alleviation, Participatory communication and CSDP
AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (1980-2015)
- IDOKOAKOR (PhD)
Department of Political Science, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
Nigeria has adopted many agricultural policies especially after public officials, the academia and the general public alike acknowledged that the agricultural sector of the economy has declined dangerously. These policies has as their objectives the promotion of increased production in all sections of the agricultural sector, creation of jobs to reduce unemployment and reduction of food imports. A core policy focus is transformation of the structure of agricultural production in such a way that producers will attain greater productivity. In this paper by adopting comparative analysis of the performance of previous policies especially after 1980, it is shown that there is a disconnect between policy and agriculture production structure such that attainment of policy objectives are mitigated. It is suggested here that in the formulation of agricultural policies in Nigeria, care must be taken to make it sensitive to the prevailing agriculture production structure.
Keywords: Agriculture Production Structure Policy Disconnect
DESERTIFICATION AND CONTROLS ON ARID ZONE OF BAUCHI STATE
BALA SAGIR MADAKI
School Of General Studies, Federal, Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State
Desertification is a complex universal problem. The aim of the study is to appraise the measures embarked by authorities in addressing Desertification in the arid zone of Bauchi Sate.. From the study it was discovered that although some natural factors enhances desertification, there’s indiscriminate destruction of forests and trees for wood especially in the rural areas. The zone is also known to have high number of livestock which results in overgrazing. Suitable suggestions on how to restart the projects and check the process of desertification in the study area was made at the end of the study
Keywords: Desertification, Arid, Forest, Rural, Overgrazing
SKEPTICISM AND THE EMERGENCE OF MODERN EPISTEMOLOGY
PROF. KANU IKECHUKWU ANTHONY, O.S.A., ANETOH BONAVENTURE CHIKE, Ph.D & PETER OKEY EJIKEME, Ph.D
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University, Umunya, Anambra State.
Skepticism occupies a fundamental place in the historical evolution of the Western philosophical enterprise. And in fact, the history of philosophy reveals that Epistemology, a major branch of philosophy, emerged through the ages of western philosophy as a response to the position taken by skeptics. The core perspectives in epistemology have arisen either in defense of, or in opposition to, various forms of skepticism. Indeed, one could classify various theories of knowledge by their responses to skepticism. For example, rationalists could be viewed as skeptical about the possibility of empirical knowledge while not being skeptical with regard to a priori knowledge, and empiricists could be seen as skeptical about the possibility of a priori knowledge but not so with regard to empirical knowledge. Therefore, skepticism has remained a puzzling and persistent issue that has extensively defined the history of epistemology. Skepticism, within the parameters of the scope of epistemology is, therefore, a response to the question of what can really be known. And since the skeptics emerged in the plane of philosophy, all that epistemologists have been doing is to see how best to convince the skeptics that knowledge is possible and how to refute the challenge posed by the questions that skeptics raised. This piece would concern herself with the study of the skeptical position and strategy, and its relationship with the development of epistemology. Its focus would be extended to the general forms of skepticism that question our knowledge in many, if not all, domains in which we ordinarily think knowledge is possible. This would be followed with an evaluation of the position of skeptics.
Keywords: Skepticism, Epistemology, Philosophical, Ordinary Incredulity.
AN ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY BASED RADIO PRACTICE IN BAUCHI STATE: CHALLENGES AND IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL NIGERIA
ISAH YAHAYA ALIYU, ABDULKADIR ALIYU SAMBO, BELLO IBRAHIM HALILU
Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The Bauchi State government in North Eastern Nigeria has established and been maintaining the largest radio network in the country with eleven affiliate FM stations across the state under the mother station, Bauchi Radio Corporation (BRC). Almost three years on with the establishment of what is preferably termed in academic circle as Community Based Radio, this paper presents findings of an audience assessment study into the performance of the Bununu Community Based Radio station. The study was conducted within the framework of Development Media Theory, and adopted case study design to analyse broadcast schedule, interview the station manager and administered structured questionnaire to clustered sample of 100 respondents among the Bununu community. The study found that, although not a full community medium, the community based radio initiative of the government has been doing adequately well in addressing community issues; the people’s rating of the station has been equally fairly good. However, it was obvious that cost of running the stations is becoming heavy on government; and although there are avenues created in the broadcast schedule for community participation, mostly in presentation, listeners rarely participate in phone-ins or text-ins, which could be attributed to either their noninvolvement in initiating and packaging of programmes, or the level of poverty and illiteracy in the rural areas. Consequent upon that, programmes managers in those stations should do more to persuadelisteners to take part in all the stages of programming. Also, the government might think of leasing the ownership and control of these stations to their host communities gradually in years to come, so as to make them fully fledged community broadcast outfits, controlled and managed by the communities themselves.
Keywords: Community, Broadcasting, Audience, Assessment, Bununu
UNE LECTURE FEMINISTE D’OLUROUNBI OU LE PRIX D’UN PARI DE TUNDE AJIBOYE
ADEAGBO, TUNDE JOHN, PhD
Department of French, Nasarawa State University, P. M. B. 1022, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.
La littérature est un outil de réagir contre ou pour n’importe quel phénomène dans la société. L’un des phénomènes contre lesquels la littérature réagit au cours de l’histoire de l’homme est la position des femmes particulièrement en Afrique. Les femmes se trouvent dans la position opprimée dans la plupart des cas. La littérature joue un rôle de libération des femmes. Grâce à la civilisation occidentale, la société est au courant du fait que les femmes sont aussi importantes que les hommes pour le bien-être de l’humanité. Cette pièce de Tunde Ajiboye démontre que les femmes ne sont pas inutiles dans la société, leur rôles dépassent la préparation des repas dans la cuisine-une présentation des femmes telles qu’elles sont dans la pièce intitulée Olurounbi ou le prix d’un pari de Tunde Ajiboye. Elle situe cette pièce dans les courants féministes et parmi les recommandations nous avons l’égalité des droits de deux sexes pour le progrès de la société.
Keywords: Féministe, Une lecture, d’OLUROUNBI, prix, d’un pari.
THE PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF WOMEN IN NIGERIAN POLITICS
*TIJANI, SULEMAN OLATUNJI **OKEWU AROME GABRIEL
*Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State. **Nigeria-Korea Friendship Institute, P.M.B. 1021, Lokoja, Kogi State.
This research is to ascertain the problems and prospects of Nigerian women in politics in Nigerian context, and to eliminate the discriminative practices against women in politics, and to ensure that discriminative measures are not taken against those that are aspiring for active politics. It is discovered that women, until recently, faced a lot of traditional female constraint, cultural and religious inhibitions in a male dominated society, which means that women were confined to domestic roles at home which prevented them from proving their abilities; and that political posts should not be on the basis of gender, the walls of discrimination against women in politics should be turned down. Also, gender equality should be practiced in this democratic dispensation.
Keywords: problems, prospects, women, politics, discrimination
THE ROLE OF SHEIKH MUHAMMAD BABA BIN MUHAMMAD IN SPREADING ARABIC AND ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION IN TILDEN FULANI TWON, TORO LGA, BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA.
School of Languages, A.D.R College for Legal and Islamic Sudies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
This is an attempt to give a general biography of Sheikh Muhammad Baba bin Muhammad Bello; his birth his growth and his contribution to knowledge and scholarship in the town of Tilden Fulani in toro L.G.A, Bauchi State. Moreover, there is an account about his personal life and as a Fulani man his was engaged in cattle rearing almost throughout his life. Sheikh Muhammad had a number of poems in many languages that included Arabic, Hausa and Fulfulde.
Keywords: Biography, Contribution, Sa’ad Arabic and Isalamic.