AFRICAN SCHOLARS JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (JHSS-6) (2)
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.
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VIEWS OF TEACHERS ON DIET MODIFICATION AS A THERAPY FOR MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS AND LEARNING DIFFICULTIES OF CHILDREN: COUNSELLING IMPLICATIONS
I.G USMAN (PH.D.)1 & KOLO ALFA IDRIS2
Department of Counselling Psychology, IBB University, Lapai, Niger State1. 2Department of Countinuing Education and Community Development, Faculty of Education and Arts, IBB University, Lapai, Niger State
Deficiency in food or diet is associated with mental health problems and learning difficulties because the functions of the brain controls all other systems of the body. Some children who have learning problems is as result of mental retardation and this aggravates when the diet is deficient of nutrients. This study is meant to examine the view of teachers on diet modification as a therapy for mental health problems and learning difficulties of children. The study used data from stratified random multi-stage sampling method to select teachers from public and private boarding schools including males and females. A total of 292 respondents were used from the population of 6,889. An instrument coined “Views of Teachers on Awareness About Diet Modification as a Therapy for Children’s Learning Difficulties (VTADMTCLD) was validated by two experts and test re-rest method was used to obtain reliability of 0.96 which was found suitable Two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated and the t-test and ANOVA statistical methods were used to obtain the results. The results proved that diet modification is a therapy for mental health problems and learning difficulties of schildren, including; iron, vitamins, protein, vegetables, fruits, eggs etc. Counselling strategies , conclusion, and recommendations were presented to advocate the use of nutritional values for children so as to reduce their mental health problems and learning difficulties.
Keywords: Diet, Modification, Therapy, Metal health problems, Learning difficulties, Counselling implications.
IMPLICATIONS OF POLITICS OF OIL AND MINORITY RIGHTS ON THE SOCIO – ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA.
ALIYU MANPA’A MUSA (PhD) & ADOLE RAPHAEL AUDU (PhD)
Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State – Nigeria
This research examines the implications of politics of oil and minority rights on the socio – economic development of Rivers State, Nigeria. The study utilized both primary and secondary source of data, using survey method and the use of available documents. In specific term the primary data for this research were gathered through questionnaire. Secondary data on the other hand were generated through library documentation analysis. For data analysis, both descriptive and correlation statistical tools were used. Similarly data from secondary sources were analyzed through simple descriptive technique known as document analysis. The study revealed that the agitation has resulted in massive provision of infrastructure by government in the area of health and water which tremendously impacted on the livelihood of the oil bearing communities in Rivers State. The study concluded that, although oil has contributed to the instability and lack of socio-economic development of Niger Delta generally and in Rivers State in particular, it is has also brought about improvement in water and health service delivery. The study recommends amongst others that the Federal and Rivers State governments should provide timely short term employment opportunities for the youth. Short term employment generation that highlight the potential of labour intensive programmes that will serve as quick wins for stabilizing violent situations should be created to enable the youth benefit from the weekly or monthly allowances paid to beneficiaries of such programmes.
Keywords: Minority Rights, Agitation, Socio – economic development, Rivers State, Nigeria.
APPRAISAL OF SEXUALLY EXPLICIT ADVERTISEMENTS ON THE SEXUAL VALUES OF NIGERIAN YOUTHS: A STUDY OF UNILAG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS
TOYIN ADINLEWA & GIDEON MUYIWA, AYARA
A Lecturer at the Department of Mass Communication, College of Social and Management Sciences, Wesley University, Ondo
The use of sexual information in mediated promotional messages has maintained a foothold in the media since the beginning of advertising. Notwithstanding this, most, if not all, of researches conducted on sex in advertisements were either tailored toward measuring the effectiveness and ethical judgment or perception of the concept. However, little researches have been designed to view sex appeal from a critical perspective. It is against this backdrop that this study was conducted to examine the influence of sexually explicit advertisements on the sexual values of Nigerian youth, using the undergraduate students of University of Lagos of Lagos as specimens. The study adopted qualitative and quantitative approaches to research – survey and focus group discussion. A well-structured questionnaire was self-administered to 300 undergraduate students selected through a multi-stage sampling technique. Two different focus group discussion sessions were also held among the students on campus, one with only males and the other with only females with ten students in each group. The findings of the study revealed that sexually explicit advertisements have a great influence on the sexual attitudes of the students and their perception on sexually related issues.
Keywords: Sex, Sex appeal, Sex value, Advertisement, Culture
A FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF NIGERIAN ENGLISH
TAKIM AJOM OKONGOR,
Faculty of General Studies, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State.
This work is a functional Analysis of Nigerian English. The internets, library research, the researcher’s knowledge of the language and vast experience on English usage were used as sources of data. The aim of this study is to discuss the place of Nigerian English as distinct from other varieties of English such as South African English, Indian English, Ghanaian English, Kenyan English etc. The findings reveal linguistic features (phonological, morphological, lexical, semantic and syntactic)that indicate that English language has emerged and been made adoptive to some linguistic and cultural peculiarities in Nigeria. In other words, English language having left its ancestral home has resulted to different varieties in order to accommodate the culture and traditions of its adopted homes. The conclusion is that Nigerian English attempts to make the European language(British English) bear the weight of African imagination, worldview and sensibilities.
Keywords: Nigerian English, Pidgin English, Broken English, Linguistic features, lexicon.
THE LEGAL IMPLICATION OF TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA)
Department of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.
The manufacture and use of chemicals are necessary if the modern world is to meet its social and economic goals. That a chemical is manufactured in a place doesn’t necessary mean it must be used there. Hence, the need for the chemical to be transported from the place of manufacture to a place where it may be disposed of. Hazardous materials are, therefore, those chemicals that posed a threat or danger to both human health and the environment. This Paper is aimed at bringing out the implication associated with the transportation of such hazardous materials from a legal perspective in the Nigerian context. It is our humble submission that the relevant laws on hazardous materials, especially in the area of punishment, should be amended to conform to the present day reality.
Keywords: Legal, Transportation, Hazardous, Material, Nigeria.
THE EVALUATION OF ACADEMIC LIBRARY SERVICES IN WAZIRI UMARU FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC IN KEBBI STATE OF NIGERIA
OMORODION E EMMANUEL
Haruna Rasheed Library, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State
This paper critically examined and evaluate the polytechnic library services rendered to staff and students of federal polytechnic birnin kebbi and it’s environ, with the aims of improving on its operations and proffering solution to the problems faced by the polytechnic library. Relevant literature searches were conducted to further throw more light on the subject. The survey research method was adopted for this paper and a questionnaire was served to librarians, lecturers and student of the above institution to generate data. Descriptive statistics was used in analysing the data collected. Specifically percentages and tables were used. It was discovered that the funds allocated to the polytechnic library by the institution was inadequate to run the library. It was recommended that the institution has to increase the subvention given to the polytechnic library for better productivity and to provide efficient and effective services to both staff and students of the institution.
Keywords: Evaluation, Academic, Library, Services, Polytechnic
THE MAKING OF EFFECTIVE DECISIONS IN PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANIZATIONS USING THE LENS OF E-PARTICIPATION
SABO AHMAD, PHD* & SIRAJO ADO JAHUN
Department of Public Administration, School of Management Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, P.M.B. 0231 Bauchi, Bauchi State Nigeria
Few attempt to assess impact of e-participation on effectiveness of decisions in public sector organizations is apparent nonetheless, a number of literature on participatory policy processes. With e-participation introducing new opportunity that opens up a new discourse in public organization, this paper highlights the effect e-participation presents on public sector decisions as an integral part of governance in developing countries. Given that quality and acceptability of public decisions is to a larger extend depend on the level of the openness of the process as well as involvement of a wide range of stakeholders, e-participation could be a panacea to the challenges of governance confronting public sector organizations in the developing countries such as rigidness, inefficiency, poor accountability and corrupt practices. The situation brings to relevance, the proposition of technology determinism recognizing that performance of public organization as a function of viably advanced technology. As a catalyst for organizational change and quality administrative decisions, e-application has the potentials to facilitate transparent administrative decisions thereby increase participation in the entire gamut of democratic processes as a requisite for sustainable development.
Keywords: e-Participation, e-Administration, Decision Making, Public Sector, Developing Countries
MANAGING NOMADIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA; CHALLENGES AND WAY FORWARD
AISHATU SALIHU BELLO (Ph.D)
Department of Science Education, Modibbo Adama University of Technology (MAUTECH) Yola, Nigeria.
Nigeria strives towards the provision of quality education for all its citizens. The nomads are classified as educational disadvantage people in Nigeria. However, achieving education for all will be a mirage without quality and affordable education for nomadic people. This paper examined the historical background to nomadic education in Nigeria, the purpose of blueprint on nomadic education and the curriculum.Similarly, an important aspect of this article tweets on the challenges of nomadic education in Nigeria, which includelow level of enrolment, drop-out rate, inadequate teachers and lack of fund.Based on these challenges, the authors proffer many solutions such as, improved welfare packages for teachers, curriculum overhauling, adequate provision of instructional materials and proper funding. It was therefore recommended; that the Nigerian government should place nomadic school teachers in a higher salary scales, and State basic education board should stop indiscriminate transfer of teachers from nomadic basic schools to conventional schools without replacements.
Keywords: Education, Nomads, Salary, School, Teachers.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN WORLD LITERATURE: THE GROTESQUE IN MARGARET ATWOOD’S FICTION
Department of General Studies, the Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu.
The present paper aims to examine the presence of the grotesque in Margaret Atwood’s The Year of the Flood. The grotesque would be used in conjunction with the theory of ecocriticism. The ensuing concept – eco grotesque will be used to analyze the novel under three elements of the grotesque: disharmony, abnormality, and the comic and the terrifying. It is significant to highlight the grotesque aspects of Atwood’s fiction so that future readers can see the symbiosis between her ecocriticism and the grotesque mode. Previous studies on her work especially, on The Year of the Flood have not been able to highlight these elements of the grotesque. This study will aim to provide this addition to the body of knowledge on her fiction. In The Year of the Flood the harmony within nature is disrupted. Gene splicing which leads to the creation of new life forms such as the liobam, Pigoon, wolvogs, and the post human crakers results in the reordering of nature. These new life forms are a direct contradiction of the natural order of things. Atwood’s position has been that if the excesses of science and technology is not curbed through ethical regulations; there would be serious catastrophe. The privileging of science over all other forms of endeavor in our world should be urgently reviewed.
Keywords: Bioengineering, Gene Splicing, Life forms, the crakers ‘waterless flood’.
AN ANALYSIS OF NIGERIAN NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS IN THE CONTEXT OF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNICATION
Department of Mass Communication, A.D Rufa’i College for Legal & Islamic Studies, Misau
This paper analyzed the success or otherwise of the Nigerian National Development Plans from development communication perspective. However, in order to set a stage for such analysis, there are an indispensable need to embarked on a historical excursion into development planning in the country as that will enable us visualize certain events as they unfolded in the past. The paper subdivided into: Abstract; Introduction; Conceptual Definition on Development, National Development, Development Planning; History of National Development Planning in Nigeria; challenges of development planning in Nigeria, conclusion and recommendations. It concludes that the success of the National Development Plans were hampered by some social and political exigencies in the country, they however witnessed some landmark achievement in some quarters that laid a solid foundation for Nigeria’s economy development. The paper recommends that, massive re-training and attitudinal re-orientation for our leadership and governing elites of the country and development communication should be encourage among the Nigerian communicators especially journalists.
Keywords: Development, National Development, National Planning, Development Communication
NIGERIAN CHRISTIAN PERSPECTIVE ON MARRIAGE AND FAMILY
RIMAMSIKWE HABILA KITAUSE, Ph.D1 & ABIGAIL MOSES EMBWA2
1Lecturer, Department of Christian Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Taraba State University, PMB 1167, Jalingo 2Lecturer, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Taraba State University, PMB 1167, Jalingo.
Marriage is a universal phenomenon that cuts across cultures and religions with nuances of beliefs and praxis. The Christian perspective of marriage destabilizes the long existing traditional norms of marriage. This paper employs descriptive and analytic approaches in its studies. It is revealed that there seems to be a cold war going on between the Christian and the traditional concepts of marriage. The former appears fashionable and attractive while the latter even though looks archaic and undesirable is still exerting a great deal of influence on Christians and the society at large. As discovered, the departure of Christians from their original culture seems to be too slow otherwise by now, Christianity would have completely swallowed up the traditions of the Africans in the areas of polygamy, divorce and remarrying, widowhood and the likes. The paper submits that it is high time Christians did all that is within their reach to follow God’s own method in marriage by shunning any of man’s innovations and modernity in running and maintaining the family.
Keywords: Christian, Family, Marriage, love, Patience
CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF NIGERIAN ACADEMICS IN CONFORMITY WITH LITERATURE REVIEW: A FOCUS ON APA REFERENCING FORMAT
ABDULLAHI, ABUBAKAR & LAWAL UMAR MARADUN,
Department of Mass Communication, Abdu-Gusau Polytechnic, Talata-Mafara, Zamfara State.
Authors of the Nigerian academic papers are utterly challenged and critiqued for inadequacies and unsatisfactory coverage in their review of the previous works. Those writings are described as lacking conformity and literary uniformity to the international standards in the league of academic journals due to poor review. It is astonishing that many paper writers are found reporting authors’ works in verbatim in lieu of literature review. This academic slippery made many works not good enough to match the World class convention. In view of this, the study assessed academic papers presented at the Lagos and Sokoto States’ Universities international conferences, which are products of researches and position papers authored by the universities and polytechnics lecturers. The results established that writers do not conform to the most popular APA reference style in their works in terms of literature review. In effect, what they are found documenting is rewriting and reverts in the name of reviewing previous literature without identifying gaps in knowledge. The study adopted quantitative contents analysis method for evaluating 78 papers using rating scales. The study however arrived at the conclusion that the papers studied did not conformed with the modern practice of review and therefore are confusion of sort to be referred to for qualitative educational researches. The study however, reexamined most of the challenges academics face in the documentation of the concurrent literature. The paper recommended that Undergraduates and Postgraduates should be provided with writing skill for journal publication essential to the development of their careers as part of the training to enable them excel.
Keywords: Nigerian Academics, APA Reference Format, Universities’ Conference Papers.
IMPROVING NIGERIA’S ECONOMY THROUGH ENTREPRENEURIAL AGRICULTURAL DIVERSIFICATION
* ISERE, VICTORIA OSHUARE, ** OTTI, VICTOR UZOMA(Ph.D) *** AGU, CYRIL OBIORA
*Department Of Humanities And Social Sciences, School Of General Studies, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi **Department Of Public Administration, School Of Business Studies, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi ***Departmentof Business Administration, School Of Business Studies, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi.
This paper has a major aim of unearthing the basic indicators of improved economy. The paper has reviewed empirical works on the role of entrepreneurial agriculture and diversification on the Nigerian economy. Issues of poverty, hunger, food security and economic growth were raised. A deliberate attempt at diversifying the Nigerian economy was advanced. Problems of poor funding, sustainability, monocultural economic policy, poor infrastructure and entrepreneurial skills as truncating Nigeria’s bid for economic development were raised. This paper concludes by making some recommendations that government should encourage agropreneurs to participate in the agricultural sector development, total ban on importation of agro products; youths must be targeted and encouraged to go into agriculture and total diversification of the economy above all.
Keywords: Economy, Entrepreneurial, Through, Diversification, Agricultural.
THE CREEDS AND ATTRIBUTES OF CHRISTIANS AND THE WAYS QUR’AN CHALLENGED THEM IN THE LIGHT OF SURATUL BAQARAH AND MA’IDAH
School of Remedial and Continuing Education, A.D Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State
The writer examines the origin of Christianity as highlighted by Islam in order to negate the misconception and misrepresentation of those who attributed the origins of Christianity to prophet Isa (Jesus A.S). However, the creeds and attributes of Christian and the various challenges labelled against them are also taking into cognisance.
Keywords: Challenges, Attributes, Qur’an, Christians and Light.
TOWARDS A SUSTAINABLE DEMOCRACY IN NIGERIA IN THE 21ST CENTURY.
*MOHAMMED-HASHIMU YUNUSA, PH.D AND **FATIMA ABUBAKAR KATCHA
*Department Of Political Science, Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State **Department Of Political Science, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Niger State.
Prior to 1999, Nigerians have struggled for a stable democracy. Unfortunately the efforts were truncated by the military as a result of their incursion into political power struggle. However, in 1999, a democratic government was instituted. Nigerians have therefore experienced five general elections between 1999 to 2015 but bedeviled with series of problems. How to sustain the democracy is the concern of this paper. The paper stresses that to sustain Nigeria’s democracy in the 21st century, let there be constitutionalism, fighting corruption, fighting object poverty, let there be synergy between the government and the governed, mobilization of the citizenry, actualization of the peoples resource rights, civil society groups must be brought into the center of democracy, finally, political parties must democratize.
Keywords: Democracy, Corruption, Poverty, Human Rights, Political Parties.