AFRICAN SCHOLARS JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (Vol. 6 No. 1)
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.
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AN EXAMINATION OF THE EFFECT OF PEER TUTORING ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SENIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING: A CASE STUDY OF EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE
-BENEDICTA OMEGHIE OYEMI
Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER), Social and Governance Policy Research Department.
In today’s global educational setting, improved strategies for imparting knowledge and skills to students of all ages and educational levels are evolving with serious and vital implications on both the teachers and the students. The teacher-centred instruction is beginning to wear away as more dynamic and purposeful models of imparting knowledge are being introduced into the educational scene. One of such effective methods of current discussion in the world is “peer-tutoring” which an aspect of cooperative learning. There has long been concern that traditional curricula, delivered and assessed in traditional ways, promote a surface approach to learning rather than a deep or even a strategic approach. As schools move closer to the goals of providing education for all children, increasing amounts of attention and energy are being devoted to developing pedagogical approaches that are appropriate in heterogeneous classrooms. However, from literature review, peer tutoring has been found to be very effective in the teaching of many educational subjects. Business education and their related subjects have not been subjected to peer tutoring model of teaching. This is important taking into consideration the dwindling trends in student’s enrolment in the subject. The concern of this study is to determine whether peer tutoring can have effect on academic achievement of senior secondary students in financial accounting. Findings indicate that peer tutoring technique is a very effective technique for improving the performance of students in Financial Accounting. The study revealed that there is a significant difference in the mean scores of students in the control (teacher centred instruction) and experiment group (peer tutoring). Therefore, the paper recommends that ministries of education and other relevant stakeholders in the education sector should develop a framework for the integration of peer tutoring model as a teaching technique in schools.
Keywords: Examination, Tutoring, Achievement, Students, Accounting
CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF NIGERIAN ACADEMICS IN CONFORMITY WITH LITERATURE REVIEW: A FOCUS ON APA REFERENCING FORMAT
ABDULLAHI, ABUBAKAR & LAWAL UMAR MARADUN,
Department of Mass Communication, Abdu-Gusau Polytechnic, Talata-Mafara, Zamfara State.
Authors of the Nigerian academic papers are utterly challenged and critiqued for inadequacies and unsatisfactory coverage in their review of the previous works. Those writings are described as lacking conformity and literary uniformity to the international standards in the league of academic journals due to poor review. It is astonishing that many paper writers are found reporting authors’ works in verbatim in lieu of literature review. This academic slippery made many works not good enough to match the World class convention. In view of this, the study assessed academic papers presented at the Lagos and Sokoto States’ Universities international conferences, which are products of researches and position papers authored by the universities and polytechnics lecturers. The results established that writers do not conform to the most popular APA reference style in their works in terms of literature review. In effect, what they are found documenting is rewriting and reverts in the name of reviewing previous literature without identifying gaps in knowledge. The study adopted quantitative contents analysis method for evaluating 78 papers using rating scales. The study however arrived at the conclusion that the papers studied did not conformed with the modern practice of review and therefore are confusion of sort to be referred to for qualitative educational researches. The study however, reexamined most of the challenges academics face in the documentation of the concurrent literature. The paper recommended that Undergraduates and Postgraduates should be provided with writing skill for journal publication essential to the development of their careers as part of the training to enable them excel.
Keywords: Nigerian Academics, APA Reference Format, Universities’ Conference Papers.
PERCEIVED IMPACT OF TEACHERS’ CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES ON EFFECTIVE TEACHING: A STUDY OF FORTY PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN YOBE STATE, NIGERIA
IBRAHIM BABA FIKA (PhD) & MUSA MALLUM (M.Ed in View)
Department of Education, Faculty of Education, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria.
This study investigated the perceived impact of teachers’ classroom management techniques on effective teaching in forty senior secondary schools in Yobe State, Nigeria. Five research questions were answered. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The population comprised of 40 senior secondary schools with 2,468 teachers from the three educational zones. Simple random sample was used to draw 250 teachers (10%). Likert scale of four point’s questionnaire was adopted with 25 items titled: Perceived Impact of Teachers’ Classroom Management Techniques (PITCMT) was used for data collection. Mean and standard deviation statistics were used to answer the research questions. The findings revealed that teachers’ classroom management has impact on effective teaching. It was recommended that teachers should be enlightened through workshops or seminars about the importance of teachers’ personality in classroom management; teachers should be adequately prepared in term of lesson planning, good instructional materials and use of right pedagogy for effective classroom management; teachers should come down to the students’ level of comprehension through the use of simple language for effective classroom management; teachers should be consistent with time, lesson delivery, pedagogy, lesson plan, instructional materials and teacher style of leadership for effective classroom management; teachers should ensure the uses of clean classroom environment and proper teachers’ dressing for effective classroom management.
Keywords: Perceived, Classroom, Management, Techniques, Effective, Teaching.
IMPACT OF GENDER, O’LEVEL ACCOUNTING AND ATTENDANCE ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ACCOUNTING
Business Education Department, Federal College of Education, Zaria.
This study investigated the impact of gender, O’level Accounting and attendance on the performance of students in BED 111 examination. Secondary data extracted from the students files and BED 111 result in the Business Education Department, Federal College of Education were used. Multiple Regression Techniques was employed to estimate the nature of the relationship between the variables. The results of the study reveals that gender does not significantly affect the performance of students in BED 111 examination. Furthermore, the study documents positive relationship between O’level Accounting, attendance and academic performance of students in BED 111 examination. The study concludes that O’level and attendance were key drivers of performance of students in BED 111 examination. Therefore, the study recommends that that the management of the college should be organizing orientation for both new and returning students so that the students will be sensitized on the importance of attending lectures. Also, the academic adviser of NCE III should advise students to take option that they have prior knowledge.
Keywords: Prior Knowledge, Academic Performance, Gender, Learning, Process.
IMPACT OF RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES ON PHYSICAL AND MENTAL FITNESS AMONG STUDENTS AND STAFF OF STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) LAFIAGI: COUNSELLING IMPLICATION
I.G USMAN (Ph.D.)
Department of Counselling Psychology, IBB University, Lapai, Niger State.
This work examined the perception of students and staff of the State College of Education (Technical), Lafiaji in Kwara State, on the impact of recreational activities on physical and mental fitness of the body. The study used stratified random and sampling technique to one higher institution in the Northern Zone and teachers. A total sample of 120 respondents were used including; male and female folks. The instrument which was coined, “Recreation Activities for Physical and Mental Fitness of Students and Lecturers” (RAPMFSL), with 20 items was validated by three experts and test re-test method was used to obtain reliability of 0.83, which was found suitable for the study. Almost all the subjects used responded that they agreed that reactional activities can impact on physical and mental fitness of individuals. The result of the two hypothesis confirmed that students and staff acceded positively to the impact of recreational activities on the basis of occupation and marital status. Counselling strategies to make recreational activities implementable among students and staff were discussed. Conclusion and recommendations were proffered such as allocation of time table for recreational activities, provision of sports equipments and regular training in terms of competition so as to enhance physical fitness and well being of individuals for active performance in our daily routines.
Keyword: Impact, Recreational Activities, Physical Fitness, Mental Fitness, Counselling Implication.
EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION, SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT AND THEIR RELATION TO ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT (STUDY ON STUDENTS IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN THE NORTH EASTERN REGION OF NIGERIA)
*AMINU SANI **PROF. ALI FARAH AHMED & ***USMAN BAKARI
Department of Educational Foundations, Taraba State University, P.M.B 1167 Jalingo **College of Education, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum ***Department of Arts and Social Science Education, Taraba State University, Jalingo.
The paper investigates Extrinsic motivation, school environment and their relation to Academic Achievement. (study on students in colleges of education in the north eastern region of Nigeria). Three hundred and seventy two (372) respondents were selected from the total population of nineteen thousand four hundred and twenty four (19, 424). Correlational survey Design was adopted for the study, also stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used in drawing the sample colleges and population of the study. Questionnaire developed by the researcher was the major instrument for data collection, together with students Academic achievement scores in (CGPAs) for comparison. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Pearson product moment correlation coefficient were used in testing the three null hypotheses raised, at (0.05) level of significance. The results of the study showed that extrinsic motivation does not significantly relate to students academic achievement, school environment significantly relates to students academic achievement and the level of extrinsic motivation among students was generally low. This shows that extrinsic motivation does not have positive relationship to academic achievement of students, school environment has positive relationship to students’ academic achievement and the extrinsic motivation level among students is generally low, which has supported the first finding of the study. The paper recommends that Parents/Guardians and Government should inculcate positive values of education to students in order to enhance their intrinsic motivation, Government and College Proprietors should improve Physical, Social and Academic environment of the Learners in order to improve their academic achievement.
Keywords: Extrinsic Motivation, School Environment, Academic Achievement, Relation, Students
ACADEMIC STAFF UTILIZATION AND COMMITMENT TO PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
Mustapha Baba Ibi1 (PhD) Aishatu Salihu Bello2 (PhD) Babagana Muhammad Aji3
Department of Social Science Education, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria1 Department of Technology-Education, Modibo Adama University of Technology (MAUTEC), Yola, Nigeria2 University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria3
The study determines the relationship between academic staff utilization and commitment to Professional Practice in Colleges of Education, Adamawa State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to determine: the level of academic staff utilization in Colleges of Education, the level of academic staff commitment to professional practice in Colleges of Education and the relationship between academic staff utilization and commitment to Professional practice in Colleges of Education Adamawa State Nigeria. Two research questions were raised and answered as one hypothesis was tested. The study adopted correlation research design. The population of the study comprised 250 academic staff in Federal College of Education Yola and 251 academic staff in College of Education, Hong. A simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 148 academic staff from the two Colleges of Education in the state. The data collected through questionnaire were analyzed using descriptive statistic of frequency and percentage counts to answer research questions 1 and 2 while Pearson Product Movement Correlation Coefficient was used to test the hypothesis. The result of the study revealed that the level of academic staff utilization in Colleges of Education in Adamawa state was relatively high, the level of academic staff commitment to professional practice in Colleges of Education in Adamawa State was low, there was no significant relationship between Academic staff utilization and Academic staff commitment to professional practice in Colleges of Education in Adamawa State. It was recommended that there is the need for increased and sustained academic staff welfare so as to enhance and improve staff commitment in Colleges of Education in Adamawa State and that there should be flexibility on the part of Colleges of Education authorities in creating conducive atmosphere for academic staff to conduct their teaching, research, publication and community service within and outside the state.
Keywords: Staff Utilization, Staff Commitment, Effectiveness, Colleges of Education
MATHEMATICS IN TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY – IMPLICATIONS FOR SECONDARY EDUCATION
ADAMU ABDULKADIR TATA
Dept. of Pre – Nd and Remedial Studies, School of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
Mathematics is the language of the science. Science is the basis of technology and technology is the foundation for modern development. Mathematics is the only sure way of achieving technological development in the 21st century. The paper examines the relationship among mathematics, science and technology; present state of the teaching and learning of mathematics in our secondary schools, and makes recommendation for the improvement of the situation.
Keywords; Technological, Mathematics, Development, Implications, Secondary Education
ENGLISH LINGUISTIC COMPLEXITIES: IMPEDIMENTS TO COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE ACQUISITION IN THE 21TH CENTURY
Department of English, Federal College Of Education, Zaria.
In English-as-a-second-language contexts, learning and using English to perform various communicative tasks become a problem over the years. Poor performance of learners in English is often attributed to some factors: lack of learning materials, teachers’ incompetence, lack of instructional resources, poor attitude of students to second language learning etc. The current paper takes a different approach. This paper investigates the subtle characteristics inherent in the English language. The deviation and inaccurate realization of such items in written and spoken English are considered fundamental impediments to communicative competence acquisition among learners of English as a second language. Errors in the formation, conjugation and realization of surface features, which communicate the meaning of language, are a confirmation to the existence of linguistic complexities in English and their capacity to impede communication. Specifically, the paper studies the crazy characteristics of English spelling and pronunciation system, subtle nature of the English sound system, complexities associated with stress as well as intonation in English and subtlety in the structure of English adjectives etc. Others are complexities inherent in the English case system involving pronouns and auxiliaries, diversity of English register system and conjugation of verbs, nouns and adverbs. The paper recommends the use of effective reading instructions to acquaint learners with both spelling and pronunciation, teaching the English adjectives using real-life text and passages, teaching the correct use of stress in words and intonation in utterances for effective communication, teaching the register system of English and English conjugation processes.
Keywords: English linguistic complexities, communicative competence, second language teaching and learning
SIMILAR THOUGHTS, DIFFERENT CODES: A COMPARATIVE PRAGMATIC STUDY OF SELECTED YORÙBÁ AND BÀSÀ PROVERBS
*RAHIM KAJOGBOLA OMOLOSO & **PHILIP MANDA IMOH
*Department of Languages,, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin, Nigeria, **Department of Languages and Linguistics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria.
The goal of linguistic communication is to facilitate mutual understanding at all levels of human interaction. However, this very important function of language often fails, leading to interpersonal, inter-communal or even international conflicts. Coming to terms with how people understand or misunderstand one another could help in reducing social conflicts. Nigeria, like most countries in the world, is a multilingual and multi-ethnic country. This has serious implications for inter-ethnic and inter-lingual understanding, co-operation and peaceful co-existence among its people. The fact that we speak different languages appears to have obliterated the point that as humans, we share in common quite a lot of basic thoughts and experiences which constitute our cultural essence, and which are sufficient to form the bases for mutual understanding and peaceful co-existence among us. One area of language use which demonstrates this pungently is proverbs. If we take the pain to study the proverbs in different languages, we would discover that they express the same or similar thoughts, feelings and experiences. To support this view, we randomly selected twenty Yorùbá and twenty Bàsà proverbs, arranged in pairs on the basis of the similarity of their literal meanings, and subjected them to a pragmatic analysis. Yorùbá and Bàsà are two Nigerian languages located in South-west and North-central Nigeria, respectively. Geographically, the two languages do not share common boundaries. The study revealed that the selected pairs of proverbs perform similar pragmatic functions. They have similar syntactic forms, perform similar speech acts and require similar sets of pragmatic principles to be fully decoded. The paper thus concluded that an understanding of the proverbs of different languages could open the gateway to the understanding of the speakers’ culture and belief systems and pave the way for the understanding of the speakers themselves. This, the paper believed, would promote mutual understanding and peaceful co-existence among people of diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds and help to promote world peace.
Keywords: linguistic, communication, pragmatics, Yorùbá, Bàsà.