AFRICAN SCHOLARS JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (AJCER-6)
VOL. 7 NO. 6 ISSN – 2359-1991
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.
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INFLUENCE OF STUDENTS’ OCCUPATION AND GENDER ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN THE NORTH EASTERN REGION OF NIGERIA
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Taraba State University, P.M.B 1167 Jalingo
The study investigates influence of students’ occupation and Gender on Academic achievement of students in Colleges of Education in the north eastern region of Nigeria. Two objectives were formed to guide the study and two null hypotheses were formulated from the objectives of the study. Three hundred and seventy two (372) respondents were selected from the sampled Colleges of Education, out of the total population of 19, 242. t.Test statistic was used to test the two null hypotheses at (0.05) level of significance and the results showed that there is significant difference between students occupation and academic achievement of students, also significant difference does not exist between students gender and academic achievement of students in Colleges of Education, this shows that students on in-service training perform better than students without in-service training, both male and female have the same or equal academic achievement. The study concludes that students occupation has significant influence on academic achievement of students. Gender of students has no significant influence on academic achievement of students in colleges of Education. The study recommended that government should provide for students who complete a particular level of education (secondary school level) employment opportunities to enable them proceed to tertiary institutions on in service training. This enables their academic achievement grows higher for good service delivery.
Keywords: Students’ Occupation, Gender, Academic Achievement, Students, Influence
UPHOLDING INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN YOBE STATE, NIGERIA: PERCEIVED ISSUES AND CHALLENGES OF THE 21ST CENTURY
*IBRAHIM BABA FIKA (PHD) **MUSA MALLUM
*Department of Education, Faculty of Education, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria **Department of Education, Faculty of Education, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
This study investigated the upholding of ICT education on effective teaching and learning in public senior secondary schools in Yobe State, Nigeria: Issues and challenges of the 21st century. Four research questions were answered. The study adopted descriptive survey design. The population comprised of 40 public senior secondary schools with 2,468 teachers from the three educational zones. Simple random sampling was used to draw 250 teachers (10%). Likert scale of four point’s questionnaire was adopted with 24 items titled: Upholding ICT Education in Public Secondary Schools (UICETPSS) was used for data collection. Mean and standard deviation statistics were used to answer the research questions. The findings revealed that upholding ICT education in public secondary schools are faced with numerous issues and challenges in the 21st century. It was recommended that Yobe State Government should put more effort in funding ICT in public secondary schools in order to meet up with the required needs of ICT equipments in teaching and learning; Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs), communities, individual groups and wealthy individuals should be encouraged by Government to supports in financing ICT education in public secondary school; School administrators should create a good leadership through good maintenance culture, promoting staff development and condusive school climates in upholding ICT
education for effective teaching and learning; State Government and private organization should intervene in curtailing the challenges of upholding ICT education in public secondary schools.
Keywords: Upholding, Information Communication Technology (ICT), Perceived, Issues, Challenges.
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) AS A TOOL FOR ENHANCING TEACHING AND LEARNING IN NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS
1OKEGBEMIRO, JAMIU OKESOLA, 2JIBRIN IBRAHIM BAPPAH, 3MUHAMMAD ADAMU AHMAD
1Department of Office Technology and Management Education 2&3Department of Accounting Education
The study investigated Information and Communication Technology (ICT) facilities utilization for enhancing teaching and learning among tertiary institutions’ students and lecturers in Nigeria with focus on Federal College of Education (Technical) Gombe in Gombe State. Survey method was adopted in this work. Usable data were collected from 200 students and lecturers of tertiary institutions in Gombe State Metropolis through randomly administered questionnaires. Hypotheses were postulated to give direction to the study. Data collection was carried out with the instrument called ICT Utilization for Instructional Service Delivery Questionnaire (I.U.I.S.D.Q.). Data that relates to the research questions were analyzed using frequency count and percentage, while the Null hypothesis was tested using chi square test. The results showed a strong relationship between the use of ICT tools and enhancement in teaching and learning. Recommendations for more investment in ICT based teaching and learning tools, acquisition of ICT skills and the integration of ICT education in school curriculums were proffered.
Keywords: Utilization, Computer Curriculum, Educational Tools, ICT Skills, ICT Facilities
‘OPON IMO’ (COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION) AND HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN OSUN STATE
1KAREEM, A.A., PH.D, 2BABAYEMI, J.O., PH.D
1Department of Science Education University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria 2Department of Science Education Akwa-Ibom State University, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
This study determined the effect of ‘Opon Imo’- computer assisted instruction on high school students’ academic achievement in Agricultural Science in Osun State, Nigeria. The moderating effects of students’ gender and attitude on achievement was also examined. The study employed one group pretest – posttest experimental research design. Three secondary schools initially provided with the computer tablets (Opon Imo) by the state government of Osun were purposively selected for the study. One senior secondary school II class was randomly selected in each of the three selected schools making a total of 152 students. Agricultural Science Achievement Test I (ASAT I) (r=0.86), Agricultural Science Achievement Test II (ASAT II) (r= 0.78) and Students’ Attitude to ‘Opon Imo’ (SAO) (r = 0.79) were used to collect data. The data collected were analyzed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Five hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study showed that ‘Opon Imo’ (Computer Assisted Instruction) has significant effect on students’ academic achievement in Agricultural Science (F(1,151) = 14.987; P 0.05; ɳ=.177). It was also revealed that gender and attitude have no effect on students’ achievement in Agricultural Science. The study therefore, recommends continuous and permanent supply of ‘Opon Imo’ – computer assisted instruction to all categories of students in senior secondary school. This will assist teaching and learning of all subjects in SS II and other classes and consequently, a continuous improvement in achievement in Agricultural Science and other subjects in SS II and other classes in senior secondary school.
Keywords: Achievement, Agricultural Science, Attitude, Computer Aided Instruction, ‘Opon Imo’
RELEVANCE OF ACCREDITATION ON QUALITY HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN)
*OKEKE EMEKA PAUL AND **OYEMI BENEDICTA OMEGHIE
*Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER), Ibadan.
Obviously the demand for higher education is on the increase all over the world and efforts must be put in place to satisfy the aspirations of the people for this level of education. The paper examined the relevance of accreditation on quality higher education in Nigeria. It further discussed the role of accreditation on quality higher education under conceptual issues. Six research questions were formulated to guide the study. Descriptive survey design was used for the study. The population for the study was ninety academic staff and the questionnaires were designed to collect data on accreditation and quality higher education in Nigeria. Frequency tables and percentage were used to analyse the data collected. The findings showed that accreditation is a determinant of quality education in Nigeria’s higher education and revealed that academic development programme and capacity building for academic staff enhances quality education. Thus, the paper recommended that periodic orientation should be carried out on both students and the universities staff, since their responses influence the academic system. In conclusion the major constraints facing accreditation of higher education are problems of post assessment exercise which might expose some of the schools that are used to borrowing facilities for accreditation. Hence, the study provided the best ways for the stakeholders to identify and prioritize capacity enhancement for quality improvement on higher education through accreditation of academic programmes.
Keywords: Higher Education, Accreditation, University, Quality and Programmes
AUGUSTINE AS THE THOUGHT-CURRENT OF THE CHURCH’S DOCTRINAL TRADITION: REFLECTIONS AUGUSTINUM HIPPONSENSEM
KANU, IKECHUKWU ANTHONY
Augustinian Institute, Makurdi, Nigeria
This paper has studied the reflection of Pope John Paul II on Augustine, who had the principal aim of urging the spiritual sons and daughters of this great saint to keep his fascination alive and attractive in the modern world. He thus discussed Augustine’s thoughts on the interaction of faith and reason, Christ and the church, freedom and grace, charity and the acsent of the spirit. And from his presentation of Augustine, it is arguable that Augustine is the Thought-Current of the Church’s Doctrinal Tradition.
Keywords: Augustine, Though-current, Tradition, John Paul II, Augustinum Hipponsensem
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION AS A PANACEA TO NATIONAL SECURITY
OGUNNIYI GANIYU EBUDOLA
Department of Building Technology Education, School of Technical Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano state, Nigeria.
Nigeria and most African countries had been bedeviled by insecurity in all facets and life. Insecurity comes in different shades and magnitude among which include militancy, kidnapping and human trafficking, election related crises, environmental degradation and terrorism in some parts of country. This paper looked at entrepreneurship education as education which can be used to eradicate poverty, enhance productivity and national security. The concept of entrepreneurship education was also examined as an important means and a valuable strategy to ensure productivity by boosting job creation for young people. One of the recommendations advanced in this paper was that Nigerians should be encouraged to embrace entrepreneurship education in order for them to be self-reliant and wealth creators without depending on government for white-collar jobs.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Education, Panacea, National Security.
AN ASSESSMENT OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT’S ATTITUDE TOWARD CHEMISTRY SUBJECT IN MISAU L.G.A. BAUCHI STATE.
HASSAN ABDULLAHI MISAU
School of Remedial & Continuing Education A.D. Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Tudies P.M.B 004 Misau, Bauchi State.
This research seeks to determine SS Ill student’s attitude toward Chemistry subject in Misau L.G.A. The population of the study comprises all the Senior Secondary Schools of the Local Government, however, 200 students were randomly selected to serve as a sample of the study. The data collected was analyzed using simple percentage and the result obtained showed that Senior Secondary School students, attitude toward Chemistry is favourable in the sense that it revealed students’ Likeness to Chemistry and they agreed that Chemistry is among the best Science subjects. Base on the result obtained, the researcher recommend an all-round improvement in the processes, methods, facilities and the administration involved in the teaching and learning of Chemistry in Secondary Schools within the Local Government Area.
Keywords: Assessment, Secondary, Students, Attitudes, Chemistry.
Factors Militating Against The Standards Of Secondary School Education: A Case Study Of Egor Local Government Area Of Edo State
BENEDICTA OMEGHIE ISUNUEO
Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (Niser), Social and Governance Policy Research Department
Education is the best legacy a nation can give to her citizens especially the youth. This is because the development of any nation or community depends largely on the quality of education of such a nation. Concern about standards is uppermost in educational discourse all over the world. This is quite understandable given the growing importance of trans-border education provisions in the wake of globalization and massification of education. In Nigeria, the problem of standards in education are stirred by the combined effects of population explosion in the classroom at all levels, deteriorating physical facilities; continued inadequacy in funding; recurrent strike actions by all sectors as well as student unrest that lead to truncated academic calendar particularly in higher institutions. The products of today’s secondary systems can neither usefully live in the society nor move into higher institution without their parents’ aid or forgery. While there is poor standard of education at the secondary level in Nigeria, few or no systematic study have been conducted to evaluate the factors militating against standards of secondary school education. It is in this context that this study will be undertaken with a view to filling the above identified research gaps. The study utilized the survey research design. The population of this study consisted of all the secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. Teachers and SS 3 students in the selected schools were used for the study. The main research instrument is a questionnaire. Data collected was analysed with the use of Statistical packages of the social sciences. Results among other findings confirmed that educational standards are falling in the study area. It further shows that there are significant differences between the standards of education now and the last ten years. The paper recommends the provision of school facilities and other resources necessary for effective teaching and learning.
Keywords: Education, Standards of Education, Secondary Education, Teaching and Learning and Egor Local Government Area.
FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS AT BAUCHI CENTRAL SENATORIAL DISTRICT
BABAYO MUHAMMAD OTHMAN AND BABAYO JUNGUDO
School of Remedial & Continuing Education A.D. Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Tudies P.M.B 004 Misau, Bauchi State
This study was design to determine factors responsible for secondary school students’ perception, on poor performance in mathematics in some Selected Secondary Schools in Bauchi State Central Senatorial District. The population of the study consists of five (5) senior secondary school, having a total population of seven hundred and ninety five (795) students. 35% of the entire population was chosen as a sample size, proportionate stratified sampling techniques was used as a method of determining the sample size of which 297 student was found as a representatives from the selected Secondary Schools in three Local Government Areas. Mathematics Anxiety Rating scale (MAR-R), was use as an instrument for collecting the data for the study, the internal consistency of the instrument with 15 items was tested using Cronbach’s alpha and .97, N=795,. The data collected were presented and analyzed using SPSS, Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA) was employed, as this study involved test of relationship between a dependent variable and many independent variables and the data analyzed did not satisfy parametric requirement. The Result revealed that, when students’ performance was predicted, it was found that students’ poor performance in Mathematics in Secondary Schools is due to students’ negative attitude, teachers’ factor, poor students’ background and problems related to environment, were significant predictors. The overall model fit was R2 = .973 which means 97% of the variance of performance was explained by the included predictors. Based on these findings, recommendations were made such as Teachers should relate classwork with practical life situation to enable students see the importance of mathematic, Parents should encourage their children to developed reading culture at home after school hours and Students should be exposing to the importance of Mathematics during their early lives, and the potential benefits in future.
Keywords: Effects, Mathematics, Performance, Students and Secondary School
JOURNALISTIC PERSPECTIVE ON THE ROLE OF TEACHERS IN STUDENT EXCHANGE PROGRAMME (SEP) OF THE NORTH-WESTERN STATES: THE NEW STRATEGIES AND APPROACHES
*ABUBAKAR ABDULLAHI **ABUBAKAR ABBAS & ***MUHAMMAD TUKUR JANYAU.
*Government Unity College, Gummi, MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, GUSAU, Zamfara State. **Dept. of Adults and Non-Formal Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education (SSCOE), Sokoto, Sokoto State ***Department of History, College of Arts and Sciences, Gusau, Zamfara State.
Sequel to the reintroduction of unity colleges during General Yakubu Gowon’s regime whose similar programme was emulated by the Northern Nigeria’s States governors shortly after the end of the Civil War 1967-1970; the State-sponsored Student Exchange Programme suffers incessant challenge that made the Exchange Students from participating states not to be the paradigm envisioned to weave the spirit of unity of the north and the nation at large. The SEP study mission which is believed to have been achieved is faced with stiff-necked challenges that stunted the programme to meet its philosophy and rationale for which it was established. This problem is linked to the SEP teachers’ poor backgrounds of trans-ethno-linguistics geography of the north per se to handle the programme with efficiency. It is in the light of this, that this paper examined and found some structural factors debilitating against the successes and achievements of the SEP programme which turned the schools into a mirage and charade of sort. In view of these, the Northern governors were found not giving adequate attention to reconsider the programme for its resuscitation. The study critically assessed SEP Teachers’ proficiency and readiness in handling the system to its logical conclusion. The paper applied quantitative survey method using 84 questionnaires and were analysed. The finding attested that77.38% of the SEP academic staffs have never received any orientation on SEP school programme and do not know its vision and mission. State Government Unity Secondary Schools, Gummi (Zamfara State); Government Unity Secondary School, Kazaure, (Jigawa State) and Sani Dingyadi Unity Secondary School, Sokoto, (Sokoto State) were sampled for the study. The paper recommended that SEP programme should be remodeled and be managed under the auspices of the Northern Governors Forum.
Keywords: Journalistic perspective, Role, Teachers, Students Exchange Programme.
WOMEN EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: THE NEED FOR HIGHER PREMIUM
NASIRU MUHAMMAD ANKA
Department of Adult and Non-Formal Education, Zamfara State College Of Education, Maru.
Since creation, women have been endowed with natural gift, which identified them as a group with essential ingredients for nation building. In the traditional Nigerian society, high premium was placed on women education, for the achievement of traditional educational objectives. Informal education was provided to enable them perform their roles as wives, mothers and nation builders. The introduction of formal education with its many challenges further identifies and stresses the importance of women education. Until recently, parents were sceptical about women education due to some social and emotional risk. The governments were sitting on the fence, while preference was giving to male education. The activities of some women in the management have tended to convince the government and the people about the benefit that could be derived from women education. There is the need for positive change of attitude on the part of every citizen towards women education. Necessary support need to be given by every sector of the community, to make the campaign for women education worthwhile. Through proper education, women will able to contribute meaningfully to social economy, political, cultural.
Keywords: Women Education, Need and Higher Premium.
MODELING INSTRUCTION: A MAJOR FOCUS FOR ENHANCING STUDENTS’ RETENTION OF PHYSICS CONCEPTS IN RIVERS STATE
Dr. (Mrs) A.U. NWANEKEZI & Mr. NDAH, SIMEON CHIMA
Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
The study investigated modeling instruction as a major focus for the enhancement of secondary school students’ retention of physics concepts such as Newtonian forces and projectile motion. The study used a quasi-experimental design and was conducted at three senior secondary schools in Rivers State, all drawn from Ikwerre Education Zone. Using a multi-stage sample random technique a sample of 105 SS2 physics students was drawn for the study. Three research questions were answered and three hypotheses were tested at .05 alpha 1evel. The instrument used for data collection was Secondary School Physics Achievement and Retention Test (SSPART) which measured the students’ achievement and retention respectively. Percentage, mean, and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while the hypotheses were evaluated with ANCOVA and t-est. It was found out, that modeling instruction was superior to demonstration method in the enhancement of students’ retention of physics concepts as well as academic achievement. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others, that teachers should adopt modeling instruction in physics classroom since it could be an effective instructional strategy whereby students build models through guided laboratory activities.
Keywords: Enhancing; Modeling Instruction; Students’ Retention