Harvard International Journal of Contemporary Education Research (HIJCER)
Vol.10 (5) June, 2019 Editions ISSN: 0095 – 3538
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EFFECTS OF A COMPUTER-ASSISTED INSTRUCTIONAL PACKAGE ON LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT OF CELLULAR RESPIRATION AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IBADAN, NIGERIA.
*OLUSEGUN TAYO ODEKUNLE (PH.D.) **PROFESSOR ISAAC OLAKANMI ABIMBOLA ***ODEKUNLE OLUWABUKOLA R. *OLUWAKEMI ADEOYE (PH.D.)
*Science Education Department, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. **Excellent Learning Technology Ltd. S6 Oyun Street, Mandate III Estate, Ilorin, Nigeria ***Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Life Science, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.
This study investigated the effects of Computer-Assisted Instructional Package [(CAIP) (a special CAI package for this research)] on students’ achievement in cellular respiration and the influence of gender when exposed to Computer-Assisted Instructional Package (CAIP).A quasi-experimental, pre-test, post-test, and control group, involving a 2×2 design was adopted for the study. Two research hypotheses were formulated and tested. Four intact classes, involving 107 Senior School one (SS1) students (48 males and 59 females) from two public and private secondary schools, were purposively sampled in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. A CAIP and an Achievement Test on Cellular Respiration (ATCR) were used for data collection, after due validation with a reliability co-efficient of 0.84. t-test and ANCOVA were used to analyse the data collected. The findings of the study were that: (i) the achievement of the SS1 students exposed to CAIP on cellular respiration and those taught with Conventional Method of Instruction (CMI) indicated a significant difference, in favour of students taught with CAIP, F(1, 104) = 133.22, p< 0.05; (ii) no significant difference existed in the achievement of the students, based on gender; it can be concluded that for effective teaching – learning process to take place, Senior Secondary School students may benefit a great deal from the use Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI). The study recommended, that CAIP should be made available for teachers’ and students’ use in our secondary schools.
Keywords: Computer-Assisted Instruction, Conventional Method of Instruction, Cellular respiration, Academic Achievement, Gender.
IMPACT OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY ON EDUCATION OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLIS, BORNO STATE
1IBRAHIM BABA FIKA (PH. D) 2COMFORT JAUNI ABAH
1Department of Education, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria 2Women Education Unit, Ministry of Education, Borno State, Nigeria
The study was designed to determine the impact of Boko Haram Insurgency on education of Senior Secondary Schools students’ in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (MMC) Nigeria. The study was guided by two objectives: to identify the root cause of Boko Haram insurgency in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (MMC), and Establish the impact of Boko Haram on the education of secondary school students in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (MMC). Four research questions were answered. Descriptive survey research design was used. The population of the study comprised of three thousand eight hundred and twenty four (3824) students while a sample of three hundred and fifty one (351) students were used in this study. A self-developed questionnaire and a proforma were used in data collection. Pie and bar chart were used for data presentation while frequency counts and simple percentages were used for data analysis. Results of the study revealed that religious extremism, poverty, illiteracy and lack of parental care are the root causes of Boko Haram Insurgency and Boko Haram insurgency greatly affected the education of Senior Secondary School students. The study recommended that Government should monitor religious preachers to ensure religious extremist are not given room to cause chaos.
THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER-DIRECTED AND STUDENT-DIRECTED BIOLOGY INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON PRE-SERVICE STUDENTS’ ENTREPRENEURSHIP SKILL: AN IMPLICATION FOR HIGHER EDUCATION
Department of Teacher Education, Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Education in Nigeria is devoid of the element crucial to averting the surging rate of unemployment in the country. Increase in violence, poverty and segregation amongst citizens occur because the educational system itself fails to empower those executing it, therefore not catering for the economy. Hence the need to employ teaching strategy that will enhance entrepreneurship culture in pre-service students, molding them into becoming job creators and not job seekers for peaceful co-existence. This study, investigated effect of teacher-directed and student-directed instructional strategies on biology students’ entrepreneurship skills. The study adopted pretest-posttest, control group – quasi experimental design using 3x2x2 factorial matrix. 360 students were selected from six Pre-service colleges in Nigeria. Five instruments used were: Students’ Entrepreneurship Skill Test (r = 0.82)., Operational Guides for; Teacher-directed Biology Instruction, Student-directed Biology Instruction and Conventional Biology Instruction. Two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were subjected to Analysis of Covariance and Scheffe post hoc test. Treatment had a significant main effect on students’ entrepreneurship skills (F(2,347) = 516.01, p<0.05). Gender and parents’ business involvement did not have significant main effect on students’ entrepreneurship skills. Teacher-directed and student-directed biology instructional strategies had positive effects on and therefore encouraged entrepreneurship among senior secondary school students. It is recommended that topics that may enhance entrepreneurship skills for teachers to emphasise during teaching, so that graduates may be gainfully employed for peace to reign in our society.
Keywords: Biology, Teacher-directed instruction, Student-directed instruction, Entrepreneurship Skill, Conventional Biology instruction.
DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS’ PROJECT TOPIC VERIFCATION AND APPROVAL SYSTEM.
AMANNAH, CONSTANE IZUCHUKWU
Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Nigiria.
Project topic allocation and approval system is the process of receiving project topics from students by the supervisor who carefully weighs the submitted topic for researchability before eventual approval. The key challenge associated with this method is frequent duplication of project topics by students, as well as copying of already existing project works in the department thereby rendering the entire research efforts unrewarding. This research work strives for a better means of verifying, evaluating, allocating, and approving project topics for students at their project year with a view to overcoming the challenges of the traditional means of approving project work and its effect on students. The aim of this study was to develop students’ project topic verification and approval system. To achieve this aim, the following objectives were designed, to; review the existing method of project topic allocation, design a project allocation system, and implement the project allocation system. Test and deploy the system. The V-model methodology was adopted in the design of the software. The software was developed using the Android OS as the platform and the outcome of the research was an android application that was able to handle the shortcomings of the existing system of project work allocation and approval. The developed android application was tested and deployed.
Keywords: Development, Verification, System, Approval, Project
EMPIRICAL DISCOVERY OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE MANAGEMENT OF WORKSHOP AND LABORATORY EQUIPMENT IN BAFARAWA TECHNICAL COLLEGE, SOKOTO.
BASHAR, Sa’adu Isa
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
This study investigated the management of workshop and laboratory equipment in Olusegun Obasanjo Technical College, Bafarawa, Sokoto state. The main objectives of the study were to find out factors that affect the management and utilization of workshop and laboratory equipment in the college. Study population involves One Hundred and Ninety-One (191) subjects covering the teaching staff, nonteaching staff and school prefects. The sample size was 97 respondents derived using the Devos’s (1998) table for sample size determination. An instrument titled ‘Management of Workshop and Laboratory Equipment Questionnaire (MWLEQ) was developed and its validity and reliability were established at 0.9 and 0.91 respectively. The data was analyzed through the SPSS and the Mean and Standard Deviation were reported in the tables. It was found that the factors that affect the management of workshop and laboratory equipment in the study area include lack of conducive environment, lack of prompt supervision, lack of maintenance culture, and lack of annual report. The study also revealed that the factors that affect the utilization of the college workshop and laboratory equipment include inadequate science and technical education teachers, and inadequate workshop and laboratory technicians. It is therefore recommended that, the Sokoto State Ministry of Science and Technical Education should be deploying workshop and laboratory personnel to the college, post adequate and qualified science and technical education teachers, provide a standby power generator in the college and finally, prompt supervision and general maintenance of the college’s workshops/laboratories should be initiated and enhanced.
Keywords: Management, Workshop, Laboratory, Equipment.
EXPLORING WAYS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF THE ALMAJIRI INTEGRATED EDUCATION FOR NATIONAL COHENSION AND GLOBAL COMPETITIONS
OLADUNJOYE PATRICK (PH.D), OWUGHA, WOYENGIDISEYE OWEI & AKENE, EUNICE TITUS
Niger Delta University, Educational Foundations Dept. Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
This study is aimed at examining the ways in which the Al-majiri Integrated Education can be used to achieve cohesion and global competitiveness. The researcher adopted the descriptive survey design. 184 Muslim teachers were randomly selected for this study from North-West and North-East geo-political zones. A questionnaire title “Using Al-majiri education for National cohesion” (UAIEFNC) was constructed by the researcher. This was validated by experts and tested for reliability using the test-re-test method and data analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Statistics and the reliability index was established at 0.82. Two research questions were formulated to guide the study and items on the questionnaire were drawn in line with the research questions. From the result of the analysis of data, it was discovered that the Almajiri Integrated Education would be useful for the unification of the country through the language learning, curriculum, skills and mutual interaction but challenges such as political will, fund, religion, parents and wrong orientation has cripped the programme. It was suggested however that the programme be revived and made to function in line with nationalistic ideals.
Keywords: Management, Education, Exploring, Cohension and Competitions.
EFFECT OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY ON GIRL’S CHILD EDUCATION IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLITAN COUNCIL, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
KHADIJAH EYITAYO AMINU
Department of Remedial Art, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri.
This study examined the effect of Boko Haram Insurgency on girl child Education in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council. Insurgency is one of the frequently used words in contemporary national and international discourse. It is arguably the most serious threat to global peace and stability. During the early 20th century, insurgency was mostly restricted to regional and national boundaries. Most of the terrorist acts in that era were based on revolutionary nationalism (that is, the use of political violence by the colonized group(s) as a tool for fighting against western colonial power). Girl’s education depends largely on encouragement from families in the society, provision of school instructional materials and safety of girls to school. Insurgent has become a threat to many families and girls in north eastern States. There are frequent cases of kidnapping and abduction of girls of school age in the region. The main objective of the study is to assess the effect of Boko Haram insurgency on girl’s child education in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council, Borno State, Nigeria. Girl’s education depend largely on encouragement from families in the society, provision of school instructional materials and safety of girls to school. Insurgent has become a threat to many families and girls in M.M.C. There are frequent cases of kidnaping and abduction of girls of school age in the region. The researchers tend to study the effect of this insurgency on girls education in north eastern states of Nigeria. The population of the study was three million two hundred and four thousand (3,000,204) respondents. The sample size of this study consists of three hundred and ninety eight (398) respondents selected from study population using Yamane (1967) formula. The study used multiple regression analysis to assess the effect of Boko Haram Insurgency on girl child education in study area. The findings of the study revealed that there is significant effect of Boko Haram on girl child education. Study concludes that, there is significant effect of Boko Haram insurgency on educational standards; there is positive significant effect of insurgency the availability of educational facilities; and parents are not eager to send their girl child to school during the period of Boko Haram insurgency. The study recommends that government should provide enough educational facilities, which will encourage parents to send their girl child to school, government should also provide security that will curtail the activities of insurgents in order to maintain educational facilities available on ground.
A STUDY OF THE USE OF READING STRATEGIES BY ESL STUDENTS OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN KANO, NIGERIA
BASHIR MUHAMMAD ABDULLAHI, I.G. MUSTAPHA AND HADIZA LAWAN ISMAIL
Department of English and Linguistics, Federal University, Dutse
This study is concerned with the use of reading strategies by ESL students at senior secondary school level in Kano. The study aimed at identifying strategies used by the students when dealing with difficult vocabulary, sentence and paragraph in a difficult or confusing text. Six students from Government Girls College, Kano were sampled using simple random sampling.A page of three paragraphs extracted from chapter one of Aliyu Kamal’s Fire in my Backyard (2004) was used as the instrument of the study. The students responded to oral interview questions after reading the text. The responses are analysed based on Clarke (1980) Short-Circuit Hypothesis. The findings revealed that the respondents have limited control over the target language. The respondents used some reading strategies. The sources of the strategies include their teachers, their experiences from personal reading and their first language reading strategies.
Keywords: Reading Strategies, Second Language Reading, First Language Reading, Reading Comprehension and Reading Difficulties.
EFFECT OF PEER TUTORING INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF BIOLOGY STUDENTS IN DUTSIN-MA METROPOLIS
MIKO NURA AND IBRAHIM SUKOLA TAMBAYA,
Department of Science Education, Faculty of Education, Federal University Dutsin-Ma
This study examined the effect of peer tutoring instructional strategy on the academic performance of biology students in Dutsin-ma metropolis, Katsina state, Nigeria.Two research questions and Two hypotheses guided the study. Quasi – experimental design was adopted for the study involving pre-test and post-test. The population of the study comprised 655 SS II biology students from six public secondary schools of Dutsin-Ma metropolis. Two secondary schools were randomly selected by balloting through random sampling technique and were made into experimental and control group. In the experimental group 40 students were randomly selected from SS2 and in the control group also 40 students were randomly selected from SS2. Biology achievement test (BAT) validated by experts in biology with reliability co-efficient of 0.88 was used for the study. Data collected were analysed using t-test analysis tested at 0.05 level of significance. Mean and standard deviation were used to answered the research questions. The result indicated that students taught biology using peer tutoring instructional strategy achieved higher than those taught using conventional lecture method. The result indicated that female perform slightly better than male students taught using peer tutoring instructional strategy. It was recommended that teachers should be employing peer tutoring instructional strategy as it assists in improving students’ academic performance.
Keywords: Peer tutoring, academic performance, and biology students
AN APPRAISAL OF SPECIAL LIBRARY SERVICES AS A NECESSITY FOR SPECIAL EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
LAWAN IBRAHIM ADAM BIU
Department of Library and Information Science, College of Administrative Studies and Social Sciences (CASSS), Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna
This paper argues that environmental education can play a vital role in the Nigeria’s quest for sustainable development. Constraints on the introduction of environmental education in schools were identified and the ways to overcome these constraints were proposed. It was concluded that ideas such as natural resources conservation, pollution, erosion, desertification and other environmental issues are too big to be neglected within and outside the school system.
Keywords: Services, Special, Education, Necessity, Appraisal
DISCOURSE ANALYSIS AND THE SEMIOSIS OF IMPLICATURE IN CONVERSATIONS – A STUDY OF SELECTED DISCOURSE IN ELECHI AMADI’S THE GREAT PONDS
General Studies Division, College of Education, Agbor, Delta State
This research work is on discourse analysis and the semiosis of conversational implicature in Elechi Amadi’s The Great Ponds. The approach is four dimensional. The first is a brief discuss of the concepts, ‘discourse’, ‘analysis’ and ‘discourse analysis’. The second centres on the discipline treatment discourse analysis, proper, while the third embodies the analysis of the various linguistic forms that make for the interpretation of discourse texts. The last part hinges on the concept of implicature in conversations – taking cognizance of some discourse extracts in Elechi Amad’s The Great Ponds. As a recent linguistic phenomenon, the importance of discourse analysis and the implications of this research on language studies form the concluding part of this paper.
AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE UTILIZATION OF YORUBA TRADITIONAL POWERS IN THE MAINTENANCE OF SECURITY: A CASE STUDY OF AFIJIO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO STATE
AJANI FOLAKE ADEWUMI
Yoruba Department, School of Secondary Education (Language Programmes), Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.
Medical practitioners have confirmed that HIV/AIDS is actually present in Nigeria. HIV/AIDS cases are no longer health issues again in Nigeria but a developmental crisis affecting every sector of our lives. HIV/AIDS has no respect for age, sex, religion, tribe or status. As a means of reducing the impact of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria established HIV/AIDS Youth Friendly Centre. The Centre provides an avenue for creating.
Keywords: Utilization, Traditional power, Maintenance, Security, Afijio Local Government.
TEACHERS’ DEMANDS AND MANAGEMENT OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN THE NORTH CENTRAL STATES OF NIGERIA: AN ANALYTIC VIEW
OLAITAN TEMITAYO OLUWAKEMI
Department of Educational Foundations, College of Education, P.M.B 1021 Zing, Taraba State.
The paper discusses the concept ‘teachers’ demands’ as the needs of the teachers that is fought for through industrial actions. The paper examines the roles of the teachers in teaching and learning process in relation to primary education. The paper contends that if teachers’ demands are not met, there would be problems of laxity and indiscipline in the school and work would be left undone and the set goals of the primary school would be unachievable. The paper concludes that stakeholders in education should rise to speak with one voice to condemn the treacherous act committed against primary education by the governments in the North central states of Nigeria. The paper recommends that a law should be put in place to abolish all private primary schools, which their existence has resulted to the total neglect of public schools. Also, all political office holders should not be allowed to send their wards outside the country to school but be compelled to send their children to government public schools. This will re-direct the attention of the government to do what is right and just to the teachers, lift the standard of the public school and build confidence in the people.
Keywords: Teachers’ demands, school managers, primary education, goals of education, school children.
INVESTIGATING THE EFFECT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE ON CHEMISTRY AND MATHEMATICS ON THE FINAL YEAR STUDENTS’ OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ZARIA
ANYIFITE SYLVESTER DORCAS
Department of General Studies Education, Federal College of Education Zaria
The study attempts to investigate the effect of English Language on Chemistry and. The results of graduating students 2017/2018 academic session of Federal College of Education (FCT) Zaria who combined Chemistry and were sampled to find out the effect of English language on chemistry and . The sampled results of general English and communication skills, chemistry and Mathematics were analysed using ANOVA and Pearson product moment correlation coefficient. From the findings it was discovered that there was strong correlation between students’ performance in chemistry and, while English language had no significant influence on the students’ performance in chemistry and. Recommendations were also provided in line with the research findings.
Keywords: English and Communication Skills, Academic Performance, Achievement.