PROCEEDING OF THE ACADEMIC CONFERENCE ON AFRICAN CONTINENT IN THE FAST-MOVING WORLD: NEW STRATEGIES AND APPROACHES
AUGUST, 06, 2015,
FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, DUTSE, STUDENT CENTRE HALL, DUTSE, JIGAWA STATE-NIGERIA.
ENTERPRISES IN ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
RONALD KADALA NDAMU1 AND ILLIYA SIMON PUKUMA2
*Department of Preliminary Social & Management Sciences, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State-Nigeria**Department of Business Administration and Management, Adamawa State Polytechnic, (CABS) Numan, Adamawa State-Nigeria
Records’ keeping is the foundation on which the totality of modern business depends on for its survival, because it provides the management of knowledge necessary for good business performance. On this note, this study investigated the economic implication of records keeping on small scale enterprises, particularly in the administrative towns of Numan and Demsa local government areas of Adamawa State. The study among other things ascertain whether small scale business operators in the study area keep records of their business transactions, examine the economic impact of records keeping (not keeping) on small scale enterprises performance. The data were drawn from a sample of 217, determined using Krejcie and Morgan (1970) model. The determined sample size was selected through stratified sampling technique and questionnaires were administered on them. Out of the 217 questionnaires administered, 204 were dully completed and returned for analysis. Simple percentage and chi-square were the statistical tools used to analyze the data collected and the result of the analysis revealed among others that majority of the small scale enterprises in the study area, keep records of their transactions but did not engaged professional in doing so. And the recording system used was more of reliance on verbal and mental system, which invites possibilities of forgetfulness, inaccurate, unrealistic data that leads to poor planning. Also that lack of commitment by both owners and workers, employment of unskilled book keepers were identified as major challenges of records keeping in small scale enterprises in the study area. On this note, it was recommended that the operators of small scale businesses need to employ the services of skilled book keepers and be committed to their business activities especially as relate to record keeping/overseeing of employee activities in running the business.
ENTREPRENEURIAL PERFORMANCE AND CONTINUOUS EDUCATION:THE ROLE OF POLYTECHNIC AND VOCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
*ACHAMA GODWIN IKECHUKWU **OBIAH MMADUBUIKE EMMANUEL ***ANUKAM AMUOBI ISAAC & ****NWANERI CHIOMA J.
Department of Business Administration and Management, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo **Department of Accountancy, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo ***Department of Marketing, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo & ****Department of Business Administration and Management Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo
Polytechnic and vocational education, as entrenched in the Nigerian National Policy on Education, is concerned with qualitative technological human resources development directed towards a national pool of skilled and self-reliant craftsmen, technicians and technologists generally referred to as middle manpower in polytechnic and vocational institutions. The two key phrases, which readily come to mind in this type of institutions, are competency-based skill-acquisition and sound scientific knowledge. In order to cope with the requirements of fast developing economy, to gear up employment generation and meet the challenges of globalization, it was absolutely imperative to realign polytechnic and Vocational institutions in the country to cater for these requirements through entrepreneurial performance and continuous education. This paper attempts to appraise the roles of this often neglected but yet inevitable educational sector that is necessary to enhance continuous education and entrepreneurial performance for the growth and development of Nigeria. The focus is on the roles of polytechnic and vocational institutions in enhancing entrepreneurial skills that will equip students for entrepreneurship performance driven by continuous education. The paper therefore upholds that entrepreneurial performance and continuous education will equip the students with the skills with which to be self-reliant. The methodology used involves review of the current situation especially existing education policies and highlights the need for departure by studying some areas that can be applied. The conclusion was that to accelerate economic development, it is necessary that entrepreneurial performance is enhanced in the polytechnic and vocational education because it is the entrepreneurial skill together with vocational and technical skill that is required to ensure that graduates who are job creators and not job seekers are produced. The paper recommended that polytechnic and vocational institutional programmes at all levels of education should be made relevant to providing the needed entrepreneurial skills. It was also recommended that the government should continue to give adequate attention to entrepreneurial performance in the country through the provision of continuous education.
ENTREPRENEURSHIP AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: A REVIEW
NUHU KABU MAINA
Department of Pre-ND Studies, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
This research paper provides an overview of the state of the art of the intersection of development economics and entrepreneurship. Given the relative neglect of entrepreneurship by development scholars it deals with (i) recent theoretical insights from the intersection of entrepreneurship and development studies; (ii) the empirical evidence on the relationship between entrepreneurship and development; and (iii) fresh insights for entrepreneurship policy for development that emerges from recent advanced in this area, including female entrepreneurship in developing countries.
THE CHALLENGES OF FRENCH STUDIES IN NIGERIA: THE ROLE OF CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES (GAMES) AS INTEREST BOOSTER IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Federal University Dutse, Faculty of General Studies (French Unit), Jigawa State, Nigeria
French in Nigeria is a foreign language taught and learnt outside its natural environment. The sense of this transplantation poses a lot of problems in its teaching and learning. The Nigerian independence in 1960 created the first attempt to take French seriously because of its role in the closest international scene as a means of communication between Nigeria and her francophone neighbours like Niger, Benin, Cameroun, Tchad etc. However the status of French has not improved considerably despite the combined efforts of government and external organizations like UNESCO, UN & ECOWAS, basically due to lack of dedication of teachers and lack of interest of students on the one hand, and the unfavourable linguistic policies in our secondary schools by government on the other hand .In this presentation, we are taking a giant stride in identifying the challenges of French studies in Nigerian secondary schools and offer possible solutions by addressing the role of co-curricular activities in the teaching and learning process. We believe that with co-curricular activities rightly put in place in our schools, the interest of students will be rekindled and teachers encouraged, consequently improving French studies in Nigeria to a large extent.
CONCORD AND PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH NIGERIAN LEARNERS OF ENGLISH
CHINYERE UCHEGBU-EKWUEME & TAKIM AJOM OKONGOR
Faculty of General Studies, Federal University, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria
The work is an attempt to investigate how and to what extent the students (of Department of English, Federal University Dutse) are able to master the rules that govern the acceptable English sentence structure. The paper examines the written works of 100 level and 200 level students who take Eng. 105: Practical Grammar and Eng. 201: Advanced English Syntax in the Department of English, Federal University Dutse, Nigeria. The researcher having marked the scripts discovered that, most sentences constructed by some of the students contain more than one error which James (1998) defines as error ascribe to more than one cause which operate simultaneously. Errors of varying types are committed. Some of these errors are either phonological, semantic, while others are lexical or syntactic in nature. It was further revealed that some of the major causes of these errors are: over – generalization of rules of English language, bad pronunciation, competent conflict or transfer of mother tongue into second language among others. Based on these findings appropriate recommendations are made which the researcher hopes will solve the problems. Also common agreement errors in the scripts identified and pedagogical means of trying to improve the grammatical ability of these students would be heighted. Pedagogical suggestions are proffered, how students should be prepared by the language teacher to express themselves clearly and adequately in writing and speaking.
THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATIONAL REWARD SYSTEM ON ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AND EFFECTIVENESS: A REVIEW OF LITERATURE
NASHE RIDLEY TENEKE
Adamawa State Polytechnic, College of Administrative and Business Studies, Department of Business Administration and Management Studies Numan, Nigeria.
The struggle among organizations is to attain the highest organizational effectiveness so as to have a competitive edge over their rivals in the industry. To achieve this feat therefore, organizations have to maintain a high level of motivational reward system that will provide enough employees job satisfaction in their respective organizations. Leaders of organizations must offer a greater sense of meaning and purpose for their employees. This paper will help managements to get the best from their employees and will increase more commitment effectiveness and can also reflect their inner values and provide opportunities for development; empower the employees to bring about a transformational change in their personal and professional lives in the organization. It will enable the Leaders to become “Masters of Change” and be active role models in organizations. Generally, this would create a competitive advantage for the organization by having a competent workforce and sound workplace. The methodology adopted was the review of literature based on past researches, on the motivational factors, organizational commitment and organizational effectiveness. This study is expected to help organizations and also academics towards having an insight on how to successfully run a business in an organization whether public or private. It’s now known as proven by research that motivated employees are satisfied and will increase their inputs to the highest level, and they will also contribute to the overall success of the organization.
INSURGENCE AND ITS CONSEQUENCES ON THE FUTURE OF NORTHERN NIGERIA
Department of General Studies Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria
The paper is titled “Insurgency and its consequences on the future of Northern Nigeria” . With the growing tide of killings and suicide bombing in the Northern part of Nigeria owing to insurgency, their activities is rather aggravating and its strategies is assuming various dimension which is undermining the stability of the region. The Insurgence emanated as a religious sect and later transformed its activities into violence and outright disrespect for constituted authorities and subsequent killings of innocent populace, wanton destruction of government buildings, market, villages and communication facilities. The main objective of the research was to identify the adverse consequences of insurgence in the region and to proffer solutions to its scourge. The paper used documentary analysis to assess the consequences of insurgency on the future of Northern Nigeria. The paper revealed that major areas of human Endeavour such as health, agriculture, education and economy of the region have been grossly distorted. The research therefore recommends inter alia a state-of-the-art approach to tackling insurgency by government, government should come to the aid of the internally displaced populace, international organizations such as UNICEF, FAO and WHO should emphasize their concern on the plight of the affected populace, the citizenry should imbibe the spirit of good-will so as to cooperate with government and other agencies in curtailing the menace of insurgency.
PARTICIPATORY COMMUNICATION AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA: A REVIEW OF THE COMMUNITY AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (CSDP) IN TARABA STATE 2009-2012
SARAH GAMBO & TARGEMA TORDUE SIMON
Department of Mass Communication, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria
This study seeks to explore how participation, interest and involvement of community members/beneficiaries in the planning and execution of poverty alleviation programmes will accelerate the process, using the Community and Social Development Project (CSDP) as a case study. Anchored on the principles of participatory communication theory, the study critiques the assumptions of the dominant paradigm of modernization, calling for an alternative paradigm of participation that recognizes local initiatives and contribution to the process of poverty alleviation. Evaluative design approach has been adopted, with key informants interview (KII) conducted on a sample of 33 respondents (three information officers of the CSDP and thirty members of CSDP host communities in Taraba State) to elicit data for analysis. More so, documented assessment of micro projects by the agency from 2009-2012 have been reviewed. The research discovers that community members were actively involved and participated in the planning and execution of the CSDP micro projects in their communities, and that the projects executed have been impacting positively in the lives of community members. To this end, the research conclude that participation, interest and involvement of beneficiaries at the planning and execution stages of poverty alleviation project is central to their success, thus recommending the approach to subsequent poverty alleviation programmes for more results that would enable us achieve the goal of poverty alleviation in the country.
PERCEPTIONS ON THE PROBLEMS OF TEACHING SOCIAL STUDIES IN UPPER BASIC SCHOOLS, ZARIA EDUCATION ZONE, KADUNA STATE-NIGERIA
MUNIRAT BINTA ABDULLAHI-NCE
Aminu A. Babangida, Department of Accounting, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, PO Box 1061, Zaria, Kaduna state-Nigeria
The study assessed the perceptions on the problems of teaching social studies in Upper Basic Schools, Zaria Education Zone, Kaduna State-Nigeria. The study used descriptive survey research design. However, 114 out of 126 male and female Social Studies teachers sampled in the study duly filled and returned their questionnaires. Simple random sampling technique was used to select Social Studies teachers’. The study used questionnaire titled “perceptions on the problems of teaching Social Studies (PPTSS) as data collection instrument. The study answered two (2) research questions and tested two (2) null hypotheses. The data analysis tools were percentage and frequency counts used in the analysis of bio-data variables of the respondents’, mean and standard deviation to answer questions raised by the study and independent t-test sample to test the study’s null hypotheses at 0.05 alpha. All the null hypotheses were rejected. The study revealed that there was significant difference between the perceptions of respondents on the problems of teaching social studies in the study area relative to their gender and geographical locations. In the light of the above findings, the study recommended that there should be an explicit policy statement for teaching Social Studies at junior secondary school level, the Kaduna state Ministry of Education should identify and appoint a suitably qualified and competent person to function as the Education Officer for Social Studies; each school in the State should undertake, as a matter of policy, the development of interactive resource materials for the teaching of Social Studies; in the training of Social Studies teachers, greater attention needs to be paid to the fact that Social Studies is more about methodology and the process of social investigation than about the acquisition and recall of factual information; both teacher-trainers and teachers trainee should be more sensitive to the real impact of their own teaching style and attitude on students’ learning.
PHENOTYPIC CHARACTERIZATION OF INDIGENOUS BREED OF GOATS IN SELECTED STATES OF DERIVED GUINEA SAVANAH AGRO ECOLOGICAL ZONE OF NIGERIA
Federal University, Kashere Gombe State, Department of Animal Science.
This study surveys the body biometry of goats in the study area of Benue, Kogi, Nasarawa and Niger State. Three age groups of Goats were used for the study designated as (0-1 year, 1-3 years and 3 years and above). Body weights were taken using standing scale and the following measurements of Body length (BL), Neck length (NL) Chest length (CL) , Height at Withers (HAW) , Thigh length (Thi. L), Udder length (UL) Udder diameter (UD Leg length (LL) Ear length (EL) and Tail length (TL) were taken using the tailors tape The result show that the herd structure of goats in the study area, reveal that male (0-1 year) were 15.4%, (1-3 years) 15.0% 3 years and above 17.3%, while for females, 15.0% (0-1 year) 15.5% (1-3 years) and 20.8% (3 years and above) respectively. Major coat colour reveals that black coat were 55.6%, black and white 20.6%, brown 12.8%, brown and black 5.6% and white 5.4% respectively. Mean body weight of mature goats were 14.43± 0.01 and 20.86 ± 0.02 form males and females, which shows a significant differences between male and female. Results on body linear measurement shows that body length were 30.90 ± 0.663, 31.54 ± 0.663 (0-1 year), 43.64 ± 0.678, 46.57 ± 0.678 (1-3 years) and 51.26 ± 0.705 and 56.09 ± 0.705cm for males and females respectively. Chest length 13.79 ± 0.496, 14.01 ± 0.496 (0-1 year) 21.19 ± 0.507, 22.56 ± 0.507 (1 – 3 years) 23.47 ± 0.527, 26.66 ± 0.527cm (3 years and above) male and female respectively. Udder length 5.74 ± 0.3, 12.95 ± 0.37 and 16.57 ± 0.393cm for 0-1 year, 1-3 years and 3 years above. Udder diameters were 12.17 ± 0.640, 25.08 ± 0.654 and 31.03 ± 0.680cm, (0-1 year, 1-3 years and 3 years above). Analysis of variance showed significance differences between traits measured. Correlation co-efficient show positive significant (P<0.05) correlation among mature body weights and linear body measurements. The high variations in physical characteristics such as coat colour, body weight, body measurements such as body length, neck length, chest circumference, udder length. Udder diameter can be used in the genetic improvement of goats. The high and significant correlations between body lengths, height at wither and body weight suggests that either of these variables or their combination would provide a good estimate for predicting live weight.