PROCEEDING OF THE ACADEMIC CONFERENCE ON AFRICAN CONTINENT IN THE FAST-MOVING WORLD: NEW STRATEGIES AND APPROACHES
August, 06, 2015,
FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, DUTSE, STUDENT CENTRE HALL, DUTSE, JIGAWA STATE-NIGERIA.
A REVIEW OF MOBILE-BROADBAND PENETRATION IN NIGERIA
KULIYA MUHAMMED, ABOU KADI, ALIYU ZAINAB & LELE MOHAMMED
Department of Computer Science, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
In the past years there has been rapid growth of internet users in the country which is a direct result of double digit growth of mobile-broadband penetration, particularly on mobile devices. Despite the poor information and communication technology infrastructures in Nigeria, there is rapid growth of internet users which is mainly carried out using mobile phones. This paper presents an overview of mobile-broadband penetration in Nigeria, challenges to broadband penetration, and the advantages and disadvantages of mobile-broadband. The major challenges to mobile-broadband penetration includes multiple taxation by government, damage and theft of optic fibre cables, current insecurity dilemma in the country, lack of constant power supply, delay in releasing and high cost spectrum. The 1st quarter March 2015 data released by the National Communication Commission revealed that 99.86% (141,642,836) of active subscribers across the country use Mobile (GSM/CDMA) while only 0.13% of the active subscribers use Fixed wired/wireless.
ENVIRONMENTAL STRATEGY AND MANAGEMENT IN THE SPEED OF CHANGE: A STUDY OF RECYCLING APPROACH AS VALUABLE LESSON FOR AFRICANS
*HASHIM SABO BELLO & **MUJITABA HARUNA
*School of Graduate Studies and Scientific Research, Bakht al-Ruda University, P.O. Box 1311, Ed-Dueim, 12556-Khartoum, Republic of Sudan. **Fudiyya Science College, Katsina, Katsina State, Nigeria.
In Africa, waste is seen as a problem rather than a business, unlike their counterparts in other continent the like of Europe, Asia, and the rest, where there is a laid down structure to curb, manage and recycle such waste either solid or not, scrap metals are taken for impound where it would be crushed and melted to produce new products which will contribute to their Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and in turn leads to an increase in their revenue generation and also increase employment opportunities in those countries. Since waste has both pollution and resource potentials, there is need for African governments to properly monitor recycling practice and as well curb the way waste is being disposed indiscriminately through the establishment and sustenance of adequate waste management system. The study suggest that there is need for African countries to explore this economic opportunity to increase their Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by utilizing this sector to enhance and reduce unemployment that is bedeviling our labour force and to live in clean and healthy environment. The study finally highlighted some strategies and approaches to be employed by African governments for effective waste management system to help overcome the dwindling recycling management.
WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SELECTED WELLS IN DUTSE, JIGAWA STATE, NIGERIA.
ABDULLAHI, U.A., AND 2INDABAWA I.I,
*Department of Biological Science, Bayero University, Kano, P.M.B 3011, Kano Nigeria.**Department of Plant Biology, Bayero University, Kano, P.M.B 3011, Kano Nigeria.
The study was carried out to assess the water quality of most frequently used wells in Dutse, Jigawa state. Water samples from five (5) locations were collected and assessed for physicochemical parameters. The results of the study showed that, the mean values for the physicochemical parameters (Temperature, turbidity, E.C, pH, Alkalinity, Hardness and Nitrate) of all the well water samples were within the permissible limits prescribed by Nigerian Standard for Drinking water (NSWD) and World Health Organization standard (WHO). These results revealed that the lead concentrations in all the samples were greater than 0.01mg/L permissible limits prescribed by the standards and hence prolong consumption of the water may lead to chronic or long term health effect. The result also showed the presence coliform bacteria in samples with the highest value observed in W4 sampling point (i.e Danmasara near car wash location) which showed the MPN values of 11×102 /100mL and 15×102/100mL for dry and wet season respectively. Statistical analysis shows that, there was significant correlation between temperature and electrical conductivity (EC) at 0.05 level, while the significant correlation was negative between temperature and turbidity. Significant correlations also exist between alkalinity and temperature, alkalinity and EC and also with pH at 0.01 level of significant.
DOES LEARNING BY PARASITOID INFLUENCE HOST CHOICE AND HANDLING TIME?
YAHAYA, S. M
Department of Biology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil,
Parasitoids showed associative learning and the interaction between innate, conditioned and learned behavioural responses due to reinforced practice and conditioning, through which the parasitoid acquires the ability of responding to stimulus with a reflex reaction to another stimulus. The behaviour of these species, which are at different trophic levels, is altered by the presence of a non-visible infection of the host plant. This associative learning may be very valuable in the study of interaction at higher trophic level. Experiment was carried out to determine the influence of learning by the aphid Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and its common Parasitoid Aphidius colemani (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). The choice of host by female parasitoid is associated with the experience acquired either during emergence or as a result of brief encounter with the host. It was found that M. persicae grown on uninfected plant when given choice shows significant preference to the uninfected plant. However, when grown on infected plants then given choice did not discriminate between infected and uninfected plants. The inexperience source parasitoid (Naïve Parasitoid) do not show any preference between aphids grown on infected and uninfected plants host when given a choice, but this behaviour change with experience. The offspring that emerged showed a strong preference for their host similar to their natal host. However, after emergence when the parasitoid were allowed to gain experience on another host different from their natal host and later given choice show preference to the host they encounter last. This shows that learning is very important in host choice.
A POST 34 – YEAR COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON ABUNDANCE OF ANOPHELES MOSQUITOES SPECIES IN GARKI, JIGAWA STATE, NIGERIA
AHMED, U. A AND ISHAQ, S. I
Department of Biological Sciences, Sule Lamido University, P.M. B 048, Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State, Nigeria
The anticipated changes in global warming are expected to have influenced the distribution of organisms other than human being. Tropical insects may spread their habitats into more northern or southern latitudes or higher elevation. In this study we compared species abundance with aim at to see if a long-term change has impact on mosquito abundance. We learned that a Thirty-four-year global change and other human activities had influenced the abundance of Anopheles mosquitoes in Garki, Jigawa State, Nigeria. In 1980 there were eleven species of Anopheles mosquitoes but only four remain in existence by 2014. Assuming current trend continues, disequilibrium in biological ecosystems will ensue and the faster the changes occur.
AN ANALYSIS FOR RESIDENTIAL HOUSES DEMAND IN MUBI METROPOLIS, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
*ABUBAKAR SANUSI **IBRAHIM MOHAMMED JAMILU & **ALFA MUSA
*National Youth Service Corps, Abuja & **Department of Preliminary, Social and Management Sciences, Federal Polytechnic Mubi P.M.B 35 Adamawa State
This Study analyses the demand for residential houses in Mubi Metropolis, Adamawa State. Both primary and secondary data were used in the study. One hundred and twenty (120) sets of questionnaires were designed and administered for the collection of primary data used in the study. The estimation techniques used in data analysis was Descriptive Statistics and multiple regression analysis such as; linear probability model, Correlation and logit to estimate the demand for houses in Mubi Metropolis were used. The study revealed that housing demand was determined by income, employment, working experiences and other demographic variables such as; household size, marital status and gender. It also showed that demand for houses is positively related with marital status, working experience, monthly income, employment (public servants) and individual self-employed while they are negatively related with gender and household size, but none of the variables are statistically significant at 5% level of significance. It also showed that rising home prices and rents affect low income earners by increasing the portion of income spent on housing. Based on the findings, the study provides the following recommendations; persistent poverty has to be addressed by government as it is the root causes of rural-urban migration, rental accommodation for low income earners should be given priority, and government must also develop specific economic policies that stimulate employment opportunities in urban areas.
BODY BIOMETRY AND CHARACTERIZATION OF INDIGENOUS SHEEP BREED IN SELECTED STATES OF DERIVED GUINEA SAVANAH AGRO – ECOLOGICAL ZONE OF NIGERIA
Federal University, Kashere Gombe State. Department of Animal Science
The study surveys the indigenous breeds of sheep in selected states of Benue, Kogi, Niger and Nasarawa derived guinea savannah agro ecological zone in order to characterize the sheep in terms of production pattern, body biometry and weight. Three age groups of Sheep were used for the study (0-1 year, 1-3 years and 3 years and above). Body weights were taken using standing scale and the following measurements Body length (BL), Neck length (NL) Chest length (CL) , Height at Withers (HAW) , Thigh length (Thi. L), Udder length (UL) Udder diameter (UD Leg length (LL) Ear length (EL) and Tail length (TL) were taken using the tailors tape.. The result reveal that the dorminant coat colours were white 43.56%, black and white 34.54%, black 18.06%, brown and black 2.58%, brown 1.8% and brown and white 1.29% respectively. Linear body measurements (3 years and above) were males (body length 53.65 ± 0.74, neck length 17.71 ± 0.29, chest length 21.60 ± 0.41, Height at wither 52.23 ± 0.61, thigh length 30.54 ± 0.45, leg length 21.95 ± 0.26, Ear length 9.30 ± 0.10, Tail length 21.45 ± 0.3). Mature females (3 years and above) body length 56.88 ± 0.74, Neck length 18.99 ± 0.29, Chest length 22.55 ± 0.41, Height at wither 52.80 ± 0.69, Thigh length 31.64 ± 0.45, Leg length 22.56 ± 0.26, Ear length 9.60 ± 0.09, Tail length 10.51 ± 1.4, udder diameter 23.76 ± 1.0cm). Mean body weights of mature sheep were 19.62 ± 0.12kg (males) and 21.1 ± 0.71kg (females). Information on herd structure showed that young rams were (15.72%) 61, ewe (50.0%) 194, rams (5.7%) 22 and ewe lamb (28.7%) 111 of the total population of 388 sheep studied.. Correlation between body measurements and mature weight of sheep shows a positive significant (P<0.01) correlations for body length (BL) Neck length (NL) Chest length (CL) Thigh length (ThiL) Height at wither (HAW) Leg length (LL) Ear length (EL) Tail length (TL) and Udder length (UL). Analysis of variance showed that there is a significant difference (P<0.05) for sheep in terms of linear body measurements. It can be concluded from the study that the variation in coat colour of sheep found in the study area depicts a highly unselected population of sheep for coat colours. The differences in body measurement can be use to estimate or predict growth performance of the sheep. The high and positive correlation observed with respect to body linear measurement and body weight can be a useful tool for selecting animals for breeding purpose since selection for body length alone could improve other body traits.
MANAGING EVENTS AS POTENTIALS OF PROFIT-MAKING AND EMPOWERMENT IN THE FAST MOVING WORLD: A VESTIGE STRATEGY AND APPROACH FOR AFRICANS
HASHIM SABO BELLO
School of Graduate Studies and Scientific Research, Bakht al-Ruda University, P.O. Box 1311, Ed-Dueim, 12556-Khartoum, Republic of Sudan.
Events management is on the rise. With parties here and there, event managers are required to ensure things go well. The profit and job potentials in this social segment are huge, being that it is a story of entrepreneurial development with human face and potentials of profits making/ empowerment in the speedy world of human civilization. This breed of social entrepreneurs who are not just consumed by the motive to make profit but the passion to provide innovative solutions needed in almost any kind of business-entertainment, finance, government, retail, fashion, sport, music, among others, so their day to day job can be filled with a huge range of exciting challenges and unique situations. The research discovered that, there is a need for improvement in the strategies and instinctive approaches used to manage tricks as the winning formula for emerging event businesses. As such, creative thinking strategy and strong leadership approach will be remarkable improvement, if and only if, it ensures national development. This research believes that, an event manager is a respected advisor, content expert and commentator on issues of entrepreneurship, education and governance. Also, the research suggested that an event manager must have to be a creative problem solver highly skilled in attracting and sustaining returns on investment in business ventures and a strong communicator with ability to present messages and influences diverse audiences.