African Scholar Journal of Management Science and Entrepreneurship (AJMSE) Vol. 11 No.5 June, 2018 Editions, ISSN: 2276–0732)
African Scholar Publications and Research International,
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DEVELOPING A GIS-BASED CADASTRAL INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF FADAMA-MADA AREA OF BAUCHI METROPOLIS
Ibrahim Abubakar Audu and Ali Badema
Geography Department, Faculty Of Social And Management Sciences, Yobe State University Damaturu, Yobe State.
Over the years the manual method of data handling has dominated cadastral information management in a disjointed manner among various departments within the state. It is however, becoming feasible that this manual method of handling cadastral information can no longer cope with the increasing demand and requirements of users of such information. Hence there is a need for a well-coordinated approach to managing cadastral information. Accurate cadastral information is indispensable not only for effective planning and distribution of basic amenities, but for proper revenue collection by the state, security of ownership and control over land. The study integrated and updated the entire Fadama-mada area with a comprehensive digital map and cadastral data. The raster image from the analogue maps was also fully utilized. Scanned images were sent to Auto CAD environment for proper geo-referencing. The result of this exercise was checked by some GIS operation and analysis; digital map of Fadaman-Mada was produced; and feature details shown in graphics and tables. Thus, for sustainable development, Cadastral Information System (CIS) has been made more effective for the monitoring, evaluation and management of cadastral records in government ministries, local government offices as well as other related government agencies.
Keywords: Fadaman-Mada, Cadastral, GIS, Coordinate Geometry.
EXTENSIBLE BUSINESS REPORTING LANGUAGE ADOPTION: NEW STRATEGY AND APPROACH FOR ENHANCEMENT OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS PERFORMANCE AND FINANCIAL REPORTING IN NIGERIA
Awusa, Peter Ewa
Accounting and Finance, Department of Accountancy, Nogak Polytechnic, Ikom, Cross River State, Nigeria
Companies around the world are working to increase transparency in their financial reporting. Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) is an XML-based vocabulary for electronic transmission of business and financial data. XBRL was developed to facilitate business intelligence (BI) automation by enabling machine-to-machine communication and data processing for financial information with an eye towards cost reduction through the elimination of time consuming and error-prone human interaction. XBRL tags increase the speed of data integration and exchange, while at the same time eliminating data redundancy and quality issues. Over the years there has been global concerned for availability and accessibility of financial data, relevancy, comparability and accuracy in relation to enhancement of the decision making. Official support from European Parliament and a mandate from the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) have all promoted XBRL future as the official standard for financial reporting. The paper objective is focused on assessment of effect of XBRL adoption on business organizations performance and financial reporting. The methodology is based on the systematic literature review approach and exploratory research design. The paper revealed that XBRL enhanced: audit process, streamlined processes for collecting, comparing and reporting financial information, reduced costs, improved financial communication and transparency, increased data accuracy, direct comparability, multi languages and accounting standards support, improved risk management and control, ease of maintenance, faster, more reliable and extended scope of analysis capabilities for better decision making. There is active collaboration between IASB and XBRL International; also the adoption of XBRL is associated with challenges such as high cost implications for software’s and human capacity building. The paper concluded that XBRL gives business organizations across any industry enormous opportunities for creating fully scalable integrated solutions for financial reporting and analysis to make this data available in real-time to reporting entities, stockholders, trading partners, subsidiaries and parent companies, and internally within organizations. Hence the benefits of adoption outweighed the cost implication as such it adoption should be pursue by Nigeria as a nation in particular and all countries of the world at large.
Keywords: XBRL, Financial Reporting, Business Organizations, Transparency.
HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Mbakwe Francis K1, Igiba Ehimen G2. and Oleabhiele Ernest.P.3
1,2Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State. 3Department of General studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State.
The aim of human resources planning is to have the right people in the right place at the right time. This paper seeks to compare human resources planning in the public and private sector. While the public sector has moved from a civil service to a human resources paradigm, the literature indicates a lack of successful human resources implementation in public sector, it also suggests that effective HRP is critical to meeting internal and external organizational challenges, but however, it was found out that relevant process and practices do not seem to be strategic or integrated in the public sector. And If not addressed, the absence of effective HRP in the public sector can lead to poor Organisational performance, increased costs, a lack of continuity and other negative impacts.
Keywords: Human resources, planning, public sector, private sector, comparative.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE FISCAL REGIMES AND TERMS FOR OIL PRODUCING COUNTRIES OF AFRICA
1Okologume Henry Chukwudi 2 Okologume Wilfred Chinedu 1Okhumaile Selena Idowu
1Department of Banking and Finance, Federal Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria 2Department of Petroleum Engineering, Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria
This paper focuses on the fiscal regimes applicable to offshore West Africa. For comparison of the fiscal regimes, seven countries were picked and they are Nigeria, Angola, Gabon, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea and Congo. An analytical and comparative approach was used to evaluate how these countries have designed their fiscal regimes for the specific demands of deep water operations. The evaluation was based on three criteria: government take, stability and incremental West Africa. The deep water fiscal regimes of offshore West African offer attractive terms to investors and that would ensure the region continues to remain an investor’s heaven for a long time and weakness.
Keywords: fiscal regime, offshore, deep water, exploration, evaluation
THE EFFECT OF BUDGET ON THE CONTROL OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURE: A STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC BAUCHI (2009 – 2017)
Oleabhiele Ernest Paul, and Okpe Gabriel,
Department Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria
This study sets out to ascertain whether or not budgeting is an effective tool for controlling public expenditures. All human organizations carry out spending, and if such spending is not within a particular expenditure framework, the tendency to over spend or spend without control will be high. As such, the findings of this study establish a linear relationship between budget and expenditure. Secondary data obtained from the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi for a period of nine years (2009-2017) was analysed using simple linear regression analysis. Results obtained show a positive linear relationship between budget and expenditure. Hence, we reject the null hypotheses that state that there is no significant linear relationship between Budget and Expenditure. it concluded that Budgeting is a very effective tools for expenditure control in both the public sector and private organization, quite a number of problems were revealed which may involve over expenditure as one of the greatest factors that leads to non-implementation of budget according to plan. It is recommended among others that there should be a political will to fight mismanagement, ie corruption as the main reason for continuous problems in the implementation of budgets in Nigeria.
Keywords: Budget, Expenditure, Public Sector, Implementation and Mismanagement.
SUPPLY CHAIN STRATEGY AND EXPORT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE IN NIGERIA, SUB- SAHARAN AFRICA
1Ogah, Arome Victor, 2Aliu, Akindele Anifowose, 3Oloyede, Adeola Olamide
1&3Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State 2Department of Purchasing and Supply, Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State
The study examines the effect of supply chain strategy on export of agricultural produce in Nigeria, Sub Saharan Africa. The specific objectives of the study are: to examine the relationship between agricultural produce output and export activities in Nigeria and to examine logistics component influence on export of agricultural produce in Nigeria. The study adopted survey research design. The study utilized secondary and primary sources of data to acquire reliable data and useful information. Convenience sampling technique was used to select sample of 850 for the study but 837 respondents were used. 5-point likert scale option of structured questionnaire was used. Content validity was used to determine the validity of the instrument and test-retest reliability method was utilized to measure the consistency of the instrument. Person moment correlation was used to test the hypothesis. Two hypotheses were tested and it revealed that agricultural produce output and logistics component has significant influence on export of agricultural produce in Nigeria. Due to the findings from this study, recommendations were giving, among are: Both federal and state government should encourage large production of agricultural produce to pave way for export to boost country gross domestic product. and also Necessary logistics components such as material handling, inventory management, processing, warehousing and efficient mode of transportation should be put in place to facilitate supply chain towards favourable exportation of agricultural produce.
Keywords: Supply chain, Strategy, Export, Agriculture, Produce
EXAMINING THE IMPACT OF BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT ON ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*Ola Timothy Olalekan and **Olaore Rafiu Akinpelu
*Office of the Rector, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree **Entrepreneurship Education Directorate, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree. Nigerian
The relationship between entrepreneurship and the business environment has been given a significant attention in entrepreneurship literature. This study commences by placing the issue of entrepreneurship environment in theoretical context with reference to Nigeria. Three major theoretical perspectives on business environment were considered; however, the work dwelt extensively on the national trends perspective which obviously external and have greater influence on the entrepreneurial activities. Making use of resources from academic publications, reports and publication of government agencies and other stakeholders in the field of entrepreneurship in Nigeria, some policy programmes of government were examined with a view to understanding the relevance in entrepreneurship development programme in the country. This research work recommends as follows: a total overhauling of all the policy programmes to avoid duplication and clashes in operation processes; continuity in implementation of programmes; commitment from financial institutions not to be biased in spreading their activities and that communities should identify aspect of their culture which hinder entrepreneurship development and make necessary adjustment
Keywords: Business Environment, Entrepreneurship, Development, Entrepreneurship Development
INFLUENCE OF ENVIRONMENT ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS PUPILS IN POTISKUM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF YOBE STATE
*Musa Abubakar Sadiq *Aliyu Alkali Ishaku and **Fatsuma Umaru Bubaram
*Department of General studies, College of Administrative and Business Studies (CABS) P.M.B1001, Potiskum, **Department of Library and Information Science, College of Administrative and Business Studies (CABS) P.M.B1001, Potiskum
The study focused on the influence of environment on the academic performance of primary schools pupils in Potiskum local government area of Yobe state. The poor academic performance of pupils in primary schools in Potiskum town has recently become a cause for serious concern. The following specific objectives are to guide the study: To determine the extent to which a noisy environment hinders the development of memorization skills by primary school pupils. To find out the extent school location affects the academic performance of pupils in primary school. To ascertain the ways in which the home environment affects the performance of primary school pupils at school. The researcher formulated three research questions to guide the research. Also three hypotheses were raised for this research. The investigation used 30% of the population as the sample of study (30% of 3018) and sample size is therefore 905.To select the sample, the researcher adopted random sampling by balloting. The researcher adopted descriptive survey research designed. Out of nine hundred and five (905) questionnaires distributed, only six hundred (600) were completed and returned. Based on the findings and implication of this study, the following recommendations were made: The study reminds us that no man is an island. Pupils are highly influenced by the environment in which they live. The ministry of education should re-visit policies regulating the location and maintenance of schools to ensure effective compliance. Those who violate the rules should be adequately punished.
Keywords: pupils, Potiskum, academic, environment, performance, primary schools.
DIVERSIFICATION OF NIGERIA ECONOMY THROUGH GUERRILLA MARKETING PRINCIPLES AS STRATEGIES FOR INNOVATION BY SMES
1Anukam, Amaobi Isaac, 2Achama, Godwin Ikechukwu
1Department of Marketing, Faculty of Management Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria 2Department of Business Administration, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo
The concept of Guerrilla marketing subsumes a set of different innovative and creative approach to marketing in today’s marketplace warfare. It aims principally at gaining large effect with a small budget through surprise and diffusion effects. Although the instruments are more and more often applied by today’s practitioners, there is barely scientific discussion about the concept. Therefore, this paper intends to raise such discussion in describing the evolution, philosophers’, principles of the concept and current understanding of guerrilla marketing among Hotel entrepreneurs in Imo State, as an attempt to gaining attention of a large number of applicators in attracting consumers at relatively low cost by means of surprise effect and diffusion effect. The study highlights how different guerrilla instruments like internal, ambient, sensation, viral, buzz marketing try to evoke these effects. The study uses empirical evidence to discuss the application of the GM principles as found in the sample of 40 Hotels in Imo State. The design of the study is descriptive design, and triangulation method was used in data collection, and the results of hypotheses testing are as given by SPSS package. The results show that the Hotel entrepreneurs’ use of guerrilla marketing weapons is consistent with literature. They all agreed that they cannot survive the larger competitors and rough economic life in Nigeria, without resorting to guerrilla marketing. The study recommends Guerrilla Marketing for the marketing of Hotel services in Nigeria. Guerrilla marketing surprises you and is therefore striking. It all comes together in one: “impact”. Guerrilla marketing means impact, and that is what today marketplace needs.
Key words: Unconventional marketing, Buzz marketing, Ambient marketing, Ambush marketing, Innovativeness
THE EFFECT OF MANPOWER TRANINING AND DEVELOPMENT ON THE PRODUCTIVITY OF INDUSTRIES IN NIGERIA
S.O. Onimole Mni
Department of Entrepreneurship, College of Management Sciences, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Osun State
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of training on productivity of industries as well as the Training Intervention efforts of the Industrial Training Fund of Nigeria. The research design adopted for this study was a survey and documentary analysis, The area covered by the study consisted of randomly selected industries and organizations in Lagos industrial areas of Nigeria. The population for the study comprised the Training Managers, Supervisors. Personnel managers and operatives/employees in the study area. Stratified proportional random sampling technique was used to select a total of 280 participants from various industries in Lagos for the study. Out of this number, 255 participants responded to the questionnaire for the study. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach Alpha Formulae (α). Different reliability coefficients were computed for the different clusters of the questionnaire in order to assess the degree of consistency within the said clusters. The correlation coefficient of the entire questionnaire was 0.77 for trainers, 0.78 for training managers and 0.69 for supervisors and operatives. Data obtained were analyzed using mean one way analysis of variance percentages and frequency count. Majority of the respondents are of the view that training as implied by the study has made great impact on the operational performance of their industries and has in addition to others, reduced or diminished high labour turnover increase versatility of employees, develop resources, enable organization to cope with changes more effectively, and develop employees to their full potential/capacity and improve quality of workmanship. The study also profer recommendations which will have far reaching effect on improving training and productivity in industry in Nigeria.
Keywords: Training, Manpower, Productivity, Performance, Industries, Development, Education
ROLE OF STRATEGIC INTELLIGENCE ON DECISION MAKING
*Umar Musa Yila **Sahabi, Muhammad Kabir CLN ***Unobe, Elameyi Susan CLN
* National Open University of Nigeria ** University Library, Kaduna State University, Kaduna ***Kashim Ibrahim Library, A.B.U. Zaria
This paper looked at strategic intelligence as a tool for management in every organization. Everyday management need to make decisions on day-to-day activities and issues that will give the organization a competitive edge over their competitors, while management have a lot of report to read there is a need for intelligence to be able to make the right decisions. The component of strategic intelligence includes; strategic management, strategic planning, strategic analysis, strategic decision-making. The Strategic Management process may remain similar in fashion for the foreseeable future, but it will need to adapt to the current realities of a fast moving business world. Gradual advances have come in the form of information gathering, intelligence creating systems and technologies such as Business Intelligence, Competitive Intelligence and Knowledge Management. Each on their own provides an immense assistance to the organisation, by combining various sources of data and information from which to generate intelligence through a synthesis of specialist skills.
The culmination of this process, through the combining of Business Intelligence, Competitive Intelligence and Knowledge Management, results in the formation of Strategic Intelligence which acts as a powerful input to Strategic Decision Making and the Strategic Management Process.
THE ROLE OF CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA IN THE NIGERIAN FINANCIAL SYSTEM: A CASE STUDY OF MAIDUGURI BRANCH
*Audu Abubakar Mazagane **Ahmed Baba Alhaji And **Mohammed Sani Isa
*Department of Accountancy, College of Administrative and Business Studies (CABS) P.M.B 1001, Potiskum, Yobe State **Department of Public Administration, College of Administrative and Business Studies (CABS) P.M.B1001, Potiskum, Yobe State
The study examines the role of central bank of Nigeria (CBN) financial system. Data for this research was gathered through primary and secondary sources. Data collected were analyzed by the use of simple percentage and chi-square. The study revealed that CBN has successfully performed the role of promoting a sound monetary stability and efficient financial system as well as regulation and supervision of the Nigerian financial system in the Nigeria economy. These outcomes are evidenced in responses of the respondents and the results of publications. Accordingly; recommendations were made which would improve the performance of the CBN in regulating financial activities in Nigeria. On the basis of the above findings, it was recommended that there is no doubt with good corporate governance, CBN has the major factor in the Nigerian financial sector stability both at the micro (individual) and macro (sector-wide) levels, if it comply with the regulations and ensure that all organizational activities are carried out properly, the system will remain solid. Finally, the CBN should ensure that all banks comply fully with requirements of the International Financial Reporting Standards to enhance financial information disclosure to the banking public.
Keywords: Banking, CBN, Financial System, Information Disclosure, Depositors’
AN APPRAISAL OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS A TOOL FOR ORGANIZATION’S DEVELOPMENT
*Mudasiru Ya’u Muhammed **Zahra’u Bala Malami ***Saidu Musa Julde
*Department of Office Technology and Management, School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi **Department of Marketing, School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi ***Rector’s Office, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
This paper examine Information and Communication Technology as a Tool for Organization’s Development. This work was carried out to look into some of the importance of information technology in an organization, and how it affects organization’s development. Also to examine some various ICT facilities required for organization’s development. Appropriate literatures were reviewed based on published and unpublished works. Data were also collected from the survey area using questionnaires and was analyzed using Likert mean rating scale. It was found that information and communication technology has greatly improved the efficiency and effectiveness of business organizations. The use of information and communication technology cannot be over emphasized. Conclusions drawn from the findings shows that information and communication technology has tremendous effect on organizations. It was recommended among others that business as well as non-business organization should give more priority to adequate information and communication technology in their day-to-day running of the organization, organizations should train and retrain employees in order to acquire knowledge on the use and maintenance of these modern technologies.
Keywords: Information, Communication, Technology, organization, Development.