African Scholar Journal of Humanities and Social Science (AJHSS) Vol. 15 No.6


AFRICAN SCHOLAR JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (AJHSS)

VOL. 15 NO.6 SEPTEMBER, 2019 ISSN: 2110–2086

 


 

 

Published by:

African Scholar Publications and Research International,

Centre for African Studies,

University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office,

Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.

 

Copyright © 2019 African Scholar Publications and Research International.

PLEASE CONTACT US FOR THE FULL MANUSCRIPTS.



 

The Incidence of Narcotics Abuse among Students of University of Port Harcourt, Choba

 

Ogbanga Mina M (PhD).

Department of Social Work. Faculty of Social Sciences. University of PortHarcourt, River State. Nigeria

 

Abstract

The abuse of drugs in recent times constitutes a major global problem. The alarming increase in the abuse of drugs by youths especially university undergraduates constitute a big problem for the society as well as the individuals themselves. This research was carried out at Choba, Abuja and Delta Campuses of University of Port Harcourt, with the key objectives of finding out the effect of drug abuse on academic performance as a vice that is becoming rampant among university undergraduates. The study was designed with the simple random sampling method. Questionnaires, interviews and other materials were used in testing the reliability of the instrument. Research questions were posed to the undergraduates of University of Port Harcourt and hypothesis was tested with the chi-square method. This study was stirred up by an observed high rate at which drugs were consumed without medical prescription by the students especially narcotics or prescriptive drugs. The research conducted showed that some of the students have started abusing harder drugs like cocaine, Indian hemp, weed, etc. It has also been proven from the research that all the students in this study have abused drugs in one time or the other, inspite of the awareness of its side effects. The later part of this research work has the recommendations and suggestions that will help in rationalizing drug abuse in the institution and in the society at large. 

Keywords: Narcotics, Abuse, Students, Choba, Youths

 

 

Towards a Model for the Management of Sustainable Human Settlements in Eastern Cape, South Africa

 

Adeniran Ayo Ade, Mbanga Sijekula and Botha Brink

Department of Building & Human Settlements & Department of Construction Management, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

 

Abstract

Goal 11 of the UNs 2030 agenda seeks to “make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”. Human settlement is an integrative concept that encompasses the physical apparatuses of shelter and infrastructure (housing) as well as services to which the physical elements provide support. In the African tradition, it often provides a mark of wealth, societal recognition and in the real sense, an element of urban development and measurement of the wealth of a nation. In South Africa however, it is viewed, as it is with other African countries that the significance of human settlement to the people lacks as a result of deficient estate management practices as evidenced by the extent of dilapidation and continuous slum development. This paper seeks to set out the context for doctoral research, which aims to develop a model for the management of sustainable human settlements and. It posits that for the sustainability of human settlement, there is the need to combine estate management principles with the 3-dimensions of sustainability. It further asserts that this combination would birth the model that would be a “cure” for the challenges of human settlements in Eastern Cape and South Africa in general.

Keywords: SDG11, Sustainable Human Settlements, Maintenance, Estate Management, South Africa

 

 

An Islamic Perspective on Gender Equality Controversy in Nigeria

 

Sajo, Abdullahi Muhammad

Faculty of Arts Department of Religion and Philosophy, University of Jos

 

Abstract

This paper aimed at assessing the gender equality controversy in Nigeria from the Islamic point of view. The researcher intends to distinguish between  the myth and reality of gender equality from the Glorious Qur’an and sayings of the noble Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).   The study also look at the participation of Muslims women in governance, where and how they can contribute their quota socially, politically and economically. The findings of the study is that Islam equalizes both man and woman in so many issues except in leadership, be it marital, religious or political. Others include acceptance of witnesses in terms of judgment in courts and in inheritance sharing. The method used in generating data for this research is mainly library materials.

Keywords:  Islam, Gender, Equality, Controversy. Nigeria

 

 

The Protection of Environmental Rights in Nigeria: Comparative Laws

 

Ali Abdulkadir Waziri (Ph.D)

Nasarawa State University, Keffi (NSUK)

 

Abstract

All over the globe, people experience the negative effects of environmental degradation eco system decline, including water shortage, fisheries depletion, natural disaster due to disforestation, unsafe management and water shortage disposal of toxic and dangerous waste and products. People suffer directly from the degradation of ecosystem that they rely upon for their livelihoods. Environmental challenges is exerbating many of these negative effects of environmental degradation on human health and well being and is also causing new ones, including an increase in extreme whether events and on increase in spread of Malaria and other vector born diseases. In view of these the paper examines the legal frame work for the protection of environmental rights and depicts the nexus between human right environmental laws, the goals of Islamic finance as well as SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals), for protection of environment and sustainability programmes that seeks to enhance the welfare of society. The paper concluded that environmental laws should be forged with human right law since the stand alone position of international environmental law does not augar well for the justiciability of environmental right, since the economic objective of nations such as Nigeria are most times at variance with the principles of international environmental laws. The paper also recommends the amendment of the constitution in order to transfer the protection of environment from section 20 to chapter 4 of CFRN.

Keywords:   Environmental Rights, Climate Management, Human Rights, Islamic Finance, SDG.

 

 

The Impact of African Union (AU) in Promoting Peace and Unity in Africa: An Appraisal of African Peace Security Articheture (APSA)

 

Jibrin Ubale Yahaya

Department of Political Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi.

 

Abstract

Conflict and violence has become one of the fundamental problems affecting the nature of societal living in Africa,  because of the various categories of violence and conflict that emerge as result of power grapping, ethnic –religious difference, economic and social variable differences that has led to raising of  internal conflict between various groups in many African countries since in the early 1980s  to date bring birth to  pockets of  conflicts in Rwanda, Liberia , Sudan and some  terrorism activities by  militants in Nigeria and some part of Niger. The paper was aimed at critically reviewing the efforts demonstrated by African Union AU in managing the escalation of violence in various African Countries. The paper has three major findings one conflict is unavoidable but the process of conflict growth was as result of negligent by policy makers to address the issues at infancy stage, secondly, most of conflict management strategy was only addressing topical issues not the main root of the problem, lastly conflict in Africa was raised based on political and ethnic –religious differences. The paper recommend that for countries in Africa to live in peace and harmony, we must to provide leaders with patriotic mind whose can developed African continent through the conduct of operating good governance in African continent and AU  as  international instrument for  promoting peace should adopt to offer intervention of social problem from the root based to solve the problems from   root genesis  not only talking of  topical issues to allowed peace to remain the major focus for Development in Africa.

Keywords: Peace, Violence, African Continent, Development, Conflict Management.

 

 

Nigeria in Search of Peace and Security: Analysis and Action

 

Dr. Abdur-Rahman Olalekan Olayiwola

Department of Political Science, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos.

 

Abstract

In contemporary Nigeria, the signs of a security dilemma and lack of a peaceful co-existence are there for all to see. Poverty, unemployment, abuse of power by a coterie of political, elites, unconcealed corruption, nepotism, favouritism, the ostentatious display of wealth and resource struggles, to mention just a few contributory factors responsible for lack of peace, security of insecurity and insecurity of security, are boiling over into ethnic and religious violence in various parts of the six geo-political zones of the country. Can Nigeria survive another century as a corporate entity? This paper examines the issues of peace and security in Nigeria and recommends some policy options for the country’s citizens either to live together or sink together.

Keywords: Nigeria, Peace, Security, System Survival, Corporate Entity, Peaceful Co-existence or Lack of it  

 

 

Investigating the Civil-Military Relations Strategies of the Central Naval Command in its area of Operations

 

Edward D. Yeibo, Aniefiok J. Udoudo& Pauline O. Ohiagu

Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 

Abstract

This study investigated the civil-military relations strategies of the Central Naval Command in its area of operations. The objectives were to: find out the civil-military relations strategies of the Central Naval Commad; investigate the impacts of civil-military relations strategies adopted by Central Naval Command in its area of operations; and to iinvesigatethe challenges of civil-military relations in the Central Naval Command’s area of operation. The study was anchored on the Concordance theory. The descriptive survey research design was used to study a population of 6, 278, 342 from which a sample size of 384 was drawn. The sample size was based on Keyton’samplingsystem. Findings of the of the study showed that the civil-military relations strategies of the Central Naval Commaand were yet to engender mutual understanding between officers of the Command and the civil populace in the Command’s area of operations. It was also found out that occasional clashes and the alleged manhandling of civilians by some naval officers were some of the challenges of civil-military relations in the Central Naval Command. The study recommended, among other things, that the civil-military relations of the Central Naval Command must take cognisance of the allegedill-treatment of civilians by some personnel of the Command in order to achieve and sustain genuine cooperation of the civil populace.

Key Terms: Central Naval Command, Central Naval Command’s Area of Operations, Civil-Military Relations, Civil-Military Relations Projects, Civil Populace

 

 

An Analysis of the Attitude of Mass Communication Students of Nigerian Polytechnics towards Print Journalism as an area of Specialization

 

Ikechukwu, Linda Nnenna

Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic, Nekede, Owerri, Imo State.

 

Abstract

The study sought to analyze the attitude of mass communication students of Nigerian polytechnics towards print journalism as an area of specialization. Four research objectives and questions were postulated. Relevant literature was reviewed. The survey method was used and the data were gathered with questionnaire and analyzed with the aid of frequency tables and simple percentages. The findings showed that most students were not aware of the career opportunities of their options of specialization before choosing them, most students perceive print journalism as a difficult terrain to venture into, most students run away from the print option because they generally prefer speaking to writing. The study thus recommended that the departments of mass communication in Nigerian polytechnics should organize orientation programmes to expose their students to the career opportunities available to their options of specialization among other recommendations.

Keywords: Attitude, Mass Communication, Nigerian Polytechnics, Print Journalism, Specialization.

 

 

Attitudes of Hausa Language Teachers towards Promotion of Indigenious Language: Survey from Secondary Schools In Taraba State

 

Ali, Ahmadi Alkali (Ph.D)

Department Of Languages And Linguistics, Taraba State University, Jalingo.

 

Abstract

There is no gain saying that ineffective teaching and learning of indigenous languages is responsible for low value accorded to major three languages in Nigeria. Of course, numerous factors affect attainment of objectives of secondary education in Nigeria but little has been documented about the attitude of Hausa teachers towards promoting indigenous language among secondary school students in Taraba State. Hence, this study examines essential role of teachers’ attitudes towards promotion of indigenous language among secondary school students in the study area. In order to achieve the objectives of the study, two research questions and two research hypotheses guided the study. Descriptive research design was used and Taro Yainene Formula was used to select 400 sampled Hausa teachers and their students from 12,842 total population. Teachers’ commitment and teachers’ competence are considered as indices for teachers’ attitude in this study. To this end, researcher-developed questionnaire was used to collect data from respondents while mean (X) and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) were used for answering research questions and analyzing research hypotheses respectively. The findings revealed positive and direct relationship between teachers’ commitment and promotion of indigenous language (Hausa); as well as positive and direct relationship between teachers’ competence and promotion of indigenous language (Hausa) among secondary school students in the study area. Based on the study, it was recommended that government should engage the services of professional language teachers so as to encourage students in learning indigenous language, and that training and retraining exercise should be organized for teachers in general and language teachers in particular to carry out their jobs with high professionalism. It was concluded that teachers’ attitude significant correlate with promotion of indigenous language among secondary schools students in Taraba State.

Keywords: Attitude, competence, commitment, secondary students, indigenous language

 

 

Critique of the Frankfurt School of Political Economy

 

*Inuwa Abdu Ibrahim **Husseini Adamu Husseini ***Jamila Waziri Mohammed ****Inuwa Yaqoub Mohammed

*Department of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria **Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria ***Department of Hospitality Management, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria ****Flat 2, Abubakar Malami Compound, Off Isa Yuguda Guest House, Bauchi

 

Abstract

The paper looks at capitalist way of thinking of an organised mode of social reproduction is at the center of the critique of political economy. It asks why human social reproduction takes this irrational form of an economic logic that asserts itself over the acting subjects. The critique of political economy is intransigence towards the existent patterns of the world. It demands that all relations in which man is a debased, enslaved, forsaken, despicable being have to be overthrown. Using secondary sources through a qualitative research approach, the paper examines the critique of franfurt scool of political economy. It concludes that Critical Theory has remained essential in defending the validity of social criticism on the basis of the idea that humanity is embedded in a historical learning process where clash is as a result of the actualisation of reason re-establishing power – balances and struggles for group domination.

Keywords: Capitalism, Critical Theory, Frankfurt school, Global order, Political Economy.

 

 

We are willing to Pay for Improve Conservation of Yankari Game Reserve, Bauchi Nigeria; Adjoining Community Perspectives

 

Muhammad Sanusi Ibrahim 1, Hamisu Alhaji Basiru 2, Abdullahi Adamu 3, Ibrahim Kabir 4, Muhammad Nasiru Yusuf5

1Geography Department, School of General Studies, Abubakar Tatri Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2Geography Department, Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic Kazaure, Jigawa State, Nigeria. 3Department of Environmental and Resource Management, Faculty of Engineering and Environmental Design, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria. 4Department of Environmental Management Technology, School of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 5Bauchi State University Gadau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

Biodiversity conservation can be seen as avoiding and eliminating any steps that can seriously disturb Yankari game reserve biodiversity ecosystem. Conservation should also be addressed as sacrifice (not inimical to conservation objectives) in some ways by the park authority and the community to achieve mutual cooperation. Eco-conservation is regarded as an ideal mechanism for achieving both economic and conservation sustainability. The objective of this study is to determine the adjourning community willingness to pay for improve conservation of Yankari game reserve using a dichotomous choice contingent valuation method (DC-CVM) on 422 respondents from adjourning communities of Yankari game reserve. The result of the study showed that the mean willingness to pay for improve conservation of the reserve by people of the adjoining communities of the reserve is N2,376.42. The findings of this study would provide a guide for the government, policy makers, management of the game reserve and relevant authorities towards achieving improved and sustainable conservation of Yankari game and also take into account the benefits associated with resources conservation and the need for both the public and private organisations to actively and financially participate for future generation to benefit.

Keywords: Biodiversity; Contingent valuation Method; Eco-conservation; Conservation; Willingness-to-pay;

 

 

Human Capital and Economic Development

 

Mustapha Ali

General Studies Department, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Human capital is the stock of competencies, knowledge, social and personality attributes, including creativity, embodied in the ability to perform labour so as to produce economic value. The use of the term in the modern neoclassical economic literature dates back to Jacob Mincer‘s article “Investment in Human Capital and Personal Income Distribution” in The Journal of Political Economy in 1958. The work of Psacharopolous (1994), according to Okuwa (2004) as cited in Sani (2010), provides comprehensive review of recent literature on returns to education investment. Several dimensions of returns to education were highlighted. The review covered 20 studies that used the full and the Micerian rate of returns for 78 and 62 countries, respectively. Worldwide, men are more likely to be literate, with 100 men considered literate for every 88 women. In some countries the difference is even greater; for example, in Bangladesh only 62 women are literate for every 100 men.  The British Royal Society coined the term “brain drain” to describe the outflow of scientists and technicians to the United States and Canada in the 1950s and early 1960s. By the 1970s the brain drain came to be associated with the flow of skilled individuals from the developing world to Western Europe and North America.

Keywords: Competencies, Human Capital, Economic Development

 

 

Feminist Campaign in the Novels of Chidi Ikonne and Bode Osanyin: An over-view

 

Bamanga Aliyu

General Studies Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bali, Taraba State

 

Abstract

The evolution of literary feminism is to promote the image of woman as against the poor status given her in most male writers’ works and ultimately the destruction of the patriarchal order in the society. Initially, in Nigeria, feminism is believed to be female writers’ realm, many male Nigerian writers are now writing projecting the plight of women and advocating for fair treatment of women. The paper cursorily examines the feminist campaign of Ikonne in his Our Land and Bode Osanyin in his The Noble Mistress.

Keywords: Women, Maltreatment, poor Image, Liberty 

 

 

The Zar Concept of the Holy Spirit in Biblical Perspectives

 

Wadam Z.S

Department of Christian Religious Studies, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.

 

Abstract

The paper is designed examines the concept of the Holy Spirit to the contemporary analysis of the Zar people it also expresses the literature of other scholars. The Holy Spirit is the one who gives life, power divine creative activity which went into the lives of the believers reconciling them to God and each other, which renewed them into new people. The paper looked at the church, the relationship between the church and the Holy Spirit, the significance of the Holy to the church and the function of the Holy Spirit to the church. The Zar concept of the Holy in our contemporary Christian faith.

Keywords: Zar, Concept, Holy Spirit, Biblical, Perspectives

 

 

X-Raying Issues of Insecurity in Nigeria and its Implication for Development.

 

Ven Egesi Jonathan C., Mrs. Juliet Egesi .A., Ihebom Sharon El – Benita (Alvan) & Okoma Chioma (Avan)

Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo-Ohaji, P.M.B 1472, Owerri-Nigeria.

 

Abstract

Security is considered is a pre-condition for development in every nation. On the otherhand, insecurity is a situation where lives and properties are lost from time to time. It has to be established that we can hardly have absolute or complete security, rather we can have relative security. Let the above be as it may, secured atmosphere engenders peace, progress and prosperity in every nation no matter where. Back home in Nigeria, a lot of crisis situations have rocked the progress of this nation as millions of precious lives and invaluable properties have been lost in previous times. Lately, the dreaded sects regarded as Boko haram and shites have worsened the already ugly situation and nothing tangible seem to be done. It simply keep getting out of hands everyday and the sight of solution is far and to a large extent non – existent. We therefore, emphasize the need to evolve a serene society which will allow for effective movements and progress of business activities and a sustainable development and progress. The security management models recommended in this study are aimed at combating the creators and perpetuators of situations of insecurity and  simultaneously addressing and removing the sources of dissatisfaction and discontentment which spur security breaches and the involvement of all stake holders both in public and private capacity, government, business organizations, civil society, religious groups communities and individuals to supply resources, expertise and information which are needed to ensure a safe environment that will promote peace, growth and development.

Keywords: x-raying, Issues, Insecurity, Nigeria, Development.

 

 

An Analysis of the Right to Life of Refugees under the International Conventions and Nigerian Laws

 

Abdulrasheed Isah Barau1, Garba Danlami1 Hassan and Habila Isa Barau2

1A. D Rufa’I College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State. 2Faculty of Law, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Bauchi State

 

Abstract

Millions of people are today forced to flee their homes as a result of conflict, systematic discrimination, or other forms of persecution[1]. As a result of the above, the concern of the International and local communities were caught. This and many other reasons led to the creation of many International instruments and local legislations for the protection of refugees. The 1951 Convention Relating to the Rights of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 OAU Convention, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966), African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights and the various fundamental human rights contained in the various Constitutions (local legislations), contain some human and fundamental rights, which humans are entitled to. Central to all these of bundle of rights, is the right to life. Right to life of a refugee is the backbone of any other rights. All other rights are secondary to right to life. This paper examined the right to life of refugees under the various Instruments. This paper is arranged into four chapters (Chapter 1-5) .As the reader will discover at the end of this paper, the right to life of refugees has not been expressly captured under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Rights of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 OAU Convention and the National Commission for Refugees Etc Act. However, such right is presupposed under the instruments Most of the writings on this area of law centred on the general rights of refuges as provided under the various instrument. For instance an article captioned ‘ the rights of refugees and internally displaced persons  made by HREA accessed online on 21/11/207 at www.hrea.org>Learn>E-Leaning researched on the rights of refugees generally as provided by the 1951 UN Convention and no more. This paper gave a special reference to the right to life of refugees under various International Instruments. This paper shall adopt the Doctrinal research method otherwise known as qualitative research. In this work, the primary sources of data are the various International instruments; the 1951 Convention Relating to the Rights of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 OAU Convention, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966), African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights and the various Constitutions (local legislations) of States. Secondary data which include work of learned authors in books and articles in Journals will be referred. Also reference may be given to finding tools like dictionary.

Keywords: International, Refugees, Conventions, Laws and An Analysis.

 

 

An Assessment of Human Rights: A relative term, not universal to different societies or locations 

 

Danjuma Abubakar Umar, Baba Shuwa Goni and Ashigar A.K. Satomi

*Department of Industrial and Labour Relations, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri Borno State. **Department of Business Administration & Management, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri Borno State. ***Department of Languages & Liberal Studies, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri Borno State.

 

Abstract

Human Rights are generally perceived as moral rights that every human has simply because he is human without necessarily being in some sort of relationship to others. These rights are considered to be individual entitlements for the protection against a standard set of threats. However such rights are relative; they vary according to ideology and religious beliefs across the globe. Moreover, such rights are not universal. This is because human rights are obviously historical products and that the only sense we can give to the idea of their universality is that they apply to all human beings in the present era, not to past ages. Thus, human rights is constantly evolving or changing and the realization and implementing of a better human rights protection is closely linked to the development of human society.

Keywords: Human Right, Universality, Ideology, Belief, Religious.

 

 

A Content Analysis of Daily Trust and the Nation Newspapers Coverage on Blasphemy in Abdu-Gusau Polytechnic Students’ Unrest in Talata-Mafara, Zamfara state

 

Sanusi Garba Gusau, and Sanusi Shehu,  

Abdu Guasu Polytechnic Talata Mafara, Mass Communication Department, Zamfara State.

 

Abstract

This paper chronicled news coverage of the Nigerian newspapers on the blasphemy syndrome in Zamfara state, a case that led to the death of 8 people in Talata Mafara town in the aftermath of the alleged vulgarity and insult to the personality of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the Messager of Allah (SWA), at Abdu Gusau Polytechnic on 22nd August 2016, by a Christian student on the campus. It is in response to this, that the paper surveyed 2 leading national newspapers: Daily Trust and The Nation for the study. The paper applied agenda setting and framing theories to situate the study in the context of objective reportage. The content analysis method is employed using the 30 retrieved copies of newspapers within the periods of August to  September, 2016 editions for critical analysis of the units and contents categories and news items slanted and contextualize with bearing influence on Abdu Gusau Polytechnic, Mafara-Zamfara State, Islam and the North. The paper recommended that Office PR Unit should be committed in issuing statements, press briefing on sensitive issues of concerns and promote the good image of the institution. PRO should also restore confidence and tackled potential misrepresentation and twist of the media against the interest of the institution.

Keywords: Content analysis, news coverage, blasphemy, AGP. Students’ unrest.

 

 

Conflicts, Mass Media, and National Development: the Nigerian Perspective. 

 

Usman Abdullahi Isah and Sagir Lawal Isyaku

Department of Mass Communiations Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic, Kazaure, Jigawa State.

 

Abstract

This study has examined the extent to which the mass media serves as instrument of escalation, generation and de-escalation of  conflicts in  Nigeria and the consequent effects of the role of the mass media in the development of the country as a whole. Secondary sources of data were the main method employed in the collection of data. The study examined critically news reports and analysis, editorials, advertorials and special columns’ contents of some newspapers and news magazines. Also radio broadcasts, television news and International News Agencies’ reports on conflicts were examined. From the analysis, the paper showed that the role of the mass media during period of conflict  contribute immensely to the escalation of these conflicts which consequently affected the socio-economic development of  Nigeria in particular and the nation at large. In addition, the paper established that even in some instances when conflicts arose as a result of other factors, they usually assumed religious colourations thus making them intractable. The study therefore recommends a paradigm shift in conflict reportage by the mass media in order to play down the situations rather than escalating them.

Key Words: conflicts, mass media, national, development, national development.

 

 

Yoruba Dialects and the Teaching of French Language in Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo

         

*Akande Olubukola Abosede (Mrs) & **Adeyinka Modupe Beatrice (Mrs)

*Department of French, School of Secondary Education (Language Programmes), Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo. **Department of French, Federal College of Education, Osiele, Abeokuta

 

Abstract

This paper investigated on the effects of some Yoruba dialects on acquisition and production of French language in Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo. Questionnaire was used for the collection of data with the use of percentage method for data analysis. Interview method was also employed with which the researchers conversed with the students on ground to test as well detecting difficulties in their sound production. It revealed students’ dialects and the structures of sounds that are rivals with the closely similar ones to those of French. It demonstrated French sounds that are wrongly produced by the students. It was recommended that if NCE French students would be competent in their discipline, resourceful to their pupils in future and good representatives of their college, they should be ready to differentiate between those problem-posed sounds in their dialects and French sounds. Lecturers should patiently look for words in Yoruba dialects or other dialects spoken around which could serve the purpose and make the French sounds well pronounced by the learners. In one word, NCCE would achieve her French educational objectives in the College and elsewhere since this paper would be useful to other students, lecturers, researchers and other stakeholders.

Keywords: Yoruba dialects, Teaching, French language, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, and NCCE.

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