African Scholar Journal of Contemporary Education Research Vol. 19 No. 8


AFRICAN SCHOLAR JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (AJCER)

VOL. 19 NO. 8 DECEMBER, 2020 ISSN: 2359–1991

 


 

Published by:

African Scholar Publications and Research International,

Centre for African Studies,

University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office,

Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.

Email: africanscholarpublications@gmail.com

 

Copyright © 2020 African Scholar Publications and Research International.



 

Effect of Family Size and Parents’ Income on Children’s Access to Education in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State, Nigeria

 

Mala Kulloma

Department of Education, Borno State University, Maiduguri, Nigeria

 

Abstract

This study examined the effect of family size on children Access to Education in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State, Nigeria. The population of the study was two hundred and eighteen thousand, nine hundred and seventy-six (218,976). The sample size of the study was three hundred and eighty (380). Family heads or caregivers of the children were selected using purposive sampling technique within Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State. The instrument used for this study was self-designed questionnaire. The research design used was correlation method. Data were analyzed using charts, simple percentage, Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) and chi square. The findings revealed parents’ income is a significant contributor to children access to education while family size was not a determinant of children access to education. Based on these findings the following recommendations were made: government should make sure that free and compulsory education were fully implemented so that children of school age will have free access to education

Keywords: Effects, Family size, Parents income, Children, Access to Education,

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Needed Change in the Management of Secondary Schools beyond Covid-19 in Nigeria

 

*Usman Mohammed; & **Hassana Muhammad Lawal

*Department of Educational Foundations and Curriculum, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. **Department of Educational Foundations and Curriculum, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

 

Abstract

This paper titled, Needed Change in the Management of Secondary Schools beyond Covid-19 in Nigeria looked at the impact of COVID-19 globally and narrow it to Nigeria situation. Specifically, attempt was made to review the impact of COVID-19 on the closure of secondary schools in Nigeria. The objectives of secondary schools as stated in the national policy on education (2013) were highlighted in order to have a deeper reflection on whether those objectives could be achieved based on  the impact  of this pandemic. The paper critically looked at the resonating impact of covid-19 on the management of secondary schools beyond school resumption; Inequalities, Inadequate ICT Facilities, Discontinuity in Learning, Inequity in Access to ICT-Based Learning, Depressing Education Demand and Supply and Increase in Dropout Risk were identified as areas where the pandemic has impacted on the management of secondary schools in Nigeria. Moving forward therefore, Educating Citizens in an Interconnected World, redefining the role of the educator, adopting Learning Recovery, teaching life skills needed for the future, change in Perceptions of Education Stakeholders and unlocking technology to deliver education among others were further identified as the needed change in the Management of Secondary Schools beyond COVID-19 in Nigeria. It was concluded that the impact of the pandemic has caused physical, psychological, emotional and mental trauma to all and sundry, to succeed therefore, the articulated needed change in the management of secondary schools as contained in this paper will do the magic if taken seriously. It was recommended that there should increase in education budget at all level of government to provide for all the needed resource and facilities for e-learning and ICT support services, there should be aggressive campaign on learning recovery strategies and intensive capacity building programme for school administrators and teachers on the use of technologies in teaching and learning beyond the pandemic in order to survive going forward

Keywords: Change, Management, Secondary Schools, Covid-19, Nigeria.

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Applicability of E-Learning as an Innovative Way of Teaching Agricultural Education in Secondary and Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria

 

Adeosun, Taofeek Adesoji; & Augustina Ndu U.

Agricultural Education Department, Federal College of Education (T.) Bichi, Kano State.

 

Abstract

E-learning refers to the technologies used for collecting, storing, editing and passing information in various forms especially with the aid of information and communication technologies (ICT). It is against this background that this paper tried to discuss the relevance of employing e-learning as a method of teaching Agricultural Education in Nigeria educational system. It started by giving the comprehensive meaning of Agricultural education, explaining e-learning as a concept and shedding light on how inadequate lecture method is in teaching Agricultural education vis-à-vis the applicability of e-learning in teaching the course. Benefits and problems of using e-learning as a method of teaching Agricultural education were also not left out. Among other recommendations were that all institutions of learning where Agricultural education is offered as a course should train their staff to become computer literate that will be able to use ICT for teaching and learning process, and as well make provision for regular power supply in their campuses a constant.

Keywords: E-Learning, Teaching Methods, Agricultural Education, Educational System, Innovative Way.

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Chemistry Education: New Trends, Best Practices, Opportunities and Challenges for Teaching Chemistry

 

M.Y. Amuda and A. Yahaya

Department of Chemistry, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education P.M.B 1469. Maiduguri. Nigeria

 

Abstract

This paper appraises and addresses the new trends, best practices, opportunities and challenges in chemistry education on the international and/or regional scenes and how can chemistry teachers adopt and adapt the new trends that may be appropriate in their culture/ country (Nigeria). The hands-on projects, in line with the new trends are highlighted to support the learning of our chemistry students. Science has been characterized as a body of knowledge evolved by scientists while science education builds on the knowledge and skills acquired by the learners so that students can understand scientific principles, laws and theories. The emphasis on the teaching and learning of science is on ensuring that teachers not only teach the processes of science but also enable sensory learners to learn scientific concepts. The paper suggest that teachers should provide the students with opportunity to learn independently in acquiring science process skills. Skills required to do science and technology successfully through observation, hypothesizing, experimenting, collecting data etc. Hence, the use of various suggested new trends/approaches such as the use of computer and the internet facilities, group work, discussion on ideas etc with the provision of enough laboratory facilities that can create more opportunities for inculcation and acquisition of desired skills in the students were elaborated and emphasized. Challenges of conducting practical examinations under limited science equipment’s that limits teachers freedom and authority for content selection and delivery, teachers are pressurized to cover the entire content , perception and practices on the nature of science where textbooks which emphasizes on factual information and lack of personal relevance and appeal for students were all stressed. So as chemistry educators we have a key role to play. Hence, better teachers are needed to improve science education.

Keywords; Chemical education, New Trends, Best practices, opportunities and Challenges.

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Ethical Issues in the Management of Examination in Tertiary Institutions: Review of Literature.

 

*Taiye Iliyasu; and **Jimoh Abiodun

*Ministry of Education, Kwara State. **Department of Foundation, School of General Education, Isa Kaita College of Education, Dutsin-ma, Katsina State.

 

Abstract

The importance of examination in national development cannot be over-emphasized. It dictates the quality of nation’s manpower if well managed. Thus, management of examinations is something that should be looked into deeply, so that the outcome of examination could be valid and reliable. This paper discusses the concept of Examination, Management, Ethical issues in the management, and organization of examination and concludes that management of examinations should start by creating sense of responsibility in students from day one and also teaching them proper studying skills and helping the teachers and managers of examination to develop matured personality.

Keywords: Examination, Examination Ethics, Examination malpractice, Examination management.

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Role of Information Communications Technology (ICT) in Home Economics Education in Nigeria

 

AI Gamawa; Victoria M. Adebayo; Hussaina K. Tiamiyu; and Muhibat A. Akande

Department of Home Economics, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare. Bauchi State.

 

Abstract

This study investigated the role Information Communications Technology (ICT) plays in Home Economics Education. The integration of ICT in the educational system has provided opportunities for both teachers and students to develop self-independence in acquiring knowledge and skill in a particular discipline. This study aims at linking the role of ICT as an effective tool in achieving Home Economics Education in Nigeria. The study adopted qualitative method using expository, evaluative and interpretative methods to analyse the data gathered for the study. The study pointed out some of the fundamental challenges confronting the integration of ICT in teaching and learning of Home Economics Education in Nigeria. The study argues that the integration of ICT in Home Economics Education plays an essential role in providing high quality education, providing possibilities of transforming teaching and learning process, serving as great potential for generating and supporting lifelong knowledge acquisition, providing innovative ways to utilize the knowledge and skills in Home Economics Education. These roles make both teachers and students to develop an increasing level of expertise to be independent, self-responsible, self-sufficient and intrinsically motivated learner. The study concludes that replacing the traditional pedagogical practices with ICT will underpin in the educational system in the country. Provision of ICT equipment, raising ICT centres in school environment among others were recommended to be carried out by government, non-governmental organizations and host communities.

Keywords: Home Economics Education, ICT, Students, Teachers, Teaching and Learning Process

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Influence of the Availability of Laboratory Facilities on Academic Performance of Students in Biology in Senior Secondary School of Jalingo Local Government Area of Taraba State, Nigeria

 

Bathsheba, A. Jumba 2 Damak, J. Daniel, 3, Wajim Daniel iramamse4 Akwayamai, P.J

1,2,3,4 Peacock College Education Jalingo, P.M.B. 2, Along FMC Way, Jalingo. Taraba State, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

The survey determined the influence of the availability of Laboratory Facilities on Academic Performance of students in Biology in Senior Secondary School of Jalingo Local Government Area of Taraba State, It adopted a descriptive survey research design and was guided by two specific objectives and two (2) research questions. It sought to find out to examine the Availability of Biology Laboratory Facilities and to determine the influence of the availability of laboratory facilities on the student academic performance in biology in Senior Secondary School of Jalingo Local Government Area of Taraba State.  Descriptive survey research design was employed for the study, a population of seventy six (76) teachers, due to the population was not large the researcher used all population a total of (76) respondents were used for the study, the total number of biology teachers of secondary schools in jalingo LGA is seventy six (76) for this reason, there was no need for sampling. The instrument used for data collection was a researcher developed questionnaire tagged Availability of Laboratory Facilities and Academic Performance of Biology (ALFAPQ). The questionnaire has sixty (10) items. Descriptive statistics and mean were used to answer research questions. It was revealed from the study that most of the facilities are not available in study area. From the opinion of the respondents wall chart, petri dish, beakers, chemicals and hand lens are available in some of the secondary schools. Also the respondents also opinioned that  facilities Biology laboratory such as Bunsen burner, microscope, first aid box, fire extinguisher, dissecting kits and laboratory assistant are not available. Also, the result reveals that students’ academic performance can be influence positively by the use of chart and beakers, laboratory equipment in explaining the abstract topics, microscope, and laboratory assistant.  Based on the above problems, it was recommended that  The school management should endeavor to make provision for laboratory facilities  that will enhance teaching and learning biology  in their schools., Government should increase the budgetary allocation to schools so as to enhance their running cost and to enable them to get the laboratory equip this will help in the practical application of biology  knowledge and Supervisors and inspectors from the Ministry of Education should strictly monitor the frequency of use of laboratory equipment by both teachers and students. This will ensure a hitch free utilization of the available science laboratory equipment in teaching and learning of Biology and such process will encourage students to do science of biology instead of learning about it.

Keywords: Influence, availability, laboratory facilities, academics and performance.

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Emerging Teaching Techniques: Implications on Pre-service Teachers’ Readiness to Integrate Information and Communication Technology in the Teaching of Basic Science

 

Mohammed Yunusa; & Jonathan Danna Zumunta

Integrated Science Department, School of- Science, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State

 

Abstract

The study aimed at investigating the pre-service teachers’ readiness to integrate   Information and Communication Technology (ICT) into teaching and learning Basic Science. The population of the study was the total number of NCE Students present in 2017/2018 academic session at the School of Science, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare. The method employed in the selection of the sample was Stratified Proportionate Random sampling. A structured questionnaire tagged “Pre-service teachers’ Readiness to integrate ICT into teaching Basic Science” was used in the data collection. Five point Likert scale was used to obtain the respondents opinions on their cognitive, operational and attitudinal readiness. The data collected were analyzed by using simple percentage and mean. The result of analysis indicates that the respondents’ readiness and determination was favourable and encouraging across all the dimensions of readiness. The findings of this study showed that the pre-service teachers were found to be cognitively, operationally and attitudinally ready to integrate ICT into the teaching and learning of Basic Science. The analysis also indicates that the respondents were competent in articulating many multi-media devices. Based on the major findings, some recommendations were therefore given: Micro-teaching syllabi at teacher training institutes should be reviewed to capture latest development in ICT into teaching. Teachers should be trained and retrained to match with current trends in teaching and for best global practices, among others.

Keywords: Pre-service Teachers, Readiness, Integration, ICT Tools, Basic Science

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Assessment of Pre-Service Chemistry and English Language Teachers’ Content Knowledge and Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Electrolysis Transformation and Tenses in English Language in Osun State

 

Irinoye James (Ph.D); and Eyengho Toju (Ph.D)

Department of Curriculum and Instruction, School of General Education, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo

 

Abstract

The competency profile of a teacher is fundamental to the development of professional standards of pre-service teachers through exposure to teaching practice exercise. This requires being knowledgeable in both content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge. This paper assessed pre-service Chemistry and English language teachers’ content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge in electrolysis transformation and tenses in English in Osun State respectively with a view to diagnosing, remediating and improving pre-service training strategies. The study adopted the survey strategy of enquiry of triangulation type. The population for the sample comprised Chemistry and English language pre-service teachers in Colleges of Education in Osun State that participated in the 2019 teaching practice exercise. The study sample consisted of 42 Chemistry and 64 English language pre-service teachers totalling 106 selected using convenience sampling technique. Three instruments used for data collection are titled: Pre-service Chemistry Teachers’ Achievement Test (PCTAT) and Pre-service English Language Teachers’ Achievement Test (PELTAT) to explore the content knowledge, Pre-service teachers’ lesson plan and observational checklist titled:  Pre-service Teachers’ Observation Checklist (PTOC) for pedagogical content knowledge. The reliability of PCTAT and PELTAT through test-retest method with a co-efficient of 0.79. PTOC was based on introduction of the lesson, lesson development and lesson evaluation and categorized into Highly Knowledgeable (HK), Knowledgeable (K), Low Knowledgeable (LK) and Very Low Knowledgeable (VLK). The results showed that pre-service teachers have sufficient content knowledge in their respective subject areas. While about 81% of the samples for pre-service Chemistry teachers had sufficient content knowledge in electrolysis transformation, about 78.1% of their counterpart in English language had sufficient content knowledge in tenses transformation. The result further revealed that both pre-service Chemistry and English language  teachers do not have sufficient pedagogical content knowledge in their introductory lesson delivery with the ground means   = 2.32, = 2.34 for lesson development and = 2.26 for lesson evaluation. The study recommends that lectures in the school of education should try to improve on current pedagogy in Colleges of Education, authorities of Colleges of Education should recommend to the government for employing more teaching staff, while the government should accede to employing more lecturers in the schools of education in the colleges, and organize seminars for pre-service teachers before going for teaching practice.

Keywords: Content Knowledge, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Pre-service teachers, Knowledgeable and transformation.

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Nutritional Quality and Academic Performance of Primary School Children in Jalingo Metropolis: A Quantitative Approach

 

*Olaitan Temitayo Oluwakemi; *Ajibola Adebayo Lukman; & **Jimoh Dauda Olusola

*Department of Educational foundations, College of education, Taraba state. **Seliat-Planet Model Schools, Jalingo, Taraba State.

 

Abstract

Issues surrounding academic performance of learners at various levels of education have become a source of concern to all and sundry. The students’ results in the public domain reveal that beyond school’s factors, teacher’s factors, family background and students related factors; there are other factors affecting academic performance of learners. Therefore, this paper took a quantitative approach to examine the influence of nutritional value of food intake on academic performance of primary school children in Jalingo metropolis. The study aimed at unravelling links between children’s feeding habit and their academic attainment. In order to achieve the of objectives of the study, two (2) research questions and two (2) research hypotheses guided the study. It was a survey research design which had thirty-one (31) public primary schools as targeted population. Out of which, seven (7) primary schools were randomly selected with fifty (50) respondents from each of the schools. Hence, three hundred and fifty (350) respondents formed sample size for this study. Simple percentage and mean were used for answering research questions while Chi-square (X2) analysis was employed for testing research hypotheses at 0.05 significant level. The findings revealed that nutritional quality significantly influence concentration level of primary school children during teaching; and that nutritional quality strongly and significantly influence academic performance of primary school children in the study area. Based on this study, among others, it was recommended that parents should ensure that their children are fed with nutritional foods as it is capable of enhancing on their cognitive development- thereby improving their academic performance. To this end, the paper concluded that concentration level and academic performance of primary school children could be upgraded, if due attention is given to the nutritional quality of their food intake.

Keywords: Nutritional value; concentration; cognitive development; academic performance; primary school children.

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The Availability of Counselling Facilities in Tertiary Institutions in Borno State, Nigeria

 

*Alkali Kolo Yagana; **Professor Kagu Bulama; & **Dr. Geofrey Ali Domiya

*Department of Business Education, College of Education Maiduguri, P.M.B 1469 **Department of Education, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069

 

Abstract

The aim of this research paper is to evaluate the availability of counselling facilities in Tertiary Institutions in Borno State, Nigeria. Out of twelve (12) tertiary institutions in Borno State, only four (4) has established counselling centers. These institutions  include; University of Maiduguri, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri, College of Education Waka-Biu and Umar Ibn Ibrahim El-Kanemi College of Education Science and Technology Bama. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study coprises of all the four counsellors in this four institutions. purposive sampling technique . A total of four copies of checklist were administered by the researcher and used for the study. Findings of the study revealed that there is adequate counselling facilities  in Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri and College of Education Waka-Biu, while University of Maiduguri and Umar Ibn Ibrahim El-Kanemi College of Education Science and Technology Bam, has inadequate counselling facilities. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that counselling facilities were adequate in some of the institutions while in others, counselling facilities are inadequate. Based on the findings, it was recommended that the concerned institutions should provide enough counselling facilities to those institutions with inadequate counselling facilities to enhance performance of counsellors in the institutions.

Keywords: Availability, Counselling,  Facilities,  Counsellors,  Institutions

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Quality Assurance and Control in Early Childhood Education towards Achieving Philosophy and Goals of Special Needs Education in Nigeria:  The Imperatives of Teachers Preparation

 

*Abdullahi Adamu Babangida; **Abdu Mustapha (Ph.D); *Otu Philomena Aweh; & *Caroline Aduke Tolorunleke

*Department of Educational Psychology, FCT College of Education.   **Department of Physical and Health Education, Sa’adatn Rimi College of Education, Kano

 

Abstract

This paper presents information on quality control and assurance in Early Childhood Education in Nigeria, being the imperatives of teachers preparation roles and functions. In this perspective, the paper tailored information on conceptualizing quality control and assurance processes, teachers preparation particularly as focused on meeting the needs for effecting teaching and learning in a mainstream system of interacting special needs along side with the morals in the same classes environment and system. In this regard teachers level of preparation as focused on their training and retraining quality of instructional communication skills possessed in fostering and facilitating teaching and learning. The use of inter and intra methodological approaches with a focus on ICT as a medium and method of instruction. In a similar gesture, the paper dwells on selecting and designing relevant instructional materials for learning content outcome to be achieved along side with afore-mention as well as using relevant examples towards achieving goals detailed instruction goals by the Early Childhood teachers.

Keywords:   Quality Assurance, Control, Teachers’ Preparation, Instructional Communication Skills Effective, Efficient Teaching and Learning, Educational Goals Attainments, Inclusive education system and functional literacy.

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Assessment of School Facilities Maintenance in Nigeria for the Effectiveness of Teaching Process. (A Case Study of North Eastern Public Senior Secondary Schools)

 

Mohammad Hassan Garba

Adamu Tafawa Balewa College of Education, Kangere, Bauchi, Nigeria

 

Abstract

This study assessed the maintenance of school facilities for effective teaching process in public senior secondary schools in north eastern Nigeria. The researcher interested to determine the extent to which public senior secondary schools utilized preventive maintenance, used replacement maintenance, applied periodic maintenance and consideration attached to emergency maintenance. The study employed cross-sectional survey design and proportionate stratified random sampling techniques. The population of the study is 5121 respondents and the study sample stood at 357 respondents. The study covered all public senior secondary schools in north eastern Nigeria. A self-structured questionnaire was used to collect relevant data. To give the general description of the data, frequency and simple percentages were used for demographic data; mean and standard deviation were used to answer the four research questions and four null hypotheses were formulated and the testing was done using independent sample t-test. The instrument was validated by four experts, two from educational admin and planning and two were selected from test and measurement. The instrument was pilot tested using test re-test method and the reliability index was 0.808. The study concludes that facilities maintenance was in a moderate extent in some state because of  their the good Administration and policies. School facilities were in a good shape but currently deteriorated due to poor maintenance of school facilities. It was recommended that both male and female teachers in every public senior secondary school in the state should be encouraged to utilize preventive maintenance in their respective schools. Day public secondary schools’ administrators should use part of their internally generated revenue to support periodic maintenance. Ministry of Education officials should monitor and supervise schools on regular basis to ensure that the four maintenance approaches are put in practice for the effectiveness of teaching process in public senior secondary schools in north eastern Nigeria.

Keyword: Assessment, Facilities, Maintenance, Effectiveness , Teaching, and process

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Towards Enhancing Student’s Performance and Attitude in Senior Secondary Two Biology Using Personalized Learning Strategy in Nigeria.

 

Christina Tanko Audu

Department of Integrated Science, College of Education, Zing, Taraba State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

The study investigated ways of enhancing student’s performance and attitude in senior secondary two biology using personalized learning strategy in Nigeria. four research questions  were raised  and answered  while four hypotheses  were formulated and tested  at 0.05 level  of significance. A quasi-experimental research design was adopted. the population comprised 1,532,865  senior  secondary two biology students from which   a sample  of 195 SSII  biology students  were selected  from the six  geo-political zones of the country . A multi-stage sampling technique was employed during the sampling. Two instruments titled Biology Performance Test (BPT) and Biology Attitude Rating Scale(BARS) were used for data collection. The instruments were validated using kuder Richardson formular 21 for BPT and cronbach Alpha method for BARS. There liability coefficients were calculated to be 0.82 and 0.74 respectively. Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions while Analysis of covariance (ANCOMA) was employed in testing the   hypotheses. The finding. Revealed that there is a significant difference in the mean  performance  scores of students taught biology using personalized learning strategy and those using the lecture method (P=0.00<0.05). There is a significant difference in the mean attitude scores of students taught biology using Personalized learning strategy and those taught using the lecture method (P= 0.00<0.05). There  is no significant difference  in the mean performance scores  of male and female  students taught biology  using personalized  learning strategy  (P=0.64>0.05). There  is no significant difference in the mean attitude  scores of male and female  students taught biology  using personalized learning strategy  (p=0.95>0.05)  the study  recommended  among others that teachers  of biology should  employ  the use  of personalized  learning  strategy  in teaching  to enhance students performance  and attitude.

Keywords: enhancing, strategy, personalized learning, academic performance, attitude.

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Teaching and Learning Mathematics: Managing Disruptive Behaviours among Students Learning Mathematics in Secondary Schools In Nigeria

 

Luka Joshua

Department of Mathematics and Statistic, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi

 

Abstract

No Mathematics teacher in the course of his/her career escapes meeting problems of behavior among the students learning Mathematics at one time or another. It is impossible to face forty differing individuals, with unique personalities and individual ways of reacting, without becoming aware of the fluctuations of mood and behavior. The origin of these problems exhibited by students could be from home or from school. Therefore, this paper discussed the meaning and types of disruptive behaviors commonly exhibited by students when in Mathematics classroom and the way forward of preventing or managing these bad behaviors among students. Among other recommendation made is that government should create a full department that carter for the training of school counsellors in the ministry of education in each state and Federal Ministry of Education which should provide opportunities for acquiring knowledge in areas of Mathematics by Mathematics teachers.

Keyword: Disruptive behavior, Bullying, Truancy, Aggression.

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Examining the Inadequate Integrative Motivation and Language Skills Acquisition by Bauchi State Students (Nigeria)

 

*Lami Saleh; & **Dahiru Musa Abdullahi

*English Language Department, Adamu Tafawabalewa College of Education, Kangere, Bauchi State. **English Language Programme, School of General Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State.

 

Abstract

This paper aims at finding out the efforts of a double problems, the lack of interest and consequents poor performance of students in English Language at the Primary and Secondary levels of our Educational System. It urges that apart from Nigeria causal factors, the lack of integrative motivation is a strong factor hampering students acquisition of language skills it has identified these factors and the effect and offered very useful suggestions for improvements.

Keywords: Examining, Inadequate, Integrative, Motivation, Skills Acquisition, Students.

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The Influence of Teachers Qualifications on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Delta State

 

*Mr.  Ichazu Kingsley; & **Professor Mrs.  N.  Omoregie

*Department of Educational Foundations and Administration, College of Education Agbor **Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Edo State.

 

Abstract

This study investigated the influence of teachers’ qualification on students’ academic performance in secondary school in Delta State.  A random sampling technique was used to select 25 public secondary schools out of 25 Local Government Area of Delta State.  Total of 364 samples comprising of teachers, students and secondary school principals were used during the study.  A survey design was adopted for the study.  Three researcher – made instruments namely School Principal Questionnaire (SPQ), Teachers Qualifications Questionnaire (TCQ) and Students’ Achievement Test (CAT) were used to gather data for the study.  Data were analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) and t-test.  Results revealed that there is significant relationship between teachers’ Qualification and students’ academic performance in secondary schools.  Secondary schools students taught by qualified teachers performed significantly better than those taught by unqualified teachers.  Also secondary schools students taught by experienced teachers performed significantly better than those taught by inexperienced teachers.  Recommendations were made on how to promote further development of secondary schools teachers in Nigeria.

Keywords: influence, qualification, experience, teachers’ qualifications, academic performance.

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Effect of Entrepreneurship Education on Poverty Alleviation among Graduates of Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri

 

Amina Goniri

Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic Geidam, Yobe State

 

Abstract

This study examined the effect of entrepreneurship education on poverty alleviation among the graduates of Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno State. Data were gathered through the responses of the respondents. The study used descriptive and inferential statistical tool for data analysis. The data collected was analyzed using simple regression analysis with the aid of statistical package for the social science (SPSS) version 20.0. The findings of this study revealed that there is significant effect of employment generation on poverty alleviation in the study area, there is also significant effect of wealth creation on poverty alleviation in the study area. Therefore, the study recommends that government should encourage the graduates to utilize what they acquire to be self-employed in order to reduce the rate of unemployment in the state, entrepreneurship education should be integrated into the education curriculum and be made effective at all level of education, so that employment generation will be enhance, and also government as a matter of urgency should prioritize the entrepreneurship education activities, giving it devoted practical and visible attention with a view of making it virile and vibrant, focused and productive.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship Education, Poverty Alleviation, Tertiary Institution

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Covid-19 Disruptions to Educational Sector in Nigeria, Implication for Developing World and Intellectual, and Researches for Achieving the New Sustainable Development.

 

Maryam Sani

Department of Education Foundation, School of Education, Federal College of Education (Tech) Gombe, Nigeria

 

Abstract

The protection of students, staff and educational facilities are particularly important. Precautions are necessary to prevent the potential spread of COVID-19 in school settings. Therefore, closure of educational institutions in Nigeria by Government can prevent the entry and spread of COVID-19 by students and staff that may have been exposed to the virus. This paper focused on Covid-19 Disruptions to Educational Sector in Nigeria, Implication for Developing World and Intellectual, and Researches for Achieving the New Sustainable Development. To put this disease outbreak in perspective, we will first provide some history of corona viruses, identify the effect of schools closure as a result of Covid 19 and identify ways to limit educational disruptions as a result of pandemic diseases. It’s recommended to have a flexibly adjustable plans, government need to address the digital divide the required infrastructure and connectivity to reach the remotest and poorest communities, also radio and television stations should recognize their key role in supporting national education goals by presenting educational programs. Open, distance and online learning is encourage in maintaining connection with other students and ensuring continuity of curriculum based study. Government should also work with telecommunication companies to apply zero-rate policies which can facilitate learning materials to be downloaded. Ministries of education should have a much clearer understanding of the gaps and challenges in connectivity, hardware, and integration of digital tools in the curriculum in order to fill the gaps. Government should find a way to provide meals using the school buildings in an organized fashion, community buildings or networks, or, if needed, distribute directly to the families.

Keywords: Disruptions, Educational Sector, Implication, Developing, Intellectual.

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Integrating Digital Base Pedagogy in Teacher Education Training: The Need for a Paradigm Shift

 

Dahiru Ahmad Muhammad; Magaji Shehu; Hadiza Tijjani Abdulkadir

Foundation Department, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

The protection of students, staff and educational facilities are particularly important. Precautions are necessary to prevent the potential spread of COVID-19 in school settings. Therefore, closure of educational institutions in Nigeria by Government can prevent the entry and spread of COVID-19 by students and staff that may have been exposed to the virus. This paper focused on Covid-19 Disruptions to Educational Sector in Nigeria, Implication for Developing World and Intellectual, and Researches for Achieving the New Sustainable Development. To put this disease outbreak in perspective, we will first provide some history of corona viruses, identify the effect of schools closure as a result of Covid 19 and identify ways to limit educational disruptions as a result of pandemic diseases. It’s recommended to have a flexibly adjustable plans, government need to address the digital divide the required infrastructure and connectivity to reach the remotest and poorest communities, also radio and television stations should recognize their key role in supporting national education goals by presenting educational programs. Open, distance and online learning is encourage in maintaining connection with other students and ensuring continuity of curriculum based study. Government should also work with telecommunication companies to apply zero-rate policies which can facilitate learning materials to be downloaded. Ministries of education should have a much clearer understanding of the gaps and challenges in connectivity, hardware, and integration of digital tools in the curriculum in order to fill the gaps. Government should find a way to provide meals using the school buildings in an organized fashion, community buildings or networks, or, if needed, distribute directly to the families.

Keywords: Disruptions, Educational Sector, Implication, Developing, Intellectual.

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Nutritional Quality and Academic Performance of Primary School Children in Jalingo Metropolis: A Quantitative Approach

 

*Olaitan Temitayo Oluwakemi; *Ajibola Adebayo Lukman; & **Jimoh Dauda Olusola

*Department of Educational Foundations, College of education, Taraba state. **Seliat-Planet Model Schools, Jalingo, Taraba State.

 

Abstract

Issues surrounding academic performance of learners at various levels of education have become a source of concern to all and sundry. The students’ results in the public domain reveal that beyond school’s factors, teacher’s factors, family background and students related factors; there are other factors affecting academic performance of learners. Therefore, this paper took a quantitative approach to examine the influence of nutritional value of food intake on academic performance of primary school children in Jalingo metropolis. The study aimed at unravelling links between children’s feeding habit and their academic attainment. In order to achieve the of objectives of the study, two (2) research questions and two (2) research hypotheses guided the study. It was a survey research design which had thirty-one (31) public primary schools as targeted population. Out of which, seven (7) primary schools were randomly selected with fifty (50) respondents from each of the schools. Hence, three hundred and fifty (350) respondents formed sample size for this study. Simple percentage and mean were used for answering research questions while Chi-square (X2) analysis was employed for testing research hypotheses at 0.05 significant level. The findings revealed that nutritional quality significantly influence concentration level of primary school children during teaching; and that nutritional quality strongly and significantly influence academic performance of primary school children in the study area. Based on this study, among others, it was recommended that parents should ensure that their children are fed with nutritional foods as it is capable of enhancing on their cognitive development- thereby improving their academic performance. To this end, the paper concluded that concentration level and academic performance of primary school children could be upgraded, if due attention is given to the nutritional quality of their food intake.

Keywords: Nutritional value; concentration; cognitive development; academic performance; primary school children.

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Use of Information and Communication Technology in Library Services, Impact and Challenges

 

Margaret A Amao

Abu Ali Library, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare.

 

Abstract

ICT has impacted greatly all sector of the economy and brought about modern and improved ways of doing things as oppose to the traditional way. Today, ICT becomes a driving force in the libraries. The use of ICTs in the libraries has tremendously changed the management of resources or housekeeping operations as well as the way services are delivered. that for any library to achieve its objectives, library services should be put in place so that user’s need could be met and for user to achieve maximum satisfaction It provide a platform whereby librarians can generate, store, retrieve, preserve and transmit information The provision of library services is the fundamental human right and as such libraries should provide an effective and efficient services that is accessible to everybody. This paper addresses the application of ICT in library services, discusses the benefits if library services to the users, impact of ICT, the resources for ICT application and the challenges of integrating it in library services.

Keyword:  Information and Communication Technology, Library, Library services, Information provision, ICT resources.

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The Role of Public Private Partnership (PPP) in the Development of Quality Education Programmes in Nigeria for Self-Reliance and Economic Improvement

 

Hassan Saleh; Ahmad Muhammad Mahmoud; & Abdurrashid Azarema

School Of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, PMB 0044 Bauchi State

 

Abstract

The National Policy of Education gave prominence to education for self-reliance in the educational structure. However good the structure maybe, it appears that it needs some improvement to accommodate some disadvantage youth in our society. The study review the condition of the institutions responsible for producing self-reliant with particular reference to Technical Colleges in Nigeria. Workshops, equipment and tools, learning environment and condition of service for teachers. Most of the problems identified initially as militating against the success of the educational system are still with us. These problems are traceable to economic, political and social situation in the country. The recent call for PPP intervention has become necessary because present educational system and its programme has failed to meet the expectations of the people in Nigeria.  What students are learning in the present system are essentially theoretical due to lack of tools and equipment, workshops/laboratory buildings and motivated teachers. This paper recommended that, schools should set-up a work experience programme to ensure practicability entrepreneurship ventures by the youth should be made to attract credit facilities among others.

Keywords: PPP, Quality-Education, Self-reliant, Economic, Improvement.

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