ABU ZARIA CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS (VOL. 4 NO.1)


THEME:

SETTING MOMENTUM FOR SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: RESEARCHES AND INNOVATIONS IN THE 21ST CENTURY  

 

 

DATE:

JULY 09, 2015

 

 

VENUE:

AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA FACULTY OF EDUCATION LECTURE THEATRE HALL, ABU-ZARIA, KADUNA STATE.

 

 

CONSISTENT FLOOD OCCURRENCES WITH DISASTERS IN NIGERIA: AN ENVIRONMENTAL MENACE

ENGR. GANA A.J

Civil Engineering Department, College of science and Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State.

ABSTRACT

Consistent flood occurrence with an unseasurable disasters in Nigeria has become a gearly event in Nigeria. It is an environmental menace, which has caused so many havoc to the country especially in those parts of the country where they are real. Set back in terms of Economic loss has been difficult to quantify in those places where flood occurrences had occurred times without number. This paper examines the consistent flood occurrences along side with disaster it has caused in many parts of Nigeria; its effect, Benefits, and preventive or control measures.

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URBAN PLANNING FOR MOTORCYCLE TRANSPORT IN KATSINA TOWN, KATSINA STATE, NIGERIA

1ZAINAB .M. ZAKARI, `ZAINAB .M. DALHATU & 2IBRAHIM .B. BALARABE

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria. Kaduna State, Nigeria & 2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

The study is quantitative in nature and both primary and secondary data were used. The primary data was collected using questionnaire administration. The question was three types, one was administered to the motorists (Achaba Riders/ Motorcycles Riders), the second was used to gather data from the passengers while the third type was used for the National Union Of Road Transport Workers and the Motorcyclists Union of the study area. The Secondary on the other hand covers the related demented materials. The collected data was analyzed using tables and percentages. The results depict that with regards to the motorists biodata, age group of 20-24 years has the highest and secondary school leaving certificates dominates the other certificates. Income generated per day by the Motorists ranges from less than one thousand naira (<N 1,000) but the average income generated by a Motorists is N1,000- 2,000 daily.With regards to   the vehicle ownership of the motorists as reveals by the survey, Daily return by the motorists to the owners covers 42% as the highest but for the principal reasons for the engagement of the motorists in the industries are categorized into three (3) categories with Unemployment in the study area cover 59% responses as the highest. The types of land uses basically operates by the motorists are classified into Residential, Commercial, Industrial but commercial land uses recorded the highest of 45% followed by Residential land use with exactly 27% . Further more, the passenger responses reveal that commercial area attract more activities of 45% slightly follow industrial. With regards to the motivation to the motorists, the reasons are as follow absences of buses is the greatest motivational factor that has 36% , this is follow by the effective services that gives comfort and it also saves the passengers time follow with exactly 29% but cheap services and the drive direct to the destinations combined together with other reasons give 35%. Further more , the responses with regards to the frequencies in the usage of the services daily covers 60% responses , the weekly gives 23% but monthly and once in while recorded closely the same percentages of 9% and 8% respectively. The result also reveals that the most displeasing problem faced by the passengers are the reckless nature of some riders with 37% responses while the lack of shelter at the terminals and bus stop which covers31% . Finally, high rate of accidents gains 17% responses and long time of waiting of the passengers has only 15%.   Conclusion and Recommendations were made

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EMPIRICAL STUDY OF EFFECT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION ON ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION AMONG UNVERSITIES’ STUDENTS IN NIGERIA

AKANDE, O. OLUSOLA & ALABI, EZEKIEL

Department of Management and Accounting, Faculty of Management Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria & Department of Business Administration and Management, Faculty of Management Studies, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

One of the serious challenges facing Nigeria today is the youth unemployment with the ripple effect of their resort to violent crimes. This paper examined the effect of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial intention among universities’ students in Nigeria. Structured questionnaire was employed to collect data from one hundred and five (105) respondents through purposive sampling method. Linear regression was used with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to analyze the data collected in order to determine the effect of independent variable (entrepreneurship education) on dependent variable (entrepreneurial intention). The result showed that entrepreneurship education is a major source of inspirational trigger that positively impact on entrepreneurial intention. However, the result has a valuable implication for policy makers in higher education, school administrators and educators. It was therefore, recommended that for a nation to achieve meaningful and sustainable economic development adequate attention must be given to wide spread of economic activities through entrepreneurship education in our tertiary institutions.

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MIXED ECONOMIC MODEL OF DEVELOPMENT: TOWARDS A RADICAL ALTERNATIVE

ABUBAKAR YAKUBU

Department of Sociology, Federal University, Kashere P.M.B. 0182 Gombe State Nigeria

ABSTRACT

In order to achieve national development objectives, there are wide and different methods that can be applied, but the objective of any Model adopted remains the greatest possible amount of human satisfaction to the Citizenry from available resources. In this paper it has been pointed that the utility or success of the mixed economic strategy of development in Nigeria is better understood with regard to the sustainability and adaptation. The problem of development at both micro macro levels were analysed using grand sociological perspectives to shed light on the relationship between mixed economic strategy of development and other variables, The paper concludes that a mixed economy is a healthy economy if properly adapted and maintained but certain recommendations are to observed especially from best practices in India, China and the tigers

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ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF A PENTACYCLIC TRITERPENE FROM THE STEM BARK OF GLOSSONEMA BOVEANUM (DECNE.), A TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL PLANT

AHMED JIBRIN UTTU1* MOHAMMED SANI SALLAU2 HAMISU IBRAHIM2 AJALA ABDULJELIL2 & DAVID EBUKA ARTHUR2

1*Faculty of Science, Federal University Gashua – Nigeria 2Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria – Nigeria

 ABSTRACT

The antibacterial activity of extract from Glossonema boveanum stem bark was tested against pathogenic bacteria. The test organisms were Staphylococus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella typhii, Shigella dysenteriae and Escherichia coli. The antibacterial activity of the ethyl acetate crude extract and isolated compound was determined using the Agar well diffusion method. The ethyl acetate crude extract showed activity against S. aureus (13 mm), B. subtilis (21 mm), S. typhii (21 mm), S. dysenteriae (18 mm) and E. coli (11 mm). Minimum inhibitory concentrations for the ethyl acetate crude extract were determined against S. aureus (3.125 mg/ml), B. subtilis (12.5 mg/ml), S. typhii (3.125 mg/ml), S. dysenteriae (3.125 mg/ml) and E. coli (12.5 mg/ml). The active extract was separated by column chromatography and seven fractions (F1 – F7) were collected. Fraction three (F3) yielded a new compound, (3β)-3-Hydroxy-lup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid, which showed antibacterial activity. The minimum inhibitory concentrations were recorded against S. aureus (3.125 µg/ml), B. subtilis (12.500 µg/ml), S. typhii (6.250 µg/ml), S. dysenteriae (3.125 µg/ml) and E. coli (6.250 µg/ml). The crude ethyl acetate extract of Glossonema boveanum and the compound isolated from this exhibited activity against the tested bacteria

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EFFECT OF ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS DEVELOPMENT SCHEMES OF THE OSUN STATE GOVERNMENT ON YOUTH EMPLOYMENT

AKANDE, O. OLUSOLA & ALABI, EZEKIEL

Department of Management and Accounting, Faculty of Management Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria & Department of Business Administration and Management, Faculty of Management Studies, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

This study examined the effects of Entrepreneurial Skills Development Schemes of the Osun State Government on youth employment. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 160 respondents through multistage sampling method which consists of stratified, purposive and random sampling. Multiple regression was used to analyze the data collected in order to determine the effects of independent variables, entrepreneurial dimensions on dependent variable (youth employment). Result revealed that entrepreneurial skills dimensions have significant effects on youth employment. The study also revealed that personal and business operation skills respectively have high beta score than other dimensions with youth employment. It was concluded that predictor variables namely (Management, Technical, Business Operation and Personal) is 70.6% variance of youth employment. The paper therefore, recommended that Osun State government should enhance the level of developing entrepreneurial skills among the youth in the state by investing more on the schemes, because if it is higher, enterprise sustainability will be achieved leading to job creation for the youth.

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COPING STRATEGIES ADOPTED BY FARMERS LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS IN JEMA’A AND GIWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF KADUNA STATE.

 1OLATUNJI TUNDE E, 2MICHAEL Y. HANNATU, 3TUNDE-OLATUNJI, OLUBUNMI A., 4SHITTU JUMOKE K.

1-2Directorate of Leather Technology, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria. 3Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Federal Medical Centre, Keffi. 4Directorate of Science Technology, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria

ABSTRACT

The main objective of this study was to determine the surviving strategies adopted by people living with HIV/AIDS in Jema’a and Giwa local government areas of Kaduna state, Nigeria. The sample size (192) was randomly and proportionately selected at 10% of the population respectively. The population covers a period of 6 years (2007 – 2012) and was obtained from the local government general hospitals and relevant non-governmental organizations. Structured questionnaire was used and administered by trained enumerators, supervised by the researcher to collect relevant data from the respondents. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance coupled with simple percentage were employed to analyse the data. The common strategies adopted by the respondents in coping with HIV/AIDS in Giwa includes: sales of family assets, crops, labor; withdrawal of children from school and substitute expensive meals with 16.2%, 14.6% and 13.5% respectively. In Jema’a the common strategies includes: substitute expensive meals, sales of family assets and live on less intake of preferred food with 24.4%, 14.6% and 12.0% in that order. The respondents suggested that free education for their wards, accessibility and availability of treatment drugs, access to credit/loan, job creation and enlightenment programmes among others as mean of managing their conditions. It is recommended that poverty reduction strategies or measures need to be taken seriously and given priority among rural people, direct support for HIV/AIDs infected farmers such as credit facilities and inputs need to be provided promptly at highly subsidized rates and also, there is the need to draw up legislation that can protect the land rights of women and children.

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PROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF GINGER, SCOTCH BONNET PEPPER, GARLIC, BELL PEPPER AND ONION (SPICES) SAMPLES

H. NUHU1, Y. S. GWARZO2, & KABUK2, J. B.

1Department Chemistry, Bauchi State University Gadau, P.M.B. 3011, Bauchi – Nigeria. & 2Department of Science Laboratory Technology, The Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, P. M. B. 0231, Bauchi -NigeriA

ABSTRACT

Proximate analysis of garlic, ginger, bell pepper, scotch bonnet pepper and onion (spices) samples was carried out using various AOAC (2006) methods. The percentage parameters ranges in the order: 5.1% in ginger to 9.3% in onion for moisture content; 5.8 % in scotch bonnet pepper to 9.7% in bell pepper for ash content; 3.3% in ginger and garlic to 13.3% in bell pepper for crude lipid; 7.7% in ginger to 10.7% in onion for crude protein and 61% in bell pepper to 76% in ginger for total carbohydrate content the result showed that all samples have moderately high percentage of carbohydrate in them. This agrees with the fact that spices generally are mostly used as mere food adjuncts, used to give piquancy to tasteless food. Thus they serve mainly to add flavour, aroma and taste to food and dishes.

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HARDNESS VALUES AND FRICTION BEHAVIOR OF AL-SI-FE ALLOY/COCONUT SHELL ASH PARTICULATE METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES (PMMCS)

A.APASIA, D.S.YAWAS

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

Hardness values and friction behavior of aluminium alloy (Al-Si-Fe) reinforced with coconut shell ash particulate (CSAp) was produced by stir-casting process. The effect of the increase in percent coconut shell ash particle additions on the hardness values and the friction behavior of the composites were investigated. The hardness values were determined (ASTME 18-79,200) using the Rock Well hardness tester on “B” scale (Frankwell test, Rockwell Hardness Tester, model 38506). The friction behavior was determined by the variation of coefficient of friction during tests of dry sliding wear characteristics under different loads were determined. The results show that the hardness values increased from 63.50 HRB at 0wt% to 78.60 HRB at 15 wt%, and the coefficient of friction during test show that at higher load, frictional force increases with greater dissipation of energy resulting to higher coefficient of friction with increasing load.

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RESEARCH INNOVATIONS IN TESSELLATION TOWARDS ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

MOHAMMED ADAMU AMINU1 , OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED2 , KABIRU ZAKARI2 & ABUBAKAR ALIYU MUNKAILA2

1Architecture Programme, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi & 2Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi

ABSTRACT

Architectural historic preservation such as tessellation has been used as a means to express or represent issues, identity, culture and this is often linked to nation building. Tessellation evolves a great idea developed into geometrical interlocking shapes or form to produce a modular template. In Islamic art and architecture, tessellation plays a very important role in the evolution of design thoughts both in theory and practice. The processes and procedures involved had passed through a lot of stages and phases from manual labours in Egypt and computerized operations all over the world. Apart from art and architecture, the contributions of some aspects of mathematics (geometry, triangulation, algorithm, decimation, algebra, circle theory) and computer can never be under estimated in the growth and development of tessellations. As a result of the above, this article investigates researchable innovations in the built environment towards architectural development of the nation. Practical day to day applications of tessellations are either general or specific. General examples of tessellations include designs on rugs, carpets, tiles, walls, and ceilings of various materials, etc. Specific examples of tessellations include reliefs, decoupages, murals, realias, coupling, collage, interlockings, paintings, voronois, miura-oris, meshes, simulations, modellings, robotics, digital effects, and computer games, etc.

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REVERSED INVOLUTE TECHNIQUE OF RACK GEAR PRODUCTION ON VERTICAL MILLING

USMAN JIBRIN RUMAH & IBRAHIM LADAN MOHAMMED

Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, P.M.B. 2021, Kaduna Polytechnic Road, Tundun Wada, Kaduna.

 ABSTRACT

The capability of transmitting power and motion from one shaft to another makes gears one of the most important elements in machines. They have advantage over friction and belt drives because they are positive in their action, a feature which most of the machine tool requires since the exact speed ratios are important. Gear production requires good attention because of the specific requirements of gears, since gear tooth flanks have complex and precise shape with high surface finish requirements. Basically, gears can be produced by two principal methods of gear forming and gear generation. This paper discuses the production of rack teeth (gear) by method of ‘reversed involute’ technique. In this technique, the involute for the pinion (rack driver) was developed and its inverse was generated and imposed (by grinding) on a 600 counter-sunk tool (formed tool) for the rack teeth. The rack production was carried out on a vertical milling machine with end mill cutter used to generate the initial grooves on the gear blank.

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DEVELOPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION OF PLAIN BLANKING-PUNCHING DIES FOR FLIP-FLOP FLOOR MAT USING COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL MACHINE

USMAN JIBRIN RUMAH & IBRAHIM LADAN MOHAMMED

Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, P.M.B. 2021, Kaduna Polytechnic, Tudun Wada, Kaduna

ABSTRACT

A die is a tool intended to cut or shape sheet metal or similar materials. Basically, the die proper consists of the die block and the punch. The die block is the part of the die that contains a hole that has the same outline as the piece that is to be punched. The punch fits into the hole in the die block. It is the part to which power is applied for performing the cutting operation. This paper discuses the production of a punch and a die block where Computer Numerical Control (CNC) program was generated for both the punch and the die block, 3mm end mill cutter was used as cutting tool. The program was run on B555 CNC Training Mill, the die block and the punch perfectly matched with a very close clearance fit, which is not obtainable with on conventional milling machine. The sample punched was neat and accurate.

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ANALYSIS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF THE USE OF VEGETAL RESOURCES FOR MULCHING AND STAKING CROPS IN ZAGO KATAF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA KADUNA STATE

Damina, A., Cecilia shekari K., Nale, B. Yusuf.,. Sim Haruna D. & Deborah, D. A.

School of Agricultural Technology Samaru Kataf Campus, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic Zaria, Kaduna state Nigeria.

Abstract

The paper attempts an analysis of the impact of the use of mulch and stake materials for raising crops on the environment. To achieve this, 100 hundred people were identified and sampled at source points. A structured questionnaire and oral interview were deployed to source for data. Going by the results, 44% of those involved in cutting much and stake materials had no formal education, 51% had no knowledge of environmental education, 60%agreed that women were more involved on commercial basis than men were, 45% agreed to accrued ≤ N 61,000 from sales of mulch and stakes per annum. Similarly, 55% used shrubs as mulch and stakes, 46% agreed sourcing for mulch and stakes 5 times in a year; mostly between the months of January and March, those who agreed that sourcing mulch and stakes was purely economic had a mean distribution of 1.3 while those who agreed that sourcing mulch and stakes had negative impact on the environment had a mean of 1.4. The study recommends the need for environmental education through sensitization to minimize negative impacts on the environment.

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