24th Academic Conference on Sub-Sahara Nations’ Transformation: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach (ABU Zaria, 2022)


THEME: NEW DIRECTION AND UNCOMMON CHANGES SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN NATIONS’ TRANSFORMATION: A MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH

 

DATE: 28TH JANUARY, 2022

 

VENUE: LECTURE THREATER HALL, FACULTY OF EDUCATION, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ABU ZARIA, ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA, WEST-AFRICA.

 

ORGANIZERS: AFRICAN SCHOLAR PUBLICATIONS AND RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL

 

DOWNLOAD THE CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS (NO. 1)

DOWNLOAD THE CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS (NO. 2)

 

CONFERENCE ABSTRACTS:

 

A 2-PERIOD DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING MODEL FOR DETERMINING AN OPTIMAL ORDERING POLICY UNDER STOCHASTIC DEMAND

 

 

AISHA, S.H. AND SANI, B.

Mathematics Department, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria.

 

ABSTRACT

This paper considers the problem of computing optimal ordering policy for single product under a periodic review inventory system with stochastic demand. Adopting a Markov decision approach, the states of the Markov chain represent possible states of demand for the models. The objective is to determine in each period of the planning horizon, an optimal EOQ so that the long run profits are maximized for a given state of demands. The decision of how much quantity to order or not to order are made using a 2- period dynamic programming over a finite planning horizon. A numerical example demonstrates the existence of an optimal state, economic order quantity, as well as corresponding profits.

 

Keywords: Dynamic programming, EOQ, Markov chain, stochastic demand, Inventory Management, Optimal Policy.

 

 

MATHEMATICS TEACHERS’ AWARENESS, PERCEPTION AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS EXELEARNING INSTRUCTIONAL AUTHORING TOOL AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN MINNA, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

 

 

ABDULKARIM, O. R*, NSOFOR, C. C., TUKURA, C. S. AND FALODE, O.C

Department of Educational technology, School of Science and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

The study investigated the Mathematics teachers’ awareness, perception and attitude towards Exe learning instructional authoring tool among secondary schools in Minna, Niger state, Nigeria.  During the pilot study, the obtained reliability coefficients were 0.72, 0.79 and 0.75 for awareness, perception and attitude of exe learning authoring tool. Mean and standard deviation were adopted to answer the research questions and the null hypothesis was tested at the 0.05 confidence level using t-test approach.  Findings revealed that teachers are aware, have a good perception and excellent attitude to the use of exe learning authoring tools with a grand mean and standard deviation of 3.53, 3.02, 3.08 and 0.68, 0.85, and 0.83 respectively.  Therefore, from the results of the analysis, mathematics teachers under the study show an appreciable level of awareness, good perception and excellent attitude to the use of exe learning authoring tools as a mode of teaching-learning mathematics subject.  It was recommended that teachers should be encouraged to use the eXe learning platform by providing all the necessary gadget such as laptop, conducive environment and the needed information, communication and technology skills and resources required.

 

Keywords: Authoring tool, eXeLearning, Awareness, perception, attitude, Mathematics

 

 

INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION AND ORGANISATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES IN NIGER STATE

 

 

SULEIMAN, AMINA HASSAN, DR. A. O. AHMED AND DR. CHIKE-OKOLI CHIBUOGWU FELICIA

Library and Information Technology Dept., Federal University of Technology, Minna

 

Abstract

The study was on the inter-personal communication and organisational effectiveness of academic libraries in Niger State. The study was guided by three objectives and three corresponding research questions. Among the objectives of the study were to: ascertain the extent of interpersonal communication practice in academic libraries in Niger State, factors affecting the interpersonal communication and organisational effectiveness in the selected academic libraries in Niger State.  Survey research design method was adopted for the study while the total population was two hundred and twenty-five (225) which consisted of one hundred and five (105) professional librarians and one hundred and twenty (120) para-professional library staff in ten (10) tertiary institutions in Niger State. The researchers adopted the entire population of both professional and para-professional library staff because the population size was manageable. Questionnaire was the only instrument used for data collection. Out of two hundred and twenty-five (225) copies of questionnaire administered, two hundred and six (206) copies were filled, returned and used for the analysis. Descriptive statistical tool constituting of frequency counts, percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data. The findings of the study revealed that there was a high extent of interpersonal communication practice on organisational effectiveness in the selected libraries. The study revealed further that the inability of users to form queries correctly, inadequate listening skills, frustration due to poor working condition, physical distraction in the library environment, cultural differences between staff and users are some of the factors that affects the interpersonal communication and organisational effectiveness in the selected academic libraries. The study recommended among others that the management of academic libraries in Niger State should as much as possible provide adequate funding to the libraries to improve quality of services rendered in the libraries, the management of  academic libraries in Niger State should encourage an improved feedback and/or appreciation system, as it will serve as a medium of evaluation and motivation for library employee which will invariably improve organisational effectiveness across academic libraries.

 

Keywords: inter-personal communication, organisational effectiveness, academic library

 

 

UTILIZATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TOOLS FOR MONITORING COMPLIANCE TO SAFETY PRACTICES ON CONSTRUCTION SITES IN ABUJA

 

 

ADAMU, I. I., OKE, A. A., SHITTU, A. A. AND MOHAMMED, Y. D

Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Minna.

 

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at assessing the utilization of AI tools for monitoring compliance to safety practices on construction sites in Abuja. The study employed the use of quantitative research approach with the aid of questionnaire survey to obtain data from the 255 construction firms registered with the Abuja Business Directory. Out of which a sample size of 156 was gotten. Analysis of data was undertaken using Relative Index (RII). Findings from the study show that Site Sensors, Construction Wearable, Drones (UAV), Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality are the most important AI tools required for monitoring the level of compliance to safety practices on construction sites. The most significant benefit of AI tools on the level of compliance to safety practices on construction sites isEnable management to avoid accidents and eliminate safety hazards so as to reduce the difficulty of employees as well as minimising their loss”. It was therefore concluded that the application of AI tools would significantly improve compliance to safety practices on construction sites in Abuja. It was recommended that management of construction firms should invest in training their safety officers or anybody so assigned safety responsibility with the required skills, competence and confidence to implement the right technologies on the use and application of AI tools in order to be able to effectively plan and monitor site activities in a safety and health compliant manner.

 

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Construction Site, Monitoring, Safety Practices.

 

 

CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS OF THE INTENTION-TO-USE BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING (BIM) IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

 

 

ISA, S. AND ANIFOWOSE, M. O.

Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Minna

 

Abstract

The use of technology in the Nigerian construction industry has continued to draw the interest of researchers particularly in the area of BIM. This study aims to assess the critical success factors of the intention to use BIM. The study adopted a quantitative research approach which include the use of a questionnaire. The population of the study include construction professionals registered with Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) which is 4,195. The Kothari sample size formula was applied to calculate the sample size of the study (352 professionals). The questionnaire was then served to the professionals in the population randomly and a total of 156 questionnaires representing a 44% response rate were retrieved. The data collected was analyzed using a mean item score. The study revealed the top five critical success factors to include; Training and learning (MS = 4.12; SD = 0.96; p < 0.05), Functionality (MS = 4.11; SD = 1.08; p < 0.05), 3D visualization, data sharing and bim platform access (MS = 4.11; SD = 0.80; p < 0.05), Ease of use and adoption (MS = 4.11; SD = 0.77; p < 0.05), and Standardization (product and process) (MS = 4.06; SD = 0.80; p < 0.05). This study would serve as a theoretical foundation for future studies and as well assist construction industry stakeholders to develop appropriate policies to improve BIM adoption in Nigeria.

 

Keywords: Building Information Modelling, Adoption, Built Environment Professionals, Critical Success Factors

 

 

THE INFLUENCE OF WORK DISCIPLINE AND JOB SATISFACTION ON THE JOB PERFORMANCE OF MEDICAL RECORDS MANAGERS IN FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTRES IN NORTH-CENTRAL, NIGERIA

 

 

DAUDA, JIBRIL JIBRIL1 AND DR. KATAMBA ABUBAKAR SAKA2

Library and Information Technology Dept., Federal University of Technology, Minna

 

Abstract:

The paper highlighted the influence of work discipline, and job satisfaction on the job performance of medical records managers in federal medical centres in North-Central, Nigeria. The study was guided by five objectives, five corresponding research questions and three null hypotheses. Survey research design method was adopted for the study. The target population of the study was 376 medical record managers in five federal medical centres in North-Central, Nigeria. Total enumeration or census was used because the population size was manageable. Questionnaire was the only instrument used for data collection. Descriptive statistical tool involving frequency counts and percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data. The study concluded that variables which improve the level of job satisfaction of medical record managers should be looked into such as remuneration, leadership style, working environment and policy, training and development of members of staff for effective output. The study recommended among others that comfortable working environment should be made available should be made available to medical records managers in order to be able provide effective service to Federal Medical Centres.

 

Keywords: Federal Medical Centres (FMCs), Job Performance, Job Satisfaction, Medical Records Managers, Work Discipline

 

 

KNOWLEDGE SHARING AND INFORMATION CREDIBILITY AS CORRELATE OF DECISION MAKING AMONG HEALTH PRACTITIONERS IN FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTRE NORTH-CENTRAL NIGERIA

 

 

*ADAJI, TRUST KADIRI; *PROF P.U. AKOR; & **ABU OMALI ISA

*Department of Library and Information Technology, Federal University of Technology Minna. **Library Services Department, Federal University of Technology Minna.

 

Abstract:

The paper highlighted knowledge sharing and information credibility as correlate of decision making among health practitioners in federal medical centres in North-Central, Nigeria. The study was guided by two (2) objectives, two (2) research questions and one (1) hypothesis. The null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance: Survey research design method was adopted for the study. Questionnaire was the only instrument used for data collection.  Three hundred and seventy-four (374) copies of questionnaire were administered on respondents and three hundred and sixty-one (361) copies of questionnaire were filled, returned and used for the analysis. Descriptive statistics such as frequency count, percentage, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data. The findings of the study among others revealed that health practitioners conceptualize ideas during decision making processes. The result of the hypothesis showed that increase in knowledge shared and verified will improve decision making among health practitioners in federal medical centres  North Central, Nigeria. In conclusion, the study recommended among others that provision of equipment and use of professional social media platforms for credible  knowledge sharing will aid medical practitioners in decision making processes and ensure that the provision of only rich credible information are provided.

 

 

ANTI-GRAFT WAR IN NIGERIA, REFERENCE TO INDEPENDENCE CORRUPT PRACTICES COMMISSION (ICPC) ABUJA

 

 

NWANERI CONSTANCE L.O.; DR. CHIJIOKE EGWU; & DUWARA DOGARA YOHANNA

Department of Sociology/ Criminology and Security Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau – State.

 

Abstract:

The broad objective of this work is to examine anti-graft war in Nigeria, with reference to ICPC. Is quite obvious that corruption is a problem not only in the world’s major financial markets and offshore centres, but also for emerging markets. One of the greatest threats to economic and political development of any nation is corruption. Therefore, the challenges of corruption remain a major devastating issue facing Nigeria since the colonial period, although, this phenomena has become a cankerworm that has eaten deep into the fabrics of our system. Nevertheless, its solution rests in our hands and cannot be put off to another day. In Nigeria, corruption has been identified as the bane of urgently needed development in the country. Corruption impairs the development of these important financial institutions for two reasons first corruption erodes financial institutions themselves. Within these institutions, there is often a correlation between corruption and fraudulent activities undertaken by employees. At a higher volumes of corruption activity, entire financial institutions in developing countries are vulnerable to corruption by criminal elements seeking to gain further influence over their corruption channels. And in this work we suggested that federal government should make all the anti-corruption commission more effective as a result of empowering then and funding the agencies and as well as independent so as to enforce laws without interference.

 

Keyworks:     Corruption, Anti-graft war, ICPC, Sustainable Development, Financial Institution.

 

KANO RIVER IRRIGATION PROJECT (KRIP) AND THE PROMOTION OF CAPITALIST AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

 

 

NURA SHUAIBU SAFI

Department of Political Science, Bayero University, Kano, Kano State.

 

Abstract

This paper was designed to examine the ongoing transformation in the Kano River Irrigation Project (KRIP) vis-à-vis the promotion of capitalist agricultural production project area. Lewis dual sector model was adopted as a theoretical frame of this research. The model assumes the existence of dual sector in the LDCs, namely; subsistence and capitalist sector. While the motive of production in the former is subsistence-driven, exchange and profit making are that of the latter, and profits and rents are the major sources of savings and investments.

 

Key words; Transformation, capitalist, agricultural production

 

 

BASIC PROCESS SKILLS AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS: INPUTS TO AN ENHANCED STUDENTS COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE.

 

 

*ASIYA HASSANU; & **JAMILA ZAYYANA MAIMAJE

*Department of Science and Vocational Education, Ummaru Musa Yar’adua University Katsina State. **Sani Zangon Daura College of Health and Technology Daura

 

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the correlation of mastery in basic process skills and attitude toward Science students’ performance. From the 200 respondents 74% or most of the students are normally in the age bracket for secondary students which is 11 to 12. One hundred one (101) respondents or 50.5 % of the total respondents are male while 99 respondents or 49.5 % of the total respondents are female. Although many students are in the ss2 class  there are also many students in lower level especially in ss1 who must be aided to improve their skills and performance. The students have homogeneity of “high positive attitude” in all the items in the survey of attitude toward Science except in classroom environment. Many students have “outstanding” performance in Science but there are also many with “Fairly Satisfactory” and “Did not meet expectations” that need immediate attention. In correlation between attitude toward Science and students’ performance, only understanding dimension established significant relationship in terms of teaching strategy; all the cognitive process dimensions are not related in terms of academic value; analyzing and creating dimensions are significantly related in terms of Science activity; and understanding, applying and analyzing dimensions are significantly related in terms of classroom environment. iv In correlation between mastery in basic process skills and performance in Science, observing and predicting skills show significant relation with remembering dimension; observing, inferring and predicting skills have significant relationship with understanding dimension; only classifying skill has no significant relationship to applying dimension ; communicating and predicting skills are significantly related to analyzing dimension; only inferring is significantly related to evaluating; and all basic process skills are significantly related to creating. In the light of the aforementioned findings, the following conclusions are drawn: The null hypothesis stating that the mean level of students’ mastery of the basic process skills is not significantly related to performance in Science is partially supported. As per indicated in the findings, the null hypothesis stating that there is no significant relationship between students’ attitude and performance in Science is partially.

 

Keywords: science process skills, performance, Attitude, Cognitive.

 

 

ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINIMUM STANDARDS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND PRIMARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM: NEW DIRECTION AND COMMON CHANGES IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA

 

 

ADELOWO PETER AND EYENGHO TOJU, (Ph. D).

Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Adeyemi Federal University of Education, Ondo State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

The study examined the assessment of the implementation of the minimum standards of early childhood care and primary education curriculum in Ondo State. It assessed the adequacy of the minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum. It also examined the level of implementation of the minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum. The study further ascertain the adequacy of provision of educational resources to implement the minimum standard. It investigated the factors affecting the implementation of early childhood care and primary education curriculum. These were with a view to providing information on the assessment of the implementation of the minimum standard of early childhood care and primary education curriculum in Ondo State. The study adopted the survey research design. The population consisted of all Early Childhood Care and Primary Education learners, care-givers/teachers, head teachers and supervising officers in the ministry of education in the three senatorial districts in Ondo State. The sample which comprised of Head-teachers, Teachers and Supervising Officer in the Ministry of Education was selected using multistage sampling technique. Data were collected using four instruments, namely: Adequacy of Minimum Standards Checklist (AMSC); Teachers’ Qualifications and Quality Assurance Questionnaire (TQQAQ); Educational Recourses Questionnaire (ERQ); Factors Affecting Implementation of ECCPE Minimum Standards Questionnaire (FAIEMSQ), Data for this study were analysed using simple frequency, percentage and ranking. Results showed that the adequacy of the minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum is adequate in the study area. The dominant item “child protection materials” (3.72), seating arrangement (3.70) guidance and counseling unit (2.99). Result also showed that the level of implementation of minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum are encouraging. Results showed that the adequacy of educational resources of minimum standards in early childhood care and primary curriculum were adequate. Results showed that “trained teachers” (3.45), “teachers’ qualifications (3.34), “funding” (3.24), language of instruction (3.20), early childhood curriculum (3.07) were factors affecting the implementation of the minimum standards in early childhood care and lower primary curriculum. The conclusion drawn from this study is that the assessment of the implementation of the minimum standards of early childhood care and lower primary education curriculum are not given the same attention in the school system judging from the way the various centres and lower primary education curriculum are being implemented in the school programme.

 

 

ASSESSMENT OF SKILLS AND COMPETENCIES OFFERED BY BUILT ENVIRONMENT GRADUATES IN CONSTRUCTION FIRMS IN ABUJA

 

 

*UMAR, A. S., SHITTU, A. A AND ADAMU, I. I.

Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Minna.

 

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the skills and competencies offered by built-environment graduates in construction firms in Abuja with the view of bridging the gap between academic knowledge and professional practice. Data was collected from 159 construction companies listed in the Abuja business directory using structured questionnaires with a response rate of 91.8%. A random sampling technique was adopted for the study. The analysis of the data was carried out with the use of percentage and mean item score. The study identified 10 drivers of the development of skills and competencies for built environment graduates in the construction firms in Abuja, of which individual resources are the most significant. Findings from the study also revealed that financial difficulty and rapid technology advancement are the most significant barriers to the development of skills and competencies for built environment graduates, while verbal and written communication (basic skills) and entrepreneurial and managerial competencies are also significant barriers. It was, however, concluded that the skills and competencies of built-environment graduates in construction firms in Abuja can significantly bridge the gap between academic knowledge and professional practise and enhance their level of employability, provided certain strategies are effectively implemented. Major recommendations from the study were that academic institutions offering built environment courses should ensure that their curriculums are relevant with respect to industrial needs; graduates need to change their attitudes and personalities to be competitive; and the government must be committed to assisting with employability skills training.

 Keywords: Built Environment, Construction Firms, Competencies, Graduates, Skills.

 

 

DELAY IN LAND TITLE REGISTRATION AND COMMERCIAL REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT IN UYO

 

                                           

*MBOSOWO EBONG EKPO, PhD; NSE AKPAN BASSEY; & *UDUAK OKON JEREMIAH

*Department of Estate Management, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua, Uyo. Akwa Ibom State. **Department of Estate Management, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State.

 

ABSTRACT

Registration of title and real estate investment decision play a vital role in the physical and economic development of towns and cities all over the world. The aim of the study is to examine the impact of delay in land registration of title on commercial property investments among investors in Uyo, with a view to formulating the models for predicting the relationship between land registration and real estate investment decision. In order to achieve the stated aim, the following objectives were stated: to analyse the impacts of delay in the registration of land title on real estate investment decision in the study area, to determine the relationship between real estate investment decision and land title registration. Out of the 106 registered Estate Surveyors and Valuers practicing in Akwa Ibom State, eighty-seven (87) was reported to have carried out appraisal in the study area. Each of the 87 firms surveyed had about six (6) appraised investments in their portfolios, making the total number of appraised investments under study to be 522; thus, the sample size for this study was 522.  Simple random sampling technique was used to select the commercial properties for the data collection. It was found that the delay in the process of land title registration in the study area caused a total of 16% increase in construction cost, thereby bringing about 27.74% reduction in the developers’ profit when the sensitivity analysis was conducted. It was also found out that the rental value decreased by11% thereby bringing about 76.29% sensitivity indicator towards the net present value. Factor analysis was also employed in the analysis and results from the rotated component matrix showed that Factor_8, which asserted that there is strong relationship between delay in title registration of real estate and investment decision had the greatest loading factor. This implies that this research work is valid, from the inference drawn using a scientific tool. The research concluded that efforts should be put in place by the Government and other stakeholders to curb the delay in land title registration in Uyo.

 

Keywords: Commercial real estate, Land title, Registration, Real Estate Investment, Uyo.

 

 

QUALITY EVALUATION OF SOME LOCAL BEVERAGES (ZOBO DRINK, KUNUN ZAKI, KUNUN AYA AND TAMARIND JUICE) SOLD IN SABON GARI MARKET KANO STATE

 

 

MUSTAPHA YUSUF DAUDA1; VICTOR N. ENUJUIGHA2; SAGIRU DAUDA AHMAD3; AHMAD GAMBO4; & TENE DOGO CLEMENT MAMAN 5,

1,5Department of Food Technology, Federal Polytechnic Kaura Namoda, Zamfara, Nigeria. 2Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. 3Department of Primary Health Care Management Board, Ministry of Health, Kano, Nigeria. 4Department of Food Science and Technology, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

The objectives of the study were to evaluate the physicochemical properties, microbial load, anti-oxidant properties and anti-nutritional content of locally produced beverages (Zobo drinks, Kunun Zaki, Kunun Aya and Tamarind) sold within sabon Gari Market of Kano state Nigeria. The drinks were analysed for microbial load, Physico-chemical properties, anti-nutritional contents and anti-oxidant properties. Based on the pH results tamarind is high acid drink while Kunun zaki, Kunun aya and zobo are both low acid drinks. The titrable acidity of kunun zaki and tamarin drink is high compared to the other drinks.The microbial loads of all the drinks were high, which indicates possible recontamination or poor hygienic practices and or use of reused plastic bottles. The phytate content of zobo drinks was higher than that of Kunun zaki and kunun Aya and local Tamarind drinks having the lowest value. The oxalate and tannin content of the beverages ranged from 0.49 – 0.95mg/ml. and 0.22 – 1.07mg/ml respectively. The flavonoid and phenolic content was highest in zobo drink with a value of 0.44±0.00 mg/ml and 18.95±2.41 respectively. There was a significant difference (p ≥ 0.05) between the samples except the total phenol content of Kunun Zaki and Kunun Aya which shows no significant difference.

 

Keywords: Zobo, Kunun zaki, Kunun aya, Tamarind juice, Quality

 

 

ENTREPRENEURSHIP:  A MEANS TO POVERTY REDUCTION, AS A NEW DIRECTION AND UNCOMMON CHANGES IN SUB SAHARA AFRICAN

ENTREPRENEURSHIP UNCOMMON CHANGES A MEANS TO POVERTY REDUCTION, AS A NEW DIRECTION AND UNCOMMON CHANGES IN SUB SAHARA AFRICAN

 

 

*DR. MRS. JOHNSON – ITABITA, PATIENCE; & **AGUNUWA, EKOKOTU VINCENT (PhD)

*Department of Business Administration/Management, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe – Oghara. **Department of Banking & Finance, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe – Oghara

 

Abstract

The study examined entrepreneurship as a means to poverty reduction in sub Sahara Africa.  Entrepreneurship being a catalyst to increase economic growth, as well as reducing the level of unemployment is the bedrock of any nation. Poverty in African has been a major challenge to underdevelopment and lack of growth to her economy in Africa. The objective is to examine the relationship between Entrepreneurship and poverty reduction in Africa.  The population of the study is 3,117 undergraduate students of polytechnics and colleges of Education in Delta State. The sample size of 355 was determined using Taro Yamane’s statistical formula Simple random sampling procedure was used to select the respondents in each of the selected tertiary institutions  Bowley’s proportional allocation method was adopted to determine the allocation of questionnaire to each of the participated institutions. Data were collected through the use of the questionnaire. The questionnaire was structured on Likert five–point scale. Cronbach’s Alpha was used to test the reliability of the variables. The result gave a reliability coefficient of 0.919, indicating high degree of internal consistency of items in the questionnaire. The construct, content and face instrument validity was done by measurement and evaluation experts Pearson product moment correlation coefficient as the inferential statistic used for the data analysis. The acceptable probability level of significance was 0.05. It was discovered that embarking on individual businesses is the engine for development and economic growth in the sub-Saharan Africa.

 

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Unemployment, Random sampling, Correlation coefficient, Inferential statistics.

 

 

THE EFFECTS OF TRANSFORMATION IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC

 

 

FATIMA .A. UMAR

Early Childhood Care and Education Department, School of Early Childhood Care and Primary Education, Federal College of Education Yola, Adamawa State.

 

Abstract

Most regions of the world face one, two, or even more on-going threats ranging from weather/climate related storms, active assailant and bandits, gas explosion an dangerous chemical leakages, flooding plane and vehicle crashes to terrorism and covid-19 pandemic.  Cognizant of the irrefutable fact that disasters and all form of threats and emergencies strike to retard human progress, there is urgent need to interrogate especially at this time how and what we should educate our young ones and a reasonable others in the 21st century so that, they are adequately

 

 

RELATIONSHIP AMONG SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE, SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT AND SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN KWARA STATE, NIGERIA

 

 

*JAMIU, MAHMOOD SULEIMAN; **MUSTAPHA, I. ABDULLAHI Ph.D**; RALIYA, M. BELLO Ph.D; & **G.L. LIKKO Ph.D

*School of Education and General Studies, College of Arabic and Islamic Legal Studies, Ilorin, Ilorin. Kwara State, Nigeria. **Department of Educational Psychology and Counselling, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

 

ABSTRACT

This study examined the Relationship among Social Media Usage, Social Environment and School Adjustment among Undergraduate Students in Kwara State, Nigeria. The study was guided by four (4) objectives, four (4) research questions and four (4) null hypotheses. The descriptive statistics of percentage was used to present the demographic profiles, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions; while inferential statistics of Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) and Regression Analysis were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Demographic profiles of the 647 respondents in the study, 462 (71.4%) were males; while 185 (28.6%) were females. Means and Standard Deviation Scores of Facebook Usage and Social Dimension of School Adjustment (SDSA) of Undergraduate Students the mean score of Facebook usage is 10.08 with standard deviation of 3.372; while the mean score of social dimension of school adjustment is 10.61 with standard deviation of 3.280. Another finding of this study also revealed that The hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) statistic and Multiple Regression Analysis to determine the relationship between the independent variables and the dependent variable of the study Among Social Media Usage, Social Environment and School Adjustment among Undergraduate Students in Kwara State. The study concluded that there is positive relationship between facebook usage and social dimension of school adjustment among undergraduate students in Kwara State, Nigeria. The multiple regression analysis result revealed that there is statistically significant relationship among social media usage, social environment and school adjustment among undergraduate students in Kwara State, Nigeria. It was recommended among others that, University counsellors should help students to sustain the use of facebook positively, through guidance programmes of social media usage, in order to facilitate effective social and educational aspects of school adjustment among undergraduate students.  Also positive use of Whatsapp, through enlighten programmes on social media usage, so as to facilitate continuous positive social and educational school adjustment and counsellors should equip students with effective social skills training in order to sustain positive interactions with their colleagues and lecturers; thereby, contributing positively effective social and educational school adjustment among undergraduate students.

 

Keywords: Relationship, Social Media Usage, Social Environment, School Adjustment and Undergraduate Students.

 

 

FACTORS AFFECTING UTILIZATION OF MATERNAL HEALTHCARE SERVICES IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA.

 

 

MUDI HADIZA; & ZAINAB MUSA YAHAYA

Department of General Studies, AlikoDangote College of Nursing Sciences, PMB 0445, Bauchi state, Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

This study determined factors affecting the utilization of maternal health care services among women of reproductive age in Bauchi State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to select three sites within the metropolis using 348 respondents. Anderson health behavioural model was utilised as theoretical framework. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data generated and level of significance at 0.05. Findings revealed that majority of respondents were aware of the services rendered on maternal health care, also majority of respondents (95.7%) attend ANC. However, only few ever used family planning or delivered at the health facility. The findings also showed that majority of the respondents were of the opinion that affordability of antenatal services, religious acceptance and husband’s acceptance of the services rendered as the major factors influencing its utilization. Other factors included availability of the services, accessibility, lack of knowledge about some of the existing services, cultural acceptance, attitude of health workers and language barrier. A significant association exist between knowledge/awareness of respondents under study and their utilization of ANC services, delivery services and women utilization of delivery services with p<0.05 but there is no significant association between awareness and utilization of FP services at p<0.05.

 

Keywords: maternal health, healthcare, services, Bauchi state, Nigeria

 

 

RENEWABLE ENERGY INTEGRATION, A CATALYST FOR INDUSTRIALIZATION AND LIVELIHOOD IMPROVEMENT IN SUB- SAHARAN AFRICA

 

 

AMEN ANANIAS

Department of laboratory Science Technology, Federal polytechnic Bali.

 

Abstracts

Africa is growing rapidly in population, towns are becoming cities, the quest for reliable energy supply is on the rise. This energy is needed for economic development, industrial production, enhancement of research-based work in tertiary institutions, light to areas where access to electricity is scarce and provision of jobs for the unemployed. High demand for affordable and a reliable source of energy to meet the present energy need in sub-Saharan Africa has proven that oil, coal and natural gas as are insufficient. Sufficient energy needs are required through renewable energy integration. The aim of this article is to qualitatively analyze the importance of renewable energy integration to the existing grid, serving as a catalyst for industrialization and livelihood improvement in sub-Saharan Africa. Secondary data from the International Energy Agency report indicating the energy profile of selected countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, showing the power generating source for each country representing each of the regions in sub-Saharan Africa. Democratic republic of Congo is the country with the lowest access to electricity (10%). Improving the energy sector plays an important role in ensuring access to electricity, increasing productive economic activities and increasing the country’s export potentials. Lack of access to electricity is one of the key barriers to the development of Sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, the region needs extensive efforts to develop the energy sector, both on the part of individual countries and the region as a whole.

 

 

RESPONSE OF GROUNDNUT (Arachis hypogaea L.)  TO DIFFERENT FERTILIZER LEVELS AND SPACING PATTERNS IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA.

 

 

GAMBO, M1, HARUNA, Y1.CHIMDI, G., GAYA, B.H.,GAMBO, N1.,ISAH, Y2 AND IBRAHIM, Y3.

1Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. 2Bauchi State Ministry of Education. 3Department of Fisheries Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.

 

ABSTRACT

This research was conducted during the 2018 and 2019 rainy seasons. The objective was to find out the impact of phosphorus fertilizer and spacing patterns on the growth and yield of groundnut in the study area. Four levels of phosphorus fertilizer were used namely P1: 0kg P2O5 ha-1, P2: 30kg P2O5 ha-1, P3: 60kg P2O5 ha-1, and P4: 90kg P2O5 ha-1.Three spacing patterns were also used (S1: Spacing of 60cm x 20cm, S2: Spacing of 60cm x 25cm and S3: Spacing of 60cm x 30cm. This gave a 4×3 treatment combination and laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and replicated three time. The result obtained revealed that there was no significant difference in the various spacing patterns used except at 8 WAP. However, a significant difference was observed with the levels of phosphorus fertilizer. There was a marked difference on the growth and yield parameters being measured with 90kg P2O5 ha-1, recording higher values while the control had the lowest values. Based on the results of this research, it is recommended that farmers should adopt the use of 90kg/ha P2O5 and spacing of 20cm x 60cm  in the study area.

 

Key words: Response, Phosphorus fertilizer, Spacing, Groundnut

 

 

TECHNIQUES OF IMPROVING COMMUNICATION IN URBAN PUBLIC PARTICIPATION THROUGH COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY

 

 

1YAKUBU USMAN MOHAMMED; 2WAZIRI IBRAHIM HASSAN; & 1SIMON ELI

1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Environmental Science Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State– Nigeria. 2Department of Environmental Science, School of Environmental Science Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State– Nigeria.

 

 

ABSTRACT

Communication especially interactive communication is a major goal of public involvement. This paper discusses the ways of Enhancing Urban Public Participation via Computer Technology. It specifically discusses such issues as the importance of the network in urban participatory planning, computer technologies used in urban public participation, interactive video displays and kiosks, computer presentations and simulations, mapping through geographic information systems (GIS), plan or text mark-up software and remote sensing applications. The study concludes that Public participation has been a central tenet of planning discourse for many years, with each generation trying to improve access and interactivity to hard-to-reach people. The study recommends among others that the use of social media cannot be over emphasized in facilitating public participation due to its ability to engender greater numbers of participants.

 

Keywords: Computer Technology, Urban public participation, ICT, interactive communication

 

 

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE: HUMAN INTELLIGENCE VERSES MACHINE INTELLIGENCE

 

 

FATIMA MAIKUDI ABUBAKAR; SHITU ABDULLAHI LAME; & AHAJI ADAMU ABDULLAHI

Computer Science Department, Sch. Of Communication and Information Sciences, AD Rufai College of Education, Legal and General studies Misau, Bauchi State.

 

ABSTRACT

Artificial Intelligence(AI), the science of making smarter and intelligent human-like machines, has sparked an inevitable debate of Artificial Intelligence Vs Human Intelligence. AI has also penetrated many organizational processes resulting in a growing fear that smart machine will soon replace humans in decision making. Machine Learning(ML) and Deep Learning(DL) algorithms are built to make machines learn on themselves and make decisions just like we humans do. This paper revolves around the various fields of AI, the differences between Human and Machine intelligence and also pointed out some major trends of Artificial intelligence. 

 

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Neural Network, computer Vision, Turing Test  

 

 

CARCASS AND GUT CHARACTERISTICS OF BROILER CHICKENS FED DIETARY LEVELS OF KAURA SORGHUM AS REPLACEMENT FOR MAIZE WITH FULL FAT SOYA BEAN

 

 

1SANI, A. 2DOMA, U. D. 3GARBA, A.; & 1OYENIRAN, J. O.

1Department of Animal Health and production,Fed.Poly Bauchi. 2Department of Animal production, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology ATBU Bauchi 3Department of forestry Tech.Fed.Poly Bauchi.

 

ABSTRACT:

An experiment was conducted study the carcass and guts characteristics of broiler chickens fed dietary levels of Kaura sorghum as replacement for maize. Kaura sorghum replaced maize at 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 % in diets 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively. Two hundred and forty broiler chicks were randomly allotted to five diets with four replicates in a completely randomized design. Forty birds were slaughtered for carcass yield and guts analysis. Results indicated significant (P<0.001) difference on most of the carcass and gut parameters. It was concluded that Kaura sorghum can completely replace maize in broiler chickens diets without any negative effect on carcass yield and organ characteristics.

 

Keywords: Carcass, guts, Kaura, broiler, chicken

 

 

ISSUES ON GREEN BUILDING DESIGN IN NIGERIA AND ITS EFFECT.

 

 

ANYANWU IGNATIUS; B. U OFOEGBU; K.O OPARAUGO; DIOKA MARVISE; ALLWELL ANABA;  & UWAOMA BLESSING.

Department oof Urban and Regional Planning Abia State Polytechnic Aba, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

A ‘green’ building is a building that, in its design, construction or operation, reduces or eliminates negative impacts, and can create positive impacts, on our climate and natural environment. Green  Building design  is  a  concept  developed  to  encourage  sustainable  development. A ‘greenbuilding is a building that, in its design, construction or operation, reduces or eliminates negative impacts, and can create positive impacts, on our climate and natural environment. Green buildings preserve precious natural resources and improve our quality of life. It  brings transformation to design and construction in both developed and developing economy. The study is to bring to limelight green buildings and design, the Nigerian perspective, its benefit and the linkage of traditional architecture to green architecture. It also identify, examine and assess the effects of design and factors that are hindering green  building developments in the Nigeria’s Built Environment. This analyses the nature of design and construction in Nigeria on the basis of green and sustainable practice through review of existing literature. The paper concludes that the concept of green building will affect the  nature  of  architecture  and  design  which depends  on  the choice  of materials,  the  construction  techniques,  the  calculated  cost  of  construction  and  the  climatic conditions in Nigeria. It posits that the developmental concept of green building in Nigeria will encourage sustainable development and environmental protection.

 

Keywords:  Architecture, Building, Built  Environment,  Green  buildings,  Sustainable  Building  material,  Traditional, sustainability.

 

CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

 

 

  1. S. A. MAGAJI, DR. J. O. EGBEBI; & Mr YAKUBU CHISOM

Department of Administration and Planning, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

 

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to assess climatic change on the administration of the UBE programme in Enugu state, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to ascertain the effect of erratic rainfall in the administration of UBE programme in Enugu state and to determine the effect of drought in the administration of UBE programme in Enugu state. Research questions and hypothesis were in line with the objectives. The research approach adopted is descriptive survey research design. Population of the study is 3,652 comprised 2, 728 classroom teachers, 154 principals and 770 ESUBEB. Krejcie and Morgan was used to determine the sample size of 351 respondents’ which comprises of 262 teachers, 15 principals, and 74 ESUBEB officials, the sampled schools were purposively selected from junior secondary schools in Enugu state. 40- Item questionnaires were administered to the 351 respondents. Cronbach apha technique was used for its analysis in the determination of the internal consistency of the instrument, the Split Half method was observed; the overall reliability value of 0.944 was obtained. The major findings prove that climatic factors such as erratic rainfall and drought militate against the administration of the UBE programme in Enugu state, the fact that Erratic rainfall and drought affects the lives of both plants and animals leading to poor health of administrators of UBE programme and affects the infrastructural facilities and equipment in school. Based on the findings, the researcher recommended that the government and other agencies should make provisions and assist those with poor health. They should also organize public campaign against throwing refuse materials indiscriminately which block water-ways, seminars, workshops and conferences to create awareness in the minds of the people about this global issue and as well device means to help teachers, principals, parents, school children on how to adapt to the situation.

 

Keywords: Climate, Climate Change, Administration, erratic rainfall, drought

 

 

EMERGING APPLICATIONS OF DEEP EUTECTIC SOLVENTS IN APPLIED SCIENCES; A REVIEW

 

 

OGUCHE JOHN ENEMONA1; EMENIRU DANIEL. C 1,2; SORGBARA FRANKLIN LEKARA3; AMEH ALEWO OPUADA1; & ADUBAZI MOMOHJIMOH ONIMISI4

1Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna State 2Chemical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic of Oil and Gas Ekowe, Bayelsa State 3Mechanical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic of Oil and Gas Ekowe, Bayelsa State 4Science Lab. Technology, Federal Polytechnic of Oil and Gas Ekowe, Bayelsa State

 

Abstract:

Recently, deep eutectic solvent (DES); being as novel and green solvent has attracted increasing interest in different areas of sciences, engineering, and medicine due to its excellent physicochemical and thermal properties. The formulation and classification of DES is dependent solely on the hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA) and hydrogen bond donor (HBD) components and their proportions. Its superiority to ionic liquids (ILs) encompasses the cheap and available starting/raw materials, and the ease of formulation and storage. DESs has gained a very wide distribution and application in various researches and industrial processes; the widest distribution being its application in synthesis. Its uses span as solvent for laboratory and industrial pretreatment, extraction, separation and purification of both inorganic metallic components and organic compounds. Though they possess core characteristics that are similar to those of ILs, DESs has been pronounced as capacity options attributive to its physicochemical properties. Notwithstanding the innumerable uses and application of DESs, their chemical, biological and physical characteristics have not been completely investigated. Despite the benefits the solvent has limitations of corrosion, high viscosity, mixture instability and lack of physicochemical information. This review seeks to provide a brief introduction to DES while highlighting some latent potentials and limitations of the novel solvent in the various fields of application.

 

Keywords: Deep eutectic solvents, Formulation, Classification, Applications, Limitations

 

 

BUSINESS ETHICS AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR SUCCESFUL MODERN BUSINESS OPERATIONS

 

 

ANGO NUHU ALIYU (PhD) 

Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Lapai, Niger State, Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

The concepts of ethical behavior and corporate social responsibility have come to the fore in recent years in both developed and developing countries as a result of growing sense of corporate wrongdoing. These two concepts can bring significant benefits to a business. The idea that business enterprises have some responsibilities to society beyond that of making profits for shareholders has been around for centuries. The paper addresses the concepts of business ethics and corporate social responsibility. From the perspectives of MBA students and managers, it came out that business ethics and social responsibility are very important for organizational growth and success. Specifically, they consider business ethics to lead to positive employee, customer and community relations. Not only that but also, they perceive that better public image/reputation; greater customer loyalty; strong and healthier community relations can inure to the benefit of corporations that are socially responsible. Implications of the findings are finally drawn.

 

Keywords: Business Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility, and Business Success.

 

 

ASSESSMENT OF CONSTRUCTION FIRMS PRACTICE TOWARD SITE ACCIDENT REPORTING IN ABUJA

 

 

HASSAN, A. N.; MOHAMMED, Y. D.; SHITTU, A. A.; & ADAMU, I.I.

Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Minna.

 

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at assessing the practice of construction firms toward site accident reporting in Abuja. The study adopted a survey design approach using quantitative data with the aid of questionnaire as a means of data collection from 255 construction firms registered with Abuja Business Directory. Criteria were set for the construction firms assortment out of which 90 construction firms were selected by the use of snowball sampling technique in accordance to the set criteria. Relative Important Index (RII) was use to analyse the data collected. Findings from the study revealed that lack of safety commitment by management, no feedback, lack of any health and safety regulatory body, lack of time and lack of experience are the major factors that have high influence on the practice of site accident reporting. In addition to the study findings, it was revealed that the roles government play in ensuring that the construction firms report all injuries and deaths to the occupation health and safety office and ensuring that any construction firm who commits an offence against the provision of the regulation shall be liable to pay a fine or be imprisoned for a term were considered to be low. It was concluded that increasing awareness of health and safety in relation to site accident reporting will lead to reduction of under-reporting of accident on site as well as improving the safety performance of workers on site. It was recommended that government should set up a safety and health committee to inspect workplace after the occurrence of an accident and ensure that regulations regarding such should be enforced as well as ensuring that construction firms report accident to the set committee.

 

Keywords: Under-reporting, site accidents, construction firms’ practices, health and safety, roles of government.

 

 

EVALUATING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF GREEN CONSTRUCTION (GC) WITHIN KADUNA METROPOLIS IN NIGERIA

 

 

ISA SANI MOHAMMED1; ANAS MUHAMMAD2; SAMINU A3; & SANI YUSUF4

1&3Department of Civil Engineering, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna State, Nigeria. 2Department of Quantity Surveying, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

The increasing urbanization is coupled with some problems such as; loss of arable land, material and water crisis, and serious environmental problems like air pollution, noise pollution and waste generated from buildings. Perhaps, this could be as a result of some activities of the construction industry. Despite all these glaring challenges and drastic measures, Green Construction developments and sustainable practices are embraced very slowly and practiced at slow pace in developed and developing cities. This development is worrisome and may be as a result of some factors and barriers affecting the sustainable practices within the built environment. GC reduces or eliminates negative impacts of construction activities on the environment, and can create positive impacts on our climate and natural environment. This study evaluates the implementation of GC in Kaduna metropolis based on the following objectives: the identification of concepts and principles of GC; determination of the barriers hindering the implementation of GC in Kaduna metropolis; and determination of the drivers enhancing the implementation of GC. A total of 1,067 questionnaires were administered to consultants, contractors, clients/end-users and staff of development agencies out of which 486 questionnaires were returned representing 45.55% valid response rate. Subsequently, they were analysed using descriptive statistics. It was established that the barriers of GC can be overcome by changing the thinking of stakeholders of the CI from cost to value, and from short-term to long-term. A way forward to an effective implementation of GC requires a multifaced collaboration among the key stakeholders of the CI by focusing on drivers that will drive its utilisation.

 

Keywords: Green Construction (GC), Drivers of GC, Barriers of GC, Implementation of GC, Construction Industry.

                                                

 

EXAMINE RECORDS MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AS CORRELATE FOR EFFECTIVE INFORMATION SERVICE DELIVERY AND UTILISATION IN CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION IN NIGER STATE

 

 

MAHMUD, ABDULMALIK ABUBAKAR1 AND PROF. PHILIP U. AKOR2

Library and Information Technology Dept., Federal University of Technology, Minna

 

Abstract:

This paper assessed the records management practices as a correlate for effective information service delivery and utilisation in civil service commission in Niger State. The study was guided by five objectives and five corresponding research questions. Survey research design method was adopted for the study. The total population for the study was fifty-four (54) administrative staff in Civil Service Commission in Niger State. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Out of fifty-four (54) copies of questionnaire administered. Descriptive statistical tool involving frequency counts and percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data. The findings of the study revealed that the civil service commission adopts policies and procedures for creating and storing records both in print and electronic format. Similarly, administrative staff agreed that efficient access and utilisation of government record is achieved through proper record management. The study revealed further that factors such as improper record management, lack of proper security of records, lack of professionally trained record managers, inadequate resources to facilitate proper record management practice and insufficient space for record management were seen as challenges associated with record management in the civil service commission

 

 

SIGNIFICANT OF SPORTS PROGRAMME ON THE EMPOWERMENT OF YOUTHS

 

 

1DR. SANI MUKTAR BICHI; 2EMMANUEL OBIAGBA

Human Kinetics and Health Education Department, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

 

Abstract

The lack of continuous development and proper investment in sport especially that which is targeted at the physical and psychological development of youth have been the bane of youth under development with the attendant consequence of deviant nature, engagement in crime and eroding of socio-cultural and economic contributions to social development. Sports has a special attraction to young people as it offers opportunity for fun, play and physical challenges and the development of youth oriented programmes in sport is fundamental towards promoting the sporting culture amongst young people in Nigeria. The extent to which this could be said to be applicable in our society and how it has impacted the lives of the youths. Furthermore, the extend significant of their engagement in sports programmes could also improve their health status, mortality rate and alleviate their poverty status in the community as sports industry can create opportunity for employment thus making youth productive members in the society. Conclusion and recommendations were made on the way forward that, the agencies such as state sports councils, sports clubs and federation have direct responsible for youth development and should embark on periodic sensitizations, and enlightenment programme among youths on the merit of participation in sporting activities.

 

Keywords: Sports, Youth, Empowerment.

 

 

COMPUTER SELF-EFFICACY AND INFORMATION SEARCHING SKILLS ON THE USE OF ONLINE DATABASES FOR RESEARCH OUTPUT OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITIES IN SOUTH-WEST, NIGERIA.

 

 

KAREEM, ABDULRAHEEM ONIVEHU 1; & DR. A. O. AHMED2

Library and Information Technology Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna.

 

Abstract:

This paper assessed Computer Self-Efficacy and Information Searching Skills on the Use of Online Databases for Research Output of Postgraduate Students in Universities in South-West, Nigeria. The study was guided by two objectives and two corresponding research questions. Survey research design method was adopted. The total population for the study was 28,454 postgraduate students in the universities studied. The sample size of the population was 752 drawn from Krejcie and Morgan (1970) sample size table for determining the sample size of a population. Questionnaire was the only instrument used for data collection. Out of 752 copies of questionnaire administered, 683 copies were filled, returned and used for the analysis. Descriptive statistical tool involving frequency counts and percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data. The findings of the study indicated that postgraduate students can access online databases from the university website, agreed with all the factors affecting computer self-efficacy and information searching skills on the use of online databases among postgraduate students with the exception of familiarity with task demand, expertness and credibility. The study recommended among others that postgraduate students should be exposed to more sensitisation and training through seminar, symposium, and workshop which will impart knowledge and skills in accessing EIRs through the use of proper keywords, information retrieval methods and technicality of various online databases available, challenges faced by the postgraduate students particularly in the area of epileptic and erratic power supply should be addressed such as the use of a standby generator, inverter or solar energy system.

 

Keywords: Computer self-efficacy, Information searching skills, Postgraduate students, Research output.

 

 

SOCIAL MEDIA INFLUENCE AND THE ENDSARS PROTESTS

 

 

ADEKUNLE AJISEBIYAWO, PhD

Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Igbinedion University Okada.

 

Abstract

This paper examines the “#EndSARS” protest movement and the role played by use of social media sites such as Facebook and twitter for coordination and mass. The #EndSars protest is led purely by youths, fuelled by social media, and organized without a formal leadership structure. In the previous years of the political history of Nigeria, the ongoing protests are the sort of environment that would have inspired a military coup. The #5for5 demands of the #EndSars protest resulted in an immediate concession from the government, however the implementation of their demands remains to be seen. The style of the #EndSars protest may inspire copycat youth-led, social media-fuelled, and leaderless protests across West Africa, ushering in a new type of protests in the region. The paper concluded that with the increasing use and spread of the internet in the country the platform of social media will increasingly be used to put pressure on government to address more public issues.

 

Keywords: Protest, #EndSARS, Social Media, Nigeria, Activism, Youth, Information

 

 

IMPACT OF MOTIVATION TECHNIQUES ON THE PERFORMANCE OF WORKERS CONSTRUCTION IN FIRMS ABUJA

 

 

*ABDULLAHI, M., SHITTU, A. A AND ADAMU, I. I.

Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Minna.

 

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the impact of motivation techniques on the performance of construction workers in Abuja construction firms with a view to improving the performance of workers. Data was collected from 155 construction companies listed in the Abuja business directory using a structured questionnaire with a response rate of 95.48%. A simple random sampling technique was adopted for the study. Analysis of the data was undertaken using the Mean Index Score (MIS). Findings from the identified eleven (11) motivational techniques enhance the performance of construction workers in Abuja, of which monetary incentives (MIS = 4.90) are the most effective. Findings from the study also revealed that low wages of construction workers (MIS = 4.70) are the most significant cause of the low performance of construction workers in construction projects. It was, however, concluded that the impact of motivation techniques on the performance of workers in construction firms in Abuja is significant. The major recommendation from the study was that construction firms should pay more attention to the implementation of training, job satisfaction, work conditions, recognition, job transfer, achievement, and social opportunities in order to improve the performance of construction workers.

 

Keywords: Construction Workers, Impact, Motivation Techniques, Performance.

 

 

STABILITY ANALYSIS OF 3-POINT DIAGONALY IMPLICIT SUPER CLASS OF BLOCK BACKWARD DIFFERENTIATION FORMULA FOR SOLVING STIFF INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS (IVPs)

 

 

1HAMISU MUSA; 2BALA NAJAMUDDEEN; & 3KAMALUDDEEN UMAR DANMALAM

1Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University Katsina. 2.3Department of Statistics Federal Polytechnnic Kaura Namoda, Zamfara State.

 

Abstract:

In this research work, a Stability of the new numerical method that computes 3-points simultaneously at each step of integration is analyzed, where both zero stability and A-stability are discussed, which is the sufficient condition for any numerical method to have practical significance in solving Stiff Initial value problems. The method is developed by introducing diagonalisation in an existing fifth order implicit block method for solving first order stiff ordinary differential equations (3SBBDF).

 

Keywords: Diagonally implicit block method, stiff, order, zero stability, block backward differentiation formula, A–Stability.

 

 

GEOLOGICAL AND ENGINEERING EVALUATION OF GRAVEL DEPOSITS AROUND AMOYO AREA, KWARA STATE

 

 

*OBARO R.I; & **OBARO N.T

*Department of Minerals and Petroleum Resources Engineering Technology, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin. **Department of Social Sciences, University of Ilorin.

 

Abstract

Evaluation of petrological characteristics and engineering analyses of gravel deposits were carried out around Amoyo area Kwara state to assess its suitability as construction materials. The petrological characteristics were done out through visual inspection and measurement of the particles axes. Representative samples were subjected engineering analyses such as Specific Gravity, Water Absorption Value, Aggregate Abrasion Value, Aggregate crushing Value and Aggregate Impact Value. Petrology characteristics of the aggregates (particle shape and size) revealed that the gravel deposit consists of particles ranging from clay to boulders which are essentially poorly sorted with variable mixtures of pebbles, cobbles and boulders. The engineering analyses carried out suggests that Specific Gravity of gravel aggregates ranges from 2.58 to 2.63 with an average of 2.60, Water Absorption Value ranges from 1.66% to 1.98% with an average of 1.80%.Aggregate Abrasion Value ranges from 27.20% to 38.91% with an average of 31.74%. Aggregate Crushing Value and Aggregate Impact Value ranges from 26.30% to 30.10% with an average of 28.70% and aggregate impact value falls within 26.65% and 28.70% with an average of 27.55% The results of petrological study and engineering analysis revealed that all the rocks favourable conform with standards used for construction purpose but can also be suitable with good workability for road, concrete and filter aggregates.

 

Keywords: Geological, Engineering, Gravel, Aggregates, Construction

 

 

CLAIM PAYMENT AND PATRONGAE OF INSURANCE PRODUCTS IN NIGERIA

 

 

*AGUNUWA EKOKOTU VINCENT (Ph.D); & **JOHNSON-ITABITA PATIENCE (Ph.D)

*Department of Banking and Finance, School of Business Studies, Delta State Polytechinc, Otefe Oghara. **Department of Business Administration/ Managemnt, School of Business Studies, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe Oghara

 

Abstract

The focus of this study is on the effect of claim payment on patronage of insurance products in Nigeria. The purpose is to determine whether the level of claim payment by insurance companies has any effect on patronage of insurance products in Nigeria. The study made use of data on claim payments and premium paid to insurance companies by insured as a proxy for insurance patronage in Nigeria. The data which covered the period of 1995 to 2020, where on claim payment and insurance premium paid for aviation insurance, motor insurance, home insurance, and marine insurance in Nigeria for the period under review. The study made use of descriptive statistics and correlation matrix in an attempt to identify possible problem of multicollinearity in the model, after which the ordinary least square (OLS) technique was used to test the hypotheses. Findings show that premium paid on aviation, home, motor and marine insurance impacted positive on claim payment for the period under review in Nigeria. On the basis of the above result, the study recommends amongst others that the government should put in place programmes to encourage people to patronize insurance products as this will be of great benefit to the insureds, the society and insurance companies in Nigeria.

 

Keywords: Claim payment, Insurance premium, Insured, Insurer, Descriptive statistics.

 

 

 

QUALITY EVALUATION OF SELECTED NIGERIAN STREET–HAWKED BEVERAGES (ZOBO DRINK, KUNUN ZAKI, KUNUN AYA AND TAMARIND JUICE) SOLD IN SABON GARI MARKET KANO STATE. NIGERIA.

 

 

MUSTAPHA YUSUF DAUDA1 VICTOR N. ENUJIUGHA2,SAGIRU DAUDA AHMAD3, AHMAD GAMBO4AND TENE DOGO CLEMENT MAMAN 5,

1,5Department of Food Technology, Federal Polytechnic KauraNamoda, Zamfara, Nigeria. 2Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. 3Department of Primary Health Care Management Board, Ministry of Health, Kano, Nigeria. 4Department of Food Science and Technology, BayeroUniversity Kano, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate the physicochemical properties, microbial load, anti-oxidant properties and anti-nutritional content of locally produced beverages (Zobo drink, KununZaki, KununAya and Tamarind)sold within sabon Gari Market of Kano state Nigeria. The drinks were analysed for microbial (Total viable count, fungal and coliform counts), Physico-chemical (pH, totattitrable acidity, Brix and turbidity) anti-nutritional (Phtate, oxalate and tannin) and anti-oxidant(flavonoid and phenol.) Based on the pH results tamarind is high acid drink while Kununzaki, Kununaya and zobo are both low acid drinks.The titrable acidity of kununzaki and tamarin drink is high compared to that of Zobo and kununaya. The total plate count, fungal count and coliform count are both high which indicates possible recontamination or poor hygienic practices and or use of reused plastic bottles. The phytate content of zobo drinks was higher than that of Kununzaki and kununAya and local Tamarind drinks having the lowest value.The oxalate content of all the beverages is low which ranged from 0.49 – 0.95mg/ml. The tannin content of all the samples ranged from 0.22 – 1.07mg/ml. with Zobo having the highest value. The flavonoid and phenolic content was highest in zobo drink with a value of 0.44±0.00 mg/ml and 18.95±2.41 respectively.There was a significant difference (p ≥ 0.05) between the samples except the total phenol content of Kunun Zaki and Kunun Aya which shows no significant difference.

 

Keywords: Microbial quality, Physiochemical properties, antinutrients, local beverages anti-oxidant properties

 

 

SYNTHESES, CHARACTERIZATION AND DETERMINATION OF ANTI-MICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF SCHIFF BASE DERIVED FROM ETHYLENEDIAMMINE AND 2-HYDROXY-1-NAPHTHALDEHYDE AND ITS COMPLEXES WITH COBALT (II) AND NIKEL (II) METAL IONS.

 

 

BULUS, CALEB LARAPS; DAUDA, ABUBAKAR YAKUBU; AND ELISHA, VICTOR ZUYA.

Department of Science Laboratory Technology (SLT), the Federal Polythecnic Bauchi.

 

ABSTRACT

The Schiff base 1- {(E) – [2- {(2-hydroxynaphthalene-1-yl) methylidene] amino} ethyl} naphthalene-2-ol was derived from ethylenediamine and 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde and its complexes with nickel(II) and cobalt(II). The UV-Visible result showed molar absorptivity above 1000 Lmol-1cm-1 (π~π٭) in the complexes, the FT-IR result showed absorption about 1600 nm (N=C) in all. The ligand and the complexes were screen for anti-microbial activity and the cobalt (II) complex was found to inhibit growth in  B. subtilis, S. aureus, E. coli, S. sp and P. auruginosa in that order, with minimum inhibition concentration in B. subtilis at 20 µg/ml which is comparable to standard drugs while 500 µg/ml in the others which is too high. The nickel (II) and the Schiff base ligand only have growth inhibition against B. subtilis, E. coli, and S. sp with minimum inhibition concentration at 500 µg/ml which is too high compared to standard drug values.

 

 

PSYCHOSOCIAL CORRELATES OF HIV STATUS DISCLOSURE AND ADHERENCE TO ANTIRETROVIRAL THERAPY AMONG PERSONS LIVING WITH HIV IN IBADAN METROPOLIS, OYO STATE, NIGERIA

 

 

ABDULKAREEM, MANSOOR OLAYINKA; & JAMIU, MAHMOOD SULEIMAN

School of Education and General Studies, College of Arabic and Islamic Legal, Studies, Ilorin, Ilorin. Kwara State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

HIV status disclosure and adherence to ART remain issues of concern to health related professional, most especially counselling psychologists in the field of STI/HIV/AIDS as many of the Persons living with HIV hardly adhere to ART and some of them are experiencing psychological related issues which are impeding their HIV positive status disclosure. This informed the direction of this study to examine psychosocial factors as correlates of HIV status disclosure and adherence to ART among Persons living with HIV in Ibadan metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey research design of correlational type and structured questionnaires were used to gather information. Multistage sampling procedure was adopted which involved the use of simple random sampling technique to select three (3) APIN/PEPFAR Clinics Ibadan metropolis and purposive sampling technique was used to select (150) Persons living with HIV from each of the selected clinics. The data collected were analysed using frequency count, Pearson Product moment correlation and Multiple Regression Statistical Tool, and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result revealed that self-concept (b=0.423; t = 4.324; p<0.05), stigmatization (b=-0.389; t = -3.762; p<0.05), depression (b=0.531; t = 4.341; p<0.05) and social support (b=0.618; t = 5.277; p<0.05) made significant independent contribution to HIV status disclosure among Persons living with HIV. The result also indicated that psychosocial factors (self-concept, depression, stigmatization and social support) had significant joint contribution to HIV status disclosure among Persons living with HIV (F(4,140)= 9.012; p<0.05). It was recommended that counselling psychologists and health related professionals should take cognisance of self-concept, depression, stigmatization and social support in the development of any intervention to improve adherence to ART and help people living with HIV through disclosure.

 

Keywords: Psychosocial, Disclosure, Adherence, HIV, Correlates and Antiretroviral Therapy

 

 

EFFECT OF COMPUTER BASED SIMULATIONS TEACHING APPROACH ON ACQUISITION OF SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS BY UPPER BASIC STUDENTS IN SOUTHERN TARABA STATE SENATORIAL DISTRICT

 

 

*CHRISTINA TANKO AUDU; & **DAVID IYAM LIGA

*College of Education Zing, Taraba State. **University of Agriculture Makurdi Demonstration Secondary School.

 

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of computer based simulations teaching approach on acquisition of science process skills by Upper Basic students in southern Taraba State senatorial district. The study was guided by two objectives, two research questions and two hypotheses. Quasi-experimental research design was adopted. The population of this study was 8,342 Upper Basic III students in Southern Taraba State. A sample of 46 Upper Basic III students selected using multiple stage sampling technique. Data were collected using Science Process Skill Acquisition Test (SPSAT). Data collected were analysed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions. Analysis of Covariance was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 significance level. The findings revealed that there is a significant difference between the mean acquisition of science process skills scores by Upper Basic students taught using computer based simulation approach and those taught using expository method in favour of the computer based simulation approach. Finding also indicated that there is no significant difference between the mean acquisition of science process skills scores of male and female Upper Basic students taught using computer based simulation approach. Science teachers should employ the use of computer simulation approach which enhances acquisition of science process skills by students.

 

 

DESIGN, INSTALLATION AND TESTING OF SOLAR POWER BASED MICRO OFF-GRID SYSTEM FOR HOUSEHOLD ENERGY NEED DURING RAINY SEASON

 

 

 

1LATEEF OLASHILE AFOLABI, 2FREDERICK OJIEMHENDE EHIAGWINA, 3OLUFEMI OLUSEYE KEHINDE, 4IKEOLA SUHURAT OLATINWO,

1,2,3Electrical/Electronic Engineering Department, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria. 4Department of Computer Science, the Federal Polytechnic Offa, Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Due to unstable power within Nigeria, there is a need to provide alternative but renewable means of energy supply. Among all the renewable sources, solar power has proven to be more sufficient and renewable for Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria (lat, 8.1393° and long, 4.7174°), even during the rainy season. We designed and installed a 500 W solar power system consisting of a battery, solar panel with charger controller and an inverter. The step in the design of the solar power system includes determining the household type and the daily energy demand, selection of PV modules and selection of an inverter. The number of the solar panel is determined by the battery size, solar radiation and sunshine hours of the site. The inverter rating was estimated at 500W, solar panel size was 350 W, monochromic panel and the battery size was two 200 AH. Due to cost constrain, a 100 W PV module was used to test the performance using one 100AH 12V Gel battery with 100% and 25% full load rating. Given the rainy season, there was insufficient radiation resulting in the PV voltage output being <10V. When the system was loaded 100% the system lasted for 4hours and when the load was 25%, it lasted for the whole night from 6:00 PM to 8:00 AM when the battery is fully charged.

 

Keyword: Inverter, battery, PV modules, solar panel, solar radiation

PROPER NUTRITION AND SPORTS PERFORMANCE OF ATHLETES IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA.

 

 

ARIYO AYODELE OLUWAKAYODE (Ph.D)

Department of Physical and Health Education, School of Science, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

Nutrition plays an important role in sports performance and health status of athletes. Hence, the ensuing paper investigated proper nutrition and sport performance of athletes in Ondo state Nigeria. Three hundred (300) respondents were selected who took part in the study. A self-developed questionnaire of 4-points likert type rating scale with reliability coefficient of 0.84 was used to collect data from 300 athletes selected through a multi-stage sampling technique. The data for the study were collected using inferential statistic of frequency count and simple percentage to analyze the data collected on the demographic characteristics of the respondents while descriptive statistics of Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test was conducted to test the hypothesis formulated in the study at 0.05 alpha level of significance. Six hypotheses were formulated in which two of the hypothesis tested showed that there is no significant relationship between proper nutrition and sports performance of athletes. Recommendations were stated in the study and in conclusion, the study revealed that proper nutrition is pivotal to good health status of athletes and sports performance.

 

Keywords: nutrition, performance, balanced diet, nutritional intake, healthy diet

 

 

EFFECT OF INCESSANT STRIKE ON NIGERIAN EDUCATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR UNIVERSITY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA.

 

 

ALEXANDER YOHANNA; & AUDU DIGGAH

Department of Special Needs Education, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya

 

Abstract

The study was carried out on the Effect of Incessant Industrial Strike on Nigerian Education: Implications for University Education in Nigeria. The aim of the paper was to determine the effect of incessant through on the adequacy of years students are supposed to spend receiving lectures in the university before graduation. The design of the study was triangulation design and the scope of the covers incessant strike embarked by the Academic Staff union of Universities (ASUU) in Nigeria from 1999 to 2020.  As source of data, the researcher used the data on the number of strikes Universities embarked on and how long each lasted. Simple percentage was used to analyse the data and the result reveals that about 17% of the entire calendar has constantly been used to train the students but is lost to strike. Conclusion was therefore, made that Nigeria University students are hare half-baked with strike action responsible for 17% of the problem. One that background, recommendation was made that government should avoid any action that would lead Asuu to go strike and Asuu should find an alternative means of settling their disputes with government other than industrial strike.

 

Keywords: Strike, Industrial Strike, University, University Education

 

 

TARIFFS AND GROWTH PROSPECT IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES

 

 

USMAN ALHAJI. USMAN

Department of Economics, Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Lapai, Niger State. Nigeria.

 

Abstract

The debate that growth in African countries have not been stable and in some instance declining in recent times have generated concern among the academic scholars and policy makers across the globe. Growth is volatile and a function of policy and macroeconomic indicators. This study investigate the effect of simple tariff average on GDP using heterogeneous panel data covering thirty eight (38) African countries for the period 2010 to 2020. The study used the random effect regression having supported by the Hasuman specification test. Thus, the robust options and time varying effect options are also applied to the model which will show the robustness of the model and variations in the coefficients and standard errors as well. The result of the study revealed that MFN Simple Average tariff rate has a negative sign indicating that Simple Average tariff rate has the tendency of lowering GDP growth rate in the region. The result also shows that real exchange rate and government stability have a negative effect on GDP. Conversely, the coefficients population growth, corruption and investment profile posit a positive effect on GDP. No doubt, there have been limited outcomes in the trade policy blue print which reduce GDP growth. More so, African countries may not have embraced the concessions or implement fully the tariff line level.  Thus this has the tendency of lowering GDP growth rate far less than the estimated or projected values and that of the emerging and developed countries. Corruption having a positive sign does not reduce growth. However, it will require proper and well equipped institutions with efficient legal framework to reduce its tendency to discourage foreign confidences. However, it is also possible that the growth in investment profile shows the extent to which African countries have improved their rate investment especially domestically and abroad.

Keywords: MFN, tariffs and economic growth

 

 

ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF INFORMAL SOLID WASTE RECYCLING ACTIVITIES IN MINNA, NIGER STATE

 

 

HAJARA IDRIS ALKALI; & PROFESSOR JEHOSAPHET J. DUKIYA

 

Abstract

This study seeks to assess the negative impact informal recycling has on the environment. The objective is to determine the contamination level of heavy metals concentration in the major informal recycling centres in Minna. This was done by carrying out laboratory test of soil samples of the areas, the results of the soil analysis was compared to standards set by NESREA/WHO, descriptive statistics was used to present the results obtained. The highest pollution level for each of the heavy metals assessed are as follows; the results are in mg/kg; Pb= 9.24, Cd= 15.30, Cu= 33.34 and Zn= 72.48. all the heavy metals exceeded the WHO permissible limit (Pb0.01-1.0/kg, Cd 1.3/kg Cu 36/kg, Zn 50/kg)s. In conclusion primitive techniques employed by informal recyclers releases harmful substances into the environment and affect environmental and human health. The study recommends educating recyclers on the use of personal protective equipment to limit the limit exposure level and also sustainable recycling methods should be adopted.

 

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