University of Ibadan Conference, Oyo State, Nigeria


THEME

REVEALING SUB-SAHARA AFRICA POTENTIAL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY: A MULTI-DISCIPLINARY APPROACH

DATE:

MAY 5, 2016

 

VENUE:

UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN, CONFERENCE CENTRE, U.I. IBADAN, OYO STATE, NIGERIA

 

PAPERS

FORECASTING SHARES TRADING SIGNALS WITH FINITE STATE MACHINE VARIANT

 

*ISMAILA W.OLADIMEJI. **ISMAILA FOLASADE. M.

Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria **Department of Computer Science, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree,  Nigeria

 

01

Abstract

Shares or Stocks trading has been developed for over twenty years, and has gone deeply into all aspects of daily economic life and attracted more and more investors’ attentions. Therefore, researches on finding internal rules and establishing an efficient stock forecast model to help investors minimize risks and maximize returns are very practical and amazing. Computer science plays vital role to solve this problem.  Different techniques are available for the prediction of stock market. Very popular some of these are Neural Network, Data Mining, Hidden Markov Model (HMM) And Neuro-Fuzzy system. From this Hidden Markov Model is the most leading machine learning techniques in stock market index prediction area.  This paper is aimed at modeling and predicting the stock market situations with the concept of a Hidden Markov Model. The stock market signals considered for the model are hold, buy and sell for weekly and monthly data analysis. The model is being trained and tested HMM variants, that is, Viterbi, Forward-Viterbi and Baum-Welsh algorithms. The performance evaluation of the three algorithms were compared and analysed. The results showed that Forward-Viterbi and Baum-Welsh gave good directional prediction and a very low misclassifications.

Keywords Stock market, Computer Science, Hidden Markov Model, Posterior-Viterbi, Baum-Welsh

 

 

AN ASSESSMENT OF BUILDING MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICE FOR ABUBAKAR TAFAWA BALEWA UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, BAUCHI

ALIYU AHMAD ALIYU1, SULE ALHAJI BELLO1, MARYAM SALIHU MUHAMMAD1, IBRAHIM MUSA SINGHRY1, AND MOHAMMED GIRGIRI BUKAR1

1Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, P.M.B. 0248, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria

02

Abstract

Public properties in Nigeria have suffered a long period of poor maintenance culture which makes the properties to become obsolete earlier than necessary and inhabitable when compare with private properties. This study was designed to investigate and examine the problems and prospects of maintenance practice in Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital Bauchi. A total of eighty six (86) respondents were randomly selected out of the total population of one hundred and ten (110) within the study area. The data were collected using questionnaires administered to the works and service department in the study area. The questions in the questionnaire, among others, probed the problems of maintenance practice, the role played by the maintenance department and the possible prospects derived from maintenance practice. Primary data collected were subjected to simple percentage distribution tables and statistical package for social science (SPSS) were used to analyze the data. The study revealed that misuse of the property by the users, normal wears and tears due to the constant usage of the property by the users as well as natural factors from unforeseen circumstances found to be among the major problems that causes the building defects in the hospital. The department works and service plays a vital role in ensuring that the property users do not misuse the property in the hospital. The study further revealed that proper maintenance of the hospital building provides habitable and healthy environment for patients’ quick recovery in which it is the main purpose to which the hospital was established. The study recommends that maintenance staff and users of the hospital buildings should be given opportunities for further training on their jobs as well as on effective use of hospital facilities. This is necessary to reduce the occurrence of defects, which will consequently bring about better physical and functional hospital building elements and services.

Keywords: Public Building Maintenance, Maintenance Problem, Maintenance Prospect, Property Maintenance and Property Management,

 

 

A SURVEY OF ACADEMIC DISHONESTY HAMPERING DISSEMINATION OF KNOWLEDGE  IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN YOLA METROPOLIS, ADAMAWA STATE NIGERIA

 HADIZA DAUDA 1 UMAR BOBBOI 2

Department of Business Management Education Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola Adamawa State Nigeria. 1 & 2

03

Abstract

Academic dishonesty is a prevailing problem that hampers effective dissemination of knowledge in secondary schools in Nigeria and was investigated in this study. It is an offence that is committed by students and teachers in a bid to achieve cheap academic success.  Academic misconduct impacts negatively on the mission of educational system, human capital development and societal values. This paper examines the students’ perception of academic dishonesty and frequency of their involvement. Fifty students each were randomly selected from a public, a missionary and Islamic-based secondary schools in Yola, Adamawa State Nigeria. Data obtained through questionnaire were subjected to independent sample tests and two-way ANOVA. There was neither statistically significant difference between male and female students, nor interaction between gender and school ownership in commitment of academic dishonesty. It is recommended that value re-orientation and deterring measures can significantly contribute to behavioural change by students and teachers

Keywords: Knowledge management, Academic dishonesty, Perception, Academic success

 

 

EFFECTIVE SITE SELECTION PLANNING AND RECREATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF UNITY (EAGLE SINO) PARK BAUCHI, NIGERIA

LUCAS, SHEHU NELSON MHATMAN

Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation North East Zonal Office, Bank Of Industry Building (Boi) Maiduguri Road P.O.Box 2117  Bauchi, Bauchi State Nigeria.

04

ABSTRACT.

This work focuses on effective site selection planning of Unity Park Bauchi as it relates to recreational development. Site selection planning has a great impact on recreational development because, aside from the general structure and aesthetics that it gives to an area, it provides recreationalists opportunity to explore greater and far reaching recreational activities devoid of any hindrance that hitherto could occur if site selection planning is void. A study of the Unity Park was carried out through structured questionnaires and field study with the onerous objective to provide comprehensive recommendations for an integrated recreational Park in Bauchi metropolis. Data were collected and analyzed with attempt to proffer workable recommendations thus; the need to revisit the landuse map (plan) of Bauchi to redress landuse distribution pattern; complete relocation of unity park from its present site to a compatible landuse zone; tolls be collected at the park as revolving for the general maintenance of the park amongst other recommendations were put forward to remedy the existing situation.

Keywords: Site, Landscape, Development, On-street Parking, Planning, Landuse plan and Location Plan.

 

 

IMPACT OF CRIME ON PROPERTY VALUES: LITERATURE SURVEY AND RESEARCH GAP IDENTIFICATION

 

 

ALIYU AHMAD ALIYU1, MARYAM SALIHU MUHAMMAD1, MOHAMMED GIRGIRI BUKAR1, AND IBRAHIM MUSA SINGHRY1

1Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, P.M.B. 0248, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria

05

ABSTRACT

Does a dramatic drop in crime lead to an increase in property values?  To date, the literature  on  how crime  influences  property  values  has  focused  solely  within  a  single metropolitan area and has been limited primarily to cross-sectional analysis. Current wisdom suggests that high or increasing crime levels make communities decline. Researchers usually translate decline to mean an increasing desire to move or higher actual mobility of residents; weaker attachments of residents to, and satisfaction with their neighbourhood; less local involvement; and lower house values. Empirical research confirms only some of this wisdom. Crime relates, as expected, to house prices, neighbourhood satisfaction, and desire to move. But research simultaneously suggests that crime neither spurs mobility nor necessarily decreases local involvement. Past research fails to differentiate the impact of specific crime rates and does not examine impacts of static versus changing crime rates. Even though crime is one of the most pressing concerns for home buyers in large cities, few papers have attempted to estimate the marginal willingness to pay to avoid crimes. International  literature,  heavily  based  on  North  American  and  British  evidence,  shows contradictory  or  less  conclusive  findings. Little empirical evidence exists in some part of the world like Nigeria. The novelty of this research could not be over emphasized. The literature findings revealed that a major drawback of these studies is that, although crime is undoubtedly endogenous in property value models, either because of simultaneity, omitted variables or measurement error, the majority of studies treat crime measures as exogenous independent variables. Of the limited number of studies that do address the endogeneity of crime, the effect of crime is generally identified using questionable instruments. This review contributes to a number of unique elements to the literature by exploring important gaps left unexplored by other authors. Similar studies could be replicated or manipulated to fit the needs of other future studies for similar hedonic studies, or weighted cost of crime analysis. Future research should equally  devote  time  to  elucidate  the  processes  through  which  house  prices interact  and  are  influenced  by  crime  using  long-term  data  series.  Challenges for future research should also include the testing of crime ratios instead of crime rates. Another remaining research question is to assess whether fear of crime has the same effect on house prices as do crime rates.

Keywords: Crime, Hedonic Price Model, House Price Determinants, Property Values and Sex Offenders.

MARKETING EFFICIENCY OF MAIZE IN NASARAWA AND KOGI STATES, NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR TWIN CHALLENGES OF UNEMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY

 

 

SIMPA ONDEKU JAMES, AHMED IDRIS & MAUDE S.I

Department of Agricultural Technology, The Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nigeria

06

Abstract

This study investigated variables influencing marketing efficiency of fresh and dry maize in Nasarawa and Kogi States, Nigeria, employment creation potentials and marketing reduction through maize business. Structure questionnaires were used to collect data from 320 maize marketers selected from eight villages in Nasarawa and Kogi States using stratified multi-stage random sampling techniques. Descriptive statistics and Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method were used to analyze the primary data obtained. The study showed that 70.9% of the traders were females and 47.5% between the ages of 10 and 30 years, 42.5% attended primary school, 37.8% sourced fund through personal savings, 51.5% had less than 5 years of trading experience, average take-off capital of N22, 218.13 and 71.9% had no training. The study also revealed that all the maize marketers were efficient and there was no difference in the marketing efficiency of both fresh and dry maize. OLS estimation showed significant R2 of 0.1358 (13.58%) which indicate good fit of the model. Transport cost, trading experience, storage cost, educational level, market information and grading facilities were important significant factors determining the efficiency levels of maize marketers. The study concluded that maize marketing is dominated by young females with small take-off capital and all the maize marketers are efficient; and as such maize marketing might be a reliable small scale business for employment creation and poverty reduction. It was recommended that maize marketing be packaged and targeted at women to create employment and reduce poverty, provide facilities for both fresh and dry maize marketing and encourage maize marketers through seminars to manipulate the important variables to improve their welfare.   

Keywords: Maize, marketing efficiency, unemployment, poverty reduction

 

 

AN ENGINEERING DESIGN MODELING SYSTEM: A PLATFORM FOR DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE TOWN WATER SUPPLY MECHANISM

 

JAPHETH R. BUNAKIYE1, FRIDAY E. ONUODU2

Dept. of Mathematics/Computer Science, Faculty of Science, Niger Delta University, Nigeria. 2. Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Science, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

07

Abstract

With the rapid pace of urbanization and drastic transformation of economic form in town water supply, the need for a simplified system that can allow stakeholders design sustainable pipeline systems for effective water distribution in urban cities became necessary. This study intends to meet this gap by coming up with an engineering design modeling system with a user friendly platform for modeling and unifying components for a typical water supply pipeline. The created tool will enable the engineer simply declare on an editor interface familiar notations (i.e. pipeline engineering concepts such as pipe diameter, fittings, flow metrics etc.) to get the kind of design, simulation artifact and other configurations without having to depend diagram definition standards inherent in other design systems.

Keywords: water supply, modeling system, metamodel, design scenario, familiar notations

 

 

BIOCHEMICAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF VERNONIA AMYGDANILA (BITTER LEAF) IN FEMALE SPRAGUE-DAWLEY RATS

IGBAYILOLA Y.D1*, SAKA W.A1 OKON U.E2, OLASOJI O.O2, DARAMOLA O.O2 OGUNYINKA O.O2

1*&2 Department of Science Laboratory Technology, D.S. Adegbenro ICT Polytechnic Eruku-Itori, Ewekoro, Ogun State. 1Department of Physiology, College of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State.

08

ABSTRACT                                             

 The biochemical and hematological effect of an ethanolic leave extract of Vernonia amygdalina   in female sprauge- dawley rats (n=18) were investigated. Three groups of six rats each were employed for this study: Group A served as control group fed only with normal rat chow and water ad libitum: Groups (B and C), received 20mg/ kg and 50mg/ kg of an ethanolic extract of Vernonia amygdalina for 14 days respectively. Blood samples were collected from each animal via orbital sinus into small epindorf tube, for biochemical and hematological analysis. Result from the present study showed a significant decrease in CHOL, TG and significant LDL levels in group B and C when compared with the control group. Also, the HDL was significantly elevated in group B and C when compared with the control group. Also, result from hematological analysis showed significant decrease in WBC, HCT, MCV and MCH in groups B and C when compared with the control group; while HGB concentration, RBC level, and MCHC platelet were all significantly elevated in group B and C when compared with the control group. The observations from this study reveal that Vernonia amygadinala possesses erythopoetic potentials at minimal dose and could be used in the treatment of anemia. However, caution should be taken in its use as it has potential to increase LDL.

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Vernonia amygdanila, Biochemical, Hematological, Albumin.

 

 

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF LOW-PASS AND HIGH-PASS FIR FILTER USING FOURIER SERIES METHOD WITH WINDOWING

 

ALIYU SISA AMINU1 & M. H. ALI2

1Department of Physics, Gombe State University. Gombe, Nigeria. 2Department of Physics, Bayero University Kano, Kano, Nigeria

 

09

ABSTRACT

The ever increasing demand for digital products with programmability are growing day by day. Digital filters are broadly used in digital signal processing and communication systems in application such as channel noise reduction which is the major setback in the system. In the field of digital signal processing the function of a filter is to remove unwanted part of a signal that is undesirable. In this paper, we present the design of such filter using a novel approach of Fourier series with windowing. The filter performance based on the design specification is tested using filter design and analysis tool (FDAT) of the Matlab. The FDAT is used to define the filter order, response and coefficients. The implementation of the designed filter using Digital Signal Processing (DSP) blockset of the Simulink has shown that the design specification of the transversal  Filters were achieved and its performance is at the optimum level.

Keywords: Digital Filters, FIR Filter, Matlab Simulink, FDAT, DSP blockset

 

 

ASSESSMENT OF PUBLIC POLICY FORMULATION AND IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

 AHMED HAMIDU MAIHA

Department of Public Administration, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola. 

10

ABSTRACT

Public policy is the process of articulating, formulating and implementing government developmental policies or intention and programs for the benefits of its citizens. It is an attempt by government to address a public issue by instituting laws, regulations, decisions or action pertinent to the problem at hand with a view to enhancing standard of living of the people. This paper therefore, focused on assessing the formulation and implementation of public policies in the local governments. It was found out that public policy formulation and implementation is done only at federal and state government levels.it is therefore recommended that for hope to be given to the grassroots is to ensure that there is a discussion forum or a constitutional review to look into public policy formulation and implementation in the local government and that government becomes more sensitive and responsive in formulation and implementation of public policy decisions that will touch the lives of the local populace directly.

 Keywords: Public policy Policy formulation Policy implementation Local government

 

 

DETERMINATION OF RADIATION HAZARD INDICES AND EXCESS LIFETIME CANCER RISK DUE TO INTAKE OF RADIONUCLIDES IN DRINKING WATER IN GOMBE, NIGERIA

 

SHITTU ABDULLAHI

Department of Physics, Gombe State University, Gombe, Nigeria, Postal Address: P.M.B. 127, Gombe

11

Abstract:

The water samples collected from local boreholes in Gombe metropolis, Nigeria have been evaluated for radiation hazard indices and excess lifetime cancer risk (ELCR). The samples were evaporated to dryness and obtained the residues which were later counted for gross alpha and beta activity using EURISYS MEASURE IN20 low Background multiple (eight) channels alpha and beta detector. It is a gas flow proportional counter. The mean activity obtained were 1.03 and 18.69 Bq/l for gross alpha and beta respectively. The radiation hazard indices and excess lifetime cancer risk due to intake of alpha radionuclides were computed and their mean values are 0.00027 mSv/yr, 0.00017 mSv/yr and 0.00094 for annual effective dose equivalent (AEDE), annual gonadal effective dose (AGED) and ELCR respectively while beta emitting radionuclides had the mean of 0.00489 mSv/yr, 0.06106 mSv/yr and 0.0171 for AEDE, AGED and ELCR respectively. Even though, the computed radiation hazard indices were less than the maximum permissible limit, care need to be taken to prevent excess accumulation of doses over time. Therefore, it could be concluded that further studies need to be carried out to ensure the safety of the general public in the sampling regions.

Keywords: Drinking water, Radioactivity, Radiation hazard indices, Excess lifetime cancer risk, Gombe State.

 

 

AN IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (TQM) ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION: THE ORGANISATIONAL POINT OF VIEW

 

*ISMAILA ABUBAKAR & **IBRAHIM BABA GARBA

*Department of Business Management Education, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. **Department of Accountancy, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.

12

Abstract

Quality whether total or partial as seen from the angle of engineering and or service delivery is all the features of an offering contributing to the satisfaction of customers need. The essence of quality management is to conform to the design specification, to provide utility through functional skills application at relative cost. This paper attempts to review the impact of Total quality management (TQM) on customer satisfaction employing a library research design to collect data from relevant materials. The paper established that despite existing improvement programs and principles, managers are not really necessarily focusing on issues actually happening inside the organization, and therefore real improvements with corrective actions are missing from the process of improving organization’s total quality. The study reveals that Lack of commitment from any particular group within the organisation is a serious barrier in management of quality. Most especially the non commitment by management to quality management is a major hindrance to the successful implementation of TQM. Quality management programs have failed because they were ‘programs of the month’; implementing quality throughout an organisation is not the result of a formalized programme but requires a cultural change in the way activities are conducted. It is recommended that managers should focus on issues that are really happening in the organisation and improved corrective measures be taken in the process of improving organisation’s total quality. Quality management should not be considered periodic, but a continue process throughout the organisation which requires cultural change in the way activities are conducted.

Keywords: quality management, customer satisfaction, quality control, quality assurance

 

 

ACCESS AND USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PURPOSES BY INSTITUTIONAL ADMINISTRATORS IN EMMANUEL ALAYANDE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, OYO

AYOADE OLUSOLA BAMIDELE

Computer Science Department, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria.

 13

Abstract

This study examined the access and use of Information and Communication Technology for administrative purposes by Institutional Administrators in Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.   A sample of forty five institutional administrators was drawn from the college. A questionnaire tagged “ICT and College of Education Administration” was used to collect the data needed for the study. The instrument solicited for information on the ICT facilities available for administrative purpose in the college, extent of using ICT by institutional administrators’ for administrative purpose and their attitude toward ICT usage and administrative effectiveness of college of education administration. The result of the study showed that there are inadequate ICT facilities in the college which institutional administrators can be used to perform different administrative purposes effectively.   The findings also showed that a significant relationship exists between ICT usage and Administrative Effectiveness of College of Education Administration.   Recommendations are suggested that need assessment should be carried out to facilitate development and deployment of ICT in Colleges of Education and government should look into the issues of funding of education in general and ICT in particular.  Also the institutional administrators should be encouraged to be ICT driven so as to boost their productivity.

Key words: Administrator, Administration, College, Education, Gender, ICT and Institution

 

 

TURKEY FARMING: A VENERABLE TOOL FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT

1SALAU M. A., BABATUNDE K. M., JIMOH A. R., 2SALAWU M. B. AND 3 AKANDE H. T.

1Department of Agricultural Technology, The Oke – Ogun Polytechnic, Saki. 2Department of Agricultural Extension and Management, Federal College of Animal Health and  Production, Moor Plantation, Ibadan. 3 International Muslim College, Saki, Oyo State.

14

Abstract

The geometric increase in the population of the country devoid of adequate poultry entrepreneurship lead to the increase in derive demand for poultry products (especially frozen Turkey), when the local production cannot sustain the local demand. This research study seeks to investigate the merit and challenges facing turkey farming. The study was carried out at the poultry unit of The Oke – Ogun Polytechnic, Saki. A day old of hundred poults were used for the study under intensive system of poultry management. At six week of age the turkey poults were sexed Tom and hen. And the average weights gained by the birds’ were recorded between the ages of seven to twelve weeks. Both descriptive and gross margin analyses were used for the processing and interpreting of the results. The findings revealed the average weight gained by the turkey at week twelve to be 1.24kg (Tom) and (1.04kg) hen. And the Gross Margin analysis revealed production cost and revenue to be N146, 420 and N280, 000 respectively, with a profit of N133, 580.  This showed that, turkey production is a profitable venture. It is hereby recommended that; Educative Turkey production programme should be air on radio and television while, Training/workshops should be organized for both rural and urban that shown interest.

Keywords: Turkey production, poultry, protein intake, frozen poultry, Entrepreneurship.     

 

 

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