Nightingale Journal of Humanities and Social Science (JHSS) Vol. 6 (4)


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (IJHSS) VOL. 6 (4) APRIL, 2018 ISSN: 2395-1789

 

Published by:

Nightingale Publications and Research International,

Centre for African Development Studies,

Ministry of Education, Abuja,

Abuja FCT-Nigeria.

Email: nightingalenigeriapub@gmail.com

Copyright © 2018 Nightingale Research and Publications International.

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PHONETICS:  A SOLUTION TO CHALLENGES FACED BY LEARNERS OF FRENCH LANGUAG

ANDREW IORKOHOL

Department of Languages and Linguistics, Benue State University, Makurdi.

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to proffer solution to problems been faced by learners of French Language in the area of phonetics. It presents the major phonetical concepts of French language such as Vowels and Consonants.  Emphasis is laid on phonetics because when a person begins to learn a new language, the most appropriate thing to do first is to learn the sound system of that language.  Provision will be made for one to learn the pronunciation of the French vowels, consonants and semi-consonants/vowels by practicing the pronunciation of each of the sounds.  The examples illustrating each phonetical sound were chosen for their authenticity in current everyday French speech, their frequency of occurrence and quality with a view for proffering solutions accordingly.

Keywords: Solution, Faced, Learners, Challenges, French Language.

 

 

UTILIZATION OF FAMILY PLANNING AMONG RESIDENTS OF G.R.A KEFFI, NASARAWA STATE

BILYAMINU SULEIMAN MUHAMMED Ph.D, ABDULLAHI BASHIR IDRIS AND MAMMAN MATTHEW SAMUEL

Department of Sociology, Nasarawa State University, Keffi

Abstract

This study examines the utilization of Family Planning among residents of GRA Keffi, Nasarawa State. Family Planning is a practice that helps individuals or couples to attain certain objectives such as avoiding unwanted pregnancies, bringing about unwanted babies at the right time, regulating the interval between pregnancies, controlling the time at which birth occurs in relation to the ages of the parents and determining the number of child birth in the family. The study also examines the attitudes of residents of GRA, Keffi towards the family planning practices as well as evaluating the socio-economic factors that influence the choice of family planning among residents of GRA, Keffi. The study reviewed several literature and adopted Malthusian theory as theoretical framework. Based on the nature of the research, 200 questionnaires were distributed, 195 retrieved and analyzed using Tables and simple percentage. Findings revealed that husbands have greater use of Family Planning methods than their wives and that couple have bad attitude towards family planning practices. However, the study recommends that family planning provider should make available accurate, unbiased and essential information about the different contraceptive means which would remove the problem of both real and imagined side effects of helping couples to make informed choices and that spousal approval was the major reason for use of contraceptive methods which advocate for male population to be fully integrated in the family planning programmes.

Keywords: Utilization, Planning, Residents, Family, Among.

 

 

CONTEMPORARY CONFLICT RESOLUTION: ZAUREN ṢULḤ AS A MECHANISM IN BAUCHI STATE

MUHAMMAD AUWAL SULAIMAN

School Of General Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Wuntin Dada, Jos Road, Bauchi.

Abstract

As  long as people lives together, they might have their individual or collective interest, opinion, thought, taste and beliefs to defend or guard, and in the cause of protecting any, it may directly or indirectly lead to a dispute, conflict or misunderstanding among them.  Almighty Allah has guided them with a revelation that will lead them to resolve their disputes and conflict through dialogue. (Q11:118). The effort of some of the Shari’ah States in the northern Nigeria to adopt a device mechanism for resolving conflict amicably through the use of Islamic sources, attracted the paper. It is a qualitative research, primary data are sourced from the Qur’an, Sunnah, Ijma, Qiyas and the secondary sources of data include works written on the mechanism of conflict resolution in the modern times, papers presented at conferences, articles in learned journals and online printed material. Findings of the paper will be significance as Ṣulḥ,   is the most easiest and effective means of resolving conflicts and it will recommend for other sharia’h states to adopt such a device mechanism for peace and lasting security.

Keywords:  Beliefs, Conflict, Dialogue, Dispute, Mechanism, Resolution, Shari’ah, Ṣulḥ,  

 

 

ANALYSIS OF RIGHTS TO LIFE AND DIGNITY OF THE HUMAN PERSON IN NIGERIA: LEGAL CUM RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVES.

ANIEKAN J. MENDIE (LL.M)

Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.

Abstract

The fact that can be debated, but not generally doubted in the human rights community across the world is the self-evident truth that life and dignity of the human person is the central focus of every human rights law and practice. Prominent legal codes, Holy Scriptures and authoritative treatises have recognized and entrenched the theory of rights to life and dignity of the human person as the foremost mantra in the development of man toward actualization of his full potentials in freedom. There is appreciable agreement in both legal and religious sources that these rights must be respected, promoted and protected as man is ordained to live a meaningful life in dignity. Regrettably, many factors such as capital punishment, torture, inhuman and degrading treatments, forced labour; to mention but a few, occur to desecrate these rights in Nigeria. This paper intends to explain rights to life and dignity of the human person as two most fundamental rights which are mutually reinforcing; rights on which all other rights turn; using a doctrinal methodological approach. Analytical explanation of these thematic concepts is shown from both legal and religious perspectives in this paper. Exploring both primary and secondary textual materials, this paper finds out that right to life and dignity of the human person are constitutionalised in Nigeria, but their respect and observance is still far from what is desired. This paper recommends, therefore, that respect and observance of the ideas of the rights should be the driving force of all human institutions in Nigeria.

Keywords: Human Person, Rights to life and dignity, Nigeria.

 

 

POLITICS OF SELECTION DECISIONS IN NIGERIAN ORGANIZATIONS

*UMORU, AGBOMIRE VICTOR (Ph.D) **ALASAN ABDULAZEEZ BAMEYI

*Department of Business Administration and Management, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi. **Department of Humanities of Social Science, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi.

Abstract

Organizational politics especially on selection decisions have been regarded as a critical factor affecting various management practices. Although many studies in behavioural sciences have examined the factors influencing selection decision process, however, organizational politics has largely been ignored. This paper therefore, aimed at exploring how politics within organizations affect selection decision making process. The findings of this paper show that the employee relationship with the powers that be at a given point in time within the organization signals their capacity to be selected for a given opportunity. The paper also reveals that this practice negate organizational norms and values towards the actualization of goals. Against this backdrop recommendations are made.

Keywords: Politics, Selection Decisions, Organizations and Society

 

 

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SPIRITUAL LEADERSHIP AND WORKPLACE CREATIVITY IN SELECTED COMMERCIAL BANKS IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA

*UGBOMHE O. UGBOMHE (Ph.D) **OKWUOKENYE JOSEPH ***DR. ABU AMODU AMEH

*Department of Business Administration and management, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria **Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka Anambra State Nigeria. ***Department of Business Administration, Kogi State University, Anyigba. Kogi State Nigeria.

Abstract

The work was undertaken in order to understand the effect of spiritual leadership on workplace creativity. The study was conducted using descriptive research design in which data were obtained cross-sectionally. For the purpose of the study, sampled population from four purposively selected commercial banks including their branches in South-west Nigeria were used for the study. The main research instrument was questionnaire and samples size for the study was 216. The data were analyzed descriptively and the hypotheses tested using correlations and regression analyses. The finding of the investigation showed that there is strong positive relationship between employee workplace creativity and leaders altruistic love for subordinates. It was concluded that employees in the organisations are inclined towards accepting a leadership approach that would contribute towards increased creativity in the workplace. To this end, it was recommended that organisations must change their structure to reflect value-added creativity and innovation.

Keywords: Creativity, innovation, altruistic love, structure, employee, leadership.

 

 

IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC AND SOCIAL LIFE IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITIES IN NORTHWESTERN STATES OF NIGERIA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

*SAHABI, MUHAMMAD KABIR **AUWAL MAGAJI ABUBAKAR *SUZANAH WAYO KISSABO

*University Library, Kaduna State University, Kaduna **Federal Polytechnic, Kaduna

Abstract

This study examines and evaluates the positive and negative effects of social networks on academic and social life of the students with the adoption of the survey methodology, 204 students from the Ahmadu Bello University, Zara and Bayero University Kano. They were randomly selected to participate in this study. The results of this study suggest that the effects of social networks outweigh their negative counterparts and, therefore, students should not be dejected visiting social networking sites. Among the following are some positive and negative effects of social media, The ability to seek the views of parents about a particular subject of their own comfort spaces, and the opportunity to find more friends than it is in real life and the ability to be able to participating in group discussions was the positive impact of social media on students in both institutions with a reduction in classroom focus, and waste the time you can spend studying, reducingphysical interaction (face to face interaction) and a stenographic enhancement, which has the ability to write good grammar also had a negative impact on the use of social media both institutions.

Keywords: Social media, social life and students’ academic

 

 

HOW TO SUCCESSFULLY PROMOTE ICT USAGE AMONG ACADEMICIANS IN NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS

*AUWAL AHMAD, *FAIZ IBRAHIM JIBIA, **YAKUBU NUHU DANJUMA, **ABUBAKAR S. HAMZA, ***ALHAJI KAWUGANA

*ICT/MIS Directorate, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State Nigeria **Computer Science Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State Nigeria ***Bursary Department Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State Nigeria

Abstract

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) usage among academic staff of tertiary institutions is of paramount important towards effective service delivery. However, computer have been partially available in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions (NTIs) setting, concern remains that Academicians are neither confident nor competent users of ICT, the failure to use the ICT by many academicians in the teaching and learning process is of particular concern.  The objective of the study is to determine whether the ICT access and available ICT infrastructures are properly utilised. A cross sectional survey research was adopted using proportionate stratified random sampling procedure, 350 structured questionnaires was distributed to academic staff of the eleven (11) Public higher institutions in Bauchi state and 248 (71.0%) were retrieved and found suitable for analysis. The findings of this study revealed that teaching staff had a strong desire to integrate ICT into teaching-learning processes. 73% are using ICT for teaching and learning, 99.2% using internet, Possession of Laptop and email addresses are 94.8% and 97.6% respectively, participation in social media haven 90.7%. Nevertheless, the level of satisfaction with the ICT infrastructural facilities provided in their institution indicates fully and partially satisfied as 84.2% while least and not satisfied as 26.2% and 6.5%. Recommendation made were that, all academicians in NTIs should undertake mandatory training and retraining on practical and functional knowledge of computer, internet and associated fields of ICT for improved effectiveness and efficiency.

Keywords: ICT Usage, ICT Access, ICT Infrastructure, Academicians, Nigerian Tertiary Institutions.

 

 

FORMULATION OF MEDIA FOR THE CULTIVATION OF RHIZOPUS NIGRICANS AND ASPERGILLUS FUMIGATUS USING SHEA NUT AND IRISH POTATO PEELS

1IRUOLAJE, F. O., 1OGBEBA, J., ., 1MANU, M.A. AND 2DOGO, B.A.

1Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi state, Nigeria. 2National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC). Federal Secretariat Complex, Oke-Mosan, Abeokuta, Ogun state.

Abstract

Formulation of media for the isolation and identification of Aspergillus fumigatus and Rhizopus nigricans from Shea nut and Irish potato peels in powdered form was carried out. Proximate analysis of the dried powdered sample was carried out and the results are as follows: shea nut had a moisture content of 10.0%, ash 8.6%, crude fibre 16.0%, fat content 25.0%, crude protein 11.0% and carbohydrate 2.0% while Irish potato peels had a moisture content of 9%, ash 10%, crude fibre 22%, fat content 11%, crude protein 8.6% and carbohydrate 39.4%. The media formulated supported the growth of the test organisms used but the colony shape and growth time revealed slight difference compared to the commercially prepared medium. It was observed that the media supported the growth of the test organisms with Irish potato peel medium (IPPM) having much growth than Shea nut medium (SNM). The study also revealed that the growth of Aspergillus fumigatus and Rhizopus nigricans  on commercial media had similar morphological characteristics as that of the formulated media when observed under the microscope. The growth of Aspergillus fumigatus on formulated media revealed faster colony growth on IPPM (6-7 days) than on SNM (8 days).   Rhizopus nigricans on IPPM also revealed much faster colony growth rate at 6 days than SNM on which colonies were formed after 8 days, while on the commercially prepared medium PDA colony growth time of 4 and 5 days respectively were observed.

Keywords: Formulation, media, proximate analysis, cultivation, fungi.

 

 

THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF MUHAMMAD BELLO TO THE ISLAMIC POLITICAL THOUGH, WITH REFERENCE TO CONTEMPORARY LEADERS BYMOHAMMED GHANI DASS

MOHAMMED GHANI DASS AND MUHAMMAD AUWAL SULAIMAN

School of General Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Wuntin Dada, Jos Road, Bauchi

Abstract

This paper examined the contributions of Muhammad Bello for the Islamic Political thought and the triumph of Sokoto Caliphate.  It was also observed that most western political thought centered on the contributions of Euro-centric political philosopher, political theorists neglecting the contributions of numerous political thinkers of African, Asian and Latin American origin . “Devine Rights of Kings” is adopted as theoretical framework in guiding the analysis of this work.  The paper critically reviewed the existing literature both conceptually, empirically and thematically and relied on secondary source of data and examination of official documents as its methodology.  Major findings has it that Muhammad Bello’s political thoughts have blended religion and politics (theology) which  western theorists and philosophers particularly, Aristotle, Plato and Machiavelli have profusely attempted to separate.  Such as the issuesof ethics, values and morality.  The paper concludes that the Bello’s principles of politics as enunciated in his ‘Usul-alsiyasah” is still relevant in the contemporary politics thus making him a great political thinker of African origin contrary to the Euro-centric, western type political thought which considered African civilization as savage or even nonexistent.

Keywords:  Islamic Political thought, Muhammed Bello, Jihad

 

 

THE POLICY AND PRACTICE OF NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM: AN ASSESSMENT OF NATIONAL POLICY ON EDUCATION AND THE WAY FORWARD

YAHAYA SHU’AIBU WAKILI

School of Education, Department of Curriculum and Instructions, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare.

Abstract

Many issues confront the Nigeria educational system today, but the most identified one is the level of academic performance in schools. This has become a major concern of many parents, educators and educational administrators. Nigeria has recognized that education is at the heart of sustainable development, especially as she strives to be among the 20 developed nations by the year 2020. But one of the challenges that is facing the sector today, is the quality of education. Education embraces the entire social process by which individual’s ac quire ways, beliefs and standards of society. It is a means through which every country’s economic development depends on. The principal concern in this paper is to look into the general objectives and philosophy of Nigerian education at different levels. As it’s enshrined in the National Policy on education. It weakness and strengths. Conclusion and solutions were highlighted.

Keywords: Policy, National Policy on Education, goals and objectives of Nigerian Education system, pre, primary, secondary, tertiary education.

 

 

ACCEPTABILITY OF THE TEACHER’S REGISTRATION COUNCIL OF NIGERIA BY PRACTICING TEACHERS

OLADUNJOYE PATRICK (PH.D) & DR. N. BENWARI

Niger Delta University, Educational Foundations Department, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.

Abstract

The study is concerned with identifying the level of acceptability of the Teachers’ Registration Council by practicing teachers in Nigeria. Two hypothesis and one research question were raise to guide the study. A questionnaire on acceptability of TRCN (AOT) was used to collect data from 874 urban and public school teachers and 874 rural and private school teachers in schools in the Niger Delta region of South-South Nigeria. The result of the analyzed data shows that there is a significant difference in the level of acceptability of TRCN by public and private schools teachers as well as urban and rural school teachers. The factors that may be responsible for this were identified as the high cost of registration, inaccessibility of the TRCN office by most teachers, non-enforcement of the policy concerning mandatory registration by teachers, no special regard for the TRCN certificate as it does not form the basis for employment or promotion, the poor status of teaching profession in Nigeria and the fear of failure since TRCN introduced qualifying examination. Probable recommendation were made if the TRCM certificate must remain a vital certificate for all practicing teachers in Nigeria.

Key Words: Council, Registration, Practicing, Private, Induction.

 

 

LEGAL ACTS OF TERRORISM AND THE FULANI HERDSMEN MACABRE IN NIGERIA: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE

HAGLER OKORIE Ph.D

The Faculty of Law, Abia State University, Nigeria.

Abstract

It is now universally agreeable that there is no specificity on the definition of the concept of terrorism. The various international treaties and conventions vainly attempted but only ended up with the definition of what constitute ‘acts of terrorism’. These motley international and regional instruments obligate state parties to domesticate and promulgate municipal criminal laws to combat acts of terrorism in their geographical space. Out of the sixteen (16) international and regional treaties on terrorism, Nigeria has ratified nine (9). In compliance with its treaty obligation, Nigeria enacted the Terrorism (Prevention) Act, 2011, which was amended with Terrorism (Prevention) (Amendment) Act, 2013. This work evaluated the activities of the Fulani Herdsmen across various local communities and states in Nigeria and scaled them with the provisions of both the international, regional and the municipal legalframework on terrorism. The work also considered the actions of the security personnel sent to protect the local people and the overall response of the Nigerian state towards the massacre and destruction of property and means of livelihood of the citizens by the Fulani Herders under the protection of Nigerian soldiers and policemen. The work concluded that Fulani Herdsmen’s actions are ‘act of terrorism’ as defined by both international and regional instruments and the Terrorism (Prevention) (Amendment) Act, 2013. It called on the Nigerian State to declare them as such and to arrest and prosecute them. On the complicity of the security personnel, the work concluded that the genocide and crimes against humanity committed by these terrorist groups was attributable to the Nigerian State by virtue of the provisions of international law on responsibility of state for acts of terrorism and breach of obligation in the fight against terrorism. The work finally invited the International Criminal Court to assume jurisdiction on the matter since the Nigerian State has shirked its complementarity responsibility to punish or extradite.

Keywords: terrorism, Fulani Herdsmen, Terrorism Act, killings, attacks, responsibility

 

 

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF GIRL-CHILD EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF AUCHI COMMUNITY AND ENVIRONS

ISERE VICTORIA OSHUARE MERAB AND IMONIKHE, JUSTINA SELIMETU

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of General Studies, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi

Abstract

The research examined the social and economic impact of educating the girl-child; specifically looking out for the way the girl-child is treated when it comes to education. The design of the study was descriptive (survey) research. The sample consisted of two hundred respondents drawn from Auchi and its environs.  A questionnaire was used to gather data for the study and analyzed using means, standard deviations, ANOVA, and t-test.  The results revealed that there is significant difference between the treatment girls and boy in education as against the general opinion that girls are educationally disadvantaged and are deprived of equal opportunities at education; that educating a girl-child is as important as educating a boy and also that discrimination against girl-child education reduces the economic advancement of families.  Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that curriculum should be developed to teach good traditional practices at school to encourage school attendance and that the girl-child should be encouraged to get into higher education.

Keywords: Economic, Implications, Education, Community, Environs.

 

 

AN APPRAISAL OF THE EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION ON INSECURITY IN NIGERIA

*ADAMS YAHAYA ATATA AND **ADEBAYO KHADIJAT ADEBUNMI

*Department Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu **Sahel Multi-Millennial Academy Damaturu.

Abstract

This paper titled an appraisal of the effect of globalization on insecurity in Nigeria, seeks to trace the trouble with the Nigerian state, through archival means. The findings pointed to the fact that the present seeming ‘failure of the Nigeria project’ is deeply rooted in the colonial incursion into the country in the 19th century, and is sustained, by the legacy thereafter bequeathed to the people and government of Nigeria. The tales of woe that had befallen the country in this era of mis-governance, sounding warnings of death knell were critically examined. Whole encompassing solutions were consequently suggested.

Keywords: Appraisal, Effects, Globalization, Insecurity, Nigeria.

 

 

THE SUSTAINABILITY OF LAKE CHAD BASIN FOR LIVELIHOOD, SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT: A Review  

1ODETOYE ADEOLA SUNDAY 2SHUAIBU NURU MAMMAN 3KABIRU ZAKARI 4HENRY OGWUCHE AUDU

1Department of Architecture, Ladoke Akintola University, Ogbomosho, Oyo state 2Department of Building Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 3&4Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi

Abstract

It is a well known fact that Lake Chad Basin (LCB) is abundantly blessed with both human and natural resources. However, today, the lake is a source of insecurity, instability, and loss of livelihoods. This work therefore showcases the various potentials, risks and possible suggestions in the study area as a strategy for development in the LCB. The study area under investigation further discusses issues of immense prospects, challenges and solutions to all the eight sharing countries (Algeria, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, Libya, Niger, Nigeria, and Sudan). Hence, the contribution of this work can never be over emphasized as the results and findings will be of short time, medium time and long time relevance to the sharing countries and other future possibilities in Africa as a whole. It has been recommended that all the eight sharing countries should strictly enforce the law that will regulate meaningful development towards attaining sustainability in the LCB. This paper therefore makes use of information gathered via previous literature reviews, observations, and experiences alongside the stakeholders in the eight sharing countries to revive pristine agriculture, mine lucrative resources, assure appropriate use of water, boost technological education, harness climate change, foster partnership, provide adequate job and peoples’ security, solve energy crisis, increase revenue/GDP with tourism and housing.

Keywords: Development, experiences, resources, sustainability and tourism.

 

 

EFFECTIVE STORE MANAGEMENT AS A TOOL FOR IMPROVED PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC CORPORATIONS IN

 BAUCHI STATE-NIGERIA

1BELLO DOGOJI ADAMU, 2 SADEEQ GARBA ABUBAKAR AND 3 YAHAYA MUHAMMAD ADAMU

1, 2 & 3Depatment of Business Administration, School of Business Studies, the Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.  Bauchi State, Nigeria.

Abstract

This research is aimed at investigating effectiveness of store management as a tool for improved performance in public corporation in Bauchi state. The main objectives are; to find the effect of store management on the performance of public corporation, to determine the impact of information and communication technology on store management, and to find out the challenges facing the effective store management practice. The research used semi structured question for interview. This is to enable the research clarify questions where the respondent don’t understand the question and/or the answer may warrant other questions. It was therefore, discovered that the store workers need to be well trained on the latest technology about store management, thestore should improve on the use of ICT tools in managing its activities so as to monitor the trend of the store effectively.

Keywords:  Store management, improved performance, public corporation, public procurement

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