INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT (IJECM) VOL 6 (3) APRIL, 2018 ISSN 2167-4774
Nightingale Publications and Research International,
Centre for African Development Studies,
Ministry of Education, Abuja,
Copyright © 2018 Nightingale Research and Publications International.
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IDP TOILET DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION USING SHIPPING CONTAINERS TOWARDS A SAFE ENVIRONMENT
1ODETOYE ADEOLA SUNDAY 2SHUAIBU NURU MAMMAN 3KABIRU ZAKARI 4OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED
1Department of Architecture, Ladoke Akintola University, Ogbomoso, Oyo State 2Department of Building Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 3&4Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The main objective of this paper is to examine the issues and challenges facing the waste management of toilet facilities using shipping containers and to proffer evidence based solution to the menace of deteriorating toilet facilities through a sustainable clean water and sanitation. For better future of building construction processes and procedures in Bauchi internally displaced persons’ (IDP) Camp, hence the paper assesses the possibilities of selected used shipping containers for perfection of materials, technology, cost effectiveness, waste reduction, speedy construction among others of load and non-load bearing walls (internal or external),
Key words: Health, Shipping containers, Sustainable, Toilet and Waste management.
CLASS-RELATED URBAN SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS TOWARDS SOCIAL EXCLUSION AND URBAN MARGINALIZATION IN OWERRI, NIGERIA
*EGESI JONATHAN CHIDOBEREM *ALANEME JUSTINA CHIKA & **IJEOMA EZECHUKWUNYERE NWEBO
*Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo Ohaji, P.M.B. 1472, OWERRI, NIGERIA **Department of Early Childhood Care and Education, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri
Urban spatial development with reference to urban residential and recreational planning including development have hugely been class -related in outlook since the beginning of colonial era even after independence. It is true to mention that in many cities of Nigeria, Owerri of Imo State inclusive in the South-Eastern part of Nigeria, the issue of urban development planning and policies have simply been skewed in favour of upper-political and middle class. The above have given birth to the division of the city into different Nuclei and suburbs, the better of which have been developed into Government Residential Area for the bourgeoisie, super rich and government functionaries. There are equally other high class areas which have been developed for the members of the middle class of the society majority made up of the elite class members, the technocrats and the industrialists. There are also some other areas or sections of the city earmarked for members of the lower class, members of the poor, most of these structures are shantified and poorly built and this have given them the hew of shims or shanty -foron. Some of these shanty towns can be found in Uratta, Amakohia, Ogbaku, Umuguma, Okuku areas among others. As a result of this arrangement, there have been exclusions and urban marginalization of these areas in terms of access to the best of social amenities and infrastructural facilities. This usually affects urban social relations and security. So, in this study we shall examine the case of class similarities of urban spatial development and use in Owerri and the different implications it shows for social relations with a view to abridging the gap.
Key words: Class-Related, Implications, Social Exclusion, Marginalization Urban.
MENACE OF PROPERTY MANAGEMENT PRACTICE IN ILORIN, KWARA STATE
UWAEZUOKE, NGOZI IFEANYI (ANIVS, RSV)
Department Of Estate Management, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin
Property management involves the management of properties by an Estate Surveyor and Valuer owned by another party or entity. The property management practice in Ilorin Metropolis has been facing a lot of challenges with regard to pressure due to population growth coupled with urbanization challenges which resulted in the rising needs for both commercial and residential properties. The study therefore examined the challenges in property management practice in Ilorin metropolis. Data were drawn from the practicing firms of Estate Surveyors and Valuers in Ilorin metropolis through administration of twenty-two (22) questionnaires of which all were returned using purposive sampling technique couple with interview conducted with some of them. The data were analyzed using frequency distribution tables and 3 point linkert ranking scale. The major problems discovered were delay in rent payment, ranking 1st; involvements of quacks, also ranking 1st, infrastructure deficiency ranking 3rd and high cost of building materials, ranking 4th. This study recommends that the practice of property management should be done with integrity, transparency without bias or favouritism and responsibility within the context of ethics (NIESV, 2005). Also, the public (land lords) should be enlightened on the importance of channeling the management of their properties to the professional Estate Surveyors and Valuers through seminars, conferences and workshops. Government should provide more infrastructural facilities to ease the stress of property managers in property management practiced in Ilorin metropolis.
Key words: Challenges, Property, Management, Maintenance, Practice.
PLANNING SUSTAINABLE URBAN GROWTH IN NIGERIA CITIES: CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES
1AHMID B. SIYANBOLA,2BASHIR O. OLABODE, 1SHERIFAT O.SIYANBOLA & 3OLALEKAN E. OGINNI
1Department of Architectural Technology, The Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State 2Department of General Studies, The Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State 3Department of Architectural Technology, Ogun State Institute of Tech.,Igbesa, Ogun State
This paper focuses on planning of urban development in Nigerian cities. Urbanization has become a major social problem in Africa, the one which policy makers, academic and researchers within and outside Nigeria have been making concerted efforts to provide lasting solution to. However, the tides of urbanization coupled with its attendant problems continue to be a major canker worm in the development of Nigeria Cities. In view of the above, this paper looks into the challenges of urbanization in Nigeria and strategies to employ in other to curb these challenges most especially the one that border on security. The paper concludes by offering some recommendations.
Key words: Planning, Sustainable, Urbanization, Challenges and Development.
PROPERTIES OF WASTE TIRE RUBBER CHIPS CONCRETE MODIFIED WITH COCONUT FIBER (CF)
ABDULRAHMAN GARBA, ABDULLAHI SALISU DALHAT, ABDULMALIK M. MALEKA AND AHMAD M. MUKADDAS
Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State Nigeria
Alternative sourcing of concrete building materials is imperative owing to high cost of conventional ones. Basically, there are two approaches for sourcing of the alternative building materials. First is by replacing cement and secondly by replacing conventional fine and coarse aggregates. Waste tire rubber contributes to a large proportion of solid waste and has caused growing global environmental problem. Integration of the waste tire into concrete represents a promising solution for re-use of such an industrial waste. Several researches carried out by replacing coarse aggregates with tire rubber chips have shown reduction in mechanical strength of the hardened concrete produced. Reinforcing cement matrices with various fibers have been reported to resist rapid propagation of micro cracking under applied stress as well as the ability to withstand loads even after initial cracking, thereby improving toughness. Therefore, this research work explores the potential utilization of waste tire rubber chips modified with palm fruit fiber in various mix categories for the production of concrete. Coarse aggregate was replaced with waste tire rubber chips (RC) at 0%, 10%, 20% and 30% by volume of coarse aggregate and also incorporating coconut fiber (CF) as additive at 0.5% 1.0% and 1.5% by weight of cement. The properties of fresh and hardened concrete such as slump, density, compressive and flexural strengths were examined. The slump result shows a decrease in the slump value as the percentage of palm fruit fiber increases. The slump recorded a maximum decrease of 50.94% at 10%RC, 1.5%CF replacement. The result also shows that increasing the tire rubber chips content leads to decrease in the density, compressive and flexural strengths of the concrete. Incorporating palm fruit fiber as additive leads to an increase in the strengths; waste tire rubber chips concrete modified with palm fruit fiber (10%RC, 1.5%CF) recorded an increase of 25.45% in compressive and 22% flexural strengths compared to 10%RC mix specimens at 28-days curing. However a decrease of 3% and 7% in compressive and flexural strengths were recorded when 10%RC, 1.5%CF was used compared to the control specimens. This research work has shown the significance of incorporating palm fruit fiber in concrete and hereby recommends its usage in structural cement concrete.
Key words: Waste Tire, rubber chips, concrete, strength, fiber.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE TRENDS IN RENTAL VALUES OF RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL PROPERTIES IN KADUNA METROPOLIS FROM 2003 TO 2016
AKPAN PHILOMINA MEMBER & SAWYERR, PATRICIA TOYIN
Department of Estate Management, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Rental values movement are very important to investors in real estate as it is a sign that the investment is viable. The population of this study is the seventy (70) registered firms of Estate Surveyors and Valuers in Kaduna and fifty percent (50) of the population which is thirty five (35) was sampled. Questionnaire was used in collecting data which was presented in tables and graph and was analysed using percentages, mean and frequency. Rental values of residential and commercial properties maintained a steady growth throughout the period under study. Commercial properties performed better than residential properties with a percentage of 9.4 as against 8.9. Properties should be sited in good locations and should be provided with basic infrastructure for them to command high rental values.
Keywords: Trends, Rent, Rental values, Residential property, Commercial property.
AN ASSESSMENT OF PRIVATE HOUSING PROVISION IN NIGERIA- A CASE STUDY OF PRIVATE DEVELOPERS IN NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA.
SALAU LIADI TUNDE
Department of Estate Management, School of Environmental, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, P.M.B 0231, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
Housing is a complex issue which transcends from a shelter to encompasses both amenities provided within a building and environmental services/facilities which make the living therein a complete comfort. It is a bundle of goods and services. Its only when housing is being viewed from an elaborate perspective like this, that, its complex problems would be appreciated. Housing delivery involves both the provision and distribution of housing units by either public sector or private sector. The monumental failure of government, since independence, in providing public housing for populace in Nigeria has been documented by scholars. The main thrust of the Nigerian Third National Housing Policy-2002 is the use of private sector as a fulcrum of housing delivery, which is a shift in government view on how to promote mass housing for the citizens. Therefore, this is line with the changing global trend of economic liberation of sectors of the economy, and to foster greater private sector participation. As Nigeria is treading the path toward becoming one of the 20th industrialized nations of the world by year 2020, the paper suggests that, the government reduces her involvement in the direct construction of housing units for the populace and live up to her expectation in providing enabling environment for the mass production of houses by both institutionalized and non-institutionalized private sectors. For easy presentation, this proposal is divided into six parts, covering introduction, roles of private and public sectors’ participation in housing delivery, Nigerian housing problems, recommendations and conclusions.
Keywords: Provision, North Eastern, Assessment, Private, Developers, Nigeria.
DESIGN OF BATIK USING NORTHERN NIGERIA SYMBOL AS AMOTIF ON TEXTILE FABRICSFOR CULTURAL IDENTIFICATIONAND ECONOMIC GROWTH.
1ADINOYI BABA JAMES 2IBRAHIM FRIDAY CHRISTOPHER 3DUNG JOSEPHINE CHOMO 4OMAKU PETER ENESI
1,2,3Arts and Industrial Design Department, School of Environmental Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa. 4Mathematics and Statistics Department, School of Applied Science, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa.
This study is mainly designed to examine the use of batik (adire textile) as amedium for cultural identification among the northern Nigeria people, and also its economic importance to the country.The researchers produced batik designed fabrics with northern Nigerian symbol and subsequently fashion the fabrics into men and women garments. The garments were worn on sculptural images (dummies) of both man and woman to collect data. After collecting the data, frequency count andANOVAwere used to analyse the data collected. Finding reveals that batik has significant effect on cultural identification among the people of northern Nigeria. In addition, batik designed with cultural ymbols has significant effect on promoting unity among the people of the same cultural group, boosting the economy of Nigeria.The study further reveals that a day in a week should be set aside for people to wear batik which is designed with traditional symbols to sustain cultural and national heritages.
Key words: Batik, Cultural symbol, Identification, Economy, Design, Heritage.
VOLUMETRIC TRAFFIC COUNTS ALONG SELECTED ROADS IN KATSINA TOWN, KATSINA STATE NIGERIA
1ZAINAB .M. ZAKARI 2ZAINAB .M. DALHATU 3IBRAHIM .B. BALARABE
1&2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria. Kaduna State, Nigeria 3Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, PMB 35, Adamawa State, Nigeria
The work aimed at determining the volumetric traffic count in some selected roads in Katsina town. The selected roads includes IBB way, Yahaya Madaki Road, Dutsinma Road and Nagoggo Road. The volumetric was conducted in selected points of the roads recording INN COMINGS and OUT GOINGS from 7am to 6pm. Urban transportation planning standards of passenger car unit of Car (1.0), Keke Napep/ Motorcycle ( 0.75), Bicycle (0.3) and Pick up Van/ Truck (3.0) was used for the conversion was used. Comparison for each stations was used as the based for the findings. The result for INN COMING shows that Station (A), (IBB) Road has the most significant records of exactly 456 Cars/ Taxis as the highest volume, while station (B) Yahaya Madaki Road has the second highest records of 450 Cars/Taxis. Station (D) Nagoggo Road road maintains the third position then station (C) Dutsinma Road retains the least. In addition, the records of Keke Napep, Bicycles and Truck/ Pick up Van. Station (A) maintains the highest across the table, follow by station (B) Yayaha Madaki Roads then Station (D) retains the second to the last in positions while Station C gets the least of the records. This demonstrates that Station (A) IBB raod is the most busiest , follow by Road ( B ) Yahaya Madaki road, the (D) Nagoggo road but the lowest records goes to Road (C) Dutsinma road. The OUTGOING records slightly differs with the Incoming, here Station (B) Road ( B ) Yahaya madaki road maintained the highest records , follow by station (A) IBB raod. But Station (C) Dutsinma road and Road (D) Nagoggo road maintains its statues as the third (3rd) position and forth (4Th) positions respectively . This is a good indicator for the planning and management of these important roads in the state. Recommendations are made based on the findings.
Key words: Traffic count, Passenger Car Unit (PCU), Incoming , Out coming and Katsina Town.
SUSTAINABLE BURNT BRICKS PRODUCTION FROM KAOLIN MINED IN AKURE, ONDO STATE – NIGERIA
OLUROTIMI OLAKUNLE FADAIRO1 & ADEWALE OLUWABUNMI AJALA2
1 & 2 Industrial Design Department, Federal University of Technology Akure-Nigeria
This paper is an experimental pilot test conducted at the Ceramics section of the Department of Industrial Design, Federal University of Technology, Akure to explore the possibility and sustainability of producing refractory burnt bricks from Kaolin mined in Akure, Ondo State – Nigeria. Physical characteristic tests were conducted on clay types sourced at different locations within Akure. Samples were taken and processed at various stages of production from mining, processing, storage, forming to firing. Result of the tests includes colour change, shrinkage, size variation, compressive strength and rate of water absorption.
Keywords: Refractory, Shrinkage, Lining, Formulation, Insulating and Binder