DEVELOPING WORLD AND INTELLECTUALS, AND RESEARCHES FOR ACHIEVING THE NEW MILLENNIUM GOALS: SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN TRANSFORMATION AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT.
08 October, 2015.
C.E.S. Lecture Hall, Barnawa Campus, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF COMPUTER CRIME AND ITS IMPLICATION ON TODAY’S NIGERIAN ACCOUNTANTS (CASE STUDY OF ZENITH INTERNATIONAL BANK PLC MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA)
HAFSAT BUKAR ADAMU
Department of Accountancy, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
This study focuses its great concern the way computer crimes affect the accountant of today in the course of carrying out his/her duties. This study is survey in nature. The targeted population comprised of management staff of banks under study. The study used both primary and secondary data. However due to the large size of the population, the study selected a representative sample of twenty (20) bank management staff using Simple Sampling Technique. The sample size comprised of both management and other supporting staff of the banks under. Questionnaire and interview were used as the instruments for data collection and the data collected were presented and analyzed using simple percentage table. The data collection instruments were administered among the fifty respondents. Chi-square was the statistical tool used in testing the hypothesis of the study. The discovered that there is low existence of computer crime in the banking industry and other financial institutions than other organizations. This research work also reveals that most of the respondents attested to the fact that computer crime cannot be totally eliminated but minimized. Other areas of concern revealed by this research include; all the respondents agreed that it is important to provide security in organizations’ computer systems and also the nature of the securities to be provided.. The study recommended that the management of the bank should try and find out about it, thereafter, educate their staff on it. The bank should also try and collaborate with other banks and financial institutions to see to the enactment of a law on computers crime (if none) and if there is, its full implementations must be ensured, this if done will go a long way in minimizing the rate at which computer crimes are occurring.
THE ALMAJIRI SYSTEM OF EDUCATION AND THE CHALLENGES OF YOUYH POLICY IMPLEMENTATION OF OUR TIMES
*MUSA AUDU TIKA AND **IBRAHIM UMAR
*CABS Potiskum, Yobe State, Nigeria**CASS, Kaduna Polytechnic, Barnawa, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria
The paper examines the principles of Youth development policy implementation at the local government level of Yobe state by focusing on the Almajiri system of education, i.e. Through observing steps and strategies adopted in the implementation of youth development policy in the state. This is pursued through applying some methods and styles in executing the policy principles. This involves monitoring and supervising the Almajiri system of education, which is attached with societal values and reflected in government programs. The paper discusses the strategies surrounding youth development and the problems involved in this development projects. The Methods adopted in this study is the survey design through data collection on the youth, who constitute half of the Yobe state population. Sampling and sampling techniques were adopted in this study. The output of the study indicates that the Almajiri youth in the society are severally neglected by parents and in government policy and programs. The study recommended to youth workers and stakeholders how to achieve this mission of youth development on the Almajiri system of education and how it can be pursued.
INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEUR’S BEHAVIOUR AND COMPETENCE ON PERFORMANCE OF LANDSCAPING ARCHITECTURAL ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA
MUSTAPHA SANI SADA, DR. ROBERT GICHIRA & DR. GEORGE ORWA
Department of Human Resource Development, JKUAT, Nairobi, Kenya
The influence of entrepreneurial in economic development involves more than just increase in per-capital output and income, but also involves initiating and constituting changes in the structure of business, this changes is accompanied by growth and increase out. This study investigated the influence of the entrepreneur’s behavior and competence on performance of landscape architectural enterprise in Nigeria. The research used descriptive survey design in which quantitative data was collected from 125 respondents all from the managers of architectural enterprise in the country. The finding shown that the age and years of experience of entrepreneurs influenced customer satisfaction, growth and return on asset of the enterprise respectively. Also, entrepreneurial behavior, technical and managerial skills had a significant positive relationship with customer relationship with enterprise profitability. Furthermore, all the variables studied had positive relationships with enterprise performance, but few relationships were significant. Finally, it is recommended that entrepreneurs of landscape architectural firms should invest more in technical skills and knowledge that will encourage the diversification of product and services for improve performance of the enterprises.
THE ROLE OF EFFECTIVE TIME MANAGEMENT FOR DEMOCRACY AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN 21ST CENTURY
*BOT, LADI FRANCIS, MANAGAI DANJUMA**HARUNA, JAMES HELE
*Department Of Social Services, Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin Ladi, Plateau State, Nigeria **Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
This paper on the role of effective time management for democracy and national development in 21st century aimed at discussing democracy and national transformation in Nigeria, some management techniques, the concept of effective time management, and to discuss the rule effective time management in democracy. The paper revealed that for this to be achieved there is need for effective management at all levels of institutions and organizations. In attaining the mission and vision of organizations, the employment of management skills are essential tools. Performance, based on management skills, constitutes the driving force for effective time management in coordinating strategy and target in order to deliver services. The study recommended the need to strengthen the electoral process through effective time management, effective time management strengthens the judiciary, facilities administration and dispensation of justice, the legislative and executive arms of government should effectively manage their time to hasten democratic process, government should give priority to poverty alleviation programs through effective planning and time management on policy implementation.
NEWSPAPER PATRONAGE AND USES AMONG RURAL DWELLERS; A STUDY OF GWALLAMEJI COMMUNITY IN BAUCHI STATE.
ABDULKADIR ALIYU SAMBO, ABUBAKAR BABA GARBA, ABBA ABDULMUMINI
Department Of Mass Communication Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi,
Bauchi State, Nigeria
This research work seeks to discover the problem of newspaper patronage and uses around Gwallameji area in Bauchi metropolis. The paper examined factors such as the unavailability of the newspaper industries around the area, transportation problems, market, and literacy level as the hindrance to popular newspaper patronage around Gwallameji community. The paper further investigates the factor considered most significant among the factors militating the newspaper patronage which when well addressed can ease the problem. The specific objectives of the research work were to determine major sources of information to the Gwallameji community; to determine the extent of newspaper patronage by Gwallameji community and to determine hindrances to newspaper patronage for Gwallameji community. A survey method was adopted using questionnaires as instruments of data gathering. The population of the study was all residents of Gwallameji village which comprises of local dwellers, civil servants, businessmen and women, farmers and students made up of indigenes and non-indigenes that reside in the area during the course of the study. Stratified random sampling technique was used in this study. The sample size of the study was 100 drawn from the classes or strata mentioned above. The findings indicates that majority of the people around this area do not patronized newspapers despite the advantages of convergence derived as a result of the area been proximate to FPTB and ATBU. Among the various reasons identified as hindrance to expected patronage of newspapers in this area are; expensive cover price, newspapers been urban-oriented, approaches not localized and many a times language used been highly complex. The study was rooted within the uses and gratification theory. The research recommends for Newspapers to be more rural oriented to carry information about rural citizens regarding all human endeavors and that local communication and local means of communication must be given priority as community media will help bridge the gap between the rural dwellers, the district or regional administrators and also sustain reading skills of newspapers.
LANGUAGE AS MOST ESSENTIAL TOOL FOR HUMANS ACTIVITIES
Languages Department, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna State, Nigeria
Language perhaps is the most essential to human life. And also most far-reaching of human capabilities in relation to the whole span of mankind’s achievements. Therefore, these paper intense to look at language in three perspectives vizly: theological, under this aspect two holy books are going to be look into, these are, the holy Qur’an and also the Bible. And under the second perspective which is the hypothetical, the views of philosophers are going to be taken into consideration. And lastly views of linguists about the concept of language. All these are to be done with the view to bring to light the essential of language to human life.
AN ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY BASED RADIO PRACTICE IN BAUCHI STATE: CHALLENGES AND IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL NIGERIA
ISAH YAHAYA ALIYU ABDULKADIR, ALIYU SAMBO, BELLO IBRAHIM HALILU
Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
The Bauchi State government in North Eastern Nigeria has established and been maintaining the largest radio network in the country with eleven affiliate FM stations across the state under the mother station, Bauchi Radio Corporation (BRC). Almost three years on with the establishment of what is preferably termed in academic circle as Community Based Radio, this paper presents findings of an audience assessment study into the performance of the Bununu Community Based Radio station. The study was conducted within the framework of Development Media Theory, and adopted case study design to analyse broadcast schedule, interview the station manager and administered structured questionnaire to clustered sample of 100 respondents among the Bununu community. The study found that, although not a full community medium, the community based radio initiative of the government has been doing adequately well in addressing community issues; the people’s rating of the station has been equally fairly good. However, it was obvious that cost of running the stations is becoming heavy on government; and although there are avenues created in the broadcast schedule for community participation, mostly in presentation, listeners rarely participate in phone-ins or text-ins, which could be attributed to either their non involvement in initiating and packaging of programmes, or the level of poverty and illiteracy in the rural areas. Consequent upon that, programmes managers in those stations should do more to persuade listeners to take part in all the stages of programming. Also, the government might think of leasing the ownership and control of these stations to their host communities gradually in years to come, so as to make them fully fledged community broadcast outfits, controlled and managed by the communities themselves.
DESIGN OF TWO DIMENTIONAL (2D) KADUNA POLYTECHNIC LOGO USING COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN
USMAN JIBRIN RUMAH AND IBRAHIM LADAN MOHAMMED
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
A great logo does more than just represent a company, organisation, product or services. It evokes an emotional response. Constructing a good logo must require the involvement of graphic and geometric design to produce the standard perfection according to the appearance of the logo. This paper discuses the design of Kaduna Polytechnic logo using computer aided design (CAD) software. The logo comprises the frame, the spider and its web, the hexagon, the curved ribbon, the double web and the heraldic shield respectively. Coordinates of the entities in the logo were labeled and tabulated for digital design both in soft and hard copy.
A REVIEW ON ACETAMINOPHEN TOXICITY, THE JOURNEY SO FAR
Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero. P.M.B.1144, Aliero, Kebbi State.
Acetaminophen being one of the commonest drugs taken over the counter may be doing more harm than good to its beneficiaries. It is actually used to relieve mild to moderate pain from headaches, muscle aches, menstrual periods, colds and sore throats, toothaches, backaches, and reactions to vaccinations, and to reduce fever. Acetaminophen may also be used to relieve the pain of osteoarthritis. However, studies have shown that, excessive use or overdose of the analgesic drug paracetamol (called acetaminophen in North America) leads to toxicities. Mainly causing liver injury, paracetamol toxicity is one of the most common causes of poisoning worldwide. This study found that, in the United States and the United Kingdom it is the most common cause of acute liver failure. Thus, this paper review focuses on the hepatotoxicity, (damage to the liver) of paracetamol which results not from the drug itself, but from one of its metabolites; N-acetyl-p-benzoquinoneimine (NAPQI) (also known as N-acetylimidoquinone). NAPQI depletes the liver’s natural antioxidant glutathione and directly damages cells in the liver, leading to liver failure. It has been reported that following a therapeutic dose, it is mostly converted to nontoxic metabolites via Phase II metabolism by conjugation with sulfate and glucuronide, with a small portion being oxidized via the cytochrome P450 enzyme system. Cytochromes P450 2E1 and 3A4 convert approximately 5% of paracetamol to a highly reactive intermediary metabolite, N-acetyl-p-benzoquinoneimine (NAPQI). which under normal conditions, is detoxified by conjugation with glutathione to form cysteine and mercapturic acid conjugates, but in cases of paracetamol overdose (due to alcoholism and unconscious intake of drugs containing acetaminophen), the sulfate and glucuronide pathways become saturated, and more paracetamol is shunted to the cytochrome P450 system to produce the toxic intermediate NAPQI. As a result, hepatocellular supplies of glutathione become depleted, as the demand for glutathione is higher than its regeneration. NAPQI therefore remains in its toxic form in the liver and reacts with cellular membrane molecules, resulting in widespread hepatocyte damage and death, leading to acute hepatic necrosis. Based on these findings, the strategies for reducing harm done by acetaminophen overdoses is first by increasing awareness and also selling paracetamol pre-combined in tablets either with an emetic or an antidote e.g. Calcitriol, Paradote and L-5-oxo-pyrrolidine-2-paracetamol carboxylate etc.
EFFECT OF HEAT TREATMENT ON FATIGUE STRENGTH OF HIGH CARBON STEEL
APASI, H.I. YUSUF AND AS. ALIYU
Department of Mechanical Engineering Kaduna Polytechnic. P.M.B 2021, Kaduna
This work presents the investigation of the effect of heat treatment options on fatigue strength of high carbon steel for various engineering applications. The investigation commenced with the preparation of work samples which were subjected to annealing, normalizing, and hardening (quenching) operations prior to fatigue testing. The experimental results show that the annealed specimen had the largest number of cycles to failure, indicating a high fatigue resistance and also recorded the high tensile strength of 1968 MPa followed by the normalized work piece samples having 1033 MPa. The microstructure of the heat treated samples and the as-received (untreated samples) were examined. The results obtained also show that the annealed specimen (with optimum fatigue resistance) shows a large grains size of pearlite which was distributed across the entire surface of the microstructure, implying that the size and distribution of the specimens grains structure affect the resistance of high carbon steel to fatigue life.
SELF BUILT HOUSING OPTION AS A PANACEA FOR HOUSING SHORTAGE IN NIGERIA
HADIZA ABDULKADIR MUSA
Department of Estate Management, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna State, Nigeria
This paper examined self built housing as a panacea for housing shortage in Nigeria on this objective: To examine the purpose of Government’s policy on housing finance to low income earners with a view to identify the approaches of self built housing. The research was designed on a quantitative technique thus three sample clusters were selected namely: Goni gora, Rigasa and Bayan Dutse. It was deduced that there is no form of Government policy finance available for low income earners housing needs. It was also discovered that the approaches in self built housing requires the full participation of the owner who may hire the services of skilled labour, unskilled labour and semi-skilled labour. The research concludes that self built has the potential to ease the shortage of housing in Nigeria. Government and Non – Governmental organizations need to ensure the formation and development of self built housing cooperatives that are efficient and sustainable.