JOURNAL OF PURE AND APPLIED SCIENCE (JPAS-1) VOL. 9 NO. 1


AFRICAN SCHOLARS JOURNAL OF PURE AND APPLIED SCIENCE (JPAS-1)

VOL. 9 NO. 1 ISSN – 2278-8881



Published by:

African Scholar Publications and Research International,

Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.

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APPLIED CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY: PATIENT’S PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT IS A KEY

BAMIDELE EMMANUEL OSAMIKA

Department of Sociology and Psychology, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Lead City University Ibadan.

ABSTRACT

Clinical Assessment is a beauty of a clinical psychologist as it helps them to make a sound diagnosis, formulation and impression of patient’s problem. Personality assessment is most important in clinical settings as it helps the clinician to describe patients most striking and enduring characteristics relating to the presenting complain. Clinical Psychologist is a mental health care perform some key roles in the healing process of patient. In a developing country like Nigeria where the roles of a clinical psychologist in health settings is gradually understood by other professionals and patients, this clinical report reflects few among roles of clinical psychologist in mental health care. In this internship report, five (5) patients personality assessments using MMPI-2, MCMI-III and ISBC were documented. The patients’ were being treated for mental and behavioural disorder with active psychoactive substance, alcohol, cigarette and marijuana with cannabis dependent. Results from their personality profiling and through the use of DSM-IV criteria indicates that one of the patient is having avoidant personality disorder, second with Schizoid Personality Disorder with tendencies of psychopathic deviate and antisocial personality disorder. Third patient’s personality profiling shown Schizoid Personality Disorder, fourth patient shown Borderline Personality Disorder with tendencies toward major depression, anxiety and alcohol dependence and the fifth patient’s personality profiling revealed paranoid Personality Disorder with anxiety, drug dependence and Schizoid tendencies. Psychotherapeutic treatment plans were discussed and recommendations were noted accordingly.

Keyword: Clinical. Psychology, Personality, Assessment.

 

DETERMINISTIC STABILITY ANALYSIS OF TWO YEAST INTERACTING POPULATIONS UNDERGOING CHANGING INITIAL CONDITIONS.

R.E. AKPODEE & E.N.EKAKA-A

Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

In the absence of a stochastic variation, the deterministic stability of two interacting yeast populations is one of the challenging problems facing the ecosystem, mathematicians and ecologists within the published mathematics and ecological literatures. We have used a computational approach to solve this proposed problem. The full analysis of this problem is beyond an analytical approach; therefore, we have proposed a computational approach under some simplifying assumptions. The novel results of this pioneering problem that we have not seen elsewhere will be presented and discussed in this paper.

Keywords: Energy Price Model, Stability, Numerical Simulation, Computational Approach.

 

PROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF MOMORDICA BALSAMINA LINN ON HEPATIC OXIDATIVE STRESS IN STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED DIABETIC RATS

KABIR, N1, UMAR I A2, ATIKU M K3, JAMES D B2, INUWA H M2, 4USMAN M M

1Department of Biochemistry, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa Nigeria 2Department of Biochemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Nigeria 3Department of Biochemistry, Bayero University Kano, Kano Nigeria 4Department of Chemical Pathology and Immunology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital Kano Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Oxidative stress has been reported as one of the heterogeneous etiologies that produces the multiple biochemical sequelaes of diabetes mellitus. Hence the urgent need for the development of antidiabetic drugs that can target the multiple etiologies of diabetes. The current study evaluates the protective effects of the aqueous leaf extract of Momordica balsamina Linn (MB) on hepatic oxidative stress in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Oxidative stress status of STZ-induced diabetic rats treated orally (28 days) with 200 mg/kg of the aqueous leaf extract of MB was evaluated using some hepatic oxidative stress biomarkers. STZ induction resulted in a significant decline (p<0.05) in the levels of antioxidant enzymes; superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione s transferase (GST) and reduced glutathione (GSH) compared to the untreated diabetic rats. In addition, significant increase (p<0.05) in the degree of lipid peroxidation measured as TBARS was observed. However, significant elevation (p<0.05) of the levels of antioxidant enzymes and significant decrease (p<0.05) in the degree of lipid peroxidation after repeated oral treatment with MB was observed compared to diabetic controls. These findings demonstrate the protective potentials of MB against oxidative stress induced liver damage and its probable potency as an antioxidant and antidiabetic agent.

Keywords: Momordica balsamina, Streptozotocin, Oxidative stress,

 

CROSS–SITE SCRIPTING (XSS) IN WEB BASED SERVICES: DETECTION AND PREVENTION TECHNIQUES REVIEW

MBING ISAAC

1Department of Computer Science, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

Cross-Site Scripting has become a major problem of vulnerability of  any Web-based service.  Also known as XSS, is a way of bypassing the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) concept. Whenever the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) code is generated dynamically, and the user input is not sanitized and is reflected on the page an attacker could insert his own HTML code. The web browser will still show the user’s code since it pertains to the website where it is injected. Since Web browsers support the execution of commands embedded in Web pages to enable dynamic Web pages attackers can make use of this feature to enforce the execution of malicious code in a user’s Web browser. This paper attempt to add to the users’ experience some techniques used to detect XSS and prevent them.

Keywords: cross-site scripting, Hypertext Markup Language , Standard Operating Procedures injection attack, JavaScript, scripting languages security, survey, web application security

 

THE SPECIES COMPOSITION AND DIVERSITY OF THE COASTAL WATERS OF ONDO STATE, NIGERIA.

JOSEF BAMIDELE BOLARINWA,

Department of Fisheries Technology, Lagos State Polytechnic, P.M.B 21606, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

A study of the icthyofauna resources of the coastal waters of Ondo State of  Nigeria conducted for 18 months (June 2011-December, 2012) revealed the presence of 67 finfish species with the clariids(especially Clarias gariepinus and Heterobranchus bidorsalis) and cichlids(especially Oreochromis niloticus and Coptodon zilli) dominating the stock accounting for 42% and 16% respectively. Other predominant families were  A high ’Claroitedae’(Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus) with 9.2% contribution, ’Channidae’(Parachanna africana) with 8.7%, Osteoglossidae (Heterotis niloticus) with 7.1%, Gymnarchidae( Gymnarchus niloticus), Mugilidae (Mugil cephalus) and Clupeidae (Ethmalosa fimbriata). Lausanne Index of Abundance was 89.7% while Margalef.s index( a measure of species richness) was 5.18.  The Length-weight relationships of these predominant fishes showed negative allometric growth pattern. A high level of heterogeneity of stock was observed as revealed by Simpson Index and Shannon-Weiner Index of General Diversity (H i) which were 0.13 and 0.35 respectively. A lot of similarity in species composition existed as revealed by Evenness Index(E) of 0.20 and Berger-Perker Index of 0.88. There was comparatively higher catches of fish in the dry season than the wet season probably due to reduced water volume which concentrated the fishes for easier catchability. The author recommends the need to protect the existing stock especially the monospecific families like the Osteoglosidae and Gymnarchidae through regular monitoring of the physicochemical parameters of the coastal waters which are highly susceptible to crude oil pollution, Ondo State being a crude oil-producing area. More funds should be committed by the government to researches on population dynamics and biomass estimate of our coastal waters.

Keywords: Species composition, diversity indices, coastal, allometry, Length-weight relationship, icthyofauna, predominant.

 

ADOMIAN DECOMPOSITION METHOD FOR APPROXIMATING THE SOLUTIONS OF PARABOLIC EQUATIONS

1 RAKIYA M. K. ADAMU AND 2D. KABALA   

1Department of Computer Science, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.  2College of Education, Waka-Biu, Bornu.

ABSTRACT

Mathematical modelling of many phenomena in applied Science leads to parabolic equations. So the solutions of such equations are of interest. Numerical solutions such as finite difference approach needs a large size of computation. Adomian method which needs less computation is employed to solve parabolic linear and non linear partial differential equations. The solution is calculated in the form of a series with easily computable components. The series solutions of the differential equations considered by the method in this work converge to the exact solutions which illustrate how effective and efficient the method is in solving such problems.

Keywords: Adomian Decomposition Method, Adomian Polynomials, Linear and non linear parabolic equations.

 

NEW TREND OF MODELING DEPLETION AND RECOVERY OF THE ECONOMIC PRODUCTION QUANTITY (EPQ) USING A MATLAB ALGORITHM

ATSU, J.U.1. AND EKAKA-A, E.N.2

1Department of Mathematics/Statistics, Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Nigeria 2Department of Mathematics, Rivers State University, Nkpolu, Port – Harcourt, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

We have utilized a MATLAB algorithm to quantify the effects of decreasing and increasing the daily production rate on the economic production quantity (EPQ). Our present results have shown that decreasing the daily production rate p predicts a depletion of the EPQ whereas increasing it dominantly predicts a recovery of the EPQ. The full analysis of this present study has been presented and discussed quantitatively.

Keywords: Depletion, recovery, economic production quantity, MATLAB algorithm, stochastic demand, demand rate, production rate

 

APPRAISAL OF THE PRACTICE OF BIRTH CONTROL AMONG MARRIED WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN ANGWAN ROMI, KADUNA SOUTH IN KADUNA STATE – NIGERIA

ALEWU, B1., SAM, K2., MAGAJIYA, H1.

1Shehu Idris College of Health Sciences and Technology, Makarfi, Kaduna State – Nigeria 2St. Gerard Catholic Hospital, Kakuri, Kaduna State – Nigeria

ABSTRACT

This study assessed the Appraisal of the Practice of Birth Control among Married Women of Reproductive age in Angwan Romi, Kaduna South in Kaduna State – Nigeria. Birth Control is considered to be the use of any practice, method, or devices to prevent pregnancy from occurring in a sexually active woman. It is also referred to as family planning, pregnancy prevention, fertility control or contraception; birth control methods are designed, either to prevent fertilization of an egg or implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus. Birth control methods may be reversible or irreversible. Birth Control is a process of contraception and fertility control is a method or device use to prevent pregnancy. Planning, provision and use of birth control is called family planning. Birth control methods have been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods only became available in the 2oth century. The objectives of the study were to: identify the forms of birth control married women of reproductive age use, find out the types of EC used by married women of reproductive age, investigate the barriers to the practice of birth control and EC among married women and explore the challenges experienced by married women of reproductive age that practice birth control and EC. Questionnaire served as the instrument for data collection and data were retrieved from a sample of 217 married women of reproductive age. Analysis is based on 217 questionnaires retrieved from respondents. Findings of the study revealed that contraceptive use rate was 63%. Hormonal forms of birth control were most practiced while the least practiced was sterilization. The hormonal method, most practiced is injectables.  The study’s findings on EC practiced revealed a prevalence rate of 14.5%. The most used form of modern EC is Postinor while lime is the most practice traditional form of EC. The findings on barriers to the practice of birth control revealed that husbands’ disapproval is the most identified challenges.

Keywords: Birth, Fertility, Pregnancy, Contraception

 

GINGERPRODUCTION (LOCAL RESOURCE), SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION FOR ATTAINING SUBSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN 21ST CENTURY

*DR (MRS) WAKAWA RACHEAL JOSHUA & **OLAWUWO ADEBOOLA FALILAT

*Chemistry Department, FCT College of Education Zuba Abuja **Department of Integrated Science, School of Sciences, FCT College of Education Zuba Abuja

ABSTRACT

This paper examines how ginger productioncan provide economy sustainable usingScience and Technology skills for the packaging of product of ginger to foster sustainable development of the nation for 21st century. Ginger production guarantee the sustainability through adequate production of the technical manpower required to run the economy in the information age. Despite the fact that Technology is the aspect of education that leads to the acquisition of practical and applied skills as well as basic scientific knowledge for sustainable development, much is easier said than done, the study employed Meta-analysis by highlighting the skilled required through Science and Technology for economic production and national development for ginger production. The need for ginger productionto diversify our economy from oil production and nutritional value of it in the light of the current manpower situation in the country was highlighted. The economy values of ginger, its health benefits such as stimulant of the gastro intestinal tract, medicine as a carminative, powerful antioxidant, antiemetic relieves, colon cancer prevention, soft drinks and nonalcoholic drinks and its oil extraction for exportwas fully discussed. For the purpose of propagation, harvesting, extraction and packaging for export purposes, science and technology skills will be needed. With all these valuable benefits of ginger it is therefore  recommended to government and individual private bodies to provide enabling environment to our team youth by providing them with funds to motivate them to ginger farming so as to empowered them economically and for sustainable development in 21st century.

Keyword: Ginger, Health benefit, Extraction, Nutritional value, Science and Technology, Sustainable development.

 

EFFECT OF BAMBARA NUT SIEVATE SUPPLEMENTED EXOGENOUS ENZYMES ON HAEMATOLOGY AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL VALUE OF FINISHER BROILER BIRDS.

*E.O. AHAOTU1, V.N. OKONKWO2, K.C. OKORIE2  AND  A. AKINFEMI3

1 Department of Animal Production and Health Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, Nigeria. Department of Animal Science and Fisheries, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.3 Department of Animal Science, Nasarawa State University, Laffia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

A total of 60 Anak strain broiler finisher birds of 28 days of age were used in a twenty eight (28) days feeding trial to determine the effect of bambara nut sievate fortified exogenous enzymes on the serum biochemical values and haematological assays of finisher broiler birds. Four experimental diets were formulated such that bambara nut sievate fortified exogenous enzyme was incorporated in the finisher broiler diets at 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% dietary levels to replace soybean in the experiments in diets T1, T2, T3 and T4 respectively. The 60 finisher broiler birds were divided into 4 experimental groups of 15 birds per group and were randomly assigned to the 4 treatment diets and replicated three (3) times (5 birds per replicate).  The haematological parameters such as Hb, PCV, RBC. and WBC increased with respect to control except in treatments 3 and 4.  Furthermore, MCV, MCH and MCHC, were significantly different (p>0.05).  Serum biochemical parameters such as urea, total protein cholesterol and globulin were significantly different (p<0.05) between the treatments, while creatinine and albumin were similar (p>0.05) between the treatment means. However, all the parameters of the WBC were not significantly different (p>0.05).  All serum biochemical elements were significantly different (p<0.0) between the treatments. These results suggest that bambara nut sievate fortified exogenous enzymes could be included in the diet of finisher broiler birds up to 15% level without any harmful effect on the animal.

Keywords: Bambara nut sievate, exogenous enzymes, Broiler finishers, Serum Biochemistry, Haematology and Protein Source.

 

RHF AND DFT THEORETICAL STUDY OF THE BENZENE AND HYDROXYL BENZENE MOLECULE GROUP IN GAS PHASE.

*A. MUHAMMAD1, L .S. TAURA1 AND C.E. NDIKILAR2

1Department of physics, Sule Lamido University Kafin-Hausa, Jigawa State 2Department of physics, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State

ABSTRACT

The Benzene ring is an important example of conjugated molecule, and also an important building block of many organic semiconductors (OSC). However a single benzene ring is not yet large enough to bring the band-gaps Eg into the OSC regime. The molecular geometries of the   Hydroxylbenzene group have been studied using ab-initio Quantum chemical calculations at the Restricted Hatree-fock (RHF) with 6-31G(d,p) basis set. Also Density functional theory (DFT) at the B3LYP have been carried out  at the same basis set for inclusion of electron correlation. The electronic properties calculated  are Bond length, Bond angle, total energy, energy gap, ionization energy, electron affinity, electrophilic index, Hardness and softness. Some of the properties computed like bond lengths and bond angles by DFT are in good agreement with experimental values but those computed from RHF over estimated the results. The energy gap decreases with the substitution of OH radical in the Benzene molecule. The study was performed using Gaussian 03W software.

Keywords: Benzene, Bond length, Energy gap and DFT,  RHF

 

STUDIES OF MOSQUITOES IN HADEJIA EMIRATE, JIGAWA STATE, NIGERIA

AHMED, U.A & SANI, ZAKARIYYA

Department of Biological Sciences, Sule lamido University Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Studies on Mosquitoes in Hadejia emirate, Jigawa State, Nigeria revealed the presence of eight species; 107 (16.09%) Aedes aegypti, 123 (18.50%) Ae. africanus, 41 (6.16%) Ae. albopictus, 60 (9.02%) Ae. furcifer, 76 (11.43%) Ae. taylori, 42 (6.32%) Ae. luteocephalus, 77 (11.58%) Culex decens, 31 (4.66%) Cx. dutton and 82 (12.33%) Mansonia Africana. Within the (8) Local Government Areas sampled, Hadejia has the highest member of mosquitoes obtained. Anopheles species were only reported from Auyo and Guri has the least number of Mosquitoes Aedes africanus was the most abundant while Anopheles funestus was the least. The mosquitoes identified in this study are of public health importance and there is an urgent need to control them by treatment of their breeding places and indoor residual spray.

Keywords: Aedes, Anopheles, Culex, Mansonia, Mosquito 

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