JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (JASD-7) VOL. 9 NO. 7


AFRICAN SCHOLARS JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (JASD-7)

VOL. 9 NO. 7 ISSN – 2010-1086



Published by:

African Scholar Publications and Research International,

Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.

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PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF THE EFFECT OF DRUG/SUBSTANCE ABUSE ON YOUTHS POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS

ABDULWAHAB SANI, KABIRU ABUBAKAR GARBA & HUSSAINI ADAMU HUSSAINI

Department Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi

ABSTRACT

The paper identifies the relationship between youth political behavior and drug/substance abuse as perceived by the public in Bauchi metropolis. The effect appeared obvious as political violence, motivated by use of drugs/substance in Nigeria has remained a major problem that hinders peaceful democratic transition since independence. Using availability or convenient sampling technique, which enables drawing samples that are both easily accessible and willing to participate in a study; a discretionary percentage of (40%) from each of the five targeted population/groups was formed. They include: National Drug Law Enforcement Agency, Peoples Democratic Party, All Progressive Congress; the Vanguard as well as Barisiyya Coalition Group makes up of 200 as the sample size. However, a total number of 170 questionnaires were returned and analyzed after being administered.. Findings in the data shows that about 153 representing 90% of the respondents said that, the youths are aware of the effect but cannot disconnect themselves from the politicians due to the long act and the gain it might entail, while 17 respondents representing 10% said that, the youths were mostly young and ignorant who engage in such an act and perceived it as a norm; hence, they are not afraid of the consequences. The principles of equality before the law should be applied on the politicians that engage youths into such act with severe penalties for a more orderly and organized political transition was recommended, rather than a law of few against the majority.

Keywords: Political Behavior, Youth, Drug, Abuse, Perception.

 

ENTREPRENEURSHIP: THE CORNERSTONE OF A SUCCESSFUL CAPITALIST ECONOMY

AGBODIKE CHINEDU CHIGOZIE (ANIA)

Department of Architecture, Federal Polytechnic Kaura Namoda, Zamfara State

ABSTRACT

The concept of entrepreneurship has been in our modern society for thousands of years and in the history of economic study the word has been overused, and in some cases underused. Entrepreneurship plays an influential role in the economic growth and standard of living of any country. As a startup founder or small business owner, you may think that you are simply working hard to build your own business and provide for yourself and your family. But you are actually doing a whole lot more for your local community, state, region, and the country as a whole. The underlying theme of Capitalism is the use of wealth to create more wealth. The Simplest form of this is lending money at interest, reviled in the Middle Ages as the sin of usury. At a more sophisticated level Capitalism involves investing money in a project in return for a share of the Profit. In this paper, an in-depth analysis of how Entrepreneurship is the cornerstone of a successful Capitalist Economy has been done. Areas of interest discussed in the literature review include; History of Entrepreneurship, Theory of Capitalism, Who is a Capitalist, What makes a Capitalist Economy, Roles of the Entrepreneur in a Capitalist Economy etc. Entrepreneurship as was discussed had always played significant roles as a Cornerstone to a Successful Capitalist Economy.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Cornerstone, Successful, Capitalist, Economy.

 

REVIEW OF FACTORS PREDISPOSING ADOLESCENTS TO OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AND HEALTH CONSEQUENCES

LATEEF OWOLABI JIMOH & ADEBUSOYE SUNDAY MICHEAL

Nutrition and Dietetics Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi

ABSTRACT

Nutrition-related health problems such as overweight and obesity in adolescents are increasingly significant causes of disability and premature death both in developed and developing countries including Nigeria, the epidemic of obesity alongside continuing problems of under nutrition that has plagued African countries. This paper reviews some of the factors that predispose adolescents to overweight and obesity. Conceptual and theoretical frameworks were to explain the contributing factors to overweight and obesity among adolescents in general. Several research findings were reviewed across the globe within the last three decades to determine those factors that encourage the high prevalent of overweight and obesity particularly in Nigeria and Africa. Socio-demographic status of adolescents parents, unhealthy food consumption, physical inactivity were the major factors. The identified factors were influenced by obesogenic condition like poor physical structure and town planning, ever increasing food outlets and poor nutritional knowledge. Addressing the incidence of overweight and obesity will require the concerted efforts of government, environmental experts, nutritionists and parents.

Keywords: Review, Consequences, Adolescents, Predisposing, Overweight.

 

INTERNAL CONTROL AS A STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY. A CASE OF DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS IN NIGER STATE.

ISAH NDA ISAH, GIDEON TSADO & MUSA USMAN

Niger State Polƴtechnic, Zungeru

ABSTRACT

The importance of internal control in achieving organizational performance cannot be over emphasized as there is a general expectation on institutions that enforcement of proper internal control systems will always lead to improved financial performance. This study examined the role  of internal control  as a strategƴ on the performance sustainaɓility of Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) in Niger state. The study adopted a survey research design, the population of the study comprise managers and heads of units of four selected banks located in Minna metropolis. A structured questionnaire was used as source of data collection and multiple regression was used to analyze the collected data. Findings revealed that control environment and risk assessment positively and significantly effects the performance of DMBs in Niger. While monitoring had a significant but negative relationship with performance of DMBs in Niger. Based on the findings, the study concludes that internal control effects on the performance of DMBs in Niger. The study recommends that control on the activities and risk assessment of the management in DMBs in Niger should be improved on in order to ensure greater performance.

Keywords: Development, Internal, Deposit, Sustainable, Control Strategy.

 

MECHANICS OF PERIPHERAL AFFORESTATION AND REFORESTATION STRATEGIES ON SURFACE WATER RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABILITY IN SOME INTERIOR RURAL SETTLEMENTS OF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

ADAMU BABA ABDULAHI PH.D AND COL. (DR.) WILLIAM BUTU

*Dept. Of Geography, FCT College of Education Zuba Abuja **Dept. of Geography, Nigerian Defence Academy Kaduna

ABSTRACT

This research examine the mechanics of peripheral Afforestation and reforestation strategies on surface water resources conservation and yields in litres in some selected interior rural settlement of Niger State, Nigeria. the objectives of the study are to examine the nature and types of plant species useful for Afforestation and reforestation strategies, to examine how the strategies assist in surface water resources conservation and yields in liters at the peak of dry season between 2012-2016 and to compare water yields in litres between Afforested surface water resources and Non-afforested. Empirical data were gathered from primary and secondary sources. Multi stage sampling techniques was employed, Factor Analysis of centroid and principal components methods were used. Result indicated Uai1 9.868 for afforested surface water resources and Uai 2 2.6007 for Non-afforested lakes, ponds, streams and rivers of the study area. The study recommends planting of more trees at the peripheral surroundings of these surface water resources to sustain it and provide more water for the rural populace in the study area.

Keywords: Mechanics, Peripheral Afforestation and reforestation Strategies, Surface water resources, conservation and sustainability, Niger state, Nigeria.

 

ON THE EFFECT OF COMPAYIBILITY TEST ON THE TRANSMISSION DYNAMICS OF HIV IN A HETEROSEXUAL POPULATION

  1. ABU

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Tests to determine genotypes, HIV status of partners are nowadays conducted to ascertain their compatibility for marriage or other forms of sexual relationships. The objectives of this article are to, first formulate a model of HIV that incorporates compatibility test compliance parameter; secondly to derive an epidemic threshold and thirdly to establish stability of equilibria. A system of ordinary differential equations is formulated. The effective reproduction number,  as an epidemic threshold, was computed by the next generation method. The sensitivity of  to compatibility parameters was analytically evaluated. It was proved that the disease-free equilibrium state is locally and asymptotically stable for the value of  The stability of the endemic equilibrium state was established for , using the centre manifold theory. Fundamental in our findings is that  decreases with compatibility parameter, showing that it is a good intervention for the control of HIV/AIDS.

Keywords:  HIV, mathematical model, disease-free equilibrium, endemic equilibrium

 

GREEN INHIBITORS FOR CORROSION CONTROL: A REVIEW OF INHIBITIVE EFFECTS OF EXTRACTS OF NATURAL PRODUCTS

BISU, Y. B1. , DATAU, S. G2. ALHASSA, A. M3.

1,3Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria. 3Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Jos, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

Although various methods and materials exist for protecting metals against corrosion, not all of them are environmentally friendly. The search for environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitors has led researchers to study many plant extracts for their corrosion inhibition properties. This paper presents a review of the research works conducted on plant extracts as green corrosion inhibitors with emphasis on their effectiveness. The materials and techniques used for the studies along with the results obtained are presented. Some merits and demerits of plant extracts have been observed. Some suggestions have been made for further studies in this area.

Keywords: Green inhibitors, plant extracts, environmentally friendly corrosion inhibitors

 

REPOSITIONING SMALLHOLDERS FOR FOOD PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA

ALAMU, SALAWU ABIDEEN

Economic Policy Research Department (EPRD), Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER), PMB 5, UI, Ibadan

ABSTRACT

The smallholders are farmers having less than ten hectares of crop land, depend on household members for most of the labour requirements and produce the bulk of the household‘s food. They are instrumental to the success recorded in the Nigerian agriculture. This paper investigates the relevance, strength and challenges of the smallholders with a view to providing policy suggestions for repositioning them as major stakeholders in food security attainment and overall economic development process of Nigeria. The paper was prepared from content analysis of secondary data. Results showed that smallholders are efficient and achieve higher productivity with lower capital intensities and contribute largely to foreign exchange earnings, food security and adapt to changing economic and environmental conditions despite poor infrastructures, inadequate credit facilities and declining size of farmlands among other challenges. With a view to repositioning the smallholders for enhancing food security and economic development of Nigeria, the paper recommends serious government commitments to the provision of infrastructure, credit facilities and capacity building among the smallholder farmers. This category of farmers will continue to be major stakeholders in food security attainment, rural development and economic growth of Nigeria and therefore deserve good support.

Key words: smallholders, food security, Nigeria

 

EXPLORING STUDENTS’ UNDERSTANDING OF SHARIAH AUDITING: IMPLICATION FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAMIC FINANCE IN NIGERIA

ABUBAKAR YERIMA CHABBAL

Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

This research work is aimed at assessing MIBF students understanding of Shariah auditing, and whether their understanding has any implication on the development of Islamic finance in Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was used to gather data from the respondents and Chi-Square test was used to analyze the data gathered. The total population of the study was 57 students out of which stratify and simple random sampling was used to select a sample of 30 students. Based on the Chi-Square test, it was found out that Shariah auditing has not been comprehensively introduced to MIBF students and therefore IIIBF-BUK should endeavor to review it curriculum to make Shariah auditing core course. While government should give approval to other universities to offer Shariah finance related courses.

Keywords: auditing, Islamic financial institutions, accounting, Shariah auditing.

 

FRENCH LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY AS A SINE QUA NON FOR NATIONAL UNITY AND DEVELOPMENT

IJAH GIDEON AKASE AND ADEAGBO, TUNDE JOHN

French Department, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

Proficiency is a quality necessary for every positive human endeavour because it gives rise to expertise and assures the success of every undertaking. However, many hindrances come in play against this quality which we should all crave for. The importance of French language as a potent tool to national unity and development cannot be over emphasized as this language has all the necessary ingredients which can help unite this nation and brings not only unity amongst its citizens but also brings national development in Nigeria as well as the sub-region as a whole.. To achieve this feat, the government has to formulate a new language policy for the teaching and learning of French language. The implementation of this language policy means getting all the more in time with contemporary matters of the international community, breaking the existing Anglophone linguistic barrier through the enhancement of communication between the two linguistic communities and more so creating a forum for national unity and development. So the propagation of French has to be embarked upon through a proper formation of the required manpower, adequate provision of resources and effective management of the resources.

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