RE-AFFIRMING AFRICAN COMMITMENTS IN UNCOMMON DISCOVERIES AND BREAKTHROUGH: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS.
NOVEMBER 10, 2015
University Assembly Hall, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Itas-Gadau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
ANALYSIS ON DEFLECTION OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS [A CASE STUDY OF BEAMS]
ENGR. GANA A.J & ATOYEBI O. D
Civil Engineering Department, College of Science and Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State.
Structural Reinforced Concrete Beams usually deflects from its original position. The amount by which Beams deflects depends upon its cross sectional area. And the bending moment. In modern design offices the two major Criteria for the deflection of Beams are the strength and the stiffness. The designed Beams are usually expected to be strong enough to resist the bending moment and shear force. Beams are also expected to be stiff enough to resist the deflection or not to deflect more than the permissible limit under the action of loadings. This paper Examines the deflection of Reinforce Beans, factors affecting deflection of Beams, different methods for determination of deflection,, design application methods, Effects of deflection, and control of deflection. The paper concluded with recommendation.
Keywords: Deflection, Structural Elements, Reinforced concrete, Beams.
THE EFFECT OF HIGH TENSION WIRES ON PROPERTY VALUE IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS
ILEKOIN OLUTOBA AYODELE
Estate Management Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
The effect of electromagnetic field radiation (EMF) on property value has being a thing of major concern to scholars over the years. While some scholars opine that EMF has negative impact on the rental value of surrounding properties, others insisted that it does not have any effect .This study examines the effects of the present of high tension wires on the rental values of surrounding properties in Gwallameji and Yelwa areas of Bauchi metropolis. The rental values of properties that are located near the high tension wires were regressed against the rental values of properties that are far from the high tension wire. The result shows that the present of high tension wire does not have effect on rental value of properties in Bauchi state .
Keywords: property, land, housing, market, value
The impact of separation of power on good governance in Nigeria: Challenges and prospects for the present administration
*PEACE .M. KADIRI (ESQ) **ALTINE ABDULLAHI (ESQ) & ***MUSA KADIRI (ESQ)
*Estate Management Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria **Eruorapo & Co. Barristers and Solicitors ***Federal Ministry of Justice Headquarters, Abuja
This article is focused on drawing out attention to the doctrine of separation of power under the 1999 constitution of the federal republic of Nigeria (as amended) and its impact on good governance in the country. It therefore advocates the necessity for a holistic approach towards the prohibition of fusion of powers to ensure good governance in the country as a mark of government seriousness towards a meaningful development and the democratic tenets which it has embraced.
THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL MOBILIZATION DYNAMICS ON GBAGYI LANGUAGE SHIFT, RECOVERY AND MAINTENANCE
ABRAHAM AREO DAVID AMENDE A. CHARLES & GAMBO ISA
Department of Languages and Linguistics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
Several social mobilization dynamics which cause shift in language are becoming issues of growing concern for linguists who do not just study but also try to proffer solutions on how to maintain and save the languages. This calls for actions and reactions to language shift and maintenance around the world especially in Africa. This paper therefore tried to answer the following questions; what are the social reasons for language shift? Are there common social factors across these cases for their shift or did all these populations shift for different reasons? The identification of the various social networks that influence language shift in Gbagyi language using Paulstons social mobilization theory was employed in determining language shift, recovery and maintenance in Gbagyi. The paper traced the extent of social networks have greatly or overtly influenced the language negatively and positively. It shall also suggest ways on how the Gbagyi language can be maintained. The language planners and legalised language planners shall greatly benefit from this study.
EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON SMALL SCALE BUSINESS
USMAN ADAMU IBRAHIM & FATIMA SHUAIBU
Pre- ND Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
The paper is concern with the evaluation of the effect of environmental factors on small scale business and the extent to which some of these influence cause the failure of small scale business. Data were collected from two sources, namely the primary and secondary sources. The primary data were from oral interview in form of discussion with some small scale business owners e.g.(saloon operators, barbers, photographers, soft drink sellers, yam and rice sellers, tomatoes and vegetables sellers etc.). While the secondary data were obtained from internet/web, course papers on the subject matter, magazine, journals and published materials. The study identified a number of environmental factors on small scale business such as technology, economic, political/legal and social cultural influence. The study recommends that managers should have proper knowledge of those external factors and adapt to the opportunities and threats.
Keywords: Effect, Environmental Factors, Small scale, Business, Environment.
VERBAL EXTENSIONS: VALENCY INCREASING OPERATIONS IN BASSA VERBAL SYSTEM
IMOH, PHILIP MANDA
Nasarawa State University, P.M.B. 1022, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.
This work examines verbal extensions that affect the verb’s valency in Bassa language. Bassa language is an indigenous language spoken in Kogi, Nasarawa, Benue, Niger states and all the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Councils. Crozier & Blench (1992) and Blench & Williamson (1988) classify Bassa as belonging to Proto–Kru, under the sub-phylum Western–Kru of Niger Congo. Some additions to the verb root such as affixes may result in a change in the verb’s valency, causing the verb to sub-categorize an additional (direct or indirect) argument. This investigation focuses on the effect of such morphosyntactic operations in Bassa language with special focus on ‘applicativization’ and ‘causativization’ each of which is characterized by a similar effect of valent increase. In addition to my native intuitions as a native speaker of Bassa language, data collected for this work include discourse observation, staged and elicited spoken data from fluent native speakers. The paper argues that affixes attached to the verb root result in sub-categorization of an argument (for intransitive verbs) and further sub-categorization of an additional argument (for transitive verbs). Both operations are triggered by affixing the verb root with causative and applicative suffixes. The work discovered that, despite the fact that the two processes are characterized by similar effects of valent increase, they contrast in their morphological and syntactic operations (that is causativization is a derivative operation whereas applicativization is an inflectional operation). In this syntactic transformations, the applied arguments becomes the subject (causal argument) and the inherent subject moves to the object position as the caused agent, whereas for application, the applied argument applies below the predicate and moves the inherent object right-most.
IMPROVING THE PROPERTIES OF LATERITIC SOIL STABILIZED WITH RICE HUSK (POWDERED AND ASH) FOR BRICKS
1DAMMO. M.N*; 1JOSEPH I.A; 1DEBORAH. J.M; 1G B. YUSUF; 2AJI .B; AND 1JIDDA .M
This research determined the effect of lateritic soil modified with rice husk powdered and ash with a view to obtaining a cheaper and effective replacement for the conventional soil stabilizers. Preliminary tests were performed on the sample, for identification and classification purposes. Compressive strength was investigated after 7, 14 and 28 days of curing. Each of the two stabilizers (rice husk powdered and ash) were added in varying proportions of 2%, 4%, 6% and 8% by weight of the lateritic soil for producing the bricks. Compressive strength test conducted revealed that the cement stabilized bricks for rice husk ash and powdered developed a rapid increase in strength from 0.76 to 3.38kN/m2 and 0.76 to 3.76kN/m2 respectively. Rice husk powdered and ash was therefore found as an effective stabilizer for lateritic soils. In all, the compressive strength increased with increasing proportion of the stabilizers
THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON INTRA-ORGANIZATIONAL COORDINATION PROTOTYPE AND DESIGN OF WEB PORTAL TECHNOLOGY
ABUBAKAR SULEIMAN HAMZA1, AUWAL AHMAD NAYAYA2, AND YAKUBU NUHU DANJUMA3
1,3Computer Science Department Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2ICT/MIS Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, BAuchi State, Nigeria.
It is widely believed that information and communication technology (ICT) enables organizations to decrease costs and increase capabilities, effectiveness, and thus enables to shape organizational coordination. This paper describes a prototype modeling with the impact of ICT on structural coordination of information databank. The framework used consists of three perspectives: structural coordination intra-link, ICT, and content management services for the processing of which coordination is required. Organization structural coordination is defined and the impact of ICT is indicated. So far, ICT is considered to be a driving force. There are, however, other aspects that have an influencing impact on intra- coordination. Those aspects are described and by combining those with the possibilities of ICT, the web portals are presented.
Keywords: information and communication technology, intra-coordination, local area network, portal, and structural web content development
INSTRUMENTAL RESOUNDING, PSYCHOANALYSIS IN CRITICAL THEORY AND HUMAN CONDITIONS
ADAMS YAHAYA ATATA,
Department Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria.
How we came into this ephemeral world, and how we will encounter our terminal destinies, are two transcendentals instructive of the limits of human knowledge. Eros and Thanatos, though, are polar dichotomous, but are autonomously interwoven, as complementary, though, contrasting phenomena shrouded in mystery. Instrumental reasoning, a path – finding method of human psyche, buried in psychoanalysis arsenal of critical theory, deployed in facilitating theoretical and practical monumental transformation of human condition from bestial to humane, utopian form – a deep sea in the nature of being, which harbours the intricacies inherent in these twin paradoxically contradictory, but complementary concepts. This paper seeks to delve into critical exposition of the circumstances that can transform Eros to Thanatos, as historical and hypocritical international relations are dilated upon.
Keywords: Eros, Thanatos, instrumental reasoning, human psyche, critical theory.
DEMOCRACY AND THE CHALLENGES OF DEMOCRATIZATION IN NIGERIA
ABEEB MUHAMMED ABIDEEN
Department Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria.
Democratization implies a process or passage from non- democratic to a democratic situation, this process is often characterized by a lot of challenges and needs to be guided by certain fundamental principles such as representative and participation through political parties, conducting free and fair election, supremacy of the law etc, in the Nigerian context these principles are being misused and abused, this partly explain why Nigerian democracy is unhealthy, weak and generally shaky, conversely, proffering solution capable of shaping and enhancing and sustaining democratic development in Nigeria is the focal point of this paper.