RE-AFFIRMING AFRICAN COMMITMENTS IN UNCOMMON DISCOVERIES AND BREAKTHROUGH: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS.
NOVEMBER 10, 2015
University Assembly Hall, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Itas-Gadau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
APPLICATIVE CONSTRUCTIONS IN BASÀ LANGUAGE
IMOH, PHILIP MANDA PHD AND MUH’D BASHIR YUSUF PHD
Department of Languages and Linguistics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
Basà language is classified as belonging to Kainji family under the sub-phylum Western-Kainji known as Rubasa (Basa Benue) (Croizier, and Blench, 1992:32). It is spoken in North Central Nigeria, such as all the Federal Councils, Niger, Nasarawa, Benue, and Kogi states. This paper investigates applicative constructions in Basà language. It examines the thematic roles played by the applicative morpheme that attaches to the predicate which is characterized by different allomorphs based on the verb stem in question. In addition to my intuition as a native speaker of Basà language, data collected for this work consists of multimedia recording of grammatical structures from natural and spontaneous discourse observed, staged and elicited spoken data from fluent native speakers, and a customized word list to generate data that are applicative biased. The paper argues that, the applicative morpheme that attaches to the verb stem triggers a syntactic process, that is, it transitive an intransitive verb and derives a ditransitive verb. Four applicatives are distinguished in this study namely: benefactive, locative (goal and source), maleficiary, and stimuli/psychological. Each of these is characterized by increasing the valency of the predicate by an argument. This study discovers that, in each case, the applicative morpheme attaches to the verb stem and sub categorizes only [+animate] arguments, and never [-animate] arguments and not only to transitive verbs. It also found out that, when the applicative affix applies to verb stem, it transitive an intransitive verb and derives a bi-transitive form from a transitive one. The work contributes to the greater understanding of applicative construction and the type of transformation involved. Similar study can be replicated in languages that are syntactically similar.
Keywords: Applicative Construction, Basà, valency, subcategorization, and transitive
THE INCIDENCE OF ASCARIS LUMBRICOIDES AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING ZARIA CLINIC AND MEDICAL CENTRE (ZCMC), ZARIA, KADUNA STATE-NIGERIA
Department of Science Laboratory Technology, School of Applied Sciences, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Kaduna State-Nigeria
Ascariasis has a worldwide distribution. It causes death, impairs the physical, mental and intellectual development thereby exerting tremendous impact on productivity of individuals especially the future leaders of tomorrow. The study achieved the following aims and objectives; to determine the effect caused by Ascaris lumbricoides on some patient attending Zaria clinic and medical centre (ZCMC) and to determine whether the incidence of Ascaris lumbricoides is increasing or decreasing. After using appropriate methods, materials and procedures the study discovered the following: The patients with the age-bracket 1-5 years have the highest incidence of Ascaris lumbricoides in the study area; The patients on 16-20 years age-bracket has the lowest incidence of Ascaris lumbricoides in the study area; On the basis of gender, the male patients have the highest incidence of Ascaris lumbricoides than their female counterparts in the study area. Based on the findings of this study, it is recommended as follows: Infected persons should be treated and adequate attention should be given to awareness, and children, parents and the general public should be educated on the mode of infection and epidemiology of the parasite; Government should provide sufficient fertilizer to farmers to avoid the use of untreated human faeces as manure; Proper hygiene should be ensured by avoiding defecation in an open field and Standard cleaned toilet should be provided in every house hold.
Keywords: Ascaris lumbricoides, Patients, Zaria, Incidence, Clinic
DISTRIBUTION AND UTILISATION OF INSECTICIDE TREATED NETS IN RELATION TO MALARIA INCIDENCE IN BAUCHI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA.
BALA SAGIR MADAKI
School of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
The study looks at the distribution and utilisation of ITNs as it affects the control of malaria in Bauchi L.G.A Household heads from seven of the twenty wards were randomly selected. Questionnaire was used for information on distribution and utilisation of ITNs from household heads to determine malaria incidence. 67.1% respondents had one or more insecticide treated nets. However, 50.2% used them. Distribution and usage by gender and age shows that more females 59.9% than the males 47% had ITNs and use them and those within the age bracket of 31-40 years old had the highest number of distribution 245 (23.3%) and usage 198 (18.9%).
ESSAY WRITING AND THE LANGUAGE OF TEXT MESSAGING
SHEHU GARBA SUNUSI
Department Of Pre-Nd And Remedial Studies, The Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The use of Mobile phones or cell phones is increasing with amazing rapidity in all the nooks and crannies of the world. This interesting development has not been without its accompanying advantages and disadvantages. Mobile phone is no doubt one of the commonest means of communication. In fact, people are attracted to it for communication needs or what can be called synchronized communication which has lessened people’s working schedule. Though this is not far from the trend of events in this era of globalization where people seek to do virtually everything through possible shortcuts. The concern of this paper is the fate of formal essay writing in this era of shortcuts. It is worrisome that this ‘shortcuts’ is finding its way into essay writing – the central and loftiest position in the lives of the students at all levels of education. This paper examines the performance of students in PEL 011 English Language, of the Pre – ND Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. Samples of students’ scripts of the (2014/2015 Academic Year), reveals and supports that the ‘shortcut’ in textism, has found its way into formal essay writing of students. This paper further to analyze this trend, and suggests ways to curb the problem at this stage.
BACTERIAL LOADS OF BEEF AND MUTTON SOLD IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS
MOHAMMED, A. 1, YARO S.S., 1 HUSSAINI N.S1., IMAM S.M2.
AND UMAR A, M3
1Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2Bauchi State Ministry of Education Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 3Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Bilyaminu Usman College of Agriculture , Hadeja, Jigawa State, Nigeria
Microbial quality of beef and mutton sold in four major markets of Bauchi metropolis was assessed in order to assist in ascertaining safety. Shops were selected from ‘’ Muda Lawal” ,Yelwa”,“ Wunti” and Gwallameji” markets. The total bacterial count was used as index of quality. A total of thirty two (32) samples were collected in two successive visits. The samples were packed and labelled in a sterile polythene bags for transportation to the laboratory. Microbial analysis was carried out immediately upon arrival under a septic condition , where aerobic plate was used in determining the microbial load. Result showed that beef and mutton from Gwallameji had the highest bacterial count of 9.065 X 105 cfu/ml and 8.325 X 105 cfu/ml for beef and mutton respectively followed by Wunti market(6.95 X 105 beef and 4.838 X 105 motton) and Muda Lawal (4.86 X 105 cfu/ml beef and 5.998 X 105 cfu/ml mutton). Yelwa had 5.175 X 105 cfu/ml and 5.30 X 105cfu/ml for beef and mutton respectively . Bacterial species isolated from the samples were Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp, Streptococcus species and Staphylococcus species. However, results obtained from all markets showed that there was no significant differences between beef and mutton in terms of microbial quality.
APPLICATION OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) IN MAPPING THE DISTRIBUTION AND MANAGEMENT OF SCHOOLS IN DASS LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BAUCHI STATE
UMAR, SHUAIBU, SANI M. J. & M. S. KARDAM
Department of Surveying and Geo-informatics, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Adopting a modern method of facilities management such as Geographic Information System (GIS) will improve the quality of teaching and learning. This study was carried out to map out and evaluate the facilities in the schools within Dass local government area of Bauchi state. The position of schools were observed and recorded using a hand held Global positioning system (GPS), questionnaires were administered to all schools, collected and analyzed. Analogue map of the study area (Dass) was converted to a digital format through scanning and digitization and subsequently geo-referenced. The positions of school were plotted and database created based on the attribute information collated. Thus, this study sees to how GIS system is applied in distribution and management of schools in Dass Local Government Area of Bauchi state. Data from the field were processed, analyzed, summarized and queried using AutoCAD 2000i, and Arc view GIS 3.2a software. A digital map showing the strategic geographical distributions (locations) of the various schools was finally produced and printed out as a product for presentation. The main discovery was that the schools in Dass are not evenly distributed and there are few schools as compared to the increasing population. And also, the schools lack the various social and infrastructural facilities as well as equipments.
Keywords: Geographic Information System (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS), Analogue, Geo-referenced.
ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF BAUCHI STATE GOVERNMENT IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL 5
Department Of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Maternal mortality is a tragedy that is prevalent in developing countries of the world and has been described as one of the major public health challenges in Nigeria. The persistent high rate of maternal mortality has attracted the global attention, in which its reduction has specifically become a part of the Millennium Development Goals, Nigeria being a member of UN has adopted MDGs in order tackle all the identified problems. In order to facilitate and fast-track the implementation of MDGs, Bauchi state Government established MDGs projects support unit and PHCDA but yet the high rate of maternal mortality in Bauchi State persists. This study focuses on the roles played by Bauchi State Government in the implementation of MDG 5, specifically it examines the adequacy of healthcare infrastructural facilities provided, Goal setting theory by Edwin Locke was adopted as a theoretical framework for the study, because its elements capture the variables under study. The study employed both the primary and secondary sources of data in gathering valid information. The primary sources include interview and observation, while secondary sources comprise of official documents from MDGs Project Support Unit and other information from PHCDA Bauchi. The study discovered that the PHC infrastructural facilities provided by Bauchi State are inadequate. Therefore, it is recommended amongst others that, the Government of Bauchi State should provide adequate infrastructural facilities in order to drastically reduce the rate of maternal mortality in the State.
Keywords: Maternal Mortality, MDGs and Implementation
AN ANALYSIS OF DISCOURSE MARKERS IN FOOTBALL COMMENTARIES.
AWORO-OKOROH JOY OGHOGHO(PHD)
Department of English, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
The importance of discourse markers lies in the theoretical questions they raise about the nature of discourse and the relationship between linguistic meaning and context. Schiffrin described discourse markers as sequentially dependent elements which bracket units of talk and Blakemore as signals of procedural meaning. This paper examined these positions as regards the use of discourse markers in football commentaries. Drawing from a corpus data of televised football commentaries comprising of African and English football commentaries, it was discovered that the discourse markers go beyond the provision of cohesive relations and possess a core meaning which aids in utterance interpretation. This paper ultimately emphasizes the necessity of inference in understanding any discourse and concludes that pragmatic inferred meaning is essential for communication.
THE ROLE OF MOTIVATION IN DETERMINING EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIAN BANKING INDUSTRY: CASE STUDY OF UNITY BANK PLC, BAUCHI.
*USMAN IBRAHIM ZWAL, **UMAR ABUBAKAR, *RAKIYA ABBA
*Department of Banking and Finance, School of Business Studies, of the Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. **Department of sociology, Bauchi State University Gadau, Bauchi Campus, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
Motivation plays vital role in determining employee performance in any organization. On increase organizations have now began to appreciate the significance of establishing an equitable balance between the employee’s contribution to the organization and the organizations contribution to the employee’s growth. Put it differently, the need for mutually benefiting relationships beneficial for both. An important aspect of establishing this balance is rewarding employees. This research represents an effort to examine factors that motivate employees towards the set organizational goals. Maslow’s, ERG, Two-way factors, and acquired need motivational theories were utilized. Personal interview strategy was employed to generate primary data while content analysis involving the utilization of journals, text books, and internet serves as the source of generating secondary data. The findings of the study suggest that certain factors have been found to be motivating factors for employee’s performance. These include Interest, rewarding pay, and appreciation of one’s effort, job security, good working condition, and the organizations consideration of one’s personal problem.
Key words: Motivation, Employee, Performance, Banking Industry, Equitable balance.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF IDENTIFIED BACTERIA IN FRESH FISH FROM GUBI DAM, BAUCHI STATE.
1HARUNA U.S., AND 1BITRUS M.YELMI
1Department of food science and technology, federal polytechnic p.m.b 0231, Bauchi
Potential spoilage organisms capable of growing and causing sufficient changes in fish to warrant it being described as spoiled have their varying origins and habitat. Fresh fish caught from the dam are assumed to be hygienic. Fresh fish samples were obtained from Gubi dam. The fish samples were weighed and halved from the head to the tail to get an even fillet distribution. The samples were blended with diluents to obtain a homogenous suspension. The diluent was used for serial dilution before cultivation and isolation. Well separated colonies were sub cultured on fresh culture and subsequently characterized. Smear was made by emulsifying small quantity of the bacteria colony in a drop of distilled water on glass slides. Gram staining was carried out and the stained slide was then examined. Biochemical tests were also carried out Micrococcus, Serratia, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus, Proteus, Bacillus, Aeromonas, Acinetobacter. ,
THE INTERTWIST BETWEEN POLITICS AND MORALITY: FORGING AN EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA
JAKE OMANG OTONKO, Ph.D
Department of Religious Studies, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria.
Many African nations are characterized by poor leadership. Despite the immense human and material resources, these nations still rank among poverty-striken countries in the globe and are labelled as ‘failed states.’ The issue is not the scarcity of resources, but poor management aimed at the common good. Thus, the gap between the few rich and many poor has continued to widen. One of the factors responsible for this is the false dichotomy between morality and politics. Indeed, morality has little or no place in the conduct of affairs. This paper proposes that viable governance cannot be achieved when morality is divorced from politics. Experience shows that immoral vices such as corruption, injustice, and other social evils associated with governance in Nigeria are responsible for the inherent failures of governance. Be that as it may, this work advanced that the voice of morality will stand out to conscientize those responsible for governance to give their subjects the best. The methodology adopted by this paper was explorative and prescriptive.
Key Words: Morality, Politics, Governance, leadership, Common Good
AN EXAMINATION OF PREPOSITIONAL ERRORS AMONG HAUSA LEARNERS OF ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE
IBRAHIM AUWAL AMBA
Department of English, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Itas-Gadau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
Studies in the use of prepositions among language users have shown that the English preposition is one of the most difficult parts of speech. It poses a great deal of difficulty to users/learners of English, especially the second language users/learners. The difficulty in prepositional usage cuts across both simple and complex prepositions. This research was embarked upon to examine the prepositional usage in selected scripts of Hausa students of English as a Second Language using the model of Error analysis. The model suggests that errors in second language usage occur as a result of incompetent knowledge of the target language. The researcher randomly selects ten (scripts) from the written essays of 20 speakers of Hausa as a mother-tongue in a multilingual class of 100 learners of English as a second language. The study discovered that Hausa learners of English as a second language commit errors in their use of prepositions. And these errors are mostly committed as a result of mother tongue interference. The study recommended among others that: 1. Students should be encouraged to read current text books in English grammar. 2. Writing should be given more emphasis in the school curriculum. 3. English language teachers in school and colleges should be organizing essay competitions for students in order to improve their writing skills. 4. Mother-tongue influence can be overcome through constant practice of such areas of students’ weakness as prepositions
EMERGING ISSUES IN BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM JATROPHA: A REVIEW
ATANU, S.O AND ABODENYI,V.A
Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Biofuels have been part of the energy discussions for decades. However, over the past few years, discussion and action has increased with rises in crude oil prices. Apart from rising crude oil prices, the use of edible feedstock for biodiesel production has raised a number of economic and food security concerns. There are a number of emerging issues for the increased interest in biodiesel production even when subsidies are needed to make them commercially viable. These include food security, energy security, energy balance, trade balances, rural development and income generation, improved livelihood, production diversification, better air quality and expansion of agricultural frontiers. The use of jatropha as feedstock has initiated many concerns, most of which have great potential benefits to rural livelihoods and environmental cleanliness. This paper discusses some of the emerging issues from biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas oil.
Keywords: Biodiesel, Jatropha, production, feedstock and Emerging issues.
AN IMPROVED MODEL FOR DRUG INVENTORY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
ABBAS UMAR FAROUK AND HASSAN KAWU AHMED
Mathematics and Statistics Department, School of Science and Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
Inventory management practices if correctly applied in Public Health Institutions can contribute greatly in maintaining the availability if essential drugs in public health institutions. A number of studies have been carried out in the field of Management targeting different industries but very limited studies have focused on the availability of drugs in public health institutions in general or in a particular Bauchi State DMMA. This study therefore aimed at reframing the Inventory System of DMMA so as to achieved sufficient supplies adherence to consumption for the General Hospitals in the state. The contextual analysis were shown that there are some factors that have a strong influence and attributed to constrain on the inventory management system of DMMA. Amongst factors, inability of DMMA supplies to adhere or positively and strongly response to the facilities (General Hospitals) orders, is the main factor. Therefore there is need of the Agency to strengthen their inventory system to meet the standard.