RE-AFFIRMING AFRICAN COMMITMENTS IN UNCOMMON DISCOVERIES AND BREAKTHROUGH: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS.
NOVEMBER 10, 2015
University Assembly Hall, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Itas-Gadau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
AN EXAMINATION OF ADVERTISING TECHNIQUES OF ESTATE MANAGEMENT SERVICES IN BAUCHI, NIGERIA.
*ILEKOIN OLUTOBA AYODELE¹ **ADEYINKA AFOLABI TAOFEEK²
*Estate Management Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria **Mass Communication Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This paper examined the different modus operandi that estate managers employ to advertise their services. Five advertising techniques were identified: Bill board, Internet, Hand bill, Networking and news paper. The paper examined the concept of advertisement and different types of advertisements. Concept of estate management and functions of estate management was also examined by the paper .Questionnaires were administered and analyzed, the result showed that net working is mainly the most importance method of advertising estate management services, this is trailed by hand bill and then bill board. Internet and news paper as means of advertising estate management services have modest effect in Bauchi, Nigeria.\
Keywords: Advertisement, Estate Management, Land , Right, Interest
CONTROL AND CONTROL SYSTEMS OF ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA
INUWA ABDU IBRAHIM & HALILU BABAJI
Public officials are required to posses certain values to adequately protect public interest, by being leaders that are servants of the people. The reality in Nigeria is leaders rule as masters of the people rather than servants. The paper looked at control and control systems of administration in Nigeria, its resultant consequences and ways of achieving true control of administrators and administration. Secondary source of data was adopted for the research. It concludes that the keys to administrative efficiency and effectiveness through control are implementation of the already existing procedures and laws, as well as commitment on the part of public officials.
Keywords: Accountability, Fraud, Administration, Nigeria.
LIQUIDITY RISK AND PERFORMANCE OF LISTED DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS IN NIGERIA
Department of Business Education, Federal College of Education, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
Historically, Liquidity risk has played a vital role in most of the banking crisis. Failure of banks’ operations is connected in one way or the other to poor liquidity management. This study examines the impact of liquidity risk on net interest margin of listed deposit money banks in Nigeria. The study applies longitudinal panel data regression to analyse the relationship between the dependent variable, net interest margin and the independent variables liquidity risk of the sampled banks. Furthermore, the study utilised secondary data extracted from the financial statements of the banks over an 8 year period from 2007 to 2014. The result of the GLS fixed regression provides evidence that liquidity risk has no significant impact on net interest margin of listed sampled deposit money banks in Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study recommends among others that the apex bank should provide incentive to ensure a competitive banking environment that will motivate banks to manage their liquidity risk.
GENDER DIFFERENTIALS IN IGBO SOCIETY: THE CASE OF CHINUA ACHEBE’S THINGS FALL APART
IJAH GIDEON AKASE
Department of French, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
Gender differentials is a common phenomena in African Society. In this paper we have tried to examine the levels of gender differentials in both the traditional Igbo society and in the contemporary Igbo society. In the analysis that follow shows that we had a higher level of differentials in the traditional setting than we now have in this contemporary period. The reason is that the irrational approach to the gender question is fast obliterating the differentiation that should exist between the male and the female.By gender differentials , we mean the level of awareness, appreciation of the need to maintain at reasonable levels the gender sensitivity between the male and female. It is true to some extent that what a man can do, the woman can equally do, but it is not expedient that women should insist on doing everything the man does even at the expense of nature’s assigned honorific roles of wifehood and motherhood. At the same time we stress that all the rustic are atavistic male chauvinistic character of domination, oppression and marginalization must be done away with. Other wise, when gender differentiations are completely obliterated, gender sensitivity will also disappear with it. This will lead to some un-naturalness. To remain gender sensitive, we have to keep the gender peculiarities in focus to a reasonable limit.
ONENESS OF ALLAH (S.W.T) AND PROPHETHOOD OF MUHAMMAD (S.A.W) IN THE BIBLE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY
UMAR MUHAMMAD BAGAN
- D. Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The Paper aimed to search the Oneness of Allah (S.W.T) and Prophet hood of Muhammad (S.A.W) from the two Holy Scriptures constituting the Old and New Testaments of the Holy Bible. The paper was conducted through comparison method to trace Islamic testimony in the Bible. The research found out that, there is Oneness of Allah (S.W.T) and Prophet hood of Muhammad (S.A.W) in the Old Testament (Allah is one and He is worthy of worship, and a promise prophet like Moses is none but Muhammad S.A.W). And the teaching of Jesus and His apostles in the New Testament show that the God worthy of worship is One and Only (Allah). And the doctrine of trinity is later development after the writing of the New Testament. The “Comforter or Paraclete” prophesied in the Gospel of John is none other than Muhammad (S.A.W.). Finally, the paper calls on all Jews and Christians to carefully study the Bible and put in practise what is in the Bible concerning the Oneness of God Almighty (S.W.T) and prophet hood of Muhammad (S.A.W), as in the religion of Islam, and to come and join the right path which is Islam. .
KeyWords: Oneness, Prophethood, Bible, Comparative & Study.
SIMILAR THOUGHTS, DIFFERENT CODES: A COMPARATIVE PRAGMATIC STUDY OF SELECTED YORÙBÁ AND BÀSÀ PROVERBS
*RAHIM KAJOGBOLA OMOLOSO & **PHILIP MANDA IMOH
*Department of Languages,, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin, Nigeria, **Department of Languages and Linguistics, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria.
The goal of linguistic communication is to facilitate mutual understanding at all levels of human interaction. However, this very important function of language often fails, leading to interpersonal, inter-communal or even international conflicts. Coming to terms with how people understand or misunderstand one another could help in reducing social conflicts. Nigeria, like most countries in the world, is a multilingual and multi-ethnic country. This has serious implications for inter-ethnic and inter-lingual understanding, co-operation and peaceful co-existence among its people. The fact that we speak different languages appears to have obliterated the point that as humans, we share in common quite a lot of basic thoughts and experiences which constitute our cultural essence, and which are sufficient to form the bases for mutual understanding and peaceful co-existence among us. One area of language use which demonstrates this pungently is proverbs. If we take the pain to study the proverbs in different languages, we would discover that they express the same or similar thoughts, feelings and experiences. To support this view, we randomly selected twenty Yorùbá and twenty Bàsà proverbs, arranged in pairs on the basis of the similarity of their literal meanings, and subjected them to a pragmatic analysis. Yorùbá and Bàsà are two Nigerian languages located in South-west and North-central Nigeria, respectively. Geographically, the two languages do not share common boundaries. The study revealed that the selected pairs of proverbs perform similar pragmatic functions. They have similar syntactic forms, perform similar speech acts and require similar sets of pragmatic principles to be fully decoded. The paper thus concluded that an understanding of the proverbs of different languages could open the gateway to the understanding of the speakers’ culture and belief systems and pave the way for the understanding of the speakers themselves. This, the paper believed, would promote mutual understanding and peaceful co-existence among people of diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds and help to promote world peace.
Keywords: linguistic, communication, pragmatics, Yorùbá, Bàsà
TEACHING USE OF LIBRARY IN NIGERIAN POLYTECHNICS– WHAT IMPACT? A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, BAUCHI.
IBRAHIM USMAN, BALA, SULEIMAN ABDUL, ABDULAZIZ SULE MOHAMMED AND SUNDAY HASSAN MAILABARI
Muhammadu Wabi Library, Federal Polytechnic, P.M.B. 0231, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The paper examines teaching Use of Library in Nigerian polytechnics what Impact: A case study of Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. The objectives of the study were to ascertain the impact of teaching Use of Library, identify the availability of materials in teaching Use of Library and find out the infrastructure of teaching Use of Library. The survey research method was employed and questionnaire was the main instrument utilized for data collection. The population sample covered all the departments in the institution via library users. Out of 200 copies of the questionnaires administered, 182 were returned in a usable manner. The result of the analysis showed that 39% respondents have impact of independent learning and research, 27% respondents understand and appreciate role of library in education, 32% respondents have developed that habit of reading as a result of teaching Use of Library. The major findings of the study were teaching Use of Library have great impact in the students. However, students used only lecture notes for the course and in appropriate allocation by lectures classroom. Recommendations were made with the view to enhance the teaching Use of Library in the institution effectively and efficiently.
ASSESSMENT OF TOURISM OPPORTUNITIES IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
SANUSI, A.S. & DONATUS, E. A.
Department of Leisure and Tourism Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi,
Bauchi State, Nigeria
Tourism resources that abound in a destination area are essential in attracting both tourists and investors alike, hence, the need to harness them and support the sector to prosper. The tourism destinations and attraction centers seem to be decaying over time as a result of improper management and marketing of the resources. In this study, the paper focused on “Assessment of tourism opportunities in Bauchi state, Nigeria”. It specifically sought to identify the available tourism resources in the state which comprised of historical resort and safari, game reserve, and recreation centers among others; and their prospects towards investment; also, determine sectors that attract more investment and ascertained problems associated with tourism development. It is expected that the study could help in creating awareness on the benefits derivable from the sector. The main question was the level of utilization of tourism resources in Bauchi state. Data was obtained through quantitative method; questionnaires were administered on twenty respondents drawn from the public and private organizations to obtain relevant information. Field observation was conducted for further authentication of data. Descriptive statistics was employed to analyze information gathered. 100 percent of responses agreed that Bauchi state has abundant tourism resources and 80 percent believed to some extent they are accessible to visitors. But, many respondents stated that the state derived little benefit due to under-utilization of the tourism resources, inadequate facilities for tourism activities, lack of awareness, and poor management are among major concerns. However, the hospitality sector attracted attention of private practitioners, while few destinations experience patronage periodically; many others require government commitment to attract investors and develop the industry. There has been little effort done in identifying the tourism resources that attract investment in Bauchi state; as a base for local and foreign interests that could make it more functional and pull more visitors. Some destination areas are still virgin because of limited funds to develop the attractions. More need to be done on them. Therefore, the current research is timely as it seeks to understand the role of existing tourism opportunities in attracting investors and tourists.
Keywords: Tourism, Opportunities, Resources, Investment, Bauchi state
NEOLIBERALISM, MASS PROTESTS AND CHANGE: THE POSSIBILITY OF ANOTHER WORLD
*ADAMS YAHAYA ATATA, AND **HARUNA UMAR GODOWOLI
*Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State. **Registry, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria
The preponderant failure in governance occasioned by the adoption of neoliberal policies among the less developed states, as exemplified by the immanent contradiction of underdevelopment and increasing declension in the quality of the hitherto inadequate government services and reactions so generated by the aggrieved citizens is the main concern of this paper titled: Neo-liberalism, Mass Protests and Change: the Possibility of another World. The paper deals with the origin and nature of neoliberal ideology, the benefit and the trappings inherent in it, as well as the implication of its adoption on the political–economy of the developing world and what it translates into for the common man. It is a compendium of increasing reactions of the once – passive downtrodden to the betrayal of trust and violation of social contracts. Drawing lesson and experiences from global waves of occupy protests, this work is situated on Marxist/Instrumentalist Perspective and African Socialist Perspective.
Keywords: governance, neoliberal policies, underdevelopment, mass protest, change, class consciousness.
UNITY AND BROTHERHOOD IN ISLAM
SA’ID ABUBAKAR AHMAD LADAN
- D. Rufa’i College For Legal And Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This is a paper that concentrated well on unity and brotherhood in Islam. The literal and technical meanings of the unity and brotherhood were well explained. Detailed explanation were also given and backed up by verses from the holy Qur’an and the tradition of the prophet (PBUH). The unity and brotherhood discussed in this article did not only put emphasis in the unity of Izala, Tariika, Shi’ah and so on, but also the unity of other sects found in other parts of the world. The importance of unity was also discussed as something that is loved by Allah (SWT) and as something that strengthen the Muslims. The conclusion to this article remorsefully discussed on the conflicts that took place and is still taking place among Muslims all as a result of poor brotherhood. These conflicts could either be led by the enemies of Islam supported by neighbouring Islamic countries as is taking place in Palestine led by Israel supported by neighbouring Islamic countries to Palestine; or led by the Muslims themselves and supported by other enemies of Islam as is taking place in Yemen led by Saudi Arabia and supported by other western countries like America. The final aspect of the article is the formal suggestion on the best things to do to bring unity and strengthen brotherhood among Muslims.
PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND SENSORY QUALITIES OF BISCUITS PRODUCED FROM BLENDS OF WHEAT, MILLET AND SELECTED LEGUMES
BITRUS M.Y1. IRO NKAMA2, ANAYA J. G1. ONUOHA O.G1, U. S. HARUNA1
1.Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi (Nigeria) 2.Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Nigeria Nsukka (Nigeria)
The study investigated the physicochemical and sensory qualities of biscuit produced from blends of wheat (W), Millet (M) and Selected legumes (Bambaranut, Soybean, Cowpea and groundnut). Formulations were done on the wheat to millet ration as 40:30 and 50:30 and these were compensated with the legumes at 70:30 and 80:20 cereal to legume respectively. Biscuit was baked from 100% wheat flour to serve as the control. Physical properties of the biscuit investigated were the particle size, spread ration and break strength proximate composition of biscuits was investigated to determine the moisture content, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, carbohydrate and ash content. Sensory evaluation was investigated to determine the acceptability of the products. Particle size analysis showed most of the flour bends retained at sieve size greater them 150µ. While the 100% wheat flour was retained on sieve 150µ. Spread ration of the biscuits rouge from 5.84± 0.3 to 7.80± 0.6 breakstrength range from 1.42± 0.1 to 1.83± 0.1. Proximate composition showed protein range from 10.97 to 20.63 the sensory evaluation showed no significant difference (P³0.05) between the samples showing the products having the potential to be accepted as a commercial product.
Keywords: Physicochemical, Sensory, Particle size, break strength, bambaragroundnut