RE-AFFIRMING AFRICAN COMMITMENTS IN UNCOMMON DISCOVERIES AND BREAKTHROUGH: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS.
NOVEMBER 10, 2015
University Assembly Hall, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Itas-Gadau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
AN ASSESSMENT OF TEACHING METHODS USED IN TEACHING SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL ISLAMIC STUDIES IN MISAU ZONE EDUCATION OFFICE OF BAUCHI STATE.
School of Remedial and Continuing Education, Sorce, A.D.Rufa’i College for Legal And Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State.
The study is a typical survey which assesses the teaching methods used in teaching Senior Secondary School Islamic studies in Misau Zone Education Office, (MZEO), of Bauchi state. Thirty six teachers were randomly selected from the fifteen Senior Secondary Schools of the zone. The objectives of the study are to assess the teaching methods mostly employed by the teachers and students’ participation in the teaching/learning process. A self designed Islamic Studies Methodology Classroom Observation Checklist, (ISMCOC), was used to gather data for the study and simple percentage was used to analyze the data collected. The findings indicate that presentation method which comprises lecture method and storytelling was the mostly employed teaching method by the teachers and there was low level of students’ active participation in the teaching/learning process. Even though the study unveils that there is good student-teacher relationship and the teachers do allow their students to ask questions. Based on the findings, the study recommends that there is need for serious training and re-training of teachers in form of in-service, seminars, workshops on how to select and employ different teaching methods and the teachers should be inviting students’ active participation through soliciting their students inputs; adequate reinforcement of their responses; giving group classwork, group assignment, encouraging and inviting the students for classroom discussions.
Keywords: Assessment, teaching methods/strategies, Senior Secondary School, (SSS), Islamic studies, active participation.
ANATOMY OF SUCCESS AND FAILURE: A STUDY IN JERRY AGADA`S THE SUCCESSORS
SHUAIBU RAMAT SULE, BAMANGA ALIYU, VIKA AKAFA
General Studies Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bali, Taraba State, Nigeria.
Literature is a product of man`s imagination with its matrix in human life and circumstances. Literature sheds light on issues that affect man in his environment. The goal is to engender societal transformation. Passion and ideas such as love, kindness, hatred, greed, success, failure, justice, courage, betrayal and many more are concepts that literature normally explore. Jerry Agada is a towering contemporary Nigerian writer whose novel The Successors mainly explores the notions of success and failure, critical issues in the life of man and society. This paper highlights the writer`s construction of man`s prosperity or failure as a confluence or absence of ambition, hard-work, discipline and responsibility in the novel.
Keywords: success, failure, ambition, responsibility, discipline, extremism.
A SPEECH ACT ANALYSIS OF DAILY TRUST NEWSPAPER HEADLINE REPORTS ON BOKO HARAM ATTACKS
*TIJJANI SALEH ABBA, **IDRIS A. OLAKUNLE AND ***NASIRY MUSA
Yobe State College of Agriculture, Gujba, Yobe State, Nigeria. **Katsina State College of Agriculture, Katsina State, Nigeria. ***Gombe State Federal College of Horticulture, Gombe State, Nigeria
Boko Haram has become a national crisis which draws the attention of not only Nigerians, but also that of other countries. As a result, the front pages of almost all national media, particularly newspapers, carry headlines in different forms and styles, reporting any instance of the insurgents’ attacks in the northern part of the country. These headlines, in performing various linguistic functions, constitute area of language use because people’s ideas, perceptions and receptions on what boko haram is and their nefarious activities, are shaped by the language items used in the media headlines. This research studies newspaper headline reports on Boko Haram attacks in Daily Trust, with a view to identifying the types of speech acts used in the headlines, the predominant speech act used as well as their implication to language use in the newspaper media. Thirty six headlines are selected from the Daily Trust newspapers by purposeful random sampling and each is assigned a corresponding speech act category. The findings reveals that out of the five speech act categories of J.R. Searle (1969) which is used as the theoretical framework of the research, only three categories are used in all the headlines in the newspaper with the assertive as the dominant speech act type. The study suggests the conclusion that headlines on news services aim at largely giving information to the public. Therefore, concludes that the headline reports of the Daily Trust newspapers are not aimed at threatening, frightening or advising as wrongly perceived by readers,
Keywords: Speech Acts, Pragmatic implications, Boko Haram Attacks, Newspaper Headlines
L’ENSEIGNEMENT COMMUNICATIF EN CLASSE DE FRANÇAIS LANGUE ETRANGERE (FLE).
(MRS) DINATU IWALA
Department of French, Nasarawa state University, Keffi, Nigeria.
Certains Universités enseignent l’année préliminaire dans leurs Universités pour préparer les étudiants pour leurs licences. Les enseignants qui enseignent ces étudiants peuvent utiliser la méthode Communicative pour assurer la communication en classe de FLE. De ce fait, nous avons jugé nécessaire de proposer la méthode adéquate pour enseigner ce niveau car les étudiants de ce niveau sont les débutants. Dans ce travail nous expliquer pourquoi et comment centrer l’enseignement aux apprenants. Nous proposerons comment utiliser la poésie en classe de FLE.
DEVELOPMENTAL ACTIVITIES AND THE EIA; A CASE STUDY OF YANKARI GAME RESERVE IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
1BALA SAGIR MADAKI AND 2SARAUTA, A
1School Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria 2Environmental Management Technology Programme, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University P. M. B 0248 Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This study aimed at appraising to what extent the development effort going on in the Yankari Game Reserve gave attention to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) conducted in Ensuring Sustainable Development of the Game Reserve. Data were obtained using Questionnaire, compliance assessment, review of EIA report etc. Respondents were selected randomly within the game reserve. The results show that about 50% of proposed mitigation measures stipulate in the EIA report was not complied with. Some non-compliance include non-fencing the Wikki camp as stipulated in the EIA report, use of cable taxi from reception to Wikki warm spring etc. It is recommended that, there be more effort by management and Bauchi State Government to provide enough funds that will help to achieve a sound sustainable growth.
Keywords: Sustainable Development; Yankari; Mitigation; Non-Compliance; Funding; EIA
INSURGENCY AND COLONIAL DOCTRINE IN WEST ASIA, NORTH AND WEST AFRICA (WANWA)
HALILU BABAJI, ADAMU BUBA AND INUWA ABDU IBRAHIM
Political tension and environmental scarcity in the West Asia, North and West Africa (WANWA) give rise to the diffusion of arms, while longstanding migratory patterns facilitate their transfer across national borders. Arms are used both by government forces (military and police) and by non-state actors (guerrillas, ethnic militias, self-defence units, violent criminals etc) that engaged in conflicts against each other or against the state, or in violent criminal activities. The old doctrine of Divide & Rule seems more prevalent across Africa, resurging again in West Asia and extended towards broader South Asia particularly in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The division of Sudan on the name of religion (Islam-Christian), Congo on the name of tribalism and an effort to divide Somalia, Nigeria and Morocco on the name of tribalism in Africa and Syria and Iraq through Shia-Sunni in West Asia comes under this old colonial doctrine.
Keywords– Insurgency, Colonialism and Doctrine
CONVECTION OF RHETORICAL PHRASING STYLES OF IBRAHIM JALO’S POEM
الـمحاضر بكلية أحـمد الرفاعي للقانون والدراسات الإسلامية ,ميسو ولاية بوتشي
College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State-Nigeria
This research constituted with the convection of rhetorical phrasing styles of Ibrahim Jalo’s poem, it has been built solidify under the umbrella of four chapters. The first and foremost chapter clearly try to geographically brings out the name of the poeter, his nickname, and even his date of birth (1969), more over, the migration of his (poetry) family to the place called Jalingo, where the pouter been brought up under the care of his parent and the major spoken language wars Fulfulde our grate pouter was lasted with twenty nine(29) children by Allah been bored through his four wives. it is father even was a great scholar of whom Ibrahim Jalo was tough under his father’s care and his elder brother simultaneously. at the age of eleven(11 years) he memorized the Holy Qur’an and proceed to Suwanga College of Arabic language secondary school where he obtained his certificate in Arabic language and Islamic studies in the year 1987. With the result obtained he was admitted into Islamic university at Madina (Saudi Arabiya) after ten consecutive years graduated with a bachelor master’s and doctorate degrees all in Islamic jurisprudence. The second chapter expands more and made mention on poet’s superficial phrasing style on poetry. Then third chapter discussed more on the wonderful phrases which analyze three things that complete a statement full of wisdom. This is by using similar words that has different meaning, fishing out word from someone and use it wisely, open an analysis that were been constructed in his poems. The last but not the least chapter, the research tired as much as possible to expand up to the level of citing some wonderful words in the poem like Debak, Muqabala and Husun ta’lil and finally, the researcher analyzed the above mentioned phrases for the benefit and clear under standing to those reading the poetry the poet’s educational biography and the wisdom behind his famous poetry.
ISLAM IN EKPERI LAND ETSAKO CENTRAL L.G.A. EDO STATE, PROBLEM AND SOLUTIONS
SA’ID ABUBAKAR AHMAD LADAN
- D. Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Ekperi clan is one of the clans in Etsako in Edo State of Nigeria. Islam was first brought to the area by Muslim traders from Bida around the second half of the 19th century. Christianity came to the area later through Christian missionaries. Islam faces the problem of having frequent and constant apostates, especially in the Ekperi clan. The major causes of apostasy in Ekperi clan are: lack of basic Islamic knowledge, misconception of Islam as foreign culture, effects of traditional religion and culture and effects of Christianity. The seriousness of the case of apostasy in Ekperi clan is such that there is hardly a Muslim home without the case of apostasy in the clan! The viable solution is to educate the whole people of the clan, their children and adults, their males and females. This can effectively be achieved by giving the children of the area firm grass-root of Islamic education from nursery to primary to secondary school level of education. Basic Islamic knowledge should be the priority in these schools, and Comparative Religious courses should be included in the schools’ curricula. The adults of the clan should be basically educated by establishing Islamic Adult Education classes. All these schools should be established and operated under the National Policy of Education and under the National Education System. Other methods to be adopted for educating the people of the clan should be public preaching at mosques and in open public places in accordance with laid down rules and regulations. Other methods include organizing public debates between Muslim scholars and Christian scholars with the aim of addressing misconceptions and establishing the truth publically and cordially, Also, Muslim Non-governmental Organizations should come to the aid of the people of the area by providing financial assistances for establishing and running such schools and programs.
Keywords: Islam, Ekperi, land, Problem, Solutions
MAINSTREAMING THE NIGERIAN ENVIRONMENT: – THE ROLE OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS
ENGR. GANA A.J
Civil Engineering Department, College of science and Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State.
The Environment is the dwelling place where both man and Animals dwell. It is the gift by the creator of all universes, which is to be kept clean for habitation by man. The several activities by man on the Environment has not only damage the environment; but has also upset its actual image by the creator. This paper Examines mainstreaming of the Nigerian Environment, it’s quality, Environmental Engineering and practices, Environmental Planning; challenges facing Nigerian Environment, Environmental Management, Role of Environmental Engineers, Engineering measures for Tackling Environmental problems in Nigeria and the way forward.
Keywords: – Mainstreaming, Nigerian Environment, Role, Environmental, Engineers.
POSSIBILITY FOR A MUSLIM MARRIED WOMAN TO ACQUIRE ADVANCED LEVEL OF SECULAR EDUCATION
UMAR MUHAMMAD BAGAN
- D. Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies Misau, Bauchi State
The paper was on possibility for a Muslim married woman to acquire advanced level of secular education. The issue of marriage – especially early marriage – and pursuance of education is of utmost universal concern. The paper aimed at seeing possibility for a Muslim married woman for acquiring secular education. The research was conducted through investigation Method to trace out possibility for a Muslim married woman of acquiring education. The research paper finds out that, Islam has ruled that pursuance of knowledge in general is an obligation upon both males and females. That Marriage in itself does not prevent Muslim married woman from acquiring education be it early marriage or not. Knowledge is sought from early age to the end of days. Thus Islam allows married women to pursue education both religious and secular provided there is mutual understanding between the married woman and her husband and the woman would not violate religious injunctions concerning her marriage. The actual factors that could prevent Muslim married woman from pursuing education are circumstantial and solvable. Also, in the case of institutions where there exists gross moral corruption, girls of age and women are recommended to marry first before embarking on higher education as a substantial measure against such moral corruption. Thus, there exists no barrier to pursuance of education by Muslim married woman without solution. Finally, the research paper calls upon parents and husbands to support their daughters and wives, both married and unmarried, financially and morally to pursue education in different fields into higher levels of learning.
Keywords: Possibility, Muslim married woman, Acquire, Advanced Level & Secular Education.
POSTCOLONIAL FEMINISM IN ANTHILLS OF THE SAVANNAH
IJAH GIDEON AKASE, PHD
Department of French, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
Chinua Achebe’s Anthills of the Savannah and Yvonne Vera’s Nehanda, though separated by country, culture, style, topic and gender of the author, both deal in differing ways with the question of the restoration of women in postcolonial visions of Africa’s past, present and future. Both novels present strong, central female characters who serve as sources of passion and inspiration, though Achebe’s Beatrice and Vera’s Nehanda are extremely different. Although both author’s are clearly interested in rethinking women’s roles in their respective countries, their individual styles and histories suggest clearly delineated goals for their presentations. These differences raise numerous questions regarding intention, location, and successful interpretation of postcolonial feminist theory. They also frame their narratives in such a way that they begin to highlight the essential relationship between the postcolonial independence and gender equality.
TRADITIONAL AFRICAN CULTURE: PROSPECT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA
EMMANUEL C. IBOBOR
Faculty of General Studies, Federal University, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria
To say that development beckons on Africa is no longer an issue. But the way to go about it has remained a great challenge needed to be addressed. Although several attempt aimed at addressing the trend from a traditional African cultural perspective had been advocated. This has been criticized owing to the fact which most African and non-African scholars hold from a sociological cum anthropological perception of tradition with respect to traditional African culture in relation to their beliefs, worldviews and lived experiences are often considered as agrarian, pre-scientific, resistant to change and innovation and bounded by the perception of its past considered as ancient, antiquity or old-fashioned. And in contrast to this is ‘modernism’ or ‘modernity’ considered as scientific, innovative, culturally dynamic, futuristic and industrially urbanized. But while the former is predominantly African, the latter is Western according to Kwasi Wiredu who held strongly to the latter’s view and opposed to the former which is besieged with ‘three complaints (evils) that can affect a society’, hence his call to ‘modernize using Western science’ as a paradigm shift. This paper therefore takes into cognizance the role which Traditional African culture plays in the quest for development particularly in Africa and the world in general with explication on ‘De-Africanisation’ and ‘Re-Africanisation’ approaches as measures aimed at addressing the developmental challenge facing Africa. It also highlights the draw backs associated with ‘De-Africanisation’ and ‘Re-Africanisation’ approaches as well as Oladipo’s ‘cultural syncretism’ with its essential features and the need for cultural transformation as a panacea to sustainable development in Africa.
Keywords: Africa, Culture, Development, De-Africanisation’ and Re-Africanisation.