African Scholar Journal of African Sustainable Development (AJASD) (April 2018 Edition)


African Journal of African Sustainable Development

Vol.9, No.7, ISSN 2115-4255 (April 2018, Edition)



Published by:

African Scholar Publications and Research International,

Centre for African Studies, University of Ibadan, PO Box 10108, U.I. Post Office, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria – West Africa.

E-mail: africanscholarpublications@gmail.com

Copyright © 2017 African Scholar Publications and Research International.

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PAPERS:

STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: LENS OF COMPUTER SELF-EFFICACY AND TECHNOLOGY INTEGRATION

1MOHAMMED MUSA BAYERO, 2AHMED ABUBAKAR AND 3ISAH YAHAYA ALIYU

1&2Federal University Kashere, Nigeria 3Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

High students’ academic performance remains the major concern of governments, educational administrators as well as parents on individual and collective basis. This study examined the effect of computer self-efficacy and technology integration on students’ academic performance. The theoretical consideration was grounded on Martin Ford‘s motivational system theory. Cross-sectional survey design was adopted and the units of analysis were undergraduate students of six federal universities in North-East Nigeria. Stratified random sampling was employed to collect data from 461 students where each stratum was apportioned questionnaires proportionate to its size in relation to other strata. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse data using SPSS for windows, version 20 and STATA 14. Hierarchical regression was used for data analysis. The findings of the study revealed that computer self-efficacy and technology integration are related to and have significant positive effect on student‘s academic performance individually and collectively. University managements as well as the Federal government should provide students with information and communication technologies that are critical to improving academic performance. These ICTs include computer hardware and specialized academic software platforms, free wireless Internet access, access to online academic libraries and databases that will make them productive before and after graduation.

Keywords: Students’ Academic Performance, Computer Self Efficacy, Technology Integration

 

 

COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES OF THE BABBAN GWANI ARCHITECTURE AND THE FIRST MINING BEACON TO REVAMP TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN BAUCHI

1ODETOYE ADEOLA SUNDAY 2OGWUCHE HENRY AUDU 3KABIRU ZAKARI 4OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED

1Department of Architecture, Ladoke Akintola University, Ogbomosho, Oyo State 2,3&4Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi

ABSTRACT

This work showcases comparative advantages of the Babban Gwani architecture and the first mining beacon to revamp tourism in Bauchi. Bauchi state is home to the Yankari Game Reserve, first tin mining beacon, rock paintings at Geji and Shira, the state museum, Babban Gwani architecture and among others. It is also one of the thirty-six political administrative states in Nigeria offering good opportunity for human settlement due to its peaceful atmosphere with less security challenges, attractive terrain and adequate market for tourism business to thrive. The study areas under investigation further discusses issues of immense contribution to tourism development potentials. Hence, the contribution of this work can never be over estimated as the results and findings were all relevant to professionals and other future possibilities in terms of attainment of tourism and opportunities in sustainable built environment. It has been recommended that government should strictly enforce the law that promotes tourism towards the attainment of sustainability in the economy using the two selected architectural monument sites in Bauchi.

Keywords: Development, government, market, sustainability, tourism

 

 

APPLICATION OF GEOELECTRIC RESISTIVITY IN DETERMINING BASEMENT ROCK TOPOGRAPHY AND GROUNDWATER FLOW PATTERN IN A LOCATION IN NORTH-WEST, NIGERIA

ULORI O.O1, SALEH M.M2 AKIANG B.F3, OMBU E.R4, IKIRIGO J5

1, 3, 4, 5 Department of Physics with Electronics, Federal Polytechnic Ekowe, Bayelsa, Nigeria 2Department of Physics, Bayero University Kano

ABSTRACT

Apparent resistivity data was acquired from the study area using vertical electrical sounding technique about square grid of 100m. The area is located between Latitude N to Latitude N and Longitude E to Longitude. The collected data were analyzed using IP12WIN, Surfer. The study enabled us to generate graphical display of the basement rock topography and groundwater flow pattern in the study area. Review of past borehole data about the study area showed that the drilling companies emphasized cost above quality in their work hence did not drill deep enough. The maximum drilling depth of boreholes within the investigation area was 42.0m. However, this study, based on the acquired data analysis, recommended for drilling depth of about 50.0 to 70.0m and in addition identified locations of possible higher yield. Thus this study will consequently help in optimized citing of viable boreholes in arid location of the study area that has always experienced perennial water shortages especially during the dry season.

Keywords: Apparent Resistivity, Sounding, Basement Rock, Groundwater, Schlumberger Array.

 

 

Appraisal OF EFFICACY OF Constitutional Entrenchment OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS IN NIGERIA UNDER DEMOCRATIC DISPENSATION BETWEEN 1999 and 2017.

ANIEKAN J. MENDIE (LL.M)

Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.

abstract

The idea tenaciously held and practiced by the British Colonialists was that Nigeria as a colonized and amalgamated people was not entitle to right to self- determination; self-rule, a significant specie in the package of human rights. Under British imperialism, the colonized were to be perpetually subjugated under the suffocating yoke of colonial domination; degraded below the level of claimants of human rights; including right to self-determination. The colonial idea inter-alia, undoubtedly accounts for why no mention of entrenchment and guarantee of human rights was made in the colonial constitutions operated in the pre-independent Nigeria. Findings attest that consistent agitations against the evils of colonialism by Nigerian legal and political elites engendered political independence for Nigeria and the inclusion of fundamental rights for the first time in a constitutive instrument which was later known as the Nigerian Independence Constitution, 1960. Thus, the original rationale for inclusion of human rights as “fundamental rights” in the Constitution of Nigeria, beginning from 1960 was to sustain right to self-determination for Nigeria; and right of the Nigerian minorities to freely participate in their own country’s affairs without fear of domination by the ethnic majorities of the Hausa/Fulani, Yoruba and Igbo. Since Independence Constitution of 1960, fundamental rights have enjoyed repeated and consistent entrenchment in Nigerian constitutions including the present operational Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 as amended. Another reason for the consistent constitutionalization of these basic rights was to provide safe-guard for individuals’ rights and institute a bulwark against thoughtless infringements of the rights by government or its agencies or any individual in the country. This paper incidentally interrogates the efficacy of consistent constitutional entrenchment of the rights in Nigeria; and submits that the entrenchment is nothing but a mere paper work as the entrenched rights are observed more in the breach even in recent times when Nigeria is even boasting of running a democratic dispensation. The paper offers examples of incidences of flagrant violation of the rights to drive home its position on the gloomy state of the rights in Nigeria. The paper also explores statutory sources, judicial precedents, legal texts and journals to develop its substantive body and recommends observance of, and respect for the rights beyond mere stipulation in the Constitution.

Key Words: Fundamental Rights, Constitutional Entrenchment, Efficacy, Nigeria.

 

 

RECONCILIATION AS A PLATFORM FOR PEACEFUL CO-EXISTENCE AMONG AGGRIEVED PERSONS, ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS

*MUHAMMAD AUWAL SULAIMAN *BINTA MUHAMMAD INUWA &**IBRAHIM YUSUF

*School of General Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Wuntin Dada, Jos Road, Bauchi. **Department of Islamic Studies, Adamawa State College of Education.

Abstract

The Islamic way of life always emphasized a strong sense of brotherhood in such a way that a community should be maintained to ensure that mutual understanding pave way for the peace and harmony, As long as individual or group of individuals failed to recognize and identify their variations, colours, nations and tribes, peaceful co-existence will no longer exist among them, and this will lead to series of violence and conflicts. In this regards Islam is a religion which adores peace rather than violence and love, compromise rather than   confrontation. In line with this, the Islamic principle of reconciliation should be given attention to address the gabs caused by lack of mutual understanding. Consequent upon this, this paper reveals that reconciliation, patience (Sabr) and forgiveness will serve as tools for negotiation to reach an equitable settlement and to restore peace and security for their wellbeing. Finally, the paper recommends that, all reconciliations terms must conform with the recommendations made by Qur’an and the traditions of Prophet (SAW).

Keywords: Reconciliation, Platform, Peaceful, Co-existence, Aggrieved, Ethnic, Religious

 

 

DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF A CASSAVA

PEELING MACHINE

SIBEUDU CHIWETALU EMENIKE, IKE ONYEKA

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Oko Anambra State

Abstract:

This project work is on the design and fabrication of a cassava peeling machine. It is aimed at providing a base for the commercial production of a cassava peeling machine, using locally available raw materials at a relatively low cost. The successful fabrication of a cassava peeling machine is one of the major, if not the major, challenge in cassava processing. This work is intended to help solve some of the problems hindering a successful design and fabrication of a cassava peeling machine.

Keywords: Cassava, Peeling, Manual, Chemical, Steaming and Mechanical.

 

 

EMPLOYEES’ PERCEPTION OF DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE ON COMMITMENT IN NIGERIAN PUBLIC TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS

UMORU, AGBOMIRE VICTOR (Ph.D)

Department of Business Administration and Management, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi.

Abstract

Organisational commitment is viewed by many researchers as common bond employees share with their employers. Organisational justice is concerned with the way employees view and interpret the ehavior of their organisations or employers. This paper examined the perception of employees’ commitment dimension on distributive justice. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data on employees’ commitment on distributive justice in public tertiary institutions. Data were analysed using statistical techniques (correlation, regression and descriptive). The study revealed that, distributive justice has a direct impact on affective commitment and normative commitment but negatively affect continuance commitment. The study concluded that a unit increase in affective, normative and continuance commitment influenced distributive justice by 34%, 37.2% and 4.2%. The study recommends among others that managers of public tertiary institutions should treat employees fairly in the distribution of benefits and burdens, according to their personal merit in terms of academic or professional qualification.

Keywords: Justice, commitment, organisations, distributive.

 

 

ANTIOXIDANT AND IN-VITRO ACTIVITIES OF MANGIFERA INDICA AND PSIDIUM GUAJAVA LEAVES ON SOME CLINICAL ISOLATES.

1OGBEBA, J., ¹IRUOLAJE, F., 1TIJJANI, M. AND ²DOGO, B.A.

1Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi state, Nigeria. 2National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC). Federal Secretariat Complex, Oke-Mosan, Abeokuta, Ogun state.

ABSTRACT

The antimicrobial activity of Mangifera indica and Psidium guajava leaves were tested against the bacteria Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi using agar well diffusion assays. The combination of the two plants methanol extracts were most effective against E.coli with zone of inhibition (12mm) at 100% concentration. Combination of the two plants ethanol extract were most effective against Staphylococcus aureus with zone of inhibition (12.7 mm) at 100% concentration. The methanol combination of the two extracts was effective against Salmonella typhi with zone of inhibition (11.5 mm) also at 100% concentration. The qualitative phytochemical screening of Mangifera indica and Psidium guajava indicated the presence of tanins, saponin, flavonoid, alkaloid, phenol and cardiac glycoside at varying degrees in the ethanol, methanol and cold water extracts of the respective plants. The quantitative analysis of phenol, alkaloid ,flavonoid and ascorbic acid (vitamin C) of Psidium guajava leaves using spectrophotometry revealed 2.081mg/100g, 0.332mg/100g, 0.224mg/100g and 3.773mg/100g respectively, while that of M. indica was 4.621mg/100g, 0.524mg/100g, 0.341mg/100g and 5.343mg/100g respectively. This indicates the significant presence of antioxidants in Mangifera indica and Psidium guajava. These antioxidants could be helpful in protecting the body from damage caused by harmful molecules and free radicals as they help to oxidize these substances thereby preventing diseases.

Keywords: Antimicrobial, antioxidant, phytochemical, spectrophotometry, extraction.

 

 

EFFECT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON NIGERIA ECONOMIC GROWTH: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS

BELLO ISMA’EEL USMAN

Department of Economics, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Bauchi State University, Gadau. Nigeria

Abstract

Foreign direct investment includes mergers and acquisitions, building new facilities, reinvesting profits earned from overseas operations and intra company loans. The study analyzed the impact of foreign direct investment on Nigeria economic growth over the period of 2000-2017. The main type of data used in this study is secondary; sourced from various publications of Central Bank of Nigeria, such as; Statistical Bulletin, Annual Reports and Statement of Accounts. The regression analysis of the ordinary least square (OLS) is the estimation technique that is being employed in this study to determine the relationship between and impact of the Direct Foreign Investment on economic growth. The findings revealed that economic growth is directly related to inflow of foreign direct investment and it is also statistical significant at 5% level which implies that a good performance of the economy is a positive signal for inflow of foreign direct investment. This implies that foreign direct investment is an engine of economic growth. The paper recommended that government should liberalize the foreign sector in Nigeria so that all barriers to trade such as arbitrary tariffs; import and export duties and other levies should be reduced so as to encourage investors.

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, Economic Growth, OLS, CBN, Nigeria

 

 

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE TRENDS IN RENTAL VALUES OF RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL PROPERTIES IN KADUNA METROPOLIS FROM 2003 TO 2016

AKPAN PHILOMINA MEMBER &   SAWYERR, PATRICIA TOYIN

Department of Estate Management, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna.

ABSTRACT

Rental values movement are very important to investors in real estate as it is a sign that the investment is viable. The population of this study is the seventy (70) registered firms of Estate Surveyors and Valuers in Kaduna and fifty percent (50) of the population which is thirty five (35) was sampled. Questionnaire was used in collecting data which was presented in tables and graph and was analysed using percentages, mean and frequency. Rental values of residential and commercial properties maintained a steady growth throughout the period under study. Commercial properties performed better than residential properties with a percentage of 9.4 as against 8.9. Properties should be sited in good locations and should be provided with basic infrastructure for them to command high rental values.

Keywords: Trends, Rent, Rental values, Residential property, Commercial property

 

 

ENTREPRENEURIAL INNOVATION AT NIGERIA INSTITUTE OF LEATHER AND SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY, ZARIA A PANACEA FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

OLATUNJI TUNDE EZEKIEL AND BANNAH B. DANIEL

Directorate of Academic Planning, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria

Abstract

Several agencies of government such as NILEST are established to act as mediators in assisting SMEs within the same industry to make among others, adoption decisions for growth and development. Despite these, the challenges of SMEs still persist as it only contributes 25% to employment and 46% to GDP. However, the qualitative method of research was adopted in conducting this study and secondary source of data was used in the write up of literature. Findings from this study indicated that the Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Samaru Zaria, has been identified in this article as a breeding ground for to be entrepreneur in Leather and Science Technology. Meditating roles of third party organizations in adoption studies are few cover such roles as training, promotion, faciliting, providing advice and conducting research for growth and development of entreprise. Innovation and Entrepreneurship is the process of creating something new with value by devoting the necessary time and effort assuming the accompanying financial psychic and social risks, and receiving the resulting rewards of monetary and personal satisfaction and independence. To account for this increasing interest in entrepreneurship, the Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria, has been teaching various courses in entrepreneurship and Small Business Management to enhance students to test their entrepreneur and business acumen for self reliance and sustenance in Leather Technology, Polymer Technology, Chemical Technology, Science Laboratory Technology and Production Management, among others after graduation.

Key words: Leather and Science Technology, Entrepreneurship, Small Scale Business, Management

 

 

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE 9 YEAR UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION (UBE) POLICY IN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA. PROBLEMS, CHALLENGES, AND PROSPECTS

YAHAYA SHU’AIBU WAKILI

School of Education, Department of Curriculum and Instructions, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare.

ABSTRACT

The Universal Basic Education Programme in Nigeria is situated within the large context of a global guest for education for all (EFA). The Universal Basic Education Programme has fundamental principle in common, that is every child in Nigeria has access to equivalent education. Education has been essentially a social process in capacity building and maintenance of society. It is also a weapon with which to equip the people to acquire relevant knowledge, skills and habits for surviving in modern world. This paper examines the Policy Implementation of the 9 year universal basic education (UBE) in public and private schools in Nigeria. It highlights the problems, challenges and prospects.

 

 

ROLE OF ICT IN THE TEACHING AND ADMINISTRATION OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: A REVIEW

AYOADE, OLUSOLA BAMIDELE

Computer Science Department, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have been widely deployed in most of the universities in Nigeria. Researches shown that the integration of ICTs in higher education have reduced the complexity of the administration and enhance the overall administration of higher education. ICTs increase the flexibility of delivery of education so that learners can access knowledge anytime and from anywhere. ICTs also influence the way students are taught and how they learn and better prepare the learners for lifelong learning as well as contributed to the industry. The application of ICT to administrative system of higher education alleviate the problems facing in the administration of student admissions and tracking, financial management, data distribution, teaching, learning and research, staff appraisals, general administration, security, etc. Therefore, this study review some related study on the role of ICT in the administration in higher education. The study discussed the benefits of ICT to both teaching and administration and highlighted some of the significance role of ICT in the governance of higher education. Moreover, the study explained the challenges facing the e-administration in Nigerian universities and remedies to unravel the problems. Finally, the study discussed the significant advantages of ICT services over the traditional services in Nigeria higher education.

Keywords: Amazon, CD ROM, E-Administration, Higher Education, ICT, LMS

 

 

THE ROLES OF PUBLIC LIBRARIES IN MODERN SOCIETY

ALIYU NASIRU MUHAMMMAD & MARGARET A. AMAO

Abu Ali Libray, A. S. C.O.E, Azare,

Abstract

The paper talks on the roles of public libraries in the society, most especially the modern society. The paper also highlights various roles and importance of library to the development of society. It also explain the concept of the society and the characteristics of the society for better understanding when serving the members of society, since each member in the society has his/her own information needs. However, the paper also show the links between the library and the society. The paper concludes by drawing the attention of librarians to confirm with the new trend of librarianship.

Keywords: Library, Society, Users, Roles, Information Resources, Services

 

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